CN113027167A - Environment-friendly demolition method for high-rise building - Google Patents

Environment-friendly demolition method for high-rise building Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN113027167A
CN113027167A CN202110296405.4A CN202110296405A CN113027167A CN 113027167 A CN113027167 A CN 113027167A CN 202110296405 A CN202110296405 A CN 202110296405A CN 113027167 A CN113027167 A CN 113027167A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rise building
dust cover
demolition
floor
height
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110296405.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
覃琨
宋素东
范泽驰
于成江
薄连晴
王建龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Construction Engineering Co Ltd of China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Tianjin Construction Engineering Co Ltd of China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin Construction Engineering Co Ltd of China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd filed Critical Tianjin Construction Engineering Co Ltd of China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
Priority to CN202110296405.4A priority Critical patent/CN113027167A/en
Publication of CN113027167A publication Critical patent/CN113027167A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G23/00Working measures on existing buildings
    • E04G23/08Wrecking of buildings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/02Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area using chambers or hoods covering the area

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Electrochemistry (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Working Measures On Existing Buildindgs (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly demolition method for a high-rise building, which utilizes an elevator shaft or a core barrel of the high-rise building as a transportation channel for hoisting demolition equipment and demolishing generated building garbage. The invention solves the problems of high danger, narrow operation surface and serious dust pollution existing in the traditional high-rise building demolition method.

Description

Environment-friendly demolition method for high-rise building
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to an environment-friendly demolition method for a high-rise building.
Background
Nowadays, a plurality of high-rise and super high-rise buildings are about to reach the upper limit of design and use. And comprehensively evaluating the use function, and performing expert safety identification, or reinforcing, modifying and putting into use again, or dismantling the original structure and redesigning and building. For high-rise buildings needing to be dismantled, the traditional method for dismantling the buildings comprises open-air mechanical dismantling, blasting dismantling and the like, but for high-rise buildings in busy places or with high air quality requirements, the method has the defects of high danger, narrow and unallowable operation surface, serious dust pollution, panic to citizens and the like.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects in the prior art, an environment-friendly high-rise building demolition method is provided so as to solve the problems of high risk, narrow operation surface and serious dust pollution existing in the traditional high-rise building demolition method.
In order to realize the aim, the high-rise building environment-friendly dismantling method comprises the following steps:
a. hoisting a demolition apparatus to a top of a high-rise building via a core barrel or an elevator shaft of the high-rise building;
b. providing a dust cover, paving a sound insulation plate on the outer side of the dust cover, installing a locking accessory and a height-adjustable supporting column in the dust cover, and covering the dust cover on the top of the high-rise building;
c. mounting the locking attachment to a structural beam at the top of the high-rise building to lock to the structural beam;
d. chiseling a multilayer floor bearing plate penetrating through the top of the high-rise building to form a socket hole, and enabling the supporting column to penetrate through the socket hole and support against the floor bearing plate corresponding to the bottom of the socket hole;
e. removing the floor structure of the dust cover by using the removing device, and conveying the construction wastes generated by the removal to the bottom floor of the high-rise building through the core barrel or the elevator shaft;
f. after the floor structure on one floor is dismantled, the lock accessory is separated from the structural beam, and the supporting columns are contracted to reduce the height, so that the dust cover is placed below and covers the top of the dismantled high-rise building;
g. and c, repeating the steps c-f to demolish the high-rise building layer by layer downwards.
Further, the supporting column comprises two standard joints and a hydraulic jack connected between the two standard joints.
Furthermore, the number of the locking accessories is multiple, the locking accessories are divided into two layers and installed on the inner side of the protective cover, and the distance between the two layers of the locking accessories is adapted to the floor height of the high-rise building.
Further, when the step of removing the floor structure where the breaking equipment is located is carried out, the horizontal beam and the plate structure of the floor structure are removed firstly, and then the shear wall and the column of the floor structure are removed.
Further, the dust cover has a height three times the height of the layer.
Furthermore, the breaking equipment comprises a breaking hammer, a hydraulic clamp, a hydraulic rope saw and an excavator.
The high-rise building environment-friendly demolition method has the advantages that the elevator shaft or the core barrel of the high-rise building is used as a transportation channel for hoisting demolition equipment and demolishing generated building garbage, dust and splashes generated by demolishing the high-rise building are gathered in the dust cover through the dust cover during demolishing, the environment is kept clean, demolition safety of the high-rise building is improved, the dust cover can be lowered through the height-adjustable supporting columns to be always covered on the top of the high-rise building, and demolition of each floor of the high-rise building is ensured to be always carried out under protection of the dust cover.
Drawings
Other features, objects and advantages of the present application will become more apparent upon reading of the following detailed description of non-limiting embodiments thereof, made with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
fig. 1 to 4 are schematic diagrams illustrating steps of an environment-friendly demolition method for a high-rise building according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken at a-a in fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view at B-B in fig. 1.
Detailed Description
The present application will be described in further detail with reference to the following drawings and examples. It is to be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the relevant invention and not restrictive of the invention. It should be noted that, for convenience of description, only the portions related to the present invention are shown in the drawings.
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. The present application will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the present invention provides an environment-friendly demolition method for a high-rise building, including the steps of:
a. the demolition apparatus 3 is hoisted to the top of the high-rise building 1 (i.e., the deck at the top of the N floors of the high-rise building) via the core barrel or elevator shaft of the high-rise building 1. The breaking device 3 comprises a breaking hammer, a hydraulic clamp, a hydraulic rope saw and an excavator.
b. A dust cover 2 is provided, an acoustic panel 20 is laid on the outer side of the dust cover 2, a locking accessory 21 and a height-adjustable support column 22 are installed in the dust cover 2, and the dust cover 2 is covered on the top of a high-rise building 1.
In this embodiment, the support column 22 includes two standard joints 221 and a hydraulic jack 222 connected between the two standard joints 221.
The number of the locking accessories 21 is multiple, the locking accessories 21 are arranged on the inner side of the protective cover in two layers, and the distance between the two layers of the locking accessories 21 is adaptive to the floor height of the high-rise building 1.
The height of the dust cap 2 is three times the layer height. As shown in fig. 1, the dust cover covers N floors, N-1 floor and a space above the N floors of the high-rise building.
c. The lock attachment 21 is mounted to a structural beam at the top of the high-rise building 1 to be locked thereto.
d. The multi-layer floor bearing plate chiseling through the top of the high-rise building 1 forms a socket hole, and the support column 22 is arranged in the socket hole and supports against the floor bearing plate corresponding to the bottom of the socket hole 10.
Specifically, the floor bearing plates on the tops of the N layers and the N-1 layers are chiseled for the first time to form the socket holes. The standard knot at the bottom of the support column is mounted to the floor deck at the bottom of the N-1 floor.
e. The floor structure where the demolition device 3 is located is demolished inside the dust cover 2 by the demolition device 3, and the construction waste generated by the demolition is transported to the bottom floor of the high-rise building 1 via the core barrel or the elevator shaft.
When the step of removing the floor structure where the breaking device 3 is located is performed, the horizontal beam and the plate structure of the floor structure are removed first, and then the shear wall and the column of the floor structure are removed.
f. After the floor structure is removed, the locking fittings 21 are separated from the structural beams, and the supporting columns 22 are contracted to lower the height, so that the dust cover 2 is placed on the top of the removed high-rise building 1.
g. And repeating the steps c-f to demolish the high-rise building 1 layer by layer downwards.
The environment-friendly demolition method for the high-rise building is suitable for the building which is about to be demolished after reaching the upper limit of the design service life or being additionally planned, the high-rise cross sections of the building are consistent or the appearance is relatively regular, and the higher the floor is, the more economical the building is; the method is suitable for buildings in downtown areas with compact building spacing and incapability of blasting demolition, and has the advantages of low demolition construction noise, less dust, full sealing, small visual impact, controllable speed, environmental protection and safety.
When the building is dismantled, in order to achieve the sound-proof and dust-proof effects, the parts of the dust-proof cover are hoisted to the roof of a high-rise building through the core barrel or the elevator shaft, and the dust-proof cover is assembled on the roof to form a closed sound-proof dust-proof cover with 3 floors of height. The dust cover uses the sound absorption and insulation board at the periphery and upper part of the dismantling operation surface of the roof of the high-rise building for sound insulation and dust prevention.
The steel frame shed structure of the dust cover is assembled according to design drawings, the sound absorption plate is installed on the steel frame shed structure, the lock accessory is installed on the inner side of the steel frame shed structure, and the supporting column is installed on the inner side of the top of the steel frame shed structure. The bottom of the support column is temporarily fixed with a structural beam plate of a high-rise building. In this embodiment, the lock attachment is a peg key. One end of the stud connecting key is fixedly connected to the steel frame shed structure, and the other end of the stud connecting key is anchored in a structural beam of the high-rise building.
According to the plane size of a high-rise building, the supporting columns of the hydraulic jacks are reasonably arranged, the columns or the shear walls of the original structure are replaced by the supporting columns, the effect of load conversion is achieved, and the dust cover is supported.
And then, the high-rise building is dismantled layer by layer from the top layer to the bottom layer of the high-rise building, the horizontal beam and the plate structure are dismantled in the same layer, and then the shear wall and the column are dismantled until the first layer is reached. The supporting column has small holding load, low energy consumption, safety and reliability.
When the machine is dismantled, the breaking equipment (such as a mechanical breaking hammer, a hydraulic clamp, a hydraulic rope saw, an excavator and the like) needs to be vertically transported to a breaking operation layer, and after the operation is completed, the machine is transported to the next layer through a hydraulic jacking platform in a high-rise building.
The function of lowering the dust cover layer by layer in the vertical direction by controlling the height of the supporting column in a climbing and contracting mode is achieved. Calculating the supporting counter force required by the hydraulic jack of the supporting column, determining the required length of the supporting column and the quantity of the supporting columns penetrating through the floor bearing plates, and performing temporary embedding work with each floor bearing plate and each beam. The hydraulic jacks of each supporting column are controlled in a unified mode, and the effect of synchronously reducing the dust cover is achieved.
On the other hand, the broken construction waste is classified and loaded into a closed box by the breaking equipment, the original elevator shaft or core barrel in the high-rise building is used as a waste channel for dismantling the building, and the construction waste is slowly transported to the bottom layer through equipment such as chain block and the like and then is transported outside.
The environment-friendly demolition method for the high-rise building utilizes an elevator shaft or a core barrel of the high-rise building as a transportation channel for hoisting demolition equipment and demolition generated building garbage, dust and spatters generated by demolition of the high-rise building are gathered in a dust cover through the dust cover during demolition, the environment is kept clean, demolition safety of the high-rise building is improved, the dust cover can be lowered through a supporting column with adjustable height and is always covered on the top of the high-rise building, and demolition of each floor of the high-rise building is ensured to be always carried out under protection of the dust cover.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the application and is illustrative of the principles of the technology employed. It will be appreciated by a person skilled in the art that the scope of the invention as referred to in the present application is not limited to the embodiments with a specific combination of the above-mentioned features, but also covers other embodiments with any combination of the above-mentioned features or their equivalents without departing from the inventive concept. For example, the above features may be replaced with (but not limited to) features having similar functions disclosed in the present application.

Claims (6)

1. An environment-friendly demolition method for high-rise buildings is characterized by comprising the following steps:
a. hoisting a demolition apparatus to a top of a high-rise building via a core barrel or an elevator shaft of the high-rise building;
b. providing a dust cover, paving a sound insulation plate on the outer side of the dust cover, installing a locking accessory and a height-adjustable supporting column in the dust cover, and covering the dust cover on the top of the high-rise building;
c. mounting the locking attachment to a structural beam at the top of the high-rise building to lock to the structural beam;
d. chiseling a multilayer floor bearing plate penetrating through the top of the high-rise building to form a socket hole, and enabling the supporting column to penetrate through the socket hole and support against the floor bearing plate corresponding to the bottom of the socket hole;
e. removing the floor structure of the dust cover by using the removing device, and conveying the construction wastes generated by the removal to the bottom floor of the high-rise building through the core barrel or the elevator shaft;
f. after the floor structure on one floor is dismantled, the lock accessory is separated from the structural beam, and the supporting columns are contracted to reduce the height, so that the dust cover is placed below and covers the top of the dismantled high-rise building;
g. and c, repeating the steps c-f to demolish the high-rise building layer by layer downwards.
2. An environmentally friendly demolition method for a high-rise building according to claim 1 wherein the support column comprises two standard knots and a hydraulic jack connected between the two standard knots.
3. The environmentally friendly demolition method of a high-rise building according to claim 1, wherein the number of the locking attachments is plural, the plural locking attachments are installed inside the protection cover in two layers, and a distance between the two layers of the locking attachments is adapted to a story height of the high-rise building.
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein in the step of dismantling the floor structure where the demolition equipment is located, the horizontal beams and the plate structure of the floor structure are dismantled first, and then the shear walls and the columns of the floor structure are dismantled.
5. The method of environmentally demolishing a high-rise building according to claim 1, wherein the height of the dust cover is three times the height of the story.
6. The method for demolishing high-rise building in environment-friendly manner according to claim 1, wherein the demolition equipment includes a breaking hammer, a hydraulic tong, a hydraulic rope saw, an excavator.
CN202110296405.4A 2021-03-19 2021-03-19 Environment-friendly demolition method for high-rise building Pending CN113027167A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110296405.4A CN113027167A (en) 2021-03-19 2021-03-19 Environment-friendly demolition method for high-rise building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110296405.4A CN113027167A (en) 2021-03-19 2021-03-19 Environment-friendly demolition method for high-rise building

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113027167A true CN113027167A (en) 2021-06-25

Family

ID=76471854

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202110296405.4A Pending CN113027167A (en) 2021-03-19 2021-03-19 Environment-friendly demolition method for high-rise building

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113027167A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113463943A (en) * 2021-07-08 2021-10-01 温州高达建设有限公司 High-rise cast-in-place concrete building demolition construction method
CN113863715A (en) * 2021-10-13 2021-12-31 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Building structure reverse-operation demolition method and building structure reverse-operation demolition auxiliary equipment
CN115162772A (en) * 2022-04-21 2022-10-11 广东碧通百年科技有限公司 High-rise building demolition process

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0754503A (en) * 1993-08-20 1995-02-28 Kajima Corp All-weather antipolluting denolishing work method
CN102852344A (en) * 2012-08-17 2013-01-02 重庆市爆破工程建设有限责任公司 Construction method for dismounting high-rise cast-in-place concrete building
CN107254974A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-10-17 李子木 A kind of skyscraper removes device and its method quickly removed using the device
CN206581633U (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-10-24 中铁二十四局集团浙江工程有限公司 One kind is water jet to tear building machine open
CN110469106A (en) * 2019-09-09 2019-11-19 甘肃第七建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of high rise elevator well jacking formwork system and its construction method
CN210828394U (en) * 2019-08-08 2020-06-23 武汉天蝎建筑装备有限公司 High-rise building demolishs device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0754503A (en) * 1993-08-20 1995-02-28 Kajima Corp All-weather antipolluting denolishing work method
CN102852344A (en) * 2012-08-17 2013-01-02 重庆市爆破工程建设有限责任公司 Construction method for dismounting high-rise cast-in-place concrete building
CN206581633U (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-10-24 中铁二十四局集团浙江工程有限公司 One kind is water jet to tear building machine open
CN107254974A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-10-17 李子木 A kind of skyscraper removes device and its method quickly removed using the device
CN210828394U (en) * 2019-08-08 2020-06-23 武汉天蝎建筑装备有限公司 High-rise building demolishs device
CN110469106A (en) * 2019-09-09 2019-11-19 甘肃第七建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of high rise elevator well jacking formwork system and its construction method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113463943A (en) * 2021-07-08 2021-10-01 温州高达建设有限公司 High-rise cast-in-place concrete building demolition construction method
CN113863715A (en) * 2021-10-13 2021-12-31 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Building structure reverse-operation demolition method and building structure reverse-operation demolition auxiliary equipment
CN115162772A (en) * 2022-04-21 2022-10-11 广东碧通百年科技有限公司 High-rise building demolition process
CN115162772B (en) * 2022-04-21 2024-05-10 广东碧通百年科技有限公司 Demolishing process for high-rise building

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN113027167A (en) Environment-friendly demolition method for high-rise building
CN109838114B (en) Reinforced concrete structure reverse dismantling temporary support conversion device and operation method thereof
JP4461434B2 (en) Demolition curing unit and demolition method of high-rise building using it
KR101922324B1 (en) Ceiling lift up construction method
CN109356167B (en) Deep foundation pit support dismantling system and construction method
JP6503716B2 (en) Demolition system and demolition method
JP5627084B2 (en) Block-type dismantling method for multi-layer buildings
JPH1130038A (en) Demolition/construction method of building and curing body used therefor
JP5038170B2 (en) How to rebuild a structure
KR101828318B1 (en) Removal Device of The Decrepit Structure and the Removal Method
JP2012162959A (en) Method for simultaneous ground and underground demolition of existing skeleton
KR102312945B1 (en) Fastening apparatus for removing building and demolishing method using the same
CN209837765U (en) Reversal dismantling temporary support conversion device for reinforced concrete structure
JP2007262688A (en) Demolition method for building
JP2014047479A (en) Method for lifting demolishing heavy machine to building to be demolished
KR101203134B1 (en) Fit segment structure for highrise elevator fit
CN112726434B (en) Three-span deck reinforced concrete arch bridge dismantling method
JP4180615B2 (en) Building demolition method
JP7097203B2 (en) Climbing telpher and how to demolish a building
JP6391134B2 (en) Dismantling method and dismantling system
JP6391135B2 (en) How to install temporary pillars
CN104963344B (en) The deep basal pit underground construction method that concrete supporting removal and structure construction are synchronously carried out
JP4952014B2 (en) Building demolition method and maintenance method, curing scaffold descent device
JP6320242B2 (en) How to install temporary pillars
JP6088926B2 (en) Structure reconstruction method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20210625

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication