CN103981838B - A kind of bank protection construction method - Google Patents

A kind of bank protection construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103981838B
CN103981838B CN201410254740.8A CN201410254740A CN103981838B CN 103981838 B CN103981838 B CN 103981838B CN 201410254740 A CN201410254740 A CN 201410254740A CN 103981838 B CN103981838 B CN 103981838B
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China
Prior art keywords
storage tank
domatic
water collection
collection sheet
grid shape
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CN201410254740.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103981838A (en
Inventor
彭涛
陈天生
周显辉
张军
谢渠
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广州怡境景观设计有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

A kind of bank protection construction method, it relates to a kind of slope protection device, described slope protection device is used for being arranged on domatic upper formation vegetable layer, and comprise total drainage blanket (3) and multiple cultivation unit, wherein, each cultivation unit includes flare water collection sheet (1), and described flare water collection sheet (1) is forming outside angle relative to vertical direction away from described domatic direction, and described flare water collection sheet (1) can collect rainwater with the subtended angle of described domatic formation.

Description

A kind of bank protection construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to slope protection field, particularly relate to a kind of bank protection construction method.
Background technology
Bank protection widely uses in field belonging to prior art.The occasions such as such as reservoir, road, river, dykes and dams.Section, bridge site place, the concave bank on riverbank is met year by year by current scour, and riverbank can be made constantly to cave in.For protection bridge and embankment safety, protective structure must be built at concave bank.In addition, because of establish bridge cause river flow to change, concave bank and jeopardize farmland and villages and small towns time, also must build protective structure on riverbank.
Due to the pattern feature reason of bank protection, its current scatter and disappear speed fast, be not easy polywater etc., on it, the vegetation of institute's coating often causes because of lack of water that survival rate is low or one-tenth live time is short, therefore affects the maintenance of vegetation, adds vegetation maintenance cost.And when amount of rainfall is larger, because flow rate of water flow is higher, that easily causes again vegetation on bank protection rushes damage, even causes the damage of bank protection.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of construction method of bank protection, it can overcome above-mentioned defect of the prior art, improves the survival rate of vegetation, reduces maintenance cost, and reduces the possibility damaged.
The scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of bank protection construction method, it relates to a kind of slope protection device, described slope protection device is used for being arranged on domatic upper formation vegetable layer, and comprise total drainage blanket and multiple cultivation unit, wherein, each cultivation unit includes flare water collection sheet, described flare water collection sheet is forming outside angle relative to vertical direction away from described domatic direction, the subtended angle of described flare water collection sheet and described domatic formation can collect rainwater, and the described domatic position corresponding with flare water collection sheet is for planting vegetation; The lower end of described flare water collection sheet is connected with the outer end of grid shape anchor plate, described grid shape anchor plate is used for being embedded in described domatic inside and forms anchoring effect, and described grid shape anchor plate is bar structure, and bar structure is provided with gap, described gap is used for passing for vegetation root system; The inner of described grid shape anchor plate is fixedly connected with header tank; The At The Height located from a distance with the lower end of described flare water collection sheet in the described domatic position corresponding with flare water collection sheet is provided with overfall gap, the height of described overfall gap in the vertical direction is lower than the height of the upper end in the vertical direction of described flare water collection sheet, thus when the rainwater collected reaches the height of above-mentioned overfall gap, can overfall gap be flowed into; Described overfall gap is provided with screen pack, and described overfall gap is communicated with the Top fluidic of storage tank by overflow pipe; The bottom of the lateral wall of the outer half side and described storage tank of the bottom of described storage tank is provided with infiltration net, and the water in storage tank can slowly be seeped in domatic interior soil by described infiltration net; The top of the inside wall of described storage tank is provided with outfall, the height of the position in the vertical direction that the height of described outfall in the vertical direction is connected with the top of storage tank lower than described overflow pipe, described outfall is communicated with described total drainage blanket fluid by drainage pipe; Described total drainage blanket forms by being embedded in described domatic interior two-ply face sandwiched, and extends along with described domatic parallel direction; When the amount of rainfall as many as collected makes the water in storage tank need to be discharged by drainage pipe, described total drainage blanket is used as shared total drainage channel of described multiple cultivation unit;
The step of described method is as follows:
A lays described two-ply face on the slope, to form described total drainage blanket;
The top plate face of B in described two-ply face is arranged each drainage pipe be communicated with total drainage blanket;
Cement concrete layer is laid in top plate face in described two-ply face to C, and before cement concrete layer solidifies, each storage tank is arranged in described cement concrete layer, described storage tank is communicated with corresponding drainage pipe, and the described infiltration net of described storage tank is exposed completely;
Described overflow pipe is connected with corresponding storage tank with grid shape anchor plate by D;
E is mulching soil layer on the cement concrete layer solidified, and soil horizon is surrounded and covers described storage tank, described overflow pipe and grid shape anchor plate, and the outer end that is domatic and described grid shape anchor plate that described soil horizon is formed is concordant;
Described flare water collection sheet is fixed on the outer end of described grid shape anchor plate by F.
Pass through such scheme, owing to have employed water storage box, and water storage box is connected with drainage blanket, by being rationally arranged at the pipeline that water storage box is connected, the rainwater accumulating in flare water collection sheet place can be saved in water storage box, and be drained to drainage blanket by other Cemented filling after water storage box is full.Drainage blanket is shared.Further, when non-precipitation, the water in water storage box slowly can be infiltrated in the soil residing for vegetation by infiltration structure again.So just substantially increase the survival rate of vegetation.And by laying layer of concrete when construction, water storage box being fixedly secured, substantially increases the firmness of bank protection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of bank protection of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Referring to Fig. 1, the present invention is described in detail.
Described slope protection device is used for being arranged on domatic upper formation vegetable layer, and comprise total drainage blanket 3 and multiple cultivation unit, wherein, each cultivation unit includes flare water collection sheet 1, described flare water collection sheet 1 is forming outside angle relative to vertical direction away from described domatic direction, described flare water collection sheet 1 can collect rainwater with the subtended angle of described domatic formation, and the described domatic position corresponding with flare water collection sheet 1 is for planting vegetation; The lower end of described flare water collection sheet 1 is connected with the outer end of grid shape anchor plate 15, described grid shape anchor plate 15 forms anchoring effect for being embedded in described domatic inside, and described grid shape anchor plate 15 is bar structure, and bar structure is provided with gap, described gap is used for passing for vegetation root system; The inner of described grid shape anchor plate 15 is fixedly connected with header tank 18; The At The Height located from a distance with the lower end of described flare water collection sheet 1 in the described domatic position corresponding with flare water collection sheet 1 is provided with overfall gap 10, the height of described overfall gap 10 in the vertical direction is lower than the height of the upper end in the vertical direction of described flare water collection sheet 1, thus when the rainwater collected reaches the height of above-mentioned overfall gap 10, overfall gap 10 can be flowed into; Described overfall gap 10 is provided with screen pack, and described overfall gap 10 is communicated with the Top fluidic of storage tank 18 by overflow pipe 19; The bottom of the lateral wall of the outer half side and described storage tank 18 of the bottom of described storage tank 18 is provided with infiltration net 14, and the water in storage tank 18 can slowly be seeped in domatic interior soil by described infiltration net 14; The top of the inside wall of described storage tank 18 is provided with outfall, the height of the position in the vertical direction that the height of described outfall in the vertical direction is connected with the top of storage tank 18 lower than described overflow pipe 19, described outfall is communicated with described total drainage blanket 3 fluid by drainage pipe 17; Described total drainage blanket 3 forms by being embedded in described domatic interior two-ply face sandwiched, and extends along with described domatic parallel direction; When the amount of rainfall as many as collected makes the water in storage tank 18 need to be discharged by drainage pipe 17, described total drainage blanket 3 is used as shared total drainage channel of described multiple cultivation unit;
The step of described method is as follows:
A lays described two-ply face on the slope, to form described total drainage blanket 3;
The top plate face of B in described two-ply face is arranged each drainage pipe 17 be communicated with total drainage blanket 3;
Cement concrete layer is laid in top plate face in described two-ply face to C, and before cement concrete layer solidifies, each storage tank 18 is arranged in described cement concrete layer, described storage tank 18 is communicated with corresponding drainage pipe 17, and the described infiltration net 14 of described storage tank 18 is exposed completely;
Described overflow pipe 19 is connected with corresponding storage tank 18 with grid shape anchor plate 15 by D;
E is mulching soil layer on the cement concrete layer solidified, and soil horizon is surrounded and covers described storage tank 18, described overflow pipe 19 and grid shape anchor plate 15, and the outer end that is domatic and described grid shape anchor plate 15 that described soil horizon is formed is concordant;
Described flare water collection sheet 1 is fixed on the outer end of described grid shape anchor plate 15 by F.
Wherein, described cement concrete layer is the mixture of cement and stone.
Wherein, described two-ply face is cement board.

Claims (3)

1. a bank protection construction method, it relates to a kind of slope protection device, described slope protection device is used for being arranged on domatic upper formation vegetable layer, comprise multiple cultivation unit, wherein, each cultivation unit includes flare water collection sheet (1), described flare water collection sheet (1) is forming outside angle relative to vertical direction away from described domatic direction, described flare water collection sheet (1) can collect rainwater with the subtended angle of described domatic formation, and the described domatic position corresponding with flare water collection sheet (1) is for planting vegetation, it is characterized in that: described vegetable layer also comprises total drainage blanket (3), the lower end of described flare water collection sheet (1) is connected with the outer end of grid shape anchor plate (15), described grid shape anchor plate (15) forms anchoring effect for being embedded in described domatic inside, and described grid shape anchor plate (15) is bar structure, bar structure is provided with gap, described gap is used for passing for vegetation root system, the inner of described grid shape anchor plate (15) is fixedly connected with header tank (18), the At The Height located from a distance with the lower end of described flare water collection sheet (1) in the described domatic position corresponding with flare water collection sheet (1) is provided with overfall gap (10), the height of described overfall gap (10) in the vertical direction is lower than the height of the upper end in the vertical direction of described flare water collection sheet (1), thus when the rainwater collected reaches the height of above-mentioned overfall gap (10), overfall gap (10) can be flowed into, (10) are provided with screen pack to described overfall gap, and described overfall gap (10) is communicated with by the Top fluidic of overflow pipe (19) with storage tank (18), the bottom of the lateral wall of the outer half side and described storage tank (18) of the bottom of described storage tank (18) is provided with infiltration net (14), and the water in storage tank (18) can slowly be seeped in domatic interior soil by described infiltration net (14), the top of the inside wall of described storage tank (18) is provided with outfall, the height of the position in the vertical direction that the height of described outfall in the vertical direction is connected with the top of storage tank (18) lower than described overflow pipe (19), described outfall is communicated with described total drainage blanket (3) fluid by drainage pipe (17), described total drainage blanket (3) forms by being embedded in described domatic interior two-ply face sandwiched, and extends along with described domatic parallel direction, when the amount of rainfall as many as collected makes the water in storage tank (18) need to be discharged by drainage pipe (17), described total drainage blanket (3) is as shared total drainage channel of described multiple cultivation unit,
The step of described method is as follows:
A lays described two-ply face on the slope, to form described total drainage blanket (3);
The top plate face of B in described two-ply face is arranged each drainage pipe (17) be communicated with total drainage blanket (3);
Cement concrete layer is laid in top plate face in described two-ply face to C, and before cement concrete layer solidifies, each storage tank (18) is arranged in described cement concrete layer, described storage tank (18) is communicated with corresponding drainage pipe (17), and the described infiltration net (14) of described storage tank (18) is exposed completely;
Described overflow pipe (19) is connected with corresponding storage tank (18) with grid shape anchor plate (15) by D;
E is mulching soil layer on the cement concrete layer solidified, soil horizon is surrounded and covers described storage tank (18), described overflow pipe (19) and grid shape anchor plate (15), and the outer end that is domatic and described grid shape anchor plate (15) that described soil horizon is formed is concordant;
Described flare water collection sheet (1) is fixed on the outer end of described grid shape anchor plate (15) by F.
2. the method for claim 1, wherein described cement concrete layer is the mixture of cement and stone.
3. the method for claim 1, wherein described two-ply face is cement board.
CN201410254740.8A 2014-06-10 2014-06-10 A kind of bank protection construction method Expired - Fee Related CN103981838B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110374055B (en) * 2019-08-08 2021-02-26 宁夏辰信建邦建筑工程有限公司 Water conservancy slope protection structure

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06280242A (en) * 1993-03-25 1994-10-04 Sekisui Plastics Co Ltd Planting soil draining construction
CN2825747Y (en) * 2005-08-24 2006-10-11 中国水电顾问集团华东勘测设计研究院 Vegetation planting trough for slope ecology management
CN101622931A (en) * 2008-07-10 2010-01-13 浙江交通职业技术学院 Greening sloping surface for rock side slope facing wall and construction method thereof
CN102002956A (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-04-06 武汉大学 Multi-level fully-closed reinforcement technology of exposed fault zone of excavated side slope
CN202247911U (en) * 2011-08-31 2012-05-30 中国水电顾问集团成都勘测设计研究院 Slope support structure used for ecological management of slope

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06280242A (en) * 1993-03-25 1994-10-04 Sekisui Plastics Co Ltd Planting soil draining construction
CN2825747Y (en) * 2005-08-24 2006-10-11 中国水电顾问集团华东勘测设计研究院 Vegetation planting trough for slope ecology management
CN101622931A (en) * 2008-07-10 2010-01-13 浙江交通职业技术学院 Greening sloping surface for rock side slope facing wall and construction method thereof
CN102002956A (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-04-06 武汉大学 Multi-level fully-closed reinforcement technology of exposed fault zone of excavated side slope
CN202247911U (en) * 2011-08-31 2012-05-30 中国水电顾问集团成都勘测设计研究院 Slope support structure used for ecological management of slope

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