CN113603551A - Cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113603551A
CN113603551A CN202110936296.8A CN202110936296A CN113603551A CN 113603551 A CN113603551 A CN 113603551A CN 202110936296 A CN202110936296 A CN 202110936296A CN 113603551 A CN113603551 A CN 113603551A
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China
Prior art keywords
cassava
fertilizer
liquid organic
pesticide
parts
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CN202110936296.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韦晓社
贾虎成
沈锡锐
陈小莉
覃定勇
赵颖
石贰峰
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Guangxi Chuiqing Biotechnology Co ltd
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Guangxi Chuiqing Biotechnology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110936296.8A priority Critical patent/CN113603551A/en
Publication of CN113603551A publication Critical patent/CN113603551A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/20Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation using specific microorganisms or substances, e.g. enzymes, for activating or stimulating the treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer which is characterized by comprising the following raw materials in parts by weight: 80-120 parts of cassava, 10-50 parts of humic acid, 20-50 parts of chicken bone meal, 30-50 parts of sugarcane peel, 0.1-1 part of composite bacteria and 0.01-1 part of trace elements. The liquid fertilizer prepared from cassava can promote the absorption of citrus roots and can be sprayed by adding pesticides, so that the labor amount is reduced, and the environmental pollution is reduced.

Description

Cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of fertilizer processing, in particular to a cassava liquid organic medicinal fertilizer and a preparation method thereof.
Background
The yield of cassava in Guangxi is high, the consumption of cassava is continuously increased every year, but the waste residue, namely cassava residue, generated in the production process is also continuously increased. The cassava dregs are the wastes left after cassava is subjected to starch extraction in a starch plant or alcohol extraction in an alcohol plant, but still contain abundant substances such as cellulose, hemicellulose, starch, inorganic salt and the like, and are a very useful biomass source. Currently, there are three main methods for processing cassava dregs, namely anaerobic fermentation to produce biogas, fermentation to produce alcohol and production of feed. However, these three treatment methods have not been widely used for various reasons, and a large amount of cassava residues are still in a waste state.
Guangxi is also an area with large citrus planting amount in the whole country. How to improve the yield of the citrus is one of the key factors for improving the economic benefit of the citrus, and fertilization is one of the essential important measures for improving the yield of the citrus. In the prior art, the citrus fertilization management has the problems of unscientific fertilizer consumption, unbalanced fertilizer nutrients, lack of trace elements in the fertilizer, multiple fertilization times, large labor capacity, unreasonable fertilization mode and the like. If the content of nutrients of the applied fertilizer is not complete and unbalanced, the nutrients required by the growth of citrus cannot be completely met, physiological diseases such as yellow dragon disease and canker are easily caused, the psyllid causing the yellow dragon disease is high in reproduction speed, the psyllid easily flies back after being directly beaten by a worker, repeated infection is easily caused, the sprayed pesticide cannot be maintained for a long time, the yellow dragon disease cannot be radically treated, the pesticide is sprayed, multiple operations are required, and the labor amount is large. It is therefore desirable to find a solution to the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to: aiming at the problems mentioned in the background art, the invention aims to provide a cassava liquid organic medicinal fertilizer and a preparation method thereof.
In order to achieve the purpose of the invention, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 80-120 parts of cassava, 10-50 parts of humic acid, 20-50 parts of chicken bone meal, 30-50 parts of sugarcane peel, 0.1-1 part of composite bacteria and 0.01-1 part of trace elements.
Further, the organic fertilizer is added with 0.01 to 0.1 mass percent of pesticide according to the situation for spraying.
Further, the insecticide is imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, dinotefuran or clothianidin.
A preparation method of a cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer comprises the following steps:
(1) pretreatment: cleaning cassava and sugarcane peel respectively, draining, crushing into slurry, and mixing uniformly for later use;
(2) fermentation: adding humic acid and compound bacteria into the slurry obtained in the step (1), fully and uniformly stirring, sealing and fermenting, stirring at intervals, and obtaining fermentation liquor after fermentation is completed;
(3) and (3) filtering and concentrating: filtering the fermentation liquor, removing particles in the fermentation liquor, and then putting all the fermentation liquor in a concentration evaporation tank for evaporation and concentration to a proper concentration;
(4) blending: adding the chicken bone powder and the trace elements into the concentrated fermentation liquor, fully mixing, and adding different insecticides for mixing according to the using period.
Further, in the step (1), the crushing into slurry is to crush cassava and sugarcane peels to 800-1200 meshes.
Further, in the step (2), the humic acid is added with a disintegrant and prepared into small granules.
Further, the disintegrant is dry starch, and the diameter of the particles prepared from the humic acid is 3-10 mm.
Further, in the step (3), the number of the filter screens used for filtering is 400-800, and the concentration is 0.1-0.5 times of the original volume by evaporation concentration.
Further, the trace elements include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, copper, and iron.
Furthermore, the application mode of the organic fertilizer is that the liquid organic fertilizer is diluted by adding water, and then the pesticide used in the corresponding plant growth period is added to be sprayed on the leaves and the trunks or poured on the roots.
In summary, due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the fertilizer is prepared into a liquid state, is beneficial to plant absorption, has various using methods, can be used by matching with an insecticide, reduces the labor amount by combining the fertilization with the pesticide spraying, and reduces the use of pesticides and fertilizers so as to reduce the environmental pollution;
(2) the problem that cassava is difficult to decompose is solved by adding humic acid in the fermentation decomposition process, and cassava pulp is decomposed into organic matters which are favorable for absorption through fermentation;
(3) the sugarcane peel is added, so that the sugarcane peel is recycled for reuse, and a large amount of saccharides in the sugarcane peel are fully utilized and applied to the root of the citrus as a fertilizer, so that the sweetness of the citrus is increased;
(4) the addition of the disintegrating agent into the humic acid is convenient for adding into the fermentation liquor, and the humic acid can be rapidly disintegrated after being added into the fermentation liquor and can be dispersed in the fermentation liquor to directly act with the fermentation liquor.
(5) By pouring the pesticide into the soil, the citrus absorbs the pesticide from the root to the stem, so that the psyllid can die or cannot reproduce, the prevention and treatment effect of the huanglongbing can be greatly improved, and the yield is increased.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to preferred embodiments. It should be noted, however, that the numerous details set forth in the description are merely for the purpose of providing the reader with a thorough understanding of one or more aspects of the present invention, which may be practiced without these specific details.
Example 1
A cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 80 parts of cassava, 10 parts of humic acid, 20 parts of chicken bone meal, 30 parts of sugarcane peel, 0.1 part of composite bacteria and 0.01 part of trace elements.
Example 2
A cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 120 parts of cassava, 50 parts of humic acid, 50 parts of chicken bone meal, 50 parts of sugarcane peel, 1 part of composite bacteria and 1 part of trace elements.
Example 3
A cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 80-120 parts of cassava, 30 parts of humic acid, 40 parts of chicken bone meal, 40 parts of sugarcane peel, 0.6 part of composite bacteria and 0.5 part of trace elements.
The organic fertilizer in the above examples 1-3 is added with 0.01-0.1% of pesticide according to the situation for spraying; the pesticide is imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, dinotefuran or clothianidin.
Example 4
A preparation method of a cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer comprises the following steps:
(1) pretreatment: cleaning cassava and sugarcane peel respectively, draining, crushing to 800 meshes to form slurry, and mixing uniformly for later use;
(2) fermentation: adding humic acid and compound bacteria into the slurry obtained in the step (1), fully and uniformly stirring, sealing and fermenting, stirring at intervals, obtaining fermentation liquor after fermentation is completed, adding a disintegrating agent into the humic acid, preparing the humic acid into small granules, wherein the disintegrating agent is dry starch, and the diameter of the granules prepared from the humic acid is 3 mm;
(3) and (3) filtering and concentrating: filtering the fermentation liquor, removing particles in the fermentation liquor, putting all the fermentation liquor in a concentration evaporation tank, and evaporating and concentrating to a proper concentration, wherein the mesh number of a filter screen adopted for filtering is 400 meshes, and the concentration is 0.1 time of the original volume by evaporation and concentration;
(4) blending: adding chicken bone powder and trace elements of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, copper and iron into the concentrated fermentation liquor, fully mixing, and adding different insecticides according to the use period for mixing.
The application mode of the organic fertilizer is that after the liquid organic fertilizer is diluted by adding water, the pesticide used in the corresponding plant growth period is added, and the liquid organic fertilizer is sprayed onto leaves and trunks or poured onto roots.
Example 5
A preparation method of a cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer comprises the following steps:
(1) pretreatment: cleaning cassava and sugarcane peel respectively, draining, crushing to 1200 meshes to form slurry, and mixing uniformly for later use;
(2) fermentation: adding humic acid and compound bacteria into the slurry obtained in the step (1), fully and uniformly stirring, sealing and fermenting, stirring at intervals, obtaining fermentation liquor after fermentation is completed, adding a disintegrating agent into the humic acid, preparing the humic acid into small granules, wherein the disintegrating agent is dry starch, and the diameter of the granules prepared from the humic acid is 10 mm;
(3) and (3) filtering and concentrating: filtering the fermentation liquor, removing particles in the fermentation liquor, putting all the fermentation liquor in a concentration evaporation tank, and evaporating and concentrating to a proper concentration, wherein the mesh number of a filter screen adopted for filtering is 800 meshes, and the concentration is 0.5 time of the original volume by evaporation and concentration;
(4) blending: adding chicken bone powder and trace elements of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, copper and iron into the concentrated fermentation liquor, fully mixing, and adding different insecticides according to the use period for mixing.
The application mode of the organic fertilizer is that after the liquid organic fertilizer is diluted by adding water, the pesticide used in the corresponding plant growth period is added, and the liquid organic fertilizer is sprayed onto leaves and trunks or poured onto roots.
Example 6
A preparation method of a cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer comprises the following steps:
(1) pretreatment: cleaning cassava and sugarcane peel respectively, draining, crushing to 1000 meshes to form slurry, and mixing uniformly for later use;
(2) fermentation: adding humic acid and compound bacteria into the slurry obtained in the step (1), fully and uniformly stirring, sealing and fermenting, stirring at intervals, obtaining fermentation liquor after fermentation is completed, adding a disintegrating agent into the humic acid, preparing the humic acid into small granules, wherein the disintegrating agent is dry starch, and the diameter of the granules prepared from the humic acid is 8 mm;
(3) and (3) filtering and concentrating: filtering the fermentation liquor, removing particles in the fermentation liquor, putting all the fermentation liquor in a concentration evaporation tank, and evaporating and concentrating to a proper concentration, wherein the mesh number of a filter screen adopted for filtering is 600 meshes, and the concentration is 0.3 time of the original volume by evaporation and concentration;
(4) blending: adding chicken bone powder and trace elements of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, copper and iron into the concentrated fermentation liquor, fully mixing, and adding different insecticides according to the use period for mixing. The application mode of the organic fertilizer is that after the liquid organic fertilizer is diluted by adding water, the pesticide used in the corresponding plant growth period is added, and the liquid organic fertilizer is sprayed onto leaves and trunks or poured onto roots.
Wherein the raw materials in examples 4-6 adopt the parts in example 3.
Comparative example 1
A preparation method of a cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer comprises the following steps:
(1) pretreatment: cleaning cassava and sugarcane peel respectively, draining, crushing to 1000 meshes to form slurry, and mixing uniformly for later use;
(2) fermentation: adding the compound bacteria into the slurry obtained in the step (1), fully and uniformly stirring, carrying out sealed fermentation, stirring at intervals, obtaining a fermentation liquid after the fermentation is finished, adding a disintegrating agent into humic acid, preparing the humic acid into small granules, wherein the disintegrating agent is dry starch, and the diameter of the granules prepared from the humic acid is 6 mm;
(3) and (3) filtering and concentrating: filtering the fermentation liquor, removing particles in the fermentation liquor, putting all the fermentation liquor in a concentration evaporation tank, and evaporating and concentrating to a proper concentration, wherein the mesh number of a filter screen adopted for filtering is 600 meshes, and the concentration is 0.4 time of the original volume by evaporation and concentration;
(4) blending: adding chicken bone powder and trace elements of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, copper and iron into the concentrated fermentation liquor, fully mixing, and adding different insecticides according to the use period for mixing. The application mode of the organic fertilizer is that after the liquid organic fertilizer is diluted by adding water, the pesticide used in the corresponding plant growth period is added, and the liquid organic fertilizer is sprayed onto leaves and trunks or poured onto roots.
Comparative example 2
A preparation method of a cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer comprises the following steps:
(1) pretreatment: cleaning cassava and sugarcane peel respectively, draining, crushing to 800-1200 meshes, pulping, and mixing uniformly for later use;
(2) fermentation: adding humic acid and compound bacteria into the slurry obtained in the step (1), fully and uniformly stirring, sealing and fermenting, stirring at intervals, and obtaining fermentation liquor after fermentation is completed;
(3) and (3) filtering and concentrating: filtering the fermentation liquor, removing particles in the fermentation liquor, putting all the fermentation liquor in a concentration evaporation tank for evaporation concentration to a proper concentration, wherein the number of filter screens adopted for filtering is 400-800 meshes, and the concentration is 0.2 time of the original volume by evaporation concentration;
(4) blending: adding chicken bone powder and trace elements of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, copper and iron into the concentrated fermentation liquor, fully mixing, and adding different insecticides according to the use period for mixing. The application mode of the organic fertilizer is that after the liquid organic fertilizer is diluted by adding water, the pesticide used in the corresponding plant growth period is added, and the liquid organic fertilizer is sprayed onto leaves and trunks or poured onto roots.
In comparative example 1, no humic acid was added, in comparative example 2, no humic acid was added to a disintegrant, in comparative example 3, a fertilizer was prepared as a solid, field tests were conducted using examples 1 to 6 and comparative examples 1 to 2, and a commercial pesticide was sprayed as comparative example 3, and in a citrus field of 5 to 6 years of growth period, citrus was divided into 8 groups, numbered 1 to 8, and 10 citrus plants were used, and the conditions for cultivation and management were consistent, and the fertilizers prepared in examples 1 to 6 and comparative examples 1 to 2 were applied twice a year, once in 1 mid-month, twice in a 5-month end expansion period, and once a month in comparative example 3. And citrus harvest and onset of huanglongbing were recorded as shown in table 1:
TABLE 1 data of the examples
As can be seen from the table, the citrus fruits produced by the fertilizer completely implemented according to the embodiment have good fruit quality, high sweetness and high yield, and are suitable for wide popularization.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that those skilled in the art can make various improvements and modifications without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these improvements and modifications should also be construed as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer is characterized by comprising the following raw materials in parts by weight: 80-120 parts of cassava, 10-50 parts of humic acid, 20-50 parts of chicken bone meal, 30-50 parts of sugarcane peel, 0.1-1 part of composite bacteria and 0.01-1 part of trace elements.
2. The cassava liquid organic pesticide-fertilizer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the organic fertilizer is added with 0.01 to 0.1 mass percent of pesticide according to the situation for spraying.
3. The cassava liquid organic pesticide-fertilizer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the pesticide is imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, dinotefuran or clothianidin.
4. A method for preparing a cassava liquid organic pesticide-fertilizer according to claims 1-3, characterized by comprising the following steps:
(1) pretreatment: cleaning cassava and sugarcane peel respectively, draining, crushing into slurry, and mixing uniformly for later use;
(2) fermentation: adding humic acid and compound bacteria into the slurry obtained in the step (1), fully and uniformly stirring, sealing and fermenting, stirring at intervals, and obtaining fermentation liquor after fermentation is completed;
(3) and (3) filtering and concentrating: filtering the fermentation liquor, removing particles in the fermentation liquor, and then putting all the fermentation liquor in a concentration evaporation tank for evaporation and concentration to a proper concentration;
(4) blending: adding the chicken bone powder and the trace elements into the concentrated fermentation liquor, fully mixing, and adding different insecticides for mixing according to the using period.
5. The preparation method of the cassava liquid organic pesticide-fertilizer, according to claim 4, is characterized in that: in the step (1), the step of crushing into slurry is to crush cassava and sugarcane peels to 800-1200 meshes.
6. The preparation method of the cassava liquid organic pesticide-fertilizer, according to claim 4, is characterized in that: in the step (2), the humic acid is added with a disintegrating agent and prepared into small particles.
7. The preparation method of the cassava liquid organic pesticide-fertilizer, according to claim 6, is characterized in that: the disintegrant is dry starch, and the diameter of the particles prepared from the humic acid is 3-10 mm.
8. The preparation method of the cassava liquid organic pesticide-fertilizer, according to claim 4, is characterized in that: in the step (3), the number of the filter screens adopted for filtering is 400-.
9. The preparation method of the cassava liquid organic pesticide-fertilizer, according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the microelements comprise nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, copper and iron.
10. The preparation method of the cassava liquid organic pesticide-fertilizer, according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the application mode of the organic fertilizer is that after the liquid organic fertilizer is diluted by adding water, the pesticide used in the corresponding plant growth period is added, and the liquid organic fertilizer is sprayed onto leaves and trunks or poured onto roots.
CN202110936296.8A 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 Cassava liquid organic pesticide fertilizer and preparation method thereof Pending CN113603551A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102010235A (en) * 2010-09-25 2011-04-13 中国热带农业科学院环境与植物保护研究所 Humic acid liquid fertilizer prepared from cassava starch residues and method thereof
CN105110894A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-02 陈宝娟 Multi-functional biological organic bacterial fertilizer and production method therefor
CN105130589A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-09 陈宝娟 Multifunctional bioorganic liquid fertilizer and production method thereof
CN106748089A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-31 哈尔滨市广元种植有限公司 A kind of sugarcane skin fermentation organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107382581A (en) * 2016-05-24 2017-11-24 额敏奇缘农业科技发展有限责任公司 A kind of feces of livestock and poultry humic acid liquid fertilizer and its production method
CN108314545A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-07-24 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of green cucumber dedicated fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102010235A (en) * 2010-09-25 2011-04-13 中国热带农业科学院环境与植物保护研究所 Humic acid liquid fertilizer prepared from cassava starch residues and method thereof
CN105110894A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-02 陈宝娟 Multi-functional biological organic bacterial fertilizer and production method therefor
CN105130589A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-09 陈宝娟 Multifunctional bioorganic liquid fertilizer and production method thereof
CN107382581A (en) * 2016-05-24 2017-11-24 额敏奇缘农业科技发展有限责任公司 A kind of feces of livestock and poultry humic acid liquid fertilizer and its production method
CN106748089A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-31 哈尔滨市广元种植有限公司 A kind of sugarcane skin fermentation organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108314545A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-07-24 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of green cucumber dedicated fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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