CN1853457A - Fast desertified soil vegetative cover cultured by active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer - Google Patents

Fast desertified soil vegetative cover cultured by active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1853457A
CN1853457A CN 200510025210 CN200510025210A CN1853457A CN 1853457 A CN1853457 A CN 1853457A CN 200510025210 CN200510025210 CN 200510025210 CN 200510025210 A CN200510025210 A CN 200510025210A CN 1853457 A CN1853457 A CN 1853457A
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soil
water
lay
composite
bacterial fertilizer
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Pending
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CN 200510025210
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Chinese (zh)
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邹国忠
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Shanghai Hongbao Green Aquatic Product Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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Shanghai Hongbao Green Aquatic Product Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 200510025210 priority Critical patent/CN1853457A/en
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Abstract

A water-preserving active composite bacterial fertilizer for quickly culturing the vegetation in desertized soil is prepared from photosynthetic bacteria, bacilli and azotobacteria through proportional mixing, fermenting, and proportionally adding active water-preserving agent.

Description

Active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer is fast desertified soil vegetative cover cultured
Water has extremely special and consequence in area such as arid, semiarid, when being in critical condition when the Arid land ecosystems serious water shortage, just causes the degeneration of the ecosystem.Therefore, increase the moisture in the soil, improve the physicochemical property of soil, strengthen its water conservation, fertilizer-preserving ability, become an important step of desertification treatment.Application of active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer of the present invention comes quickly breeding prone soil herbage vegetation, reaches the purpose of desertification treatment.
After using active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer on the prone soil in areas such as arid, semiarid zone, part composite microbial bacteria liquid and fertilizer can be penetrated into the depth of soils gradually, and partial gel shape bioactive water retaining agent then rests on surface layer.The active composite bacterial fertilizer that is penetrated in the soil can rationally improve soil physico-chemical property, provides comprehensively nutrition rationally to plant growing.The gel bioactive water retaining agent of surface layer can firmly pin moisture and nutrient when rainy season or pouring, and significantly reduce the evaporation of moisture and nutrient, so both cultivated necessary nutrition was provided, the normal growth that can make moisture that vegetation accumulates in the period of drought utilization and nutrient guarantee plant again for vegetation.
One of Main Ingredients and Appearance of active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer is a bioactive water retaining agent, and its Main Ingredients and Appearance is potassium base-polyacrylate-polyacrylamide trimerization build soil conditioner, is the free-flow white particle under the drying regime.It is met the rapid imbibition of water and becomes gel particle, can form " the miniature liquid manure storehouse " that absorb, store moisture and nutrient repeatedly in soil, and can slowly discharge moisture and nutrient guarantees plant normal growth, thereby plays the effect of resisting drought saving water and volume increase.
The mechanism of action of bioactive water retaining agent: the bioactive water retaining agent molecular weight is very big, it is three-dimensional netted that molecular structure is, meet and water-solublely expand and do not dissolve, part carboxyl group ionization in the water or the aqueous solution in its molecular structure is electronegative carboxylic ions, at this moment a lot of mutually exclusive charged ion groups are arranged on the strand, make polymer become huger, improved polymer absorbs greater amount water from the aqueous solution ability, by aquation, the hydrogen atom key binds molecular beam.Like this, it absorbs water into gel particle water and water soluble nutrient is stored in vivo, for the plant absorbing utilization.Absorb moisture and nutrient that gel stores the gel particle of plant root after imbibition, efficiently utilize the liquid manure resource of preciousness according to its needs.
The absorption multiplying power of bioactive water retaining agent is 300 times, still can keep powerful preserve moisture and fertility ability under soil pressure, and it absorbs 95% of liquid manure can be by plant utilization; It contains 21.4% potassium oxide, and the pH value is 7.0-8.0, can not cause the salinization of soil, and sufficient nutrient potassium is provided; Stability is high in the mixture of fertilizer, nutritional agents and salt, it repeatedly the drying and watering cycle convergent-divergent can improve soil permeability; Can anti-electrolysis damage, effect was 7 years in the soil; Long-term illumination is not decomposed, but can biological degradation become nitrogen, carbonic acid gas and water, does not have any poisonous residually, does not pollute the environment environmental protection.
Another Main Ingredients and Appearance of active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer is active composite bacterial fertilizer.It is the compound viable bacteria bacterial manure of environmental type of using the modern biotechnology exploitation, be specially at the soil property characteristics of prone soil, take fertilizer as the leading factor bacterial classification and the composite composite microbic bacterial fertilizer that various trace elements is arranged by what after the cultivation of the multiple beneficial bacterial strain of the meticulous seed selection of natural world and fermentation, obtain with photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus.
Active composite bacterial fertilizer adopts the dry concentration of vacuum and low temperature snap frozen, and microorganism all is in resting state, viable bacteria content height, long storage time effect stability.After using, the dormancy viable bacteria can very fast recovery and disintegration, and breeds into dominant microflora in the soil with multiple.Photosynthetic bacteria group in the active composite bacterial fertilizer, not only on leaf, and at soil, in water, can utilize solar energy, it can synthesize the growth that polyphenoils, amino acid, carbohydrate and various physiological activator come plant, also can make the active growth of other beneficial microbe in the soil; The company of microorganism takes effect in the active composite bacterial fertilizer; to improve soil environment; suppress harmful microorganism; enrich beneficial microbe, form regenerative system, dissolved phosphorus, potassium, fixed nitrogen; the energy three-dimensional is compiled; and improve the acid, alkali of soil, sticking, husky and easily waterlogging, easy undesirable properties such as drought, promote granuleization, the water conservation and the permeability of raising soil.The flora secretion of active composite bacterial fertilizer and synthetic material such as various organic acid, amino acid, enzyme, active hormones, antioxidative enzyme etc., can directly promote plant growing, can also decompose residual agricultural chemicals, soil is reduced in antioxidant status, give full play to the growing ability of crops in benign state.
Active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer utilizes in its composition bioactive water retaining agent and special composite microbic bacterial fertilizer efficiently, has following effect when fast desertified soil vegetative cover cultured:
1, fertile synergy is protected in water conservation drought resisting, improves the content of available potassium, rapid available phosphorus and full nitrogen in the soil;
2, change the physical property of desertification soil, reduce soil density, improve water retention in soil, increase soil aggregate, improve soil permeability and permeability, reduce sand ground water and soil and corrode, the sandy soil modification can be become clay;
3, fertilizer, composite bacterial fertilizer and humic acid fertilizer are organic compound, and the growth of plant is effectively activated, and promote growth and development of plants, improve emergence rate, planting percent and increasing both production and income;
4, the activity of microbial numbers and enzyme in the raising soil fundamentally changes soil property, prolongs plant and arrives the permanent thick time of withering, and reduces the death that causes because of transplanting, and the raising survival rate makes the herbage volume increase;
5, growing of active compound bacteria and metabolite stimulating plant root system thereof strengthened plant to the nutrient absorbing effect, also improves the lodging tolerance of plant simultaneously, and then the purpose that reaches volume increase and improve the quality of products.
[physicochemical character] yellowish-brown pulvis.
[main component] bioactive water retaining agent, photosynthetic bacteria, azotobacter, lactic acid bacteria, saccharomycete, fertilizer, humic acid fertilizer, vitamin, trace element etc.
[invented technology]
Processing step of the present invention is as follows:
1. special soil property characteristics at prone soil, the viable bacteria bacterial classification that selects training to take as the leading factor meticulously from natural world with photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus, azotobacter etc., by domestication respectively, rejuvenation and monoclonal technigue, obtain the composite composite microbic bacterial fertilizer that various trace elements is arranged, lay-by material A.
2. get raw material on the spot, as cavings, weeds, human and animal excreta, crops straw (chopping), cauline leaf, wood sawdust all can, add vinasse slag, edible mushroom matrix residue or grouts etc. and mix and stir lay-by material B;
3. press lay-by material B: lay-by material A: brown sugar 500-1000: 1: 1, the ratio of clear water 30-35% (look material and do the wet increase and decrease water yield) is dissolved brown sugar earlier, pours in the water, add lay-by material A viable bacteria bacterial classification again, mix with lay-by material B then and mix thoroughly, the stacking compacting is with plastic film or canvas sealing, anaerobic fermentation, through 10 days summers, 15 days winters sent distiller's yeast fragrance or white, red mycelia occurred, showed and fermented successfully.
4. by special biotechnology technology, utilize heat of fermentation of self and solar energy to combine, make a large amount of moisture in the material need not to reduce to 20% very soon under the situation of external energy, guaranteed that the nutrient in the material do not suffer a loss by 70-80%.
5. the material with step 4 gained adds bioactive water retaining agent in 300: 1 ratio, stirs and makes the gel active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer.
Technology of the present invention is simple and easy to do, raw material is easy to get, and preparation is reasonable, and its product is easy to use, be convenient to store, transport, the comprehensive utilization ratio height has no adverse effects to soil, and is free from environmental pollution, be to comply with current social back to nature, treasure water and life, pursue environmental protection, realize the only way of environment sustainable development.

Claims (5)

  1. At the soil property characteristics of prone soil, meticulously after the composite fermentation of bacterial classification that contains photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus, azotobacter isoreactivity microorganism that the choosing training goes out from the natural world separation and Culture, add bioactive water retaining agent in proportion, make active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer.Bioactive water retaining agent is met the rapid imbibition of water and is become gel particle, can form to absorb, store moisture and nutrient repeatedly in soil, and can slowly discharge moisture and nutrient guarantees plant normal growth, thereby play the effect of resisting drought saving water and volume increase.Composite bacterial fertilizer can fundamentally change the physical property of desertification soil, reduces soil density, improves water retention in soil, the water saving joint is fertile, available potassium improves in the soil, and rapid available phosphorus improves, and full nitrogen improves, can improve simultaneously the activity of microbial numbers and enzyme in the soil, prolong plant and arrive the permanent thick time of withering, reduce the death that causes because of transplanting, improve survival rate, can make the herbage volume increase, reach fast desertified soil vegetative cover cultured effect.
    [invented technology]
    1. special soil property characteristics at prone soil, the viable bacteria bacterial classification that selects training to take as the leading factor meticulously from natural world with photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus, azotobacter etc., by domestication respectively, rejuvenation and monoclonal technigue, obtain the composite composite microbic bacterial fertilizer that various trace elements is arranged, lay-by material A.
  2. 2. get raw material on the spot, as cavings, weeds, human and animal excreta, crops straw (chopping), cauline leaf, wood sawdust all can, add vinasse slag, edible mushroom matrix residue or grouts etc. and mix and stir lay-by material B;
  3. 3. press lay-by material B: lay-by material A: brown sugar 500-1000: 1: 1, the ratio of clear water 30-35% (look material and do the wet increase and decrease water yield) is dissolved brown sugar earlier, pours in the water, add lay-by material A viable bacteria bacterial classification again, mix with lay-by material B then and mix thoroughly, the stacking compacting is with plastic film or canvas sealing, anaerobic fermentation, through 10 days summers, 15 days winters sent distiller's yeast fragrance or white, red mycelia occurred, showed and fermented successfully.
  4. 4. by special biotechnology technology, utilize heat of fermentation of self and solar energy to combine, make a large amount of moisture in the material need not to reduce to 20% very soon under the situation of external energy, guaranteed that the nutrient in the material do not suffer a loss by 70-80%.
  5. 5. the material with step 4 gained adds bioactive water retaining agent in 300: 1 ratio, stirs and makes the gel active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer.
CN 200510025210 2005-04-20 2005-04-20 Fast desertified soil vegetative cover cultured by active water-retaining composite bacterial fertilizer Pending CN1853457A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101225004B (en) * 2008-02-04 2010-09-15 上海创博生态工程有限公司 Method for producing soil biological fertilizer by employing compound starter
CN102511278A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-06-27 北京丹路实业公司 Desert control technique using special microbial fertilized psammophyte fertilizer
CN103058795A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-24 德邦华源(北京)有机农业荒漠化治理技术发展有限公司 Nutrient restoration agent of organic activity desertification soil and preparation method thereof
CN103319239A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-09-25 上海泓宝绿色水产科技发展有限公司 Preparation method of active water retaining composite ecologic bacterial fertilizer
CN103460919A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-12-25 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Grass growing method based on sand stabilization mixture
CN106962009A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-07-21 内蒙古农业大学 A kind of method for improving grass seed yield under photovoltaic frame
CN106982641A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-07-28 内蒙古农业大学 A kind of method for improveing herbage strain plex structure under photovoltaic frame
CN107182509A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-09-22 江苏省林业科学研究院 A kind of utilization complex microorganism promotes the method that saline and alkaline lean soil organises
CN107409682A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-12-01 内蒙古农业大学 The planting and establishing method of artificial pasture under a kind of photovoltaic frame
CN108130094A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-08 厦门金裕安贸易有限公司 A kind of sandy soil improver and its application
CN108569940A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-09-25 罗富均 A kind of desert water retention organic fertilizer and its preparation and application

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101225004B (en) * 2008-02-04 2010-09-15 上海创博生态工程有限公司 Method for producing soil biological fertilizer by employing compound starter
CN102511278A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-06-27 北京丹路实业公司 Desert control technique using special microbial fertilized psammophyte fertilizer
CN103058795A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-24 德邦华源(北京)有机农业荒漠化治理技术发展有限公司 Nutrient restoration agent of organic activity desertification soil and preparation method thereof
CN103319239A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-09-25 上海泓宝绿色水产科技发展有限公司 Preparation method of active water retaining composite ecologic bacterial fertilizer
CN103460919A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-12-25 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Grass growing method based on sand stabilization mixture
CN103460919B (en) * 2013-08-05 2016-09-14 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 A kind of based on fixing the sand the kind grass method of compound
CN106962009A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-07-21 内蒙古农业大学 A kind of method for improving grass seed yield under photovoltaic frame
CN106982641A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-07-28 内蒙古农业大学 A kind of method for improveing herbage strain plex structure under photovoltaic frame
CN107409682A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-12-01 内蒙古农业大学 The planting and establishing method of artificial pasture under a kind of photovoltaic frame
CN107182509A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-09-22 江苏省林业科学研究院 A kind of utilization complex microorganism promotes the method that saline and alkaline lean soil organises
CN108130094A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-08 厦门金裕安贸易有限公司 A kind of sandy soil improver and its application
CN108130094B (en) * 2017-12-27 2020-05-05 厦门金裕安贸易有限公司 Sandy soil conditioner and application thereof
CN108569940A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-09-25 罗富均 A kind of desert water retention organic fertilizer and its preparation and application

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Open date: 20061101