CN1584292A - Crawler-type walking rockbolt drilling carriages - Google Patents

Crawler-type walking rockbolt drilling carriages Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1584292A
CN1584292A CN 200410012344 CN200410012344A CN1584292A CN 1584292 A CN1584292 A CN 1584292A CN 200410012344 CN200410012344 CN 200410012344 CN 200410012344 A CN200410012344 A CN 200410012344A CN 1584292 A CN1584292 A CN 1584292A
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China
Prior art keywords
support
connects
workbench
cable
oil cylinder
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CN 200410012344
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CN100396882C (en
Inventor
雷煌
王步康
王明普
马涛
赵国栋
常凯
赵明岗
杨韬仁
王鸿雁
赵建军
周旭
年魁
柳玉龙
丁永成
刘惠莉
李文军
侯向华
赵竹锋
吴恒建
王海涛
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Taiyuan Institute of China Coal Technology and Engineering Group
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TAIYUAN BRANCH OF COAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH GENERAL INST
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Priority to CNB2004100123440A priority Critical patent/CN100396882C/en
Publication of CN1584292A publication Critical patent/CN1584292A/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a crawler running roof-bolting jumbo for coal extraction in the pit. It mainly includes machine seat, working table, running mechanism, lifting mechanism, hydraulic mechanism, dust-removing mechanism, cable-rolling mechanism, drilling cramp component, slideway component, support component and electric control box, said whole machine adopts hydraulic transmission, automatic dust-removing, automatic cable-rolling and crawler running modes, and utilizes the hydraulic oil cylinder to control parallelogram lifting movement and can make moving, lifting and multi-arm roof-bolt drilling works in the excavating tunnel. Said invention is reasonable in structure, large in load-bearing capacity, reliable and high in working efficiency.

Description

Caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage, belong to the design of colliery down-hole mining roadway support anchor rig and the technical field of manufacturing.
Background technology
In modern large-scale colliery, down-hole mining roadway opening supporting operation is crucial, is safety work and prevents the main means that the coal seam subsides.
The anchor pole drill carriage is a mechanization support apparatus commonly used in the large-scale colliery, mainly contain the anchor pole drill carriage of Australia, Britain's production, China does not also have similar homemade vehicle, the anchor pole drill carriage that use at present domestic each large-scale colliery mainly relies on import, but import equipment blockade on new techniques is commonplace, its complex structure, fault rate height, maintenance difficulty are big, fragile part supply cycle is long, price is high, some key technologies do not meet the China's coal-mine explosion-proof criteria, are difficult to satisfy the needs of large-scale mine to efficient support apparatus.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present invention is exactly at the present situation of background technology and deficiency, according to China's coal field geology state and the on-the-spot actual conditions of mining, explosion-proof technology standard according to China, design a kind of novel caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage, to adapt to the needs that down-hole mining tunnel anchor bores supporting, make armature boring realize mechanization fully, machinery, electrical component and ancillary facility adopt the explosion-proof technology design, complete machine uses hydraulic drive, the multi-arm anchor bores operation simultaneously, bore efficient and quality to increase substantially anchor, to guarantee safe and reliablely under adverse circumstances to finish the supporting operation.
Technical scheme
Primary structure of the present invention comprises: support, workbench, walking mechanism, elevating mechanism, dedusting mechanism, hydraulic mechanism, volume cable mechanism, operating mechanism, drilling cramp assembly, slide track component, a protecting assembly, electric control box; Connect crawler belt in the bottom of support 1 bilateral symmetry and walk mechanism 2; Support 1, walking mechanism 2 connect two hoist cylinders 10, front rod 11, the back link rod 12 of elevating mechanism by bearing pin 42,43,44,45,46, and connect top workbench 3 by elevating mechanism; Support 1, walking mechanism 2, workbench 3, hoist cylinder 10, front rod 11, back link 12 are formed liftable parallelogram sturcutre; Front portion at workbench 3 connects slide track component 8 by left crossbeam 47, right crossbeam 48, and the front portion of slide track component 8 connects a protecting assembly 9, and the rear portion of slide track component 8 connects the drilling cramp 15,16,17,18 of drilling cramp assembly 7; Symmetry is equipped with bin 6 in the left and right sides, rear portion of workbench 3, and the top symmetry of left and right sides bin 6 is equipped with hopper 4, and the operation panel 13 of operating mechanism is housed in the left side central portion of bin 6; Support 1 is the van-type structure, the middle part of support 1 is by bearing pin 41,44 connect back link 12, back link 12 tops are work corridor pedal 30, the left side is the fuel tank 28 of hydraulic mechanism in the support 1, and connection hydraulic power unit 32, motor 36, the right side is the fuel tank 27 of hydraulic mechanism in the support 1, and connection hydraulic power unit 31, motor 35, the outside left part of support 1 is a disposal box 26, and connect dedusting fan 22 on it, 24, the outside right part of support 1 is a disposal box 25, and connect dedusting fan 21 on it, 23, disposal box 26 is by the dedusting cyclone group 19 of airduct connection front end, and disposal box 25 connects the dedusting cyclone group 20 of front end by airduct, the rear portion left-external side of support 1 is an electric control box 40, and the outside, the right side, rear portion of support 1 is volume cable mechanism 51; The centre of workbench 3 connects ceiling 5 by crane oil cylinder 14, and bilateral symmetry connects folding pedal 65,75; Stablize oil cylinder 93 before be equipped with the front portion of walking mechanism 2, stablize oil cylinder 94 after be equipped with at the rear portion of support 1; Two front lamps 37 are equipped with on the top of slide track component 8, and two rear lighting lamps 38 are equipped with at the rear portion of support 1, and fluorescent lamp 39 is equipped with at the rear portion of the ceiling 5 of workbench 3; The inner chamber that the pipeline of hydraulic mechanism and cable pass back link 12 leads to workbench 3.
Described drilling cramp assembly 7 is made up of 4 identical drilling cramps 15,16,17,18 of structure, and the centre is a framework 52, and the left side of framework 52 connects bracing frame 63, and bracing frame 63 connects support cylinder 53; The right side of framework 52 connects balladeur train 64, and the bottom of balladeur train 64 connects progress and gives oil cylinder 59, the short feed cylinder 60 of connection on balladeur train 64, and balladeur train 64 connects brill case 57 and drilling rod 121 by multiplication chain 120; Liquid plate 61 was equipped with in the middle and upper part, right side of framework 52, crossed on the liquid plate 61 blast connection 62 is housed; Coupling spindle 54 is equipped with in middle and lower part, left side at framework 52, installs on the coupling spindle 54 to connect swinging axle 56, and be dump ram 55 between framework 52 and the coupling spindle 54, left front of coupling spindle 54 is cam 29.
Described protecting assembly 9, two groups of bilateral symmetry of branch are fixedly connected in the front portion of the fixed rack 78 of slide track component 8, every group of structure is identical, one group on right side, supporting casing 66 left parts connect by coupling block 73 goes up an oil cylinder 72, upper squeezed branch 71, supporting casing 66 right parts connect a following oil cylinder 67, lower squeezed branch 68 by coupling block 74, and replace with one group of position, right side in one group in left side, on prop up oil cylinder 72, upper squeezed branch 71 and a following oil cylinder 67, lower squeezed branch about 68, upper-lower position and put upside down.
Described slide track component 8, mainly by fixed rack 78, move left slide rail 79, the slide rail 80 that moves right, coupling spindle 54 form; The two ends of fixed rack 78 1 sides are provided with two keyways 82, be fixedly connected by the left crossbeam 47 of the flat key, screw and the workbench 3 that are placed in one, the keyway 108,109 on the right crossbeam 48, the two ends of the opposite side of fixed rack 78 are provided with two keyways 81, connect with a protecting assembly 9 by flat key placed on it, screw; The front of fixed rack 78 is a gusset piece 92, and connects installing rack 91, installs on the installing rack 91 to connect dedusting cyclone group 19,20, and the top, top of installing rack 91 is provided with two front lamps 37; Left and right shifting sledge 79,80 is contained in the upper and lower surface of fixed rack 78 respectively, moves left slide rail 79 and stretches left by oil cylinder 33, and the slide rail 80 that moves right is flexible to the right by oil cylinder 34; Be provided with two coupling spindles 54 in the middle part of fixed rack 78 bilateral symmetry, the cam 29 on the coupling spindle 54 connects two oscillating oil cylinders provided thereon 58, and its flexible rotation is tilted; Respectively establish a coupling spindle 54 on the left and right shifting sledge 79,80, the cam 29 on the coupling spindle 54 connects oscillating oil cylinder 58 provided thereon, and its flexible rotation is tilted; Coupling spindle 54 is two-way coupling spindle, and an end connects drilling cramp assembly 7, the other end connects slide track component 8; The both sides of left and right slide rail 79,80 are equipped with backplate 96,95 respectively.
Described workbench 3, bottom are base 101, and the lower left quarter of base 101 is that left crossbeam 47, right lower quadrant are right crossbeam 48; Folding pedal 65 is equipped with in the left side of base 101, folding pedal 75 is equipped with on the right side; On the top of the rear portion of base 101, left and right crossbeam be ceiling 5 holder 102,103, between holder 102,103 and ceiling 5, be crane oil cylinder 14; The rearward end both sides of workbench 3 are provided with hoist cylinder connection seat 104,105, connect with two hoist cylinders 10 by bearing pin 46; Be provided with back link seat 106,107 in the middle of the rearward end of workbench 3, connect with back link 12 by bearing pin 46; The bottom of left and right crossbeam 47,48 is provided with connection holes 99,100, connects with front rod 11 by bearing pin 45; Be provided with folding oil cylinder 110,111 at the two ends of workbench, connect with folding pedal 75,65 respectively; The front end face of left and right crossbeam 47,48 is provided with keyway 108,109, connects with fixed rack 78 by flat key, screw.
Described volume cable mechanism 51 is made up of cable drum, sprocket wheel, driving-chain, cable support, motor; Cable drum 112 right sides are input line chamber 113, defeated line inlet port 115, left side be connected and fixed dish 76, output line chamber 114, output line mouth 116, the middle part of cable drum 112 is provided with takes off cable protection knob 117, cable drum 112 two ends connect sprocket wheel 50,49, the rear portion of cable drum 112 is provided with cable support 97, be provided with motor 77 between cable drum 112 and the cable support 97, cable support 97 is fixed on by fixed mount 122 on the side plate of support 1, and cable drum 112, fixed disk 76, motor 77 be also fixing and cable support 97 formation driving coupling relations on support 1; The sprocket wheel 69 that right side sprocket wheel 50 on the cable drum 112 connects on the cable support 97 by driving-chain 118, the sprocket wheel 70 that the left side sprocket wheel 49 on the cable drum 112 connects on the motor 77 by driving-chain 119; Cable 98 is by the defeated line inlet port 115 on the slip ring 83 tie cable cylinders 112 on the cable support 97.
Described elevating mechanism is made up of two hoist cylinders 10, front rod 11, back link 12, bearing pin 42,43,44,45,46; Front rod 11, back link 12 are H shape structure; Left crossbeam 47, right crossbeam 48 that front rod 11 tops connect on the workbench 3 by bearing pin 45, the bottom of front rod 11 connects with the anterior left and right sides of support 1 by bearing pin 43; The back link seat 106,107 that the top of back link 12 connects on the workbench 3 by bearing pin 46, the bottom of back link 12 connects with the rear portion left and right sides of support 1 by bearing pin 44; Two hoist cylinder 10 tops connect with hoist cylinder seat 104,105 on the workbench 3 by bearing pin 46, and the bottom of two hoist cylinders 10 is passed through bearing pin 42 and connected with track frame 90 front ends of left and right sides walking mechanism 2; Elevating mechanism is formed parallelogram sturcutre by workbench 3, front rod 11,12, two hoist cylinders 10 of back link, support 1, left and right sides walking mechanism 2.
Described dedusting mechanism is made up of disposal box, dedusting fan, dedusting cyclone, dedust air duct, strainer, sound absorber; Dedusting mechanism bilateral symmetry in support 1 is installed, and structure is identical; On left side disposal box 26, anterior, dedusting fan 22, rear portion be provided with strainer 123 in the disposal box 26,25 for being dedusting fan 24, and dedusting fan 22,24 connects respectively with two cyclones of dedusting cyclone group 19 on being installed in slide track component 8 by airduct; On right side dust cleaning case 25, anterior for dedusting fan 21, rear portion are dedusting fan 23, dedusting fan 21,23 connects respectively with two cyclones of dedusting cyclone group 20 on being installed in slide track component 8 by airduct; Cyclone group 19,20 connects with brill case 57 on the drilling cramp assembly 7 by airduct, and left and right disposal box 26,25 connects with the sound absorber 124 of being located at the bottom, back by dedust air duct respectively.
Described walking mechanism 2 is symmetrical two track structures, front end at crawler belt support 90 is jockey sprocket 87, preceding stable oil cylinder 93, hanger 88, the middle part of crawler belt support 90 is hydraulic drive motor 84 and the crawler belt sprocket wheel 89 that connects reducer 85 and rear portion, crawler belt 86 connects crawler belt support 90, jockey sprocket 87, crawler belt sprocket wheel 89, form the crawler type driving coupling, hydraulic drive motor 84 connects hydraulic power unit 31,32 by fluid pressure line.
Described hydraulic mechanism is made up of fuel tank, hydraulic power unit, motor, fluid pressure line, hydraulic motor, hydraulic jack, operation panel; Bilateral symmetry at support 1 is equipped with two cover hydraulic oil containers, hydraulic power unit, the left side is for fuel tank 28 and connect hydraulic power unit 32, liquid pump station 32 connects motor 36, the right side is fuel tank 27 and connects hydraulic power unit 31, hydraulic power unit 31 connects motor 35, and hydraulic power unit 31,32 connects workbench 3, drilling cramp assembly 7, slide track component 8, props up each hydraulic drive oil cylinder, CD-ROM drive motor on protecting assembly 9, walking mechanism 2, operation panel 13 and the elevating mechanism by fluid pressure line.
Effect
The present invention compares with background technology, make down-hole coal excavation roadway support equipment that home-made model arranged, filled up the blank of China's anchor pole drill carriage product, it is long to have overcome import type fragile part supply cycle, maintenance difficulty is big, the difficult problem of incompatibility China geological conditions and requirement of explosion proof, this drill carriage adopts the 3D solid Virtual Prototype Technique to design, each mechanism's mechanical relationship is reasonable, complete machine adopts hydraulic drive, automatically dedusting, automatically roll up cable, crawler-type traveling, the lifting of hydraulic jack domination parallelogram, in the digging tunnel, can carry out moving freely, lifting, the operation of multi-arm armature boring, make anchor bore supporting and realized mechanization fully, this drill carriage is fit to China's coal-mine down-hole geological conditions, the electrical equipment component adopts explosion-proof design, meet China's explosion-proof criteria, adaptation is worked under adverse circumstances, this drill carriage is rational in infrastructure, bearing capacity is big, walking is moved reliable freely, anchor drilling speed degree is fast, the efficient height, quality is good, the safety factor height, be very good down-hole mining safety support equipment, the exploitation supporting anchor that this drill carriage also can be used for other mineral bores operation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an anchor pole drill carriage overall structure front view
Fig. 2 is the overall structure vertical view that removes hopper
Fig. 3 rises state diagram for complete machine
Fig. 4 is the drilling cramp structure chart
Fig. 5 rises state diagram for drilling cramp
Fig. 6 is a protecting assembly front view
Fig. 7 is the supporting assembly plan view
Fig. 8 is the A-A cross sectional side view of Fig. 6
Fig. 9 is the slide track component front view
Figure 10 is the B-B cross sectional side view of Fig. 9
Figure 11 is that the K of Figure 10 is to rear elevation
Figure 12 is the workbench front view that removes hopper
Figure 13 is the workbench vertical view that removes hopper
Figure 14 is the workbench lateral view that removes hopper
Figure 15 is volume cable mechanism structure chart
Shown in the figure, each piece number inventory is as follows:
1; support, 2; walking mechanism, 3; workbench; 4; hopper, 5; ceiling, 6; bin; 7; the drilling cramp assembly, 8; slide track component, 9; prop up protecting assembly; 10; hoist cylinder, 11; front rod, 12; back link; 13; operation panel, 14; the crane oil cylinder, 15; drilling cramp; 16; drilling cramp, 17; drilling cramp, 18; drilling cramp; 19; the cyclone group, 20; the cyclone group, 21; dedusting fan; 22; dedusting fan, 23; dedusting fan, 24; dedusting fan; 25; disposal box, 26; disposal box, 27; fuel tank; 28; fuel tank, 29; cam, 30; the plastic cement pedal; 31; hydraulic power unit, 32; hydraulic power unit, 33; mobile oil cylinder; 34; mobile oil cylinder, 35; motor, 36; motor; 37; headlight, 38; back light, 39; fluorescent lamp; 40; electric control box, 41; bearing pin, 42; bearing pin; 43; bearing pin; 44; bearing pin, 45; bearing pin, 46; bearing pin; 47; left side crossbeam; 48; right crossbeam, 49; sprocket wheel, 50; sprocket wheel; 51; volume cable mechanism; 52; framework, 53; support cylinder, 54; coupling spindle; 55; dump ram; 56; swinging axle, 57; bore case, 58; oscillating oil cylinder; 59; progress is given oil cylinder; 60; short feed cylinder, 61; cross the liquid plate, 62; blast connection; 63; bracing frame; 64; balladeur train, 65; the folding pedal, 66; prop up protecting box; 67; under prop up oil cylinder; 68; lower squeezed branch, 69; sprocket wheel, 70; sprocket wheel; 71; upper squeezed branch; 72; go up an oil cylinder, 73; coupling block, 74; coupling block; 75; the folding pedal; 76; fixed disk, 77; motor, 78; fixed rack; 79; move left slide rail; 80; the slide rail that moves right, 81; keyway, 82; keyway; 83; slip ring; 84; hydraulic drive motor, 85; reducer, 86; crawler belt; 87; jockey sprocket; 88; hanger, 89; the crawler belt sprocket wheel, 90; the crawler belt support; 91; installing rack; 92; junction plate, 93; before stablize oil cylinder, 94; oil cylinder is stablized in the back; 95; backplate; 96; backplate, 97; cable support, 98; cable; 99; connection holes; 100; connection holes, 101; table base, 102; the ceiling seat; 103; the ceiling seat; 104; the hoist cylinder seat, 105; the hoist cylinder seat, 106; the back link seat; 107; the back link seat; 108; keyway, 109; keyway, 110; the folding oil cylinder; 111; the folding oil cylinder; 112; cable drum, 113; input line chamber, 114; the output line chamber; 115; defeated line inlet port; 116; the output line mouth, 117; take off the cable protection knob, 118; driving-chain; 119; driving-chain; 120; the multiplication chain, 121; drilling rod, 122; fixed mount; 123; strainer, 124; sound absorber
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is done further narration.
Shown in Fig. 1,2,3, this drill carriage is large-scale, the heavy-duty machinery of more than 40 ton of a deadweight, owing to be operation in the adverse circumstances of down-hole, each electrical equipment component has all been done explosion-proof design; Support 1, walking mechanism 2, workbench 3, drilling cramp assembly 7, slide track component 8, a protecting assembly 9 and elevating mechanism are formed a complete complete machine type; Remain static during not operation of complete machine, workbench 3, drilling cramp assembly 7, slide track component 8, a protecting assembly 9, hopper 4, bin 6, ceiling 5, crane oil cylinder 14 and elevating mechanism fall, highly reduce, gravity balance, support 1 and each mechanism all place both sides walking mechanism 2 above, the long distance walking of complete machine also is in this state when mobile, thus about two carrying supporting gravity that walking mechanism 2 is this drill carriage; When the drill carriage operation, complete machine is in running order, two hoist cylinders 10, front rod 11, back link 12 jack-up workbench 3, the parallelogram structure, prop up an oil cylinder 72 of going up of protecting assembly 9, upper squeezed branch 71 jack-up are to the top in tunnel, under prop up oil cylinder 67, lower squeezed branch 68 falls to the ground in tunnel, push up following the relatively-stationary stable state of complete machine in the formation, at this moment, folding pedal 65 on the workbench 3,75 can open and set level the corridor of working and use, drilling cramp 15 on the drilling cramp assembly 7,16,17, the 18 anchor pole operations of can holing, dedusting mechanism turns round thereupon, hoist cylinder 10 visual digging height of tunnel are adjusted, and ceiling 5 visual operation personnel need carry out Height Adjustment and both sides stretching, extension adjustment by crane oil cylinder 14.
The hoist cylinder 10 of elevating mechanism is two two telescopic oil cylinders, because whole workbench and anchor rig place are thereon, the carrying support force is very big during rise, and stability will get well, so telescopic oil cylinder will adopt high strength design; Front rod 11, back link 12 are H shape structure, whole workbench 3 and the support 1 of connecting in front and back up and down,, support force is big, need to make of high-intensity structural alloy steel, hoist cylinder 10, front rod 11, back link 12 will cooperate with bearing pin 42,43,44,45,46 flexibly, to guarantee lifting freely.
Support 1 is the carrying main body of complete machine, adopt case structure, to increase the intensity and the supporting capacity of support, the centre of support 1 is the gripper shoe of the H type structure of back link 12, plastic cement pedal 30 is housed on the gripper shoe of back link 12, and plastic cement pedal 30 is done the work corridor of support 1 and is used; Place fuel tank 27,28, hydraulic power unit 31,32, motor 35,36, disposal box 25,26, dedusting fan 21,22,23,24 on the support 1 to be left and right sides symmetry installation, electric control box 40, volume cable mechanism 51 are at the rear portion of support 1, also be bilateral symmetry and install, to guarantee the weight balancing of support; Volume cable mechanism 51 connects with external power supply by an end of cable, and the other end connects with electric control box 40, and electric control box 40 connects with operation panel 13, motor 35,36,77 by the machine inner cable.
Hydraulic mechanism is made up of fuel tank 27,28, hydraulic power unit 31,32, motor 35,36 and all kinds of hydraulic motor, hydraulic jack, fluid pressure line; Realize walking, anchor brill, supporting, lifting and various relevant auxiliary movement, hydraulic mechanism is carried out anchor and is bored and the two big function lockings of walking, the power that does not provide anchor to bore and walk simultaneously, when anchor bores operation, the hydraulic drive motor 84 of walking mechanism 2 is closed, and when complete machine was walked, anchor brill, supporting, lifting and related fluid compressing cylinder, hydraulic motor were closed, to alleviate the living load of hydraulic mechanism, guarantee job safety.
Dedusting mechanism is the indispensable supporting facility that anchor bores operation, and the rock dirt that boring produces will in time be handled, and blocks drilling rod brill case in order to avoid pile up, and influences anchor and bores effect, and rock dirt also can pollute working environment, influences workers ' health; It is the same that this machine is provided with two nested structures, the dust removal installation that symmetry is installed, adopt vacuum cleaning, the mode of three-stage filtration, wherein cyclone is a primary dust removing, disposal box is a two-stage dust removal, strainer is a 3-stage dust-removal, during bore operation, dedusting fan 21,22,23,24 open, form negative pressure in the airduct, absorb rock dirt, bore case 57 UNICOM's cyclone groups 19,20, each cyclone group respectively has two cyclones, cyclone group 19,20 by airduct connection disposal box 26,25, disposal box 26, be provided with strainer 123 in 25, rock dirt is through cyclone, airduct, disposal box, strainer filters the back and removes, sound absorber 124 can be eliminated the dedusting noise of blower fan, and the wind in the airduct can be discharged clean wind after sound absorber 124 is handled simultaneously, also can improve the ventilation condition of operation field.
Creeper undercarriage 2 by about two crawler type walking mechanisms form, by high power hydraulic CD-ROM drive motor 84 drive reducers 85, crawler belt sprocket wheel 89 drives; Track frame 90 front portions have the output shaft of the reducer 85 at jockey sprocket 87, preceding stable oil cylinder 93, rear portion to connect drive sprocket 89; Crawler belt 86 is looped around track frame 90, leading on sprocket wheel 87, drive sprocket 89; Walking mechanism 2 can realize moving ahead, retreats, turns to, infinitely variable speeds, can adapt to the walking operation of down-hole adverse circumstances, the total weight of carrying complete machine and annex during walking.
Shown in Fig. 4,5, drilling cramp assembly 7 is main execution units that the complete machine anchor bores function, and this machine is designed to four arms, but also multi-arm has four drilling cramps 15,16,17,18, can use single, a plurality of or the operation simultaneously of four arms, and each drilling cramp structure is the same, can bore by independent anchor; Under the domination of support cylinder 53, bracing frame 63 slides up and down along the track in framework 52 left sides, props up top board when anchor bores, and stablizes drilling cramp; Give under the domination of oil cylinder 59 in progress, balladeur train 64 is done on the right rail of framework 52 and is slided up and down, and adjusts distance up and down; Short feed cylinder 60 drives brill case 57 by multiplication chain 120 and moves up and down along balladeur train 64, to adjust the anchor drilling depth; Bore in the case 57 and be provided with motor and removable drilling rod 121,121 work of driven by motor drilling rod, coupling spindle 54 left part cams 29 connect with slide track component 8, coupling spindle 54 connects the oscillating oil cylinder 58 on dump ram 55, swinging axle 56 and the slide track component 8 simultaneously, form adjustable triangular structure by framework 52, coupling spindle 54, swinging axle 56, dump ram 55, so promptly stablize drilling cramp, under the effect of dump ram 55, also can adjust the angle that tilts forward and back of drilling cramp; Under the effect of the oscillating oil cylinder 58 of slide track component 8,, make when boring case 57, drilling rod 121 borings and can stretch, swing, tilt by cam 29, swinging axle 56, dump ram 55, be beneficial to probing, drilling rod 121 is operate portions of drill carriage, and length is 1.8-2 rice, and visual drilling depth adjustment is changed.
Shown in Fig. 6,7,8, propping up protecting assembly 9 is symmetrical two combinations, form by a casing 66 and two two-stage telescopic oil cylinders that make progress downward respectively 72,67 for every group, casing 66 is fixed on the fixed rack 78, upper squeezed branch 71 and lower squeezed branch 68 can increase the supporting area, reduce grounding pressure, go up following of top during operation, stablize complete machine.
Shown in Fig. 9,10,11, slide track component 8 is mainly by fixed rack 78, moves left slide rail 79, the slide rail 80 that moves right forms; Fixed rack 78 main effects are that transition connects, and the front portion of fixed rack 78 connects a protecting assembly 9, and the rear portion connects the left and right crossbeam 47,48 of workbench 3, and drilling cramp 16,17 is connected in the front portion of fixed rack 78; On fixed rack 78, move left slide rail 79 by oil cylinder 33 connections that move to left, oil cylinder 34 connects the slide rail 80 that moves right below by moving to right, make and move left slide rail 79 and the slide rail 80 that moves right stretches out respectively to the left or to the right along fixed rack 78, drive the drilling cramp 15,18 on it respectively, to adjust the horizontal spacing that anchor bores; Drilling cramp 15,16,17,18 connects with fixed rack 78, left and right shifting sledge 79,80 by coupling spindle 54, coupling spindle 54 1 ends connect drilling cramp, the other end is formed crank structure by cam 29 and oscillating oil cylinder 58, make the drilling cramp angle that can swing, flexible by oscillating oil cylinder 58, drive cam 29 rotations on the coupling spindle 54, realize that coupling spindle 54 swings; When coupling spindle 54 connects with drilling cramp assembly 7, form adjustable triangular structure, make drilling cramp stable by framework 52, dump ram 55, swinging axle 56; Gusset piece 92 is installed dedusting cyclone group 19,20 on the installing rack 91, note the installation site, and each cyclone group has two cyclones, and each cyclone will be aimed at a brill case 57 on the drilling cramp, is beneficial to dedusting.
Figure 12,13, shown in 14, workbench 3 is main working platform of complete machine, it also is carrying platform, the anchor of drilling cramp bores operation and finishes on workbench 3, drilling cramp assembly 7, slide track component 8, propping up protecting assembly 9 all directly or indirectly is connected on the workbench 3, ceiling 5 on the workbench 3 provides safe working environment, can stretch out to the left and right, visual operation personnel need adjust its height by crane oil cylinder 14, work as a left side, slide rail 79 moves right, 80 when stretching out, folding pedal 65,75 by folding oil cylinder 110,111 controls are opened to the left and right, become working platform, ceiling 5 is stretched out to the left and right simultaneously, with protection operating personnel safety operation on drilling cramp; Hopper 4 on the workbench 3 is two, is the material platform of depositing anchor drill tools, drilling rod, auxiliary material, and bin 6 is to support facilities such as hopper 4 and fitting operation case 13.
Shown in Figure 15, volume cable mechanism 51 is in order to adapt to the reciprocating needs of anchor pole drill carriage, can carry out the auto reeling cable when drill carriage to move, adopted domestic explosion-proof technology type design, and the safe handling of cable when having guaranteed underground work is when using 25mm 2During cable, controlled coiling length is 175 meters.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage, it is characterized in that: primary structure comprises: support, workbench, walking mechanism, elevating mechanism, dedusting mechanism, hydraulic mechanism, volume cable mechanism, operating mechanism, drilling cramp assembly, slide track component, a protecting assembly, electric control box; Connect crawler belt in the bottom of support (1) bilateral symmetry and walk mechanism (2); Support (1), walking mechanism (2) connect two hoist cylinders (10), front rod (11), the back link rod (12) of elevating mechanism by bearing pin (42), (43), (44), (45), (46), and connect top workbench (3) by elevating mechanism; Support (1), walking mechanism (2), workbench (3), hoist cylinder (10), front rod (11), back link (12) are formed liftable parallelogram sturcutre; Front portion at workbench (3) connects slide track component (8) by left crossbeam (47), right crossbeam (48), the front portion of slide track component (8) connects a protecting assembly (9), and the rear portion of slide track component (8) connects drilling cramp (15), (16), (17), (18) of drilling cramp assembly (7); Symmetry is equipped with bin (6) in the left and right sides, rear portion of workbench (3), and the top symmetry of left and right sides bin (6) is equipped with hopper (4), and the operation panel (13) of operating mechanism is housed in the left side central portion of bin (6); Support (1) is the van-type structure, the middle part of support (1) is by bearing pin (41), (44) connect back link (12), back link (12) top is work corridor pedal (30), the left side is the fuel tank (28) of hydraulic mechanism in the support (1), and connection hydraulic power unit (32), motor (36), the interior right side of support (1) is the fuel tank (27) of hydraulic mechanism, and connection hydraulic power unit (31), motor (35), the outside left part of support (1) is disposal box (26), and connect dedusting fan (22) on it, (24), the outside right part of support (1) is disposal box (25), and connect dedusting fan (21) on it, (23), disposal box (26) connects the dedusting cyclone group (19) of front end by airduct, disposal box (25) connects the dedusting cyclone group (20) of front end by airduct, the rear portion left-external side of support (1) is electric control box (40), and the outside, the right side, rear portion of support (1) is volume cable mechanism (51); The centre of workbench (3) connects ceiling (5) by crane oil cylinder 14, and bilateral symmetry connects folding pedal (65), (75); Stablize oil cylinder (93) before be equipped with the front portion of walking mechanism (2), stablize oil cylinder (94) after be equipped with at the rear portion of support (1); Two front lamps (37) are equipped with on the top of slide track component (8), and two rear lighting lamps (38) are equipped with at the rear portion of support (1), and fluorescent lamp (39) is equipped with at the rear portion of the ceiling (5) of workbench (3); The inner chamber that the pipeline of hydraulic mechanism and cable pass back link (12) leads to workbench (3).
2, caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described drilling cramp assembly (7), form by 4 identical drilling cramp (15), (16), (17), (18) of structure, the centre is framework (52), the left side of framework (52) connects bracing frame (63), and bracing frame (63) connects support cylinder (53); The right side of framework (52) connects balladeur train (64), the bottom of balladeur train (64) connects progress and gives oil cylinder (59), go up the short feed cylinder (60) of connection at balladeur train (64), balladeur train (64) connects brill case (57) and drilling rod (121) by multiplication chain (120), liquid plate (61) was equipped with in the middle and upper part, right side of framework (52), crossed on the liquid plate (61) blast connection (62) is housed; In the middle and lower part, left side of framework (52) coupling spindle (54) is housed, coupling spindle (54) is gone up to install and is connected swinging axle (56), is dump ram (55) between framework (52) and the coupling spindle (54), and left front of coupling spindle (54) is cam (29).
3, caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described protecting assembly (9), two groups of bilateral symmetry of branch are fixedly connected in the front portion of the fixed rack (78) of slide track component (8), every group of structure is identical, one group on right side, supporting casing (66) left part is by in coupling block (73) connection oil cylinder (72), upper squeezed branch (71), supporting casing (66) right part connects a following oil cylinder (67) by coupling block (74), lower squeezed branch (68), one group in left side and the displacement of one group of position, right side, on prop up oil cylinder (72), a upper squeezed branch (71) and a following oil cylinder (67), about lower squeezed branch (68), upper-lower position is put upside down.
4, caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described slide track component (8), mainly by fixed rack (78), move left slide rail (79), the slide rail that moves right (80), coupling spindle (54) and form; The two ends of fixed rack (78) one sides are provided with two keyways (82), be fixedly connected by the left crossbeam (47) of flat key, screw and the workbench (3) that are placed in one, keyway (108), (109) on the right crossbeam (48), the two ends of the opposite side of fixed rack (78) are provided with two keyways (81), connect with a protecting assembly (9) by flat key placed on it, screw; The front of fixed rack (78) is gusset piece (92), and connects installing rack (91), and installing rack (91) is gone up to install and connected dedusting cyclone (19), (20), and the top, top of installing rack (91) is provided with two front lamps (37); Left and right shifting sledge (79), (80) are contained in the upper and lower surface of fixed rack (78) respectively, move left slide rail (79) and stretch left by oil cylinder (33), and the slide rail that moves right (80) is flexible to the right by oil cylinder (34); Middle part bilateral symmetry at fixed rack (78) is provided with two coupling spindles (54), and the cam (29) on the coupling spindle (54) connects oscillating oil cylinder (58) provided thereon, and its flexible rotation is tilted; Respectively establish a coupling spindle (54) on left and right shifting sledge (79), (80), the cam (29) on the coupling spindle (54) connects oscillating oil cylinder (58) provided thereon, and its flexible rotation is tilted; Coupling spindle (54) is two-way coupling spindle, and an end connects drilling cramp assembly (7), the other end connects slide track component (8); The both sides of left and right slide rail (79), (80) are equipped with backplate (96), (95) respectively.
5, caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described workbench (3), bottom are base (101), and the lower left quarter of base (101) is that left crossbeam (47), right lower quadrant are right crossbeam (48); Folding pedal (65) is equipped with in the left side of base (101), folding pedal (75) is equipped with on the right side; At the rear portion of base (101), the top of left and right crossbeam (47), (48) be ceiling (5) holder (102), (103), between holder (102), (103) and ceiling (5), be crane oil cylinder (14); The rearward end both sides of workbench (3) are provided with hoist cylinder connection seat (104), (105), connect with two hoist cylinders (10) by bearing pin (46); Be provided with back link seat (106), (107) in the middle of the rearward end of workbench (3), connect with back link (12) by bearing pin (46); The bottom of left and right crossbeam (47), (48) is provided with connection holes (99), (100), connects with front rod (11) by bearing pin (45); Be provided with folding oil cylinder (110), (111) at the two ends of workbench, connect with folding pedal (75), (65) respectively; The front end face of left and right crossbeam (47), (48) is provided with keyway (108), (109), connects with fixed rack (78) by flat key, screw.
6, caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described volume cable mechanism (51), be made up of cable drum, sprocket wheel, driving-chain, cable support, motor; Cable drum (112) right side is input line chamber (113), input line (115), the left side dish (76) that is connected and fixed, output line chamber (114), output line (116), the middle part of cable drum (112) is provided with takes off cable protection knob (117), cable drum (112) two ends connect sprocket wheel (50), (49), the rear portion of cable drum (112) is provided with cable support (97), be provided with motor (77) between cable drum (112) and the cable support (97), cable support (97) is fixed on support (1) side plate by fixed mount (122), cable drum (112), fixed disk (76), motor (77) is gone up also fixing and cable support (97) formation driving coupling relation at support (1); Right side sprocket wheel (50) on the cable drum (112) is by the sprocket wheel (69) on driving-chain (118) the connection cable support (97), and the left side sprocket wheel (49) on the cable drum (112) is by the sprocket wheel (70) on driving-chain (119) the connection motor (77); Cable (98) is by the input line (115) on slip ring (83) the tie cable cylinder (112) on the cable support (97).
7, caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described elevating mechanism is made up of two hoist cylinders (10), front rod (11), back link (12), bearing pin (42), (43), (44), (45), (46); Front rod (11), back link (12) are H type structure; Front rod (11) top is by left crossbeam (47), right crossbeam (48) on bearing pin (45) the connection workbench (3), and the bottom of front rod (11) connects with the anterior left and right sides of support (1) by bearing pin (43); The top of back link (12) is by back link seat (106), (107) on bearing pin (46) the connection workbench (3), and the bottom of back link (12) connects with the rear portion left and right sides of support (1) by bearing pin (44); Two hoist cylinders (10) top connects with hoist cylinder seat (104), (105) on the workbench (3) by bearing pin (46), and the bottom of two hoist cylinders (10) is passed through bearing pin (42) and connected with track frame (90) front end of left and right sides walking mechanism (2); Elevating mechanism is by workbench (3), front rod (11), back link (12), and two hoist cylinders (10), support (1), left and right sides walking mechanism (2) are formed parallelogram sturcutre.
8, caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dedusting mechanism is made up of disposal box, dedusting fan, dedusting cyclone, dedust air duct, strainer, sound absorber; Dedusting mechanism bilateral symmetry in support (1) is installed, and structure is identical; On left side disposal box (26), anterior is that dedusting fan (22), rear portion are dedusting fan (24), be provided with strainer (123) in disposal box (26), (25), dedusting fan (22), (24) connect respectively with two cyclones of dedusting cyclone group (19) on being installed in slide track component (8) by airduct; On right side dust cleaning case (25), anterior for dedusting fan (21), rear portion are dedusting fan (23), dedusting fan (21), (23) connect respectively with two cyclones of dedusting cyclone group (20) on being installed in slide track component (8) by airduct; Cyclone group (19), (20) connect with brill case (57) on the drilling cramp assembly (7) by airduct, and left and right disposal box (26), (25) connect with the sound absorber (124) of being located at the bottom, back by dedust air duct respectively.
9, caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described walking mechanism (2) is symmetrical two track structures, front end at crawler belt support (90) is jockey sprocket (87), the preceding oil cylinder (93) of stablizing, hanger (88), the middle part of crawler belt support (90) is hydraulic drive motor (84), and the crawler belt sprocket wheel (89) at connection reducer (85) and rear portion, crawler belt (86) connects crawler belt support (90), jockey sprocket (87), crawler belt sprocket wheel (89), form the crawler type driving coupling, hydraulic drive motor (84) connects hydraulic power unit (31) by fluid pressure line, (32).
10, caterpillar track travelling anchor pole drill carriage according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described hydraulic mechanism, form by fuel tank, hydraulic power unit, motor, fluid pressure line, hydraulic motor, hydraulic jack, operation panel; Bilateral symmetry at support (1) is equipped with two cover hydraulic oil containers, hydraulic power unit, the left side is for fuel tank (28) and connect hydraulic power unit (32), liquid pump station (32) connects motor (36), the right side is fuel tank (27) and connects hydraulic power unit (31), hydraulic power unit (31) connects motor (35), and hydraulic power unit (31), (32) connect workbench (3), drilling cramp assembly (7), slide track component (8), prop up each hydraulic drive oil cylinder, CD-ROM drive motor on protecting assembly (9), walking mechanism (2), operation panel (13) and the elevating mechanism by fluid pressure line.
CNB2004100123440A 2004-06-10 2004-06-10 Crawler-type walking rockbolt drilling carriages Active CN100396882C (en)

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CN108749937A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-06 福建侨龙应急装备有限公司 A kind of single lap crawler type drainage car
CN109098656A (en) * 2018-10-24 2018-12-28 湖南创远高新机械有限责任公司 Multifunctional mobile raise boring machine
CN109736801A (en) * 2019-02-21 2019-05-10 蒲长晏 Digging and anchoring integrated machine
CN110159198A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-08-23 江苏中贵重工有限公司 A kind of roofboltier
CN112963184A (en) * 2021-03-15 2021-06-15 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Anchor bolt support construction device and crawler-type multi-arm anchor bolt drill carriage
CN112963185A (en) * 2021-03-15 2021-06-15 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Slide rail device and anchor rod drilling machine with same
CN112963184B (en) * 2021-03-15 2022-12-27 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Anchor bolt support construction device and crawler-type multi-arm anchor bolt drill carriage
CN113530437A (en) * 2021-08-12 2021-10-22 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Platform lifting type double-arm anchor cable drill carriage
CN113530436A (en) * 2021-08-12 2021-10-22 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Anchor cable drill carriage with auxiliary arm
CN113565548A (en) * 2021-08-12 2021-10-29 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Anchor protection component
CN114086894A (en) * 2021-11-08 2022-02-25 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Telescopic structure and drilling machine
WO2023077786A1 (en) * 2021-11-08 2023-05-11 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Bolter miner and tunnelling system

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