CN113789948A - Large-span house roof atrium side wall sliding rail hanging basket and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Large-span house roof atrium side wall sliding rail hanging basket and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113789948A
CN113789948A CN202111204488.6A CN202111204488A CN113789948A CN 113789948 A CN113789948 A CN 113789948A CN 202111204488 A CN202111204488 A CN 202111204488A CN 113789948 A CN113789948 A CN 113789948A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
basket
guide rail
hanging
guide
suspension
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Granted
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CN202111204488.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113789948B (en
Inventor
艾绍景
曹玉娥
赵浪浪
马祥
张利飞
冯星
曹保元
史海波
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SCEGC No 9 Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
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SCEGC No 9 Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
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Publication of CN113789948A publication Critical patent/CN113789948A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G3/30Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms suspended by flexible supporting elements, e.g. cables
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G3/30Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms suspended by flexible supporting elements, e.g. cables
    • E04G3/32Hoisting devices; Safety devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G3/30Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms suspended by flexible supporting elements, e.g. cables
    • E04G3/32Hoisting devices; Safety devices
    • E04G3/325Safety devices for stabilising the mobile platform, e.g. to avoid it swinging in the wind
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/001Safety or protective measures against falling down relating to scaffoldings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/007Devices and methods for erecting scaffolds, e.g. automatic scaffold erectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/02Scaffold feet, e.g. with arrangements for adjustment
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/04Means for fastening, supporting, or bracing scaffolds on or against building constructions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/14Railings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/14Railings
    • E04G5/142Railings extensible or telescopic
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/14Railings
    • E04G5/144Railings specific for the lateral, i.e. short side of a scaffold
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G5/00Component parts or accessories for scaffolds
    • E04G5/14Railings
    • E04G2005/148Railings latticed or netted

Abstract

The invention discloses a large-span house roof atrium side wall slide rail hanging basket and a construction method thereof, wherein the slide rail hanging basket comprises a guide rail, a suspension hanger, a sliding mechanism, a lifting rope and a suspension platform; the guide rail is an I-shaped steel beam and is arranged below the reinforced concrete top plate through a fastening installation part, the suspension hanging part is arranged on the lower side of the guide rail and is connected with the guide rail in a sliding way through a sliding mechanism, one end of a lifting rope is connected with a lifting hook, the other end of the lifting rope is connected with a suspension platform through a lifting motor, the suspension platform is a telescopic hanging basket and comprises a main basket body and an auxiliary basket body, the auxiliary basket body is symmetrically arranged on two sides of the main basket body through a telescopic adjusting mechanism, and damping mechanisms are arranged at the bottoms of the main basket body and the auxiliary basket body; utilize the slide rail hanging flower basket to construct during the use, effectually solved the large-span have room lid atrium side wall to decorate the difficult problem, it has construction convenience, swift, workman easily operates, trails the inspection at any time in the use, avoids the incident, saves engineering cost's characteristics.

Description

Large-span house roof atrium side wall sliding rail hanging basket and construction method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of construction technical equipment, in particular to a large-span hanging basket with a house roof atrium side wall slide rail and a construction method thereof.
Background
With the development of society and the maturity of building construction technology, structures such as super-high, super-limit and reinforced concrete are rapidly applied to various buildings; the reinforced concrete structure has the advantages of a steel structure and reinforced concrete, has high rigidity and bearing capacity and excellent shock resistance, can reduce the section area of the beam and save the cost compared with a reinforced concrete beam, and solves the problem in the construction of the reinforced concrete structure and is also a serious difficulty of the whole project; the super-high structure becomes a frequently appearing structure in the modern building industry, and in some public buildings with the super-high structure, the super-high structure is often accompanied with the construction of a roof atrium with super-high and large span, and the buildings have the characteristics of large height and span and high decoration difficulty;
therefore in the super high large-span has room lid zhongting side wall decoration and decoration engineering work progress, adopt to set up steel pipe fastener formula scaffold frame or aerial ladder car as the operation face of constructor operation usually, nevertheless select which scheme, at economic benefits and the convenient degree of construction is all not ideal, can bring very big potential safety hazard on the contrary, easily causes the time limit for a project to delay, if:
(1) if a steel pipe fastener type scaffold is erected, not only can steel pipe fastener lease cost and scaffold erection labor cost be generated, but also the up-and-down climbing safety of operating personnel cannot be guaranteed, a safety belt cannot be hung in a high position and used in a low position during top operation, materials used in the operation process are difficult to transfer up and down, and high falling risk exists;
(2) if the aerial ladder vehicle is rented for a long time, a large amount of renting cost is generated, large-area construction cannot be formed, the construction period is not influenced, a driver of the aerial ladder vehicle needs to be closely matched with high-altitude operating personnel, the contradiction between the two parties is easy to cause, and a large amount of coordination work is generated in the management process;
therefore, it is necessary to design a structure and a construction method thereof for facilitating decoration of the large-span roof atrium side wall device, so as to perform efficient decoration and decoration on the large-span roof atrium side wall.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the existing problems, the invention aims to provide a large-span sliding rail hanging basket for a atrium side wall with a roof and a construction method thereof.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a large-span hanging basket with a sliding rail for a atrium side wall of a roof comprises a guide rail, a suspension hanger, a sliding mechanism, a lifting rope and a suspension platform;
the guide rail is an I-shaped steel beam and is arranged below the reinforced concrete top plate through a fastening mounting part, and a first guide steel plate, a first rack and a second guide steel plate are arranged on the guide rail, wherein the first guide steel plate and the first rack are respectively arranged on two sides of the guide rail, and the second guide steel plate is symmetrically arranged;
the suspension hanging piece is arranged on the lower side of the guide rail and is connected with the guide rail in a sliding mode through a sliding mechanism, the suspension hanging piece is provided with the suspension hanging piece and a lifting hook, and the lifting hook is arranged on the lower side of the suspension hanging piece;
one end of the lifting rope is connected with the lifting hook, and the other end of the lifting rope is connected with the suspension platform through the lifting motor;
the suspension platform is a telescopic hanging basket and comprises a main basket body and auxiliary basket bodies, the auxiliary basket bodies are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the main basket body through telescopic adjusting mechanisms, and damping mechanisms are arranged at the bottoms of the main basket body and the auxiliary basket bodies.
Preferably, the sliding mechanism comprises a moving assembly and a distance control assembly, the moving assembly comprises a moving part and a driving part, the moving part is arranged on the suspension part and comprises a guide limiting block and a roller, a hollow prism is arranged on the inner side of a vertical plate on one side of the suspension part and penetrates through a prismatic guide hole arranged on the guide limiting block to be connected with the guide limiting block, and the guide limiting block is clamped in the guide grooves of the two second guide steel plates which are symmetrically arranged to slide; the idler wheel is arranged on the connecting vertical plate on the suspension piece and moves along the guide groove on the first guide steel plate.
Preferably, the driving part is arranged on the moving part of any one of the suspension members and comprises a second control motor, a second gear shaft and a first bearing, the second control motor is arranged on an outer fixing plate of the suspension member, a driving end of the second control motor is connected with the transmission shaft through a coupler, the transmission shaft is arranged on the inner side of the first bearing, the other end of the transmission shaft is connected with the second gear shaft, the second gear shaft is meshed with the first rack, the first bearing is arranged on the inner side of the hollow prism, the second control motor is connected with the controller through a lead, and the controller controls the two suspension members to move.
Preferably, distance control unit be used for controlling two relative distance that suspend in midair between the piece, including second guide rail, first control motor and first tooth axle, the L shape structure of second guide rail for being provided with the internal tooth, its stiff end suspend in midair the piece through setting up on one side connecting plate on the piece with suspend in midair the piece and be connected, the spacing hole on the limiting plate that the free end passed the setting on the piece is suspended in midair to the opposite side, and with first tooth axle intermeshing, first tooth axle sets up the drive end at first control motor, suspends the relative distance between the piece in midair through two control motor control, first control motor is fixed to be set up on suspending the roof of piece one side in midair.
Preferably, the lifting hook pass through connecting block and second bearing setting and locate at the downside center of hanging in midair, and be provided with the arc latch fitting at the opening part of lifting hook, the arc latch fitting uses with the flexible groove cooperation of the first arc of setting on the lifting hook and the flexible groove of second arc, the flexible inslot of second arc still is provided with the first reset spring that is used for the arc latch fitting to reset, still be provided with the adjusting key on the arc latch fitting, the adjusting key uses with the adjusting groove cooperation that sets up in the flexible groove outside of second arc.
Preferably, the main basket body comprises a main basket top basket rod, a side fence frame, a main basket bottom basket rod and a side fence net, wherein the side fence net is arranged on the upper side of the side fence frame, and the main basket top basket rod and the main basket bottom basket rod are symmetrically arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the side fence frame and the side fence net; the top basket rod of the main basket and the bottom basket rod of the main basket are both of hollow structures, a first cavity in the top basket rod of the main basket is matched with the top basket rod of the auxiliary basket arranged at the upper part of the auxiliary basket body for use, a second cavity in the bottom basket rod of the main basket is matched with the bottom basket rod of the auxiliary basket arranged at the lower part of the auxiliary basket body for use, and the telescopic adjusting mechanism is arranged in the second cavity; the auxiliary basket body further comprises an outer vertical frame and side rails, the outer vertical frame is arranged at the outer end of the auxiliary basket body and connected with the basket rod at the top of the auxiliary basket and the basket rod at the bottom of the auxiliary basket, and the side rails are telescopic basket rods and arranged between the outer vertical frame and the vertical rods of the main basket body.
Preferably, the telescopic adjusting mechanism comprises a third driving motor, an adjusting rod and a turbine, the third driving motor is installed on the outer side of the basket rod at the bottom of the main basket, the turbine is installed in the second cavity through a third bearing, the adjusting rod is installed at the driving end of the third driving motor and is matched with a middle worm of the adjusting rod, threaded rods are further arranged at two ends of the adjusting rod, and the threaded rods are matched with threaded grooves formed in the inner side of the basket rod at the bottom of the auxiliary basket.
Preferably, the damping mechanism comprises first leg cylinders, first leg rods and guide rods, the first leg cylinders are symmetrically arranged on the lower side of the basket rod at the bottom of the main basket, the upper end telescopic parts of the first leg rods are movably arranged in the first leg cylinders and are matched with third damping springs arranged in the first leg cylinders, leg circular plates are arranged at the lower ends of the first leg cylinders, the guide rods are arranged between the two first leg cylinders, sliding blocks are movably sleeved on the guide rods, second damping springs are arranged between the two sliding blocks symmetrically arranged, and the sliding blocks are connected with damping rings arranged on the first leg rods through hinge rods.
Preferably, the both ends of guide rail still be provided with buffer, buffer includes first buffering steel sheet, second buffering steel sheet, rubber buffer board and third buffer spring, first buffering steel sheet welds the tip of establishing at the guide rail, the activity of second buffering steel sheet sets up between two second direction steel sheets, and second buffering steel sheet passes through third buffer spring with first buffering steel sheet and is connected, the rubber buffer board sets up the outside at second buffering steel sheet.
The utility model provides a construction process of large-span has room lid atrium side wall slide rail hanging flower basket, will slide rail hanging flower basket is used for large-span has room lid atrium side wall to decorate, and its concrete process includes:
the method comprises the following steps: installing equipment, drawing a construction drawing and a BIM model animation according to construction requirements, measuring the length of a guide rail, preparing I-shaped steel, a rated load motor, a buffer steel plate, a rubber buffer plate, a bolt and a lifting hook;
step two: butt welding I-beams together on site, then performing reinforcement treatment on the I-beam open holes through screw connection to ensure that the load is met, welding a buffer device, then symmetrically opening holes at intervals at two wing distance end parts at the top of the I-beam, welding a guide steel plate and a rack, and finishing the manufacture of an I-beam guide rail;
step three: the guide rail pulleys are installed and reinforced, rated load motors are connected and fixed by bolts on two sides of the I-shaped steel guide rail, the distance is adjusted, smooth sliding is ensured, grooves cannot be removed, after the two groups of pulleys are installed, the lifting hooks are respectively fixed below the pulley block, and the guide rail electric pulleys are installed;
step four: installing a slide rail hanging basket, measuring and paying off at a position 800mm away from a wall body on the top of the large-span reinforced concrete roof according to the size of a manufactured guide rail, marking the positions of holes on the reinforced concrete roof according to the positions of the holes of bolts at two wings of the guide rail, drilling the holes by using water, and additionally forming a M20 hollow hole for fixing a hanging basket safety rope;
step five: testing, lifting the manufactured guide rail to the bottom of a roof beam by using an M6 steel wire rope through drilling, conveying operating personnel to the guide rail by using a scaling ladder vehicle, fixing the guide rail at the bottom of the roof beam by using a phi 16 bolt, then placing a hanging basket steel wire rope to the ground through a lifting hook, fixing a safety cotton rope on a main body structure through an M20 hollow hole, and completely installing the hanging basket after installing the hanging basket;
step six: and (3) dismantling the guide rail, wherein the construction content must be completely finished before the welded square steel is dismantled, the square steel slowly slides down from the top by using a steel wire rope in the dismantling process, and finally, the square steel is installed in a symmetrical place for circulation and utilization.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention discloses a large-span sliding rail hanging basket with a roof atrium side wall and a construction method thereof, and compared with the prior art, the invention has the improvement that:
(1) aiming at the problem of difficult decoration of the large-span atrium side wall with the roof, the invention designs the large-span atrium side wall slide rail hanging basket with the roof, the construction hanging basket is arranged below the reinforced concrete top plate through the guide rail in the using process, thereby effectively saving a large amount of measure expense for erecting the scaffold or leasing the scaling ladder, avoiding the damage to the finished product in the dismantling process of the scaffold, having convenient material taking, simple manufacturing and installing process, saving a large amount of lease or assembly and disassembly measure expense, not occupying the construction field, completing the whole atrium side wall decoration project by one-time turnover, having obvious advancement and novelty in the aspects of construction period, cost, quality, land saving and the like, having higher construction efficiency than other traditional large-span atrium side wall decoration and decoration construction methods, effectively improving the working efficiency and simultaneously saving the project expenditure, the construction method has the advantages that the construction is convenient and rapid, the operation is easy for workers, the tracking inspection is carried out at any time in the use process, the safety accidents are avoided, and the engineering cost is saved;
(2) meanwhile, the hanging platform is designed into the telescopic hanging basket, so that the relative distance between the main basket body and the auxiliary basket body can be controlled according to the size and the requirement of a construction working face when the hanging platform is used, the construction of workers is facilitated, the application range is wide, and the construction requirements of construction faces with different sizes and structures can be met.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a large-span hanging basket with sliding rails for atrium side walls of a roof.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the slide mechanism guide rail of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of a driving portion of the sliding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view of the moving part of the sliding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the suspension of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the guide limiting block of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the hook of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a suspended platform of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view of a schematic structure of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the telescopic adjustment mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of an adjusting lever according to the present invention.
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a buffer device according to the present invention.
FIG. 13 is a flow chart of a construction process in embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Wherein: 1. the suspension device comprises a guide rail, 11, a first guide steel plate, 12, a first rack, 13, a second guide steel plate, 14, a second guide rail, 15, a first buffer steel plate, 16, a first buffer steel plate, 17, a rubber buffer plate, 18, a third buffer spring, 2, a suspension hanger, 21, a suspension member, 211, a limiting plate, 212, a connecting plate, 22, a roller, 213, a limiting hole, 23, a connecting vertical plate, 24, a hollow prism, 25, a second bearing, 26, a connecting block, 27, a hook, 271, a first arc-shaped telescopic groove, 272, a second arc-shaped telescopic groove, 273, a first return spring, 274, an adjusting groove, 28, an arc-shaped locking member, 281, an arc-shaped locking member, 3, a sliding mechanism, 31, a second control motor, 32, a second gear shaft, 33, a coupler, 34, a transmission shaft, 35, a guide limiting block, 351, a guide hole, 36, a first diamond-shaped bearing, 37, 38 and a controller, 39. a first control motor, 30, a first gear shaft, 4, a fastening installation part, 5, a lifting rope, 6, a suspension platform, 61, a main basket body, 611, a main basket top basket rod, 6111, a first cavity, 612, a side rail frame, 613, a main basket bottom basket rod, 6131, a second cavity, 614, a side rail net,
62. the auxiliary basket body 621, the outer vertical frame 622, the auxiliary basket bottom basket rod 6221, the threaded groove 623, the side rail 624, the auxiliary basket top basket rod 63, the auxiliary basket frame 64, the damping mechanism 641, the first support leg barrel 642, the first support leg rod 643, the guide rod 643, the damping ring 644, the hinge rod 645, the sliding block 646, the adjusting rod 647, the third damping spring 648, the second damping spring 65, the third driving motor 66, the adjusting rod 661, the threaded rod 662, the worm, 67, the third bearing 68, the worm wheel, 7, the reinforced concrete top plate 8, and the lifting motor.
Detailed Description
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solution of the present invention, the following further describes the technical solution of the present invention with reference to the drawings and the embodiments.
Referring to the attached fig. 1-13, the large-span hanging basket with the side wall of the atrium of the house roof comprises a guide rail 1, a suspension hanger 2, a sliding mechanism 3, a lifting rope 5 and a suspension platform 6;
the guide rail 1 is an I-shaped steel beam, is arranged below the reinforced concrete top plate 7 through a fastening installation part 4, and is welded with a first guide steel plate 11, a first rack 12 and a second guide steel plate 13 on the guide rail 1, wherein the first guide steel plate 11 and the first rack 12 are respectively arranged at two sides of the guide rail 1, and the second guide steel plate 13 is symmetrically arranged;
the suspension hanger 2 is arranged on the lower side of the guide rail 1, is connected with the guide rail 1 in a sliding way through the sliding mechanism 3, and is provided with a suspension piece 21 and a lifting hook 27 on the suspension hanger 2, wherein the lifting hook 27 is arranged on the lower side of the suspension piece 21;
one end of the lifting rope 5 is connected with the lifting hook 27, the other end of the lifting rope is connected with the suspension platform 6 through the lifting motor 8, and when the lifting rope is used, the extension amount of the lifting rope 5 is controlled through the lifting motor 8, and the suspension heights of the suspension platform are sequentially controlled, so that wall surface construction at different heights is met;
the suspension platform 6 is a telescopic hanging basket and comprises a main basket body 61 and an auxiliary basket body 62, the auxiliary basket body 62 is symmetrically arranged on two sides of the main basket body 61 through a telescopic adjusting mechanism, and damping mechanisms 64 with a buffering and damping effect are arranged at the bottoms of the main basket body 61 and the auxiliary basket body 62.
Preferably, in order to facilitate the movement of the suspension members 21 and the adjustment of the relative distance between the two suspension members 21, the sliding mechanism 3 includes a moving assembly for moving the suspension members 21 and adjusting the positions of the suspension members 21 on the guide rails 1, thereby moving the lower suspension platform 6; the distance control assembly is used for controlling the relative distance between the two suspension pieces 21 so as to be matched with the extension and contraction of the suspension platform 6.
Preferably, in order to facilitate that when one suspension member 21 moves, the other suspension member 21 can be driven to move, the moving assembly comprises a moving part and a driving part, the moving part is arranged on the two suspension members 21 and comprises a guide limiting block 35 and a roller 22, a hollow prism 24 is arranged on the inner side of a vertical plate on one side of the suspension member 21, the hollow prism 24 passes through a prism-shaped guide hole 351 arranged on the guide limiting block 35 and is connected with the guide limiting block 35, the guide limiting block 35 is of a square structure, the upper end and the lower end of the guide limiting block 35 are clamped in guide grooves of the second guide steel plates 13 which are symmetrically arranged, and move along the guide grooves during adjustment to guide the movement of the suspension member 21, and the roller 22 is a driven mechanism which is arranged on a connecting vertical plate 23 on the suspension member 21 and moves along the guide grooves on the first guide steel plates 11; the driving part is arranged on the moving part of any one of the suspending pieces 21 and comprises a second control motor 31, a second gear shaft 32 and a first bearing 36, the second control motor 31 is arranged on an outer fixing plate of the suspending piece 21, the drive end of which is connected to a drive shaft 34 by means of a coupling 33, said drive shaft 34 being arranged inside a first bearing 36, and the other end of the transmission shaft 34 is connected with a second gear shaft 32, the second gear shaft 32 is meshed with the first rack 12, the first bearing 36 is arranged at the inner side of the hollow prism 24, namely, when in use, the second control motor 31 rotates to drive the second gear shaft 32 to rotate, the second gear shaft 32 drives the whole sliding mechanism to move along the guide groove direction of the second guide steel plate 13 through the meshing force between the second gear shaft 32 and the first rack 12, the device is integrally moved so as to be suitable for construction of different working surface areas of the side wall of the bay with the roof.
Preferably, the second control motor 31 is connected with the controller 38 through a wire 37, and in use, a constructor controls the second control motor 31 to work on the suspension platform 6 through the controller 38, so that the integral advance or retreat of the two suspension members 21 is realized, and the movement of the integral device is realized.
Preferably, the distance control assembly is used for adaptively adjusting and controlling the relative distance between the two suspension members 21 when the length of the suspension platform 6 changes, and comprises a second guide rail 14, a first control motor 39 and a first gear shaft 30, wherein the second guide rail 14 is an L-shaped structure provided with internal teeth, one fixed end of the second guide rail 14 is detachably connected with the suspension member 21 through a connecting plate 212 arranged on the suspension member 21 at one side, the other free end of the second guide rail 14 passes through a limiting hole 213 arranged on a limiting plate 211 on the suspension member 21 at the other side and is meshed with the first gear shaft 30, the first gear shaft 30 is arranged at the driving end of the first control motor 39, and when in use, the relative distance between the two suspension members 21 is controlled through the first control motor 39 so as to adapt to the length change of the suspension platform 6 and the integral movement of the device, the first control motor 39 is fixedly disposed on the top plate of one side of the hanger 21.
Preferably, the hook 27 is rotatably disposed at the center of the lower side of the suspension member 21 through the connection block 26 and the second bearing 25, and an arc-shaped locking member 28 is disposed at an opening of the hook 27, the arc-shaped locking member 28 is used in cooperation with a first arc-shaped telescopic slot 271 and a second arc-shaped telescopic slot 272 disposed on the hook 27, that is, the arc-shaped locking member 28 is telescopic along the first arc-shaped telescopic slot 271 and the second arc-shaped telescopic slot 272, a first return spring 273 for returning the arc-shaped locking member 28 is further disposed in the second arc-shaped telescopic slot 272, an adjusting key 281 for adjusting the position of the arc-shaped locking member 28 is further disposed on the arc-shaped locking member 28, the adjusting key 281 is used in cooperation with an adjusting slot 274 disposed at the outer side of the second arc-shaped telescopic slot 272, that in the installation process, the position of the arc-shaped locking member 28 in the second arc-shaped telescopic slot 272 is adjusted through the adjusting key 281, so that the lifting rope 5 is clamped in, after the locking is performed, the adjusting key 281 is released, and the arc-shaped locking piece 28 automatically resets under the action of the first return spring 273, so that the safety of the constructor is ensured.
Preferably, the main basket body 61 comprises a main basket top basket rod 611, a side rail frame 612, a main basket bottom basket rod 613 and a side rail net 614, wherein the side rail net 614 is arranged on the upper side of the side rail frame 612 for skid resistance and weight reduction, the main basket top basket rod 611 and the main basket bottom basket rod 613 are symmetrically arranged on the upper end and the lower end of the side rail frame 612 and the side rail net 614 to form a rigid retaining point; the main basket top basket rod 611 and the main basket bottom basket rod 613 are both hollow structures, the first cavity 6111 inside the main basket top basket rod 611 is matched with the auxiliary basket top basket rod 624 arranged at the upper part of the auxiliary basket body 62 for use, that is, the auxiliary basket top basket rod 624 can stretch along the first cavity 6111, the second cavity 6131 inside the main basket bottom basket rod 613 is matched with the auxiliary basket bottom basket rod 622 arranged at the lower part of the auxiliary basket body 62 for use, and the stretching adjusting mechanism is arranged in the second cavity 6131 and used for adjusting the relative positions of the main basket body 61 and the auxiliary basket body 62; the auxiliary basket body 62 further comprises an outer standing frame 621 and a side rail 623, the outer standing frame 621 is arranged at the outer end of the auxiliary basket body 62 and is connected with a basket rod 624 at the top of the auxiliary basket and a basket rod 622 at the bottom of the auxiliary basket, and the side rail 623 is a telescopic basket rod and is arranged between the outer standing frame 621 and the vertical rod of the main basket body 61.
Preferably, in order to adjust the relative position of the main basket body 61 and the sub basket body 62, the telescopic adjusting mechanism includes a third driving motor 65, an adjusting rod 66 and a turbine 68, the third driving motor 65 is installed at the outer side of the basket rod 613 at the bottom of the main basket, the worm wheel 68 is installed in the second cavity 6131 through the third bearing 67, the adjusting rod 66 is installed at the driving end of the third driving motor 65 and is used in cooperation with the middle worm 662 of the adjusting rod 66, namely, when in use, the third driving motor 65 drives the turbine 68 to rotate, the turbine 68 drives the adjusting rod 66 to rotate, and threaded rods 661 are provided at both ends of the adjusting rod 66, the threaded rods 661 are used in cooperation with the threaded grooves 6221 provided at the inner side of the basket rod 622 of the sub-basket bottom, that is, when the threaded rod 661 rotates, the two symmetrically disposed basket rods 622 at the bottom of the secondary basket are driven to move towards or away from each other, so as to adjust the relative positions of the primary basket body 61 and the secondary basket body 62.
Preferably, for play the effect of shock attenuation buffering in the use, the both ends of guide rail 1 still be provided with buffer, buffer includes first buffering steel sheet 15, second buffering steel sheet 16, rubber buffer board 17 and third buffer spring 18, first buffering steel sheet 15 welds the tip of establishing at guide rail 1, the activity of second buffering steel sheet 16 sets up between two second direction steel sheets 13, and second buffering steel sheet 16 is connected through third buffer spring 18 with first buffering steel sheet 15, rubber buffer board 17 sets up in the outside of second buffering steel sheet 16, uses with hanging up 21 cooperations, carries out the shock attenuation.
Use as above the construction process of large-span there is room lid atrium side wall slide rail hanging flower basket, will slide rail hanging flower basket is used for large-span there is room lid atrium side wall decoration, and its concrete process includes:
the method comprises the following steps: installing equipment, drawing a construction drawing and a BIM model animation according to construction requirements, measuring the length of a guide rail, and preparing 18# I-steel, a rated load motor, a thick buffer steel plate, a rubber buffer plate, a bolt and a lifting hook;
step two: butt welding 18# I-beams together on site, then performing strengthening treatment on the hole of the 18# I-beam through screw connection to ensure that the load is met, welding a buffer device, then symmetrically forming holes at intervals at two wing distance ends at the top of the I-beam, and welding a guide steel plate and a rack, so that the I-beam guide rail is manufactured;
step three: the guide rail pulleys are installed and reinforced, rated load motors are connected and fixed by bolts on two sides of the I-shaped steel guide rail, the distance is adjusted, smooth sliding is ensured, and grooves cannot be removed;
step four: installing a slide rail hanging basket, measuring and paying off at a position 800mm away from a wall body on the top of the large-span reinforced concrete roof according to the size of a manufactured guide rail, marking the positions of holes on the reinforced concrete roof according to the positions of the holes of bolts at two wings of the guide rail, drilling the holes by using water, and additionally forming a M20 hollow hole for fixing a hanging basket safety rope;
step five: testing, lifting the manufactured guide rail to the bottom of a roof beam through the hole by using an M6 steel wire rope, conveying an operator to the guide rail by using a scaling ladder vehicle, fixing the guide rail at the bottom of the roof beam by using a phi 16 bolt, then placing a hanging basket steel wire rope to the ground through a lifting hook, fixing a safety cotton rope on a main body structure through an M20 hole, and completely installing the hanging basket after the hanging basket is installed;
step six: and (3) dismantling the guide rail, wherein the construction content must be completely finished before the welded square steel is dismantled, the square steel slowly slides down from the top by using a steel wire rope in the dismantling process, and finally, the square steel is installed in a symmetrical place for circulation and utilization.
Example 1: the Yaoze Biyuyuan business residential area N1 standard section project is positioned on a culture road and a permanent installation road cross of an elm sunny area in elm forest city of Shaanxi province, belongs to a 7-degree earthquake-resistant fortification intensity area, and consists of 4 monomers in total, wherein the building area is 8.5 ten thousand square meters, the 6# commercial building is 3.5 ten thousand square meters, the building height is 34m, the decoration engineering construction difficulty of a Zhongting hall is high, and the building is large; in the construction process, because the atrium is high, the span is large, the decoration difficulty is large, and the structures such as an aerial ladder, a scaffold and the like need to be erected in advance and continuously moved, the construction period is long, and the construction cost is high;
aiming at the problems, the large-span hanging basket with the side wall of the atrium of the house and the construction method thereof are adopted, and the construction process of the specific construction method is shown in figure 13:
the method comprises the following steps: installing equipment, drawing a construction drawing and a BIM model animation according to construction requirements, measuring the length of a guide rail, and preparing 18# I-steel, a rated load motor, a thick buffer steel plate, a rubber buffer plate, a bolt and a lifting hook;
step two: processing a guide rail, butt-welding 18# I-beams with required lengths together on site according to a drawing and required materials, clamping 300 mm-long 8mm thick steel plates on two sides of a welding seam for full welding, then opening 6M 10 holes for strengthening treatment through screw connection, ensuring that the load is met, preparing a rubber buffer plate, a bolt, a lifting hook, welding 2 100mm 160mm 8mm thick steel plates on two sides of the I-beam, fixing 2 100mm 160mm 60mm thick rubber pads on the steel plates as a buffer device, then symmetrically opening holes with the interval of 950mm at 200mm positions of two wing ends at the top of the I-beam, wherein the hole diameter is M18, and thus the manufacturing of the I-beam guide rail is completed;
step three: calculating hanging baskets, materials and dynamic loads of constructors to match the miniature remote control electric hoist roadster which meets load requirements and has the same power, connecting and fixing rated load motors on two sides of an I-shaped steel guide rail by using bolts, adjusting the distance to ensure smooth sliding and prevent the motor roadster from disengaging from a groove, and respectively fixing 2 lifting hooks below the pulley block after two groups of pulleys are installed, thus completing the installation of the guide rail electric pulleys;
step four: integrally installing the slide rail hanging basket, measuring and paying off at a position 800mm away from a wall body on the top of the large-span reinforced concrete roof according to the size of a manufactured guide rail, marking the positions of holes on the reinforced concrete roof according to the positions of holes of bolts at two wings of the guide rail, drilling the holes by using water, and additionally forming one M20 cavity for fixing a hanging basket safety rope;
step five: then lifting the manufactured guide rail to the bottom of a roof beam by using an M6 steel wire rope through the hole, transporting an operator to the guide rail by using an aerial ladder vehicle, fixing the guide rail at the bottom of the roof beam by using a 750mm long phi 16 bolt, then placing a hanging basket steel wire rope to the ground through a lifting hook, fixing a safety cotton rope on a main body structure through an M20 hollow hole, and completely installing the hanging basket after installing the hanging basket;
step six: and (3) dismantling the guide rail, wherein the construction content must be completely finished before the welded square steel is dismantled, the square steel slowly slides down from the top by using a steel wire rope in the dismantling process, and finally, the square steel is installed in a symmetrical place for circulation and utilization.
Preferably, the construction process should be noted:
(1) all materials such as entrance I-steel, bolts, motors and the like meet the field requirements;
(2) all welding seams are 4mm high, the last layer of welding seams are continuously welded during multilayer welding, and the thickness of metal of each layer of welding seams is not more than 3 mm; welding waves on the surface of the welding seam should be uniform, the defects of cracks, non-fusion, slag inclusion, welding beading, undercut, burning through, craters, needle-shaped air holes and the like cannot be caused, and splashing substances cannot be generated in a welding area; the bolt for fixing the I-steel must use a spring washer to prevent the nut from loosening, and the I-steel should be firmly fixed.
And (3) economic benefit analysis: compared with the traditional construction method, the construction technology of the large-span house-roof atrium side wall slide rail hanging basket creates obvious economic benefits, for example:
1. and (3) scheme comparison: the first scheme is as follows: construction is carried out by adopting a steel pipe fastener type scaffold, the planned construction period is 62 days, 5826 meters of steel pipes (lease expense is 0.017 yuan per day), 2650 fasteners (lease expense is 0.017 yuan per day) and 829 bamboo frame plates (23 yuan per block) are needed; 5826 × 0.017 × 62 ═ 6140.6 yuan of steel pipe lease cost, 2650 × 0.015 × 62 ═ 2464.5 yuan of fastener lease cost, 829 × 23 ═ 19067 yuan of bamboo frame plate purchase cost, because the upper and lower needs the manual transmission to set up and demolish the scaffold, so set up the high 80 yuan of branch package cost of scaffold per square meter, calculate according to atrium side wall projection area: 962 multiplied by 80 is 76960 yuan, and the steel pipe fastener assembling and disassembling and the transportation cost are 7147 yuan in total after the construction is finished; in summary, the total investment cost for constructing the scaffold by using the steel pipe clip-type scaffold is about 6140.6+2464.5+19067+76960+7147 which is 111779.1 yuan.
Scheme II: the construction is carried out by renting aerial ladder vehicles, the planning period is 62 days, 3 aerial ladder vehicles are required to operate simultaneously, the daily rent of each aerial ladder vehicle is 980 yuan, and the total input cost is 3 multiplied by 980 multiplied by 62 which is 182280.0 yuan.
The third scheme is as follows: the construction method is characterized in that a sliding rail hanging basket construction technology is adopted, materials do not need to be transferred up and down manually, the sliding construction efficiency of the hanging basket is improved, about 22 days are saved, and only 40 days are needed for completion, two 6-meter I-steel are purchased, 680 yuan are counted, 4 small steel plates are counted, 120 yuan are counted, 4 miniature remote control electric hoist running cars with 0.5 ton load are purchased, 220 yuan are counted for each car, 880 yuan are counted, 24 bolts with the length of phi 16 of 750mm are counted, 35 yuan are counted for each car, 840 yuan are counted, the labor cost for drilling, welding, manufacturing and installing is 2200 yuan, the aerial ladder car is leased for half a day, 490 yuan is counted, 40 yuan/day is leased for the hanging basket, 1600 yuan is counted, the sliding rail hanging basket is circulated for 4 times in total, and the cost for installing and dismantling is 750 yuan each time, and 3000 yuan is counted. In summary, the total investment cost of the construction technology adopting the sliding rail hanging basket is 680, 120, 880, 840, 2200, 490, 1600 and 3000 which is 9810 yuan.
2. Comparison of economic benefit
The third scheme is compared with the first scheme comprehensively, so that the cost is saved: 111779.1-9810 ═ 101969.1 ten thousand yuan;
the third scheme and the second scheme are comprehensively compared to save the cost: 182280 and 9810 ═ 172470 Yuan.
3. Comparison of work period benefits
Comprehensively considering all aspects, the construction and use of the sliding rail hanging basket in the third scheme saves the construction period by 22 days, the management cost is 0.6 ten thousand yuan each day, and the sliding rail hanging basket is saved accumulatively: 22 × 0.6 ═ 13.2 ten thousand yuan.
4. Comprehensive economic benefit
The direct economic benefit and the construction period benefit are accumulated, and compared with the traditional construction method, the slide rail hanging basket construction technology can save the cost by 10.19+13.2 which is 23.39 ten thousand yuan, namely the economic benefit of 23.39 ten thousand yuan is obtained.
5. Environmental protection benefit
The large-span sliding rail hanging basket with the atrium side wall of the roof is welded, perforated and processed indoors and then installed on a construction site, so that the large-span atrium side wall hanging basket does not occupy the site, and avoids site light pollution and environmental pollution. The sliding rail hanging basket can be used for construction, only one hanging basket can be manufactured, the hanging basket can be used on the side wall of the atrium alternately, and the construction area is wide at one time. Greatly reduces the time required for transferring materials in conventional construction and the safety risk caused by the time. The whole construction process is clean and tidy, energy conservation and emission reduction, pollution and haze treatment and environmental protection are achieved, and the method follows the policy of green construction in China and Shaanxi province.
The method is characterized in that:
1. reduces the construction cost
The construction of the sliding rail hanging basket is simple and convenient, compared with the traditional hanging basket installation method, the process takes the roof top plate as the overhanging mechanism and the counterweight, compared with the scaffold construction method, the process saves the use of steel pipes and fasteners, and does not cause the increase of material cost, and through the application of the construction method, the labor intensity is reduced, the labor force is saved, and the engineering cost is effectively reduced;
2. ensures the construction quality
The sliding rail hanging basket platform is easy to control the quality of the construction process, has high construction precision, provides a good operation platform for on-site ultrahigh large-span side wall decoration and fitment projects, and can finish the construction of the atrium side wall decoration surface at one time by adopting the electric sliding rail, thereby ensuring the beauty and the flatness of the decoration surface;
3. ensure the construction safety
An operation platform is provided for the wall surface decoration plastering, coating and facing engineering of workers, and the normal construction safety of the hollow side wall is ensured;
4. saving the construction period
By the comprehensive design of lifting the hanging basket, the operation platform adopts the lifting mode of the traditional hanging basket, and the electric pulley horizontally travels along the I-shaped steel rail, so that the hanging basket is installed at one time and used in all directions without dead angles, the hanging basket does not need to be moved during construction on the same side of the wall surface, the construction period is comprehensively saved for 22 days, and the expected purpose is achieved in the aspect of the construction period; the construction method of the sliding rail hanging basket is used in an all-round and dead-angle-free mode, and compared with the traditional construction methods of scaffolds, aerial ladder vehicles and the like, the construction method has obvious advancement and novelty in the aspects of construction period, quality, construction cost, energy conservation, environmental protection and the like.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a large-span has room lid zhongting side wall slide rail hanging flower basket which characterized in that: comprises a guide rail, a suspension hanger, a sliding mechanism, a lifting rope and a suspension platform;
the guide rail is an I-shaped steel beam and is arranged below the reinforced concrete top plate through a fastening mounting part, and a first guide steel plate, a first rack and a second guide steel plate are arranged on the guide rail, wherein the first guide steel plate and the first rack are respectively arranged on two sides of the guide rail, and the second guide steel plate is symmetrically arranged;
the suspension hanging piece is arranged on the lower side of the guide rail and is connected with the guide rail in a sliding mode through a sliding mechanism, the suspension hanging piece is provided with the suspension hanging piece and a lifting hook, and the lifting hook is arranged on the lower side of the suspension hanging piece;
one end of the lifting rope is connected with the lifting hook, and the other end of the lifting rope is connected with the suspension platform through the lifting motor;
the suspension platform is a telescopic hanging basket and comprises a main basket body and auxiliary basket bodies, the auxiliary basket bodies are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the main basket body through telescopic adjusting mechanisms, and damping mechanisms are arranged at the bottoms of the main basket body and the auxiliary basket bodies.
2. The large-span hanging basket with the side wall of the atrium in the house as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the sliding mechanism comprises a moving assembly and a distance control assembly, the moving assembly comprises a moving part and a driving part, the moving part is arranged on the suspension part and comprises a guide limiting block and a roller, a hollow prism is arranged on the inner side of a vertical plate on one side of the suspension part and penetrates through a prismatic guide hole arranged on the guide limiting block to be connected with the guide limiting block, and the guide limiting block is clamped in the guide grooves of two second guide steel plates which are symmetrically arranged to slide; the idler wheel is arranged on the connecting vertical plate on the suspension piece and moves along the guide groove on the first guide steel plate.
3. The large-span hanging basket with the side wall of the atrium in the house as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the driving part is arranged on the moving part of any suspension part and comprises a second control motor, a second gear shaft and a first bearing, the second control motor is arranged on an outer side fixing plate of the suspension part, a driving end of the second control motor is connected with a transmission shaft through a coupler, the transmission shaft is arranged on the inner side of the first bearing, the other end of the transmission shaft is connected with the second gear shaft, the second gear shaft is meshed with the first rack, the first bearing is arranged on the inner side of the hollow prism, the second control motor is connected with the controller through a lead, and the two suspension parts are controlled to move through the controller.
4. The large-span hanging basket with the side wall of the atrium in the house as claimed in claim 2, wherein: distance control unit be used for controlling two relative distance between hanging in midair, including second guide rail, first control motor and first pinion, the L shape structure of second guide rail for being provided with the internal tooth, its stiff end is connected with hanging in midair through setting up the connecting plate that hangs in midair on the piece in one side, and the free end passes the spacing hole that sets up on the limiting plate that hangs in midair on the piece in the opposite side, and with first pinion intermeshing, first pinion sets up the drive end at first control motor, suspends the relative distance between the piece in midair through two control motor control, first control motor is fixed to be set up on the roof that hangs in midair one side.
5. The large-span hanging basket with the side wall of the atrium in the house as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the lifting hook pass through connecting block and second bearing setting and locate at the downside center of hanging in midair, and be provided with the arc latch fitting at the opening part of lifting hook, the arc latch fitting uses with the flexible groove cooperation of the first arc that sets up on the lifting hook and second arc, the flexible inslot of second arc still is provided with the first reset spring that is used for the arc latch fitting to reset, still be provided with the adjusting key on the arc latch fitting, the adjusting key uses with the adjusting groove cooperation that sets up in the flexible groove outside of second arc.
6. The large-span hanging basket with the side wall of the atrium in the house as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the main basket body comprises a main basket top basket rod, a side fence frame, a main basket bottom basket rod and a side fence net, wherein the side fence net is arranged on the upper side of the side fence frame, and the main basket top basket rod and the main basket bottom basket rod are symmetrically arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the side fence frame and the side fence net; the top basket rod of the main basket and the bottom basket rod of the main basket are both of hollow structures, a first cavity in the top basket rod of the main basket is matched with the top basket rod of the auxiliary basket arranged at the upper part of the auxiliary basket body for use, a second cavity in the bottom basket rod of the main basket is matched with the bottom basket rod of the auxiliary basket arranged at the lower part of the auxiliary basket body for use, and the telescopic adjusting mechanism is arranged in the second cavity; the auxiliary basket body further comprises an outer vertical frame and side rails, the outer vertical frame is arranged at the outer end of the auxiliary basket body and connected with the basket rod at the top of the auxiliary basket and the basket rod at the bottom of the auxiliary basket, and the side rails are telescopic basket rods and arranged between the outer vertical frame and the vertical rods of the main basket body.
7. The large-span hanging basket with house roof atrium side wall sliding rails as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the telescopic adjusting mechanism comprises a third driving motor, an adjusting rod and a turbine, the third driving motor is installed on the outer side of the basket rod at the bottom of the main basket, the turbine is installed in the second cavity through a third bearing, the adjusting rod is installed at the driving end of the third driving motor and is matched with a middle worm of the adjusting rod, threaded rods are further arranged at the two ends of the adjusting rod, and the threaded rods are matched with threaded grooves formed in the inner side of the basket rod at the bottom of the auxiliary basket.
8. The large-span hanging basket with house roof atrium side wall sliding rails as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the damping mechanism comprises first leg cylinders, first leg rods and guide rods, wherein the first leg cylinders are symmetrically arranged, the first leg cylinders are arranged on the lower side of the basket rod at the bottom of the main basket, the upper end telescopic parts of the first leg rods are movably arranged in the first leg cylinders and are matched with third damping springs arranged in the first leg cylinders, leg circular plates are arranged at the lower ends of the first leg cylinders, the guide rods are arranged between the two first leg cylinders, sliding blocks are movably sleeved on the guide rods, second damping springs are arranged between the two sliding blocks symmetrically arranged, and the sliding blocks are connected with damping rings arranged on the first leg rods through hinge rods.
9. The large-span hanging basket with the side wall of the atrium in the house as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the both ends of guide rail still be provided with buffer, buffer includes first buffering steel sheet, second buffering steel sheet, rubber buffer board and third buffer spring, the tip at the guide rail is established in the welding of first buffering steel sheet, the activity of second buffering steel sheet sets up between two second direction steel sheets, and second buffering steel sheet passes through third buffer spring with first buffering steel sheet and is connected, the rubber buffer board sets up the outside at second buffering steel sheet.
10. The construction process of the large-span hanging basket with the side wall of the atrium in the house as claimed in claim 1, wherein: will the slide rail hanging flower basket is used for the large-span has room lid atrium side wall to decorate, and its specific process includes:
the method comprises the following steps: installing equipment, drawing a construction drawing and a BIM model animation according to construction requirements, measuring the length of a guide rail, preparing I-shaped steel, a rated load motor, a buffer steel plate, a rubber buffer plate, a bolt and a lifting hook;
step two: butt welding I-beams together on site, then performing reinforcement treatment on the I-beam open holes through screw connection to ensure that the load is met, welding a buffer device, then symmetrically opening holes at intervals at two wing distance end parts at the top of the I-beam, welding a guide steel plate and a rack, and finishing the manufacture of an I-beam guide rail;
step three: the guide rail pulleys are installed and reinforced, rated load motors are connected and fixed by bolts on two sides of the I-shaped steel guide rail, the distance is adjusted, smooth sliding is ensured, grooves cannot be removed, after the two groups of pulleys are installed, the lifting hooks are respectively fixed below the pulley block, and the guide rail electric pulleys are installed;
step four: installing a slide rail hanging basket, measuring and paying off at a position 800mm away from a wall body on the top of the large-span reinforced concrete roof according to the size of a manufactured guide rail, marking the positions of holes on the reinforced concrete roof according to the positions of the holes of bolts at two wings of the guide rail, drilling the holes by using water, and additionally forming a M20 hollow hole for fixing a hanging basket safety rope;
step five: testing, lifting the manufactured guide rail to the bottom of a roof beam by using an M6 steel wire rope through drilling, conveying operating personnel to the guide rail by using a scaling ladder vehicle, fixing the guide rail at the bottom of the roof beam by using a phi 16 bolt, then placing a hanging basket steel wire rope to the ground through a lifting hook, fixing a safety cotton rope on a main body structure through an M20 hollow hole, and completely installing the hanging basket after installing the hanging basket;
step six: and (3) dismantling the guide rail, wherein the construction content must be completely finished before the welded square steel is dismantled, the square steel slowly slides down from the top by using a steel wire rope in the dismantling process, and finally, the square steel is installed in a symmetrical place for circulation and utilization.
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