CN113579761B - Full-automatic production line for signboard - Google Patents

Full-automatic production line for signboard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113579761B
CN113579761B CN202110935620.4A CN202110935620A CN113579761B CN 113579761 B CN113579761 B CN 113579761B CN 202110935620 A CN202110935620 A CN 202110935620A CN 113579761 B CN113579761 B CN 113579761B
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China
Prior art keywords
positioning
driving
rack
punching
moving
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CN202110935620.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113579761A (en
Inventor
黄丽巧
姚玲玺
姚荣斌
黄振喜
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Xinjiang Silk Road Liuhe Technology Co ltd
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Xinjiang Silk Road Liuhe Electric Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110935620.4A priority Critical patent/CN113579761B/en
Publication of CN113579761A publication Critical patent/CN113579761A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/06Metal-working plant comprising a number of associated machines or apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • B07C5/362Separating or distributor mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/26Perforating, i.e. punching holes in sheets or flat parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/003Positioning devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/10Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by grippers
    • B21D43/11Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by grippers for feeding sheet or strip material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/28Associations of cutting devices therewith
    • B21D43/287Devices for handling sheet or strip material

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of processing equipment, in particular to a full-automatic production line of a signboard. The processing method solves the problems that manual work is mostly adopted in the existing processing mode, and the production efficiency is low. The automatic cutting machine comprises a positioning platform, a truss manipulator, a rotating platform, a cutting device, a punching and shearing mechanism and a sorting device; during the use, place the material in location platform and fix a position, the material after the truss manipulator will fix a position transports to rotary platform department, and rotary platform changes the horizontal position of swivel mount wantonly and realizes aligning the four sides of material, then cuts the shaping and rotates required angle by the branch device through cutting device, realizes punching a hole and the board of shearing through punching shear mechanism, carries again to sorting device department, realizes receiving the material. The invention improves the production efficiency, easily expands the capacity, reduces the labor cost, and ensures the consistency of the product quality so as to meet the production requirement.

Description

Full-automatic production line for signboard
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of processing equipment, in particular to a full-automatic production line of a signboard.
Background
In daily life, the signboard can be seen everywhere, and can be roughly divided into: 1. notice boards, for example: work here, up and down from here, stop, high pressure hazard, careless potholes, direction boards, etc.; 2. banned cards, such as banned fireworks, banned people, banned crossing, banned climbing, banned smoking, banned spirit, etc.; 3. a warning board; such as mechanical injury, high pressure risk, injury to the hands, etc.
The signboard production line is mainly used for production research and development of electric power circuit signboards. The electric power signboard is formed by printing a American 3M film and is attached to an aluminum plate. The existing processing mode adopts manual trimming, manual cutting, manual punching and shearing and manual sorting, the production efficiency is low, the labor cost is high, and the consistency of final products is difficult to guarantee and cannot meet the requirements of actual production due to large manual operation errors.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a full-automatic production line of a signboard, which integrates automatic processing such as automatic feeding, automatic positioning, edge visual recognition, automatic edge trimming, automatic strip shearing, automatic punching and shearing, automatic sorting and the like, greatly improves the production efficiency, easily expands the capacity, reduces the labor cost, ensures the consistency of the product quality and meets the production requirement.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a full-automatic production line of signboard comprises a positioning platform, a truss manipulator, a rotary platform, a cutting device, a punching and shearing mechanism and a sorting device; during the use, place the material in location platform and fix a position, the material after the truss manipulator will fix a position transports rotary platform department to, rotary platform changes the horizontal position of swivel mount wantonly and realizes the alignment to the four sides of material, then passes through cutting device cutting shaping and by the required angle of branch device rotation, the mechanism is cut to the punching a hole and the board of shearing to the punching and shearing mechanism realization material, carries again to sorting device department, realizes receiving the material.
The positioning platform comprises a positioning seat, wherein a first positioning grid and a second positioning grid which are perpendicular to each other are arranged on the positioning seat, a first moving grid corresponding to the first positioning grid and a first driving mechanism for driving the first moving grid to move towards the first positioning grid are arranged on the positioning seat, a second moving grid corresponding to the second positioning grid and a second driving mechanism for driving the second moving grid to move towards the second positioning grid are further arranged on the positioning seat, and a positioning space is enclosed among the first positioning grid, the second positioning grid, the first moving grid and the second moving grid.
The signboard is placed in the positioning space, the first moving grid and the second moving grid are respectively driven to move through the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism, the distance between the first positioning grid and the first moving grid and the distance between the second positioning grid and the second moving grid are changed, the signboard with different sizes can be conveniently positioned, the signboard pasting positioning device is applicable to pasting positioning of various signboard with different sizes, the universality is realized, and the flexibility of signboard positioning is effectively improved.
Further, the inside locating rack that is equipped with of positioning seat, first actuating mechanism and second actuating mechanism all locate on the locating rack, set up the first groove of location that extends along the direction of the first locating grid of perpendicular to on the positioning seat, first actuating mechanism drive first removal grid removes in the first inslot of location, still set up the location second groove that extends along the direction of perpendicular to second locating grid on the positioning seat, second actuating mechanism drive second removes the grid and removes in the second inslot of location.
Further, first actuating mechanism is including fixing a position first power unit, location main chain wheel chain subassembly and location auxiliary chain wheel chain subassembly all set up along the direction of the first groove of location, fix a position first power unit and link to each other with location main chain wheel chain subassembly, location main chain wheel chain subassembly links to each other with location auxiliary chain wheel chain subassembly, first removal coral links firmly with the sprocket on the location auxiliary chain wheel chain subassembly.
The first power unit is positioned to drive the main chain wheel assembly to work and drive the auxiliary chain wheel assembly to work, so that the first moving fence is driven to move along the first positioning groove, and the distance between the first positioning fence and the first moving fence is changed.
Furthermore, location final drive sprocket chain subassembly is including the first driving shaft of location, location second driving shaft and location final drive chain, be equipped with the first driving sprocket of location on the first driving shaft of location, the first power pack of location links firmly with the first driving sprocket of location is coaxial, be equipped with the second driving sprocket of location on the second driving shaft of location, the both ends of location final drive chain link to each other with the first driving sprocket of location and the second driving sprocket of location respectively.
Further, the quantity of location auxiliary sprocket chain subassembly is two and the symmetry sets up the both sides at first removal coral, location auxiliary sprocket chain subassembly is including fixing a position first driven shaft, location second driven shaft and the vice driving chain in location, fix a position first driven shaft and fix a position the coaxial linking firmly of second driving shaft, be equipped with the first driven sprocket in location on the first driven shaft in location, be equipped with the second driven sprocket in location on the second driven shaft in location, the both ends of the vice driving chain in location link to each other with the first driven sprocket in location and the second driven sprocket in location respectively, the bottom of first removal coral is equipped with the location movable plate, the location movable plate links firmly with the vice driving chain in location.
The positioning first driven shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with the positioning second driving shaft, and the positioning second driving shaft simultaneously drives the positioning first driven shaft and the positioning second driven shaft to rotate, so that the positioning first driven chain wheel and the positioning second driven chain wheel drive the positioning pair transmission chain to work, the positioning moving plate and the first moving grate are driven to move along the positioning first groove, and the distance between the first positioning grate and the first moving grate is changed; the second driving mechanism and the first driving mechanism have the same structure and principle, and similarly, the distance between the second positioning grid and the second moving grid is changed through the second driving mechanism.
Furthermore, still be equipped with the location gib block on the locating rack, the direction in location first groove is followed to the location gib block and is extended, the location guide way has been seted up on the location gib block, the bottom of location movable plate is equipped with the location slider, the bottom sliding fit of location slider is in the location guide way. The positioning moving plate is supported by the positioning sliding block, the moving direction of the positioning moving plate is limited by the positioning sliding block, and the moving stability of the positioning moving plate in the positioning first groove is ensured.
The truss manipulator comprises a truss base, a truss moving seat is arranged on the truss base, a truss first moving mechanism is connected between the truss moving seat and the truss base and used for controlling linear movement of the truss moving seat on the horizontal plane, a truss grabbing frame is arranged on the truss moving seat, a truss sucking disc is arranged at the bottom of the truss grabbing frame, a second moving mechanism is connected between the truss grabbing frame and the truss moving seat, and the second moving mechanism is used for controlling longitudinal movement of the truss grabbing frame.
Further, the first moving mechanism of the traveling frame comprises a first servo motor of the traveling frame, a first bevel gear of the traveling frame, a first rack of the traveling frame and a first slide rail of the traveling frame, the first slide rail of the traveling frame is horizontally arranged on the base of the traveling frame, the moving base of the traveling frame is in sliding fit with the first slide rail of the traveling frame, the first servo motor of the traveling frame is fixedly connected to the moving base of the traveling frame, the first bevel gear of the traveling frame is coaxially and fixedly connected with an output shaft of the first servo motor of the traveling frame, the first rack of the traveling frame is parallel to the first slide rail of the traveling frame, and the first rack of the traveling frame is meshed with the first bevel gear of the traveling frame.
Further, the second moving mechanism comprises a second travelling rack servo motor, a second travelling rack bevel gear, a second travelling rack and a second travelling rack slide rail, the second travelling rack slide rail is vertically arranged on the second travelling rack grabbing rack, the second travelling rack moving seat is in sliding fit with the second travelling rack slide rail, the second travelling rack servo motor is fixedly connected to the second travelling rack grabbing rack, the second travelling rack bevel gear is coaxially and fixedly connected with an output shaft of the second travelling rack servo motor, the second travelling rack servo motor and the second travelling rack bevel gear are arranged on the second travelling rack moving seat, the second travelling rack is parallel to the second travelling rack slide rail, and the second travelling rack is meshed with the second travelling rack bevel gear.
Further, the bottom that the bank snatched the frame has the bank to place the post, the bank is placed the post and is evenly set up along the direction of the first moving mechanism of perpendicular to bank, the bottom that the column was placed to the bank is located to the bank sucking disc, the bottom that the bank snatched the frame is equipped with the bank strengthening rib.
The rotary platform comprises a base, a connecting seat is arranged on the base, a first linear moving mechanism is arranged between the connecting seat and the base, a rotary frame is arranged on the connecting seat, a second linear moving mechanism is arranged between the rotary frame and the connecting seat, the motion direction of the first linear moving mechanism is perpendicular to that of the second linear moving mechanism, and a placing platform is rotatably connected to the rotary frame.
The first linear moving mechanism comprises a first guide rail, a first servo motor, a first screw rod and a first sliding block, the first servo motor is fixedly connected to the base, an upper output shaft of the first servo motor is coaxially and fixedly connected with the first screw rod, the first sliding block is fixedly connected to the bottom of the connecting seat and in threaded connection with the first screw rod, the first guide rail is parallel to the first screw rod, and the bottom of the connecting seat is in sliding fit with the first guide rail.
Further, second rectilinear movement mechanism includes second guide rail, second servo motor, second lead screw and second slider, second servo motor links firmly on the connecting seat, the last output shaft of second servo motor links firmly with the second lead screw is coaxial, the second slider links firmly in the bottom of swivel mount and with second lead screw threaded connection, the second guide rail is parallel with the second lead screw, the second guide rail is perpendicular with first guide rail, the bottom and the second guide rail sliding fit of swivel mount.
Furthermore, the bottom of placing the platform has linked firmly the column spinner, the column spinner rotates to be connected on the swivel mount, the coaxial rotatory first gear that is equipped with on the column spinner, be equipped with third servo motor on the swivel mount, the last output shaft of third servo motor has rotatory second gear, rotatory first gear and the meshing of rotatory second gear.
Furthermore, a rotary exhaust pipe is arranged on the rotary frame, a rotary exhaust hole is formed in the top surface of the placing table, and the top end of the rotary exhaust pipe is communicated to the rotary exhaust hole.
Furthermore, wheels are arranged on the periphery of the bottom of the base.
The fixture comprises a fixture underframe, wherein two fixture limiting parts are symmetrically arranged on the fixture underframe, a fixture moving member is arranged between the fixture limiting parts and the fixture underframe, and the fixture moving member is used for driving the fixture limiting parts to move along X and Y axes.
The fixture moving piece is used for driving the two fixture limiting parts to synchronously move along the X axis and the Y axis respectively, the position of the workpiece is fixed, then the workpiece is returned along the X axis and the Y axis, the clamping stability of the workpiece is guaranteed, the machining effect is good, the machining quality of the workpiece is improved, and the machining cost is reduced.
Furthermore, the top end of the clamp limiting part is fixedly connected with a clamp positioning upper claw, the bottom of the clamp limiting part is provided with a clamp lifting cylinder, the output end of the clamp lifting cylinder is connected with a clamp positioning lower claw opposite to the clamp positioning upper claw, and the clamp lifting cylinder longitudinally stretches.
Further, the anchor clamps moving member includes anchor clamps first guide rail, anchor clamps second guide rail and anchor clamps driving piece, the first guide rail of anchor clamps links firmly on the anchor clamps chassis and extends along the X axle, one of them anchor clamps locating part sliding connection is on the first guide rail of one of them anchor clamps, anchor clamps second guide rail sliding connection is on another anchor clamps first guide rail, the anchor clamps second guide rail extends along the Y axle, another anchor clamps locating part sliding connection is on this anchor clamps second guide rail, the anchor clamps driving piece is located on the anchor clamps second guide rail and is driven this anchor clamps locating part and remove along the Y axle.
The fixture limiting part slides along the first guide rail of the fixture, is adjusted in the X-axis direction and is aligned with the position of a workpiece, and then the fixture limiting part positioned on the second guide rail of the fixture is driven to move along the Y-axis by the fixture driving part, so that the workpiece is effectively fixed.
Further, the anchor clamps driving piece includes anchor clamps driving seat and anchor clamps drive electric jar, the anchor clamps locating part links firmly on the anchor clamps driving seat, the electric jar links firmly in anchor clamps driving seat bottom, the output and the anchor clamps second guide rail of anchor clamps drive electric jar link to each other. The electric cylinder is driven by the clamp to drive the clamp limiting part to move along the Y axis.
And furthermore, the first guide rail of the clamp is provided with a clamp guide rail electric cylinder, one of the clamp guide rail electric cylinders is fixedly connected with the clamp limiting part, and the other clamp guide rail electric cylinder is fixedly connected with the second guide rail of the clamp. And the electric cylinder of the clamp guide rail is used for controlling the movement of the clamp limiting part along the X axis.
Furthermore, a visual detector is arranged on the cutting device.
Should treat that to promote the preferred aluminum plate of work piece, put aluminum plate on rotary platform, detect the aluminum plate size through the visual detector, joint rotary platform control aluminum plate's rotation, until this four sides all aligns, then by conveyor centre gripping aluminum plate and make it remove to cutting device, see off by the branch mechanism after cutting device cutting, can once only effectively cut aluminum plate's four sides, then see off through the branch mechanism, effectively reduce the manpower, show improvement production efficiency.
The punching and shearing mechanism comprises a punching and shearing machine frame, a punching and shearing feeding device, a punching and shearing positioning platform, a punching device and a plate shearing device, wherein the punching and shearing feeding device, the punching and shearing positioning platform, the punching device and the plate shearing device are arranged on the punching and shearing machine frame; when the punching and shearing machine is used, a material is placed on the punching and shearing positioning platform for positioning, and the punching and shearing feeding device moves the material to sequentially pass through the punching device and the plate shearing device so as to realize punching and plate shearing of the material.
Furthermore, the punching shear feeding device comprises a feeding clamping component and a feeding driving component for driving the feeding clamping component to move along the punching shear positioning platform; the feeding clamping assembly comprises a clamping finger cylinder and a clamping block connected with fingers of the clamping finger cylinder; the feeding driving assembly adopts a first synchronous belt mechanism, the feeding clamping assembly is in driving connection with the first synchronous belt mechanism, and the first synchronous belt mechanism extends to the plate shearing device.
Furthermore, the punching and shearing positioning platform comprises a first positioning platform, a second positioning platform arranged in parallel with the first positioning platform and a positioning adjusting mechanism for adjusting the widths of the first positioning platform and the second positioning platform after the first positioning platform and the second positioning platform are arranged in parallel, and a feeding channel for allowing the feeding clamping assembly to pass through is arranged between the first positioning platform and the second positioning platform;
the first positioning platform and the second positioning platform respectively comprise a bearing plate, an edge stop block connected with the bearing plate and a plurality of positioning blocks arranged on the inner side of the edge stop block; the side stop block is connected with the punching and shearing machine frame in a sliding way by adopting a sliding rail and a sliding sleeve;
the positioning adjusting mechanism comprises an adjusting screw rod with double threads and a motor for driving the adjusting screw rod to rotate, the edge blocking block is provided with an adjusting connecting block, and the adjusting screw rod is connected with the adjusting connecting block through a nut.
Furthermore, the punching device comprises a first punching die and a second punching die arranged in parallel with the first punching die; the first punching die and the second punching die respectively comprise a punching die holder, a punching die frame, a punching die holder driving mechanism, a punch mechanism and a punch driving mechanism, wherein the punching die frame is arranged on the punching die holder in a sliding mode, the punching die holder driving mechanism is used for driving the punching die frame to transversely move on the punching die holder, the punch mechanism is arranged on the punching die frame in a sliding mode, and the punch driving mechanism is used for driving the punch mechanism to longitudinally move on the punching die frame.
Furthermore, the plate shearing device comprises a plate shearing mounting seat, a cutter mechanism arranged on the plate shearing mounting seat in a sliding manner, and a plate shearing transfer driving mechanism for driving the cutter mechanism to move along the length direction of the plate shearing mounting seat;
the feed end of the cutter mechanism is provided with a guide plate for guiding the material to the cutter for plate cutting.
Furthermore, the punching and shearing mechanism further comprises a second synchronous belt mechanism and an identification device, wherein the feeding end of the second synchronous belt mechanism is positioned at the discharging end of the plate shearing device, and the identification device is positioned at the discharging end of the second synchronous belt mechanism.
Further, the punching and shearing mechanism also comprises a branching device; the punching and shearing feeding device, the punching and shearing positioning platform, the punching device, the plate shearing device, the recognition device and the second synchronous belt mechanism are arranged in parallel to form two punching and shearing lines, and the two punching and shearing lines are distributed on two sides of the discharging end of the direction dividing device in parallel.
Furthermore, the branch device comprises a branch taking mechanism, a branch rotary driving mechanism for driving the branch taking mechanism to rotate and a branch moving driving mechanism for driving the branch taking mechanism to move, the branch rotary driving mechanism is in driving connection with the branch moving driving mechanism, and the branch taking mechanism is in driving connection with the branch rotary driving mechanism.
Furthermore, divide to rotary driving mechanism including connect in branch to the rotary mounting seat of moving driving mechanism, install in the branch of rotary mounting seat to the pivot, with divide to the one end of pivot be connected divide to the connecting block and install in the branch of rotary mounting seat to the cylinder, divide to the piston rod of cylinder and be connected to the connecting block, divide to the extracting mechanism and be connected to the other end of pivot to the branch.
Furthermore, the punching and shearing mechanism also comprises a sorting device, and the sorting device is arranged at the discharge end of the second synchronous belt mechanism; the sorting device comprises sorting suckers, a sorting driving mechanism used for driving the sorting suckers to move and a plurality of material placing boxes used for placing materials.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the automatic edge trimming machine integrates automatic feeding, automatic positioning, visual edge recognition, automatic edge trimming, automatic strip shearing, automatic punching and shearing, automatic sorting and other automatic processing, greatly improves the production efficiency, easily enlarges the capacity, reduces the labor cost, ensures the consistency of the product quality and meets the production requirement.
2. The signboard is placed into the positioning space, the first moving grid and the second moving grid are driven to move through the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism respectively, the distance between the first positioning grid and the first moving grid is changed, the distance between the second positioning grid and the second moving grid is changed, the signboard with different sizes can be conveniently positioned, the signboard can be suitable for the pasting positioning of various signboard with different sizes, the universality is realized, and the flexibility of signboard positioning is effectively improved.
3. Drive the capable frame through the first moving mechanism of capable frame and remove a horizontal seat rectilinear motion, change the position in its horizontal plane, then change the vertical height that the capable frame snatched the frame through second moving mechanism, be convenient for adjust according to the material position of reality, it is accurate to adjust, then be connected the capable frame sucking disc with vacuum generator, absorb panel and put corresponding locating platform through the capable frame sucking disc, do benefit to and avoid the material damage, the material has been protected effectively, the transfer and the transport of material are convenient.
4. Through the combination of the first linear moving mechanism and the second linear moving mechanism, the horizontal position of the rotating frame can be changed at will, the applicability is strong, and the horizontal movement is convenient to realize.
5. The third servo motor is driven to drive the placing table to rotate, the placing of workpieces on the placing table is adjusted according to actual processing requirements, the first linear moving mechanism and the second linear moving mechanism are combined, the rotating precision is high, the applicability is high, horizontal moving is convenient to achieve, and any horizontal placing angle is met.
6. Owing to be equipped with rotatory exhaust tube and rotatory exhaust hole, with the external vacuum air exhaust device of rotatory exhaust tube, aluminum plate puts and places the platform after, aluminum plate covers rotatory exhaust hole, vacuum air exhaust device opens, extract the air of aluminum plate bottom through rotatory exhaust hole and rotatory exhaust tube, make it form the negative pressure, thereby hold aluminum plate, unite through first rectilinear movement mechanism and second rectilinear movement mechanism, drive the swivel mount and remove along X axle and Y axle, the adjustment aluminum plate position, it is rotatory under third servo motor's drive to place the platform, process aluminum plate, place the platform and return the original point, vacuum air exhaust device closes, the negative pressure of aluminum plate bottom is relieved, the subsequent handling of being convenient for.
7. The fixture moving piece is used for driving the two fixture limiting parts to synchronously move along the X axis and the Y axis respectively, the position of the workpiece is fixed, then the workpiece is returned along the X axis and the Y axis, the clamping stability of the workpiece is guaranteed, the machining effect is good, the machining quality of the workpiece is improved, and the machining cost is reduced.
8. The fixture limiting part slides along the first fixture guide rail, is adjusted in the X-axis direction and is aligned to the position of a workpiece, and then the fixture limiting part on the second fixture guide rail is driven by the fixture driving part to move along the Y-axis direction, so that the workpiece is effectively fixed.
9. Should treat that to promote the preferred aluminum plate of work piece, put aluminum plate on rotary platform, detect aluminum plate size through visual detector, jointly rotary platform control aluminum plate's rotation, until this four sides all align, then by conveyor centre gripping aluminum plate and make it remove to cutting device, see off by the branch mechanism after the cutting device cutting, can once only effectively cut aluminum plate's four sides, then see off through the branch mechanism, effectively reduce the manpower, show improvement production efficiency.
10. The feeding length of the punching and shearing feeding device penetrates to the discharging end of the plate shearing device, the sheet is placed on the punching and shearing positioning platform, the punching and shearing positioning platform positions the sheet, the punching and shearing feeding device drives the sheet to move to the punching device, the punching device punches holes in the sheet, the punching and shearing feeding device continues to drive the sheet to move to the plate shearing device, and the plate shearing device cuts the sheet into plates with required sizes, so that the sheet is automatically processed, and the signboard can be manufactured conveniently. The automatic sheet punching machine disclosed by the invention can be used for carrying out automatic processing such as feeding, punching and cutting on sheets, so that the production efficiency is greatly improved, the productivity is easy to expand, the labor cost is reduced, and the consistency of the product quality is realized so as to meet the production requirements.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a full-automatic signboard production line;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a positioning stage;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of an assembled configuration of the first and second drive mechanisms;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a first driving mechanism;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a positioning guide bar;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the present gantry robot;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a first moving mechanism of the traveling frame;
FIG. 8 is a partial schematic view of a gantry robot;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a rotary platform;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a clip limiting member;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the cutting device;
FIG. 12 is a perspective view of the punching and shearing mechanism;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the three-dimensional structure of the punching shear feeding device and the punching shear positioning platform of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 13;
FIG. 15 is a schematic perspective view of a punching apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a schematic perspective view of another punching apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a schematic perspective view of a plate shearing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 18 is a schematic perspective view of a diverter of the present invention;
FIG. 19 is a schematic partial perspective view of a diverter of the present invention;
FIG. 20 is a perspective view of the rotary platform; description of reference numerals:
100. positioning seats; 1001. a positioning frame; 101. a first positioning grid; 1011. a first moving gate; 102. a second locating grid; 1021. a second moving gate; 103. positioning the first slot; 104. positioning the second slot; 105. positioning a first power unit; 106. positioning the main sprocket chain assembly; 1061. positioning the first driving shaft; 1062. positioning the second driving shaft; 1063. positioning the main transmission chain; 1064. positioning a first drive sprocket; 1065. positioning a second drive sprocket; 107. positioning the auxiliary chain wheel and chain assembly; 1071. positioning a first driven shaft; 1072. positioning a second driven shaft; 1073. positioning the auxiliary transmission chain; 1074. positioning the first driven sprocket; 1075. positioning a second driven sprocket; 108. positioning the moving plate; 109. positioning the guide strip; 110. a positioning guide groove; 111. positioning the sliding block;
200. a traveling rack base; 201. a traveling rack moving seat; 202. a first moving mechanism of the travelling frame; 2021. a first servo motor of the traveling frame; 2022. a first bevel gear of the travelling frame; 2023. a first rack of the truss; 2024. a first slide rail of the traveling frame; 203. a truss grabbing frame; 204. a travelling rack sucker; 2041. a traveling frame second servo motor; 2042. a traveling frame second bevel gear; 2043. a second rack of the travelling frame; 2044. a second slide rail of the truss; 205. a truss placing column; 206. a truss reinforcing rib;
300. a base; 301. a connecting seat; 302. a first linear moving mechanism; 3021. a first guide rail; 3022. a first servo motor; 3023. a first lead screw; 3024. a first slider; 303. a rotating frame; 304. a second linear movement mechanism; 3041. a second guide rail; 3042. a second servo motor; 3043. a second lead screw; 3044. a second slider; 305. a placing table; 306. a spin column; 307. a third servo motor; 308. rotating the exhaust tube; 309. rotating the air extraction hole; 310. a wheel;
500. a fixture base frame; 501. a clamp limiting piece; 502. a jig moving member; 5021. a clamp first guide rail; 5022. a clamp second guide rail; 5023. a clamp driving member; 50231. a clamp driving seat; 50232. the clamp drives the electric cylinder; 503. positioning an upper claw by a clamp; 504. a clamp lifting cylinder; 505. the clamp positions the lower jaw; 506. a clamp guide rail electric cylinder;
600. a vision detector; 601. a cutting device;
71. a punching and shearing machine frame; 701. a sheet; 72. a punching shear feeding device; 721. a feeding clamping assembly; 7211. clamping the finger cylinder; 7212. a clamping block; 722. a feed drive assembly; 7221. a first synchronous belt mechanism; 73. punching and shearing a positioning platform; 731. a first positioning platform; 732. a second positioning stage; 733. a positioning adjustment mechanism; 7331. adjusting the screw rod; 734. a carrier plate; 735. an edge stop block; 736. positioning a block; 737. adjusting the connecting block; 738. a feed channel; 74. a punching device; 741. a first punching die; 742. a second punching die; 743. a punching die holder; 744. a punching die frame; 745. a punching die holder driving mechanism; 746. a punch mechanism; 747. a punch driving mechanism; 75. a plate shearing device; 751. a plate shearing mounting base; 752. a cutter mechanism; 753. a plate shearing transfer driving mechanism; 754. a guide plate; 76. an identification device; 77. a branching device; 771. a material distributing and taking mechanism; 772. a direction-dividing rotation driving mechanism; 7721. rotating the mounting seat; 7722. a direction-dividing rotating shaft; 7723. direction division connecting blocks; 7724. a branch cylinder; 773. a direction-dividing movement driving mechanism; 78. a second synchronous belt mechanism; 79. a sorting device; 791. sorting a sucker; 792. a sorting drive mechanism; 793. and a material discharging box.
Detailed Description
In order to facilitate understanding of those skilled in the art, the present invention is further described below with reference to the following examples and the accompanying drawings, which are not intended to limit the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 20, a full-automatic signboard production line is characterized by comprising a positioning platform, a truss manipulator, a rotating platform, a cutting device, a punching and shearing mechanism and a sorting device.
As shown in fig. 2-4, in the present embodiment, the positioning platform includes a positioning seat 100, a first positioning gate 101 and a second positioning gate 102 are disposed on the positioning seat 100, the positioning seat 100 is disposed with a first moving gate 1011 corresponding to the first positioning gate 101 and a first driving mechanism for driving the first moving gate 1011 to move toward the first positioning gate 101, the positioning seat 100 is further disposed with a second moving gate 1021 corresponding to the second positioning gate 102 and a second driving mechanism for driving the second moving gate 1021 to move toward the second positioning gate 102, and a positioning space is defined between the first positioning gate 101, the second positioning gate 102, the first moving gate 1011 and the second moving gate 1021.
As shown in fig. 1-4, the signboard is placed in the positioning space, the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism respectively drive the first moving grid 1011 and the second moving grid 1021 to move, so as to change the distance between the first positioning grid 101 and the first moving grid 1011 and the distance between the second positioning grid 102 and the second moving grid 1021, thereby facilitating the positioning of signboards with different sizes, being applicable to the pasting and positioning of signboards with different sizes, having universality and effectively improving the flexibility of the positioning of the signboards.
In this embodiment, a positioning frame 1001 is disposed inside the positioning seat 100, the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism are disposed on the positioning frame 1001, a first positioning groove 103 extending along a direction perpendicular to the first positioning grid 101 is disposed on the positioning seat 100, the first driving mechanism drives the first moving grid 1011 to move in the first positioning groove 103, a second positioning groove 104 extending along a direction perpendicular to the second positioning grid 102 is further disposed on the positioning seat 100, and the second driving mechanism drives the second moving grid 1021 to move in the second positioning groove 104.
As shown in fig. 3, in the present embodiment, the first driving mechanism includes a positioning first power unit 105, a positioning main sprocket chain assembly 106 and a positioning auxiliary sprocket chain assembly 107, the positioning main sprocket chain assembly 106 and the positioning auxiliary sprocket chain assembly 107 are both disposed along the direction of the positioning first slot 103, the positioning first power unit 105 is connected to the positioning main sprocket chain assembly 106, the positioning main sprocket chain assembly 106 is connected to the positioning auxiliary sprocket chain assembly 107, and the first moving gate 1011 is fixedly connected to a sprocket of the positioning auxiliary sprocket chain assembly 107.
The first power unit 105 is positioned as a servo motor, and the first power unit 105 is positioned to drive the main sprocket assembly to work and drive the positioning auxiliary sprocket chain assembly 107 to work, so that the first moving grid 1011 is driven to move along the first positioning groove 103, and the distance between the first positioning grid 101 and the first moving grid 1011 is changed.
As shown in fig. 4, in this embodiment, the positioning main sprocket chain assembly 106 includes a positioning first driving shaft 1061, a positioning second driving shaft 1062 and a positioning main driving chain 1063, the positioning first driving shaft 1061 is provided with a positioning first driving sprocket 1064, the positioning first power unit 105 is coaxially and fixedly connected to the positioning first driving sprocket 1064, the positioning second driving shaft 1062 is provided with a positioning second driving sprocket 1065, and two ends of the positioning main driving chain 1063 are respectively connected to the positioning first driving sprocket 1064 and the positioning second driving sprocket 1065.
As shown in fig. 2-4, in this embodiment, the number of the positioning auxiliary sprocket chain assemblies 107 is two, and the positioning auxiliary sprocket chain assemblies 107 are symmetrically disposed on two sides of the first moving grate 1011, each positioning auxiliary sprocket chain assembly 107 includes a positioning first driven shaft 1071, a positioning second driven shaft 1072, and a positioning auxiliary transmission chain 1073, the positioning first driven shaft 1071 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the positioning second driving shaft 1062, the positioning first driven shaft 1071 is provided with a positioning first driven sprocket 1074, the positioning second driven shaft 1072 is provided with a positioning second driven sprocket 1075, two ends of the positioning auxiliary transmission chain 1073 are respectively connected with the positioning first driven sprocket 1074 and the positioning second driven sprocket 1075, the bottom of the first moving grate 1011 is provided with a positioning moving plate 108, and the positioning moving plate 108 is fixedly connected with the positioning auxiliary transmission chain 1073.
Because the positioning first driven shaft 1071 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the positioning second driving shaft 1062, the positioning second driving shaft 1062 simultaneously drives the positioning first driven shaft 1071 and the positioning second driven shaft 1072 to rotate, so that the positioning auxiliary transmission chain 1073 is driven to work by the positioning first driven chain wheel 1074 and the positioning second driven chain wheel 1075, the positioning moving plate 108 and the first moving grid 1011 are driven to move along the positioning first groove 103, and the distance between the first positioning grid 101 and the first moving grid 1011 is changed; the second driving mechanism has the same structure and principle as the first driving mechanism, and similarly, the distance between the second positioning grid 102 and the second moving grid 1021 is changed by the second driving mechanism.
As shown in fig. 5, in this embodiment, the positioning frame 1001 is further provided with a positioning guide bar 109, the positioning guide bar 109 extends along the direction of the positioning first groove 103, the positioning guide bar 109 is provided with a positioning guide groove 110, the bottom of the positioning moving plate 108 is provided with a positioning slider 111, and the bottom end of the positioning slider 111 is slidably fitted in the positioning guide groove 110. The positioning moving plate 108 is supported by the positioning slider 111, and the moving direction of the positioning moving plate 108 is limited by the positioning slider 111, so that the moving stability of the positioning moving plate in the positioning first groove 103 is ensured.
As shown in fig. 6 and 20, in this embodiment, the rack robot includes a rack base 200, a rack moving seat 201 is disposed on the rack base 200, a rack first moving mechanism 202 is connected between the rack moving seat 201 and the rack base 200, the rack first moving mechanism 202 is used for controlling the linear movement of the rack moving seat 201 on a horizontal plane, a rack grabbing frame 203 is disposed on the rack moving seat 201, a rack suction cup 204 is disposed at the bottom of the rack grabbing frame 203, a second moving mechanism is connected between the rack grabbing frame 203 and the rack moving seat 201, and the second moving mechanism is used for controlling the longitudinal movement of the rack grabbing frame 203.
As shown in fig. 6-8 and 20, the first moving mechanism 202 of the row frame drives the row frame moving seat 201 to move linearly to change the position in the horizontal plane, and then the vertical height of the row frame grabbing frame 203 is changed through the second moving mechanism, so that the adjustment can be conveniently carried out according to the actual material position, the adjustment is accurate, then the row frame sucker 204 is connected with a vacuum generator, the plate is sucked through the row frame sucker 204 and placed on a corresponding positioning platform, the damage to the material is avoided, the material is effectively protected, and the material is convenient to transfer and convey.
As shown in fig. 7 and 20, in this embodiment, the first moving mechanism 202 of the column includes a first servo motor 2021 of the column, a first bevel gear 2022 of the column, a first rack 2023 of the column, and a first slide rail 2024 of the column, the first slide rail 2024 of the column is horizontally disposed on the base 200 of the column, the moving seat 201 of the column is slidably fitted on the first slide rail 2024 of the column, the first servo motor 2021 of the column is fixedly connected to the moving seat 201 of the column, the first bevel gear 2022 of the column is coaxially and fixedly connected to an output shaft of the first servo motor 2021 of the column, the first rack 2023 of the column is parallel to the first slide rail 2024 of the column, and the first rack 2023 of the column is engaged with the first bevel gear 2022 of the column. Under the meshing action of the first rack 2023 of the travelling frame and the first bevel gear 2022 of the travelling frame, the first servo motor 2021 of the travelling frame is driven to drive the horizontal seat of the travelling frame moving seat 201 to move linearly, so that the horizontal position of the travelling frame grabbing frame 203 can be changed conveniently.
As shown in fig. 8 and 20, in this embodiment, the second moving mechanism includes a second rack servo motor 2041, a second rack bevel gear 2042, a second rack 2043 and a second rack slide rail 2044, the second rack slide rail 2044 is vertically disposed on the second rack grabbing frame 203, the rack moving seat 201 is in sliding fit with the second rack slide rail 2044, the second rack servo motor 2041 is fixedly connected to the second rack grabbing frame 203, the second rack bevel gear 2042 is coaxially and fixedly connected to an output shaft of the second rack servo motor 2041, the second rack servo motor 2041 and the second rack bevel gear 2042 are disposed on the rack moving seat 201, the second rack bevel gear 2043 is parallel to the second rack slide rail 2044, and the second rack gear 2043 is engaged with the second rack bevel gear 2042. Under the meshing action of the second rack 2043 and the second bevel gear 2042, the second servo motor 2041 is driven to drive the gripping rack 203 to move longitudinally, so that the longitudinal height of the gripping rack 203 can be changed conveniently.
As shown in fig. 8 and 20, in the present embodiment, the bottom end of the row frame grabbing frame 203 is provided with row frame placing columns 205, the row frame placing columns 205 are uniformly arranged along a direction perpendicular to the row frame first moving mechanism 202, and the row frame suction cups 204 are arranged at the bottom of the row frame placing columns 205. The number of the row frame suckers 204 is increased, and the grabbing range of the row frame suckers 204 is effectively improved.
As shown in fig. 6, in this embodiment, a bottom end of the truss grabbing frame 203 is provided with a truss reinforcing rib 206, which is convenient for improving the installation stability of the truss grabbing frame 203.
As shown in fig. 9, in this embodiment, the rotating platform includes a base 300, a connecting seat 301 is disposed on the base 300, a first linear moving mechanism 302 is disposed between the connecting seat 301 and the base 300, a rotating frame 303 is disposed on the connecting seat 301, a second linear moving mechanism 304 is disposed between the rotating frame 303 and the connecting seat 301, the first linear moving mechanism 302 and the second linear moving mechanism 304 have a vertical moving direction, and a placing platform 305 is rotatably connected to the rotating frame 303.
Through the combination of the first linear moving mechanism 302 and the second linear moving mechanism 304, the horizontal position of the rotating frame 303 can be changed at will, the applicability is strong, and the horizontal movement is convenient to realize.
In this embodiment, the first linear moving mechanism 302 includes a first guide rail 3021, a first servo motor 3022, a first screw rod 3023, and a first slider 3024, the first servo motor 3022 is fixedly connected to the base 300, an output shaft of the first servo motor 3022 is coaxially and fixedly connected to the first screw rod 3023, the first slider 3024 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the connecting seat 301 and is in threaded connection with the first screw rod 3023, the first guide rail 3021 is parallel to the first screw rod 3023, and the bottom of the connecting seat 301 is in sliding fit with the first guide rail 3021. The first screw rod 3023 is driven to rotate by the first servo motor 3022, and under the action of the first slider 3024 and the first screw rod 3023, the first slider 3024 and the connecting seat 301 are driven to move along the moving direction of the first linear moving mechanism 302, so that the connecting seat 301 is moved.
In this embodiment, the second linear moving mechanism 304 includes a second guide rail 3041, a second servo motor 3042, a second lead screw 3043 and a second slider 3044, the second servo motor 3042 is fixedly connected to the connecting base 301, an output shaft of the second servo motor 3042 is coaxially and fixedly connected to the second lead screw 3043, the second slider 3044 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the rotating frame 303 and is in threaded connection with the second lead screw 3043, the second guide rail 3041 is parallel to the second lead screw 3043, the second guide rail 3041 is perpendicular to the first guide rail 3021, and the bottom of the rotating frame 303 is in sliding fit with the second guide rail 3041. The second screw 3043 is driven by the second servo motor 3042 to rotate, and under the action of the second slider 3044 and the second screw 3043, the second slider 3044 and the rotating frame 303 are driven to move along the moving direction of the second linear moving mechanism 304, so as to move the rotating frame 303, and thus the rotating frame 303 can move freely in the horizontal plane.
As shown in fig. 9, in this embodiment, a rotary column 306 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the placing table 305, the rotary column 306 is rotatably connected to the rotary frame 303, a first rotary gear is coaxially arranged on the rotary column 306, a third servo motor 307 is arranged on the rotary frame 303, an output shaft of the third servo motor 307 is connected to a second rotary gear, and the first rotary gear is engaged with the second rotary gear.
As shown in fig. 9, the third servo motor 307 is driven to drive the placing table 305 to rotate, so that the placing of the aluminum plates on the placing table 305 can be adjusted according to actual processing requirements, the first linear moving mechanism 302 and the second linear moving mechanism 304 are combined to achieve high rotation precision and strong applicability, horizontal movement can be achieved conveniently, and any horizontal placing angle can be met.
In this embodiment, the rotary frame 303 is provided with a rotary air pumping pipe 308, the top surface of the placing table 305 is provided with a rotary air pumping hole 309, and the top end of the rotary air pumping pipe 308 is communicated with the rotary air pumping hole 309.
As shown in fig. 9-10, a vacuum pumping device is externally connected to the rotary pumping tube 308, after the aluminum plate is placed on the placing table 305, the aluminum plate covers the rotary pumping hole 309, the vacuum pumping device is opened, air at the bottom of the aluminum plate is pumped through the rotary pumping hole 309 and the rotary pumping tube 308 to form negative pressure, so that the aluminum plate is sucked, the first linear moving mechanism 302 and the second linear moving mechanism 304 are combined to drive the rotating frame 303 to move along the X axis and the Y axis, the position of the aluminum plate is adjusted, the placing table 305 is driven by the third servo motor 307 to rotate, the aluminum plate is machined, the placing table 305 is returned to the original point, the vacuum pumping device is closed, the negative pressure at the bottom of the aluminum plate is released, and subsequent treatment is facilitated. In this embodiment, the wheels 310 are disposed around the bottom of the base 300, so as to facilitate the movement of the base 300.
As shown in fig. 9-10, in this embodiment, the fixture further includes a fixture bottom frame 500, two fixture position-limiting members 501 are symmetrically disposed on the fixture bottom frame 500, a fixture moving member 502 is disposed between the fixture position-limiting members 501 and the fixture bottom frame 500, and the fixture moving member 502 is used for driving the fixture position-limiting members 501 to move along the X and Y axes.
The two clamp limiting parts 501 are driven by the clamp moving part 502 to move along the X axis and the Y axis synchronously, the position of the workpiece is fixed, and then the workpiece returns along the X axis and the Y axis, so that the clamping stability of the workpiece is guaranteed, the machining effect is good, the machining quality of the workpiece is improved, and the machining cost is reduced.
The top end of the clamp limiting piece 501 is fixedly connected with a clamp positioning upper claw 503, the bottom of the clamp limiting piece 501 is provided with a clamp lifting cylinder 504, the output end of the clamp lifting cylinder 504 is connected with a clamp positioning lower claw 505 opposite to the clamp positioning upper claw 503, and the clamp lifting cylinder 504 longitudinally stretches.
The fixture positioning upper claw 503 is driven by the fixture lifting cylinder 504 to move back and forth between two points along the vertical direction, when the fixture positioning upper claw 503 is positioned at the top end position, a workpiece is clamped, the clamping stability is strong, and the two fixture limiting pieces 501 are driven by the fixture moving piece 502 to synchronously move along the X axis and the Y axis respectively; when the upper positioning claw 503 of the fixture is located at the bottom position, the fixture limiting member 501 returns, so that the processing quality of the workpiece is improved, and the processing cost is reduced.
As shown in fig. 9-10, the clamp moving member 502 includes a first clamp guide rail 5021, a second clamp guide rail 5022, and a clamp driving member 5023, wherein the first clamp guide rail 5021 is fixedly connected to the clamp chassis 500 and extends along the X-axis, one of the clamp stoppers 501 is slidably connected to one of the first clamp guide rails 5021, the second clamp guide rail 5022 is slidably connected to the other first clamp guide rail 5021, the second clamp guide rail 5022 extends along the Y-axis, the other clamp stopper 501 is slidably connected to the second clamp guide rail 5022, and the clamp driving member 5023 is disposed on the second clamp guide rail 5022 and drives the clamp stopper 501 to move along the Y-axis.
Slide anchor clamps locating part 501 along anchor clamps first guide rail 5021, adjust in the X axle direction, aim at the work piece position, then drive anchor clamps locating part 501 that is located on anchor clamps second guide rail 5022 through anchor clamps driving piece 5023 and remove along the Y axle, effectively fix the work piece.
The clamp driving piece 5023 comprises a clamp driving seat 50231 and a clamp driving electric cylinder 50232, the clamp limiting piece 501 is fixedly connected to the clamp driving seat 50231, the electric cylinder is fixedly connected to the bottom of the clamp driving seat 50231, and the output end of the clamp driving electric cylinder 50232 is connected with a second clamp guide rail 5022. The electric cylinder 50232 is driven by the clamp to drive the clamp limiting piece 501 to move along the Y axis.
The first clamp guide rail 5021 is provided with the electric clamp guide rail cylinders 506, one of the electric clamp guide rail cylinders 506 is fixedly connected with the clamp limiting part 501, and the other electric clamp guide rail cylinder 506 is fixedly connected with the second clamp guide rail 5022. The movement of the clamp stop 501 along the X-axis is controlled by a clamp rail cylinder 506.
As shown in fig. 9 to 11, the workpiece to be lifted is preferably an aluminum plate, the aluminum plate is placed on a rotary platform, the size of the aluminum plate is detected by a visual detector 600, the rotary platform is combined to control the rotation of the aluminum plate until the four sides of the aluminum plate are aligned, then the aluminum plate is clamped by a conveying device and moved to a cutting device 601, the aluminum plate is cut by the cutting device 601 and then is sent out by a direction dividing mechanism, the four sides of the aluminum plate can be effectively cut at one time, then the aluminum plate is sent out by the direction dividing mechanism, manpower is effectively reduced, and production efficiency is remarkably improved.
Referring to fig. 12 to 19, the present embodiment provides a punching and shearing mechanism, which includes a punching and shearing frame 71, a punching and shearing feeding device 72 disposed on the punching and shearing frame 71, a punching and shearing positioning platform 73, a punching device 74, and a plate shearing device 75; when the punching and shearing machine is used, materials are placed on the punching and shearing positioning platform 73 for positioning, and the punching and shearing feeding device 72 moves the materials to sequentially pass through the punching device 74 and the plate shearing device 75 so as to realize punching and plate shearing of the materials. As shown in fig. 1 and 4, in this embodiment, the material is a sheet 701, a feeding length of the punching and shearing feeding device 72 penetrates through a discharging end of the plate shearing device 75, the sheet 701 is placed on the punching and shearing positioning platform 73, the punching and shearing positioning platform 73 positions the sheet 701, the punching and shearing feeding device 72 drives the sheet 701 to move to the punching device 74, the punching device 74 punches a hole in the sheet 701, the punching and shearing feeding device 72 continues to drive the sheet 701 to move to the plate shearing device 75, and the plate shearing device 75 cuts the sheet 701 into a plate with a required size, so that the sheet 701 is automatically processed to manufacture the signboard. According to the invention, automatic processing such as feeding, punching and cutting is carried out on the sheet 701, so that the production efficiency is greatly improved, the productivity is easy to expand, the labor cost is reduced, and the consistency of the product quality is realized so as to meet the production requirement.
As shown in fig. 12, fig. 13 and fig. 14, in the present embodiment, the punching shear feeding device 72 includes a feeding clamping assembly 721 and a feeding driving assembly 722 for driving the feeding clamping assembly 721 to move along the punching shear positioning platform 73; the feeding clamping assembly 721 is used for clamping the sheet 701, and the feeding driving assembly 722 is used for driving the feeding clamping assembly 721 and the sheet 701 to move so as to realize reliable feeding. Specifically, the feeding clamping assembly 721 comprises a clamping finger cylinder 7211 and a clamping block 7212 connected with fingers of the clamping finger cylinder 7211, and is convenient to control and reliable in material clamping; the feeding driving assembly 722 adopts a first synchronous belt mechanism 7221, the feeding clamping assembly 721 is in driving connection with the first synchronous belt mechanism 7221, and the first synchronous belt mechanism 7221 extends to the discharge end of the plate shearing device 75. The first timing belt mechanism 7221 transmits smoothly, and can satisfy long-distance transmission.
As shown in fig. 12 and 13, the punching and shearing positioning platform 73 includes a first positioning platform 731, a second positioning platform 732 arranged in parallel with the first positioning platform 731, and a positioning adjustment mechanism 733 for adjusting the widths of the first positioning platform 731 and the second positioning platform 732 after being arranged in parallel, and a feeding channel 738 for allowing the feeding and clamping assembly 721 to pass through is arranged between the first positioning platform 731 and the second positioning platform 732;
specifically, the first positioning platform 731 and the second positioning platform 732 each include a carrier plate 734, a side stopper 735 connected to the carrier plate 734, and a plurality of positioning blocks 736 disposed inside the side stopper 735; the side stop block 735 is in sliding connection with the punching and shearing machine frame 71 through a sliding rail and a sliding sleeve; positioning adjustment mechanism 733 is including being provided with the adjusting screw 7331 of double thread and being used for driving adjusting screw 7331 pivoted motor, limit dog 735 is provided with adjusts connecting block 737, adjusting screw 7331 adopts the nut to be connected with adjusting connecting block 737. When the sheet 701 is placed on the carrying plate 734, the motor drives the adjusting screw 7331 to rotate, so as to drive the positioning blocks 736 of the stoppers 735 at two sides to position the sheet 701, thereby facilitating the punching and shearing feeding device 72 to feed the positioned sheet 701 into the punching device 74 for punching. The punching shear positioning platform 73 is convenient and reliable in positioning, and a feeding channel 738 is reserved between the first positioning platform 731 and the second positioning platform 732, so that the punching shear positioning platform can feed materials in cooperation with the punching shear feeding device 72, feeding is accurate, deviation is small, and product quality is guaranteed.
As shown in fig. 12, 15, and 16, in the present embodiment, the punching device 74 includes a first punching die 7 and a second punching die 742 juxtaposed to the first punching die 741; each of the first punching die 741 and the second punching die 742 comprises a punching die holder 743, a punching die holder 744 slidably disposed on the punching die holder 743, a punching die holder driving mechanism 745 used for driving the punching die holder 744 to move transversely on the punching die holder 743, a punch mechanism 746 slidably disposed on the punching die holder 744, and a punch driving mechanism 747 used for driving the punch mechanism 746 to move longitudinally on the punching die holder 744. In actual use, the punching die holder driving mechanism 745 can drive the punching die holder 744 to move transversely, so as to adjust the position of the punch mechanism 746 in transverse punching; the punch drive mechanism 747 may drive the punch mechanism 746 to move in the longitudinal direction, thereby adjusting the position of the punch mechanism 746 in the longitudinal direction to accommodate punching of different sizes and types of sheets 701. The punch mechanism 746 may be implemented by selecting an existing punch mechanism, and selecting the type and size of the punch as required, and both the punch die holder driving mechanism 745 and the punch driving mechanism 747 may be implemented by combining an existing motor with a screw nut structure, an air cylinder, an electric cylinder, and other mechanisms, which belong to the prior art and are not described in detail.
As shown in fig. 12 and 17, the plate shearing device 75 includes a plate shearing mounting seat 751, a cutter mechanism 752 slidably mounted on the plate shearing mounting seat 751, and a plate shearing transfer driving mechanism 753 for driving the cutter mechanism 752 to move along a longitudinal direction of the plate shearing mounting seat 751; the feed end of the cutter mechanism 752 is provided with a guide plate 754 for guiding the material to the cutter for plate cutting. After the sheet 701 is punched, the punching shear feeder 72 feeds the sheet 701 from the guide plate 754 to the cutter mechanism 752, and the cutter mechanism 752 cuts the sheet 701 into sheets of a desired size. The plate shearing and transferring driving mechanism 753 can drive the cutter mechanism 752 to move, so that the cutter mechanism 752 can be moved to adjust the cutting length of the plate, and the plate with different sizes and specifications can be conveniently cut. In actual use, the cutter mechanism 752 can be implemented by using a conventional shearing and cutting mechanism, and the plate shearing transfer driving mechanism 753 can be implemented by using a conventional motor in combination with a screw nut structure, an air cylinder, an electric cylinder and other mechanisms, and belongs to the prior art, and therefore, the description thereof is omitted.
As shown in fig. 12, in this example, the punching and shearing mechanism further includes a second synchronous belt mechanism 78 and an identification device 76, a feeding end of the second synchronous belt mechanism 78 is connected to a discharging end of the plate shearing device 75, and the identification device 76 is located at the discharging end of the second synchronous belt mechanism 78. In practical use, the second synchronous belt mechanism 78 may be implemented by using an existing synchronous belt, and the identification device 76 is configured to identify whether the second synchronous belt mechanism 78 has a material characteristic, and may use an existing CCD identification technology or a photoelectric sensor, etc., which all belong to the prior art, and therefore are not described in detail.
As shown in fig. 12, in this example, the punching mechanism further includes a branching device 77; the punching shear feeding device 72, the punching shear positioning platform 73, the punching device 74, the plate shearing device 75, the recognition device 76 and the synchronous belt mechanism 78 are arranged in parallel to form two punching shear lines, and the two punching shear lines are distributed on two sides of the discharging end of the direction dividing device 77 in parallel. When the sheet material punching and shearing device is used, the sheet material 701 is divided by the dividing device 77, and the sheet material 701 is moved to one punching and shearing line for processing.
As shown in fig. 12, 18 and 19, in this example, the direction dividing device 77 includes a direction dividing and taking mechanism 771, a direction dividing and rotating drive mechanism 772 for driving the direction dividing and taking mechanism 771 to rotate, and a direction dividing and moving drive mechanism 773 for driving the direction dividing and taking mechanism 771 to move, the direction dividing and rotating drive mechanism 772 is in driving connection with the direction dividing and moving drive mechanism 773, and the direction dividing and taking mechanism 771 is in driving connection with the direction dividing and rotating drive mechanism 772.
In practical use, the branch direction moving driving mechanism 773 drives the branch direction taking mechanism 771 and the branch direction rotating driving mechanism 772 to move above the sheet 701, the branch direction taking mechanism 771 grabs or sucks the sheet 701, the branch direction taking mechanism 771 and the sheet 701 are driven by the branch direction rotating driving mechanism 772 to rotate together to a required angle, and then the sheet 701 is placed on the punching shear positioning platform 73. The direction-dividing movement driving mechanism 773 can be realized by an existing X-axis single-axis, XY-axis or XYZ-axis three-axis driving mechanism as required, and the direction-dividing material-taking mechanism 771 can be realized by an existing sucker mechanism, so that the description is omitted.
Specifically, the direction dividing rotary driving mechanism 772 comprises a rotary mounting seat 7721 connected to the direction dividing rotary driving mechanism 773, a direction dividing rotary shaft 7722 installed on the rotary mounting seat 7721, a direction dividing connecting block 7723 connected with one end of the direction dividing rotary shaft 7722, and a direction dividing cylinder 7724 installed on the rotary mounting seat 7721, a piston rod of the direction dividing cylinder 7724 is connected with the direction dividing connecting block 7723, and the direction dividing material taking mechanism 771 is connected with the other end of the direction dividing rotary shaft 7722. During actual work, the direction dividing cylinder 7724 drives the direction dividing connecting block 7723 to swing, the direction dividing connecting block 7723 drives the direction dividing rotating shaft 7722 to rotate, the direction dividing material taking mechanism 771 and the sheet 701 are driven to rotate 90 degrees, and the sheet 701 is conveniently moved to a punching and shearing line to be processed after the direction of the sheet 701 is adjusted. The direction-dividing rotary driving mechanism 772 has the advantages of stable and reliable structure, low cost and convenient control.
As shown in fig. 12, in the present embodiment, the punching and shearing mechanism further includes a sorting device 79, and the sorting device 79 is disposed at the discharge end of the second synchronous belt mechanism 78; the sorting device 79 comprises sorting suckers 791, a sorting driving mechanism 792 for driving the sorting suckers 791 to move, and a plurality of material placing boxes 793 for placing materials. When the sheet 701 is cut into sheets of a desired size and conveyed to the sorting device 79 by the second timing belt mechanism 78, the sheet is detected by the recognition device 76, and the sorting driving mechanism 792 drives the sorting suction cups 791 to suck the sheets into the discharge box 793 for receiving.
The sorting driving mechanism 92 can be implemented by using an existing X-axis single-axis, XY-axis, or XYZ-three-axis driving mechanism as required, and thus, the detailed description thereof is omitted.
The working principle is as follows: when the automatic material receiving machine is used, materials are placed on the positioning platform to be positioned, the positioned materials are conveyed to the rotating platform by the truss manipulator, the rotating platform randomly changes the horizontal position of the rotating frame to achieve the purpose of aligning four edges of the materials, then the materials are cut and formed by the cutting device and rotated to a required angle by the direction dividing device, the materials are punched and sheared by the shearing and punching mechanism, and then the materials are conveyed to the sorting device to achieve material receiving.
All the technical features in the embodiment can be freely combined according to actual needs.
The above embodiments are preferred implementations of the present invention, and other implementations are also included, and any obvious substitutions are within the scope of the present invention without departing from the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A full-automatic production line of signboard is characterized in that it comprises a positioning platform, a truss manipulator, a rotary platform, a cutting device, a punching and shearing mechanism and a sorting device; when the material punching and shearing machine is used, materials are placed on the positioning platform for positioning, the positioned materials are conveyed to the rotating platform by the truss manipulator, the rotating platform randomly changes the horizontal position of the rotating frame to align the four edges of the materials, then the materials are cut and molded by the cutting device and rotated to a required angle by the direction dividing device, the materials are punched and sheared by the punching and shearing mechanism, and then the materials are conveyed to the sorting device to receive the materials;
the punching and shearing mechanism comprises a punching and shearing rack (71), a punching and shearing feeding device (72) arranged on the punching and shearing rack (71), a punching and shearing positioning platform (73), a punching device (74) and a plate shearing device (75); when the punching and shearing machine is used, materials are placed on the punching and shearing positioning platform (73) for positioning, and the punching and shearing feeding device (72) moves the materials to sequentially pass through the punching device (74) and the plate shearing device (75) so as to realize punching and plate shearing of the materials;
the punching shear feeding device (72) comprises a feeding clamping component (721) and a feeding driving component (722) for driving the feeding clamping component (721) to move along the punching shear positioning platform (73);
the feeding clamping assembly (721) comprises a clamping finger cylinder (7211) and a clamping block (7212) connected with fingers of the clamping finger cylinder (7211);
the feeding driving assembly (722) adopts a first synchronous belt mechanism (7221), the feeding clamping assembly (721) is in driving connection with the first synchronous belt mechanism (7221), and the first synchronous belt mechanism (7221) extends to the plate shearing device (75);
the punching and shearing positioning platform (73) comprises a first positioning platform (731), a second positioning platform (732) arranged in parallel with the first positioning platform (731), and a positioning adjusting mechanism (733) for adjusting the widths of the first positioning platform (731) and the second positioning platform (732) after the first positioning platform (731) and the second positioning platform (732) are arranged in parallel, and a feeding channel (738) for enabling the feeding and clamping assembly (721) to pass through is arranged between the first positioning platform (731) and the second positioning platform (732);
the first positioning platform (731) and the second positioning platform (732) respectively comprise a bearing plate (734), an edge stop block (735) connected with the bearing plate (734) and a plurality of positioning blocks (736) arranged at the inner side of the edge stop block (735); the side stop block (735) is in sliding connection with the punching and shearing machine frame (71) through a sliding rail and a sliding sleeve;
the positioning adjusting mechanism (733) comprises an adjusting screw rod (7331) with double threads and a motor for driving the adjusting screw rod (7331) to rotate, the side stop block (735) is provided with an adjusting connecting block (737), and the adjusting screw rod (7331) is connected with the adjusting connecting block (737) through a nut;
the punching and shearing mechanism further comprises a second synchronous belt mechanism (78) and an identification device (76), the feeding end of the second synchronous belt mechanism (78) is located at the discharging end of the plate shearing device (75), and the identification device (76) is located at the discharging end of the second synchronous belt mechanism (78);
the punching and shearing mechanism further comprises a branching device (77); the punching shear feeding device (72), the punching shear positioning platform (73), the punching device (74), the plate shearing device (75), the identification device (76) and the second synchronous belt mechanism (78) are arranged in parallel to form two punching shear lines, and the two punching shear lines are distributed on two sides of the discharge end of the direction dividing device (77) in parallel; the direction dividing device (77) comprises a direction dividing and taking mechanism (771), a direction dividing rotary driving mechanism (772) used for driving the direction dividing and taking mechanism (771) to rotate and a direction dividing movable driving mechanism (773) used for driving the direction dividing and taking mechanism (771) to move, the direction dividing rotary driving mechanism (772) is in driving connection with the direction dividing movable driving mechanism (773), and the direction dividing and taking mechanism (771) is in driving connection with the direction dividing rotary driving mechanism (772);
the direction dividing rotary driving mechanism (772) comprises a rotary mounting seat (7721) connected to the direction dividing movable driving mechanism (773), a direction dividing rotating shaft (7722) installed on the rotary mounting seat (7721), a direction dividing connecting block (7723) connected with one end of the direction dividing rotating shaft (7722) and a direction dividing air cylinder (7724) installed on the rotary mounting seat (7721), a piston rod of the direction dividing air cylinder (7724) is connected with the direction dividing connecting block (7723), and the direction dividing material taking mechanism (771) is connected with the other end of the direction dividing rotating shaft (7722).
2. The full-automatic signboard production line according to claim 1, wherein the positioning platform comprises a positioning seat (100), the positioning seat (100) is provided with a first positioning grid (101) and a second positioning grid (102) perpendicular to each other, the positioning seat (100) is provided with a first moving grid (1011) corresponding to the first positioning grid (101) and a first driving mechanism for driving the first moving grid (1011) to move toward the first positioning grid (101), the positioning seat (100) is further provided with a second moving grid (1021) corresponding to the second positioning grid (102) and a second driving mechanism for driving the second moving grid (1021) to move toward the second positioning grid (102), and a positioning space is defined between the first positioning grid (101), the second positioning grid (102), the first moving grid (1011) and the second moving grid (1021);
a positioning frame (1001) is arranged in the positioning seat (100), the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism are both arranged on the positioning frame (1001), a first positioning groove (103) extending along the direction vertical to the first positioning grid (101) is formed in the positioning seat (100), the first driving mechanism drives the first moving grid (1011) to move in the first positioning groove (103), a second positioning groove (104) extending along the direction vertical to the second positioning grid (102) is further formed in the positioning seat (100), and the second driving mechanism drives the second moving grid (1021) to move in the second positioning groove (104);
the first driving mechanism comprises a positioning first power unit (105), a positioning main chain wheel chain assembly (106) and a positioning auxiliary chain wheel chain assembly (107), the positioning main chain wheel chain assembly (106) and the positioning auxiliary chain wheel chain assembly (107) are arranged along the direction of a positioning first groove (103), the positioning first power unit (105) is connected with the positioning main chain wheel chain assembly (106), the positioning main chain wheel chain assembly (106) is connected with the positioning auxiliary chain wheel chain assembly (107), and a first moving gate (1011) is fixedly connected with a chain wheel on the positioning auxiliary chain wheel chain assembly (107);
the positioning main chain wheel chain assembly (106) comprises a positioning first driving shaft (1061), a positioning second driving shaft (1062) and a positioning main transmission chain (1063), wherein the positioning first driving shaft (1061) is provided with a positioning first driving chain wheel (1064), the positioning first power unit (105) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the positioning first driving chain wheel (1064), the positioning second driving shaft (1062) is provided with a positioning second driving chain wheel (1065), and two ends of the positioning main transmission chain (1063) are respectively connected with the positioning first driving chain wheel (1064) and the positioning second driving chain wheel (1065);
the number of the positioning auxiliary chain wheel chain assemblies (107) is two and the positioning auxiliary chain wheel chain assemblies are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the first moving grid (1011), the positioning auxiliary chain wheel chain assembly (107) comprises a positioning first driven shaft (1071), a positioning second driven shaft (1072) and a positioning auxiliary transmission chain (1073), the positioning first driven shaft (1071) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the positioning second driving shaft (1062), a first positioning driven chain wheel (1074) is arranged on the first positioning driven shaft (1071), a second positioning driven chain wheel (1075) is arranged on the second positioning driven shaft (1072), two ends of the positioning pair transmission chain (1073) are respectively connected with a positioning first driven chain wheel (1074) and a positioning second driven chain wheel (1075), a positioning moving plate (108) is arranged at the bottom of the first moving grid (1011), and the positioning moving plate (108) is fixedly connected with a positioning pair transmission chain (1073);
still be equipped with location gib block (109) on locating rack (1001), location gib block (109) extend along the direction of location first groove (103), location gib block (110) have been seted up on location gib block (109), the bottom of location movable plate (108) is equipped with location slider (111), the bottom sliding fit of location slider (111) is in location gib block (110).
3. The full-automatic signboard production line according to claim 1, wherein the rack manipulator comprises a rack base (200), a rack moving seat (201) is arranged on the rack base (200), a rack first moving mechanism (202) is connected between the rack moving seat (201) and the rack base (200), the rack first moving mechanism (202) is used for controlling the linear movement of the rack moving seat (201) on a horizontal plane, a rack grabbing frame (203) is arranged on the rack moving seat (201), a rack sucking disc (204) is arranged at the bottom of the rack grabbing frame (203), a second moving mechanism is connected between the rack grabbing frame (203) and the rack moving seat (201), and the second moving mechanism is used for controlling the longitudinal movement of the rack grabbing frame (203);
the first moving mechanism (202) of the traveling frame comprises a first servo motor (2021) of the traveling frame, a first bevel gear (2022) of the traveling frame, a first rack (2023) of the traveling frame and a first slide rail (2024) of the traveling frame, wherein the first slide rail (2024) of the traveling frame is horizontally arranged on a base (200) of the traveling frame, a moving seat (201) of the traveling frame is in sliding fit with the first slide rail (2024) of the traveling frame, the first servo motor (2021) of the traveling frame is fixedly connected to the moving seat (201) of the traveling frame, the first bevel gear (2022) of the traveling frame is coaxially and fixedly connected with an upper output shaft of the first servo motor (2021) of the traveling frame, the first rack (2023) of the traveling frame is parallel to the first slide rail (2024) of the traveling frame, and the first rack (2023) of the traveling frame is meshed with the first bevel gear (2022) of the traveling frame;
the second moving mechanism comprises a second rack servo motor (2041), a second rack bevel gear (2042), a second rack (2043) and a second rack (2044), the second rack (2044) is vertically arranged on the second rack grabbing rack (203), the second rack moving seat (201) is in sliding fit with the second rack slide rail (2044), the second rack servo motor (2041) is fixedly connected to the second rack grabbing rack (203), the second rack bevel gear (2042) is coaxially and fixedly connected with an output shaft of the second rack servo motor (2041), the second rack servo motor (2041) and the second rack bevel gear (2042) are arranged on the second rack moving seat (201), the second rack (2043) is parallel to the second rack bevel gear (2044), and the second rack (2043) is meshed with the second rack bevel gear (2042);
the bottom of the row frame grabbing frame (203) is provided with a row frame placing column (205), the row frame placing column (205) is uniformly arranged along the direction perpendicular to the row frame first moving mechanism (202), and the row frame sucker (204) is arranged at the bottom of the row frame placing column (205).
4. The full-automatic signboard production line according to claim 1, wherein the rotating platform comprises a base (300), a connecting seat (301) is arranged on the base (300), a first linear moving mechanism (302) is arranged between the connecting seat (301) and the base (300), a rotating frame (303) is arranged on the connecting seat (301), a second linear moving mechanism (304) is arranged between the rotating frame (303) and the connecting seat (301), the first linear moving mechanism (302) is perpendicular to the second linear moving mechanism (304), and a placing table (305) is rotatably connected to the rotating frame (303);
the first linear moving mechanism (302) comprises a first guide rail (3021), a first servo motor (3022), a first screw rod (3023) and a first sliding block (3024), the first servo motor (3022) is fixedly connected to the base (300), an output shaft of the first servo motor (3022) is coaxially and fixedly connected to the first screw rod (3023), the first sliding block (3024) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the connecting seat (301) and is in threaded connection with the first screw rod (3023), the first guide rail (3021) is parallel to the first screw rod (3023), and the bottom of the connecting seat (301) is in sliding fit with the first guide rail (3021);
the second linear moving mechanism (304) comprises a second guide rail (3041), a second servo motor (3042), a second screw rod (3043) and a second sliding block (3044), the second servo motor (3042) is fixedly connected to the connecting base (301), an output shaft of the second servo motor (3042) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the second screw rod (3043), the second sliding block (3044) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the rotating frame (303) and in threaded connection with the second screw rod (3043), the second guide rail (3041) is parallel to the second screw rod (3043), the second guide rail (3041) is perpendicular to the first guide rail (3021), and the bottom of the rotating frame (303) is in sliding fit with the second guide rail (3041);
the bottom of the placing table (305) is fixedly connected with a rotating column (306), the rotating column (306) is rotatably connected to a rotating frame (303), a rotating first gear is coaxially arranged on the rotating column (306), a third servo motor (307) is arranged on the rotating frame (303), an output shaft of the third servo motor (307) is connected with a rotating second gear, and the rotating first gear is meshed with the rotating second gear;
the rotary rack (303) is provided with a rotary air suction pipe (308), the top surface of the placing table (305) is provided with a rotary air suction hole (309), and the top end of the rotary air suction pipe (308) is communicated with the rotary air suction hole (309).
5. The full-automatic signboard production line according to claim 4, wherein the rotating platform further comprises a fixture bottom frame (500), two fixture position limiters (501) are symmetrically arranged on the fixture bottom frame (500), a fixture moving member (502) is arranged between the fixture position limiters (501) and the fixture bottom frame (500), and the fixture moving member (502) is used for driving the fixture position limiters (501) to move along the X-axis and the Y-axis;
the top end of the clamp limiting piece (501) is fixedly connected with a clamp positioning upper claw (503), the bottom of the clamp limiting piece (501) is provided with a clamp lifting cylinder (504), the output end of the clamp lifting cylinder (504) is connected with a clamp positioning lower claw (505) opposite to the clamp positioning upper claw (503), and the clamp lifting cylinder (504) longitudinally stretches;
the clamp moving piece (502) comprises a first clamp guide rail (5021), a second clamp guide rail (5022) and a clamp driving piece (5023), the first clamp guide rail (5021) is fixedly connected to a clamp chassis (500) and extends along an X axis, one clamp limiting piece (501) is connected to one first clamp guide rail (5021) in a sliding mode, the second clamp guide rail (5022) is connected to the other first clamp guide rail (5021) in a sliding mode, the second clamp guide rail (5022) extends along a Y axis, the other clamp limiting piece (501) is connected to the second clamp guide rail (5022) in a sliding mode, and the clamp driving piece (5023) is arranged on the second clamp guide rail (5022) and drives the clamp limiting piece (501) to move along the Y axis;
the clamp driving piece (5023) comprises a clamp driving seat (50231) and a clamp driving electric cylinder (50232), the clamp limiting piece (501) is fixedly connected to the clamp driving seat (50231), the electric cylinder is fixedly connected to the bottom of the clamp driving seat (50231), and the output end of the clamp driving electric cylinder (50232) is connected with a second clamp guide rail (5022);
and the first clamp guide rail (5021) is provided with clamp guide rail electric cylinders (506), one of the clamp guide rail electric cylinders (506) is fixedly connected with the clamp limiting part (501), and the other clamp guide rail electric cylinder (506) is fixedly connected with the second clamp guide rail (5022).
6. The full-automatic signboard production line according to claim 1, wherein the punching device (74) comprises a first punching die (741) and a second punching die (742) juxtaposed to the first punching die (741);
the first punching die (741) and the second punching die (742) respectively comprise a punching die holder (743), a punching die holder (744) arranged on the punching die holder (743) in a sliding manner, a punching die holder driving mechanism (745) used for driving the punching die holder (744) to move transversely on the punching die holder (743), a punch mechanism (746) arranged on the punching die holder (744) in a sliding manner, and a punch driving mechanism (747) used for driving the punch mechanism (746) to move longitudinally on the punching die holder (744);
the plate shearing device (75) comprises a plate shearing mounting seat (751), a cutter mechanism (752) arranged on the plate shearing mounting seat (751) in a sliding mode, and a plate shearing transfer driving mechanism (753) used for driving the cutter mechanism (752) to move along the length direction of the plate shearing mounting seat (751); the feeding end of the cutter mechanism (752) is provided with a guide plate (754) for guiding the material to the cutter for plate cutting.
7. The full-automatic signboard production line according to claim 6, wherein the punching and shearing mechanism further comprises a sorting device (79), the sorting device (79) is arranged at the discharge end of the second synchronous belt mechanism (78); the sorting device (79) comprises sorting suckers (791), a sorting driving mechanism (792) for driving the sorting suckers (791) to move and a plurality of material placing boxes (793) for placing materials.
CN202110935620.4A 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 Full-automatic production line for signboard Active CN113579761B (en)

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