CN114308292A - Fruit and vegetable garbage disposer - Google Patents

Fruit and vegetable garbage disposer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114308292A
CN114308292A CN202111512799.9A CN202111512799A CN114308292A CN 114308292 A CN114308292 A CN 114308292A CN 202111512799 A CN202111512799 A CN 202111512799A CN 114308292 A CN114308292 A CN 114308292A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
treatment tank
extrusion
plate
fruit
processing jar
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Granted
Application number
CN202111512799.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114308292B (en
Inventor
刘敏芝
张晓芳
刘敏滢
谢鹏
张燕妮
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Shenzhen Eagle Cleaning Service Co ltd
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Shenzhen Eagle Cleaning Service Co ltd
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Priority to CN202111512799.9A priority Critical patent/CN114308292B/en
Publication of CN114308292A publication Critical patent/CN114308292A/en
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Publication of CN114308292B publication Critical patent/CN114308292B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The application discloses fruit vegetables refuse treatment machine, belong to refuse treatment machine's field, it includes the support column, fixed connection is in the processing jar on the support column and set up in the drying device of processing jar one side, install the crushing unit who is used for smashing fruit vegetables rubbish in the processing jar, it is provided with the filter to slide on the inside wall of processing jar, be provided with the drive assembly who is used for driving the filter along vertical direction reciprocating motion on the processing jar, drive assembly sets up the movable block on the processing jar lateral wall including sliding, fixedly connected with is used for pegging graft complex connecting plate with the filter on the movable block, waist type hole has been seted up on the processing jar, the connecting plate passes waist type hole and slides the cooperation with the inside wall in waist type hole, set up on the processing jar lateral wall and be used for sliding the complex change mouth with the filter, it has the closure plate that is used for opening and close the change mouth to articulate on the processing jar. This application has the effect of guaranteeing the efficiency that fruit vegetables refuse treatment machine handled rubbish.

Description

Fruit and vegetable garbage disposer
Technical Field
The application relates to the field of garbage disposers, in particular to a fruit and vegetable garbage disposer.
Background
At present, the fruit and vegetable garbage in municipal domestic garbage in China occupies a great proportion, in order to ensure good environmental sanitation, a strict treatment mode is required for the discharge treatment of the fruit and vegetable garbage, and at present, a fruit and vegetable garbage treatment machine is selected to treat the fruit and vegetable garbage in part of areas, so that the fruit and vegetable garbage is decomposed, and the resource recovery rate is improved.
In the related art, the Chinese utility model with the publication number CN208494548U discloses a fruit and vegetable garbage disposer, which comprises a screening device, a mounting frame and a crushing and drying device, wherein a garbage feeding hopper is arranged on one side of the upper end of the mounting frame, a spiral lifting device is arranged on one side of the garbage feeding hopper, a rotating motor is arranged at one end of the spiral lifting device, a switching pipeline is arranged at the lower end of the rotating motor, the screening device is arranged at the lower end of the switching pipeline, a screen is arranged on one side inside the screening device, a connecting rod is arranged at the lower end of the screen, a sliding motor is arranged on one side of the connecting rod, a sliding rail is arranged on one side of the sliding motor, a waste discharging port is arranged at the bottom of the screening device, a motor is arranged on one side of the screening device, a second rotating shaft is arranged on one side of the motor, a first rotating shaft is arranged on one side of the second rotating shaft, a plurality of crushing blades are arranged on the surfaces of the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft, the lower ends of the crushing blades are provided with filter screens, the lower end of the filter screen is provided with a waste liquid outlet, the outer side of the waste liquid outlet is provided with a crushing and drying device, one side of the crushing and drying device is provided with an air outlet, the lower end of the air outlet is provided with a discharge hole, the other side of the crushing and drying device is provided with a heating device, and one side of the heating device is provided with a blower.
To the above-mentioned correlation technique, the inventor thinks that when the filter screen in the crushing drying device uses for a long time, the kibbling fruit vegetables residue of blade through smashing is easily attached to the filter screen, finally causes the jam of filter screen, and then hinders filter screen normal work, reduces the efficiency of fruit vegetables refuse treatment easily.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to guarantee the efficiency that fruit vegetables refuse treatment machine handled rubbish, this application provides a fruit vegetables refuse treatment machine.
The application provides a fruit vegetables refuse treatment machine adopts following technical scheme:
a fruit and vegetable garbage disposer comprises a support pillar which is vertically arranged, a treatment tank which is fixedly connected with the support pillar and a drying device which is arranged on one side of the treatment tank, a crushing component for crushing fruit and vegetable garbage is arranged in the treatment tank, a filter plate is arranged on the inner side wall of the treatment tank in a sliding way, the treatment tank is provided with a driving component for driving the filter plate to reciprocate along the vertical direction, the driving component comprises a moving block which is arranged on the outer side wall of the treatment tank in a sliding way, a connecting plate which is used for being matched with the filter plate in an inserting way is fixedly connected on the moving block, the treatment tank is provided with a kidney-shaped hole, the connecting plate passes through the kidney-shaped hole and is matched with the inner side wall of the kidney-shaped hole in a sliding way, the outer side wall of the treatment tank is provided with a replacement port matched with the filter plate in a sliding manner, and the treatment tank is hinged with a closing plate used for opening and closing the replacement port.
By adopting the technical scheme, the drying device is favorable for accelerating the dehydration of fruit and vegetable garbage, an operator puts the fruit and vegetable garbage into the treatment tank, then the fruit and vegetable garbage is cut and crushed by the crushing assembly utilized by the operator, the operator starts the driving assembly, the moving block moves in a reciprocating manner along the treatment tank, the moving block moves to drive the connecting plate to move, the connecting plate moves to drive the filter plate to move, and the filter plate moves in a reciprocating manner in the vertical direction to be favorable for preventing the filter plate from being blocked by residues of the fruit and vegetable garbage; change mouthful being provided with do benefit to operating personnel and take out the filter and wash the change, the setting of closing plate then prevents that the fruit vegetables rubbish in the treatment tank from breaking away from the treatment tank, drive assembly and change mouthful being provided with do benefit to the normal work of guaranteeing the filter, and then guarantee the efficiency that fruit vegetables refuse treatment machine handled rubbish.
Preferably, the drive assembly still including rotate install in dwang, fixed cover on the processing jar are located fixed disk and fixed mounting on the dwang in spacing frame on the processing jar, the movable block wears to locate in the spacing frame and with spacing frame cooperation of sliding, the movable block is close to the tip of dwang articulates there is the hinge bar, the hinge bar other end with the outward flange of fixed disk is articulated, be provided with on the processing jar and be used for the drive the rotatory power component of dwang.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, operating personnel utilizes power component to make the dwang rotate, and the dwang rotates and makes the fixed disk rotate, and the fixed disk rotates and makes hinge bar one end rotatory, hinge bar other end reciprocating motion, and limiting frame's being provided with does benefit to the moving direction who restricts the movable block, so the hinge bar removes and makes the movable block follow regulation direction reciprocating motion, finally drives filter reciprocating motion in vertical direction.
Preferably, power component including install in the driving pulley, fixed cover on the actuating lever are located processing tank top's driving motor, horizontal rotation install in actuating lever, fixed cover on the processing tank are located driving pulley, fixed cover on the actuating lever are located first driven pulleys and hold-in range on the dwang, fixed cover is equipped with first bevel gear on the output shaft of driving motor, the actuating lever is close to driving motor's tip be provided with be used for with first bevel gear intermeshing's second bevel gear, the hold-in range around locating driving pulley with between the first driven pulleys.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, operating personnel starts motor power, motor power's output shaft rotates and drives first bevel gear and rotate, first bevel gear rotates and makes second bevel gear rotate, second bevel gear rotates and makes the actuating lever rotate, the actuating lever rotates the driving pulley who makes and rotates, driving pulley rotates and makes first driven pulley rotate through the cooperation of hold-in range, first driven pulley rotates and makes the dwang rotatory, the dwang rotates the rotation drive fixed disk and rotates, finally make the filter remove.
Preferably, crushing unit including install in handle jar upper surface planetary gear, set up in puddler and fixed mounting in handle jar interior crushing blade on the puddler, planetary gear include fixed mounting in handle ring gear on the jar, rotate install in gear center's sun gear and encircle a plurality of planet pinions that sun gear set up, be provided with on the processing jar and be used for the installation motor dynamic machine's motor support, the fixed cover of sun gear is located on dynamic machine's the output shaft, the fixed cover of planet pinion is located on the puddler, handle and offer on the jar be used for with the puddler complex circular port that slides.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when motor power made first bevel gear pivoted, motor power made sun gear rotate, and sun gear makes the planet pinion rotate with the cooperation of ring gear, and planet pinion drive puddler and crushing blade rotate, and the puddler rotation can utilize crushing blade to cut fruit vegetables rubbish in addition around sun gear center revolution, and then improves fruit vegetables refuse treatment machine's work efficiency.
Preferably, handle tank bottoms portion be provided with be used for with handle the extrusion case that the jar is linked together, it is provided with the stripper plate to slide in the extrusion case, extrusion case one side bottom intercommunication has the collecting box, rotate on the inside wall of extrusion case opposite side and install reciprocal lead screw, reciprocal lead screw wear to locate on the stripper plate and with stripper plate screw-thread fit, the extrusion case rotates on being close to the inside wall of collecting box tip and installs the installation door, be provided with in the extrusion case and be used for opening and close the control assembly of installation door, fixedly connected with be used for on the inside wall of extrusion case with the stripper plate complex drainage board that slides, just the intercommunication has the drain pipe on the lateral wall of extrusion case.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, in the fruit vegetables residue entering extrusion case of filter, the personnel of operation utilize reciprocal lead screw to make the stripper plate along water strainer plate reciprocating motion, and unnecessary moisture in the fruit vegetables residue is extruded to installation door cooperation stripper plate, and moisture passes through drain pipe discharge extrusion case, and operating personnel opens the installation door after that, and fruit vegetables rubbish residue gets into in the collecting box to make things convenient for the unified processing of operating personnel.
Preferably, reciprocal lead screw is kept away from the extrusion case is worn out to the tip of installation door, reciprocal lead screw extends to be provided with first belt pulley on the tip of extrusion case, rotate on the lateral wall of extrusion case and install the installation pole, fixed cover be equipped with on the installation pole be used for with hold-in range meshed second driven pulleys, just fixed cover is equipped with the second belt pulley on the installation pole, first belt pulley with around being equipped with the conveyer belt between the second belt pulley.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when the hold-in range rotated, hold-in range drive second driven pulley rotated, second driven pulley rotated and made the installation pole rotate, the installation pole rotates and makes the second belt pulley rotate, the second belt pulley rotates and makes first belt pulley rotate through the conveyer belt, finally make reciprocal lead screw rotate, second driven pulley, the installation pole, first belt pulley, the setting of second belt pulley and conveyer belt has fully utilized the power of motor power's output, and then be favorable to reducing the consumption of the energy.
Preferably, the control assembly is including wearing to locate locating lever, fixed cover in the installation door are located worm wheel on the locating lever and wear to locate the worm in the extrusion case, the worm with worm wheel intermeshing, the worm with the extrusion case rotates to be connected, be provided with in the extrusion case and be used for the drive the rotatory runner assembly of worm.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, operating personnel starts rotating assembly and makes the worm rotatory, and the worm rotates and makes the worm wheel rotate, and the worm wheel rotates and drives the locating lever and rotate, and the locating lever rotates and drives the installation door and rotate, and then the opening or the closure of control installation door.
Preferably, the rotating assembly comprises a threaded column, a threaded connection and a driving pipe, a return spring and a pushing block, the threaded connection is arranged on the worm, the driving pipe is fixedly connected onto the threaded column, the return spring is fixedly connected onto the driving pipe, the pushing block is fixedly connected onto the driving pipe, a sliding chute matched with the driving pipe in a sliding mode is formed in the extrusion box, the return spring is far away from the end portion of the driving pipe, the end portion of the driving pipe is fixedly connected onto the inner side wall of the sliding chute, the inner top surface of the extrusion plate is provided with a guide groove matched with the pushing block in a sliding mode, and the pushing block is abutted to the extrusion plate.
By adopting the technical scheme, the reciprocating screw rod enables the extrusion plate to reciprocate along the length direction of the multifilament bar, when the extrusion plate moves towards the direction of the installation door, the pushing plate and the installation door are matched to extrude fruit and vegetable garbage, moisture in the fruit and vegetable garbage is discharged through the water filtering plate and the water discharging pipe in sequence, the pushing plate enables the pushing block to move, the pushing block enables the threaded column to rotate through the driving pipe, the threaded column rotates to drive the worm to rotate, the worm rotates to enable the worm wheel to rotate, the worm wheel rotates to drive the positioning rod to rotate, the installation door is finally opened, the compressed fruit and vegetable garbage enters the collection box through the installation door and the communicating pipe, the unified treatment of an operator is further facilitated, and the reset spring is in a stretching state at the moment; when the extrusion plate moves towards the direction far away from the installation door, the driving pipe moves under the elastic force action of the reset spring, then the worm rotates reversely through the threaded column, the worm rotates reversely through the worm wheel so that the positioning rod rotates reversely, and finally the installation door is closed.
Preferably, the extrusion plate is fixedly connected with a baffle, the end part of the baffle, far away from the installation door, penetrates out of the extrusion box and is in sliding fit with the extrusion box, and the upper surface of the baffle is in sliding fit with the inner bottom surface of the extrusion box.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, being provided with of baffle does benefit to and guides between fruit vegetables rubbish residue gets into installation door and the stripper plate, and then higher stripper plate extruded efficiency.
In summary, the present application includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
the filter plate moves in a reciprocating manner in the vertical direction, so that the filter plate is prevented from being blocked by residues of fruit and vegetable garbage; the arrangement of the replacing port is beneficial to an operator to take out the filter plate for cleaning and replacing, the arrangement of the closing plate prevents fruit and vegetable garbage in the treatment tank from separating from the treatment tank, and the arrangement of the driving assembly and the replacing port is beneficial to ensuring the normal work of the filter plate, thereby ensuring the garbage treatment efficiency of the fruit and vegetable garbage treatment machine;
the fruit and vegetable garbage can be cut and crushed by the crushing blade through the rotation of the stirring rod and the revolution around the center of the sun gear, so that the working efficiency of the fruit and vegetable garbage processor is improved;
when the stripper plate moves towards installation door direction, the slurcam extrudees fruit vegetables rubbish with the cooperation of installation door, moisture in the fruit vegetables rubbish passes through the water strainer plate in proper order, the drain pipe discharges, the stripper plate makes and promotes the piece and remove, it makes the screw thread post rotate through the driving tube to presume the piece, the screw thread post rotates and drives the worm and rotate, the worm rotates and makes the worm wheel rotate, the worm wheel rotates and drives the locating lever and rotate, finally make the installation door open, fruit vegetables rubbish after the compression is through the installation door, in communicating pipe gets into the collecting box, and then make things convenient for the unified processing of operating personnel.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a fruit and vegetable garbage disposer according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the treatment tank according to the embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view at a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a driving assembly according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the crush box according to the embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a control assembly according to an embodiment of the present application.
Description of reference numerals:
1. a support pillar; 11. mounting a plate; 12. a drying assembly; 121. a fan; 122. a heater; 123. an air duct; 2. a treatment tank; 21. a circular hole; 22. a feed pipe; 23. a motor bracket; 231. a support plate; 232. a fixing plate; 24. a filter plate; 25. replacing the port; 26. a closing plate; 261. an elastic ball; 27. a kidney-shaped hole; 3. a size reduction assembly; 31. a planetary gear; 311. a ring gear; 312. a sun gear; 313. a planet pinion gear; 32. a stirring rod; 33. a crushing blade; 4. a drive assembly; 41. rotating the rod; 42. fixing the disc; 43. a limiting frame; 44. a moving block; 441. a connecting plate; 442. a hinged lever; 5. a power assembly; 51. a power motor; 511. a first bevel gear; 52. a drive rod; 521. a second bevel gear; 53. a driving pulley; 54. a first driven pulley; 55. a synchronous belt; 6. extruding the box; 61. a feed inlet; 62. a water filter plate; 63. a drain pipe; 64. a pressing plate; 641. a baffle plate; 65. a collection box; 651. a communicating pipe; 66. a reciprocating screw rod; 661. a first pulley; 662. a conveyor belt; 67. mounting a rod; 671. a second driven pulley; 672. a second pulley; 68. installing a door; 69. a rotation chamber; 691. a chute; 692. a guide groove; 7. a control component; 71. positioning a rod; 72. a worm gear; 73. a worm; 8. a rotating assembly; 81. a threaded post; 82. a drive tube; 83. a return spring; 84. and (4) pushing the block.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-6.
The embodiment of the application discloses fruit vegetables refuse treatment machine. Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the fruit and vegetable garbage disposer includes a support column 1, a treatment tank 2, and a pulverizing assembly 3.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the support column 1 is vertically arranged, the bottom surface of the support column 1 is abutted to the ground, the treatment tank 2 is vertically arranged, and the outer side wall of the treatment tank 2 is fixedly connected with the support column 1. The treatment tank 2 is a hollow box body, and a circular hole 21 is formed in the upper surface of the treatment tank 2. The lateral wall slope of the upper end of treatment tank 2 is provided with inlet pipe 22, and inlet pipe 22 is linked together with treatment tank 2, and inlet pipe 22 sets up and makes things convenient for operating personnel to add fruit vegetables rubbish to treatment tank 2.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the bottom of treatment tank 2 is provided with drying assembly 12, drying assembly 12 includes fan 121, heater 122 and tuber pipe 123, fixedly connected with mounting panel 11 on the lateral surface of support column 1, fan 121 installs in the upper surface of mounting panel 11, tuber pipe 123 one end is linked together with heater 122, the tuber pipe 123 other end sets up in the bottom of treatment tank 2, tuber pipe 123 is linked together with treatment tank 2, drying assembly 12's setting is favorable to the quick dehydration of fruit vegetables rubbish.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the crushing assembly 3 comprises a planetary gear 31, a stirring rod 32 and a crushing blade 33, the planetary gear 31 comprises a gear ring 311, a sun gear 312 and a planetary pinion 313, the gear ring 311 is horizontally arranged, the bottom surface of the gear ring 311 is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the treatment tank 2, and the axis of the gear ring 311 is overlapped with the axis of the circular hole 21. The upper surface fixed connection of treatment tank 2 has motor support 23, and motor support 23 includes backup pad 231 and the fixed plate 232 that the interval set up, and fixed plate 232 level sets up, and the bottom surface of fixed plate 232 is connected with the upper surface fixed connection of backup pad 231. The treatment tank 2 is provided with a power assembly 5, the power assembly 5 comprises a power motor 51, the power motor 51 is mounted on the upper surface of the fixing plate 232, and an output shaft of the power motor 51 penetrates through the fixing plate 232 and is rotatably connected with the fixing plate 232.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the sun gear 312 is fitted on the output shaft of the power motor 51, the sun gear 312 is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the power motor 51, and the axis of the sun gear 312 coincides with the axis of the ring gear 311. The pinion 313 is provided with three, three pinion 313 are arranged evenly around the sun gear 312, and one side of the pinion 313 is meshed with the sun gear 312 and the other end of the pinion 313 is meshed with the ring gear 311. The number of the stirring rods 32 is three, the three stirring rods 32 correspond to the three planet pinions 313 one by one, the stirring rods 32 penetrate through the planet pinions 313, and the stirring rods 32 are fixedly connected with the planet pinions 313. The crushing blades 33 are provided in plural, the crushing blades 33 are provided at intervals along the longitudinal direction of the stirring rod 32, and the crushing blades 33 are fixedly connected to the stirring rod 32.
Referring to fig. 2 and 4, a filter plate 24 is arranged in the treatment tank 2, the outer side wall of the filter plate 24 is matched with the inner side wall of the treatment tank 2 in a sliding manner, a replacement port 25 is formed in the outer side wall of the treatment tank 2 provided with the feed pipe 22, and a closing plate 26 used for opening and closing a replacement groove is hinged to the treatment tank 2. Fixed connection has elastic ball 261 on the side that closing plate 26 is close to filter 24, elastic ball 261 and filter 24 butt, and elastic ball 261 is provided with to do benefit to and prevents that filter 24 accident from getting into in changing mouthful 25, and the setting up of changing mouthful 25 makes things convenient for operating personnel to take out filter 24 and washs.
Referring to fig. 1 and 4, the treatment tank 2 is provided with a driving assembly 4 for driving the filter plates 24 to move in a vertical direction, the driving assembly 4 includes a rotating rod 41, a fixed plate 42, a limiting frame 43, and a moving block 44, the rotating rod 41 is rotatably mounted on an outer side wall of the treatment tank 2, and a length direction of the rotating rod 41 is identical to a length direction of the fixed plate 232. The fixed disk 42 is provided at an end of the rotation lever 41 remote from the processing tank 2, and the fixed disk 42 is fixedly connected to the rotation lever 41. The limiting frame 43 is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the treatment tank 2, and the opening of the limiting frame 43 is vertically arranged. The moving block 44 is arranged in the limiting frame 43 in a penetrating manner, one side face of the moving block 44 is in sliding fit with the inner side wall of the limiting block, and the other side face of the moving block 44 is in sliding fit with the treatment tank 2. The end of the movable block 44 close to the fixed disk 42 is provided with a hinge rod 442, one end of the hinge rod 442 is hinged to the movable block 44, and the other end of the hinge rod 442 is hinged to the outer edge of the side of the fixed block away from the treatment tank 2. The moving block 44 is fixedly connected with a connecting plate 441 on the side surface close to the treatment tank 2, a waist-shaped hole 27 is formed in the inner side wall of the treatment tank 2, the length direction of the waist-shaped hole 27 is vertically arranged, the connecting plate 441 penetrates through the waist-shaped hole 27 and is in plug-in fit with the filter plate 24, and the connecting plate 441 is in sliding fit with the inner side wall of the waist-shaped hole 27.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the power assembly 5 further includes a driving rod 52, a driving pulley 53, a first driven pulley 54 and a timing belt 55, the driving rod 52 is horizontally disposed, a length direction of the driving rod 52 is identical to a length direction of the fixing plate 232, the driving rod 52 passes through the support plate 231 and is rotatably connected to the support plate 231, a second bevel gear 521 is fixedly sleeved on an end portion of the driving rod 52 close to the power motor 51, a first bevel gear 511 is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of the power motor 51, and the first bevel gear 511 and the second bevel gear 521 are engaged with each other. The driving pulley 53 is sleeved on the end of the driving rod 52 far away from the power motor 51, the driving pulley 53 is fixedly connected with the driving rod 52, the first driven pulley 54 is fixedly sleeved on the rotating rod 41, and the first driven pulley 54 is arranged between the treatment tank 2 and the fixed disk 42. As shown in fig. 2, the timing belt 55 is wound around the driving pulley 53 and the first driven pulley 54, and the timing belt 55 is engaged with the driving pulley 53 and the first driven pulley 54, respectively.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, when an operator starts the power motor 51, the output shaft of the power motor 51 rotates to drive the sun gear 312 to rotate, the sun gear 312 cooperates with the gear ring 311 to rotate the planet pinion 313, and the planet pinion 313 rotates to drive the stirring rod 32 and the crushing blade 33 to rotate, so as to cut and crush the fruit and vegetable garbage entering the treatment tank 2; the rotation of the output shaft of the power motor 51 on the other hand rotates the first bevel gear 511, the rotation of the first bevel gear 511 rotates the second bevel gear 521, the rotation of the second bevel gear 521 rotates the drive lever 52, the drive lever 52 rotates the drive pulley 53, the drive pulley 53 rotates the first driven pulley 54 through the cooperation of the timing belt 55, and the rotation of the first driven pulley 54 rotates the rotating lever 41. The rotating rod 41 rotates to enable the fixed disk 42 to rotate, the fixed disk 42 rotates to drive one end of the hinge rod 442 to rotate, the other end of the hinge rod 442 drives the moving block 44 to move in a reciprocating mode, and the limiting frame 43 enables the moving block 44 to move in the vertical direction. The moving block 44 moves to drive the connecting plate 441 to move, and the connecting plate 441 moves to enable the filter plate 24 to reciprocate in the vertical direction, so that residues of fruit and vegetable garbage are prevented from blocking holes of the filter plate 24.
Referring to fig. 2 and 5, the bottom of the treatment tank 2 is provided with an extrusion box 6, the extrusion box 6 is a hollow box body, the extrusion box 6 is horizontally arranged, the extrusion box 6 is fixedly connected with the support column 1, the upper surface of the extrusion box 6 is provided with a feed inlet 61, the cross section of the feed inlet 61 is rectangular, and the treatment tank 2 is communicated with the extrusion box 6 through the feed inlet 61. The water filtering plate 62 is horizontally arranged on the inner side wall of the extrusion box 6, and the outer side wall of the water filtering plate 62 is fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the extrusion box 6. The inner bottom surface of the extrusion box 6 is obliquely arranged, and a drain pipe 63 for draining moisture is arranged on the outer side wall of the bottom of the extrusion box 6. The squeezing box 6 is internally provided with a squeezing plate 64, the upper surface of the squeezing plate 64 is in sliding fit with the inner side wall of the squeezing box 6, and the bottom surface of the squeezing plate 64 is in sliding fit with the water filtering plate 62. The end part of the extrusion plate 64 close to the discharge hole is fixedly connected with a baffle 641, the upper surface of the baffle 641 is in sliding fit with the inner top surface of the extrusion box 6, and the baffle 641 penetrates through the extrusion box 6 and is in sliding fit with the extrusion box 6.
Referring to fig. 2 and 5, a collecting box 65 is disposed at the bottom of one side of the squeeze box 6, a communicating pipe 651 is disposed between the collecting box 65 and the squeeze box 6, one end of the communicating pipe 651 is communicated with the squeeze box 6, and the other end of the communicating pipe is communicated with the collecting box 65. A reciprocating screw rod 66 penetrates through the inner side wall of the other end of the extrusion box 6, the reciprocating screw rod 66 is rotatably connected with the extrusion box 6, the reciprocating screw rod 66 penetrates through the extrusion plate 64 and is in threaded fit with the extrusion plate 64, and a first belt pulley 661 is fixedly sleeved on the end part of the reciprocating screw rod 66 penetrating through the extrusion box 6.
Referring to fig. 2 and 5, a mounting rod 67 is rotatably mounted on the outer side wall of the extrusion box 6, a second driven pulley 671 is fixedly sleeved on the mounting rod 67, the timing belt 55 is wound on the second driven pulley 671, and the timing belt 55 is meshed with the second driven pulley 671. The fixed cover is equipped with second belt pulley 672 on the installation pole 67, and first belt pulley 661 and second belt pulley 672 are around being equipped with conveyer belt 662 between straight. When an operator uses the power motor 51 to rotate the synchronous belt 55, the synchronous belt 55 enables the second driven pulley 671 to rotate, the second driven pulley 671 rotates to enable the installation rod 67 to rotate, the installation rod 67 rotates to enable the second pulley 672 to rotate, the second pulley 672 enables the first pulley 661 to rotate through the matching of the conveying belt 662, the first pulley 661 drives the reciprocating screw rod 66 to rotate, and finally the extrusion plate 64 moves along the length direction of the extrusion box 6.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, an installation door 68 is rotatably installed on the inner side wall of the extrusion box 6, the installation door 68 is disposed on the side surface of the extrusion plate 64 away from the baffle 641, a control assembly 7 for opening and closing the installation door 68 is disposed in the extrusion box 6, the control assembly 7 includes a positioning rod 71, a worm wheel 72 and a worm 73, the positioning rod 71 is disposed in the installation door 68 in a penetrating manner, the positioning rod 71 is fixedly connected with the installation door 68, and two ends of the positioning rod 71 are respectively rotatably connected with the inner side wall of the extrusion box 6. The worm wheel 72 is sleeved on the end part of the positioning rod 71 close to the inner side wall of the extrusion box 6, and the worm wheel 72 is fixedly connected with the positioning rod 71. The inner top wall of the extrusion box 6 is provided with a rotating cavity 69, and the cross section of the rotating cavity 69 is rectangular. A worm wheel 72 is rotatably mounted on an inner side wall of the rotation chamber 69, and a worm 73 is engaged with the worm wheel 72.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, a rotating assembly 8 for driving the worm 73 to rotate is arranged in the extrusion box 6, the rotating assembly 8 comprises a threaded column 81, a driving pipe 82, a return spring 83 and a pushing block 84, the length direction of the threaded column 81 is consistent with the length direction of the worm 73, and the end of the threaded column 81 far away from the first belt pulley 661 is fixedly connected with the worm 73. The driving tube 82 is sleeved on the threaded column 81, and the driving tube 82 is in screw transmission fit with the threaded column 81. The inner top wall of the extrusion box 6 is provided with a sliding groove 691 which is matched with the driving pipe 82 in a sliding way, and the sliding groove 691 is communicated with the rotating cavity 69. Reset spring 83 sets up in spout 691, and reset spring 83 one end and drive tube 82 fixed connection, the inside wall fixed connection of the reset spring 83 other end and spout 691. The pushing block 84 is disposed at an end portion of the driving pipe 82 far away from the installation door 68, and the pushing block 84 is fixedly connected with an outer side wall of the driving pipe 82, a guide groove 692 is formed on an inner side wall of the sliding groove 691, the end portion of the pushing block 84 penetrating through the guide groove 692 abuts against the extrusion plate 64, and the pushing block 84 is in sliding fit with the inner side wall of the guide groove 692.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, an operator rotates the reciprocating screw rod 66 by using the power motor 51, the reciprocating screw rod 66 enables the squeezing plate 64 to reciprocate along the length direction of the reciprocating screw rod 66, when the squeezing plate 64 moves towards the installation door 68, the pushing plate and the installation door 68 cooperate to squeeze fruit and vegetable garbage, and moisture in the fruit and vegetable garbage is discharged through the water filtering plate 62 and the water discharging pipe 63 in sequence. The extrusion plate 64 enables the pushing block 84 to move, the pushing block 84 enables the threaded column 81 to rotate through the driving pipe 82, the threaded column 81 rotates to drive the worm 73 to rotate, the worm 73 rotates to enable the worm wheel 72 to rotate, the worm wheel 72 rotates to drive the positioning rod 71 to rotate, finally the mounting door 68 is opened, the compressed fruit and vegetable garbage enters the collecting box 65 through the mounting door 68 and the communicating pipe 651, the unified processing of operators is facilitated, and the reset spring 83 is in a stretching state at the moment. When the pressing plate 64 moves away from the installation door 68, the driving pipe 82 moves under the elastic force of the return spring 83, the worm 73 is reversely rotated through the threaded post 81, the positioning rod 71 is reversely rotated through the worm wheel 72 by the worm 73, and finally the installation door 68 is closed.
The implementation principle of the fruit and vegetable garbage disposer in the embodiment of the application is as follows: the drying component 12 is favorable for accelerating dehydration of fruit and vegetable garbage, an operator puts the fruit and vegetable garbage into the treatment tank 2, then the fruit and vegetable garbage is cut and crushed by the crushing component 3 utilized by the operator, the operator starts the driving component 4, the moving block 44 moves in a reciprocating manner along the treatment tank 2, the moving block 44 moves to drive the connecting plate 441 to move, the connecting plate 441 moves to drive the filter plate 24 to move, and the filter plate 24 moves in a reciprocating manner in the vertical direction, so that the filter plate 24 is favorable for preventing the filter plate 24 from being blocked by residues of the fruit and vegetable garbage; change being provided with of mouthful 25 and do benefit to operating personnel and take out filter 24 and wash the change, the setting of closing plate 26 then prevents that the fruit vegetables rubbish in the treatment tank 2 from breaking away from treatment tank 2, and drive assembly 4 and change being provided with of mouthful 25 do benefit to the normal work of guaranteeing filter 24, and then guarantee the efficiency of fruit vegetables refuse treatment machine refuse disposal.
The above embodiments are preferred embodiments of the present application, and the protection scope of the present application is not limited by the above embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the present application shall be covered by the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a fruit vegetables refuse treatment machine, including support column (1), the fixed connection of vertical setting in processing jar (2) on support column (1) and set up in the drying device of processing jar (2) one side, install crushing unit (3) that are used for smashing fruit vegetables rubbish in processing jar (2), its characterized in that: a filter plate (24) is arranged on the inner side wall of the treatment tank (2) in a sliding manner, a driving component (4) for driving the filter plate (24) to reciprocate along the vertical direction is arranged on the treatment tank (2), the driving component (4) comprises a moving block (44) which is arranged on the outer side wall of the treatment tank (2) in a sliding way, a connecting plate (441) which is used for being matched with the filter plate (24) in an inserting way is fixedly connected to the moving block (44), a kidney-shaped hole (27) is arranged on the treatment tank (2), the connecting plate (441) passes through the kidney-shaped hole (27) and is matched with the inner side wall of the kidney-shaped hole (27) in a sliding way, the outer side wall of the treatment tank (2) is provided with a replacement port (25) which is matched with the filter plate (24) in a sliding way, the treatment tank (2) is hinged with a closing plate (26) for opening and closing the replacement opening (25).
2. The fruit and vegetable waste disposer of claim 1, wherein: drive assembly (4) still including rotate install in dwang (41), fixed cover on handling jar (2) are located fixed disk (42) and fixed mounting on dwang (41) in spacing frame (43) on handling jar (2), movable block (44) are worn to locate in spacing frame (43) and with spacing frame (43) sliding fit, movable block (44) are close to the tip of dwang (41) articulates there is hinge bar (442), hinge bar (442) other end with the outward flange of fixed disk (42) is articulated, be provided with on handling jar (2) and be used for the drive dwang (41) rotatory power component (5).
3. The fruit and vegetable waste disposer of claim 2, wherein: power component (5) including install in power motor (51), the horizontal rotation at processing jar (2) top install in actuating lever (52), fixed cover on processing jar (2) are located driving pulley (53), fixed cover on actuating lever (52) are located first driven pulleys (54) and hold-in range (55) on dwang (41), fixed cover is equipped with first bevel gear (511) on the output shaft of power motor (51), actuating lever (52) are close to the tip of power motor (51) be provided with be used for with first bevel gear (511) intermeshing's second bevel gear (521), hold-in range (55) are around locating driving pulley (53) with between first driven pulleys (54).
4. The fruit and vegetable waste disposer of claim 3, wherein: the crushing component (3) comprises a planetary gear (31) arranged on the upper surface of the treatment tank (2), a stirring rod (32) arranged in the treatment tank (2) and a crushing blade (33) fixedly arranged on the stirring rod (32), the planetary gear (31) comprises a gear ring (311) fixedly arranged on the treatment tank (2), a sun gear (312) rotatably arranged at the center of the gear ring, and a plurality of planetary pinion gears (313) arranged around the sun gear (312), the treatment tank (2) is provided with a motor bracket (23) for installing the power motor (51), the sun gear (312) is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of the power motor (51), the planet pinion (313) is fixedly sleeved on the stirring rod (32), and a circular hole (21) which is matched with the stirring rod (32) in a sliding way is formed in the treatment tank (2).
5. The fruit and vegetable waste disposer of claim 3, wherein: the bottom of the treatment tank (2) is provided with an extrusion box (6) communicated with the treatment tank (2), a squeezing plate (64) is arranged in the squeezing box (6) in a sliding way, the bottom of one side of the squeezing box (6) is communicated with a collecting box (65), a reciprocating screw rod (66) is rotatably arranged on the inner side wall of the other side of the extrusion box (6), the reciprocating screw rod (66) is arranged on the extrusion plate (64) in a penetrating way and is in threaded fit with the extrusion plate (64), a mounting door (68) is rotatably arranged on the inner side wall of the extrusion box (6) close to the end part of the collecting box (65), a control component (7) for opening and closing the installation door (68) is arranged in the extrusion box (6), a water filtering plate (62) which is in sliding fit with the extrusion plate (64) is fixedly connected on the inner side wall of the extrusion box (6), and the outer side wall of the extrusion box (6) is communicated with a drain pipe (63).
6. The fruit and vegetable waste disposer of claim 5, wherein: keep away from reciprocal lead screw (66) extrusion case (6) is worn out to the tip of installation door (68), reciprocal lead screw (66) are provided with first belt pulley (661) on the tip that extends extrusion case (6), install installation pole (67) on the lateral wall of extrusion case (6) the fixed cover on installation pole (67) be equipped with be used for with the second driven pulleys (671) of hold-in range (55) meshing, just the fixed cover is equipped with second belt pulley (672) on installation pole (67), first belt pulley (661) with around being equipped with conveyer belt (662) between second belt pulley (672).
7. The fruit and vegetable waste disposer of claim 5, wherein: control assembly (7) are including wearing to locate locating lever (71), fixed cover in installation door (68) are located worm wheel (72) on locating lever (71) and wear to locate worm (73) in extrusion case (6), worm (73) with worm wheel (72) intermeshing, worm (73) with extrusion case (6) rotate and connect, be provided with in extrusion case (6) and be used for the drive rotatory runner assembly (8) of worm (73).
8. The fruit and vegetable waste disposer of claim 7, wherein: the rotating assembly (8) comprises a threaded column (81) fixedly connected to the worm (73), a driving pipe (82) screwed to the threaded column (81), a return spring (83) fixedly connected to the driving pipe (82) and a pushing block (84) fixedly connected to the driving pipe (82), a sliding groove (691) matched with the driving pipe (82) in a sliding mode is formed in the squeezing box (6), the end portion, far away from the driving pipe (82), of the return spring (83) is fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the sliding groove (691), a guide groove (692) matched with the pushing block (84) in a sliding mode is formed in the inner top face of the squeezing plate (64), and the pushing block (84) is abutted to the squeezing plate (64).
9. The fruit and vegetable waste disposer of claim 5, wherein: fixedly connected with baffle (641) on stripper plate (64), the tip that installation door (68) were kept away from to baffle (641) is worn out extrusion case (6) and is slided the cooperation with extrusion case (6), the upper surface of baffle (641) with the interior bottom surface of extrusion case (6) is slided the cooperation.
CN202111512799.9A 2021-12-11 2021-12-11 Fruit and vegetable garbage disposer Active CN114308292B (en)

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CN116213048B (en) * 2023-05-10 2023-08-04 山东泓钦矿业科技有限公司 Ball mill feeding device for copper concentrate dressing

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