CN201605705U - Multi-cavity plaster composite load-bearing, fencing and heat-insulating block and connection structure for block and whole building - Google Patents

Multi-cavity plaster composite load-bearing, fencing and heat-insulating block and connection structure for block and whole building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201605705U
CN201605705U CN2010201270984U CN201020127098U CN201605705U CN 201605705 U CN201605705 U CN 201605705U CN 2010201270984 U CN2010201270984 U CN 2010201270984U CN 201020127098 U CN201020127098 U CN 201020127098U CN 201605705 U CN201605705 U CN 201605705U
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China
Prior art keywords
wall
building block
block
bearing
cavity
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2010201270984U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程松林
姜寅卿
龙跃
栾晓辉
孙悦
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Tianjin Development Area Fulin Development Co Ltd
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Tianjin Development Area Fulin Development Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multi-cavity plaster composite load-bearing, fencing and heat-insulating block and the connection structure for the block and a whole building. The wall of the block is used for load-bearing, four rows of hollow cavities are formed and each row of hollow cavities are formed in a staggered manner, the hollow cavities are filled with soft heat-insulating materials to form cavity bodies, and a rib is formed between two adjacent cavity bodies in each row; sunken tenons and tenons formed on four side surfaces of the high-intensity block are used for splicing the block; the block is connected with the whole building through gird beams, constructing beams or floor plates splicing the attached block, and plaster plates are additionally arranged on the side surfaces of the gird beams or the constructing beams to avoid cold bridge effect. The utility model integrates load-bearing, fencing and heat insulation, and has the advantages of longer building service life, one-step wall forming, high overall strength of the block, good reliability, water prevention, heat insulation, fire prevention, full utilization of industrial waste, energy conservation, environmental protection, high construction and installation speed, high work efficiency and wide application range; and the heat transfer coefficient is lower than 0.6 W/m2. K.

Description

Multi-cavity gypsum composite lead-bearing go along with sb. to guard him insulation blocks and with the syndeton of building integral
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of heat preservation structural component for building, particularly relates to a kind of intensity height, good reliability, energy-saving and environmental protection and collection load-bearing go along with sb. to guard him insulation for the multi-cavity gypsum composite lead-bearing of one go along with sb. to guard him insulation blocks and with the syndeton of building integral.
Background technology
As everyone knows, the way of present domestic multi-story masonry building mainly is that interior exterior wall adopts bearing masonry to build by laying bricks or stones, as brick of coal hacking, fired common brick, aerating, general chemistry gypsum block, light aggregate hollow block, air-entrained concrete building block, pearl shale building-block, the building block of the cement heart etc.The way of building exterior wall heat preserving system is mainly taked is that to paste polyphenyl plate or extruded sheet and exterior wall internal insulation system at the exterior wall of building be two individual system, therefore, exist following deficiency in actual applications: as clay brick is that country bans use of the class building materials, other masonry building materials or agglomerated material or use cement are done the material of cementing agent, energy consumption is big, the destruction Of resources is big, and environment pollution is big; Building block exterior wall and insulation are two individual system, respectively construction; Existing external wall heat insulation system durability and reliability are poor, and heat insulating material and building main body are asynchronous application life.Subject matter is: the layer construction location easily easy generation insulation of dislocation finish coat is unreasonable; Positive and negative blast is bigger to the influence of thermal insulation wall surface cavity; Heat insulating material application life is short, and maintain and replace very expensive again, and waste of material is serious; The working procedure complexity, wet trade float work amount is big, fully manual operations, industrialization, standardization level are low; Fireproof performance is poor; Not environmental protection of material, energy consumption is big, can not the cycling and reutilization waste material.
Summary of the invention:
Main purpose of the present utility model is to overcome above deficiency and a kind of intensity height is provided, good reliability, energy-saving and environmental protection and collection load-bearing go along with sb. to guard him insulation for the multi-cavity gypsum composite lead-bearing of one go along with sb. to guard him insulation blocks and with the syndeton of building integral.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is:
Multi-cavity gypsum composite lead-bearing is gone along with sb. to guard him insulation blocks, it comprises wall, rib and cavity, it is characterized in that: adopting the supporting part of the building block that high-intensity plaster of Paris admixture waterproof agent makes is wall, cavity is that the every row of 4 rows is crisscross arranged, fill insulant material constitutes cavity in the cavity, constitutes rib in the middle of adjacent two cavitys of every row.
Multi-cavity gypsum composite lead-bearing is gone along with sb. to guard him the syndeton of insulation blocks and building integral, it comprises external and internal wall, constructional column, collar tie beam, floor and reinforcing bar, it is characterized in that: building block is that example can be divided into following several form of structure with the syndeton of building integral with different nodes:
1.. when the exterior wall bearing wall is made in the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block, the syndeton of outer body of wall is that two outer bodies of wall of every block of blind mortise in the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and tenon grafting all-in-one-piece are connected with the B constructional column respectively, adopts lacing wire to be connected between desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and the A constructional column that has the A reinforcing bar.Outer body of wall and A constructional column are established lacing wire along short transverse at two blockhouses, increase A gypsum plank and B gypsum plank in the both sides of A constructional column.
2.. when the inner, external wall bearing wall is made in the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block, outer body of wall and the syndeton of interior body of wall are that every block of blind mortise in the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block is connected with the B constructional column respectively with interior body of wall with the outer body of wall of tenon grafting all-in-one-piece, and the employing lacing wire is connected between desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and the B constructional column that has the B reinforcing bar.Inside and outside body of wall and B constructional column are established lacing wire along short transverse at two blockhouses, at the side increase C of B constructional column gypsum plank.
3.. when the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block is made the exterior wall bearing wall and is connected with floor, outer body of wall of blind mortise in every desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and tenon grafting all-in-one-piece and floor connect to one by collar tie beam, adopt cast-in-situ concrete to be connected between desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and the collar tie beam that has the C reinforcing bar, at the side increase D of collar tie beam gypsum plank.
Advantage and the good effect that the utlity model has are: integrate load-bearing, go along with sb. to guard him, be incubated, can disposable one-tenth wall during operation, the productivity ratio height, building block bulk strength height does not have and shrinks, good reliability, waterproof, insulation, fire prevention make full use of the power plant desulfurization gypsum waste and carry out batch production production, sharp useless and environmental protection, quick construction is convenient, but the one man operation; Energy-saving effect is obvious, and thermal transmittance is less than 0.6W/m 2.K, homogenous material reaches three energy-conservation requirements of step.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model building block;
Fig. 2 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the syndeton schematic diagram of the utility model building block;
Fig. 4 is the syndeton schematic diagram of outer body of wall and outer body of wall;
Fig. 5 is the syndeton schematic diagram of outer body of wall and interior body of wall;
Fig. 6 is the syndeton schematic diagram of outer body of wall and floor.
Among Fig. 1-Fig. 6: 1. wall, 2. heat insulating material, 3. rib, 4. cavity, 5. blind mortise 6. tenons, 7. outer body of wall, 8.A constructional column, 9.A reinforcing bar, 10. interior body of wall, 11.B constructional column, 12.B reinforcing bar, 13. floors, 14.C reinforcing bar, 15. lacing wire, 16.A polyphenyl plate, 17.B polyphenyl plate, 18.C polyphenyl plate, 19. collar tie beams, 20.D polyphenyl plate.
The specific embodiment
For further understanding summary of the invention characteristics of the present utility model and effect following examples for example now, and conjunction with figs. is described in detail as follows, and sees also Fig. 1-Fig. 6.
The utility model makes full use of the high strength gypsum characteristic, is made into serial multi-cavity composite lead-bearing and goes along with sb. to guard him insulation blocks, and this building block is 4 chambeies, 5 walls, and wall and rib play the load-bearing effect.Heat insulating material in the chamber has insulation and alleviates the building block weight function.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3: the supporting part of desulfurization gypsum hollow building block is a wall 1 in the utility model, cavity is that the every row of 4 rows is crisscross arranged, filling light thermal insulation material 2 constitutes cavity 4 in the cavity, constitute rib 3 in the middle of adjacent two cavitys 4 of every row, rib 3 is staggered setting can stop flowing of indoor and outdoor temperature, has strengthened heat insulation effect; Adopt on four sides of the building block that high-intensity plaster of Paris admixture waterproof agent makes to have blind mortise 5 and tenon 6 respectively, every adjacent building block is plugged on by blind mortise on it 5 and tenon 6 and constitutes whole body of wall together.
Multi-cavity gypsum composite lead-bearing is gone along with sb. to guard him the syndeton of insulation blocks and building integral, the syndeton of building block and building integral is that example is illustrated with node shown in Figure 4, when the exterior wall bearing wall is made in the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block, the syndeton of outer body of wall 7 and outer body of wall 7 is that two outer bodies of wall 7 are pegged graft by blind mortise in the every building block 5 and tenon 6 and are integral, two outer bodies of wall 7 and have employing cast-in-situ concrete grafting between the A constructional column 8 of A reinforcing bar 9.Outer body of wall 7 is established lacing wire 15 along short transverse at two blockhouses with A constructional column 8, increases A gypsum plank 16 and B gypsum plank 17 in the both sides of A constructional column 8, to avoid the cold bridge effect and to strengthen heat insulation effect.
Its advantage is: the collection load-bearing, go along with sb. to guard him, be incubated and be one, building life is long, disposable one-tenth wall, building block bulk strength height, good reliability, waterproof, the insulation, the fire prevention, make full use of industrial waste, energy-conserving and environment-protective, construction and installation speed is fast, high efficiency, and thermal transmittance is less than 0.6W/m 2.K, applied range.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3: the supporting part of desulfurization gypsum hollow building block is a wall 1 in the utility model, cavity is that the every row of 4 rows is crisscross arranged, filling light thermal insulation material 2 constitutes cavity 4 in the cavity, constitute rib 3 in the middle of adjacent two cavitys 4 of every row, rib 3 is staggered setting can stop flowing of indoor and outdoor temperature, has strengthened heat insulation effect; Adopt on four sides of the building block that high-intensity plaster of Paris admixture waterproof agent makes to have blind mortise 5 and tenon 6 respectively, every adjacent building block is plugged on by blind mortise on it 5 and tenon 6 and constitutes whole body of wall together.
Multi-cavity gypsum composite lead-bearing is gone along with sb. to guard him the syndeton of insulation blocks and building integral, the syndeton of building block and building integral is that example is illustrated with node shown in Figure 5, when exterior wall and interior wall bearing wall are made in the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block, outer body of wall 7 and the syndeton of interior body of wall 10 are that every block of blind mortise 5 in the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block is connected with B constructional column 11 respectively with interior body of wall 10 with the outer body of wall 7 of tenon 6 grafting all-in-one-pieces, employing cast-in-situ concrete grafting between desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and the B constructional column 11 that has B reinforcing bar 12.Interior body of wall 10, outer body of wall 7 are established lacing wire 15 along short transverse at two blockhouses with B constructional column 11, in the side increase C of B constructional column 11 polyphenyl plate 18, to avoid the cold bridge effect and to strengthen heat insulation effect.
Its advantage and embodiment 1 are identical.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3: the supporting part of desulfurization gypsum hollow building block is a wall 1 in the utility model, cavity is that the every row of 4 rows is crisscross arranged, filling light thermal insulation material 2 constitutes cavity 4 in the cavity, constitute rib 3 in the middle of adjacent two cavitys 4 of every row, rib 3 is staggered setting can stop flowing of indoor and outdoor temperature, has strengthened heat insulation effect; Adopt on four sides of the building block that high-intensity plaster of Paris admixture waterproof agent makes to have blind mortise 5 and tenon 6 respectively, every adjacent building block is plugged on by blind mortise on it 5 and tenon 6 and constitutes whole body of wall together.
Multi-cavity gypsum composite lead-bearing is gone along with sb. to guard him the syndeton of insulation blocks and building integral, it is that example is illustrated with node shown in Figure 6 that building block is plugged on the syndeton that constitutes outer body of wall 7 and building integral together, when the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block is made the outer body of wall 7 of exterior wall load-bearing and is connected with floor 13, collar tie beam 11 spaces are determined in building block, and in the space, reserve lock slots and make floor 13, collar tie beam 19 waters with body of wall and builds up an integral body, outer body of wall 7 of blind mortise 5 in every desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and tenon 6 grafting all-in-one-pieces and floor 13 connect to one by collar tie beam 11, desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and have and adopt cast-in-situ concrete to peg graft between the collar tie beam 11 of C reinforcing bar 14, side at collar tie beam 19 increases D polyphenyl plate 20, to avoid the cold bridge effect and to strengthen heat insulation effect.
Its advantage and embodiment 1 are identical.

Claims (2)

1. a multi-cavity gypsum composite lead-bearing is gone along with sb. to guard him insulation blocks, this desulfurization gypsum hollow building block comprises wall, rib and cavity, it is characterized in that: the building block supporting part is wall (1), cavity is that the every row of 4 rows is crisscross arranged, filling light thermal insulation material (2) constitutes cavity (4) in the cavity, constitutes rib (3) in the middle of adjacent two cavitys of every row (4); Have blind mortise (5) and tenon (6) on four sides of building block respectively, every adjacent building block is plugged on by blind mortise on it (5) and tenon (6) and constitutes whole body of wall together.
2. a multi-cavity gypsum composite heat insulation block can be divided into following several form of structure with being connected of building integral:
1.. when the exterior wall bearing wall is made in the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block, the syndeton of outer body of wall (7) is that two outer bodies of wall (7) are integral by blind mortise in the every building block (5) and tenon (6) grafting, adopt lacing wire (15) to be connected between building block and the A constructional column (8) that has A reinforcing bar (9), outer body of wall (7) is established lacing wire (15) along short transverse at two blockhouses with A constructional column (8), increases A polyphenyl plate (16) and B polyphenyl plate (17) in the both sides of A constructional column (8);
2.. when the inner, external wall bearing wall is made in the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block, outer body of wall is that every block of blind mortise (5) in the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block is connected with B constructional column (11) respectively with interior body of wall (10) with the outer body of wall (7) of tenon (6) grafting all-in-one-piece with the syndeton of interior body of wall, adopt lacing wire (15) to be connected between desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and the B constructional column (11) that has B reinforcing bar (12), interior body of wall (10), outer body of wall (7) are established lacing wire (15) along short transverse at two blockhouses with B constructional column (11), in the side increase C polyphenyl plate (18) of B constructional column (11);
3.. the desulfurization gypsum hollow building block is made the outer body of wall (7) of exterior wall load-bearing and floor (13) when being connected, outer body of wall (7) of blind mortise (5) in every desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and tenon (6) grafting all-in-one-piece and floor (13) link into an integrated entity by collar tie beam (11), adopt cast-in-situ concrete to be connected between desulfurization gypsum hollow building block and the collar tie beam that has C reinforcing bar (14) (19), in the side increase D polyphenyl plate (20) of collar tie beam (19).
CN2010201270984U 2009-11-24 2010-02-05 Multi-cavity plaster composite load-bearing, fencing and heat-insulating block and connection structure for block and whole building Expired - Lifetime CN201605705U (en)

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CN200920250779.7 2009-11-24
CN200920250779 2009-11-24
CN2010201270984U CN201605705U (en) 2009-11-24 2010-02-05 Multi-cavity plaster composite load-bearing, fencing and heat-insulating block and connection structure for block and whole building

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103883068A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-06-25 北京工业大学 L-shaped heat-preservation bearing building block provided with high-performance cement mortar plate and build-in light ecological material
AU2014100553B4 (en) * 2013-11-20 2016-09-15 Csr Building Products Limited A method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU2014100553B4 (en) * 2013-11-20 2016-09-15 Csr Building Products Limited A method
AU2014265071B2 (en) * 2013-11-20 2017-05-04 Csr Building Products Limited A building and methods of constructing the building
CN103883068A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-06-25 北京工业大学 L-shaped heat-preservation bearing building block provided with high-performance cement mortar plate and build-in light ecological material
CN103883068B (en) * 2014-04-04 2015-12-30 北京工业大学 A kind of high-performance cement Mortar Plates built-in light ecological material L shape insulating bearing building block

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