CN116230974B - Battery core combining and packaging machine - Google Patents

Battery core combining and packaging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116230974B
CN116230974B CN202310165684.XA CN202310165684A CN116230974B CN 116230974 B CN116230974 B CN 116230974B CN 202310165684 A CN202310165684 A CN 202310165684A CN 116230974 B CN116230974 B CN 116230974B
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China
Prior art keywords
adhesive tape
core
fixed
clamp
driving piece
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CN202310165684.XA
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CN116230974A (en
Inventor
邓乔兵
韦德海
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Shenzhen Yuchen Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Yuchen Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M6/00Primary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M6/005Devices for making primary cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/04Construction or manufacture in general
    • H01M10/0404Machines for assembling batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Electrochemistry (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Connection Of Batteries Or Terminals (AREA)
  • Battery Mounting, Suspending (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a battery core closing and packaging machine, which comprises a machine table, a feeding and conveying device, a core closing device, a film folding and transferring device, a base glue preparation device, a base glue pasting device, a transfer device, a turning and transferring device, a side glue propping device, a side glue pasting device, a side glue transferring and coating and conveying device, a coating and transferring device, a coating and conveying device, a coating and appearance detecting device, a coating and insulating resistor detecting and blanking conveying device and an insulating resistor detecting device. The invention realizes the automation of feeding, core closing, film folding, primer sticking, side glue sticking, rubber coating appearance detection, battery core insulating property detection and discharging, and has high continuity of each process and high core closing and packaging efficiency.

Description

Battery core combining and packaging machine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of battery production equipment, and particularly relates to a battery core combining and packaging machine.
Background
Referring to fig. 1 to 7, a battery cell 10 refers to an electrochemical cell including a positive electrode and a negative electrode, and in a specific square aluminum-shell lithium battery, the battery cell 10 includes a rectangular parallelepiped battery cell body 11 formed by stacking a negative electrode plate, a positive electrode plate and a separator, and a rectangular parallelepiped top cover 12 with positive and negative electrode posts for external electrical connection, which is flexibly connected through a cathode tab and a positive electrode tab. The bare cell 10 cannot be directly put into the aluminum shell of the battery generally, and the exposed surface of the body of the cell 10 is generally required to be coated with an insulating film 13 and an insulating adhesive, so that the cell 10 becomes a tight package, a pole piece and a diaphragm are not wound and damaged by the shell edge when the cell is subsequently put into the shell, and the creepage distance between any point of the insulating film 13 and the insulating adhesive on the surface of the cell 10 and the cell body 11 is equal to or greater than 4mm, even if the cell 10 has insulating performance on the aluminum shell.
The battery core with the film after the soft connection welding comprises two battery core bodies 11 and a top cover 12, wherein each cathode lug 11a and each anode lug 11b of the two battery core bodies 11 are welded on a cathode column and an anode column of the top cover 12. An insulating film 13 is respectively clamped between one large surface of each of the two cell bodies 11 and the top cover 12, the two cell bodies 11 are separated and spread on two sides of the top cover 12, one large surface of each of the two cell bodies 11 is respectively pressed on one insulating film 13, the two insulating films 13 are retracted to the round angle position of the cell body 11 in the width direction of the cell body 11, the two insulating films 13 are higher than the height of the cell body 11 by about 3mm in the height direction of the cell body 11, the thickness of one cell body 11 is increased by 3mm, and each of the two insulating films 13 is pre-pressed with a transverse through bending line 13a which is easy to bend at the alignment position of the bottom surfaces of the two cell bodies 11. After welding, the two battery cell bodies and the insulating film 13 are turned around the top cover 12 relatively and overlapped by core combination, and the battery cells after core combination are shown in fig. 3. The handling and core closing requirements for the battery cell 10 with the film are as follows: the relative positions and the bonding relationship of the two cell bodies 11 and the insulating film 13 cannot be changed, and the cathode tab 11a, the anode tab 11b, and the insulating film 13 cannot be twisted and pushed.
After the battery core is combined, packaging operation is needed, wherein the packaging operation comprises film folding, base adhesive sticking, side adhesive sticking and rubber coating.
The folding film is formed by folding the insulating films 13 extending out of the two sides of the battery cell 10 along the bending line 13a to the bottom surface of the battery cell to overlap, and the battery cell after folding is shown in fig. 4.
The insulating film is not provided with glue, and in order to prevent the insulating films on both sides of the bottom surface of the battery cell from loosening, the lap seam 13b of the insulating film needs to be stuck by the base tape strip 14, which is called as base glue sticking, and the battery cell after the base glue sticking is shown in fig. 5.
Since the insulating film is not wrapped on the two sides of the battery cell, after the primer is attached, two side adhesive tapes 15 are attached to the two sides of the battery cell, which is called as a side adhesive, and the battery cell after the side adhesive tapes 15 are attached is shown in fig. 6.
After the side glue is attached, two side tape strips 15 extending out of the bottom surface on two large surfaces and two side surfaces of the battery cell are required to be pushed down and lapped on an insulating film on the bottom surface of the battery cell, so that the battery cell is called as a glue coating, and the battery cell after the glue coating is shown in fig. 7.
After encapsulation, the quality of the cell core, the folding film, the base adhesive, the side adhesive and the encapsulation needs to be checked, and appearance detection is needed to be carried out on the packaged cell core, so that the cell core with unqualified appearance of the packaged cell core is removed.
After appearance detection, insulation property of the battery cell package needs to be ensured, and then the insulation resistance value of the packaged battery cell needs to be measured, and the battery cells with unqualified insulation resistance values in the packaged battery cells which are qualified after appearance detection are removed.
In order to realize high-efficiency automatic packaging operation of the battery cells, it is necessary to develop an automatic battery cell combination and packaging machine.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a battery core closing and packaging machine, which can realize automation of battery core closing, packaging and insulating property detection operation, optimize continuity among various working procedures and improve battery core closing and packaging efficiency.
The invention is realized in such a way that the battery core combination and packaging machine comprises a machine table, a feeding and carrying device, a core combination device, a film folding and transferring device, a primer preparation device, a primer pasting device, a transfer device, a turnover and transferring device, a side glue propping device, a side glue pasting device, a side glue transferring and coating and carrying device, a rubber coating and transferring device, a rubber coating and carrying device, a rubber coating appearance detection device, a rubber coating and insulation resistance detection and blanking carrying device and an insulation resistance detection device;
the feeding and carrying device comprises a carrying bracket, a film-carrying battery core carrying mechanism and a core-closing battery core carrying mechanism, wherein the film-carrying battery core carrying mechanism is used for carrying the film-carrying battery core subjected to soft connection welding to the core-closing device, and the core-closing battery core carrying mechanism carries the battery core subjected to core-closing to the film folding and transferring device;
The core closing device is used for oppositely overturning and superposing the two battery core bodies and the two insulating films around the top cover;
the film folding and transferring device is used for receiving the core-closing battery core from the core-closing battery core carrying mechanism, pushing the insulating films extending out of the bottom surfaces on the front and rear large surfaces of the battery core to overlap the bottom surface of the battery core, and then moving the battery core to the base adhesive sticking device for base adhesive sticking;
the bottom adhesive preparation device is positioned beside the film folding and transferring device and is used for dividing the bottom adhesive tape into bottom adhesive tape strips;
the bottom adhesive sticking device is positioned on the film folding and transferring device and is used for sucking the bottom adhesive tape strips cut by the bottom adhesive tape preparation device and sticking the bottom adhesive tape strips on the insulating film lap joint of the bottom surface of the battery cell;
the transfer device is positioned between the film folding and transferring device and the overturning and transferring device and is used for conveying the battery cell from the film folding and transferring device to the overturning and transferring device;
the overturning and transferring device is used for transferring the battery core with the primer attached to the side glue attaching device and overturning the battery core from a large-surface vertical posture to a large-surface horizontal posture at the same time, and is provided with an overturnable side glue attaching clamp for clamping the battery core;
The side glue propping device is used for propping against the bottom surface of the battery cell before the side glue is pasted and in the process of pasting the side glue, so as to assist the side glue clamp to clamp and position the battery cell;
the side adhesive sticking device is used for sticking two side adhesive tape strips to two side surfaces of the battery cell respectively and simultaneously folding and sticking the two side adhesive tape strips to the insulating films of two large surfaces of the battery cell;
the side glue transferring and coating conveying device spans the overturning and transferring device and the coating and transferring device and is used for conveying the side glue-attached battery cells to the coating and transferring device;
the encapsulation transferring device is used for transferring the battery cells with the side glue to a position close to the encapsulation device, and an encapsulation clamp used for clamping the battery cells is arranged on the encapsulation transferring device;
the rubber coating device is used for pushing down the side adhesive tape strips extending out of the bottom surfaces on the two large surfaces and the two side surfaces of the battery cell and overlapping the insulating film on the bottom surface of the battery cell;
the encapsulation appearance detection device is used for detecting encapsulation conditions of the battery cells and feeding detection results back to the encapsulation-to-insulation resistance detection and blanking conveying device;
the encapsulated insulation resistance detection and blanking conveying device is used for grabbing encapsulated battery cells from the encapsulation device to the insulation resistance detection device and blanking the battery cells subjected to resistance detection;
The insulation resistance detection device is used for detecting the insulation performance of the surface of the encapsulated battery cell.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the invention discloses a battery core closing and packaging machine, which comprises a feeding and conveying device, a core closing device, a film folding and transferring device, a primer preparation device, a primer pasting device, a transferring device, a turnover and transferring device, a side glue propping device, a side glue pasting device, a side glue transferring and coating conveying device, a rubber coating transferring device, a rubber coating appearance detecting device, a rubber coating-insulation resistance detecting and blanking conveying device and an insulation resistance detecting device. The automatic feeding, core closing, membrane folding, primer sticking, side glue sticking, rubber coating appearance detection, battery core insulating property detection and blanking are realized, and the continuity of each process is high, and the core closing and packaging efficiency is high.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the bottom surface structure of the cell body, the top cover and the insulating film before the core is assembled;
fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the top surface structure of the cell body, the top cover and the insulating film before the core is assembled;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the assembled battery cell;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the folded battery cell;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the battery cell after applying the primer;
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the battery cell after the side glue is attached;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the encapsulated cell;
fig. 8 is a plan layout view of the battery core combining and packaging machine provided by the embodiment of the invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a feeding and conveying device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the membrane-bearing cell manipulator suction cup of FIG. 9 in a downward configuration;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the membrane-bearing cell manipulator suction cup of FIG. 9 in an upward configuration;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a core assembly device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the core assembly device of FIG. 12 with the core assembly bracket and core assembly translation mechanism removed;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the structure of the core-spun stent in the core-spun device of FIG. 12;
FIG. 15 is a schematic structural view of a core translating mechanism in the core assembly device of FIG. 12;
FIG. 16 is a schematic top view of a core closing and turning mechanism in the core closing device shown in FIG. 12;
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the bottom surface structure of the core-closing turning mechanism in the core-closing device shown in FIG. 12;
fig. 18 is a schematic structural view of a core-closing roll-over stand and an insulating film holding mechanism in the core-closing device shown in fig. 12;
fig. 19 is a schematic structural view of a clamping mechanism of the battery cell body in the core assembly device shown in fig. 12;
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of the top cover clamping mechanism in the core assembly device of FIG. 12;
FIG. 21 is a schematic view of a tab holding mechanism in the core assembly device of FIG. 12;
fig. 22 is a schematic structural diagram of a film folding and transferring device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 23 is a schematic structural view of an insulating film folding mechanism in the insulating film folding device shown in fig. 22;
fig. 24 is a schematic structural diagram of a primer preparation device and a primer attaching device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 25 is a schematic structural diagram of a primer preparation device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 26 is an enlarged view of area A of FIG. 25;
FIG. 27 is a schematic view of a primer tape pulling mechanism in the primer preparing apparatus of FIG. 25;
fig. 28 is a schematic structural diagram of a primer applying device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 29 is a schematic structural view of a primer applying robot in the primer applying device shown in fig. 28;
fig. 30 is a schematic structural diagram of a transfer device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 31 is a schematic structural view of a turnover and transfer device, a paste side glue device and a paste side glue supporting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 32 is a schematic structural diagram of a turnover and transfer device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 33 is a schematic view of the turning mechanism in the turning and transferring apparatus shown in FIG. 32;
Fig. 34 is a schematic structural diagram of a side glue device and a side glue supporting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 35 is a schematic view of the adhesive driving mechanism in the adhesive applying apparatus shown in FIG. 34;
FIG. 36 is a schematic structural view of a paste mechanism in the paste apparatus shown in FIG. 34;
fig. 37 is a schematic structural view of an adhesive tape holding device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 38 is a schematic structural diagram of a device for transferring adhesive from adhesive to coating and carrying adhesive according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 39 is a schematic structural view of an encapsulated transfer device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 40 is a schematic view of the construction of the encapsulating clamp in the encapsulating transfer shown in FIG. 39;
FIG. 41 is a schematic view of another angle of the encapsulating clamp in the encapsulating transfer shown in FIG. 39;
fig. 42 is a schematic structural view of an encapsulation transfer apparatus and an encapsulation apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 43 is a schematic view of the structure of an encapsulation apparatus provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 44 is a schematic view of another angle of the encapsulation apparatus provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 45 is a schematic diagram of an encapsulated appearance detection device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 46 is a schematic structural diagram of an encapsulated insulation resistor detection and blanking conveying device and an insulation resistor detection device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 47 is a schematic structural diagram of an insulation resistance detection device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
The attached drawings are used for identifying and describing:
10-cell, 11-cell body, 11 a-cathode ear, 11 b-anode ear, 12-top cap, 13-insulating film, 13 a-bending line, 13 b-lap seam, 14-base tape strip, 14 a-base tape roll, 15-side tape strip, 15 a-side tape roll;
100-feeding and carrying devices, 110-carrying supports, 120-carrying film battery core carrying mechanisms, 121-carrying film battery core translation modules, 122-carrying film battery core lifting modules and 123-carrying film battery core manipulators;
1231-film-covered electric core manipulator mounting plate, 1232-clamping jaw sliding frame, 12321-first mounting hole, 1233-clamping jaw adjustable mounting plate, 12331-second mounting hole, 1234-clamping jaw driving piece and 1235-clamping jaw sliding group;
the device comprises a 1236-grabbing unit, a 12361-grabbing clamping jaw, a 12362-cell sucker driver, a 12363-cell sucker, a 12364-insulating film sucker support, a 12365-insulating film sucker, a 12366-elastic buffer, a 12367-buffer slide group, a 12368-buffer stroke sensing piece, a 12369-buffer stroke switch, a 1236 a-lower limit movable stop, a 1236 b-lower limit fixed stop, a 1236 c-material sensor, a 1236 d-longitudinal scale, a 1236 e-transverse scale, a 1236 f-clamping jaw closing limiting block and a 1236 g-clamping jaw closing limiting rod;
130-combined core cell conveying mechanism, 131-combined core cell translation module, 132-combined core cell lifting module and 133-combined core cell manipulator;
200-core closing device;
210-core combination support, 211-core combination support bottom plate, 212-core combination support upright post, 213-core combination support panel and 2131-first opening;
220-core closing translation mechanism, 221-core closing translation driving module, 222-core closing translation sliding plate, 2221-second opening, 223-core closing translation driving module mounting plate, 224-core closing translation driving cam, 225-core closing translation driving cam pair, 226-core closing translation sliding group, 227-core closing overturning limiting piece, 2281-core closing translation sensing piece and 2282-core closing translation travel switch;
230-core-closing turnover mechanism, 231-core-closing turnover driving module, 232-core-closing turnover frame, 2321-core-closing turnover frame bottom plate, 2322-core-closing turnover frame support plate, 2323-core-closing turnover frame rotating shaft, 233-core-closing turnover driving module bracket, 234-core-closing turnover driving system, 235-core-closing turnover supporting plate and 236-core-closing turnover angle switch group;
240-insulating film clamping mechanisms, 241-insulating film clamping translation mounting plates, 242-insulating film clamping translation brackets, 243-insulating film clamping translation driving pieces, 244-insulating film clamping translation sliding groups, 245-insulating film clamping driving pieces and 246-insulating film clamps;
250-cell body clamping mechanisms, 251-cell body clamping driving pieces, 252-cell body clamping supports, 253-cell body clamping translation sliding groups, 254-cell body clamps, 255-cell brackets, 2551-cell bracket bearing surfaces and 2552-cell bracket clamping jaw gaps;
260-top cover clamping mechanism, 261-top cover clamping mechanism mounting piece, 262-top cover clamping lifting driving module, 263-top cover clamping lifting frame, 264-top cover clamping driving piece, 265-top cover clamping sliding group, 266-top cover clamping bracket, 267-top cover clamp, 268-top cover supporting plate column and 269-top cover supporting plate;
270-lug supporting mechanism, 271-lug supporting mechanism bracket, 272-lug supporting mechanism mounting plate, 273-lug supporting translation sliding group, 274-lug supporting translation driving piece, 275-lug supporting translation sliding plate, 276-lug supporting opening and closing driving piece, 277-lug supporting arm and 278-lug supporting finger;
300-film folding and transferring device, 310-film folding translation driving module and 320-film folding device;
20-film folding machine frame, 21-film folding machine frame bottom plate, 22-film folding machine frame vertical plate and 23-film folding machine frame panel;
30-an electric core carrying platform;
the device comprises a 40-cell carrier lifting mechanism, a 41-cell carrier lifting driving piece, a 42-cell carrier guide post, a 43-cell carrier guide sleeve and a 44-cell carrier lifting travel switch group;
50-clamping mechanism, 51-clamping driving piece, 52-clamp sliding frame set, 53-clamp sliding frame, 531-clamp sliding frame base plate, 532-clamp sliding frame vertical plate, 531-clamp sliding frame top plate, 54-clamp and 55-clamp sliding frame travel switch set;
60-film folding mechanism, 61-film folding driving piece, 62-film folding slide plate, 63-film folding slide group, 64-film folding knife bracket, 65-film folding knife elastic pressing piece, 66-film folding knife and 67-film folding slide plate limiting piece;
70-film rolling mechanism, 71-film rolling driving piece, 72-film rolling sliding group, 73-film rolling sliding frame, 731-film rolling sliding frame, 732-film rolling sliding frame sliding plate, 74-film rolling roller hinge frame, 75-film rolling roller hinge frame elastic pressing piece, 76-film rolling roller and 77-film rolling sliding frame limiting piece;
400-backing tape device, 410-backing tape support, 420-backing tape mounting shaft, 430-backing tape guide roller set, 440-backing tape tensioning mechanism, 450-backing tape pressing mechanism, 451-backing tape pressing drive, 452-backing tape press block, 453-bearing shaft, 460-backing tape adhesive mechanism, 461-adhesion platform, 4611-bump, 4612-adhesion platform drive, 4613-attachment platform buffer, 470-backing tape cutting mechanism, 471-cutter, 472-cutting drive, 480-backing tape pulling mechanism, 481-backing tape clamp, 482-backing tape clamp drive, 483-backing tape clamp drive, 484-backing tape pulling slide, 485-backing tape clamp release slide, 486-backing tape strip clamp release set, 487-backing tape pulling slide, 488-backing tape pulling slide set, 489-backing tape stop support, 48 a-backing tape support, 48 b-backing tape support, 48 c-backing tape pull slide forward limit stop slide;
500-primer attaching device, 510-primer attaching bracket, 520-primer attaching manipulator translation module, 530-primer attaching manipulator lifting module, 540-primer attaching manipulator, 541-manipulator mounting rack, 542-manipulator rotary driving piece, 543-rotary bracket, 544-sucker component, 5441-primer strip holding piece, 54411-first sucker, 5442-holding piece lifting driving piece, 5443-primer strip pressing roller, 5444-primer strip pressing roller bracket, 54441-second sucker, 5445-holding piece lifting sliding group and 5446-primer strip pressing roller bracket tensioning piece;
600-transferring device, 610-transferring device bracket, 620-transferring translation driving module, 630-transferring translation carriage, 640-transferring lifting driving piece and 650-first electric core manipulator;
700-overturning and transferring devices, 710-overturning mechanisms, 711-overturning sliding carriages, 712-overturning driving pieces, 713-overturning driving systems, 714-overturning shafts, 715-side glue clamps, 7151-side glue clamp bottom plates, 7152-side glue clamp driving pieces, 7153-side glue clamp carrier plates, 7154-side glue clamp clamps and 720-overturning mechanism translation modules;
800-side glue supporting device, 810-side glue supporting bracket and 820-side glue supporting hand;
900-side adhesive attachment device, 910-side adhesive attachment driving mechanism, 911-side adhesive attachment frame, 912-side adhesive attachment translation module, 913-side adhesive attachment lifting module, 920-side adhesive attachment mechanism, 921-side adhesive attachment tape carriage, 922-side adhesive tape roll supporting component, 923-side adhesive tape supporting roller set, 924-side adhesive tape tensioning component, 925-side adhesive tape clamping component, 926-side adhesive tape suction plate, 927-side adhesive tape roller set, 928-side adhesive tape cutter and 929-side cutting adhesive tape driving piece;
1000-a side-sticking glue transferring and coating conveying device, 1010-a conveying translation module, 1020-a conveying lifting module, 1030-a second electric core manipulator and 1040-a joint hand variable-distance driving piece;
1100-encapsulation transfer device, 1110-encapsulation transfer driving piece, 1120-encapsulation transfer driving system, 1130-encapsulation transfer sliding plate, 1140-encapsulation transfer sliding group, 1150-encapsulation clamp, 1151-encapsulation clamp bracket, 1152-encapsulation clamp movable clamp, 1153-encapsulation clamp movable clamp translation driving piece, 1154-encapsulation clamp movable clamp sliding group, 1155-encapsulation clamp fixed clamp, 1156-encapsulation clamp movable clamp plate, 1157-encapsulation clamp movable clamp plate lifting driving piece, 1158-encapsulation clamp movable clamp plate lifting sliding group, 1159-encapsulation clamp electric core carrier plate and 115 a-encapsulation clamp movable clamp sliding frame;
1200-encapsulation device, 1210-encapsulation advance and retreat mechanism, 1211-advance and retreat carriage, 1212-advance and retreat carriage translation driving piece, 1213-base, 1214-advance and retreat carriage left and right sliding group, 1215-advance and retreat carriage translation limiting component, 1220-left roller component, 1221-left roller, 1222-left roller bracket, 1223-left roller bracket translation driving piece, 1224-left roller left and right sliding group, 1225-left roller left and right sliding group, 1226-left roller front and back sliding group, 1227-left roller front and back elastic support, 12a 0-right roller component, 12a 1-right roller, 12a 2-right roller bracket, 12a 3-right roller bracket translation driving piece, 12a 4-right roller left and right sliding group, 12a 5-right roller left and right sliding group, 12a 6-right roller front and back sliding group, 12a 7-right roller front and back elastic support 1240-upper roller assembly, 1241-upper roller, 1242-upper roller support, 1243-upper roller support lifting drive, 1244-upper roller lifting carriage, 1245-upper roller lifting carriage, 1246-upper roller front and rear carriage, 1247-upper roller front and rear elastic support, 1248-upper roller front and rear carriage, 1249-upper roller left and right adjustment carriage, 124 a-upper roller left and right elastic support, 1250-lower roller assembly, 1251-lower roller, 1252-lower roller support, 1253-lower roller support lifting drive, 1254-lower roller lifting carriage, 1255-lower roller lifting carriage, 1256-lower roller front and rear carriage, 1257-lower roller front and rear elastic support, 1258-lower roller front and rear carriage, 1259-lower roller left and right adjustment carriage, 125 a-lower roller left and right elastic support;
1300-encapsulated appearance detection device, 1310-left color sense, 1320-middle color sense, 1330-right color sense;
1400-an encapsulation-to-insulation resistance detection and blanking conveying device, 1410-a rotatable variable-pitch double-claw manipulator;
1500-insulation resistance detection device, 1510-resistance measurement bracket, 1520-resistance measurement translation mechanism, 1530-resistance measurement carriage, 1540-resistance measurement carrier plate, 1550-resistance measurement clamping mechanism, 1560-resistance measurement clamp plate lifting driving mechanism, 1570-resistance measurement clamp plate, 1580-resistance measurement probe, 1590-resistance measurement instrument.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the drawings and examples, in order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, directions or positional relationships indicated by terms such as "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., are based on those shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience of description and simplification of the description, and do not indicate or imply that the apparatus or elements referred to must have a specific direction, be configured and operated in the specific direction, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention; the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance; furthermore, unless explicitly specified and limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be either fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected, for example; can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and can be the communication between the two parts. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention will be understood in specific cases by those of ordinary skill in the art.
Referring to fig. 8, a battery core assembling and packaging machine provided in this embodiment includes a machine table, a feeding and conveying device 100, a core assembling device 200, a film folding and transferring device 300, a primer preparation device 400, a primer pasting device 500, a transferring device 600, a turning and transferring device 700, a side glue propping device 800, a side glue pasting device 900, a side glue transferring and packaging device 1000, a packaging and transferring device 1100, a packaging device 1200, a packaging appearance detecting device 1300, a packaging and insulation resistance detecting and blanking conveying device 1400 and an insulation resistance detecting device 1500.
Referring to fig. 9, the feeding and conveying device 100 includes a conveying rack 110, a film-carrying core conveying mechanism 120 and a core-closing core conveying mechanism 130, wherein the film-carrying core conveying mechanism 120 is used for conveying the film-carrying core 10 after the soft connection welding to the core-closing device 200, and the core-closing core conveying mechanism 130 is used for conveying the core 10 after the core closing to the film folding and transferring device 300.
The carrying mechanism 120 for the battery cell with film comprises a translation module 121 for the battery cell with film, a lifting module 122 for the battery cell with film and a manipulator 123 for the battery cell with film. The film-carrying cell translation module 121 is horizontally fixed on the carrying support 110, the film-carrying cell lifting module 122 is vertically fixed at the output end of the film-carrying cell translation module 121, and the film-carrying cell manipulator 123 is vertically fixed at the output end of the film-carrying cell lifting module 122.
Referring to fig. 10 and 11, the film-covered battery cell manipulator 123 includes a film-covered battery cell manipulator mounting plate 1231, a jaw carriage 1232, a jaw-adjustable mounting plate 1233, a jaw drive 1234, a jaw slide group 1235, and two grasping units 1236. Wherein, the clamping jaw sliding frame 1232 is provided with a first mounting hole 12321, and the clamping jaw adjustable mounting plate 1233 is provided with a second mounting hole 12331.
Further, each grabbing unit 1236 includes two grabbing clamping jaws 12361, a cell chuck driving member 12362, a cell chuck 12363, an insulating film chuck support 12364, an insulating film chuck 12365, and a material sensor 1236c, which are disposed at intervals.
The front and rear power output ends of the clamping jaw driving member 1234 are fixedly connected with the front and rear clamping jaws 12361 respectively, and the clamping jaw driving member 1234 can drive the two clamping jaws 12361 to move in opposite directions so as to clamp the two battery cell bodies 11. The cell sucker 12363 is fixed at the output end of the cell sucker driving piece 12362, and the cell sucker driving piece 12362 can drive the cell sucker 12363 to descend to suck the large surface of the cell body 11; the insulating film sucking disc 12365 is arranged at the side edge of the electric core sucking disc 12363 and is used for sucking the insulating film 13 extending out of the bottom surface of the electric core body 11; the top of insulating film sucking disc support 12364 is fixed on taking membrane electric core manipulator mounting panel 1231, and insulating film sucking disc 12365 is fixed in the bottom of insulating film sucking disc support 12364, and material sensor 1236c is fixed on the lateral surface of electric core sucking disc 12363 for detect and snatch clamping jaw 12361 and press from both sides and get electric core body 11.
The film-equipped cell manipulator 123 further includes an elastic buffer member 12366, a buffer slide group 12367, a buffer stroke sensing piece 12368, a buffer stroke switch 12369, a lower limit movable stop 1236a, a lower limit fixed stop 1236b, a longitudinal scale 1236d, a transverse scale 1236e, a jaw closing stopper 1236f, and a jaw closing stopper 1236g.
The lower limit movable stopper 1236a is fixed on the jaw-adjustable mounting plate 1233, the lower limit fixed stopper 1236b is fixed on the jaw carriage 1232, and the lower limit movable stopper 1236a and the lower limit fixed stopper 1236b cooperate together for restricting the lowest position of the sliding range of the jaw-adjustable mounting plate 1233.
The length direction of the longitudinal scale 1236d is parallel to the length direction of the sliding rail of the clamping jaw sliding group 1235, a plurality of groups of first mounting holes 12321 are formed in the clamping jaw sliding frame 1232 and are distributed at intervals along the length direction of the longitudinal scale 1236d, and the clamping jaw sliding frame 1232 can adjust the width of the clamping cell body through the first mounting holes. The length direction of the transverse scale 1236e is perpendicular to the length direction of the sliding rail of the clamping jaw sliding group 1235, and a plurality of groups of second mounting holes 12331 are formed in the clamping jaw adjustable mounting plate 1233 and are distributed at intervals along the length direction of the transverse scale; the two grabbing clamping jaws 12361 can adjust the distance between the two clampable cell bodies, which is determined by the height of the cell bodies, through the second mounting holes 12331. The jaw closing stop 1236f and the jaw closing stop bar 1236g cooperate to define a minimum spacing of the front and rear grasping jaws 12361 to prevent pinching of the cell 10.
The upper and lower both ends of elastic buffer 12366 respectively with clamping jaw carriage 1232, clamping jaw adjustable mounting plate 1233 fixed connection, the slide rail of buffering smooth group 12367 is fixed on clamping jaw carriage 1232 vertically. The slider of buffering sliding group 12367 and clamping jaw adjustable mounting plate 1233 fixed connection, buffering stroke response piece 12368 are fixed on clamping jaw adjustable mounting plate 1233, buffering travel switch 12369 is fixed on clamping jaw carriage 1232, normally snatchs or normally carries in-process, buffering stroke response piece 12368 breaks away from with buffering travel switch 12369, gets into buffering travel switch 12369 when buffering stroke response piece 12368 and triggers buffering travel switch 12369, and the explanation has met ascending resistance in membranous cell manipulator 123 lower part, can feedback signal for external control system stop snatching or carrying to protection electric core and manipulator.
The combined core electric core carrying mechanism 130 comprises a combined core electric core translation module 131, a combined core electric core lifting module 132 and a combined core electric core manipulator 133, wherein the combined core electric core translation module 131 is horizontally fixed on the carrying support 110, the combined core electric core lifting module 132 is vertically fixed at the output end of the combined core electric core translation module 131, and the combined core electric core manipulator 133 is vertically fixed at the output end of the combined core electric core lifting module 132.
The working principle of the loading and carrying device 100 of this embodiment is as follows: the clamping jaw driving piece 1234 of the film-carrying cell carrying mechanical arm 123 of the film-carrying cell carrying mechanism 120 can drive the two grabbing clamping jaws 12361 to extend below the cell body 11 to clamp the cell body 11, and the cell sucker driving piece 12362 can drive the cell sucker 12363 to descend to suck the large surface of the cell body 11; the insulating film suction cup 12365 can suck the insulating film 13 protruding out of the bottom surface of the cell body 11. The original relative positions and the bonding relation of the two battery cell bodies 11, the top cover 12 and the insulating film 13 are not changed by the grabbing clamping jaw 12361, and the cathode lug 11a, the anode lug 11b and the insulating film 13 are not twisted and pushed, so that the battery cell 10 with the film can be grabbed in a nondestructive way, and the battery cell 10 with the film after the soft connection and welding can be conveyed to the core combining device 200 from an external pull wire; after the core is assembled, the core-assembling cell manipulator 133 of the core-assembling cell conveying mechanism 130 conveys the core-assembled cell 10 onto the film folding and transferring device 300 safely.
The core assembly device 200 is used for oppositely overturning and overlapping the two cell bodies 11 and the two insulating films 13 around the top cover 12. Referring to fig. 12 and 13, the core assembly device 200 includes a core assembly bracket 210, a core assembly translation mechanism 220, two core assembly turnover mechanisms 230, two pairs of four insulating film clamping mechanisms 240, two core body clamping mechanisms 250, a top cover clamping mechanism 260 and two tab holding mechanisms 270.
Referring to fig. 14, the core frame 210 includes a core frame base 211, a core frame column 212, and a core frame panel 213, and the core frame base 211 is mounted on an external machine. The bottom end of the core closing support column 212 is fixed on the core closing support bottom plate 211, the core closing support panel 213 is fixed on the top end of the core closing support column 212, a first opening 2131 is formed in the center of the core closing support panel 213 and used for installing the top cover clamping mechanism 260 and the lug supporting mechanism 270, and core closing translation travel switches 2282 are further installed on two opposite side edges of the core closing support panel 213.
The core-closing translation mechanism 220 is used for translating the core-closing turnover mechanism 230, and the core-closing translation mechanism 220 is disposed at the top of the core-closing bracket 210. Referring to fig. 15, the core closing translation mechanism 220 includes a left core closing translation driving module 221, a front core closing translation sliding plate 222 with a second opening 2221, two core closing translation driving module mounting plates 223, two core closing translation driving cams 224, four core closing translation driving cam pairs 225, two core closing translation sliding groups 226, four core closing overturning limiting pieces 227 and four core closing translation sensing pieces 2281. The two core-closing translation driving modules 221 can drive the two core-closing translation sliding plates 222 to move linearly back and forth horizontally. Two slide rails of two core closing translation driving module mounting plates 223 and two core closing translation sliding groups 226 are fixed on the core closing support 210, two core closing translation driving modules 221 are fixed on the two core closing translation driving module mounting plates 223, two core closing translation driving cams 224 are fixed at the output ends of the two core closing translation driving modules 221, two core closing translation driving cam pairs 225 are matched with the two core closing translation driving cams 224 respectively, and two core closing translation sliding plates 222 are fixed on the sliding blocks of the two core closing translation sliding groups 226. Each two core closing overturning limiting pieces 227 are fixed on the two core closing translation sliding plates 222 and are used for limiting the lowest overturning position of the core closing overturning frame 232. Four core closing translation sensing pieces 2281 are fixed on four outer corners of the two core closing translation sliding plates 222, and cooperate with the core closing translation travel switch 2282 to limit the sliding range of the core closing translation sliding plates 222.
The two core closing turnover mechanisms 230 are respectively fixed on the front side and the rear side of the two core closing translation sliding plates 222 opposite to each other in a U-turn 180-degree posture and are used for turning over the two battery cell bodies 11 to be combined together. Referring to fig. 16 and 17, each core-closing turning mechanism 230 includes a core-closing turning driving module 231, a core-closing turning frame 232, a core-closing turning driving module bracket 233, a core-closing turning driving system 234, two core-closing turning support plates 235, and a core-closing turning angle switch unit 236. The core closing overturning driving module support 233 and the core closing overturning supporting plates 235 are fixed on one outer corner of the core closing translation sliding plate 222, two core closing overturning supporting plates 235 are fixed on the other two outer corners of the core closing translation sliding plate 222 and are arranged at two ends, the core closing overturning driving module 231 is fixed on the core closing overturning driving module support 233, the core closing overturning driving system 234 is in transmission connection with the output end of the core closing overturning driving module 231, and the core closing overturning frame 232 is erected on the two core closing overturning supporting plates 235 and is fixedly connected with the output end of the core closing overturning driving system 234. The sensing pieces and switches of the core-closing turning angle switch group 236 are respectively installed on the core-closing turning support plate 235 and the core-closing turning frame 232 for sensing and controlling the turning angle of the core-closing turning frame 232.
Further, referring to fig. 18, the core roll-over stand 232 includes a core roll-over stand bottom plate 2321, two core roll-over stand support plates 2322, and two core roll-over stand rotating shafts 2323, where the two core roll-over stand support plates 2322 are fixed at two ends of the core roll-over stand bottom plate 2321. Two core-closing roll-over stand rotating shafts 2323 are respectively fixed on the tops of the two core-closing roll-over stand support plates 2322 and are used for being erected on the two core-closing roll-over support plates 235, and one core-closing roll-over stand rotating shaft is also used for being connected with the output end of the core-closing roll-over transmission system 234.
A pair of two insulating film holding mechanisms 240 are externally fixed to the core-closing roll-over stand 232 for holding two corners of the insulating film 13 located outside extending out of the bottom surface of the cell body 11. The insulating film holding mechanism 240 includes an insulating film holding and translating mounting plate 241, an insulating film holding and translating bracket 242, an insulating film holding and translating driver 243, an insulating film holding and translating slide group 244, an insulating film holding driver 245, and two insulating film clamps 246. The insulating film clamping and translating mounting plate 241 is fixed on the outer side edge of the core closing and overturning frame bottom plate 2321, the insulating film clamping and translating driving piece 243 is fixed under the core closing and overturning frame bottom plate 2321, the sliding rail of the insulating film clamping and translating sliding group 244 is fixed on the insulating film clamping and translating mounting plate 241, the length direction of the sliding rail is perpendicular to the length direction of the core closing and overturning frame bottom plate 2321, the insulating film clamping and translating bracket 242 is fixed on the movable end of the insulating film clamping and translating driving piece 243 and the sliding block of the insulating film clamping and translating group 244, the insulating film clamping and translating driving piece 245 is fixed on the insulating film clamping and translating bracket 242, the insulating film clamp 246 is fixed on the output end of the insulating film clamping and driving piece 245, the insulating film clamping and driving piece 245 can drive the two insulating film clamps 246 to be closed so as to clamp the insulating film 13, and the insulating film clamping and translating driving piece 243 can drive the insulating film clamping and translating bracket 242 to move along the insulating film clamping and driving piece 245 along the direction perpendicular to the length direction of the core closing and overturning frame bottom plate 2321.
Referring to fig. 19, the cell body clamping mechanism 250 is centrally fixed on the core folding turnover frame 232 for placing the cell body 11 together with the insulating film 13 and clamping the cell body 11. The battery cell body clamping mechanism 250 comprises a battery cell body clamping driving piece 251, two battery cell body clamping brackets 252, two battery cell body clamping translation sliding groups 253, two battery cell body clamps 254 and two battery cell brackets 255; each cell carrier 255 in turn includes a plurality of cell carrier bearing surfaces 2551 and a plurality of cell carrier jaw indentations 2552. The battery core body clamping driving piece 251 is fixed on the bottom plate 2321 of the core closing roll-over frame, the battery core body clamping support 252 is L-shaped and is provided with a horizontal connecting end and a vertical connecting end, the two horizontal connecting ends are fixedly connected with two power output ends of the battery core body clamping driving piece 251, the two vertical connecting ends are fixedly connected with sliding blocks of the two battery core body clamping translation sliding groups 253, two sliding rails of the two battery core brackets 255 and the two battery core body clamping translation sliding groups 253 are fixed on the bottom plate 2321 of the core closing roll-over frame, the two battery core body clamps 254 are fixed on the two sliding blocks of the two battery core body clamping translation sliding groups 253, the plurality of battery core bracket bearing surfaces 2551 are used for bearing the battery core body 11, the plurality of battery core bracket clamping jaw notches 2522 are concaved in the battery core bracket bearing surfaces 2551 and are used for avoiding and grabbing clamping jaws of the battery core 10 when the battery core body 11 are swung, and the battery core body clamping driving piece 251 can drive the two battery core body clamps 254 to be closed so as to clamp the battery core body 255 placed on the battery core bracket 11.
The top cover holding mechanism 260 is used to hold the top cover 12 and to sink the top cover 12. Referring to fig. 20, the top cover clamping mechanism 260 includes a top cover clamping mechanism mounting member 261, a top cover clamping lifting driving module 262, a top cover clamping lifting frame 263, a top cover clamping driving member 264, two top cover clamping slide sets 265, two top cover clamping brackets 266, two top cover clamps 267, two top cover support plate struts 268, and a top cover support plate 269. The top cap fixture mounting piece 261 is fixed in the first opening 2131 of the core closing support panel 213 and is centered, the top cap clamping lifting driving module 262 is fixed on the top cap fixture mounting piece 261, the top cap clamping lifting frame 263 is fixed at the output end of the top cap clamping lifting driving module 262, the top cap clamping driving piece 264, two sliding rails of the two top cap clamping sliding groups 265 and the bottom ends of the two top cap supporting plate struts 268 are all fixed at the top of the top cap clamping lifting frame 263, the two top cap clamping supports 266 are fixed on the power output end of the top cap clamping driving piece 264 and the two sliding blocks of the two top cap clamping sliding groups 265, the two top cap clamps 267 are fixed on the two top cap clamping supports 266, the top cap supporting plate 269 is fixed at the top ends of the two top cap supporting plate struts 268, and the top cap clamping driving piece 264 can drive the two top cap clamping supports 266 to be closed with the two top cap clamps 267 so as to clamp the top cap 12 placed on the top cap supporting plate 269.
The two tab holding mechanisms 270 are provided to extend from both ends of the top cover 12 to hold the cathode tab 11a and the anode tab 11b, respectively. Referring to fig. 21, the tab holding mechanism 270 includes a tab holding mechanism bracket 271, a tab holding mechanism mounting plate 272, a tab holding translational slide group 273, a tab holding translational drive member 274, a tab holding translational slide plate 275, a tab holding opening and closing drive member 276, two tab holding arms 277, and two tab holding fingers 278. The left and right tab holding mechanisms 270 are also fixed at two ends of the top cover clamping mechanism 260 in the first opening 2131 of the core closing bracket panel 213, the tab holding mechanism bracket 271 is fixed below the core closing bracket panel 213, the tab holding mechanism mounting plate 272 is fixed on the tab holding mechanism bracket 271, the slide rails of the tab holding translation driving piece 274 and the tab holding translation sliding group 273 are both fixed on the tab holding mechanism mounting plate 272, the tab holding translation sliding plate 275 is fixed on the slide blocks of the tab holding translation driving piece 274 and the tab holding translation sliding group 273, the tab holding opening and closing driving piece 276 is fixed on the tab holding translation sliding plate 275, the bottom ends of the two tab holding arms 277 are fixed at the output ends of the tab holding opening and closing driving piece 276, the two tab holding fingers 277 are respectively fixed at the top ends of the two tab holding arms 277, the tab holding driving piece 276 can drive the two tab holding opening and closing arms 277 to bring the two tab holding fingers 278 to carry the two tab holding bodies, the tab holding translation sliding plate 275 can hold the tab 11b to move along with the anode 11b or the cathode 11b to hold the anode 11b to move along with the anode holding 11b.
One top cover clamping mechanism 260 and two tab holding mechanisms 270 are both fixed under the core closing bracket 210, both are located between the two second openings 2221 and the top cover clamping mechanism 260 is centered, and the two tab holding mechanisms 270 are located on the left and right sides of the top cover clamping mechanism 260.
The working principle of the core assembly device 200 of the present embodiment is as follows: the left and right core closing translation driving modules 221 drive the front and rear core closing translation sliding plates 222 to move relatively back and forth on the horizontal plane to approach, under the cooperation that the top cover 12 is clamped by the top cover clamping mechanism 260 and the top cover 12 is sunk, and the cathode lug 11a and the anode lug 11b are respectively supported by the two pole lug supporting mechanisms 270, the front and rear core closing overturning driving modules 231 respectively drive the front and rear core closing overturning frames 232 together with the respective one cell body clamping mechanisms 250 and the respective pair of two insulating film clamping mechanisms 240 simultaneously to oppositely overturn the two cell bodies 11 of the battery cell 10 with the film and the insulating film 13 around the top cover 12 from the horizontal spreading state to the vertical overlapping state, and the cell bodies 11 and the insulating film 13 on two sides are continuously approaching to the top cover 12 in the overturning process, so that the core closing operation of the battery cell 10 is completed.
The film folding and transferring device 300 is used for receiving the core-assembled battery cell 10 from the core-assembled battery cell carrying mechanism, pushing the insulating films 13 extending out of the bottom surfaces on the front and rear large surfaces of the battery cell 10 to overlap the bottom surface of the battery cell 10, and then moving the battery cell 10 to the base glue pasting device for base glue pasting. Referring to fig. 22, the film folding and transferring device 300 includes a film folding translation driving module 310 and a film folding device 320, the film folding translation driving module 310 is fixed on a machine, the film folding device 320 is fixed at an output end of the film folding translation driving module 310, and the film folding translation driving module 310 can drive the film folding device 320 to pass through the primer sticking device 500 from the feeding and conveying mechanism to reach the transferring device 600.
Referring to fig. 23, the film folding device 320 includes a film folding frame 20, a battery cell carrier 30, a battery cell carrier lifting mechanism 40, and opposite clamping mechanisms 50, a right film folding mechanism 60 and a left film rolling mechanism 70 distributed on two sides of the battery cell carrier 30. The film folding frame 20 is fixed at the output end of the film folding translation driving module 310; the electric core carrier lifting mechanism 40 is fixed on the film folding frame 20, the electric core carrier 30 is fixed on the electric core carrier lifting mechanism 40, and the electric core carrier lifting mechanism 40 can drive the electric core carrier 30 to vertically lift in a preset range on the film folding frame 20.
The film folding frame 20 comprises a film folding frame bottom plate 21, a film folding frame vertical plate 22 and a film folding frame panel 23; the bottom end of the film folding frame vertical plate 22 is fixed on the film folding frame bottom plate 21, and the film folding frame panel 23 is fixed at the top end of the film folding frame vertical plate 22. The battery cell carrier lifting mechanism 40, the clamping mechanism 50 and one part of the film rolling mechanism 70 are all fixed on the film folding frame panel 23, the film folding mechanism 60 is fixed on the right half side of the clamping mechanism 50, and the other part of the film rolling mechanism 70 is fixed on the left half side of the clamping mechanism 50.
The clamping mechanism 50 includes a clamping drive 51, a clamp carriage slide group 52, two clamp carriages 53, two clamps 54 and a clamp carriage travel switch group 55, wherein the clamp carriage 53 includes a clamp carriage bottom plate 531, a clamp carriage riser 532 and a clamp carriage top plate 533, the bottom end of the clamp carriage riser 532 is fixed on the clamp carriage bottom plate 531, and the clamp carriage top plate 533 is fixed on the top end of the clamp carriage riser 532.
The clamping driving piece 51 and the sliding rails of the clamp sliding frame sliding group 52 are fixed on the film folding frame panel 23, the left clamp sliding frame bottom plate 531 and the right clamp sliding frame bottom plate 531 are fixed on the left output end and the right output end of the clamping driving piece 51 and the sliding blocks of the clamp sliding frame sliding group 52, the left clamp 54 and the right clamp 54 are respectively fixed on the left clamp sliding frame vertical plate 532 and the right clamp sliding frame vertical plate 532, the sensing piece of the clamp sliding frame travel switch group 55 is fixed on the clamp sliding frame bottom plate 531, the travel switch of the clamp sliding frame travel switch group 55 is fixed on the film folding frame bottom plate 21, and the clamp driving piece 51 can drive the clamp 54 to clamp the electric core 10 and the insulating films 13 on two large surfaces thereof in a preset range and a preset direction.
The cell stage lifting mechanism 40 includes a cell stage lifting drive 41, a cell stage guide post 42, a cell stage guide sleeve 43, and a cell stage lifting travel switch group 44. The cell carrier lifting driving piece 41 and the cell carrier guide sleeve 43 are fixed on the film folding frame panel 23, the cell carrier 30 is fixed at the output end of the cell carrier lifting driving piece 41, and the cell carrier guide post 42 is vertically fixed on the cell carrier 30 and is in movable fit with the cell carrier guide sleeve 43; the induction piece in the battery cell carrying table lifting travel switch group 44 is fixed on the outer side surface of the battery cell carrying table 30, and the travel switch in the battery cell carrying table lifting travel switch group 44 is fixed on the membrane folding frame panel 23; the cell carrier lifting driving member 41 can drive the cell carrier 30 to vertically lift up and down on the film folding frame 20 within a preset range.
The film folding mechanism 60 comprises a film folding driving piece 61, a film folding sliding plate 62, a film folding sliding group 63, a film folding knife bracket 64, a film folding knife elastic pressing piece 65, a film folding knife 66 and a film folding sliding plate limiting piece 67. The film folding driving piece 61, the sliding rail of the film folding sliding group 63 and the film folding sliding plate limiting piece 67 are all fixed on a clamp sliding frame top plate 533 of the clamp sliding frame 53 on the right, the film folding sliding plate 62 is fixed on the output end of the film folding driving piece 61 and the sliding block of the film folding sliding group 63, the film folding knife bracket 64 is fixed on one end of the film folding sliding plate 62, which is close to the cell carrier 30, the film folding knife 66 is rotatably arranged on the film folding knife bracket 64, the film folding knife elastic pressing piece 65 is arranged between the film folding knife bracket 64 and the film folding knife 66, and downward elastic pressure is applied to the film folding knife 66. The film folding driving member 61 can drive the film folding knife 66 to move along the sliding rail of the film folding sliding group 63 within a predetermined range, so as to elastically push over the insulating film 13 extending out of the bottom surface of the battery cell 10 on one large surface of the battery cell 10 to the bottom surface of the battery cell 10 and press the insulating film 13.
The film rolling mechanism 70 comprises a film rolling driving piece 71, a film rolling sliding group 72, a film rolling sliding frame 73, a film rolling press roller hinge frame 74, a film rolling press roller hinge frame elastic pressing piece 75, a film rolling press roller 76 and a film rolling sliding frame limiting piece 77; the film rolling carriage 73 comprises a film rolling carriage bracket 731 and a film rolling carriage sliding plate 732, and the film rolling carriage sliding plate 732 is fixed at the top end of the film rolling carriage bracket 731. The film rolling driving member 71 is fixed on the film folding frame panel 23 of the film folding frame 20, the slide rail of the film rolling sliding group 72 and the film rolling carriage limiting member 77 are fixed on the clamp carriage top plate 533 of the clamp carriage 53 on the left, the film rolling carriage bracket 731 is fixed on the output end of the film rolling driving member 71, the film rolling carriage sliding plate 732 is fixed on the slide block of the film rolling sliding group 72, the film rolling roller hinge frame 74 is fixed on one side of the film rolling carriage sliding plate 732 near the cell carrier 30, the film rolling roller 76 is rotatably mounted on the film rolling roller hinge frame 74, the film rolling roller hinge frame elastic pressing member 75 is mounted inside the film rolling roller hinge frame 74, an elastic downward pressure is applied to the film rolling roller 76, and the film rolling driving member 71 can drive the film rolling roller 76 to move in a predetermined range to elastically push the insulating film 13 extending from the bottom surface of the cell 10 to the bottom surface of the cell 10 and press the insulating film 13.
The primer preparation device 400 is located beside the film folding and transferring device 300 and is used for dividing and cutting the primer strip into the primer strips 14. Referring to fig. 24 to 26, the primer preparing apparatus 400 includes a primer preparing bracket 410, a primer mounting shaft 420 for placing a primer, a primer guide roller set 430, a primer tensioning mechanism 440, a primer pressing mechanism 450, a primer gluing mechanism 460, a primer cutting mechanism 470 and a primer pulling mechanism 480.
The base tape mounting shaft 420 is fixed to the base tape holder 410 for mounting the base tape roll.
The primer guide roller set 430 is disposed at an outer side of the primer mounting shaft 420, and a plurality of guide rollers of the primer guide roller set 430 are rotatably mounted on the primer holder 410.
The primer tensioning mechanism 440 is fixed to the primer holder 410 and is capable of telescoping but maintaining the primer between the two primer guide rollers in the set of raised primer guide rollers 430 for tensioning the primer.
The bottom tape pressing mechanism 450 comprises a bottom tape pressing driving piece 451, a bottom tape pressing block 452 and a bearing shaft 453, wherein the bottom tape pressing block 452 is fixed at the output end of the bottom tape pressing driving piece 451, the bottom tape pressing driving piece 451 can drive the bottom tape pressing block 452 to lift, and when the bottom tape pressing block 452 descends to the lowest position, the bottom tape pressing block 452 presses the bottom tape to cut off the tape.
The base tape gluing mechanism 460 includes an adhesion platform 461, an adhesion platform drive 462, and an adhesion platform buffer 463. The top surface of the adhesion platform 461 is provided with a plurality of salient points 4611 for adhering the adhesive surface of the adhesive tape, the adhesion platform driving part 462 is fixed on the back adhesive bracket 410, the adhesion platform buffer part 463 is fixed at the output end of the adhesion platform driving part 462, the adhesion platform 461 is fixed on the adhesion platform buffer part 463, and the adhesion platform driving part 462 can drive the adhesion platform 461 to lift so as to enable the adhesion platform 461 to adhere to the back adhesive tape.
The base tape cutting mechanism 470 is located between the base tape pressing mechanism 450 and the base tape gluing mechanism 460, the base tape cutting mechanism 470 includes a cutter 471 and a cutting driving member 472, the cutter 471 is fixed at the output end of the cutting driving member 472, and the cutting driving member 472 can drive the cutter 471 to cut off the base tape.
The bottom tape pulling mechanism 480 is used for clamping the bottom tape head and pulling the bottom tape out of the position of the bottom tape pressing mechanism 450 onto the bottom tape gluing mechanism 460. Referring to fig. 27, the base tape pulling mechanism 480 includes a base tape clamp 481, a base tape clamp drive 482, a base tape strip take-off clamp drive 483, a base tape pull tape drive 484, a base tape strip take-off clamp slide 485, a base tape strip take-off clamp slide group 486, a base tape pull tape slide 487, a base tape pull tape slide group 488, a base tape pull tape support 489, a base tape pull tape support stop 48a, a base tape pull tape slide back stop 48b, and a base tape pull tape slide forward stop 48c.
The base tape strip stripper driver 483 is secured to the output of the base tape pull driver 484, the base tape clamp driver 482 is secured to the output of the base tape strip stripper driver 483, the base tape clamp 481 is secured to the output of the base tape clamp driver 482, the base tape clamp driver 482 is capable of driving the base tape clamp 481 to clamp the base tape, the base tape strip stripper driver 483 is capable of driving the base tape clamp 481 to move away from directly above the base tape strip 14, and the base tape pull driver 484 is capable of driving the base tape clamp 481 to pull the base tape from the base tape press 450 onto the base tape adhesive 460.
The base tape dispenser 489 is secured to the base tape dispenser 410, the base tape dispenser 484 and the base tape dispenser 488 are secured to the base tape dispenser 489, the base tape dispenser 483 is secured to the base tape dispenser 487 and the output of the base tape dispenser 484, the base tape dispenser 487 is secured to the base tape dispenser 488, the base tape dispenser 486 is secured to the base tape dispenser 487, the base tape dispenser 485 is secured to the base tape dispenser 485 and the base tape dispenser 486.
The bottom tape glue pulling support stop block 48a is fixed on the bottom tape glue pulling support 489, the bottom tape glue pulling slide plate retreating limiting piece 48b is fixed on the bottom tape glue pulling slide plate 487, which is close to the outer side edge of the bottom tape glue pulling support stop block 48a, and the bottom tape glue pulling slide plate advancing limiting piece 48c is fixed on the slide rail of the bottom tape glue pulling slide group 488, and protrudes out of the slide rail of the bottom tape glue pulling slide group 488, which is close to the outer side edge of the bottom tape glue pulling support stop block 48 a; the backing tape pulling slide plate retreating limiting piece 48b and the backing tape pulling rear end limiting piece 48c are respectively used for limiting the forward and backward sliding range of the backing tape pulling slide plate 487 pulling the adhesive, so that the preset length of the backing tape strip 14 is determined.
The primer attaching device 500 is located on the film folding and transferring device 300, and is used for sucking the primer strips 14 cut by the primer preparing device 400, and attaching the primer strips 14 to the lap seams 13b of the insulating film 13 on the bottom surface of the battery cell 10. Specifically, please refer to fig. 28, the primer attaching device 500 includes a primer attaching bracket 510, a primer attaching manipulator translation module 520, a primer attaching manipulator lifting module 530, and a primer attaching manipulator 540, wherein the primer attaching manipulator translation module 520 is horizontally fixed on the top of the primer attaching bracket 510, and the primer attaching manipulator lifting module 530 is vertically fixed at the output end of the primer attaching manipulator translation module 520.
Referring to fig. 29, the primer attaching robot 540 includes a robot mounting frame 541, a robot swing driving member 542, a swing frame 543, and a suction cup assembly 544.
The manipulator mounting frame 541 is fixed at the output end of the primer-sticking manipulator lifting module 530; the manipulator rotation driving piece 542 is fixed on the manipulator mounting frame 541, and the rotation bracket 543 is fixed at the output end of the manipulator rotation driving piece 542; the suction cup assembly 544 is secured to the swivel mount 543.
The suction cup assembly 544 comprises a base tape strip holder 5441, a holder lift driver 5442, two base tape strip press rolls 5443 and two base tape strip press roll holders 5444, a holder lift slide block 5445 and base tape strip press roll holder tensioning members 5446, a holder lift driver 5442 centered and two base tape strip press roll holders 5444 fixed to the bottom of the swivel bracket 543 on both sides of the holder lift driver 5442, the base tape strip holder 5441 fixed to the output end of the holder lift driver 5442, the holder lift driver 5442 capable of driving the base tape strip holder 5441 to lift; two base tape strip pressure rollers 5443 are rotatably mounted to the bottom of two base tape strip pressure roller brackets 5444 adjacent to opposite sides of the base tape strip holder 5441, respectively.
The bottom of the base tape strip holder 5441 is provided with a first suction cup 54411 for sucking the base tape strip 14; two opposite sides of the two bottoms of the two base tape strip pressing roller brackets 5444 are provided with second suction cups 54441 for sucking the base tape strips 14.
The sliding rails in the holder lifting slide group 5445 are vertically fixed in the swivel bracket 543, and the base tape strip holder 5441 is fixed on the sliding blocks of the holder lifting slide group 5445.
A base tape strip press roll holder tensioning member 5446 is secured between the top ends of the two base tape strip press roll holders 5444 for providing opposing elastic tension to the two base tape strip press roll holders 5444.
The transfer device 600 is located between the film folding and transferring device 300 and the turning and transferring device 700, and is used for conveying the battery cell 10 from the film folding and transferring device 300 to the turning and transferring device 700. Referring to fig. 30, the transfer device 600 includes a transfer device support 610, a transfer translation driving module 620, a transfer translation carriage 630, a transfer lifting driving member 640 and a first electric core manipulator 650, the transfer translation driving module 620 is fixed on the transfer device support 610, the transfer translation carriage 630 is fixed at an output end of the transfer translation driving module 620, the transfer lifting driving member 640 is fixed on the transfer translation carriage 630, the first electric core manipulator 650 is fixed at an output end of the transfer lifting driving member 640, the transfer lifting driving member 640 can drive the first electric core manipulator 650 to lift so as to take out the electric core 10, the transfer translation driving module 620 can drive the transfer translation carriage 630 to move with the transfer lifting driving member 640 and the first electric core manipulator 650, and the electric core 10 is carried from the film folding and transferring device 300 to the turning and transferring device 700.
The overturning and transferring device 700 is used for transferring the battery cell 10 after the primer is attached to the side glue attaching device 900, and overturning the battery cell 10 from a large-surface vertical posture to a large-surface horizontal posture. Referring to fig. 31 and 32, the turning and transferring device 700 is partially located under the glue applying device 900 and includes a turning mechanism 710 and a turning mechanism translation module 720, and referring to fig. 33, the turning mechanism 710 includes a turning carriage 711, a turning driving member 712, a turning driving system 713, a turning shaft 714 and a glue applying clamp 715.
The turnover carriage 711 is fixed at the output end of the turnover mechanism translation module 720, the turnover driving piece 712 is fixed on the turnover carriage 711, the turnover shaft 714 is in transmission connection with the output end of the turnover driving piece 712 through the turnover transmission system 713, the adhesive clamp 715 is fixed on the turnover shaft 714, the turnover driving piece 712 can drive the adhesive clamp 715 to turn from the vertical posture of the battery core 10 to the horizontal posture of the battery core 10, and the turnover mechanism translation module 720 can drive the turnover mechanism 710 to take the adhesive clamp 715 to receive the battery core 10 from the middle turnover device 600 and then turn and transfer the battery core 10 to the adhesive of the adhesive device 900.
The adhesive clamp 715 includes an adhesive clamp base plate 7151, an adhesive clamp drive 7152, an adhesive clamp carrier plate 7153, and two adhesive clamp clamps 7154. The side glue clamp bottom plate 7151 is fixedly connected with the turning shaft 714, the side glue clamp 7154 driving piece and the side glue clamp carrier plate 7153 are fixed on the side glue clamp bottom plate 7151, the two side glue clamp clamps 7154 are fixed at the output end of the side glue clamp driving piece 7152, and the side glue clamp driving piece 7152 can drive the two side glue clamp clamps 7154 to be close to the side glue clamp carrier plate 7153, so that the electric core 10 is clamped.
The adhesive-sticking device 800 is used for sticking the bottom surface of the battery cell 10, and assisting the adhesive-sticking clamp to clamp and position the battery cell 10. Referring to fig. 34, the adhesive applying device 800 includes an adhesive applying bracket 810 and an adhesive applying hand 820, wherein the adhesive applying hand 820 is fixed on the top of the adhesive applying bracket 810 for applying adhesive to the bottom surface of the battery cell 10.
The side adhesive attaching device 900 is used for attaching two side adhesive tapes 15 to two sides of the battery cell 10, and simultaneously folding and attaching the two side adhesive tapes to the insulating films 13 on two large sides of the battery cell 10. Referring to fig. 35 and 36, the adhesive device 900 includes an adhesive driving mechanism 910 and two adhesive mechanisms 920 disposed symmetrically, where the adhesive driving mechanism 910 includes an adhesive frame 911, two adhesive translation modules 912 and two adhesive lifting modules 913, the two adhesive translation modules 912 are respectively fixed horizontally on two ends of a beam of the adhesive frame 911, and the two adhesive lifting modules 913 are respectively fixed vertically at output ends of the two adhesive translation modules 912.
Referring to fig. 37, each of the taping mechanisms 920 includes a taping tape carriage 921, a taping tape roll supporting assembly 922, a taping tape supporting roller set 923, a taping tape tensioning assembly 924, a taping tape clamping assembly 925, a taping tape suction plate 926, a taping roller set 927, a taping tape cutter 928, and a taping tape driving member 929.
The side adhesive tape carriage 921 is fixed at the output end of the side adhesive tape lifting module 913, and the side adhesive tape roll supporting assembly 922 is fixed on the side adhesive tape carriage 921 for placing the side adhesive tape roll 15a; the side adhesive tape supporting roller set 923 includes a plurality of side adhesive tape supporting rollers mounted on the side adhesive tape attaching carriage 921 for winding the side adhesive tape, one tensioning roller with a fixed power output end of the side adhesive tape tensioning assembly 924 picks up the side adhesive tape strip 15 between the two side adhesive tape supporting rollers in the side adhesive tape supporting roller set 923, and the side adhesive tape tensioning assembly 924 can drive the tensioning rollers to lift.
The side tape clamping assembly 925, the side tape suction plate 926, the side adhesive roller set 927 and the side tape cutting drive 929 are all mounted on the side adhesive tape carriage 921; a side tape cutter 928 is fixed to the output end of the side tape cutting driver 929; the adhesive side roller set 927 includes an upper adhesive side roller and a lower adhesive side roller that are disposed opposite to each other.
When the side adhesive is adhered, the side adhesive tape suction plate 926 of the side adhesive mechanism 920 sucks the side adhesive tape to expose a section of the side adhesive tape head with a predetermined length, the side adhesive tape lifting module 913 of the side adhesive tape driving mechanism 910 drives the side adhesive tape lifting module to descend and move close to the battery core 10, stop at a predetermined position below the battery core 10, then move to a predetermined position below the battery core 10 and stop again under the driving of the side adhesive tape translation module 912, the side adhesive tape driving mechanism 910 lifts the side adhesive tape mechanism 920 again, lifts the side adhesive tape suction plate 926, and the side adhesive tape head is adhered to the insulating film 13 on the large surface below the battery core 10 for overlapping the predetermined length. Then, the side adhesive translation module 912 of the side adhesive driving mechanism 910 translates and withdraws to roll the side adhesive tape head under the large lower surface of the electric core 10, when the upper side adhesive roll withdraws to the lower corner of the side surface of the electric core 10, the side adhesive driving mechanism 910 drives the side adhesive mechanism 920 to ascend to drive the side adhesive tape to be fed, the side adhesive tape is rolled by the upper side adhesive roll and the lower side adhesive roll and then is attached to the side surface of the electric core 10, when the lower side adhesive roll arrives at the upper corner of the side surface of the electric core 10, the side adhesive driving mechanism 910 drives the side adhesive mechanism 920 to translate and drive the side adhesive tape to be fed continuously, the side adhesive tape is rolled by the lower side adhesive roll and attached to the large upper surface of the electric core 10 to a preset position, then the side adhesive tape clamping component 925 clamps the side adhesive tape at the incoming end, the side adhesive tape cutter cuts off the side adhesive tape, and the side adhesive tape driving mechanism 910 continues to drive the side adhesive mechanism 920 to move forward to press the tail of the side adhesive tape to be attached to the insulating film 13 on the large upper surface of the electric core 10 by a preset length. The operation of the adhesive on the other side of the battery cell 10 is simultaneously and synchronously completed by the adhesive driving mechanism 910 and the adhesive mechanism 920 which are symmetrically arranged in the mirror direction.
Referring to fig. 38, the adhesive transfer and package transporting device 1000 is used for transporting the battery cells 10 after the adhesive transfer from the adhesive clamp 715 of the turning and transferring device 700 to the encapsulation clamp 1150 of the encapsulation transferring device 1100.
The side glue transferring and coating conveying device 1000 comprises a conveying translation module 1010, two conveying lifting modules 1020 with variable spacing, two second electric core manipulators 1030 and a joint hand variable-distance driving piece 1040, wherein the two conveying lifting modules 1020 are respectively and horizontally fixed at the output ends of the conveying translation module 1010, the two second electric core manipulators 1030 are respectively and vertically fixed at the output ends of the two conveying lifting modules 1020, the joint hand variable-distance driving piece 1040 is fixed between the two conveying lifting modules 1020, the joint hand variable-distance driving piece 1040 can drive the two conveying lifting modules 1020 to change the distance on the conveying translation module 1010, and the conveying translation module 1010 can drive the two conveying lifting modules 1020 together with the joint hand variable-distance driving piece 1040 and the two second electric core manipulators 1030 to convey two electric cores to the coating conveying device 1100 from the overturning and transferring device 700 at the same time for coating.
The encapsulation transfer apparatus 1100 is used for transferring the battery cells 10 after the side glue is applied to a position close to the encapsulation apparatus 1200. Specifically, referring to fig. 39, the encapsulating transfer apparatus 1100 includes an encapsulating transfer driving member 1110, an encapsulating transfer driving train 1120, an encapsulating transfer sliding plate 1130, an encapsulating transfer sliding group 1140, and an encapsulating jig 1150; the input end of the encapsulation transfer drive system 1120 is in transmission connection with the output end of the encapsulation transfer drive member 1110, the encapsulation transfer slide 1130 is fixed on the output end of the encapsulation transfer drive system 1120 and the slide blocks of the encapsulation transfer slide set 1140, and the encapsulation clamp 1150 is fixed on the encapsulation transfer slide 1130; the encapsulation transfer drive 1110 may move the encapsulation transfer slide 1130 along the slide rails of the encapsulation transfer slide block 1140 with the encapsulation clamp 1150 via the encapsulation transfer drive train 1120.
Referring to fig. 40 and 41, the encapsulation fixture 1150 includes an encapsulation fixture bracket 1151, an encapsulation fixture movable clamp 1152, an encapsulation fixture movable clamp translational drive 1153, an encapsulation fixture movable clamp slide 1154, an encapsulation fixture fixed clamp 1155, an encapsulation fixture movable clamp 1156, an encapsulation fixture movable clamp plate elevating drive 1157, an encapsulation fixture movable clamp plate elevating slide 1158, an encapsulation fixture cell carrier 1159, and an encapsulation fixture movable clamp carriage 115a.
The encapsulating jig support 1151 is fixed on the encapsulating transfer slide 1130, and the encapsulating jig cell carrier 1159 is fixed on the encapsulating jig support 1151.
The three rubber coating fixture fixing clamps 1155 are respectively fixed on the rubber coating fixture cell carrier plate 1159 and are used for abutting against two side surfaces and the bottom surface of the cell 10, the rubber coating fixture movable clamp translation driving piece 1153 is fixed under the rubber coating fixture bracket 1151, the sliding rail of the rubber coating fixture movable clamp sliding group 1154 is fixed on the rubber coating fixture bracket 1151, the rubber coating fixture movable clamp sliding frame 115a is fixed on the output end of the rubber coating fixture movable clamp translation driving piece 1153 and the sliding block of the rubber coating fixture movable clamp sliding group 1154, the rubber coating fixture movable clamp 1152 is fixed on the rubber coating fixture movable clamp sliding frame 115a, and the rubber coating fixture movable clamp translation driving piece 1153 can drive the rubber coating fixture movable clamp 1152 to be close to the top surface of the cell 10 to clamp the cell 10.
The output end of the movable pressing plate lifting driving member 1157 of the encapsulation jig and the sliding rail of the movable pressing plate lifting sliding group 1158 of the encapsulation jig are fixed on the movable clamp sliding frame 115a of the encapsulation jig, the movable pressing plate 1156 of the encapsulation jig is fixed under the movable pressing plate lifting driving member 1157 of the encapsulation jig and on the sliding block of the movable pressing plate lifting sliding group 1158 of the encapsulation jig, and the movable pressing plate lifting driving member 1157 of the encapsulation jig can drive the movable pressing plate 1156 of the encapsulation jig to lower the upper surface of the battery cell 10.
The encapsulation device 1200 is used to push down the side tape strips 15 extending from the bottom surface on the two large sides and the two side surfaces of the battery cell 10, and overlap the insulating film 13 on the bottom surface of the battery cell 10. Referring to fig. 42 to 44, the encapsulation apparatus 1200 includes an encapsulation advancing and retreating mechanism 1210, a left roller assembly 1220, a right roller assembly 12a0, an upper roller assembly 1240, and a lower roller assembly 1250.
The encapsulated advance and retreat mechanism 1210 includes an advance and retreat carriage 1211, an advance and retreat carriage translation drive 1212, a base 1213, an advance and retreat carriage left and right slide group 1214, and an advance and retreat carriage translation limit assembly 1215. The advance and retreat carriage 1211 is fixed to the output end of the advance and retreat carriage translation driving piece 1212 and the slider of the advance and retreat carriage left and right slide group 1214, and the advance and retreat carriage translation driving piece 1212 can drive the advance and retreat carriage 1211 to advance and retreat reciprocally. The advance and retreat carriage 1211 is fixed to the slide blocks of the advance and retreat carriage left and right slide groups 1214, and the advance and retreat carriage translation restricting unit 1215 restricts the left and right slide range of the advance and retreat carriage 1211. The left roller assembly 1220, the right roller assembly 12a0, the upper roller assembly 1240 and the lower roller assembly 1250 are mounted on the advance and retreat carriage 1211 and are respectively disposed at left, right, upper and lower end positions of the advance and retreat carriage 1211.
The left roller assembly 1220 includes a left roller 1221, a left roller bracket 1222, a left roller bracket translational drive 1223, left roller left and right carriages 1224, left roller left and right slide groups 1225, left roller front and rear slide groups 1226, and left roller front and rear elastic supports 1227. The left roller 1221 is rotatably mounted on a left roller holder 1222, the left roller holder 1222 being fixed to the output end of the left roller holder translational drive 1223; the left roller bracket translation driving member 1223 is fixed on the advance and retreat carriage 1211, and the left roller bracket translation driving member 1223 can drive the left roller 1221 to push over and roll the side adhesive tape strip 15 extending out of the bottom surface on the left side surface of the battery cell 10, so that the side adhesive tape strip 15 is adhered to the insulating film 13 on the bottom surface of the battery cell 10. The left and right carriages 1224 are fixed to the output ends of the left roller frame translational drive member 1223 and the sliders of the left and right slide groups 1225 to fix the left roller frame 1222, and the slide rails of the left and right slide groups 1225 are laterally fixed to the advance and retreat carriage 1211. The sliders of the left roller front-rear slide group 1226 are fixed to left and right carriages 1224, and the left roller bracket 1222 is fixed to the slide rails of the left roller front-rear slide group 1226. The left roller front-back elastic support 1227 is clamped between the left roller left-right carriage 1224 and the left roller bracket 1222, so that the left roller 1221 can elastically push the side adhesive tape strip 15 extending out of the bottom surface of the battery cell on the left side surface of the battery cell 10.
The right roller assembly 12a0 includes a right roller 12a1, a right roller bracket 12a2, a right roller bracket translational drive 12a3, a right roller left and right carriage 12a4, a right roller left and right slide group 12a5, a right roller front and rear slide group 12a6, and a right roller front and rear elastic support 12a7.
The right roller 12a1 is rotatably mounted on a right roller bracket 12a2, and the right roller bracket 12a2 is fixed at the output end of a right roller bracket translation driving member 12a 3; the right roller bracket translation driving member 12a3 is fixed on the advance and retreat carriage 1211, the right roller bracket translation driving member 12a3 can drive the right roller 12a1 to push down and roll the side adhesive tape strip 15 extending out of the bottom surface on the right side surface of the battery cell 10, the side adhesive tape strip 15 is adhered to the insulating film 13 on the bottom surface of the battery cell 10, the right roller left and right carriage 12a4 is fixed on the output end of the right roller bracket translation driving member 12a3 and the sliding block of the right roller left and right sliding group 12a5 to fix the right roller bracket 12a2, the sliding rail of the right roller left and right sliding group 12a5 is transversely fixed on the advance and retreat carriage 1211, the sliding block of the right roller front and rear sliding group 12a6 is fixed on the right roller left and right sliding block 12a4, and the right roller bracket 12a2 is fixed on the sliding rail of the right roller front and rear sliding group 12a 6. The right roller front-rear elastic support 12a7 is clamped between the right roller left-right carriage 12a4 and the right roller bracket 12a2, so that the right roller 12a1 can elastically push the side adhesive tape strip 15 extending out of the bottom surface of the battery cell on the right side surface of the battery cell 10.
The upper roller assembly includes an upper roller 1241, an upper roller bracket 1242, an upper roller bracket lift drive 1243, an upper roller lift carriage 1244, an upper roller lift slide set 1245, an upper roller front-rear slide set 1246, an upper roller front-rear elastic support 1247, an upper roller front-rear carriage 1248, an upper roller left-right adjustment slide set 1249, and an upper roller left-right elastic support 124a.
The upper roller 1241 is rotatably mounted on an upper roller bracket 1242, and the upper roller bracket 1242 is fixed at an output end of an upper roller bracket lift driving member 1243; the upper roller bracket translation driving member 1243 is fixed on the advance and retreat carriage 1211, and the upper roller bracket lifting driving member 1243 can drive the upper roller 1241 to push over and roll the side adhesive tape strip 15 with the bottom surface extending out of the upper surface of the battery cell 10, so that the side adhesive tape strip 15 is adhered to the insulating film 13 on the bottom surface of the battery cell 10.
The upper roller lifting carriage 1244 is fixed on the output end of the upper roller bracket lifting driving member 1243 and the slide block of the upper roller lifting slide group 1245 to fix the upper roller front and rear carriage 1248; the sliding rail of the upper roller lifting sliding group 1245 is vertically fixed on the advance and retreat sliding frame 1211; the sliders of the upper roller front-rear sliding group 1246 are fixed on the upper roller lifting carriage 1244, and the upper roller front-rear carriage 1248 is fixed on the slide rails of the upper roller front-rear sliding group 1246 to fix the upper roller bracket 1242. The upper roller front-rear elastic support 1247 is clamped between the upper roller lifting carriage 1244 and the upper roller front-rear carriage 1248, so that the upper roller 1241 can elastically push the side adhesive tape strip 15 extending out of the bottom surface of the battery cell on the large surface of the battery cell 10. The sliding rails of the upper roller left-right adjusting sliding group 1249 are fixed on the upper roller front-rear sliding frame 1248, two upper roller brackets 1242 which are distributed at intervals are respectively fixed on two sliding blocks of the upper roller left-right adjusting sliding group 1249, and an upper roller left-right elastic support 124a is clamped between the two upper roller brackets 1242, so that the left upper roller 1241 and the right upper roller 1241 can elastically push two sides of the left side adhesive tape strip 15 and the right side adhesive tape strip 15 which extend out of the bottom surface of the battery cell on the large surface of the battery cell 10.
The lower roller assembly includes a lower roller 1251, a lower roller bracket 1252, a lower roller bracket elevating drive 1253, a lower roller elevating carriage 1254, a lower roller elevating slide set 1255, a lower roller front-rear slide set 1256, a lower roller front-rear elastic support 1257, a lower roller front-rear carriage 1258, a lower roller left-right adjustment slide set 1259, and a lower roller left-right elastic support 125a.
The lower roller 1251 is rotatably mounted on a lower roller bracket 1252, and the lower roller bracket 1251 is fixed at an output end of a lower roller bracket lifting driving member 1253; the lower roller bracket lifting driving piece 1253 can drive the lower roller 1251 to push down and roll the side adhesive tape strip 15 extending out of the bottom surface on the large lower surface of the battery cell 10, so that the side adhesive tape strip 15 is adhered to the insulating film 13 on the bottom surface of the battery cell 10. The lower roller elevating carriage 1254 is fixed to the output end of the lower roller bracket elevating driving member 1253 and the slider of the lower roller elevating slide set 1255 to fix the lower roller front and rear carriage 612, and the slide rail of the lower roller elevating slide set 1255 is vertically fixed to the advance and retreat carriage 1211. The slide blocks of the lower roller front-rear slide block 1256 are fixed on the lower roller lifting slide block 1254, and the lower roller front-rear slide block 1258 is fixed on the slide rails of the lower roller front-rear slide block 1256 to fix the lower roller bracket 1252, and the lower roller front-rear elastic support 1257 is sandwiched between the lower roller lifting slide block 1254 and the lower roller front-rear slide block 1258.
The slide rails of the lower roller left-right adjustment slide group 1259 are fixed on the lower roller front-rear carriage 1258, and two lower roller brackets 1252 spaced apart are fixed on the slide blocks of the lower roller left-right adjustment slide group 1259. The left and right elastic supports 125a of the lower roller are clamped between the two lower roller brackets 1252, so that the left and right lower rollers 1251 can elastically push the side adhesive tape strips 15 extending out of the bottom surface of the battery cell on the lower large surface of the battery cell 10.
Referring to fig. 45, the encapsulated appearance detecting device 1300 includes a left color sensor 1310, a middle color sensor 1320, and a right color sensor 1330, wherein the left color sensor 1310, the middle color sensor 1320, and the right color sensor 1330 are respectively fixed under a beam of a bracket of the side-to-side glue transferring and packaging transporting device 1000 in a delta shape, and the encapsulated transferring device 1100 removes the encapsulated battery cells 10 under the encapsulated appearance detecting device 1300. The left color sense 1310, the middle color sense 1320 and the right color sense 1330 are all large on the positive core 10, wherein the left color sense 1310 scans and photographs the left side glue, the middle color sense 1320 scans and photographs the bottom glue, the right color sense 1330 scans and photographs the right side glue, records a photo, judges whether the size and the shape of the attached adhesive tape are qualified, and feeds information back to the encapsulation-to-insulation resistance detection and blanking conveying device 1400 for conveying the battery core.
Referring to fig. 46, the encapsulating-to-insulation-resistor detecting and discharging and conveying device 1400 includes a rotatable and variable-pitch double-jaw manipulator 1410, and the packaged battery cells 10 are grabbed from the encapsulating device 1200 onto the insulation-resistor detecting device 1500 by the rotatable and variable-pitch double-jaw manipulator 1410, and the battery cells 10 after resistor detection are discharged.
The insulation resistance detection device 1500 is used for detecting the insulation performance of the surface of the encapsulated battery cell 10. Referring to fig. 47, the insulation resistance detection apparatus 1500 includes a resistance measurement bracket 1510, a resistance measurement translation mechanism 1520, a resistance measurement carriage 1530, a resistance measurement carrier plate 1540, a resistance measurement clamping mechanism 1550, a resistance measurement platen lifting drive mechanism 1560, a resistance measurement platen 1570, a resistance measurement probe 1580, and a resistance measurement instrument 1590.
The resistance measurement translation mechanism 1520 is fixed at the lower part of the resistance measurement bracket 1510, the resistance measurement carriage 1530 is fixed at the output end of the resistance measurement translation mechanism 1520, the resistance measurement carrier plate 1540 and the resistance measurement clamping mechanism 1550 are fixed on the resistance measurement carriage 1530, the resistance measurement pressure plate lifting driving mechanism 1560 is fixed at the upper part of the resistance measurement bracket 1510, the resistance measurement pressure plate 1570 and the resistance measurement probe 1580 are fixed at the output end of the resistance measurement pressure plate lifting driving mechanism 1560, and the resistance measurement instrument 1590 is fixed on top of the resistance measurement bracket 1510.
The resistance measurement translation mechanism 1520 drives the resistance measurement carriage 1530 to go under the encapsulation-to-insulation resistance detection and blanking conveying device 1400, the battery cell 10 is placed on the resistance measurement carrier plate 1540 in a large-surface downward direction, the resistance measurement clamping mechanism 1550 clamps the battery cell 10, the resistance measurement pressing plate lifting driving mechanism 1560 can drive the resistance measurement pressing plate 1570 to press the battery cell 10, the resistance measurement probe presses one lug of the battery cell 10, and the resistance measurement instrument performs insulation resistance measurement on the battery cell 10.
In summary, the battery core and the packaging machine of the embodiment realize automation of battery core feeding, core closing, film folding, base adhesive sticking, side adhesive sticking, rubber coating appearance detection, battery core insulating property detection and discharging, and each process has high continuity and high core closing and packaging efficiency.
The foregoing description of the preferred embodiments of the invention is not intended to be limiting, but rather is intended to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and principles of the invention.

Claims (13)

1. The battery core assembling and packaging machine is characterized by comprising a machine table, a feeding and conveying device, a core assembling device, a film folding and transferring device, a primer preparation device, a primer pasting device, a transfer device, a turnover and transferring device, a side glue propping device, a side glue pasting device, a side glue transferring and coating and conveying device, a rubber coating and transferring device, a rubber coating appearance detecting device, a rubber coating and insulating resistor detecting and blanking conveying device and an insulating resistor detecting device;
the feeding and carrying device comprises a carrying bracket, a film-carrying battery core carrying mechanism and a core-closing battery core carrying mechanism, wherein the film-carrying battery core carrying mechanism is used for carrying the film-carrying battery core subjected to soft connection welding to the core-closing device, and the core-closing battery core carrying mechanism carries the battery core subjected to core-closing to the film folding and transferring device;
The core closing device is used for oppositely overturning and superposing the two battery core bodies and the two insulating films around the top cover;
the film folding and transferring device is used for receiving the core-closing battery core from the core-closing battery core carrying mechanism, pushing the insulating films extending out of the bottom surfaces on the front and rear large surfaces of the battery core to overlap the bottom surface of the battery core, and then moving the battery core to the base adhesive sticking device for base adhesive sticking;
the bottom adhesive preparation device is positioned beside the film folding and transferring device and is used for dividing the bottom adhesive tape into bottom adhesive tape strips;
the bottom adhesive sticking device is positioned on the film folding and transferring device and is used for sucking the bottom adhesive tape strips cut by the bottom adhesive tape preparation device and sticking the bottom adhesive tape strips on the insulating film lap joint of the bottom surface of the battery cell;
the transfer device is positioned between the film folding and transferring device and the overturning and transferring device and is used for conveying the battery cell from the film folding and transferring device to the overturning and transferring device;
the overturning and transferring device is used for transferring the battery core with the primer attached to the side glue attaching device and overturning the battery core from a large-surface vertical posture to a large-surface horizontal posture at the same time, and is provided with an overturnable side glue attaching clamp for clamping the battery core;
The side glue propping device is used for propping against the bottom surface of the battery cell and assisting the side glue clamp to clamp and position the battery cell;
the side adhesive sticking device is used for sticking two side adhesive tape strips to two side surfaces of the battery cell respectively and simultaneously folding and sticking the two side adhesive tape strips to the insulating films of two large surfaces of the battery cell;
the side glue transferring and coating conveying device spans the overturning and transferring device and the coating and transferring device and is used for conveying the side glue-attached battery cells to the coating and transferring device;
the encapsulation transferring device is used for transferring the battery cells with the side glue to a position close to the encapsulation device, and an encapsulation clamp used for clamping the battery cells is arranged on the encapsulation transferring device;
the rubber coating device is used for pushing down the side adhesive tape strips extending out of the bottom surfaces on the two large surfaces and the two side surfaces of the battery cell and overlapping the insulating film on the bottom surface of the battery cell;
the encapsulation appearance detection device is used for detecting encapsulation conditions of the battery cells and feeding detection results back to the encapsulation-to-insulation resistance detection and blanking conveying device;
the encapsulated insulation resistance detection and blanking conveying device is used for grabbing encapsulated battery cells from the encapsulated transfer device to the insulation resistance detection device and blanking the battery cells subjected to resistance detection;
The insulation resistance detection device is used for detecting the insulation performance of the surface of the encapsulated battery cell;
the core closing device comprises a core closing bracket, a core closing translation mechanism, two core closing turnover mechanisms, two battery core body clamping mechanisms, two pairs of four insulating film clamping mechanisms, a top cover clamping mechanism and two lug supporting mechanisms;
the core closing translation mechanism is arranged at the top of the core closing bracket; the core closing translation mechanism comprises a left core closing translation driving module, a right core closing translation driving module, a front core closing translation sliding plate and a rear core closing translation sliding plate with a second opening, wherein the two core closing translation driving modules can drive the two core closing translation sliding plates to move linearly in a horizontal front-rear direction;
the two core closing turnover mechanisms are respectively fixed on the front side and the rear side opposite to each other on the two core closing translation sliding plates in a U-turn 180-degree posture; each core closing turnover mechanism comprises a core closing turnover driving module and a core closing turnover frame;
the battery cell body clamping mechanism is centrally fixed on the core closing roll-over stand and is used for placing the battery cell body together with the insulating film and clamping the battery cell body;
the two insulating film clamping mechanisms are externally fixed on the core folding roll-over stand and are used for clamping two corners, which extend out of the bottom surface of the battery core body, of the insulating film and are positioned on the outer side;
The top cover clamping mechanism is used for clamping the top cover and sinking the top cover;
the two lug supporting mechanisms are used for extending outwards from the two ends of the top cover to respectively support the anode lug and the cathode lug;
the top cover clamping mechanism and the two lug supporting mechanisms are both fixed under the core closing bracket and are both positioned between the two second openings, the top cover clamping mechanism is centered, and the two lug supporting mechanisms are positioned at the left side and the right side of the top cover clamping mechanism;
the left and right core closing translation driving modules drive the front and rear core closing translation sliding plates to move relatively and close to each other on a horizontal plane, the top cover clamping mechanisms clamp the top cover and enable the top cover to sink, and the two pole lug supporting mechanisms respectively support the cathode lugs and the anode lugs to be matched, the front and rear core closing overturning driving modules respectively drive the front and rear core closing overturning frames together with the battery core body clamping mechanisms and the two insulating film clamping mechanisms respectively, the two battery core bodies with the film battery cores and the insulating films are oppositely overturned to a vertical superposition state around the top cover from a horizontal spreading state, and the battery core bodies and the insulating films on two sides are continuously close to the top cover in the overturning process, so that core closing operation of the battery cores is completed.
2. The cell core combining and packaging machine according to claim 1, wherein the film folding and transferring device comprises a film folding translation driving module and a film folding device, the film folding translation driving module is fixed on a machine table, the film folding device is fixed at the output end of the film folding translation driving module, and the film folding translation driving module can drive the film folding device to pass through the primer sticking device from the feeding and transferring device to reach the transferring device;
the film folding device comprises a film folding frame, a battery cell carrying platform lifting mechanism, opposite clamping mechanisms distributed on two opposite sides of the battery cell carrying platform, a film folding mechanism and a film rolling mechanism; the film folding rack is fixed at the output end of the film folding translation driving module; the battery cell carrying platform lifting mechanism is fixed on the film folding frame, the battery cell carrying platform is fixed on the battery cell carrying platform lifting mechanism, and the battery cell carrying platform lifting mechanism can drive the battery cell carrying platform to vertically lift in a preset range on the film folding frame;
the clamping mechanism comprises a clamping driving piece and a clamp, the clamp is fixed at the output end of the clamping driving piece, and the clamping driving piece can drive the clamp to clamp the insulating films on the battery cell and the two large surfaces of the battery cell;
The film folding mechanism comprises a film folding driving piece and a film folding knife, the film folding knife is fixed at the output end of the film folding driving piece, and the film folding driving piece can drive the film folding knife to push down an insulating film extending out of the bottom surface of the battery cell on one large surface of the battery cell to the bottom surface of the battery cell;
the film rolling mechanism comprises a film rolling driving piece and a film rolling pressing roller, the film rolling pressing roller is fixed at the output end of the film rolling driving piece, and the film rolling driving piece can drive the film rolling pressing roller to press an insulating film extending out of the bottom surface of the battery cell on the other large surface of the battery cell to the bottom surface of the battery cell.
3. The cell core-in-package machine according to claim 1, wherein the primer preparing device comprises a primer preparing bracket, a primer mounting shaft for placing a primer, a primer guide roller set, a primer tensioning mechanism, a primer pressing mechanism, a primer gluing mechanism, a primer cutting mechanism and a primer pulling mechanism;
the base adhesive tape mounting shaft is fixed on the base adhesive tape preparation bracket and used for mounting a base adhesive tape roll;
the base adhesive tape guide roller sets are distributed on the outer side edge of the base adhesive tape installation shaft, and a plurality of guide rollers of the base adhesive tape guide roller sets are installed on the base adhesive preparation support in a rotating mode;
The bottom adhesive tape tensioning mechanism is fixed on the bottom adhesive tape preparation bracket, and can stretch and draw the adhesive tape between two bottom adhesive tape guide rollers in the bottom adhesive tape guide roller set for tensioning the bottom adhesive tape;
the bottom adhesive tape pressing mechanism comprises a bottom adhesive tape pressing driving piece, a bottom adhesive tape pressing block and a bearing shaft, wherein the bottom adhesive tape pressing block is fixed at the output end of the bottom adhesive tape pressing driving piece, the bottom adhesive tape pressing driving piece can drive the bottom adhesive tape pressing block to lift, and when the bottom adhesive tape pressing block descends to the lowest position, the bottom adhesive tape pressing block presses the bottom adhesive tape for cutting off the adhesive tape;
the base adhesive tape gluing mechanism is used for adhering the base adhesive tape;
the base adhesive tape cutting mechanism is positioned between the base adhesive tape pressing mechanism and the base adhesive tape gluing mechanism and used for cutting off the base adhesive tape;
the bottom adhesive tape pulling mechanism is used for clamping the head of the bottom adhesive tape and pulling the bottom adhesive tape out of the position of the bottom adhesive tape pressing mechanism to the bottom adhesive tape gluing mechanism.
4. The battery cell combination and packaging machine according to claim 1, wherein the primer pasting device comprises a primer pasting support, a primer pasting manipulator translation module, a primer pasting manipulator lifting module and a primer pasting manipulator, wherein the primer pasting manipulator translation module is horizontally fixed at the top of the primer pasting support, and the primer pasting manipulator lifting module is vertically fixed at the output end of the primer pasting manipulator translation module;
The primer pasting manipulator comprises a manipulator mounting frame, a manipulator rotary driving piece, a rotary bracket and a sucker assembly;
the manipulator mounting frame is fixed at the output end of the primer-sticking manipulator lifting module; the manipulator rotary driving piece is fixed on the manipulator mounting frame, and the rotary support is fixed at the output end of the manipulator rotary driving piece; the sucker assembly is fixed on the rotary bracket;
the sucker assembly comprises a base adhesive tape strip holding piece, a holding piece lifting driving piece, two base adhesive tape strip pressing rollers and two base adhesive tape strip pressing roller supports, wherein the holding piece lifting driving piece and the base adhesive tape strip pressing roller supports are fixed at the bottom of the rotary support, the base adhesive tape strip holding piece is fixed at the output end of the holding piece lifting driving piece, and the holding piece lifting driving piece can drive the base adhesive tape strip holding piece to lift; the two base adhesive tape strip pressing rollers are respectively rotatably arranged on two opposite side edges of the bottoms of the two base adhesive tape strip pressing roller brackets, which are close to the base adhesive tape strip holding pieces;
the bottom of the base tape strip holder is provided with a first sucking disc for sucking the base tape strip; two bottom parts of the two base adhesive tape strip compression roller brackets are respectively provided with a second sucking disc for sucking the base adhesive tape strips.
5. The battery core combining and packaging machine according to claim 1, wherein the transfer device comprises a transfer device support, a transfer translation driving module, a transfer translation sliding frame, a transfer lifting driving piece and a first battery core manipulator, the transfer translation driving module is fixed on the transfer device support, the transfer translation sliding frame is fixed at an output end of the transfer translation driving module, the transfer lifting driving piece is fixed on the transfer translation sliding frame, the first battery core manipulator is fixed at an output end of the transfer lifting driving piece, the transfer lifting driving piece can drive the first battery core manipulator to lift so as to take out the discharge core, and the transfer translation driving module can drive the transfer translation sliding frame to move with the transfer lifting driving piece and the first battery core manipulator so as to convey the battery core from the folding film and the transfer device to the turnover and transfer device.
6. The die-core and packaging machine of claim 1, wherein the turnover and transfer device is positioned partially below the adhesive-on-side device and comprises a turnover mechanism and a turnover mechanism translation module, wherein the turnover mechanism comprises a turnover carriage, a turnover driving piece, a turnover transmission system, a turnover shaft and the adhesive-on-side clamp;
The turnover sliding frame is fixed at the output end of the turnover mechanism translation module, the turnover driving piece is fixed on the turnover sliding frame, the turnover shaft is in transmission connection with the output end of the turnover driving piece through the turnover driving system, the side adhesive clamp is fixed on the turnover shaft, the turnover driving piece can drive the side adhesive clamp to turn over from a large electric core to a horizontal electric core, and the turnover mechanism translation module can drive the turnover mechanism to take the side adhesive clamp to receive the electric core from the transfer device and then turn over and transfer the electric core to the side adhesive at the side adhesive device;
the side glue clamp comprises a side glue clamp bottom plate, a side glue clamp driving piece, a side glue clamp carrier plate and two side glue clamp clamps; the side glue clamp bottom plate is fixedly connected with the turnover shaft, the side glue clamp driving piece and the side glue clamp carrier plate are fixed on the side glue clamp bottom plate, the two side glue clamp clamps are fixed at the output end of the side glue clamp driving piece, and the side glue clamp driving piece can drive the two side glue clamp clamps to be close to the side glue clamp carrier plate, so that the battery cell is clamped.
7. The battery cell assembling and packaging machine according to claim 1, wherein the adhesive-attaching device comprises an adhesive-attaching support and an adhesive-attaching hand, wherein the adhesive-attaching hand is fixed at the top of the adhesive-attaching support and used for supporting the bottom surface of the battery cell for adhesive attachment.
8. The battery core combining and packaging machine according to claim 1, wherein the side glue attaching device comprises a side glue attaching driving mechanism and two side glue attaching mechanisms which are symmetrically arranged in a mirror direction, the side glue attaching driving mechanism comprises a side glue attaching frame, two side glue attaching translation modules and two side glue attaching lifting modules, the two side glue attaching translation modules are respectively and horizontally fixed on two ends of a cross beam of the side glue attaching frame, and the two side glue attaching lifting modules are respectively and vertically fixed at output ends of the two side glue attaching translation modules;
each side adhesive attaching mechanism comprises a side adhesive tape sliding frame, a side adhesive tape roll supporting component, a side adhesive tape supporting roller set, a side adhesive tape tensioning component, a side adhesive tape clamping component, a side adhesive tape suction plate, a side adhesive tape attaching roller set, a side adhesive tape cutter and a side adhesive tape cutting driving piece; the side adhesive tape sliding frame is fixed at the output end of the side adhesive tape lifting module, and the side adhesive tape roll supporting component is fixed on the side adhesive tape sliding frame and used for placing a side adhesive tape roll; the side adhesive tape supporting roller set comprises a plurality of side adhesive tape supporting rollers which are arranged on the side adhesive tape pasting sliding frame and used for winding side adhesive tapes, one tensioning roller fixed at the power output end of the side adhesive tape tensioning assembly is used for lifting the side adhesive tapes between the two side adhesive tape supporting rollers in the side adhesive tape supporting roller set, and the side adhesive tape tensioning assembly can drive the tensioning rollers to lift;
The side adhesive tape clamping assembly, the side adhesive tape suction plate, the side adhesive tape sticking roller set and the side adhesive tape cutting driving piece are all arranged on the side adhesive tape sliding frame; the side adhesive tape cutter is fixed at the output end of the side adhesive tape cutting driving piece; the adhesive side rubber roller group comprises an upper adhesive side rubber roller and a lower adhesive side rubber roller which are arranged in an up-down opposite mode.
9. The die bonding and packaging machine of claim 1, wherein said paste transfer and package handling device is configured to handle a paste-applied die from said paste clamp of said flipping and transfer device to said package clamp of said package transfer device;
the side glue transfer glue coating and conveying device comprises a conveying translation module, two conveying lifting modules with variable intervals, a joint hand variable-pitch driving piece and two second electric core manipulators, wherein the two conveying lifting modules are respectively and horizontally fixed at the output ends of the two conveying translation modules, the two second electric core manipulators are respectively and vertically fixed at the output ends of the two conveying lifting modules, the joint hand variable-pitch driving piece is fixed between the two conveying lifting modules, the joint hand variable-pitch driving piece can drive the two conveying lifting modules to change the distance of the conveying translation module, and the conveying translation module can drive the two conveying lifting modules together with the joint hand variable-pitch driving piece and the two second electric core manipulators to convey two electric cores to the glue coating and conveying device from the overturning and conveying device at the same time for glue coating.
10. The die-closing and packaging machine of claim 1, wherein the encapsulation transfer device comprises an encapsulation transfer drive, an encapsulation transfer drive train, an encapsulation transfer slide set, and the encapsulation clamp; the input end of the rubber coating transfer drive system is in transmission connection with the output end of the rubber coating transfer drive piece, the rubber coating transfer slide plate is fixed on the output end of the rubber coating transfer drive system and the slide block of the rubber coating transfer slide group, and the rubber coating clamp is fixed on the rubber coating transfer slide plate; the rubber coating transfer driving piece can drive the rubber coating transfer sliding plate to move along the sliding rail of the rubber coating transfer sliding group by the rubber coating transfer driving system;
the encapsulation fixture comprises an encapsulation fixture bracket, an encapsulation fixture movable clamp sliding frame, an encapsulation fixture movable clamp translation driving piece, an encapsulation fixture movable clamp sliding group, an encapsulation fixture fixed clamp, an encapsulation fixture movable pressing plate lifting driving piece, an encapsulation fixture movable pressing plate lifting sliding group and an encapsulation fixture electric core carrier plate;
the encapsulation clamp bracket is fixed on the encapsulation transfer sliding plate, and the encapsulation clamp cell carrier plate is fixed on the encapsulation clamp bracket;
The three rubber coating clamp fixing clamps are respectively fixed on the rubber coating clamp cell carrier plate and are used for abutting against two side surfaces and the bottom surface of a cell, the rubber coating clamp movable clamp translation driving piece is fixed under the rubber coating clamp support, the sliding rail of the rubber coating clamp movable clamp sliding group is fixed on the rubber coating clamp support, the rubber coating clamp movable clamp sliding frame is fixed on the output end of the rubber coating clamp movable clamp translation driving piece and the sliding block of the rubber coating clamp movable clamp sliding group, the rubber coating clamp movable clamp is fixed on the rubber coating clamp movable clamp sliding frame, and the rubber coating clamp movable clamp translation driving piece can drive the rubber coating clamp movable clamp to clamp the cell close to the top surface of the cell;
the output end of the movable pressing plate lifting driving piece of the rubber coating clamp and the sliding rail of the movable pressing plate lifting sliding group of the rubber coating clamp are fixed on the sliding frame of the movable clamp of the rubber coating clamp, the movable pressing plate of the rubber coating clamp is fixed under the movable pressing plate lifting driving piece of the rubber coating clamp and on the sliding block of the movable pressing plate lifting sliding group of the rubber coating clamp, and the movable pressing plate lifting driving piece of the rubber coating clamp can drive the movable pressing plate of the rubber coating clamp to lower the upper large surface of the battery cell.
11. The cell core and packaging machine of claim 1, wherein the encapsulation device comprises an encapsulation advancing and retreating mechanism, a left roller assembly, a right roller assembly, an upper roller assembly and a lower roller assembly;
the rubber coating advancing and retreating mechanism comprises an advancing and retreating sliding frame and an advancing and retreating sliding frame translation driving piece; the driving and reversing sliding frame is fixed at the output end of the driving and reversing sliding frame translation driving piece, and the driving and reversing sliding frame translation driving piece can drive the driving and reversing sliding frame to reciprocate and advance and retreat; the left roller assembly, the right roller assembly, the upper roller assembly and the lower roller assembly are all arranged on the advancing and retreating carriage and are respectively distributed at the left side, the right side, the upper end and the lower end of the advancing and retreating carriage;
the left roller assembly comprises a left roller, a left roller bracket and a left roller bracket translation driving piece, the left roller is rotatably arranged on the left roller bracket, and the left roller bracket is fixed at the output end of the left roller bracket translation driving piece; the left roller bracket translation driving piece is fixed on the advancing and retreating carriage, and can drive the left roller to push down and roll the side adhesive tape strip extending out of the bottom surface on the left side surface of the battery cell, so that the side adhesive tape strip is adhered to the insulating film on the bottom surface of the battery cell;
The right roller assembly comprises a right roller, a right roller support and a right roller support translation driving piece, the right roller is rotatably arranged on the right roller support, and the right roller support is fixed at the output end of the right roller support translation driving piece; the right roller bracket translation driving piece is fixed on the advancing and retreating carriage, and can drive the right roller to push down and roll the side adhesive tape strip extending out of the bottom surface on the right side surface of the battery cell, so that the side adhesive tape strip is adhered to the insulating film on the bottom surface of the battery cell;
the upper roller assembly comprises an upper roller, an upper roller support and an upper roller support lifting driving piece, the upper roller is rotatably arranged on the upper roller support, and the upper roller support is fixed at the output end of the upper roller support lifting driving piece; the upper roller support translation driving piece is fixed on the advancing and retreating sliding frame, and the upper roller support lifting driving piece can drive the upper roller to push down and roll the side adhesive tape strips extending out of the bottom surface on the large surface of the battery cell, so that the side adhesive tape strips are adhered to the insulating film on the bottom surface of the battery cell;
the lower roller assembly comprises a lower roller, a lower roller support and a lower roller support lifting driving piece, the lower roller is rotatably arranged on the lower roller support, and the lower roller support is fixed at the output end of the lower roller support lifting driving piece; the lower roller support translation driving piece is fixed on the advancing and retreating sliding frame, and the lower roller support lifting driving piece can drive the lower roller to push down and roll the side adhesive tape strips extending out of the bottom surface on the large lower surface of the battery cell, so that the side adhesive tape strips are adhered to the insulating film on the bottom surface of the battery cell.
12. The battery cell packaging machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the encapsulation appearance detection device comprises a left sense, a middle sense and a right sense, the left sense, the middle sense and the right sense are respectively fixed under a beam of a bracket of the adhesive tape transfer device in a left-right delta shape, the encapsulation transfer device moves the encapsulated battery cell below the encapsulation appearance detection device, the left sense, the middle sense and the right sense are all large on the positive battery cell, the left sense is used for scanning and photographing a left side adhesive, the middle sense is used for photographing a bottom adhesive, the right sense is used for photographing a right side adhesive, whether the size and the shape of the adhesive tape are qualified is judged, and information is fed back to the encapsulation transfer insulation resistance detection and blanking transfer device for transferring the battery cell.
13. The die-closing and packaging machine of claim 1, wherein the insulation resistance detection device comprises a resistance measurement bracket, a resistance measurement translation mechanism, a resistance measurement carriage, a resistance measurement carrier plate, a resistance measurement clamping mechanism, a resistance measurement pressure plate lifting driving mechanism, a resistance measurement pressure plate, a resistance measurement probe and a resistance measurement instrument;
The resistance measurement translation mechanism is fixed at the lower part of the resistance measurement bracket, the resistance measurement sliding frame is fixed at the output end of the resistance measurement translation mechanism, the resistance measurement carrier plate and the resistance measurement clamping mechanism are fixed on the resistance measurement sliding frame, the resistance measurement pressing plate lifting driving mechanism is fixed at the upper part of the resistance measurement bracket, the resistance measurement pressing plate and the resistance measurement probe are fixed at the output end of the resistance measurement pressing plate lifting driving mechanism, and the resistance measurement instrument is fixed on the top of the resistance measurement bracket.
CN202310165684.XA 2023-02-18 2023-02-18 Battery core combining and packaging machine Active CN116230974B (en)

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