CN102632462A - Hook reciprocating abrator - Google Patents

Hook reciprocating abrator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102632462A
CN102632462A CN2011100668160A CN201110066816A CN102632462A CN 102632462 A CN102632462 A CN 102632462A CN 2011100668160 A CN2011100668160 A CN 2011100668160A CN 201110066816 A CN201110066816 A CN 201110066816A CN 102632462 A CN102632462 A CN 102632462A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shot
ball
suspension hook
impeller
dinner
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Pending
Application number
CN2011100668160A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
江兴平
倪文龙
胡兆存
吴恒荣
束长宁
王玮
胡成
黄辉
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JIANGSU LONGCHENG CASTING MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JIANGSU LONGCHENG CASTING MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Application filed by JIANGSU LONGCHENG CASTING MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical JIANGSU LONGCHENG CASTING MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011100668160A priority Critical patent/CN102632462A/en
Publication of CN102632462A publication Critical patent/CN102632462A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a hook reciprocating abrator. The hook reciprocating abrator is characterized in that a shot blasting cleaning chamber is provided with impeller heads, and a hook delivery system comprises a hook and a hanger rail; the hook is driven by an electric hoist to move and lift on the hanger rail, and a lower longitudinal spiral conveyer and a lower longitudinal spiral conveyer are successively connected with the pill material outlet of the shot blasting cleaning chamber; a bucket type elevator is provided with a material inlet and a discharge port, the material inlet is connected with the lower transverse spiral conveyer, and the upper transverse spiral conveyer is connected with the discharge port; and a pill sand segregator is provided with a separation area and an air receiving port, and the separation area is connected with the other end of the upper transverse spiral conveyer, and the hook reciprocating abrator comprises a duster which is connected with the air receiving port of the pill sand segregator. The hook reciprocating abrator provided by the invention can perform strong ball blast on the surface of a material positioned in an initial state, so as to eliminate rusty stain, rusty scale, welding slag and scale cinder on the surface of the material; and a uniform concurrent metallic lustre surface which has certain smooth finish is obtained, stress is eliminated, and the surface finishing quality and corrosion resistance property of the material are improved.

Description

Suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shot-blast apparatus, particularly a kind of suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine.
Background technology
Shot-blasting machine (shot blasting machine), the impeller blasting equipment of cast(ing) surface is cleared up or strengthened to the high speed bullet that utilizes impeller head to dish out.The ball blast function is carried out knockout to foundry goods simultaneously and is decored and clear up.
Shot-blast apparatus at first is applied to the surperficial scab of foundry industry cast steel, ironcasting and the removing of oxide skin.Nearly all steel-casting, grey foundry goods, malleable iron component, magnesium iron spare etc. all will carry out Shot Blasting.This is not only in order to remove cast(ing) surface oxide skin and scab; It simultaneously also is indispensable preparatory process before the casting quality inspection; Such as large-scale gas-turbine casing carrying out carrying out strict throwing blast cleaning before the nondestructive inspection, to guarantee the reliability of result of detection.In general castings production, throw blast cleaning and be the requisite process means of finding casting surface defect such as subcutaneous blowhole, cinder hole and scab, cold shut, peeling etc.Non-ferrous casting; Removing surface like aluminium alloy, copper alloy etc.; Except that the blemish of descaling, discovery foundry goods, main purpose is to remove the burr and the surface quality that obtains to have the decoration meaning of die casting, acquisition resultant effect to throw shot-peening.
Theoretical according to modern metal strength, the dislocation density of increase metal inside is the main direction that improves metal strength.Facts have proved that ball blast is the effective process that increases the metal dislocation structure.This can not or realize through transformation hardening (like marquench etc.) requiring the more further workpiece of reinforcement on the basis of transformation hardening to some metals, has more crucial meaning.Parts such as aviation, aerospace industry, automobile, tractor require lighting, but reliability requirement is increasingly high, and its important process measure is exactly to adopt to throw intensity and the fatigue strength that shot-blast process improves member.
In view of this, the artificial deficiency that solves in the existing ball blast technology of design of the present invention, based on the research and development of association area, and through constantly test and improvement, and then generation of the present invention is arranged.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine; It imposes powerful ball blast to material surface in a state of nature; Remove its lip-deep rust staining, rusty scale, welding slag and oxide skin; Make it to obtain to have the metal glossy surface of the uniformity of certain fineness,, improve the surface finish quality and the corrosion resistance of material so that remove stress.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention provides a kind of suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine, and it comprises:
Super shot blasting cleaning chamber is equipped with many impeller heads on its outer wall;
The suspension hook induction system, it comprises suspension hook and hanger rail, and said suspension hook is driven so that suspension hook is advanced on hanger rail and gone up and down by an electric block;
Following longitudinal spiral conveyer, the one of which end is connected with the ball material outlet of super shot blasting cleaning chamber;
Following horizontal conveying worm, the one of which end is connected with the other end of following longitudinal spiral conveyer;
Bucket elevator, it has feeding mouth and discharging opening, and this feeding mouth is connected with the other end of following horizontal conveying worm;
Go up horizontal conveying worm, the one of which end is connected with the discharging opening of bucket elevator;
Shot-sand separator, it has the Disengagement zone and gives a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth, and this Disengagement zone is connected with the other end of last horizontal conveying worm; And
Deduster, its with shot-sand separator give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful and super shot blasting cleaning chamber is connected.
Described suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine wherein, is equipped with 6 impeller heads on the outer wall of described super shot blasting cleaning chamber, each 3 tablecloth was put about described 6 impeller heads divided.
Described suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine; Wherein, Described super shot blasting cleaning chamber is the multicell assembly, is made up of main chamber's body and concubine body, and described impeller head is arranged on the outer wall of main chamber's body; The both sides, front and back of main chamber's body are the concubine body, the concubine body be the closed chamber body and in be provided with steel plate and multilayer rubber curtain and shield.
Described suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine, wherein, described impeller head comprises: impeller, motor, shot wheel, orienting cover, blade, lead ball pipe and guard shield; Said orienting cover is fixed in the guard shield and has a window; The internal fixation of orienting cover is equipped with shot wheel, has an inlet and four windows on the said shot wheel; Saidly lead the side that the ball pipe is positioned at guard shield, and an end of leading the ball pipe is connected with this inlet of shot wheel, the other end of leading the ball pipe connects the ball system that supplies; The opposite side of said guard shield is equipped with impeller, and a plurality of blades are installed on the said impeller, and blade is distributed in the periphery of orienting cover; Impeller is connected with the output shaft of motor, and by this impeller rotation of motor driven.
Described suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine, wherein, described impeller is connected through conjoint disk with the output shaft of motor, and seal disc also is installed between conjoint disk and the motor; The wear plate that is used to prevent ball blast excessive damage guard shield also is installed in the said guard shield, and wear plate comprises the top backplate that is positioned at the guard shield inside top, be positioned at the side guard plate of the inboard side of guard shield and be positioned at the end face protective plate of guard shield inner side end.
Described suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine, wherein, described bucket elevator also comprises: housing, belt, ball hopper, active roller, return idler, belt stretcher and cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer; Said housing adopts segmented steel construction welding forming, and each coupled position is equipped with the sealing offset plate; Described cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer is installed in the top of housing, and it is connected with active roller, is used to drive active roller and rotates; Described active roller and return idler lay respectively at the above and below of enclosure interior, and connect through belt; A plurality of ball hoppers in the same direction are installed on the belt, and the preset at interval each other distance of said ball hopper; Described belt stretcher is installed on the return idler; The feeding mouth of said bucket elevator is positioned at the bottom of housing, and the discharging opening of bucket elevator is positioned at the top of housing.
Described suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine, wherein, described shot-sand separator comprises: Disengagement zone, hopper, give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth and stream ball mouth; A said part that horizontal conveying worm is stretched out the Disengagement zone; Upward on the shell of this extension of horizontal conveying worm charging aperture is installed; This charging aperture is connected with the discharging opening of bucket elevator, and said another part of horizontal conveying worm is positioned at the Disengagement zone; Described horizontal conveying worm is connected with the output of one speed reducer; A described end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth is connected with the Disengagement zone, and the transmission direction of the air port direction of the mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar and last horizontal conveying worm is perpendicular; The other end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful is connected with deduster; The below of said Disengagement zone is connected with hopper, and 6 stream ball mouths are arranged at the hopper bottom.
Described suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine, wherein, described deduster comprises: pulse control valve, access door, the mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, filter cylinder, ash storage box, muffler, blower fan, dirt pocket body; Said pulse control valve and access door are positioned at a side of dirt pocket body; Blower fan is connected with the dirt pocket body through airduct, and is connected with muffler on the blower fan; Filter cylinder is positioned at the inside of dirt pocket body; The mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar is positioned at the opposite side of dirt pocket body, and a said end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful is connected with the dirt pocket body, and give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth and the super shot blasting cleaning chamber of the other end and shot-sand separator are connected; Ash storage box is positioned at the bottom of dirt pocket body.
Described suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine wherein, also comprises pneumatic automatic ball material controller, and it is installed on the described stream ball mouth.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: it can impose powerful ball blast to material surface in a state of nature; Remove its lip-deep rust staining, rusty scale, welding slag and oxide skin; Make it to obtain to have the metal glossy surface of the uniformity of certain fineness; So that removal stress, the surface finish quality and the corrosion resistance of raising material.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of a kind of suspension hook reciprocation type of the present invention shot-blast cleaning machine;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of a kind of suspension hook reciprocation type of the present invention shot-blast cleaning machine;
Fig. 3 is the side view of a kind of suspension hook reciprocation type of the present invention shot-blast cleaning machine;
Fig. 4 is the front view of impeller head;
Fig. 5 is the side view of impeller head;
Fig. 6 is the front view of bucket elevator
Fig. 7 is the side view of bucket elevator;
Fig. 8 is the front view of shot-sand separator;
Fig. 9 is the vertical view of shot-sand separator;
Figure 10 is the side view of shot-sand separator;
Figure 11 is the front view of deduster;
Figure 12 is the vertical view of deduster;
Figure 13 is the side view of deduster.
Description of reference numerals: 1-suspension hook induction system; The 11-suspension hook; The 12-hanger rail; The 13-electric block; The 3-super shot blasting cleaning chamber; The 31-impeller head; The 311-impeller; The 312-conjoint disk; The 3121-seal disc; The 313-motor; The 314-shot wheel; The 315-orienting cover; The 316-blade; 317-leads the ball pipe; 3181-top backplate; The 3182-side guard plate; 3183-end face protective plate; The 319-guard shield; Longitudinal spiral conveyer under the 4-; Horizontal conveying worm under the 5-; The last horizontal conveying worm of 6-; The 7-bucket elevator; The 71-housing; The 72-belt; 73-ball hopper; The 74-active roller; The 75-return idler; The 76-belt stretcher; The 77-cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer; The 78-feeding mouth; The 79-discharging opening; The 8-shot-sand separator; The 81-conveying worm; The 82-Disengagement zone; The 83-hopper; The 84-mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar; 85-stream ball mouth; The 86-decelerator; The 87-charging aperture; The 10-deduster; 101-pulse control valve; The 102-access door; The 103-mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar; The 104-filter cylinder; The 105-ash storage box; The 106-muffler; The 107-blower fan; 108-dirt pocket body.
The specific embodiment
About the present invention is the application target that reaches above-mentioned and effect and the technological means that adopted, enumerate preferable feasible embodiment, and shown in the conjunction with figs., details are as follows at present:
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, be respectively front view, vertical view and the side view of a kind of suspension hook reciprocation type of the present invention shot-blast cleaning machine.Wherein, described suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine mainly comprises: suspension hook induction system 1, super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3, time longitudinal spiral conveyer 4, down horizontal conveying worm 5, last horizontal conveying worm 6 (see figure 8)s, bucket elevator 7, shot-sand separator 8 and deduster 10.
Described suspension hook induction system 1 is used to carry processing work, and it comprises suspension hook 11, hanger rail 12 and electric block 13.Wherein, said suspension hook 11 is driven by this electric block 13, thereby control suspension hook 11 is advanced on hanger rail 12 and gone up and down.Suspension hook 11 is taked special, wear-resistant cast iron sheath, thereby reduces the wearing and tearing of ball blast to suspension hook 11.Described suspension hook induction system 1 can frequency control, and can positive and negatively move stable drive.According to the cleaning effect of workpiece, can adjust the speed of induction system during use, by the adjustment of walking unhurriedly extremely at a high speed at a slow speed, with cleaning effect and the good economic that reaches high-quality.
Combine Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5 again; Many impeller heads 31 are installed on the outer wall of described super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3; Be 6 impeller heads 31 in the present embodiment; Described 6 impeller heads are each 3 reasonable Arrangement about 31 minutes, and the outer wall of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 is provided with several holes that supplies ball blast to pass, and makes ball blast to clear up the surface of workpiece from all angles.Described impeller head 31 comprises: impeller 311, conjoint disk 312, motor 313, shot wheel 314, orienting cover 315, blade 316, lead members such as ball pipe 317, wear plate (3181,3182,3183), guard shield 319.Said orienting cover 315 is fixed in the guard shield 319, and it has a window, and can adjust the direction of this window through adjustment orienting cover 315.The internal fixation of orienting cover 315 is equipped with shot wheel 314.Have an inlet and four windows on the said shot wheel 314.Saidly lead the side that ball pipe 317 is positioned at guard shield 319, and an end of leading ball pipe 317 is connected with this inlet of shot wheel 314, the other end connects and supplies ball system (not shown), wherein, supplies to be provided with in the ball system and supplies the ball lock, in order to regulating the ball blast flow, and is convenient to maintenance.The opposite side of said guard shield 319 is equipped with impeller 311, and a plurality of blades 316 are installed on the said impeller 311, and blade 316 is distributed in the periphery of orienting cover 315.Impeller 311 is connected through conjoint disk 312 with the output shaft of motor 313, and drives this impeller 311 rotations by motor 313.In addition, between conjoint disk 312 and motor 313, seal disc 3121 is installed also.The wear plate that is used to prevent ball blast excessive damage guard shield 319 also is installed in said guard shield 319, and wear plate comprises the top backplate 3181 that is positioned at guard shield 319 inside top, be positioned at the side guard plate 3182 of guard shield 319 inboard sides and be positioned at the end face protective plate 3183 of guard shield 319 inner side ends.During work, bullet rolls in the shot wheel 314 by leading ball pipe 317, and preaceleration is after orienting cover 315 presets the window of direction dishes out, and blade 316 continues its acceleration, and then the adjustment impelling reaches powerful strike the on the workpiece, to reach the purpose of cleaning.That described impeller head 31 has is simple in structure, easy to maintenance, advantage such as little takes up room; Blade 316 does not need any clamps such as screw, pin, Spring Card; But blade 316 is inserted in the impeller groove (not shown) from impeller 311 centers; Rotary when impeller 311, rely on the centrifugal force of blade 316 generations and the boss structure on the blade 316 to fix.
Described super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 is the multicell assembly; Form by main chamber's body 32 and concubine body 33; Wherein above-mentioned impeller head 31 is arranged on the outer wall of main chamber's body 32; The both sides, front and back of main chamber's body 32 are concubine body 33, concubine body 33 be the closed chamber body and in be provided with the shielding of steel plate and multilayer rubber curtain, fly to prevent the bullet unrest.In the super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 certain negative pressure is arranged simultaneously, prevent that dust from escaping.Be provided with the wear resistant cast iron steel plate in the described super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3, avoid wearing and tearing, prolong chamber body service life more than tens of times with protection chamber body wall plate; Can utilize simultaneously the reflection function of bullet, the strike surface of the work that remains valid improves cleaning quality and cleaning efficiency, on cleaning taper collection ball bucket, net is housed, and to intercept foreign material, the protection conveying worm is convenient to maintenance personal's maintenance.Shot blast room body inner casing adopts wear-resisting bag casting nut to hide and bolt, and the protection screw is not damaged, and disassembling, assembling and replacing is convenient.In addition, fly out, be provided with protector in the super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 for preventing bullet.
Described following longitudinal spiral conveyer 4, down horizontal conveying worm 5, last horizontal conveying worm 6 are made up of mandrel, helical blade, end axle, end plate, rolling bearing units, dust guard, cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer and various securing member respectively.Because the structure of the conveying worm here is a common practise, so repeat no more.The ball material outlet of said super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 is connected with following horizontal conveying worm 5 with following longitudinal spiral conveyer 4 successively.Wherein, the ball material through impeller head 31 enters into bucket elevator 7 through the transportation of following longitudinal spiral conveyer 4 and following horizontal conveying worm 5 successively.
Fig. 6 and shown in Figure 7 for another example, described bucket elevator 7 comprises: housing 71, belt 72, ball hopper 73, active roller 74, return idler 75, belt stretcher 76, cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer 77, feeding mouth 78 and discharging opening 79.
The housing 71 of described bucket elevator 7 adopts segmented steel construction welding forming, and each coupled position is equipped with the sealing offset plate, prevents the leakage of dust and ball material.Described cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer 77 is installed in the top of housing 71, and it is connected with active roller 74, is used to drive active roller 74 and rotates.Described active roller 74 lays respectively at the above and below of housing 71 inside with return idler 75, and passes through belt 72 connections.A plurality of ball hoppers 73 in the same direction are installed on the belt 72, and described ball hopper 73 can be the dark bucket of cylindrical bottom, shallow bucket or pointed shape bucket, and the preset at interval each other distance of said ball hopper 73.Described belt stretcher 76 is installed on the return idler 75, to guarantee the tensioning of elevator belt appropriateness.Said feeding mouth 78 is positioned at the bottom of housing 71 and is connected with following horizontal conveying worm 5, and discharging opening 79 is positioned at the top of housing 71.
The blanking form of bucket elevator 7 adopts the centrifugal gravity formula ball that falls.The ball dirt mixture of super shot blasting cleaning chamber 3 is risen to the top of bucket elevator 7, see off by discharging opening 79 again.
Like Fig. 8, Fig. 9 and Figure 10, be respectively front view, vertical view and the side view of a kind of shot-sand separator of the present invention.Wherein, described shot-sand separator 8 is to adopt BE type curtain-type structure, and it mainly comprises: Disengagement zone 82, hopper 83, give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth 84 and stream ball mouth 85.
Wherein, A said part that horizontal conveying worm 6 is stretched out Disengagement zone 82; Upward on the shell of this extension of horizontal conveying worm 6 charging aperture 87 is installed; This charging aperture 87 is connected with the discharging opening 79 of bucket elevator 7, and the pill-sand mixture of process bucket elevator 7 is entered in the shell of horizontal conveying worm 6 by this charging aperture 87; Said another part of horizontal conveying worm 6 is positioned at Disengagement zone 82, and described pill-sand mixture enters into Disengagement zone 82 through after the conveying of last horizontal conveying worm 6.
Described horizontal conveying worm 6 is connected with the output of one speed reducer 86, is used for driving going up horizontal conveying worm 6 to carry pill-sand mixture.
A described end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth 84 is connected with Disengagement zone 82, and the transmission direction of the air port direction of the mouth 84 of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar and last horizontal conveying worm 6 is perpendicular.Mouthfuls 84 the quantity of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar is at least one (being two in the present embodiment).The other end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful is connected with deduster.
The below of said Disengagement zone 82 is connected with hopper 83, and 6 stream ball mouths 85 are arranged at hopper 83 bottoms, are used for the qualified bullet of releasing pure.
In the course of work, pill-sand mixture in feeding laterally conveying worm 6 sent to Disengagement zone 82 uniformly, deduster mouthfuls 84 provides wind-force to Disengagement zone 82 through giving a dinner for a visitor from afar; Thereby the horizontal gas flow that forms uniform ball sand flow curtain and pass 4-5m/s carries out the ball sand separation; Bullet is different by its proportion with waste material, falls into passage separately respectively, and pure ball material falls into hopper 83; Supply impeller head to reuse through opening stream ball mouth 85 releasing pure ball material; Fine dust mouthfuls 84 is inhaled into deduster through giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, and the clean gas after the purified treatment is discharged in the air, the collection that is captured of particle dust.
Described pipeline junction of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth 84 and deduster also can be provided with air quantity regulator (not shown), through blast regulator is adjusted to suitable location, to obtain better ball sand separation effect.
Shot-sand separator of the present invention utilizes gravity selection by winnowing principle, and the bullet in the stream curtain is effectively separated with burning skin fragment, broken bullet and dust, and waste material is from mouthful outflow of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, and bullet gets into hopper and circulates.
To sum up, shot-sand separator of the present invention, good separating effect, after the separation, sand content<1% in the pure qualified bullet, qualified bullet amount<1% in the waste material, the separative efficiency of separator can reach 99%.
Described deduster 10, employing be LT-36 type pulse backblowing cleaning filter drum type precipitator, it comprises pulse control valve 101, access door 102, give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthfuls 103, filter cylinder 104, ash storage box 105, muffler 106, blower fan 107, dirt pocket body 108.Said pulse control valve 101 and access door 102 are positioned at a side of dirt pocket body 108.Blower fan 107 is connected with dirt pocket body 108 through airduct, and is connected with muffler 106 on the blower fan 107.Filter cylinder 104 is positioned at the inside of dirt pocket body 108.The mouth 103 of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar is positioned at the opposite side of dirt pocket body 108, and a said end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth 103 is connected with dirt pocket body 108, and the other end is connected with super shot blasting cleaning chamber with the mouth 84 of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar of shot-sand separator 8.Ash storage box 105 is positioned at the bottom of dirt pocket body 108.The LT-36 type pulse backblowing cleaning filter drum type precipitator that sophistication is made, volume is little, efficiency of dust collection is high, efficiency of dust filtration is 99%, and installation and maintenance are convenient.Be installed in outside the factory building, need not build in addition between dedusting, the dustiness in the dust pelletizing system cleaned air passes is significantly less than dust emission standard of the same trade.Dust sucting pipeline and dust discharge pipeline are coated with antirust paint by steel plate and angle steel manufacturing in the pipeline.
The dish out bullet that is scattered of impeller head 31 is delivered to bucket elevator 7 through longitudinal spiral conveyer 4 down and horizontal conveying worm 5 down successively; Bucket elevator 7 is promoted to top with ball material and foreign material; Flow to shot-sand separator 8 by last cross bolts conveyer 6, after shot-sand separator 8 was handled, dust separated with good ball material with foreign material; Good ball material gets into hopper 83 and stores, and waits to supply impeller head 31 to use.
Described shot-blast cleaning machine also comprises pneumatic automatic ball material controller (not shown); Compressed air with air compressor is power; Described pneumatic automatic ball material controller is installed in respectively on 6 stream ball mouths and through cylinder and electrically-controlled valve and realizes when rapidoprint gets into and leaves the ball blast district getting into the control of impeller head ball materials flow amount; Compact conformation, flexible movements.Abrasion-resistant stee silk gum pipe is adopted in the conveying of ball material between ball material controller and the impeller head.
In the course of the work, suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine is that workpiece is hung on hanger rail, and the suspension hook induction system is fed forward workpiece, and when workpiece got into super shot blasting cleaning chamber, impeller head began sequential working.Through after the Shot Blasting, the oxide skin of surface of the work, dirt and other attachment are cleaned out, and surface treated can reach the Sa2-2.5 level.The working method of shot-blasting machine is that continuously circulation is carried out, and after the ball blast time reached requirement, impeller head quit work automatically.
The above description of this invention is illustrative, and nonrestrictive, and those skilled in the art is understood, and within spirit that claim limits and scope, can carry out many modifications, variation or equivalence to it, but they will fall in protection scope of the present invention all.

Claims (9)

1. a suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine is characterized in that, comprising:
Super shot blasting cleaning chamber is equipped with many impeller heads on its outer wall;
The suspension hook induction system, it comprises suspension hook and hanger rail, and said suspension hook is driven so that suspension hook is advanced on hanger rail and gone up and down by an electric block;
Following longitudinal spiral conveyer, the one of which end is connected with the ball material outlet of super shot blasting cleaning chamber;
Following horizontal conveying worm, the one of which end is connected with the other end of following longitudinal spiral conveyer;
Bucket elevator, it has feeding mouth and discharging opening, and this feeding mouth is connected with the other end of following horizontal conveying worm;
Go up horizontal conveying worm, the one of which end is connected with the discharging opening of bucket elevator;
Shot-sand separator, it has the Disengagement zone and gives a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth, and this Disengagement zone is connected with the other end of last horizontal conveying worm; And
Deduster, its with shot-sand separator give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful and super shot blasting cleaning chamber is connected.
2. suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, 6 impeller heads are installed on the outer wall of described super shot blasting cleaning chamber, and each 3 tablecloth was put about described 6 impeller heads divided.
3. suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Described super shot blasting cleaning chamber is the multicell assembly, is made up of main chamber's body and concubine body, and described impeller head is arranged on the outer wall of main chamber's body; The both sides, front and back of main chamber's body are the concubine body, the concubine body be the closed chamber body and in be provided with steel plate and multilayer rubber curtain and shield.
4. suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that described impeller head comprises: impeller, motor, shot wheel, orienting cover, blade, lead ball pipe and guard shield; Said orienting cover is fixed in the guard shield and has a window; The internal fixation of orienting cover is equipped with shot wheel, has an inlet and four windows on the said shot wheel; Saidly lead the side that the ball pipe is positioned at guard shield, and an end of leading the ball pipe is connected with this inlet of shot wheel, the other end of leading the ball pipe connects the ball system that supplies; The opposite side of said guard shield is equipped with impeller, and a plurality of blades are installed on the said impeller, and blade is distributed in the periphery of orienting cover; Impeller is connected with the output shaft of motor, and by this impeller rotation of motor driven.
5. suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that described impeller is connected through conjoint disk with the output shaft of motor, and seal disc also is installed between conjoint disk and the motor; The wear plate that is used to prevent ball blast excessive damage guard shield also is installed in the said guard shield, and wear plate comprises the top backplate that is positioned at the guard shield inside top, be positioned at the side guard plate of the inboard side of guard shield and be positioned at the end face protective plate of guard shield inner side end.
6. suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that described bucket elevator also comprises: housing, belt, ball hopper, active roller, return idler, belt stretcher and cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer; Said housing adopts segmented steel construction welding forming, and each coupled position is equipped with the sealing offset plate; Described cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer is installed in the top of housing, and it is connected with active roller, is used to drive active roller and rotates; Described active roller and return idler lay respectively at the above and below of enclosure interior, and connect through belt; A plurality of ball hoppers in the same direction are installed on the belt, and the preset at interval each other distance of said ball hopper; Described belt stretcher is installed on the return idler; The feeding mouth of said bucket elevator is positioned at the bottom of housing, and the discharging opening of bucket elevator is positioned at the top of housing.
7. suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that described shot-sand separator comprises: Disengagement zone, hopper, give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth and stream ball mouth; A said part that horizontal conveying worm is stretched out the Disengagement zone; Upward on the shell of this extension of horizontal conveying worm charging aperture is installed; This charging aperture is connected with the discharging opening of bucket elevator, and said another part of horizontal conveying worm is positioned at the Disengagement zone; Described horizontal conveying worm is connected with the output of one speed reducer; A described end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth is connected with the Disengagement zone, and the transmission direction of the air port direction of the mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar and last horizontal conveying worm is perpendicular; The other end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful is connected with deduster; The below of said Disengagement zone is connected with hopper, and 6 stream ball mouths are arranged at the hopper bottom.
8. suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that described deduster comprises: pulse control valve, access door, the mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar, filter cylinder, ash storage box, muffler, blower fan, dirt pocket body; Said pulse control valve and access door are positioned at a side of dirt pocket body; Blower fan is connected with the dirt pocket body through airduct, and is connected with muffler on the blower fan; Filter cylinder is positioned at the inside of dirt pocket body; The mouth of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar is positioned at the opposite side of dirt pocket body, and a said end of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar mouthful is connected with the dirt pocket body, and give a dinner for a visitor from afar mouth and the super shot blasting cleaning chamber of the other end and shot-sand separator are connected; Ash storage box is positioned at the bottom of dirt pocket body.
9. suspension hook reciprocation type shot-blast cleaning machine according to claim 7 is characterized in that, also comprises pneumatic automatic ball material controller, and it is installed on the described stream ball mouth.
CN2011100668160A 2011-03-18 2011-03-18 Hook reciprocating abrator Pending CN102632462A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104354122A (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-02-18 无锡恒富科技有限公司 Steel shot hoisting belt
CN106312832A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-11 无锡华烨除锈涂装设备有限公司 Shot blasting technological process
CN111015522A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-17 芜湖鼎瀚再制造技术有限公司 Lifting hook shot blasting cleaning machine with point injection
CN113276028A (en) * 2021-07-21 2021-08-20 成都中挖智能科技有限公司 Conveying type shot blasting device for scarifier

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104354122A (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-02-18 无锡恒富科技有限公司 Steel shot hoisting belt
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CN111015522A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-17 芜湖鼎瀚再制造技术有限公司 Lifting hook shot blasting cleaning machine with point injection
CN113276028A (en) * 2021-07-21 2021-08-20 成都中挖智能科技有限公司 Conveying type shot blasting device for scarifier

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