CN202079505U - Hanger-passing type (pneumatic) shot blast machine - Google Patents

Hanger-passing type (pneumatic) shot blast machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202079505U
CN202079505U CN2011200737965U CN201120073796U CN202079505U CN 202079505 U CN202079505 U CN 202079505U CN 2011200737965 U CN2011200737965 U CN 2011200737965U CN 201120073796 U CN201120073796 U CN 201120073796U CN 202079505 U CN202079505 U CN 202079505U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shot
ball
suspension hook
pneumatic
impeller
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CN2011200737965U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
江兴平
倪文龙
胡兆存
吴恒荣
束长宁
王玮
胡成
黄辉
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Jiangsu Longcheng Casting Machinery Technology Co., Ltd.
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DAFENG LONGCHENG MACHINERY OR MECHANICAL Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2011200737965U priority Critical patent/CN202079505U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a hanger-passing type (pneumatic) shot blast machine. A shot blast cleaning chamber is provided with a plurality of abators; a manual shot-blast compensating cleaning chamber is provided with a shot blasting device; a hanger is driven by an electric block to enable the hanger to move and lift up and down on an annular hanger rail; a pill material outlet of the shot blast cleaning chamber is sequentially connected with a lower longitudinal spiral conveyer and a lower transverse spiral conveyer; a bucket elevator is provided with a material inlet and a material outlet, and the material inlet is connected with the lower transverse spiral conveyer; one end of an upper transverse spiral conveyer is connected with the material outlet of the bucket elevator; a pill-sand separator is provided with a separating region and an air inlet, and the separating region is connected with the other end of the upper transverse spiral conveyer; and a dust remover is connected with the air inlet of the pill-sand separator. The hanger-passing type (pneumatic) shot blast machine disclosed by the utility model can exert forced shot blasting on the surface of a metal member in an original state to clean rust spots, rust layers, welding slag and oxide skins on the surface of the metal member so that the surface of the metal member obtains a uniform metallic luster surface with the certain degree of finish, thus the stress can be removed conveniently, and the surface finishing quality and the anti-corrosion performance of the surface of the material can be improved.

Description

The suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of shot-blast apparatus, and particularly a kind of suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine.
Background technology
Shot-blasting machine (shot blasting machine), the impeller blasting equipment of cast(ing) surface is cleared up or strengthened to the high speed bullet that utilizes impeller head to dish out.The ball blast function is carried out knockout, decoring and cleaning to foundry goods simultaneously.
Shot-blast apparatus at first is applied to the surperficial scab of foundry industry cast steel, ironcasting and the removing of oxide skin.Nearly all steel-casting, grey foundry goods, malleable iron component, magnesium iron spare etc. all will carry out Shot Blasting.This is not only in order to remove cast(ing) surface oxide skin and scab, it simultaneously also is indispensable preparatory process before casting quality is checked, such as large-scale gas-turbine casing carrying out carrying out strict throwing blast cleaning before the nondestructive inspection, to guarantee the reliability of result of detection.In general castings production, throw blast cleaning and be the requisite process means of finding casting surface defect such as subcutaneous blowhole, cinder hole and scab, cold shut, peeling etc.Non-ferrous casting, removing surface as aluminium alloy, copper alloy etc., except that the blemish of descaling, discovery foundry goods, main purpose is to throw the surface quality that shot-peening is removed the burr of die casting and obtained to have the decoration meaning, acquisition resultant effect.
According to modern metal strength theory, increase the dislocation density of metal inside, be the main direction that improves metal strength.Facts have proved that ball blast is the effective process that increases the metal dislocation structure.This can not or realize by transformation hardening (as marquench etc.) requiring the more further workpiece of reinforcement on the basis of transformation hardening to some metals, has more crucial meaning.Parts such as aviation, aerospace industry, automobile, tractor require lighting, but reliability requirement is more and more higher, and its important process measure is exactly to adopt to throw intensity and the fatigue strength that shot-blast process improves member.
In view of this, the artificial deficiency that solves in the existing ball blast technology of design of the present utility model, based on the research and development of association area, and through constantly test and improvement, and then generation of the present utility model is arranged.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of suspension hook through type throwing, pneumatic shot blast machine, it imposes powerful ball blast to metal component surface and inner chamber in a state of nature, remove its lip-deep rust staining, rusty scale, welding slag and oxide skin, make it to obtain to have the metal glossy surface of the uniformity of certain fineness, so that removal stress, the surface finish quality and the corrosion resistance of raising material.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the utility model provides a kind of suspension hook through type throwing, pneumatic shot blast machine, and it comprises:
Super shot blasting cleaning chamber is equipped with many impeller heads on its outer wall;
The cleaning chamber that manually fills spray, it is located at the downstream of super shot blasting cleaning chamber, is provided with wheel abrator in the described cleaning chamber that manually fills spray;
Suspension hook;
The annular hanger rail;
Electric block, described suspension hook is driven so that this suspension hook is advanced and lifting on this annular hanger rail by this electric block;
Following longitudinal spiral conveyer, the one end is connected with the ball material outlet of super shot blasting cleaning chamber;
Following horizontal conveying worm, the one end is connected with the other end of following longitudinal spiral conveyer;
Bucket elevator, it has feeding mouth and discharging opening, and this feeding mouth is connected with the other end of following horizontal conveying worm;
Go up horizontal conveying worm, the one end is connected with the discharging opening of bucket elevator;
Shot-sand separator, it has the Disengagement zone and the mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, and this Disengagement zone is connected with the other end of last horizontal conveying worm; And
Deduster, its with shot-sand separator give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful and super shot blasting cleaning chamber is connected.
Described suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, wherein, 12 impeller heads is installed on the outer wall of described super shot blasting cleaning chamber, described 12 impeller heads divide each 4 up and down, about each 2 tablecloth put.
Described suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, wherein, described super shot blasting cleaning chamber is the multicell assembly, form by main chamber's body and concubine body, described impeller head is arranged on the outer wall of main chamber's body, the both sides, front and back of main chamber's body are the concubine body, the concubine body be the closed chamber body and in be provided with steel plate and multilayer rubber curtain and shield.
Described suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, and wherein, described impeller head comprises: impeller, motor, shot wheel, orienting cover, blade, lead ball pipe and guard shield; Described orienting cover is fixed in the guard shield and has a window; The internal fixation of orienting cover is equipped with shot wheel, has an inlet and four windows on the described shot wheel; Describedly lead the side that the ball pipe is positioned at guard shield, and an end of leading the ball pipe is connected with this inlet of shot wheel, the other end of leading the ball pipe connects for the ball system; The opposite side of described guard shield is equipped with impeller, and a plurality of blades are installed on the described impeller, and blade is distributed in the periphery of orienting cover; Impeller is connected with the output shaft of motor, and by this impeller rotation of Motor Drive.
Described suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, and wherein, described impeller is connected by conjoint disk with the output shaft of motor, and seal disc also is installed between conjoint disk and the motor; The wear plate that is used to prevent ball blast excessive damage guard shield also is installed in the described guard shield, and wear plate comprises the top backplate that is positioned at the guard shield inside top, be positioned at the side guard plate of the inboard side of guard shield and be positioned at the end face protective plate of guard shield inner side end.
Described suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, and wherein, described bucket elevator also comprises: housing, belt, ball hopper, active roller, return idler, belt stretcher and cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer; Described housing adopts segmented steel construction welding forming, and each coupled position is equipped with the sealing offset plate; Described cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer is installed in the top of housing, and it is connected with active roller, is used to drive active roller and rotates; Described active roller and return idler lay respectively at the above and below of enclosure interior, and connect by belt; A plurality of ball hoppers in the same direction are installed on the belt, and the default at interval each other distance of described ball hopper; Described belt stretcher is installed on the return idler; The feeding mouth of described bucket elevator is positioned at the bottom of housing, and the discharging opening of bucket elevator is positioned at the top of housing.
Described suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, and wherein, described shot-sand separator comprises: Disengagement zone, hopper, give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth and stream ball mouth; A described part that horizontal conveying worm is stretched out the Disengagement zone, upward on the shell of this extension of horizontal conveying worm charging aperture is installed, this charging aperture is connected with the discharging opening of bucket elevator, and described another part of horizontal conveying worm is positioned at the Disengagement zone; Described horizontal conveying worm is connected with the output of one speed reducer; A described end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth is connected with the Disengagement zone, and the transmission direction of the air port direction of the mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar and last horizontal conveying worm is perpendicular; The other end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful is connected with deduster; The below of described Disengagement zone is connected with hopper, and 12 stream ball mouths are arranged at the hopper bottom.
Described suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, and wherein, described deduster comprises: pulse control valve, access door, the mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, filter cylinder, ash storage box, muffler, blower fan, dirt pocket body; Described pulse control valve and access door are positioned at a side of dirt pocket body; Blower fan is connected with the dirt pocket body by airduct, and is connected with muffler on the blower fan; Filter cylinder is positioned at the inside of dirt pocket body; The mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar is positioned at the opposite side of dirt pocket body, and a described end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful is connected with the dirt pocket body, and give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth and the super shot blasting cleaning chamber of the other end and shot-sand separator are connected; Ash storage box is positioned at the bottom of dirt pocket body.
Described suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, wherein, also include inspection platform, the welding of the hopper of described inspection platform and shot-sand separator, inspection platform are used to support the hopper of shot-sand separator and last horizontal conveying worm so that the top of maintenance shot-sand separator and bucket elevator.
Described suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, wherein, also comprises pneumatic automatic ball material controller, and it is installed on the described stream ball mouth.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: it can impose powerful ball blast to metal component surface and inner chamber in a state of nature, remove its lip-deep rust staining, rusty scale, welding slag and oxide skin, make it to obtain to have the metal glossy surface of the uniformity of certain fineness, so that removal stress, the surface finish quality and the corrosion resistance of raising material.In addition, can before being attached to workpiece cavity, lip-deep steel sand, dust japanning, also should clean out by filling spray.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that a kind of suspension hook through type of the utility model is thrown, the front view of pneumatic shot blast machine;
Fig. 2 is that a kind of suspension hook through type of the utility model is thrown, the vertical view of pneumatic shot blast machine;
Fig. 3 is that a kind of suspension hook through type of the utility model is thrown, the side view of pneumatic shot blast machine;
Fig. 4 is the front view of impeller head;
Fig. 5 is the side view of impeller head;
Fig. 6 is the front view of bucket elevator
Fig. 7 is the side view of bucket elevator;
Fig. 8 is the front view of shot-sand separator;
Fig. 9 is the vertical view of shot-sand separator;
Figure 10 is the side view of shot-sand separator;
Figure 11 is the front view of deduster;
Figure 12 is the vertical view of deduster;
Figure 13 is the side view of deduster.
Description of reference numerals: 1-suspension hook induction system; The 11-electric block; The 12-suspension hook; 13-annular hanger rail; 2-clears up workpiece; The 21-conveying carrier; The 3-super shot blasting cleaning chamber; The 31-impeller head; The 311-impeller; The 312-conjoint disk; The 3121-seal disc; The 313-motor; The 314-shot wheel; The 315-orienting cover; The 316-blade; 317-leads the ball pipe; 3181-top backplate; The 3182-side guard plate; 3183-end face protective plate; The 319-guard shield; 32-master's cleaning chamber; The secondary cleaning chamber of 33-; The 34-cleaning chamber that manually fills spray; The 341-watch window; The 342-illuminating lamp; Longitudinal spiral conveyer under the 4-; Horizontal conveying worm under the 5-; The last horizontal conveying worm of 6-; The 7-bucket elevator; The 71-housing; The 72-belt; 73-ball hopper; The 74-active roller; The 75-return idler; The 76-belt stretcher; The 77-cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer; The 78-feeding mouth; The 79-discharging opening; The 8-shot-sand separator; The 81-conveying worm; The 82-Disengagement zone; The 83-hopper; The 84-mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar; 85-stream ball mouth; The 86-decelerator; The 87-charging aperture; The 9-inspection platform; The 10-deduster; 101-pulse control valve; The 102-access door; The 103-mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar; The 104-filter cylinder; The 105-ash storage box; The 106-muffler; The 107-blower fan; 108-dirt pocket body.
The specific embodiment
About the utility model is the application target that reaches above-mentioned and effect and the technological means that adopted, now enumerate preferable feasible embodiment, and shown in the conjunction with figs., details are as follows:
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, be respectively front view, vertical view and the side view of a kind of suspension hook through type throwing of the utility model, pneumatic shot blast machine.Wherein, described suspension hook through type is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine mainly comprises: suspension hook induction system 1, super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3, down longitudinal spiral conveyer 4, down horizontal conveying worm 5, go up horizontal conveying worm 6, two bucket elevators 7, two shot-sand separators 8, inspection platform 9 and dedusters 10.
Described suspension hook induction system 1 comprises electric block 11, suspension hook 12 and annular hanger rail 13.Wherein, described suspension hook 12 is used for lifting cleaning workpiece 2, and the below of cleaning workpiece 2 is provided with conveying carrier 21.Suspension hook 12 is driven by electric block 11, thereby control suspension hook 12 is advanced and lifting on annular hanger rail 13.Suspension hook 12 is taked special, wear-resistant cast iron sheath, thereby reduces the wearing and tearing of ball blast to suspension hook 13.Described suspension hook 13 can frequency control, and can positive and negatively move stable drive.According to the cleaning effect of workpiece, can adjust the speed of induction system during use, by the adjustment of walking unhurriedly extremely at a high speed at a slow speed, with cleaning effect and the good economic that reaches high-quality.
Again in conjunction with Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5, many impeller heads 31 are installed on the outer wall of described super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3, be 12 impeller heads 31 in the present embodiment, each 4 up and down of described 12 impeller heads 31 minutes, about each 2 reasonable Arrangement, the outer wall of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 is provided with several for the hole that ball blast passes, and makes ball blast to clear up the surface of workpiece from all angles.Described impeller head 31 comprises: impeller 311, conjoint disk 312, motor 313, shot wheel 314, orienting cover 315, blade 316, lead members such as ball pipe 317, wear plate (3181,3182,3183), guard shield 319.Described orienting cover 315 is fixed in the guard shield 319, and it has a window, and can adjust the direction of this window by adjusting orienting cover 315.The internal fixation of orienting cover 315 is equipped with shot wheel 314.Have an inlet and four windows on the described shot wheel 314.Describedly lead the side that ball pipe 317 is positioned at guard shield 319, and an end of leading ball pipe 317 is connected with this inlet of shot wheel 314, the other end connects the (not shown) for the ball system, wherein, for being provided with in the ball system for the ball lock, in order to regulating the ball blast flow, and is convenient to maintenance.The opposite side of described guard shield 319 is equipped with impeller 311, and a plurality of blades 316 are installed on the described impeller 311, and blade 316 is distributed in the periphery of orienting cover 315.Impeller 311 is connected by conjoint disk 312 with the output shaft of motor 313, and drives this impeller 311 rotations by motor 313.In addition, between conjoint disk 312 and motor 313, seal disc 3121 is installed also.The wear plate that is used to prevent ball blast excessive damage guard shield 319 also is installed in described guard shield 319, and wear plate comprises the top backplate 3181 that is positioned at guard shield 319 inside top, be positioned at the side guard plate 3182 of guard shield 319 inboard sides and be positioned at the end face protective plate 3183 of guard shield 319 inner side ends.During work, bullet rolls in the shot wheel 314 by leading ball pipe 317, and preaceleration is after orienting cover 315 presets the window of direction dishes out, and blade 316 continues its acceleration, and then adjusts impelling and reach powerful strike the on the workpiece, to reach the purpose of cleaning.That described impeller head 31 has is simple in structure, easy to maintenance, advantage such as little takes up room, blade 316 does not need any anchor clamps such as screw, pin, Spring Card to fix, but blade 316 is inserted in the impeller groove (not shown) from impeller 311 centers, rotary when impeller 311, rely on the centrifugal force of blade 316 generations and the boss structure on the blade 316 to fix.
Described super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 is the multicell assembly, form by main chamber's body 32 and concubine body 33, wherein above-mentioned impeller head 31 is arranged on the outer wall of main chamber's body 32, the both sides, front and back of main chamber's body 32 are concubine body 33, concubine body 33 be the closed chamber body and in be provided with the shielding of steel plate and multilayer rubber curtain, fly to prevent the bullet unrest.In the super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 certain negative pressure is arranged simultaneously, prevent that dust from escaping.Be provided with the wear resistant cast iron steel plate in the described super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3, avoid wearing and tearing, prolong chamber body service life more than tens of times with protection chamber body wall plate; Can utilize simultaneously the reflection function of bullet, the strike surface of the work that remains valid improves cleaning quality and cleaning efficiency, on cleaning taper collection ball bucket net is housed, and to intercept foreign material, the protection conveying worm is convenient to maintenance personal's maintenance.Shot blast room body inner casing adopts wear-resisting bag casting nut to hide and bolt, and the protection screw is not damaged, and disassembling, assembling and replacing is convenient.In addition, fly out, be provided with protector in the super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 for preventing bullet.
In addition, because the difference of each workpiece shape, therefore in the ball blast blind area that may have local area in ball blast process automatically, the ball that must manually fill spray is cleaned out before will being attached to workpiece cavity, lip-deep steel sand, dust japanning.Therefore the downstream of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 is provided with the cover cleaning chamber 34 that manually fills spray, and the described cleaning chamber 34 that manually fills spray is provided with watch window 341 and illuminating lamp 342, chamber body, wheel abrator (not shown), drifting dust rifle, longitudinal spiral conveyer 4, collection ball bucket, dust pelletizing system, pneumatic gate, grid, bottom member, electrical control etc. are partly formed down.The structure of wherein said wheel abrator is a common practise, so do not repeat them here.
(1) the chamber body is taked splicing structure, forms chamber body skeleton by channel-section steel, square steel, angle steel section bars such as (adopting square tube and sheet material), have enough intensity and rigidity, and is elegant in appearance.The safety glass observation window is equipped with in body two sides, chamber, and is provided with left and right sides People's Bank of China side door, and People's Bank of China's side door is furnished with door check.Side, chamber plate is δ 3 steel plates, and the inwall shop hangs δ 5 wear-resistant rubber sheets, and illumination is joined in both sides, and illuminating lamp 342 is taked the lampshade safeguard procedures.The centre of chamber body width is left an opening and is hung workpiece for cucurbit voluntarily and pass through, and body top, chamber is provided with voluntarily cucurbit and supports door frame, and the door frame material is No. 20 channel-section steel make-ups, is integral with chamber body frame design.
(2) directive wheel is established in the Power-driven gate bottom.The two ends, gate are established the 300mm width and are returned the ball groove, avoid influencing the gate behind the Power-driven gate gathering sill inner product ball and normally open and close.That gate integral body is accomplished is in light weight, good rigidly, operate steadily, safe and reliable.
(3) the shot-peening cylinder is made according to the relevant pressure vessel code of country by professional pressure vessel factory.The shot-peening cylinder is furnished with 2 high-efficient spray guns, and operating personnel can be as required when the shot-peening operation, control gas, ball situation.
(4) start and stop that add ball are controlled automatically by level-sensing device.Ground shot is sent into storage bin hopper by the collection ball funnel under the terrace grid, horizontal conveying worm, longitudinal spiral conveyer and bucket elevator, automatically add the shot-peening cylinder by storage bin hopper again, in carrying the process of shot, utilize separator to filter out≤dust of 0.1mm.Dust high altitude discharge after the deduster filtration meets discharging standards in the body of chamber.
(5) operating personnel's protective garment adopts the special air conditioner protective garment, and protective garment inserts outdoorly can breathe clean air through decompression and the compressed air that filters when operating personnel are worked, and regulates the height of self temperature according to oneself requirement.
(6) spray gun adopts special-purpose secondary air inlet double-venturi The boron carbide nozzle, service life 〉=1000 hour, treatment effeciency 〉=25m/h, i.e. a beat shot-peening area 〉=1.5m 2
(7) the cleaning rifle hangs on the body wall of chamber, is provided with flexible pipe, reel, and length is freely, and is easy to operate.
Described following longitudinal spiral conveyer 4, following horizontal conveying worm 5, last horizontal conveying worm 6 are made up of mandrel, helical blade, end axle, end plate, rolling bearing units, dust guard, cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer and various securing member respectively.Because the structure of conveying worm herein is a common practise, so repeat no more.The ball material outlet of described super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 and the cleaning chamber that manually fills spray are connected with following longitudinal spiral conveyer 4, and described longitudinal spiral conveyer 4 down also is connected with following horizontal conveying worm 5.Wherein, the ball material of process impeller head 31 directly is collected to down longitudinal spiral conveyer 4 by cleaning chamber, and the transportation by following horizontal conveying worm 5 enters into bucket elevator 7 again.
Again as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, described bucket elevator 7 comprises: housing 71, belt 72, ball hopper 73, active roller 74, return idler 75, belt stretcher 76, cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer 77, feeding mouth 78 and discharging opening 79.
The housing 71 of described bucket elevator 7 adopts segmented steel construction welding forming, and each coupled position is equipped with the sealing offset plate, prevents the leakage of dust and pill.Described cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer 77 is installed in the top of housing 71, and it is connected with active roller 74, is used to drive active roller 74 and rotates.Described active roller 74 and return idler 75 lay respectively at the above and below of housing 71 inside, and connect by belt 72.A plurality of ball hoppers 73 in the same direction are installed on the belt 72, and described ball hopper 73 can be the dark bucket of cylindrical bottom, shallow bucket or pointed shape bucket, and the default at interval each other distance of described ball hopper 73.Described belt stretcher 76 is installed on the return idler 75, to guarantee the tensioning of elevator belt appropriateness.Described feeding mouth 78 is positioned at the bottom of housing 71 and is connected with following horizontal conveying worm 5, and discharging opening 79 is positioned at the top of housing 71.
The blanking form of bucket elevator 7 adopts the centrifugal gravity formula ball that falls.The ball dirt mixture of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 is risen to the top of bucket elevator 7, send by discharging opening 79 again.
As Fig. 8, Fig. 9 and Figure 10, be respectively front view, vertical view and the side view of a kind of shot-sand separator of the utility model.Wherein, described shot-sand separator 8 is to adopt BE type curtain-type structure, and it mainly comprises: Disengagement zone 82, hopper 83, give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth 84 and stream ball mouth 85.
Wherein, a described part that horizontal conveying worm 6 is stretched out Disengagement zone 82, upward on the shell of this extension of horizontal conveying worm 6 charging aperture 87 is installed, this charging aperture 87 is connected with the discharging opening 79 of bucket elevator 7, and the pill-sand mixture of process bucket elevator 7 is entered in the shell of horizontal conveying worm 6 by this charging aperture 87; Described another part of horizontal conveying worm 6 is positioned at Disengagement zone 82, and described pill-sand mixture enters into Disengagement zone 82 through after the conveying of last horizontal conveying worm 6.
Described horizontal conveying worm 6 is connected with the output of one speed reducer 86, is used for driving going up horizontal conveying worm 6 to carry pill-sand mixture.
A described end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth 84 is connected with Disengagement zone 82, and the transmission direction of the air port direction of the mouth 84 of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar and last horizontal conveying worm 6 is perpendicular.Mouthfuls 84 the quantity of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar is at least one (being two in the present embodiment).The other end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful is connected with deduster.
The below of described Disengagement zone 82 is connected with hopper 83, and 12 stream ball mouths 85 are arranged at hopper 83 bottoms, are used for the qualified bullet of releasing pure.
In the course of work, pill-sand mixture horizontal conveying worm 6 in feeding is sent to Disengagement zone 82 uniformly, deduster mouthfuls 84 provides wind-force to Disengagement zone 82 by giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, thereby the horizontal gas flow that forms uniform ball sand flow curtain and pass 4-5m/s carries out the ball sand separation, bullet is different by its proportion with waste material, fall into passage separately respectively, pure ball material falls into hopper 83, reuse for impeller head by opening stream ball mouth 85 releasing pure ball material, fine dust is inhaled into deduster by the mouth 84 of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, clean gas after the purified treatment is discharged in the air, the collection that is captured of particle dust.
Described pipeline junction of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth 84 and deduster also can be provided with air quantity regulator (not shown), by blast regulator is adjusted to suitable location, to obtain better ball sand separation effect.
Shot-sand separator of the present utility model utilizes gravity selection by winnowing principle, and the bullet in the stream curtain is effectively separated with burning skin fragment, broken bullet and dust, and waste material is from mouthful outflow of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, and bullet enters hopper and circulates.
To sum up, shot-sand separator of the present utility model, good separating effect, after the separation, sand content<1% in the pure qualified bullet, qualified bullet amount<1% in the waste material, the separative efficiency of separator can reach 99%.
Described inspection platform 9 adopts shaped steel, sheet material manufacturing.The below of shot-sand separator 8 is equipped with hopper 83, is used to store the ball material through the separator sorting.Hopper 83 welds together with inspection platform 9, and 12 stream ball mouths are arranged at hopper 83 bottoms.
Inspection platform 9 is used to support the hopper 83 and the last horizontal conveying worm 6 of shot-sand separator 8, and can realize keeping in repair shot-sand separator 8 and bucket elevator 7 tops.
Described deduster 10, employing be CL-60 type pulse backblowing cleaning filter drum type precipitator, it comprises pulse control valve 101, access door 102, give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthfuls 103, filter cylinder 104, ash storage box 105, muffler 106, blower fan 107, dirt pocket body 108.Described pulse control valve 101 and access door 102 are positioned at a side of dirt pocket body 108.Blower fan 107 is connected with dirt pocket body 108 by airduct, and is connected with muffler 106 on the blower fan 7.Filter cylinder 104 is positioned at the inside of dirt pocket body 108.Mouthfuls 103 opposite sides that are positioned at dirt pocket body 108 of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, described mouthfuls 103 the end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar is connected with dirt pocket body 108, and give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth 84 and the super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 of the other end and shot-sand separator 8 are connected.Ash storage box 105 is positioned at the bottom of dirt pocket body 108.The CL-60 type pulse backblowing cleaning filter drum type precipitator that sophistication is made, volume is little, efficiency of dust collection is high, efficiency of dust filtration is 99%, and installation and maintenance are convenient.Be installed in outside the factory building, need not build in addition between dedusting, the dustiness in the dust pelletizing system cleaned air passes is significantly less than dust emission standard of the same trade.Dust sucting pipeline and dust discharge pipeline are coated with antirust paint by steel plate and angle steel manufacturing in the pipeline.
Impeller head 31 dish out the bullet that is scattered successively through longitudinal spiral conveyer 4 down and down horizontal conveying worm 5 be delivered to bucket elevator 7, bucket elevator 7 is promoted to top with ball material and foreign material, flow to shot-sand separator 8 by last cross bolts conveyer 6, after shot-sand separator 8 is handled, dust and foreign material separate with good ball material, good ball material enters hopper 83 and stores, and treats to use for impeller head 31.
Described shot-blast cleaning machine also comprises pneumatic automatic ball material controller (not shown), compressed air with air compressor is power, described pneumatic automatic ball material controller is installed in respectively on 12 stream ball mouths and by cylinder and electrically-controlled valve and realizes when rapidoprint enters and leave the ball blast district entering the control of impeller head ball materials flow amount, compact conformation, flexible movements.Abrasion-resistant stee silk gum pipe is adopted in the conveying of ball material between ball material controller and the impeller head.
In the course of the work, the suspension hook induction system be with work piece hoisting on the suspension hook and be positioned on the conveying carrier, by electric block workpiece is fed forward, when workpiece entered super shot blasting cleaning chamber, impeller head began sequential working.Through after the Shot Blasting, the oxide skin of surface of the work, dirt and other attachment are cleaned out.May there be the impelling blind area of local area in the difference of each workpiece shape of this external cause in automatic ball blast process, the ball that also must manually fill spray is cleaned out before will being attached to workpiece cavity, lip-deep steel sand, dust japanning.Surface treated can reach the Sa2-2.5 level.The working method of shot-blasting machine is that continuously circulation is carried out, and after the ball blast time reached requirement, impeller head quit work automatically.
More than be illustrative to description of the present utility model; and it is nonrestrictive; those skilled in the art is understood, and can carry out many modifications, variation or equivalence to it within spirit that claim limits and scope, but they will fall in the protection domain of the present utility model all.

Claims (10)

  1. A suspension hook through type throw, pneumatic shot blast machine, it is characterized in that, comprising:
    Super shot blasting cleaning chamber is equipped with many impeller heads on its outer wall;
    The cleaning chamber that manually fills spray, it is located at the downstream of super shot blasting cleaning chamber, is provided with wheel abrator in the described cleaning chamber that manually fills spray;
    Suspension hook;
    The annular hanger rail;
    Electric block, described suspension hook is driven so that this suspension hook is advanced and lifting on this annular hanger rail by this electric block;
    Following longitudinal spiral conveyer, the one end is connected with the ball material outlet of super shot blasting cleaning chamber;
    Following horizontal conveying worm, the one end is connected with the other end of following longitudinal spiral conveyer;
    Bucket elevator, it has feeding mouth and discharging opening, and this feeding mouth is connected with the other end of following horizontal conveying worm;
    Go up horizontal conveying worm, the one end is connected with the discharging opening of bucket elevator;
    Shot-sand separator, it has the Disengagement zone and the mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, and this Disengagement zone is connected with the other end of last horizontal conveying worm; And
    Deduster, its with shot-sand separator give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful and super shot blasting cleaning chamber is connected.
  2. 2. suspension hook through type according to claim 1 is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, it is characterized in that, 12 impeller heads are installed on the outer wall of described super shot blasting cleaning chamber, described 12 impeller heads divide each 4 up and down, about each 2 tablecloth put.
  3. 3. suspension hook through type according to claim 1 is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, it is characterized in that, described super shot blasting cleaning chamber is the multicell assembly, form by main chamber's body and concubine body, described impeller head is arranged on the outer wall of main chamber's body, the both sides, front and back of main chamber's body are the concubine body, the concubine body be the closed chamber body and in be provided with steel plate and multilayer rubber curtain and shield.
  4. 4. suspension hook through type according to claim 1 is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, it is characterized in that described impeller head comprises: impeller, motor, shot wheel, orienting cover, blade, lead ball pipe and guard shield; Described orienting cover is fixed in the guard shield and has a window; The internal fixation of orienting cover is equipped with shot wheel, has an inlet and four windows on the described shot wheel; Describedly lead the side that the ball pipe is positioned at guard shield, and an end of leading the ball pipe is connected with this inlet of shot wheel, the other end of leading the ball pipe connects for the ball system; The opposite side of described guard shield is equipped with impeller, and a plurality of blades are installed on the described impeller, and blade is distributed in the periphery of orienting cover; Impeller is connected with the output shaft of motor, and by this impeller rotation of Motor Drive.
  5. 5. suspension hook through type according to claim 4 is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, it is characterized in that described impeller is connected by conjoint disk with the output shaft of motor, and seal disc also is installed between conjoint disk and the motor; The wear plate that is used to prevent ball blast excessive damage guard shield also is installed in the described guard shield, and wear plate comprises the top backplate that is positioned at the guard shield inside top, be positioned at the side guard plate of the inboard side of guard shield and be positioned at the end face protective plate of guard shield inner side end.
  6. 6. suspension hook through type according to claim 1 is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, it is characterized in that described bucket elevator also comprises: housing, belt, ball hopper, active roller, return idler, belt stretcher and cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer; Described housing adopts segmented steel construction welding forming, and each coupled position is equipped with the sealing offset plate; Described cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer is installed in the top of housing, and it is connected with active roller, is used to drive active roller and rotates; Described active roller and return idler lay respectively at the above and below of enclosure interior, and connect by belt; A plurality of ball hoppers in the same direction are installed on the belt, and the default at interval each other distance of described ball hopper; Described belt stretcher is installed on the return idler; The feeding mouth of described bucket elevator is positioned at the bottom of housing, and the discharging opening of bucket elevator is positioned at the top of housing.
  7. 7. suspension hook through type according to claim 1 is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, it is characterized in that described shot-sand separator comprises: Disengagement zone, hopper, give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth and stream ball mouth; A described part that horizontal conveying worm is stretched out the Disengagement zone, upward on the shell of this extension of horizontal conveying worm charging aperture is installed, this charging aperture is connected with the discharging opening of bucket elevator, and described another part of horizontal conveying worm is positioned at the Disengagement zone; Described horizontal conveying worm is connected with the output of one speed reducer; A described end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth is connected with the Disengagement zone, and the transmission direction of the air port direction of the mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar and last horizontal conveying worm is perpendicular; The other end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful is connected with deduster; The below of described Disengagement zone is connected with hopper, and 12 stream ball mouths are arranged at the hopper bottom.
  8. 8. suspension hook through type according to claim 1 is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, it is characterized in that described deduster comprises: pulse control valve, access door, the mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, filter cylinder, ash storage box, muffler, blower fan, dirt pocket body; Described pulse control valve and access door are positioned at a side of dirt pocket body; Blower fan is connected with the dirt pocket body by airduct, and is connected with muffler on the blower fan; Filter cylinder is positioned at the inside of dirt pocket body; The mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar is positioned at the opposite side of dirt pocket body, and a described end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful is connected with the dirt pocket body, and give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth and the super shot blasting cleaning chamber of the other end and shot-sand separator are connected; Ash storage box is positioned at the bottom of dirt pocket body.
  9. 9. suspension hook through type according to claim 1 is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, it is characterized in that, also include inspection platform, the welding of the hopper of described inspection platform and shot-sand separator, inspection platform are used to support the hopper of shot-sand separator and last horizontal conveying worm so that the top of maintenance shot-sand separator and bucket elevator.
  10. 10. suspension hook through type according to claim 7 is thrown, pneumatic shot blast machine, it is characterized in that also comprise pneumatic automatic ball material controller, it is installed on the described stream ball mouth.
CN2011200737965U 2011-03-18 2011-03-18 Hanger-passing type (pneumatic) shot blast machine Expired - Fee Related CN202079505U (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200737965U CN202079505U (en) 2011-03-18 2011-03-18 Hanger-passing type (pneumatic) shot blast machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108145614A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-06-12 李国强 A kind of suspension hook shot-blast cleaning machine
CN109318134A (en) * 2017-07-31 2019-02-12 青岛东骐林电器有限公司 A kind of heavy section throwing pneumatic shot blast machine intelligence control system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109318134A (en) * 2017-07-31 2019-02-12 青岛东骐林电器有限公司 A kind of heavy section throwing pneumatic shot blast machine intelligence control system
CN108145614A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-06-12 李国强 A kind of suspension hook shot-blast cleaning machine

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Owner name: JIANGSU LONGCHENG CASTING MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY CO.

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Address after: 224113 Dalong Industrial Zone Dafeng City Jiangsu province Yancheng City

Patentee after: Jiangsu Longcheng Casting Machinery Technology Co., Ltd.

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Patentee before: Dafeng Longcheng Machinery or Mechanical Co., Ltd.

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Granted publication date: 20111221

Termination date: 20150318