CN209680262U - Crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine and its automated production equipment - Google Patents

Crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine and its automated production equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209680262U
CN209680262U CN201920071500.2U CN201920071500U CN209680262U CN 209680262 U CN209680262 U CN 209680262U CN 201920071500 U CN201920071500 U CN 201920071500U CN 209680262 U CN209680262 U CN 209680262U
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Prior art keywords
crushing
wheel
cavity
integrated machine
dry dual
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CN201920071500.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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谭林立
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谭林立
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Priority to CN2018116378672 priority
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • B02C18/182Disc-shaped knives
    • B02C18/184Disc-shaped knives with peripherally arranged demountable cutting tips or elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • B02C18/2291Feed chute arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C25/00Control arrangements specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, and its automated production equipment, belong to crushing, drying device field, it is mainly used in the drying and crushing of powder, by realizing industrial automation production in main equipment crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, make material crushing or crushing and drying can individually or simultaneously crush and dry dual-purpose integrated machine in complete, material is dried in the thermal energy generated when the characteristic and crushing of temperature when the subatmospheric evaporation of material required temperature when due to taking full advantage of negative pressure evaporation, without any external heat source, therefore greatly reduce energy consumption and investment cost and operating cost.

Description

Crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine and its automated production equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to the crushing of powder and technical field of drying more particularly to a kind of crushing and dry dual-purpose one Machine and its automated production equipment.
Background technique
During existing power production, generally require successively sequentially to carry out powder respectively with drying and disintegrating apparatus Dry and pulverization process, not only equipment input cost is high in this way, but also the energy consumption of equipment operation and cost are also high, in addition also want volume Outer increase conveying mechanism conveys powder, and not only process is more but also time-consuming, effort in this way, increase enterprise production cost, Reduce the production efficiency of enterprise.
The disclosure of background above technology contents is only used for the design and technical solution that auxiliary understands the utility model, not The prior art for necessarily belonging to present patent application shows above content in the applying date of present patent application in no tangible proof In the case where having disclosed, above-mentioned background technique should not be taken to the novelty and creativeness of evaluation the application.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model proposes a kind of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine and its automatically Change production equipment, it is compact-sized, safe and reliable, and can be energy saving.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model uses following technical scheme:
One embodiment of the utility model discloses a kind of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, including complete machine base, drive Motivation structure, supporting mechanism, cavity, disintegrating mechanism, draft mechanism and air suction mechanism, wherein the driving mechanism and the support machine Structure is separately mounted on the complete machine base, the driving mechanism be separately connected the disintegrating mechanism and the draft mechanism with In respectively driving the disintegrating mechanism and the draft mechanism;The cavity is fixedly connected on the supporting mechanism, the chamber Be respectively equipped with feed inlet, discharge port, air inlet and air outlet on body, and the feed inlet, the discharge port, the air inlet and The air outlet is respectively correspondingly provided with valve, and the air suction mechanism is connected at the air outlet;The disintegrating mechanism and The draft mechanism is respectively set in the cavity, and is arranged between the feed inlet and the discharge port and/or institute It states between air inlet and the air outlet.
Preferably, the disintegrating mechanism includes at least one crushing wheel, at least one described crushing wheel is successively arranged in parallel Between the feed inlet and the discharge port and/or between the air inlet and the air outlet, and from the feed inlet to The side of the discharge port is to and/or from the air inlet to the direction of the air outlet, the diameter of crushing wheel described in the latter Greater than the diameter of the previous crushing wheel.
Preferably, the disintegrating mechanism further includes at least one regulating wheel, each regulating wheel respectively with it is each described The corresponding setting of crushing wheel, and each regulating wheel is located at the one of the close discharge port of the corresponding crushing wheel Side.
Preferably, the side from the feed inlet to the discharge port is to and/or from the air inlet to the air outlet On direction, the diameter of regulating wheel described in the latter is greater than the diameter of the previous regulating wheel.
Preferably, 6~12 the first blades, the end part of each first blade are evenly distributed on the crushing wheel It Zhuan You not dismountable Disintegrating knife;6~12 the second blades, each second blade are evenly distributed in the regulating wheel End be respectively provided with and dismountable adjust blade.
Preferably, the of the regulating wheel each of is arranged in the first blade of each crushing wheel corresponding thereto respectively It is described that the direction of two blades is reversed or each of the Disintegrating knife of each crushing wheel is arranged corresponding thereto respectively The direction of the adjusting blade of regulating wheel is reversed.
Preferably, the cavity includes at least one crushing chamber, and each crushing wheel is arranged in each correspondingly Side in the crushing chamber, and from the feed inlet to the discharge port is to and/or from the air inlet to the air outlet On direction, the volume of crushing chamber described in the latter is less than the volume of the previous crushing chamber.
Preferably, the cavity further includes at least one adjusting cavity, and each regulating wheel is arranged in every correspondingly In a adjusting cavity, the adjusting cavity be cone-shaped cavity, wherein from the feed inlet to the discharge port side to and/or from On the air inlet to the direction of the air outlet, the internal diameter of each adjusting cavity is gradually reduced, and is adjusted described in the latter The volume of chamber is less than the volume of the previous adjusting cavity.
Preferably, the draft mechanism includes fan blade, and the cavity includes fan blade chamber, and the fan blade is accordingly arranged Intracavitary in the fan blade, the fan blade chamber is spiral case cavity body structure, and going out for spiral case cavity body structure is arranged in the discharge port At mouthful, the air outlet is arranged on the side wall of spiral case cavity body structure.
One embodiment of the utility model discloses a kind of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated automated production equipment, packet Include crushing above-mentioned and dry dual-purpose integrated machine and feeding mechanism, receiving mechanism, at least one collecting mechanism, at least one Dedusting mechanism and at least one material conveying mechanism, the feeding mechanism are connected on the feed inlet, at least one described collection Material mechanism and at least one described dedusting mechanism are successively interconnected on after the discharge port, at least one described material conveying Mechanism be connected at least one described collecting mechanism and at least one dedusting mechanism outlet and the receiving mechanism Entrance between with for will treated that material is delivered in the receiving mechanism.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: crushing disclosed by the utility model and dry two With all-in-one machine, wherein feed inlet, discharge port, air inlet and the air outlet for being correspondingly provided with valve respectively are equipped on cavity, and It is also connected with setting air suction mechanism at air outlet, allows to utilize feed inlet, discharge port, air inlet and outlet, air suction mechanism It opens or closes and comes so that negative pressure state is formed in cavity, to make full use of evaporation material required temperature under negative pressure state to be lower than greatly Material is dried in the characteristic of temperature and the thermal energy by generating when disintegrating mechanism comminuting matter when air pressure is evaporated, without appointing What external heat source, to significantly reduce energy consumption and investment cost and operating cost.
In further embodiment, disintegrating mechanism includes at least one crushing wheel, and the diameter of every grade of crushing wheel is greater than upper one The diameter of grade crushing wheel, so that material respectively and in Disintegrating knife and cavity on the direction from feed inlet to discharge port in the cavity The collision level-one of wall is more abundant than level-one, so that material has one to heat up step by step and drying step by step in crushing chambers at different levels Process, so that material can according to need the demand of crushing and drying to select the disintegrating mechanism using what;Wherein crushing wheel The volume level-one for the crushing chamber being placed in is smaller than level-one, further the adequacy of enhancing collision, further increases crushing and drying Effect.Further, disintegrating mechanism further includes at least one regulating wheel, and every grade of regulating wheel, which respectively corresponds, is set to every grade of crushing The side of the discharge port of chamber can form back-blowing by the mutual operating of regulating wheel and crushing wheel so that material crushing or Person, which crushes and can keep off back when dry, to be continued to crush, and further increases the effect of crushing and drying;The wherein tune that regulating wheel is placed in It saves that chamber is pyramidal structure and volume level-one is smaller than level-one namely gap level-one between regulating wheel and adjusting cavity is smaller than level-one, makes It obtains fine powder and dry powder passes through, namely the fineness level-one of the material passed through is thinner than level-one, aridity level-one is drier than level-one, together When but also material on from feed inlet to discharge port direction the crushing of material and drying effect it is more and more abundant, that is, pass through adjusting cavity The classification of fineness and dry and wet is realized with regulating wheel, also further improves crushing and dry effect;By above-mentioned comprehensive characteristics, So as to form a complete crushing system and hierarchy system, crushing and drying are achieved the purpose that.
In further embodiment, fan blade is to provide air inducing in cavity, so that forming air-swirl, material energy in cavity Enough moments are involved in vortex, to realize being crushed and being dried one by one for material.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated industrial automation production procedure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine (Pyatyi) structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine (Pyatyi) crushing chamber structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine (level-one) structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 a, 5b, 5c are crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine crushing wheel structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 a, 6b, 6c are crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine regulating wheel structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 a, 7b, 7c, 7d are crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine wind impeller structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 a, 8b are crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine fan blade schematic diagram of housing structure.
Specific embodiment
Below against attached drawing and in conjunction with preferred embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.
The utility model discloses a kind of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine and its automated production equipment, belong to crushing, Drying device field is mainly used in the drying and crushing of powder, by real in main equipment crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine Existing industrial automation production, make material crushing or crushing and drying can individually or simultaneously crush and dry dual-purpose integrated machine in It completes, when due to taking full advantage of negative pressure evaporation when the subatmospheric evaporation of material required temperature when the characteristic and crushing of temperature Material is dried in the thermal energy of generation, is not necessarily to any external heat source, therefore greatly reduces energy consumption and cost of investment and fortune Row cost.
Such as Fig. 1, the preferred embodiment of the utility model provides a kind of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated industrial automation Production equipment, including crush and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3, feeding mechanism, receiving mechanism, at least one collecting mechanism, at least one A dedusting mechanism and at least one material conveying mechanism, feeding mechanism are connected to the feed inlet of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3 On, at least one collecting mechanism and at least one dedusting mechanism are successively interconnected on crushing and dry going out for dual-purpose integrated machine 3 After material mouth, at least one material conveying mechanism is connected to going out at least one collecting mechanism and at least one dedusting mechanism For material to be delivered in receiving mechanism between mouth and the entrance of receiving mechanism.Specifically, feeding mechanism includes feeding warehouse 1 With charger 2, receiving mechanism includes finished product silo 17, at least one collecting mechanism includes loading head 14-1 and loading head 14-2, At least one dedusting mechanism includes bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3, at least one material Conveying mechanism includes screw conveyor 15-1, screw conveyor 15-2 and elevator 16;Wherein feeding warehouse 1 and charger 2 are distinguished It is connected at the position of the feed inlet of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3, loading head 14-1, loading head 14-2 are connected to through pipeline After the discharge port of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3, bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18- 3 after pipeline and loading head 14-2, and screw conveyor 15-1 is arranged in loading head 14-1, loading head 14-2, bag filter The lower section of 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3, screw conveyor 15-2 are arranged in screw conveyor 15-1's Above the feed inlet of lower section and elevator 16, the discharge port of elevator 16 is arranged on finished product silo 17.
Material, which is quantitatively sent into from feeding warehouse 1 by charger 2, to be crushed and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3, according to material whether needs The dry air inlet valve 6 and air outlet for opening or closing suction ventilator (not shown) and crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3 Valve 8, material respectively enters loading head 14-1 through pipeline after crushing or crushing and dry and loading head 14-2 carries out gas, powder Separation, isolated air respectively enter bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3 again through pipeline Gas, powder separation are carried out, from loading head 14-1, loading head 14-2 and bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag-type dust The fine powder that device 18-3 is collected into enters elevator 16 through screw conveyor 15-1 and screw conveyor 15-2, is sent into finished cylinder Storehouse 17, the air after dust separation are discharged from bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3;Computer Automatic control system (not shown) completes the control of whole equipment automatic industrial production, realizes entire automated production.
It is described to crush and do in crushing provided by the utility model and dry dual-purpose integrated industrial automation production equipment 1,2,3,4,5 grade of dry dual-purpose integrated machine point, depending on product and material requirement.
In conjunction with Fig. 2 and Fig. 4, crushes and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3 includes complete machine base, driving mechanism, supporting mechanism, chamber Body, disintegrating mechanism, draft mechanism and air suction mechanism, wherein driving mechanism and supporting mechanism are separately mounted on complete machine base, are driven Motivation structure is separately connected disintegrating mechanism and draft mechanism for respectively driving disintegrating mechanism and draft mechanism;Cavity is fixedly connected Feed inlet, discharge port, air inlet and air outlet, and feed inlet, discharge port, air inlet are respectively equipped on supporting mechanism, on cavity Mouth and air outlet are respectively correspondingly provided with valve, and air suction mechanism is connected at air outlet;Disintegrating mechanism and draft mechanism difference Setting in the cavity, and is arranged between feed inlet and discharge port and between air inlet and air outlet.
Specifically, complete machine base includes complete machine base 19, and driving mechanism includes frequency control motor bracket 20, frequency control Motor 21, main shaft 29 and shaft coupling 30, supporting mechanism include two bearing brackets, 22, two bearing blocks 23, crush cavity shell Bracket 24, cavity includes the crushing chamber 4 being made of crushing cavity shell 25, the fan blade chamber 35 that is made of fan blade shell 26, powder Broken mechanism includes crushing wheel 11, regulating wheel 12, and draft mechanism includes fan blade 13, air suction mechanism include suction ventilator (in figure not Show), wherein for frequency control motor bracket 20 on the complete machine base 19 of discharge end, frequency control motor 21 is mounted on frequency conversion tune On speed motor bracket 20, two bearing brackets 22 are attached separately on the complete machine base of feed end 19 and fan blade shell 26 and become 19 on complete machine base between frequency modulation speed motor bracket 20, two bearing blocks 23 are attached separately on two bearing brackets 22, are crushed Cavity shell bracket 24 is between two bearing brackets 22, thereon equipped with crushing cavity shell 25 and fan blade shell 26;On cavity It is respectively equipped with feed inlet 27, discharge port 28, air inlet 5 and air outlet 7, and feed inlet 27, discharge port 28, air inlet 5 and outlet air Mouthfuls 7 are respectively correspondingly provided with feed inlet valve 9, discharge port 28, air inlet 5 and air outlet 7, wherein air inlet valve 6 and into Air port 5, feed inlet 27 are separately positioned on the side wall for crushing the feed end of cavity shell 25, and flange is housed on air inlet 5, can be natural Air inlet can also connect hot (cold) air hose and send hot (cold), feed inlet valve 9 be arranged in the lower section of charger 2 through feed pipe with into Material mouth 27 is connected, and air outlet valve 8 and air outlet 7 are arranged on the side wall of fan blade shell 26, discharge port 28 and discharge port valve Door 10 is on the top of fan blade shell 26;The both ends of main shaft 29 are attached separately on two bearing blocks 23, and wherein main shaft 29 passes through connection Axis device 30 is connected on frequency control motor 21, and crushing wheel 11, regulating wheel 12 and fan blade 13 are connected on main shaft 29, structure At starting and transmission system.
In the embodiment shown in Figure 2, crushing wheel 11 includes 1 grade of crushing wheel 11-1,2 grades of crushing wheel 11-2,3 grades of crushing wheels 11-3,4 grades of crushing wheel 11-4,5 grades of crushing wheel 11-5, crushing wheels at different levels are successively arranged in parallel in the feed end and discharge end of cavity Between, wherein 1 grade of 2 grades of crushing wheel 11-1 diameter <, 3 grades of crushing wheel 11-2 diameter < crushing wheel 11-3 diameter 4 grades of crushing wheel of < 5 grades of crushing wheel 11-5 diameters of 11-4 diameter <, i.e., on the direction from feed end to discharge end, the latter crushes wheel diameter than previous It is a big, in conjunction with Fig. 5 a~Fig. 5 c, six to 12 impellers are uniformly distributed on crushing wheel 11, each impeller end is equipped with detachable Disintegrating knife 31, Disintegrating knife 31 wear after can be easy to change;Regulating wheel 12 includes 1 grade of regulating wheel 12-1,2 grades of regulating wheels 12-2,3 grades of regulating wheel 12-3,4 grades of regulating wheel 12-4,5 grades of regulating wheel 12-5, every grade of regulating wheel are opposite with each crushing wheel respectively It should be arranged, and each regulating wheel is located at the side of the discharge end of corresponding crushing wheel, wherein 1 grade of regulating wheel 12-1 diameter < 2 grades of 3 grades of regulating wheel 12-2 diameter <, 4 grades of regulating wheel 12-3 diameter <, 5 grades of regulating wheel 12-5 diameters of regulating wheel 12-4 diameter <, i.e., On direction from feed end to discharge end, it is bigger than previous that the latter adjusts wheel diameter, in conjunction with Fig. 6 a~Fig. 6 c, in regulating wheel 12 Six to 12 impellers are uniformly distributed, each impeller end adjusts blade 32 equipped with dismountable, and replaceable can also be used to adjust Save back-blowing air quantity, product fineness, yield.Crushing wheel 11 and regulating wheel 12 are separately mounted on the main shaft 29 in crushing chamber 4, respectively Grade regulating wheel 12 is located at 11 discharge end side of crushing wheel, and the blade of tail portion or the direction of blade of crushing wheel and regulating wheel are set on the contrary It sets, to form back-blowing;In conjunction with Fig. 3, crushing chamber 4 includes 1 grade of crushing chamber 4-1,2 grades of crushing chamber 4-2,3 grades of crushing chamber 4-3,4 grades Crushing chamber 4-4,5 grades of crushing chamber 4-5, crushing wheels at different levels are arranged in correspondingly in crushing chambers at different levels, wherein 1 grade of crushing chamber 4- 13 grades of 2 grades of volume > crushing chamber 4-2 volume >, 4 grades of crushing chamber 4-3 volume >, 5 grades of crushing chamber 4-4 volume > crushing chamber 4-5 holds Product, i.e., the volume of crushing chamber is one smaller than one, and in the present embodiment, the radius of crushing chambers at different levels is identical, but width successively becomes It is small;With 1 grade of regulating wheel 12-1,2 grades of regulating wheel 12-2,3 grades of regulating wheel 12-3,4 grades of regulating wheel 12-4,5 grades of regulating wheel 12-5 phases Pair housing parts formed 1 grade of cone body 33-1,2 grades of cone body 33-2,3 grades of cone body 33-3,4 grades of cone body 33-4,5 grades cone Type body 33-5, wherein 1 grade of cone body 33-1 size <, 2 grades of 3 grades of cone body 33-2 size <, 4 grades of < of cone body 33-3 size cones Type body 33-4 size 5 grades of cone body 33-5 of <, i.e., the size of cone body one greatly than one, therefore regulating wheel 12 and cone body 33 Between gap it is one smaller than one;Wherein 1 grade of cone body 33-1,2 grades of cone body 33-2,3 grades of cone body 33-3,4 grades it is tapered Body 33-4,5 grades of cone body 33-5 correspond 1 grade of adjusting cavity, 2 grades of adjusting cavities, 3 grades of adjusting cavities, 4 grades of adjusting cavities, 5 grades of tune respectively It saves chamber namely 1 grade of 2 grades of adjusting cavity volume >, 3 grades of adjusting cavity volume >, 4 grades of adjusting cavity volume >, 5 grades of adjusting cavity volume > is adjusted Chamber, regulating wheels at different levels are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence respectively in adjusting cavities at different levels, and the direction from feed end to discharge end, each adjusting The internal diameter of chamber is gradually reduced to form cone body structure, wherein every grade of disintegrating area or crushing and dry section include corresponding crushing Wheel 11 and crushing chamber 4 and regulating wheel 12 and adjusting cavity (i.e. the cavity of the formation of cone body 33).
When material enters crushing chamber 4 through feed inlet 27, due to running at high speed for crushing wheel 11, formed in crushing chamber 4 empty Gas eddy stream, material moment are involved in vortex, start between material and the high velocity impact of material and Disintegrating knife 31 and crushing cavity wall, Because kinetic energy is converted into thermal energy, therefore start to be brought rapidly up in crushing chamber 4;There is cone body 33 by crushing chamber 4, collides broken material i.e. Cone body 33 is flowed to, and cone body 33 is provided with regulating wheel 12, since the operating of regulating wheel 12 forms back-blowing, by coarse powder (object When feed powder is broken) or coarse powder, wet-milling (crushing material and dry when) keep off back and continues to crush, fine powder (when crushing material) or fine powder are done Powder (when crushing material and drying) passes through, and into 2 grades of crushing chamber 4-2 and cone body 33-2, enters back into 3 grades of crushing chamber 4-3 With 3 grades of cone body 33-3 and 4 grades of crushing chamber 4-4 and 4 grades of cone body 33-4,5 grades of crushing chamber 4-5 and 5 grades of cone body 33-5, Due to crushing wheel 11, cone body 33, regulating wheel 12 size, 5 grades be greater than 4 grades, 4 grades be greater than 3 grades, 3 grades be greater than 2 grades, 2 grades are greater than 1 grade, therefore 5 grades of linear velocity of material operating are greater than 4 grades, 4 grades are greater than 3 grades, and 3 grades are greater than 2 grades, and 2 grades are greater than 1 grade, and cone body The another grade in gap between 33 and regulating wheel 12 is less than level-one, therefore the fineness level-one of the material passed through is thinner than level-one, from And a complete crushing system and hierarchy system are formd, achieve the purpose that crush;And it is also needed while crushing material When drying, since the volume level-one of crushing chamber 4 is less than level-one, but the size level-one of crushing wheel 11 is greater than level-one, therefore in powder The collision level-one between material and Disintegrating knife 31 and crushing cavity wall and material in broken chamber 4 is more abundant than level-one, therefore object Material has the process for heating up and drying step by step step by step in crushing chambers at different levels, and due to the crushing chamber 4 when material needs dry It is inside set as negative pressure state, and is provided with temperature sensor (not shown) and baroceptor (in figure not in crushing chamber Show), it can be at any time according to the temperature and air pressure the adjustment revolving speed of motor 21, the inlet amount of material, material feed inlet valve in crushing chamber Door 9 and the open and close of discharge port valve 10, the open and close of air inlet valve 6 and air outlet valve 8, suction ventilator (figure In do not show) open and close so that the drying of material reaches optimum state, and effectively avoid the danger of dust explosion Danger, if environment temperature is too low, temperature even if under negative pressure state in crushing chamber is not achieved what moisture evaporation in material needed When temperature, hot wind can also be connect from air inlet 5 and material is dried.
Fan blade 13 is located in the fan blade shell 26 on 12 discharge end main shaft of regulating wheel, combination Fig. 7 a~Fig. 7 d, wind Impeller 13 is straight-plate-type fan blade 13-A (crushing material use, as shown in Figure 7b) or internal-suction type fan blade 13-B (crushing material and It is dry to use, as shown in figure 7d), impeller end is equipped with fan blade adjustable plate 34, for adjusting air quantity, wind pressure, it is ensured that the stream of material Freely;In conjunction with Fig. 8 a~8b, fan blade shell 26 is volute body, is fan blade chamber 35 in shell, and material is axial into radially going out, out Material mouth 28 is radial;Fine powder after 5 grades crush or crush and dry enters the fan blade spiral case equipped with fan blade 13 Fine powder is sent out crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3 through discharge port 28 by body 26, and discharge port valve 10 is housed on discharge port 28, Adjust the air pressure in air quantity, wind pressure and crushing chamber 4 together in conjunction with the air outlet valve 8 on 26 side wall of fan blade volute body;Wherein Air outlet 7 is arranged on the side wall of fan blade volute body 26, and wherein the end of air outlet 7 is equipped with sieve, only mistake wind, but object Material.The fine powder and air sent out through discharge port 28 through pipeline respectively enter loading head 14-1 and loading head 14-2 carry out gas, Powder separation, isolated air respectively enter bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3 again through pipeline It is secondary to carry out gas, powder separation, it is removed from loading head 14-1, loading head 14-2 and bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, cloth bag The fine powder that dirt device 18-3 is collected into enters elevator 16 through screw conveyor 15-1 and screw conveyor 15-2, is sent into finished product Silo 17, the air after dust separation are discharged from bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3;Such as The fineness requirement and water content requirement of fruit material be not high, can take level-one, second level or three-level, level Four crushing or crushing and drying Mode, i.e., reduction one, two or three, four crushing chambers, crushing wheel, regulating wheel, cone bodies, reduce its crush or crush and Dry number, product can select different type groups by products material difference from 80 μm (180 mesh) -6.5 μm (2000 mesh) Knit production;Such as in embodiment shown in Fig. 4, crushing wheel 11, regulating wheel 12 are all provided only with one respectively, crush for level-one and dry Dry dual-purpose integrated machine, suitable for material fineness requirement and the not high material of water content requirement crushed and dried.
The crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated industrial automation production equipment provided according to the preferred embodiment in the utility model In, industrial automation is realized in main equipment crushing therein and dry dual-purpose integrated machine;The industrial step and technique of production method Parameter all with crush and dry dual-purpose integrated machine close match, main equipment crush and dry dual-purpose integrated machine in can pass through computer Control system realizes industrial automation production.
The crushing of the preferred embodiment in the utility model and dry dual-purpose integrated industrial automation production equipment can crush It is the organic and inorganic material of Mohs' hardness 1-8 degree with dry material, such as: coal, flyash, Shi Sha, river sand, slag, water Mud clinker, cement slurry, white clay, sludge, rare earth, china clay, kaolin, montmorillonite, talcum, quartz, lime stone, opal, Calcite etc., especially crush while also need dry moisture content high material such as: lignite, sludge, vinasse.
Another preferred embodiment of the utility model provides a kind of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated industrial automation is raw Production method, including the following steps:
1. material after coarse crushing and except iron from conveyer (not shown) be transported to crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine into Feed bin 1, material particular diameter≤3mm, material be Mohs' hardness 1-8 degree organic and inorganic material, such as: coal, flyash, Shi Sha, River sand, slag, clinker, cement slurry, white clay, sludge, rare earth, china clay, kaolin, montmorillonite, talcum, quartz, stone Lime stone, opal, calcite etc., especially crush while also need dry moisture content high material such as: lignite, dirt Mud, vinasse etc.;
2. material need to only crush, enter the crushing chamber 4 of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3 through charger 2 from feeding warehouse 1 The air inlet valve 6 for being crushed, while air inlet 5 being arranged is opened and the air outlet valve 8 of air outlet 7 is closed, and makes crushing chamber Air pressure it is identical as outside;
3. material needs to crush and is dry, the air inlet valve 6 of setting air inlet 5 is closed and the air outlet of air outlet 7 Valve 8 is opened and starts the suction ventilator (not shown) being connected with air outlet 7, and feed inlet valve 9 and discharge port valve is arranged Door 10 be intermittent unlatching, make crushing chamber 4 air pressure formed negative pressure state, material from feeding warehouse 1 through charger 2 enter crush and The crushing chamber 4 of dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3 is crushed, due to crushing chamber 4 and crushing wheel 11, regulating wheel 12, fan blade 13 it is only Ad hoc meter, material crush when material and Disintegrating knife 31, adjust blade 32 and crush cavity wall high velocity impact and material it Between a large amount of thermal energy for generating of high velocity impact be brought rapidly up crushing chamber 4, the temperature of crushing chamber 4 is according to the difference and ring of material Border temperature difference usually between 80-120 degrees Celsius, but only minority crushing material when can reach 100-120 degrees Celsius it Between, when most of crushing materials all between 80-100 degrees Celsius, it is not achieved the temperature that moisture evaporation needs in material, therefore The temperature of crushing chamber 4 needs to set negative pressure state for crushing chamber 4 when being between 80-100 degrees Celsius, needs using when negative pressure evaporation The characteristic of temperature, makes full use of the thermal energy of crushing chamber 4 that material is dried, is crushing when the temperature wanted subatmospheric evaporation It is intracavitary also to placed temperature sensor (not shown) and baroceptor (not shown), at any time according to the temperature in crushing chamber 4 Degree and air pressure adjust unlatching and the pass of the revolving speed of motor 21, the inlet amount of material, material feed inlet valve 9 and discharge port valve 10 It closes, the open and close of air inlet valve 6 and air outlet valve 8, the open and close of suction ventilator (not shown), so that The drying of material reaches optimum state, and effectively avoids the danger of dust explosion;
4. material enters after crushing or crush in crushing chamber 4 and being dry through pipeline, loading head 14-1 carries out gas, powder separates, The fine powder isolated successively enters elevator 16 through screw conveyor 15-1,15-2, is sent into finished product silo 17, a small amount of material Through pipeline enter loading head 14-2 carry out gas, powder separation, the fine powder isolated successively through screw conveyor 15-1,15-2 into Enter elevator 16, is sent into finished product silo 17;
5. the air isolated subsequently enters bag filter 18-1,18-2,18-3 and carries out gas, powder separation, separation again Minute quantity fine powder out successively enters elevator 16 through screw conveyor 15-1,15-2, is sent into finished product silo 17, dedusting is net Air after change is discharged from bag filter.
Following specific embodiment of enumerating does the crushing of the utility model and dry dual-purpose integrated automated production equipment It further illustrates.
Embodiment 1,2,3
Embodiment 1 is the crushing of talcum;Embodiment 2 is the crushing and drying of the domestic sludge of moisture content 50%;Embodiment 3 For the crushing and drying of the lignite of moisture content 30%.
Embodiment 1-3 is using in crushing provided by the utility model and dry dual-purpose integrated industrial automation production equipment It carries out, 1 material of embodiment is quantitatively sent into crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3 by charger 2 from feeding warehouse 1, and embodiment 1 is not required to It dries, therefore opens the air inlet valve 6 of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine and close air outlet valve 8 and suction ventilator (in figure Do not show), keep the air pressure of crushing chamber 4 identical as outside, 1 material of embodiment respectively enters loading head 14-1 through pipeline after crushing Carry out gas with loading head 14-2, powder separates, isolated air respectively enters bag filter 18-1, bag filter through pipeline 18-2, bag filter 18-3 carry out again gas, powder separation, from loading head 14-1, loading head 14-2 and bag filter 18-1, The fine powder that bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3 are collected into is through screw conveyor 15-1 and screw conveyor 15-2 Into elevator 16, be sent into finished product silo 17, the air after dust separation from bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, Bag filter 18-3 discharge;Computer automatic control system (not shown) completes the control of whole equipment automatic industrial production System, realizes entire automated production.
2 material of embodiment is quantitatively sent into crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3,2 object of embodiment by charger 2 from feeding warehouse 1 Material needs drying, therefore opens air outlet valve 8 and suction ventilator (not shown), and close crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine into Air port valve 6, and it is intermittent unlatching that feed inlet valve 9 and discharge port valve 10, which is arranged, forms the air pressure of crushing chamber 4 negative Pressure condition also placed temperature sensor (not shown) and baroceptor (not shown) in crushing chamber 4, at any time according to powder Temperature and the air pressure adjustment revolving speed of motor 21, the inlet amount of material, material feed inlet valve 9 and discharge port valve in broken chamber 4 10 open and close, the open and close of air inlet valve 6 and air outlet valve 8, the unlatching of suction ventilator (not shown) with It closes, so that the drying of material reaches optimum state, and effectively avoids the danger of dust explosion;2 material of embodiment warp Loading head 14-1 and loading head 14-2, which is respectively enterd, through pipeline after crossing crushing and drying carries out gas, powder separation, isolated air warp Pipeline respectively enters bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3 and carries out gas, powder separation again, from Loading head 14-1, loading head 14-2 and bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3 are collected into micro- Fine powder enters elevator 16 through screw conveyor 15-1 and screw conveyor 15-2, finished product silo 17 is sent into, after dust separation Air from bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3 discharge;Computer automatic control system (figure In do not show), complete whole equipment automatic industrial production control, realize entire automated production.
3 material of embodiment is quantitatively sent into crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine 3,3 object of embodiment by charger 2 from feeding warehouse 1 Material needs drying, therefore opens air outlet valve 8 and suction ventilator (not shown), and close crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine into Air port valve 6, and it is intermittent unlatching that feed inlet valve 9 and discharge port valve 10, which is arranged, forms the air pressure of crushing chamber 4 negative Pressure condition also placed temperature sensor (not shown) and baroceptor (not shown) in crushing chamber 4, at any time according to powder Temperature and the air pressure adjustment revolving speed of motor 21, the inlet amount of material, material feed inlet valve 9 and discharge port valve in broken chamber 4 10 open and close, the open and close of air inlet valve 6 and air outlet valve 8, the unlatching of suction ventilator (not shown) with It closes, so that the drying of material reaches optimum state, and effectively avoids the danger of dust explosion;3 material of embodiment warp Loading head 14-1 and loading head 14-2, which is respectively enterd, through pipeline after crossing crushing and drying carries out gas, powder separation, isolated air warp Pipeline respectively enters bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3 and carries out gas, powder separation again, from Loading head 14-1, loading head 14-2 and bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3 are collected into micro- Fine powder enters elevator 16 through screw conveyor 15-1 and screw conveyor 15-2, finished product silo 17 is sent into, after dust separation Air from bag filter 18-1, bag filter 18-2, bag filter 18-3 discharge;Computer automatic control system (figure In do not show), complete whole equipment automatic industrial production control, realize entire automated production.
The parameter for the material that each embodiment of table 1 obtains
From above-described embodiment as can be seen that disclosed by the utility model kind of crushing and dry industrial automation production are set It is standby, make material crushing or crushing and drying can individually or simultaneously crush and dry dual-purpose integrated machine in complete, due to abundant The thermal energy pair generated when the characteristic and crushing of temperature when the subatmospheric evaporation of material required temperature when negative pressure evaporation is utilized Material is dried, and is not necessarily to any external heat source, therefore greatly reduces energy consumption and investment cost and operating cost.
It, cannot the above content is specific preferred embodiment further detailed description of the utility model is combined Assert that the specific implementation of the utility model is only limited to these instructions.For those skilled in the art of the present invention For, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, several equivalent substitute or obvious modifications, and performance can also be made Or purposes is identical, all shall be regarded as belonging to the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, which is characterized in that including complete machine base, driving mechanism, supporting mechanism, chamber Body, disintegrating mechanism, draft mechanism and air suction mechanism, wherein the driving mechanism and the supporting mechanism be separately mounted to it is described whole On machine base, the driving mechanism is separately connected the disintegrating mechanism and the draft mechanism for respectively driving the crushing Mechanism and the draft mechanism;The cavity is fixedly connected on the supporting mechanism, be respectively equipped on the cavity feed inlet, Discharge port, air inlet and air outlet, and the feed inlet, the discharge port, the air inlet and the air outlet are respectively It is correspondingly provided with valve, the air suction mechanism is connected at the air outlet;The disintegrating mechanism and the draft mechanism are set respectively It sets in the cavity, and is arranged between the feed inlet and the discharge port and/or the air inlet and the outlet air Between mouthful.
2. crushing according to claim 1 and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, which is characterized in that the disintegrating mechanism includes at least One crushing wheel, at least one described crushing wheel is successively arranged in parallel between the feed inlet and the discharge port and/or institute State between air inlet and the air outlet, and from the feed inlet to the discharge port side to and/or from the air inlet to On the direction of the air outlet, the diameter of crushing wheel described in the latter is greater than the diameter of the previous crushing wheel.
3. crushing according to claim 2 and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, which is characterized in that the disintegrating mechanism further include to A few regulating wheel, the setting corresponding with each crushing wheel, and each regulating wheel point respectively of each regulating wheel Not Wei Yu the corresponding crushing wheel the side close to the discharge port.
4. crushing according to claim 3 and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, which is characterized in that from the feed inlet to it is described go out The side of material mouth is to and/or from the air inlet to the direction of the air outlet, before the diameter of regulating wheel described in the latter is greater than The diameter of one regulating wheel.
5. crushing according to claim 3 and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, which is characterized in that be uniformly distributed on the crushing wheel There are 6~12 the first blades, the end of each first blade is respectively provided with dismountable Disintegrating knife;In the regulating wheel 6~12 the second blades are evenly distributed with, the end of each second blade is respectively provided with dismountable adjusting blade.
6. crushing according to claim 5 and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, which is characterized in that the first of each crushing wheel The direction that the second blade of the regulating wheel each of is arranged in blade corresponding thereto respectively is reversed or each powder The direction that the adjusting blade of the regulating wheel each of is arranged in the Disintegrating knife of broken wheel corresponding thereto respectively is reversed.
7. crushing according to claim 2 and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, which is characterized in that the cavity includes at least one Crushing chamber, each crushing wheel are arranged in correspondingly in each crushing chamber, and from the feed inlet to it is described go out The side of material mouth is to and/or from the air inlet to the direction of the air outlet, before the volume of crushing chamber described in the latter is less than The volume of one crushing chamber.
8. crushing according to claim 3 and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, which is characterized in that the cavity further includes at least one A adjusting cavity, each regulating wheel are arranged in correspondingly in each adjusting cavity, and the adjusting cavity is cone-shaped cavity, Wherein the side from the feed inlet to the discharge port is to and/or from the air inlet to the direction of the air outlet, each The internal diameter of the adjusting cavity is gradually reduced, and the volume of adjusting cavity described in the latter is less than the volume of the previous adjusting cavity.
9. crushing according to claim 1 and dry dual-purpose integrated machine, which is characterized in that the draft mechanism includes fan blade Wheel, the cavity include fan blade chamber, and the fan blade is accordingly arranged in that the fan blade is intracavitary, and the fan blade chamber is spiral case The exit of spiral case cavity body structure is arranged in cavity body structure, the discharge port, and spiral case cavity body structure is arranged in the air outlet On side wall.
10. a kind of crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated automated production equipment, which is characterized in that any including claim 1 to 9 Crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine and feeding mechanism, receiving mechanism, at least one collecting mechanism described in, at least one Dedusting mechanism and at least one material conveying mechanism, the feeding mechanism are connected on the feed inlet, at least one described collection Material mechanism and at least one described dedusting mechanism are successively interconnected on after the discharge port, at least one described material conveying Mechanism be connected at least one described collecting mechanism and at least one dedusting mechanism outlet and the receiving mechanism Entrance between with for will treated that material is delivered in the receiving mechanism.
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CN109622166A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-16 谭林立 Crushing and dry dual-purpose integrated machine and its automated production equipment and method

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Effective date of registration: 20210429

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Patentee before: Tan Linli