CN201589509U - Clay mineral drying device - Google Patents

Clay mineral drying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201589509U
CN201589509U CN201020002729XU CN201020002729U CN201589509U CN 201589509 U CN201589509 U CN 201589509U CN 201020002729X U CN201020002729X U CN 201020002729XU CN 201020002729 U CN201020002729 U CN 201020002729U CN 201589509 U CN201589509 U CN 201589509U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying
feeding
clay mineral
motor
broken
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN201020002729XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王志强
胡勤
陶勇
郭海盈
韩杰
宗培新
谢爱虎
王鸽
舒锋
刘玉芹
宋开森
姜文明
徐光亮
马德印
王晓磊
朱凡
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HUBEI ZHONGFEI BENTONITE CORP Ltd
China National Nonmetallic Minerals Industrial Corp
Original Assignee
HUBEI ZHONGFEI BENTONITE CORP Ltd
China National Nonmetallic Minerals Industrial Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HUBEI ZHONGFEI BENTONITE CORP Ltd, China National Nonmetallic Minerals Industrial Corp filed Critical HUBEI ZHONGFEI BENTONITE CORP Ltd
Priority to CN201020002729XU priority Critical patent/CN201589509U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201589509U publication Critical patent/CN201589509U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a clay mineral drying device which is used in combination with a hot-air blower and a dust remover. The device comprises a sorting mechanism, a drying and thrashing mechanism, a feeding mechanism and a discharge mechanism, wherein the sorting mechanism is arranged at the upper part of the drying and thrashing mechanism, the feeding mechanism is arranged at the lateral part of the drying and thrashing mechanism, and the discharge mechanism is arranged at the lower part of the drying and thrashing mechanism. The whole process is completed within 10 seconds, from the feeding of the water-containing clay mineral to the discharge of dried clay mineral. The clay mineral drying device integrates the advantages of rapidness, high efficiency, energy conservation, environmental friendliness and low cost; and is particularly applied for the industrial-scale continuous production.

Description

A kind of clay mineral drier
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of drying device, is specifically related to a kind of clay mineral drier.
Background technology
Among industrial production, clay mineral has characteristics such as viscosity is big, easily conglomeration, dehydration difficulty, and many times we need be processed into these mineral powder, how these clay minerals that are difficult to dehydration are carried out drying and have also just become to have a liking for problem to be solved.At present, clay mineral being carried out dry method mainly is natural drying, roller drying and expansion drying.These several drying means all have pluses and minuses separately.Though the cost of natural drying method is low, too rely on weather, especially in the south of rainy humidity, and the airing floor space is bigger; Though drum drying equipment is simple in structure, be convenient to safeguard, pan feeding is required but relatively strictness, particularly the higher wet feed of bulk moisture is adopted this equipment drying, its effect is very limited; The expansion drying method is effective, and pan feeding requires low, but its comprehensive oven dry cost allows a lot of prestiges and steps back.The weak point of above clay mineral drying means has restricted the dry problem of clay mineral, has influenced industry development.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiency of existing clay mineral drying means, and a kind of multiple advantage such as quick, efficient, energy-conservation, low cost that integrates that provides, and is suitable for the clay mineral drier that industrialization, serialization are produced.
The utility model purpose is achieved in that a kind of clay mineral drier, comprise classification mechanism, drying is broken up mechanism, feeding mechanism and discharging mechanism, classification mechanism is arranged on the top that drying is broken up mechanism, feeding mechanism is arranged on the sidepiece that drying is broken up mechanism, discharging mechanism is arranged on the bottom that drying is broken up mechanism, it is characterized in that classification mechanism comprises assorting cylinder, grading wheel and motor, grading wheel is arranged on the bottom in the assorting cylinder, one end of grading wheel axis is fixedlyed connected with the power output shaft of motor, the top of assorting cylinder is for what seal, and its upper wall one side is provided with air outlet; Drying is broken up mechanism and is comprised dry scattering drum, tooth plate, net formula retainer tube, break up wheel disc, sieve plate and motor, the upper end of dry scattering drum is connected with the lower end of assorting cylinder, intermediate connection, inwall is provided with at least one circle tooth plate, lower wall one side is provided with air inlet, the middle part is provided with net formula retainer tube, the cylindrical shell two ends of net formula retainer tube are provided with discharging opening, the bottom is provided with sieve plate, be provided with between net formula retainer tube and the sieve plate and break up wheel disc, at least one pair of tup is arranged on to be broken up on the wheel disc, breaks up the power output shaft flexible connection of an end of wheel disc axis by belt pulley and motor; Feeding mechanism comprises feed hopper, binder spiral, feeding cylinder, feed auger and motor, the outlet of feed hopper is communicated with the inlet of feeding cylinder, the barrel that one end of feeding cylinder passes dry scattering drum is communicated with net formula retainer tube, feed auger is arranged in the feeding cylinder and extends in the net formula retainer tube, the binder spiral is arranged in the feed hopper, and an end of binder spiral and feed auger axis is fixedlyed connected with the power output shaft of motor respectively; Discharging mechanism comprises blanking bin, airlock, belt conveyor, and the upper end of blanking bin is connected with the lower end of dry scattering drum, intermediate connection, and the outlet of blanking bin is communicated with the inlet of airlock, and the exit of airlock is provided with belt conveyor.
Described tooth plate is the steel plate or the cast iron plate of cuboid or square, evenly interlaces to be arranged on the inwall at dry scattering drum middle part.
Described tup is vertical fixed hammer, and symmetry is installed on the outer ring of breaing up wheel disc top.
Described sieve plate is a cloth pneumatic jig plate, and interlocking is in the bottom of dry scattering drum.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1, floor space is little, is not subjected to the weather conditionality, can operate according to user's intention, be better than direct airing, and pan feeding requires loose, is fit to most of clay pit drying, and granular size 30cm is following, moisture content 35% carries out drying with the interior the utility model that all can use.
2, in feed hopper, be provided with the binder spiral, the quick spinning of clay material entered feeding cylinder, can shorten the time that the clay material enters feeding cylinder, improve work efficiency by the binder spiral.
3, net formula retainer tube is set in dry scattering drum, wet feed pushes revolving of feed auger and enters net formula retainer tube, a part falls into from front end exit and breaks up wheel disc, a part guides to back outlet and falls into and break up wheel disc, this partial material is accepted hot-air pre-heating in running, can reduce the moisture of 1-2%.Because the principle of host design is different from traditional drying plant, water-containing materials enters and promptly is subjected in the machine pulverizing at a high speed accepting the hot blast that hot-blast stove blows simultaneously, has increased the surface area of evaporation greatly, so drying capacity is big, and obvious energy conservation.Drying is broken up barrel and is provided with tooth plate simultaneously, and the clay material collides tooth plate when rotating at a high speed in the drying chamber of breaing up, and more helps breaing up, and accelerates dry.
Inlet temperature when 4, greatly reducing drying (below 300 ℃) can not exert an influence to the clay mineral through easy heated denaturalization after the deep processing.
5, rate of drying is fast, and material can be finished within 10 seconds by entering out whole flow process, and output is big, the heat utilization efficiency height.Discharging moisture content can be regulated by the control inlet amount, can be controlled in 15% easily.
6, dry discharging-material size is in 2mm, and particle shape is good, is convenient to further abrasive dust processing of later stage or directly sieves granulating, can be used as the clay Granulation Equipments to a certain extent and uses.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the utility model grading wheel wheel blade planar structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the utility model grading wheel wheel blade side structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 breaks up wheel disc planar structure schematic diagram for the utility model.
Fig. 5 is the utility model sieve plate planar structure schematic diagram.
Among the figure: assorting cylinder 1, grading wheel 2, wheel blade 2-1, air outlet 4, dry scattering drum 5, tooth plate 6, net formula retainer tube 7, net formula retainer tube discharging opening 7-1 and 7-2, break up wheel disc 8, tup 8-1, sieve plate 9, belt pulley 10, air inlet 12, feed hopper 13, binder spiral 14, feeding cylinder 15, feed auger 16, blanking bin 19, airlock 20, belt conveyor 21, motor 3,11,17,18.
The specific embodiment
Following examples will be further described the utility model in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
The utility model is by air-heater and the supporting use of deduster
See figure, a kind of clay mineral drier of present embodiment, breaing up mechanism, feeding mechanism and discharging mechanism by classification mechanism, drying forms, classification mechanism is arranged on the top that drying is broken up mechanism, feeding mechanism is provided with the sidepiece that drying is broken up mechanism, and discharging mechanism is arranged on the bottom that drying is broken up mechanism.
Classification mechanism comprises assorting cylinder 1, grading wheel 2 and motor 3, and grading wheel 2 is arranged on the bottom in the assorting cylinder 1, and the outer rim of grading wheel 2 is provided with wheel blade 2-1, and an end of grading wheel 2 axis is fixedlyed connected with the power output shaft of motor 3, and motor 3 adopts variable-frequency motor.The top of assorting cylinder 1 is for what seal, and its upper wall one side is provided with air outlet 4, and air outlet 4 is connected with the inlet scoop of deduster by cleaning shaft.
Drying is broken up mechanism and is comprised dry scattering drum 5, tooth plate 6, net formula retainer tube 7, breaks up wheel disc 8, sieve plate 9 and motor 11, the upper end of dry scattering drum 5 and the lower end of assorting cylinder 1 employing ring flange with or welding manner fixedly connected, the junction packing matcrial, intermediate connection.The middle part inwall of dry scattering drum 5 is provided with tooth plate 6, and tooth plate 6 adopts the cuboid steel plate, is of a size of 150 * 30 * 20mm, and present embodiment is provided with three circle tooth plates 6, and every circle tooth plate 6 is evenly installed at interval, and installation interlaces between two circles.The middle part of dry scattering drum 5 is provided with net formula retainer tube 7, and the two ends of net formula retainer tube 7 are fixed on drying by screw and break up on the corresponding inwall in 5 both sides, chamber, is provided with discharging opening 7-1,7-2 near two ends.Sieve plate 9 adopts cloth pneumatic jig plate, the bottom of interlocking in dry scattering drum 5.Be provided with between net formula retainer tube 7 and the sieve plate 9 and break up wheel disc 8, break up on the outer ring, wheel disc 8 top and be symmetrically installed with two couples of tup 8-1, tup 8-1 adopts vertical fixed hammer, and an end of breaing up wheel disc 8 axis flexibly connects by the power output shaft of belt pulley 10 with motor 11.Lower wall one side of dry scattering drum 5 is provided with air inlet 12, and air inlet 12 is connected with air-heater by hot air duct.
Feeding mechanism comprises feed hopper 13, binder spiral 14, feeding cylinder 15, feed auger 16 and motor 17,18, the outlet of feed hopper 13 is communicated with the inlet of feeding cylinder 15, the barrel that one end of feeding cylinder 15 passes dry scattering drum 5 is communicated with net formula retainer tube 7, feed auger 16 is arranged in the feeding cylinder 15 and extends in the net formula retainer tube 7, binder spiral 14 is arranged in the feed hopper 13, and an end of binder spiral 14 and feed auger 16 axis is fixedlyed connected with the power output shaft of motor 17,18 respectively.Motor 17,18 adopts variable-frequency motor.
Discharging mechanism comprises blanking bin 19, airlock 20, belt conveyor 21.The upper end of blanking bin 19 adopts ring flange to be connected junction packing matcrial, intermediate connection with welding manner with the lower end of dry scattering drum 5.The outlet of blanking bin 19 is communicated with the inlet of airlock 20, and the exit of airlock 20 is provided with belt conveyor 21.
During the processing operation, open hot-blast stove earlier, make system produce stable hot blast, open the utility model and deduster again, regulate the rotating speed of grading wheel 2, that material moisture is controlled at is moisture 35%, below the big or small 30cm, entered by feed hopper 13, earlier material spinning is entered feeding cylinder 15 by binder spiral 14, revolve by feed auger 16 and be advanced into dry scattering drum 5, material is owing to contain moisture, and hardness is little, after through several roads screw extrusion, can become the fritter that is beneficial to drying gradually.The material that enters in the dry scattering drum 5 is divided into two parts, a part drops on breaing up on the wheel disc 8 of rotation at a high speed by the front end discharging opening 7-1 of net formula retainer tube 7, a part is subjected to the crowded thrust of feed auger 16 through net formula retainer tube 7 in addition, accept hot-air pre-heating in the running, can reduce the moisture of 1-2%, the rear end discharging opening 7-2 that arrives net formula retainer tube 7 falls rotation at a high speed and breaks up on the wheel disc 8, two parts material all receives by air inlet 12 and enters, the hot blast that blows by sieve plate 9 is broken up rapidly and the moisture content that scatters and disappears in a large number again.Simultaneously, hot blast and blend of granules whose form turbulent flow and further broken through tooth plate 6.Material after breaing up because the gravity effect drops on the sieve plate 9, if just this moment the grade size to fit can pass through sieve plate 9, enter blanking bin 19, deliver to belt conveyor 21 by airlock 20, be delivered to appointed place abrasive dust or screening.Meanwhile, under the suction of deduster inlet scoop, the fines mixing hot blast by grading wheel 2 wheel blade 2-1 enters deduster through cleaning shaft again from air outlet 4, can guarantee that complete equipment is in operation and does not have dust pollution, accomplishes green production.The utility model delivers from godown from the moisture drying that enters into of clay mineral, and whole flow process only can be finished within 10 seconds, and output is big, and the heat utilization efficiency height is specially adapted to the drying of clay mineral.

Claims (4)

1. clay mineral drier, comprise classification mechanism, drying is broken up mechanism, feeding mechanism and discharging mechanism, classification mechanism is arranged on the top that drying is broken up mechanism, feeding mechanism is arranged on the sidepiece that drying is broken up mechanism, discharging mechanism is arranged on the bottom that drying is broken up mechanism, it is characterized in that classification mechanism comprises assorting cylinder (1), grading wheel (2) and motor (3), grading wheel (2) is arranged on the bottom in the assorting cylinder (1), one end of grading wheel (2) axis is fixedlyed connected with the power output shaft of motor (3), the top of assorting cylinder (1) is for what seal, and its upper wall one side is provided with air outlet (4); Drying is broken up mechanism and is comprised dry scattering drum (5), tooth plate (6), net formula retainer tube (7), break up wheel disc (8), sieve plate (9), belt pulley (10) and motor (11), the upper end of dry scattering drum (5) is connected with the lower end of assorting cylinder (1), the inwall of dry scattering drum (5) is provided with at least one circle tooth plate (6), lower wall one side is provided with air inlet (12), the middle part is provided with net formula retainer tube (7), the cylindrical shell two ends of net formula retainer tube (7) are provided with discharging opening (7-1,7-2), the bottom is provided with sieve plate (9), be provided with between net formula retainer tube (7) and the sieve plate (9) and break up wheel disc (8), at least one pair of tup (8-1) is arranged on to be broken up on the wheel disc (8), and an end of breaing up wheel disc (8) axis flexibly connects by the power output shaft of belt pulley (10) with motor (11); Feeding mechanism comprises feed hopper (13), binder spiral (14), feeding cylinder (15), feed auger (16) and motor (17,18), feed hopper (13) outlet is communicated with feeding cylinder (15) import, the barrel that one end of feeding cylinder (15) passes dry scattering drum (5) is communicated with net formula retainer tube (7), feed auger (16) is arranged in the feeding cylinder (15) and extends in the net formula retainer tube (7), binder spiral (14) is arranged in the feed hopper (13), an end of binder spiral (14) and feed auger (16) axis respectively with motor (17,18) power output shaft is fixedly connected; Discharging mechanism comprises blanking bin (19), airlock (20), belt conveyor (21), the upper end of blanking bin (19) is connected with the lower end of dry scattering drum (7), the outlet of blanking bin (19) is communicated with the inlet of airlock (20), and the exit of airlock (20) is provided with belt conveyor (21).
2. according to the said a kind of clay mineral drier of claim 1, it is characterized in that steel plate or the cast iron plate of described tooth plate (6) for cuboid or square, evenly interlacing is arranged on the inwall at dry scattering drum (5) middle part.
3. according to the said a kind of clay mineral drier of claim 1, it is characterized in that described tup (8-1) is vertical fixed hammer, symmetry is installed on the outer ring of breaing up wheel disc (8) top.
4. according to the said a kind of clay mineral drier of claim 1, it is characterized in that described sieve plate (9) is a cloth pneumatic jig plate, the bottom of interlocking in dry scattering drum (5).
CN201020002729XU 2010-01-13 2010-01-13 Clay mineral drying device Expired - Lifetime CN201589509U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201020002729XU CN201589509U (en) 2010-01-13 2010-01-13 Clay mineral drying device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201020002729XU CN201589509U (en) 2010-01-13 2010-01-13 Clay mineral drying device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201589509U true CN201589509U (en) 2010-09-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201020002729XU Expired - Lifetime CN201589509U (en) 2010-01-13 2010-01-13 Clay mineral drying device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN201589509U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104406391A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-11 湖北中非膨润土有限公司 Bentonite cat litter drying device
CN105627719A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-01 河南科技学院 Anti-blocking chemical material drying device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104406391A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-11 湖北中非膨润土有限公司 Bentonite cat litter drying device
CN104406391B (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-08 湖北中非膨润土有限公司 A kind of drying device of bentonite cat litter
CN105627719A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-01 河南科技学院 Anti-blocking chemical material drying device

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20100922

Effective date of abandoning: 20100113