CN201724537U - Poultry litter stirring and smashing mechanism - Google Patents

Poultry litter stirring and smashing mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201724537U
CN201724537U CN2010202677521U CN201020267752U CN201724537U CN 201724537 U CN201724537 U CN 201724537U CN 2010202677521 U CN2010202677521 U CN 2010202677521U CN 201020267752 U CN201020267752 U CN 201020267752U CN 201724537 U CN201724537 U CN 201724537U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brid guano
disintegrating
shaft
stirring
stirs
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010202677521U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱曲波
潘国政
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朱曲波
潘国政
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Priority to CN2010202677521U priority Critical patent/CN201724537U/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a poultry litter stirring and smashing mechanism, which comprises a long-cylinder-shaped shell body and a stirring motor, wherein, the shell body is internally equipped with a stirring shaft connected with the stirring motor; a stirring rod is arranged on the stirring shaft, and an air inlet is positioned on the end part of one side of the shell body. The side is connected with a feeding mechanism overhead. And the other side is equipped with an air outlet. The stirring rod can rotate with the stirring shaft to scatter and shatter poultry litter inside the shell body. The stirring and shattering mechanism of the utility model has the advantages of good shattering effect and high speed.

Description

Brid guano stirs disintegrating mechanism
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of poultry excrement drying device, and the brid guano in especially a kind of poultry excrement drying device stirs disintegrating mechanism.
Background technology
All can face one in the big machinery poultry-farm more wants problem promptly how to handle brid guano.According to statistics, a fowl is discharged on average about 100 grams of wet brid guano every day, and a mechanization poultry-farm that raises 300,000 fowl discharges wet brid guano every day and can reach 30 tons.A large amount of wet brid guanos provide hotbed not only for the growth of pathogeny bacterium and maggot, and the stench that gives out can make the laying rate of fowl descend.Traditional brid guano is handled, and is generally to be used for fertilizer, and its utilization rate is lower, and poultry farm master's interest is little, so a lot of poultry-farm can cause brid guano to pile up, its foul smell, waste water etc. can bring the serious environmental pollution problem.
Contemporary science discovers that fowl has the short characteristics of enteron aisle, and the feed that fowl is taken in does not have catapepsis and absorbs, and the nutrients that reaches as high as about 70% often is excreted with brid guano, so brid guano nutrient in the middle of all fowl and animal excrements is the highest.So at present, rise a kind of brid guano that adopts gradually and make the technology that feed is used to feed pigs, can reach the effect that turns waste into wealth.
Owing in the brid guano that general poultry-farm produces, contain the large quantity of moisture up to 80%, foul smell is heavier simultaneously, so when brid guano is used to make feed, generally all need to adopt drying equipment, dries, processing such as deodorizing.Also there are some poultry excrement drying devices in the prior art, for example a kind of horizontal oar blade type brid guano drying machine announced of China's patent No. 200420055080.2.Comprise horizontal dry bucket, the staving of horizontal dry bucket is a double-decker, has been full of circulation by oil-in and oil-out in the interlayer and has added deep fat; The top of horizontal dry bucket is provided with charging aperture, and the bottom is provided with discharging opening; Rotating shaft is installed on the central axis of horizontal dry bucket by bearing, and rotating shaft is provided with stirrer paddle, and an end of rotating shaft places outside the horizontal dry bucket and is provided with motor.It has with low cost, delicate structure, and simple operation and other advantages, a people can operate, and the scale that is particularly suitable for is used in 3000-5000 medium and small poultry-farm only.A kind of brid guano air-dry apparatus of being announced of China's patent No. 03203883.6 for another example, its conveyer belt initiating terminal is established feeding mouth, Leveling machine is located at nearly feeding mouth place, flat and the even shop of excrement material shovel can be distributed on the conveyer belt, beating crusher can be smashed the excrement material on the conveyer belt, stir, apparatus for drying is located at the conveyer belt rear, by heating, fan and air compartment are formed, its heating is established along each layer conveyer belt one bogie side frame, fan is laid on the wall of heating rear air compartment, can quicken to spread be distributed in conveyer belt apply manure to the fields the material air-dry effect, feed pipe one end stretches into the collecting region of excrement material, and feed pipe has screw rod, and the other end is established and is connected the packing outlet of container: it can be dry rapidly and uniformly with the excrement material, to reduce excrement material stink, the characteristics of being convenient to collect or carry out packing.Rate of drying is low, the characteristics of deodorizing effect difference but above-mentioned drying equipment all has.
So how to design the poultry excrement drying device of a kind of drying efficiency height, good deodorization effect, promptly becoming those skilled in the art has a difficult problem to be solved.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is, designs a kind of good crushing effect, brid guano that efficient is high stirs disintegrating mechanism, and stirs disintegrating mechanism based on this brid guano, can further obtain the poultry excrement drying device of a kind of drying efficiency height, good deodorization effect.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, adopted following technical scheme in the utility model:
A kind of brid guano stirs disintegrating mechanism, comprise: long barrel-type casing and stirring motor, enclosure interior has the shaft that links to each other with stirring motor, shaft is provided with puddler, one side end of housing is an air inlet, this side top links to each other with feeding mechanism, and the housing opposite side is provided with air outlet, and described puddler can be broken up, pulverize with the brid guano that shaft rotates and will enter in the housing.
When this device uses, brid guano enters enclosure interior from feeding mechanism, is in suspended state under distinguished and admirable effect, and the puddler that is rotated soon stirs, pulverizes, under distinguished and admirable effect, arrive air outlet and enter into next step handling process, have good crushing effect, characteristics that efficient is high.During enforcement, the air inlet place can connect a hot-blast stove provides hot blast, like this brid guano pulverized the back in enclosure interior under the hot blast effect, can remove moisture soon and decompose eliminate stink, make the brid guano that finally obtains have that drying effect is good, the advantage of no stink.
As optimization, described brid guano stirs in the long barrel-type casing of disintegrating mechanism has a cylindrical cavity, described shaft is positioned at place, cylindrical cavity axle center, also be set with several circular dividing plates on the described shaft, this circle dividing plate is divided into several chambers with described cylindrical cavity, all has puddler in each chamber; Described cylindrical cavity top also has a chamber passage arranged side by side, and the brid guano that enters enclosure interior can enter next chamber by chamber passage successively under distinguished and admirable effect.After optimizing like this, owing to had several chambers, and the chamber passage that is communicated with each chamber is positioned at the chamber top, so thinner in other words brid guano lighter in each chamber could enter into next chamber by chamber passage, avoid brid guano to stir not pulverized fully promptly as yet in the disintegrating mechanism and entered into next step flow process by pipeline at brid guano.As further optimization, corresponding each circular dividing plate place also is tiltedly installed with channel partition in the described chamber passage.After optimizing like this, when brid guano when a last chamber enters into next chamber, the dividing plate that heavier or thicker brid guano can be tilted blocks in the former chamber, can further guarantee the pulverized degree of brid guano, further guarantees and has improved brid guano rate of drying and deodorizing effect.Through experiment, when specifically implementing, when being set to 5, described chamber can make best results.
In the technique scheme, described feeding mechanism can adopt the common feeding mechanism that secluding air enters function that has, above stirring disintegrating mechanism housing end, a funnel is set directly at brid guano, the funnel bottom is provided with a rotating dividing plate, brid guano enters behind the funnel nature and the funnel lower end is blocked and then is avoided air to enter, and dividing plate can be controlled the brid guano addition.But also material must be transported to bell mouth place height earlier during the feeding mechanism charging of this routine, charging is inconvenience very.So the applicant has done following optimization to feeding mechanism, as optimization, described feeding mechanism comprises cylindrical shell and charging motor, described cylindrical shell one end upwards and with brid guano stirring disintegrating mechanism top joins, the other end downwards and be provided with loading hopper, cylindrical shell inside is provided with by the motor-driven rotating shaft of charging, and rotating shaft is provided with the helical blade that is used for rotary feeding.After optimizing like this, brid guano promotes charging secluding air better by helical blade, and the loading hopper height is low simultaneously can make that charging is convenient.
In sum, brid guano of the present utility model stirs disintegrating mechanism, has good crushing effect, advantage that speed is high.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that has adopted a kind of poultry excrement drying device of this brid guano grinder-mixer structure.
Fig. 2 is the structure enlarged diagram that independent this brid guano stirs disintegrating mechanism and feeding mechanism among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the A-A view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the independent structure enlarged diagram of knockout tower and discharging mechanism among Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the B-B view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the C-C view after Fig. 4 amplifies.
Fig. 7 is the structure enlarged diagram of independent dust collector among Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is the D-D view of Fig. 7.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with a kind of poultry excrement drying device that has adopted this brid guano to stir disintegrating mechanism, the utility model structure is described in further details.
During concrete enforcement, to shown in Figure 8, a kind of poultry excrement drying device comprises as Fig. 1:
Hot-blast stove 1, described hot-blast stove 1 has air inlet 2, combustion chamber 3 and air outlet 4, is used to provide hot blast;
Feeding mechanism, described feeding mechanism comprises cylindrical shell 5 and charging motor 6, described cylindrical shell 5 one ends upwards and with brid guano stirring disintegrating mechanism top join, the other end downwards and be provided with loading hopper 7, cylindrical shell 5 inside are provided with the rotating shaft 8 that is driven by charging motor 6, and rotating shaft 8 is provided with the helical blade 9 that is used for rotary feeding;
Brid guano stirs disintegrating mechanism, described brid guano stirs disintegrating mechanism and comprises long barrel-type casing 10 and stirring motor 11, has a cylindrical cavity in the described long barrel-type casing 10, has the shaft 12 that links to each other with stirring motor 11 in the inner chamber, described shaft 12 is positioned at place, cylindrical cavity axle center, shaft 12 is provided with puddler 13, one side end of housing 10 links to each other with hot-blast stove 1 air outlet 2, this side top links to each other with feeding mechanism, and puddler 13 can be broken up, pulverize with the brid guano that shaft 12 rotates and will enter in the housing 10; , also being set with four circular dividing plates 14 on the described shaft 12, this circle dividing plate 14 is divided into five chambers with described cylindrical cavity, all has puddler 13 in each chamber; Described cylindrical cavity top also has a chamber passage arranged side by side 16, the brid guano that enters housing 10 inside can enter next chamber successively by chamber passage 16, and corresponding each circular dividing plate 14 place also are tiltedly installed with channel partition 17 in the described chamber passage 16.
Knockout tower 18, described knockout tower is the conic tube of pointed end, knockout tower 18 charging apertures 19 are positioned at upper portion side wall and charging aperture is provided with direction and the sidewall circumference is tangent, knockout tower charging aperture 19 stirs disintegrating mechanism housing 10 other ends by pipeline 20 and brid guano and is communicated with, knockout tower 18 lower ends are discharging opening 21, and middle part, knockout tower 18 upper surfaces is provided with air outlet 22; Described knockout tower 18 and pipeline 20 appearances between knockout tower 18 and brid guano stirring disintegrating mechanism are provided with heat-insulation layer;
Discharging mechanism, described discharging mechanism are positioned at knockout tower 18 lower end discharging openings 21 places, are used for discharging and secluding air enters knockout tower; Described discharging mechanism comprises discharging motor 24 and rotating shaft 25, rotating shaft 25 horizontally sets also drive rotation by discharging motor 24, clockwise axle axially is provided with rectangular paddle 26 in the rotating shaft 25, rectangular paddle 26 is 25 circumferentially evenly distributions around the shaft, rectangular paddle 26 length and knockout tower discharging opening 21 length coupling, rectangular paddle 26 external diameters and knockout tower discharging opening 21 width coupling during rotating shaft 25 rotations;
Blower fan 27, described blower fan 27 are arranged in the pipeline between knockout tower 18 and the dust collector 29, are used to produce along hot-blast stove, brid guano stir that disintegrating mechanism, knockout tower, dust collector direction flow distinguished and admirable and produce negative pressure;
Dust collector 29, described dust collector is the conic tube of pointed end, it is tangent that its air inlet 30 is positioned at upper portion side wall and air inlet direction and sidewall circumference, the dust collector air inlet is connected with the knockout tower air outlet by pipeline, center, dust collector upper surface is provided with wind pipe 31 straight up, and its bottom is provided with wicket 32.
During enforcement, described hot-blast stove air outlet 4 places are provided with the air door 34 that can twitch, described brid guano stirs disintegrating mechanism charging one end and also is provided with the temp probe 35 that detects the enclosure interior temperature, and described knockout tower lower end also is provided with the temp probe 36 that is used to detect drop temperature.
During this poultry excrement drying device work, blower fan is used for producing negative pressure and producing distinguished and admirable at feed end, can adopt coal in the Combustion of Hot Air Furnace chamber, to burn and high-temperature hot-air about 600 ℃ is provided, hot blast and brid guano enter enclosure interior from long barrel-type casing one end of brid guano stirring disintegrating mechanism together, puddler can rotate and apace brid guano be broken up with shaft, pulverize, the brid guano heating of high-temperature hot-air for pulverizing, stirring pulverizing, high-temperature hot-air and blower fan form under the comprehensive function of negative pressure, make that brid guano self temperature only needs to be warmed to about 75 ℃ by hot blast in housing, the moisture and the foul smell of brid guano the inside promptly are evaporated in the hot blast, drying efficiency improves greatly, and deodorizing wherein promptly is decomposed behind the foul smell molecule chance high-temperature hot-air.Brid guano stirs in the disintegrating mechanism at brid guano and enter into knockout tower along with high temperature is distinguished and admirable through pipeline after pulverizing, because the knockout tower charging aperture is provided with direction and the sidewall circumference is tangent, so the brid guano powder can produce vortex around the rotation of knockout tower inner chamber after flowing to knockout tower with the wind, the brid guano powder arrives vortex under centrifugal action outer and rotate gradually under the deadweight effect and pasting the knockout tower inwall, the distinguished and admirable air outlet of isolating behind the brid guano powder from middle part, knockout tower upper surface is discharged, and brid guano is from the lower end discharge hole for discharge.From the knockout tower air outlet go out distinguished and admirable through becoming malleation behind the blower fan, still be mingled with a small amount of brid guano dust at this moment distinguished and admirable, so being provided with dust collector once more carries out further dedusting, during work, distinguished and admirablely tangentially enter and form vortex from the dust collector air inlet along inwall, a spot of brid guano powder rotates to the vortex edge and falls gradually in distinguished and admirable under centrifugal force and deadweight effect, removed the distinguished and admirable of brid guano powder and discharged good dedusting effect from the wind pipe that is arranged at the dust collector upper surface straight up.After dust accumulation in dust collector lower end is more, can opens wicket and remove.
Can find out that from the course of work of this poultry excrement drying device the pulverizing of brid guano and preliminarily dried all stir the disintegrating mechanism the inside at brid guano of the present utility model and finish, this brid guano stirs disintegrating mechanism and has good crushing effect, advantage that speed is high.Simultaneously, it is fast that the also feasible poultry excrement drying device that obtains based on this brid guano stirring disintegrating mechanism has processing speed, and dehydrating effect is good, good deodorization effect keeps good nutrition, and bactericidal effect is good, advantages such as degree of grinding height and fineness are even, and be free from environmental pollution are particularly suitable for practicing in poultry-farm.It is worthy of note in addition, this poultry excrement drying device overall structure, and all the other element structures of poultry excrement drying device the inside, patent has been applied in application per capita separately individually, makes it obtain the better protection effect.

Claims (4)

1. a brid guano stirs disintegrating mechanism, comprise: long barrel-type casing and stirring motor, enclosure interior has the shaft that links to each other with stirring motor, shaft is provided with puddler, one side end of housing is an air inlet, this side top links to each other with feeding mechanism, and the housing opposite side is provided with air outlet, and described puddler can be broken up, pulverize with the brid guano that shaft rotates and will enter in the housing.
2. brid guano as claimed in claim 1 stirs disintegrating mechanism, it is characterized in that, described brid guano stirs in the long barrel-type casing of disintegrating mechanism has a cylindrical cavity, described shaft is positioned at place, cylindrical cavity axle center, also be set with several circular dividing plates on the described shaft, this circle dividing plate is divided into several chambers with described cylindrical cavity, all has puddler in each chamber; Described cylindrical cavity top also has a chamber passage arranged side by side, and the brid guano that enters enclosure interior can enter next chamber by chamber passage successively under distinguished and admirable effect.
3. brid guano as claimed in claim 2 stirs disintegrating mechanism, it is characterized in that, corresponding each circular dividing plate place also is tiltedly installed with channel partition in the described chamber passage.
4. brid guano as claimed in claim 1 stirs disintegrating mechanism, it is characterized in that, described feeding mechanism comprises cylindrical shell and charging motor, described cylindrical shell one end upwards and with brid guano stirring disintegrating mechanism top joins, the other end downwards and be provided with loading hopper, cylindrical shell inside is provided with by the motor-driven rotating shaft of charging, and rotating shaft is provided with the helical blade that is used for rotary feeding.
CN2010202677521U 2010-07-22 2010-07-22 Poultry litter stirring and smashing mechanism Expired - Fee Related CN201724537U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202677521U CN201724537U (en) 2010-07-22 2010-07-22 Poultry litter stirring and smashing mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202677521U CN201724537U (en) 2010-07-22 2010-07-22 Poultry litter stirring and smashing mechanism

Publications (1)

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CN201724537U true CN201724537U (en) 2011-01-26

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CN2010202677521U Expired - Fee Related CN201724537U (en) 2010-07-22 2010-07-22 Poultry litter stirring and smashing mechanism

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110357387A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-10-22 赵守良 A kind of organic fertilizer continuous drying overturning processing unit
CN111995439A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-11-27 南京茂泽新能源设备有限公司 Device and method for rapid fermentation treatment of livestock and poultry manure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110357387A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-10-22 赵守良 A kind of organic fertilizer continuous drying overturning processing unit
CN110357387B (en) * 2018-10-30 2020-11-24 温州宏量机械科技有限公司 Continuous drying and overturning treatment device for organic fertilizer
CN111995439A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-11-27 南京茂泽新能源设备有限公司 Device and method for rapid fermentation treatment of livestock and poultry manure

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110126

Termination date: 20130722

C17 Cessation of patent right