CN201051810Y - High performance day-light greenhouse - Google Patents

High performance day-light greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201051810Y
CN201051810Y CNU2007201404898U CN200720140489U CN201051810Y CN 201051810 Y CN201051810 Y CN 201051810Y CN U2007201404898 U CNU2007201404898 U CN U2007201404898U CN 200720140489 U CN200720140489 U CN 200720140489U CN 201051810 Y CN201051810 Y CN 201051810Y
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CN
China
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greenhouse
thermal
performance
thermal insulation
gable
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CNU2007201404898U
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Chinese (zh)
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陆阳
陆昕
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陆阳
陆昕
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Priority to CNU2007201404898U priority Critical patent/CN201051810Y/en
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Publication of CN201051810Y publication Critical patent/CN201051810Y/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model discloses a high-performance daylight greenhouse with low production cost and low operation cost, which is characterized in composed of a totally-enclosed center air-conditioning structure for effectively utilizing solar energy, thereby producing thermophilous vegetable, fruit and flower at the area in south of 40 northwards in winter. The utility model can also utilize wide-roof structure and wide-roof semi-basement structure, to generate edible mushroom and cultivate animal along with vegetable, fruit and flower production, to utilize land of 100%. The utility model arranges an electric disinfection screen and a statistic dust cleaner at the water inlet, to prevent farm crops in the greenhouse from outer insects, to produce vegetable, fruit and edible mushroom without agricultural chemicals. The utility model utilizes the technique with low cost and high performance, to realize advanced function of foreign modern greenhouse, which production cost and operation cost only takes 1/10 of foreign modern greenhouse. The utility model can apply prior agriculture large-scale pollution-free, green, and organic agricultural product.

Description

A kind of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of greenhouse, is the high-performance greenhouse by solar heat that a kind of cost is low, operating cost is low specifically.
Background technology:
China's existing greenhouse kind is a lot, roughly can be divided into two classes, and a class is from the Western Modern greenhouse of external introduction and imitated and improve the breed, and another kind of is various single double slope surface greenhouse by solar heat of China's local products.The performance in this two classes greenhouse is each has something to recommend him.Though the Western Modern greenhouse is high in technological content, the cost height, daylighting and heat-insulating property are poor; The shortcoming of their high energy consumption, high cost exposed especially obviously after used China various places! By contrast, the greenhouse by solar heat cost of China's local products is low, and lighting performance is good, good heat insulating; But the greenhouse by solar heat space of local products is too narrow and small, and land utilization rate is too low, and warm and humid regulation and control performance is too poor, therefore is difficult to adapt to the needs of modernized agriculture large-scale production.Up to the present, China does not also have the high-performance greenhouse by solar heat that a kind of cost is low, operating cost is low.
Summary of the invention:
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides the high-performance greenhouse by solar heat that a kind of cost is low, operating cost is low technical scheme.
A kind of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat comprises preceding bow member, the plastic foil that covers, both sides gable, back domatic, back wall, underground heat storage pipe, thermal insulation quilt, sunshade net, roller shutter machine, Temperature Humidity Sensor, microcomputer controller on preceding bow member; It is characterized in that described greenhouse is a full-closed structure, only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Be vertically arranged with one thermal-arrest ventilation wall in inside, greenhouse and be communicated with, the greenhouse is separated into growing area and spray district two parts with air regulator; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; Top in the spray district is provided with the cold water shower, and the bottom outside in the spray district is provided with the drain ditch; The sliding rail of thermal insulation quilt in the bow member inboard is provided with before described, the interior thermal insulation quilt of adorning pulley is parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; Described both sides gable is a flat-top shape, the armored concrete fixed frame that the gable top is provided with links to each other with inboard inclined strut, fixed frame is provided with the draw ring of row's spacing 100-300 millimeter, the draw ring that vertically connects both sides gable correspondence by the stainless steel cable of the diameter 1-3 millimeter of an end band turnbuckle, before being pressed in, these stainless steel cables form frame-type suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it on the bow member; The lateral surface of described Hou Qiang, the domatic and both sides gable in back all is provided with the air space of 20 millimeters thick and the styrofoam external thermal insulation of 50-200 millimeters thick, and the outside of external thermal insulation is smeared the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened again; The domatic inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating in described back; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of described thermal-arrest ventilation wall and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; Described microcomputer controller is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.Described air regulator is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.There are plantation, spray, 3 ventilating ducts of accumulation of heat in described thermal-arrest ventilation wall the inside, is vertically equidistantly distributing air vent on the ventilating duct, leads to growing area, spray district and underground heat storage pipe respectively; Described air vent will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.Bow member is made by fiberglass reinforced plastics or fibreglass reinforced magnesium oxychloride cement before described, and the inboard is plastics or aluminium alloy track, adaptive formula or the crane type pulley withheld.Thermal insulation quilt is that the middle place mat cyanogen of two-layer nonwoven synthetic fibre cotton or three-dimensional hollow cotton are made in described, the inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of interior thermal insulation quilt, the nonwoven reinforcing band is set on interior thermal insulation quilt in length and breadth, installs in the intersection of reinforcing band and withhold formula or crane type pulley.Described antiradiation damp proof insulation coating is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, and its preferred part by weight is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.
Compared with prior art, usefulness of the present utility model is embodied in high-performance and two aspects of low expense.The utility model adopts the framework suspended-cable structure, and the bigger daylighting in space that makes the greenhouse is better and cost is lower.Adopt totally-enclosed central air conditioner system, removed complicated window-opening mechanism, make the structure in greenhouse simpler, both reduced cost, make the more convenient to operate of personnel again, the regulation and control of temp. and humidity are more accurate.Adopt internal insulation structure, improved heat insulation effect, reduced the cost of thermal insulation quilt, and made heat-insulating property not be subjected to the influence of wind and frost sleet.Adopt all technical schemes of spary solar selectively blacking of sunny slopes all in the greenhouse, make the absorption of solar energy and availability higher; The technical scheme of the medial surface spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating that the medial surface of the interior thermal insulation quilt of employing and back are domatic significantly reduces thermal-radiating loss; Adopt heat accumulation pipe and the outer technical scheme that is incubated of building enclosure in the ground, improved the heat storage capacity in greenhouse greatly.Adopt the both sides gable to connect the inclined strut structure for the flat-top wall adds the armored concrete fixed frame, reduced gable and be in the light, make the force structure in greenhouse more reasonable, external form is more attractive in appearance.Arch bar before adopting fiberglass reinforced plastics and fibreglass reinforced magnesium oxychloride cement to make makes the cost in greenhouse lower, the longer service life of preceding arch bar.Adopt centre-pillar structure, make the stability in greenhouse better, and the many usefulness of a post, the top hangs the sunshade net, bow member before supporting above, mid-mounting sodium vapor lamp.Adopt the microcomputerized control technical scheme, can realize that temp. and humidity auto-control, sunshade net regularly open and close, regularly roll up the automatic regulation function of putting modern greenhouses such as interior thermal insulation quilt, time switch sodium vapor lamp, greatly reduce cost again.The effect of these technical measures integrated uses, high-performance greenhouse by solar heat of the present utility model is accomplished: do not heat substantially winter in China's north latitude 40 degree areass to the south and produce warm season vegetable melon and fruit flowers, heat on a small quantity in all the other regional winters and just can produce warm season vegetable melon and fruit flowers.The utility model can also be cultured livestock and poultry with the structure of long adverse grade in planting vegetable melon and fruit flowers; With the structure of long adverse grade partly-exposed basement, in planting vegetable melon and fruit flowers, produce edible mushroom.The mode that this ecologic planting is cultured can make carbonic acid gas that livestock and poultry and edible mushroom produce provide carbon-dioxide gasfertilizer for the photosynthesis of crops; The heat that produces with livestock and poultry and edible mushroom provides temperature for crops; And crops can provide fresh oxygen for livestock and poultry and edible mushroom.The gas inside exchange of this greenhouse can reduce the number of times of greenhouse and space outerpace exchanging gas, therefore can reduce the consumption of the energy, significantly reduces operating cost.Main is that the greenhouse by solar heat of this long adverse grade can improve land utilization rate, makes the availability in soil reach 100%.
The utility model adopts the high-tech route of low cost, low operating cost, can realize the high-tech advanced function in Western Modern greenhouse.Moreover, compare with the Western Modern greenhouse, the efficient that solar energy of the present utility model utilizes is higher, the better effects if of greenhouse heat-insulating, and cost and operating cost are less than 1/10th of Western Modern greenhouse! Especially the utility model has adopted totally enclosed greenhouse structure, adopt the technical scheme of electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitation at air inlet, can guarantee that crops in the greenhouse are not subjected to the propagation of extraneous damage by disease and insect and influence, this performance is higher than the Western Modern greenhouse far away.Therefore, can accomplish do not spray insecticide various vegetable melon and fruits of production and edible mushroom fully with the utility model.The utility model can be created the environment of no damage by disease and insect, and can automation precisely regulate and control envirment factor, is fit to nuisanceless, green, the organic farm products of modern agriculture large-scale production.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 2 is the plane of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 3 is the long adverse grade greenhouse schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 4 is the long adverse grade partly-exposed basement greenhouse schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 5 is the greenhouse schematic diagram that high-performance greenhouse by solar heat thermal-arrest ventilation wall and Hou Qiang are integrated.
Fig. 6 is the gable profile of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 7 is the gable side view of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 8 is the preceding bow member cross-sectional view of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 9 is the stifled core schematic diagram of the air vent of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Figure 10 is the thermal insulation quilt reinforcing band schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Figure 11 is the air regulator schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Numeral among the figure: 1, the cold ditch 2 of collection, heat accumulation pipe 3, preceding bow member 4, plastic foil 5, interior thermal insulation quilt track 6, growing area 7, sodium vapor lamp 8, cross bar 9, middle column foundation 10, center pillar 11, microcomputer controller 12, warm and humid sensor 13, interior thermal insulation quilt 14, interior thermal insulation quilt pulley 15, thermal-arrest ventilation wall 16, cable wire 17, sunshade net 18, roller shutter machine 19, back domatic 20, thermal-arrest wall vent 21, growing area air channel 22, air channel 23, spray district, heat accumulation pipe air channel 24, cold water shower 25, spray district 26, drain ditch 27, back wall 28, gable 29, turnbuckle 30, stainless steel cable 31, air regulator 32, air regulator air intake 33, chimney 34, greenhouse door 35, draw ring 36, fixed frame 37, inclined strut 38, inclined strut basis 39, air space 40, external thermal insulation 41, waterproof mortar layer 42, air vent blocks up core 43, thermal insulation quilt reinforcing band 44, air regulator air-out 45, growing area air port 46, air port 47, spray district, heat accumulation pipe air port 48, two-way blower fan 49, electronics deinsectization net 50, electrostatic precipitator 51, air regulator chimney 52, heat exchanger 53, heater 54, fire door 55, ash door 56, the air channel valve
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, structure of the present utility model and embodiment are described further.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat embodiment of the present utility model, and Fig. 2 is a plane.Long 60 meters of this greenhouse, wide 12 meters, high 4.3 meters, center pillar is high 4.9 meters, and gable and back wall are 24 brick walls, and the both sides gable is high 2 meters, and the gate in greenhouse is driveed at the east side gable, and the outside, gate hangs the insulation door curtain, does not establish Tool Room.The growing area in greenhouse is wide 11 meters, and the spray district is wide 1 meter, and thermal-arrest ventilation wall is in the centre in growing area and spray district.The both sides gable in greenhouse is a flat-top shape, and the inclined strut of gable inboard is cast in the armored concrete fixed frame on gable top.The spacing of draw ring is 200 millimeters, connects the draw ring of both sides gable correspondence with the stainless steel cable of 2 millimeters of the diameters of an end band turnbuckle, on the bow member, forms framework suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it before these stainless steel cables are pressed in.The styrofoam of 100 millimeters thick is pasted again with the lath air space of 20 millimeters thick at interval in the outside of gable and back wall, and the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened is smeared in the outside.The greenhouse is a full-closed structure, and only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; Top in the spray district is provided with the cold water shower, and the bottom outside in the spray district is provided with the drain ditch; The preceding bow member in greenhouse is prefabricated in mould with the magnesia oxychloride cement of glass fibre enhancing, installed inside I shape plastic rails; Adorning the interior thermal insulation quilt of withholding the formula pulley is parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; Back domatic 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating in greenhouse; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of the thermal-arrest ventilation wall in greenhouse and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; The microcomputer controller in greenhouse is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.The air regulator in greenhouse is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.There are plantation, spray, 3 ventilating ducts of accumulation of heat in the thermal-arrest ventilation wall the inside in greenhouse, and 1 meter air vent that distributing of longitudinal pitch on the ventilating duct leads to growing area, spray district and underground heat storage pipe respectively; The air vent of thermal-arrest ventilation wall will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.The interior thermal insulation quilt in greenhouse is that the cyanogen synthetic fibre cotton of place mat 60 millimeters thick in the middle of the two-layer nonwoven is made, and 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating of interior thermal insulation quilt is provided with the nonwoven reinforcing band in length and breadth on interior thermal insulation quilt, installs in the intersection of reinforcing band and withholds the formula pulley.The antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of spary is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, and its part by weight is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the long adverse grade type embodiment of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat of the present utility model.Long 60 meters of this greenhouse, wide 25 meters, high 6 meters, center pillar is high 6.6 meters, and gable and back wall are the stone wall of 300 millimeters thick, and the both sides gable is high 2 meters, and the gate in greenhouse is driveed at the east side gable, and the outside, gate hangs heat holding curtain, does not establish Tool Room.The growing area in greenhouse is wide 15 meters, and the spray district is wide 10 meters, only at outermost top, spray district shower is set.This long adverse grade type be fit to be cultured livestock and poultry, simultaneously the anniversary planting vegetable melon and fruit flowers.Thermal-arrest ventilation wall is in the centre in growing area and spray district.The both sides gable in greenhouse is a flat-top shape, and the inclined strut of gable inboard is cast in the armored concrete fixed frame on gable top.The spacing of draw ring is 300 millimeters, connects the draw ring of both sides gable correspondence with the stainless steel cable of 3 millimeters of the diameters of an end band turnbuckle, on the bow member, forms framework suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it before these stainless steel cables are pressed in.The styrofoam of 150 millimeters thick is pasted again with the lath air space of 20 millimeters thick at interval in the outside of gable and back wall, and the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened is smeared in the outside.The greenhouse is a full-closed structure, and only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Be vertically arranged with one thermal-arrest ventilation wall in inside, greenhouse and be communicated with, the greenhouse is separated into growing area and spray district two parts with air regulator; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; Outside top is provided with the cold water shower in the spray district, and the bottom outside in the spray district is provided with the drain ditch; The preceding bow member in greenhouse is the engineering plastics extrusion moulding that strengthens with glass fibre, the cross sectional shape of preceding bow member as shown in Figure 8, the interior thermal insulation quilt of adorning the crane type pulley is parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; The back domatic inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating in greenhouse; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of thermal-arrest ventilation wall and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; The microcomputer controller in greenhouse is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.The air regulator in greenhouse is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.There are plantation, spray, 3 ventilating ducts of accumulation of heat in the thermal-arrest ventilation wall the inside in greenhouse, and 1 meter air vent that distributing of longitudinal pitch on the ventilating duct leads to growing area, spray district and underground heat storage pipe respectively; Air vent will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.The interior thermal insulation quilt in greenhouse is that the three-dimensional hollow cotton of place mat 80 millimeters thick in the middle of the two-layer nonwoven is made, 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating of interior thermal insulation quilt, the nonwoven reinforcing band is set on interior thermal insulation quilt in length and breadth, the crane type pulley is installed in the intersection of reinforcing band.The antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of spary is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, and its part by weight is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.
Fig. 4 is the embodiment schematic diagram of the long adverse grade partly-exposed basement of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat of the present utility model type.Long 60 meters of this greenhouse, wide 25 meters, high 6 meters, center pillar is high 6.6 meters, and growing area is wide 15 meters, and the spray district is wide 10 meters, and the top in spray district is covered with shower.This long adverse grade partly-exposed basement type is particularly suitable for planting edible mushroom, simultaneously the anniversary planting vegetable melon and fruit flowers.The gable in greenhouse and back wall are 24 brick walls, and the both sides gable is high 2 meters, and the gate in greenhouse is driveed at the east side gable, and the outside, gate hangs the insulation door curtain, does not establish Tool Room.Thermal-arrest ventilation wall is in the centre in growing area and spray district.The both sides gable in greenhouse is a flat-top shape, and the inclined strut of gable inboard is cast in the armored concrete fixed frame on gable top.The spacing of draw ring is 100 millimeters, connects the draw ring of both sides gable correspondence with the stainless steel cable of 1 millimeter of the diameter of an end band turnbuckle, on the bow member, forms framework suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it before these stainless steel cables are pressed in.The styrofoam of 50 millimeters thick is pasted again with the lath air space of 20 millimeters thick at interval in the outside of gable and back wall, and the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened is smeared in the outside.The greenhouse is a full-closed structure, and only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; Top in the spray district is provided with the cold water shower, and the bottom outside in the spray district is provided with the drain ditch; The preceding bow member in greenhouse is that the magnesia oxychloride cement that strengthens with glass fibre is prefabricated in mould, and installed inside I shape plastic rails is being adorned the interior thermal insulation quilt of withholding the formula pulley and is being parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; The back domatic inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating in greenhouse; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of thermal-arrest ventilation wall and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; The microcomputer controller in greenhouse is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.The air regulator in greenhouse is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.Thermal-arrest ventilation wall has 3 ventilating ducts, and 1 meter air vent that distributing of longitudinal pitch on the ventilating duct leads to growing area, spray district and underground heat storage pipe respectively; Air vent will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.The interior thermal insulation quilt in greenhouse is that the cyanogen synthetic fibre cotton of place mat 40 millimeters thick in the middle of the two-layer nonwoven is made, and 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating of interior thermal insulation quilt is provided with the nonwoven reinforcing band in length and breadth on interior thermal insulation quilt, installs in the intersection of reinforcing band and withholds the formula pulley.The antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of spary is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, and its part by weight is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.
Fig. 5 is the embodiment schematic diagram that thermal-arrest ventilation wall of the present utility model and Hou Qiang are integrated.Long 66 meters of this greenhouse, wide 10 meters, high 4.2 meters, center pillar is high 4.8 meters, and thermal-arrest ventilation wall and Hou Qiang are integrated, and the inside only is provided with 2 ventilating ducts, and 1 meter air vent that distributing of longitudinal pitch leads to growing area and underground heat storage pipe respectively on the ventilating duct.The spray district is not established in this greenhouse, is adapted at not too hot area in very cold summer in winter, especially regional anniversary planting vegetable melon and fruit and the flowers to the north of China's north latitude 40 degree.Gable and back wall are 24 brick walls, and the both sides gable is high 2 meters, and the gate in greenhouse is driveed at the east side gable, hang the insulation door curtain outdoors, and the outside is established Tool Room again.The both sides gable in greenhouse is a flat-top shape, and the inclined strut of gable inboard is cast in the armored concrete fixed frame on gable top.The spacing of draw ring is 100 millimeters, connects the draw ring of both sides gable correspondence with the stainless steel cable of 2 millimeters of the diameters of an end band turnbuckle, on the bow member, forms framework suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it before these stainless steel cables are pressed in.The styrofoam of 200 millimeters thick is pasted again with the lath air space of 20 millimeters thick at interval in the outside of gable and back wall, and the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened is smeared in the outside.The greenhouse is a full-closed structure, and only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; The preceding bow member in greenhouse is the engineering plastics extrusion moulding that strengthens with glass fibre, the cross section of preceding bow member such as Fig. 8, and the inboard is the I shape track, is adorning the interior thermal insulation quilt of withholding the formula pulley and is being parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; Back domatic 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating in greenhouse; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of thermal-arrest ventilation wall and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; The microcomputer controller in greenhouse is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.The air regulator in greenhouse is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.The air vent of thermal-arrest ventilation wall will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.The interior thermal insulation quilt in greenhouse is that the three-dimensional hollow cotton of place mat 100 millimeters thick in the middle of the two-layer nonwoven is made, 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating of interior thermal insulation quilt, the nonwoven reinforcing band is set on interior thermal insulation quilt in length and breadth, installs in the intersection of reinforcing band and withhold the formula pulley.The antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of spary is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, and its part by weight is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.

Claims (9)

1. a high-performance greenhouse by solar heat comprises preceding bow member, the plastic foil that covers, both sides gable, back domatic, back wall, underground heat storage pipe, thermal insulation quilt, sunshade net, roller shutter machine, Temperature Humidity Sensor, microcomputer controller on preceding bow member; It is characterized in that described greenhouse is a full-closed structure, only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Being vertically arranged with one thermal-arrest ventilation wall in inside, greenhouse is communicated with air regulator; Front end in the greenhouse is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; The sliding rail of thermal insulation quilt in the bow member inboard is provided with before described, the interior thermal insulation quilt of adorning pulley is parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; Described both sides gable is a flat-top shape, the gable top is provided with the armored concrete fixed frame and links to each other with inboard inclined strut, fixed frame is provided with row's spacing 100---draw ring of 300 millimeters, diameter 1 by an end band turnbuckle---3 millimeters stainless steel cable vertically connects the draw ring of both sides gable correspondence, before being pressed in, these stainless steel cables form frame-type suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it on the bow member; The lateral surface of described Hou Qiang, the domatic and both sides gable in back, all be provided with 20 millimeters thick air space and 50---the styrofoam external thermal insulation of 200 millimeters thick, the outside of external thermal insulation are smeared the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened again; The domatic inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating in described back; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of described thermal-arrest ventilation wall and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; Described microcomputer controller is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind the adjunction electric current relay.
2. high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described air regulator is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.
3. high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described thermal-arrest ventilation wall is located at the middle part in greenhouse, between thermal-arrest ventilation wall and back wall, the spray district is set, top in the spray district is provided with the cold water shower, and the bottom outside in the spray district is provided with the drain ditch; In thermal-arrest ventilation wall the inside plantation, spray, 3 ventilating ducts of accumulation of heat are arranged, vertically equidistantly distributing air vent on the ventilating duct, lead to growing area, spray district and underground heat storage pipe respectively.
4. high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described spray district is long adverse grade partly-exposed basement shape, and the top is covered with shower.
5. high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described spray district is long adverse grade shape, only at outermost top, spray district shower is set.
6. high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described thermal-arrest ventilation wall is located at the rear portion in greenhouse, is integrated with the back wall; The inside of wall only was provided with 2 ventilating ducts after the thermal-arrest that is integrated ventilated, and was vertically equidistantly distributing air vent on the ventilating duct, led to growing area and underground heat storage pipe respectively.
7. according to claim 3 or 6 described high-performance greenhouse by solar heats, it is characterized in that described air vent is wanted the stifled core in the difference ventilation aperture of adaptive big circle, square, triangle, small circular.
8. high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described preceding bow member is made by fiberglass reinforced plastics or fibreglass reinforced magnesium oxychloride cement, and the inboard is plastics or aluminium alloy track, adaptive formula or the crane type pulley withheld.
9. high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, thermal insulation quilt is that the middle place mat cyanogen of two-layer nonwoven synthetic fibre cotton or three-dimensional hollow cotton are made in described, the inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of interior thermal insulation quilt, the nonwoven reinforcing band is set on interior thermal insulation quilt in length and breadth, installs in the intersection of reinforcing band and withhold formula or crane type pulley.
CNU2007201404898U 2007-03-16 2007-03-16 High performance day-light greenhouse CN201051810Y (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101019493B (en) * 2007-03-16 2011-04-13 陆阳 High performance heliogreenhouse
CN102415302A (en) * 2011-09-21 2012-04-18 常州润海花木有限公司 Greenhouse light control device
CN102422794A (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-04-25 陕西省烟草公司延安市公司 Informationized flue-cured tobacco seedling greenhouse
CN102523988A (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-07-04 江苏徐淮地区徐州农业科学研究所 Edible mushroom-vegetable coefficient sunlight greenhouse
CN102630527A (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-08-15 滦南县南唐水果种植专业合作社 Greenhouse interpenetrating production method and special double-body greenhouse structure
CN102884961A (en) * 2011-07-17 2013-01-23 申慧 Intelligent heat-preservation type sunlight greenhouse and manufacturing method
CN103053364A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-04-24 崔勇 Modular constant-temperature constant-moisture automatic monitoring greenhouse area for crop planting
CN103070048A (en) * 2011-10-26 2013-05-01 梁建勋 Energy-saving and temperature-controlling type greenhouse
WO2013178039A1 (en) * 2012-05-31 2013-12-05 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Groove-type solar greenhouse and method for constructing same
CN104705120A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-17 北京市农林科学院 Energy-saving anti-season edible fungi cultivation greenhouse capable of reducing temperature
CN105684939A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-06-22 刘湘静 Intelligent control semi-open solar poultry breeding device
CN106818307A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-06-13 青岛智享专利技术开发有限公司 A kind of agricultural greenhouse insulation film lays agricultural chemicals atomizer

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101019493B (en) * 2007-03-16 2011-04-13 陆阳 High performance heliogreenhouse
CN102884961A (en) * 2011-07-17 2013-01-23 申慧 Intelligent heat-preservation type sunlight greenhouse and manufacturing method
CN102415302A (en) * 2011-09-21 2012-04-18 常州润海花木有限公司 Greenhouse light control device
CN103070048A (en) * 2011-10-26 2013-05-01 梁建勋 Energy-saving and temperature-controlling type greenhouse
CN102422794A (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-04-25 陕西省烟草公司延安市公司 Informationized flue-cured tobacco seedling greenhouse
CN102422794B (en) * 2011-11-17 2013-05-15 陕西省烟草公司延安市公司 Informationized flue-cured tobacco seedling greenhouse
CN102523988A (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-07-04 江苏徐淮地区徐州农业科学研究所 Edible mushroom-vegetable coefficient sunlight greenhouse
CN102630527A (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-08-15 滦南县南唐水果种植专业合作社 Greenhouse interpenetrating production method and special double-body greenhouse structure
WO2013178039A1 (en) * 2012-05-31 2013-12-05 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Groove-type solar greenhouse and method for constructing same
CN103053364A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-04-24 崔勇 Modular constant-temperature constant-moisture automatic monitoring greenhouse area for crop planting
CN104705120A (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-06-17 北京市农林科学院 Energy-saving anti-season edible fungi cultivation greenhouse capable of reducing temperature
CN105684939A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-06-22 刘湘静 Intelligent control semi-open solar poultry breeding device
CN106818307A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-06-13 青岛智享专利技术开发有限公司 A kind of agricultural greenhouse insulation film lays agricultural chemicals atomizer

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