CN112681605A - Organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard and preparation and installation method - Google Patents

Organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard and preparation and installation method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN112681605A
CN112681605A CN202011543866.9A CN202011543866A CN112681605A CN 112681605 A CN112681605 A CN 112681605A CN 202011543866 A CN202011543866 A CN 202011543866A CN 112681605 A CN112681605 A CN 112681605A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
inorganic
insulation
retardant
flame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011543866.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李碧英
颜明强
朱剑
甘子琼
熊筠
文桂英
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Fire Research Institute of Emergency Management Department
Original Assignee
Sichuan Fire Research Institute of Emergency Management Department
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Fire Research Institute of Emergency Management Department filed Critical Sichuan Fire Research Institute of Emergency Management Department
Priority to CN202011543866.9A priority Critical patent/CN112681605A/en
Publication of CN112681605A publication Critical patent/CN112681605A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of building materials, and particularly relates to a heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard, a preparation method and an installation method. The organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard comprises a heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard, wherein the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard sequentially comprises an inorganic fireproof panel, a fireproof heat-insulation layer and an inorganic fireproof bottom plate from top to bottom; the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer is provided with a reinforcing groove, a metal reinforcing rib is bonded in the reinforcing groove, one surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer, which is provided with the metal reinforcing rib, is bonded on one surface of the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad, the other surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer is bonded with the inorganic fireproof panel, and the other surface of the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad is bonded with the inorganic fireproof. The invention solves the problems of poor fire resistance limit, poor hanging force, poor heat insulation performance and the like of the traditional heat insulation and decoration integrated plate.

Description

Organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard and preparation and installation method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of building materials, and particularly relates to a heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard, a preparation method and an installation method.
Background
The fabricated steel structure building is formed by connecting a steel plate with a welding section, a hot rolling section and a cold bending section as a framework by adopting a connecting piece in a factory, taking a novel light, heat-preserving, heat-insulating and high-strength wall material produced in the factory as an enclosure structure and assembling and mounting the novel light, heat-preserving, heat-insulating and high-strength wall material on site in a reliable connecting mode. Compared with the traditional construction method, the assembled steel structure building can realize the purposes of saving energy, water, materials and labor, greatly reducing construction waste and dust and protecting environment. However, the crystal structure in the steel is sensitive to temperature, so that the heat conductivity is strong, the fire resistance limit is not more than 30min, the building is easy to collapse, serious casualties and property loss are caused, and the fire protection of the fabricated steel structure building is urgently needed.
Chinese patent CN101319549A discloses a heat-insulating sound-insulating fireproof light composite wall panel and a manufacturing method thereof, and the main problems of the composite wall panel are that the core material adopts flame-retardant grade heat-insulating polystyrene foam extruded sheet and flame-retardant grade heat-insulating polyurethane foam sheet, the combustion performance is poor, the fire resistance limit of the wall panel can not reach 2 hours, and the wall surface can not meet the requirement of hanging force of 1000N. In addition, the wall body plate is mainly formed by pouring magnesium chloride and magnesium oxide cement slurry for curing and forming, and has the problems of large specific gravity, building load increase, long production period, difficulty in industrial production and the like.
Chinese patent CN103669611A discloses a composite sandwich insulation board with bridge cut-off heat insulation strips and a manufacturing method thereof, and the problem of the composite sandwich insulation board is that the core material is made of polyphenyl, extruded polyphenyl or polyurethane, the combustion performance is poor, and the fire resistance limit of the wallboard can not reach the requirement of 2 hours. Because the panel is made of reinforced concrete material, the production cycle is long, and the panel is not beneficial to the industrial production and the like.
Chinese patent CN102817453A discloses a novel high-strength low-volume-weight heat-insulation fireproof decoration integrated board and a preparation method thereof, and the problem of the patent is that the core material is only polyurethane foam, the combustion performance is still poor, and the fire-resistant limit of the wallboard can not reach 2 hours. The fire-proof layer and the enhancement layer are all prepared through the spraying form, and the wall surface can not satisfy the 1000N requirement of hanging power, still has the production cycle simultaneously, is unfavorable for the aspect problems such as industrial production.
Chinese patent CN108842944A discloses an assembled light composite heat-insulating wallboard and a manufacturing method and an installation method thereof, and the problem of the patent is that the heat-insulating layer is light concrete and polyurethane foaming particles, the combustion performance is still poor, and the fire-resistant limit of the wallboard can not reach the requirement of 2 hours.
Therefore, the traditional assembled steel structure building fireproof protection and decoration integrated plate mainly takes organic heat-insulating plates such as polyurethane foam and XPS plates as core materials, or inorganic heat-insulating plates such as foam cement, high-temperature rock wool, gypsum plates and the like as core materials, and is compounded with a panel with a prefabricated decorative layer through a binder to form the sandwich-type fireproof heat-insulating plate with the integrated functions of heat insulation, fire prevention, decoration and the like. However, from the application aspect, the problems that the functions of fire prevention, moisture prevention, heat insulation, sound insulation, heat preservation, decoration and the like are not ideal enough, the hanging force of the decorative wall surface is low, and the assembling and disassembling levels are not enough exist at present.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems of poor fire resistance and low wall hanging force of a traditional steel structure fireproof protection and decoration integrated plate, and provides an organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard, a preparation method and an installation method.
The organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard comprises a heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard, wherein the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard sequentially comprises an inorganic fireproof panel, a fireproof heat-insulation layer and an inorganic fireproof bottom plate from top to bottom, and the fireproof heat-insulation layer comprises an organic high-flame-retardancy heat-insulation layer and an inorganic fireproof heat-insulation pad from top to bottom;
the inorganic fireproof heat insulation plate is characterized in that a reinforcing groove is formed in the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer, a metal reinforcing rib is bonded in the reinforcing groove, one surface, provided with the metal reinforcing rib, of the organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer is bonded to one surface of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad, the metal reinforcing rib is bonded to the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad, the other surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer is bonded to the inorganic fireproof panel, and the other surface of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad is bonded to the inorganic fireproof bottom plate.
The metal reinforcing ribs comprise six vertical reinforcing ribs and two transverse reinforcing ribs, the vertical reinforcing ribs are arranged in three rows along the front-back direction, the first row is one vertical reinforcing rib, the second row is two vertical reinforcing ribs, the third row is three vertical reinforcing ribs, the vertical reinforcing ribs in two adjacent rows are arranged at intervals along the long edge direction, the length direction of the transverse reinforcing ribs is consistent with the short edge direction, the vertical reinforcing ribs in two adjacent rows are separated by the transverse reinforcing ribs, and the vertical reinforcing ribs and the transverse reinforcing ribs in two adjacent rows are connected by welding;
the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-preservation layer is provided with the reinforcing grooves corresponding to the metal reinforcing ribs, and after the metal reinforcing ribs are embedded and bonded in the reinforcing grooves, the surfaces of the metal reinforcing ribs are flush with the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-preservation layer.
Inorganic fire prevention panel the upper and lower two sides of inorganic fire prevention bottom plate have milled the notch respectively along long limit direction, inorganic fire prevention panel the notch of two long limit ends is opposite direction about inorganic fire prevention bottom plate, inorganic fire prevention panel's notch with inorganic fire prevention bottom plate notch is opposite direction, causes the left and right sides of the long limit direction of wallboard forms one end and is the U style of calligraphy recess in the heat preservation decoration integration, and the other end is outside protruding structure.
The inorganic fireproof panel and the inorganic fireproof bottom plate are one of calcium silicate plates, glass magnesium plates, titanium magnesium plates or perlite vermiculite plates.
The inorganic fireproof heat insulation mat is one or a composite layer of two of an aerogel heat insulation mat and an aluminum silicate heat insulation mat.
The organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer adopts one or two composite layers of a high-flame-retardant high-compact char-forming type phenolic foam heat insulation board or an A-level polystyrene composite heat insulation board.
The thickness of the inorganic fireproof panel and the thickness of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate are both 8-20 mm;
the width of each notch is 10mm, and the depth of each notch is 5 mm;
the thickness of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad is 3-10 mm;
the thickness of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer is 30-50 mm;
the metal reinforcing rib is made of steel bars, and the thickness of the metal reinforcing rib is 2-4 mm, and the width of the metal reinforcing rib is 30-50 mm.
The preparation method of the organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard comprises the following steps:
(1) milling notches with preset specifications on the upper surface and the lower surface of the inorganic fireproof panel and the inorganic fireproof bottom plate along the long edge direction respectively, wherein the notches at the left long edge end and the right long edge end of the same inorganic fireproof panel are in opposite directions, the notches at the left long edge end and the right long edge end of the same inorganic fireproof bottom plate are in opposite directions, and the notches of the inorganic fireproof panel and the notches of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate are in opposite directions;
(2) coating a layer of high-temperature-resistant adhesive on the inner surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate, and flatly laying the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad on the adhesive on the inner surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate;
(3) welding steel bars into metal reinforcing ribs according to a preset shape, slotting on the corresponding positions of the surfaces of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-preservation layers according to the metal reinforcing rib structures to form reinforcing grooves, and bonding the metal reinforcing ribs into the reinforcing grooves to form the organic high-flame-retardant heat-preservation layers with the metal reinforcing ribs;
(4) coating a layer of high-temperature-resistant adhesive on the metal reinforcing rib, adhering the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer with the metal reinforcing rib on the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad by using the high-temperature-resistant adhesive, adhering the metal reinforcing rib and the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad under the action of the adhesive, coating a layer of high-temperature-resistant adhesive on the upper surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer, and placing the inorganic fireproof panel with the milled notch on the adhesive on the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer, so that the composite heat-insulating plate with the U-shaped groove at one end and the outward convex structure at the other end in the left side and the right side in;
(5) and carrying out cold press molding on the composite heat-insulation board on a cold press molding machine to obtain the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard.
(6) And fixing the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard by using self-tapping screws at the periphery of the bottom plate of the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard formed by cold-pressing adhesion at intervals of 40cm, and plugging the screw holes by using a high-temperature-resistant inorganic fireproof adhesive.
The inorganic fireproof panel and the inorganic fireproof bottom plate are one of calcium silicate plates, glass magnesium plates, titanium magnesium plates or perlite vermiculite plates.
The inorganic fireproof heat insulation mat is one or a composite layer of two of an aerogel heat insulation mat and an aluminum silicate heat insulation mat.
The organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer adopts one or two composite layers of a high-flame-retardant high-compact char-forming type phenolic foam heat insulation board or an A-level polystyrene composite heat insulation board.
The thickness of the inorganic fireproof panel and the thickness of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate are both 8-20 mm;
the width of each notch is 10mm, and the depth of each notch is 5 mm;
the thickness of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad is 3-10 mm;
the thickness of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer is 30-50 mm;
the metal reinforcing rib is made of steel bars, and the thickness of the metal reinforcing rib is 2-4 mm, and the width of the metal reinforcing rib is 30-50 mm.
The installation method of the heat-insulating and decorating integrated inner wallboard with the organic-inorganic composite structure comprises the following steps:
(1) mounting a quadrilateral groove according to the thickness of the inner wallboard at the periphery of the inner wallboard needing to be mounted, and bonding flexible fireproof sealing gaskets on three inner surfaces of the quadrilateral groove;
(2) assembling the wall boards one by one along the groove and bulge directions of the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wall board;
(3) and (3) plugging the joints of two adjacent heat-preservation and decoration integrated inner wall boards by using high-temperature-resistant inorganic glue, bonding the glass fiber gridding cloth by using the high-temperature-resistant inorganic glue, and further plugging the joints by using the high-temperature-resistant inorganic glue to finish the installation of the heat-preservation and decoration integrated inner wall boards.
The flexible fireproof sealing gasket is one of an expandable graphite cushion, a high-temperature-resistant fireproof double-sided adhesive tape or a flame-retardant double-sided adhesive tape.
The positive progress effects of the invention are as follows: the invention adopts the organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard, the preparation method and the installation method, and has the following remarkable advantages:
(1) the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard with the sandwich structure and integrated with the functions of fire prevention, heat insulation and decoration is structurally formed by compounding multiple layers of materials such as an inorganic fire-proof panel, an organic high-fire-resistance heat-insulation layer, an inorganic fire-proof heat-insulation pad and an inorganic fire-proof bottom plate, the fire resistance limit is more than 2 hours, the heat conductivity coefficient of a core material is less than 0.052 w/m.k, the hanging force reaches 1000N, and the surface density is less than 40kg/m2The problems of poor fire resistance limit, poor hanging force, unsatisfactory heat insulation performance and the like of the traditional heat insulation and decoration integrated plate are solved.
(2) Through bonding the flexible fireproof sealing gasket on the inner surface of the quadrilateral groove, the sealing of the gaps around the wallboard can be further completed, and the manual board gap treatment in the later period is omitted.
(3) The heat-insulating and decorative integrated inner wallboard prepared according to the invention can be widely applied to inner partition walls of large-scale industrial plants, warehouses, gymnasiums, prefabricated steel structure residential buildings and other prefabricated building places needing heat insulation and fire prevention.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of one configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a bottom view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a right side view of FIG. 1
FIG. 5 is a left side view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a metal stiffener according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, wallboard in organic inorganic composite construction heat preservation decoration integration, wallboard in the integration is decorated in the heat preservation including the heat preservation, and wallboard includes inorganic fire prevention panel 1, fire prevention heat preservation and inorganic fire prevention bottom plate 2 from last to down in proper order in the integration is decorated in the heat preservation, and the fire prevention heat preservation is from last to including organic high fire-retardant heat preservation 3 and inorganic fire prevention heat insulating mattress 4 down. One surface of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad 4 is bonded with the inner surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate 2, the other surface of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad 4 is bonded with one surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer 3 by using a high-temperature-resistant bonding agent, and the other surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer 3 is bonded with the inorganic fireproof panel 1. Wherein, the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3 is provided with a reinforcing groove, a metal reinforcing rib 31 is bonded in the reinforcing groove, one surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3, which is provided with the metal reinforcing rib 31, is paved on one surface of the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad 4, and the metal reinforcing rib 31 is bonded with the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad 4. The heat-insulating and decorative integrated inner wallboard comprises an inorganic fireproof panel 1, an organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3 with metal reinforcing ribs 31, an inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad 4 and an inorganic fireproof bottom plate 2 from top to bottom in sequence.
Referring to fig. 6, the metal reinforcing rib 31 includes six vertical reinforcing ribs 311 and two horizontal reinforcing ribs 312, the vertical reinforcing ribs 311 are arranged in three rows in the front-back direction, the first row is one vertical reinforcing rib 311, the second row is two vertical reinforcing ribs 311, the third row is three vertical reinforcing ribs 311, the vertical reinforcing ribs 311 in two adjacent rows are arranged at intervals in the long side direction, the length direction of the horizontal reinforcing rib 312 is the same as the short side direction, the vertical reinforcing ribs 311 in two adjacent rows are separated by the horizontal reinforcing rib 312, and the vertical reinforcing ribs 311 and the horizontal reinforcing rib 312 in adjacent rows are connected by welding. Preferably, the distance between two vertical reinforcing ribs 311 in the second row is preferably 600mm, the height of two vertical reinforcing ribs 311 in the second row is preferably 600mm, the distance between three vertical reinforcing ribs 311 in the third row is preferably 400mm, and the height of three vertical reinforcing ribs 311 in the third row is preferably 1200 mm.
The surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3 is provided with reinforcing grooves corresponding to the metal reinforcing ribs 31, namely: the reinforcing grooves comprise six vertical reinforcing grooves and two transverse reinforcing grooves, the vertical reinforcing grooves are arranged in three rows along the front-back direction, the first row is a vertical reinforcing groove, the second row is two vertical reinforcing grooves, the third row is three vertical reinforcing grooves, and the vertical reinforcing grooves of two adjacent rows are arranged at intervals along the long edge direction; the length direction of the transverse reinforcing grooves is consistent with the direction of the short sides, the two adjacent rows of vertical reinforcing grooves are separated by the transverse reinforcing grooves, and the adjacent vertical reinforcing grooves are communicated with the transverse reinforcing grooves. After the metal reinforcing ribs 31 are embedded and bonded in the reinforcing grooves, the surfaces of the metal reinforcing ribs 31 are flush with the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3.
The upper and lower two sides of inorganic fire prevention panel 1 have milled the notch respectively along long limit direction, the upper and lower two sides of inorganic fire prevention bottom plate 2 have milled the notch respectively along long limit direction, inorganic fire prevention panel 1, the notch of two long limit ends is opposite direction about inorganic fire prevention bottom plate 2, the notch of inorganic fire prevention panel 1 and the 2 notches of inorganic fire prevention bottom plate are opposite direction, cause the left and right sides of the long limit direction of fire prevention heat preservation decoration integration board to form one end and be U style of calligraphy recess, the other end is outside protruding structure. As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the inorganic fire-retardant panel 1 is milled with a notch 11 in the upper right top end in the longitudinal direction (i.e., leftward) and a notch 12 in the lower left bottom end in the longitudinal direction (i.e., rightward). The inorganic fireproof bottom plate 2 is milled with a notch 21 in the longitudinal direction (i.e., leftward) at the bottom right bottom end and a notch 22 in the longitudinal direction (i.e., rightward) at the top left top end, and the specifications of the notches are the same.
The inorganic fireproof panel 1 is one of a calcium silicate board, a glass magnesium board, a titanium magnesium board or a perlite vermiculite board. The inorganic fireproof bottom plate 2 is one of a calcium silicate plate, a glass magnesium plate, a titanium magnesium plate or a perlite vermiculite plate. The inorganic fireproof heat insulation mat 4 is one or a composite layer of two of aerogel heat insulation felt mats or aluminum silicate heat insulation felt mats. The organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3 adopts one or two composite layers of a high-flame-retardant high-compact char-forming type phenolic foam heat-insulating plate or an A-level polystyrene composite heat-insulating plate.
The thicknesses of the inorganic fireproof panel 1 and the inorganic fireproof bottom plate 2 are both 8 mm-20 mm; the width of each groove opening is 10mm, and the depth is 5 mm; the thickness of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad 4 is 3 mm-10 mm; the thickness of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3 is 30 mm-50 mm.
The preparation method of the organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard comprises the following steps:
(1) the upper and lower two sides of inorganic fire prevention panel 1, inorganic fire prevention bottom plate 2 mill the notch of predetermineeing the specification respectively along long limit direction, and the notch of two long limit ends is opposite direction about same inorganic fire prevention panel 1, and the notch of two long limit ends is opposite direction about same inorganic fire prevention bottom plate 2, and the notch of inorganic fire prevention panel 1 and the 2 notches of inorganic fire prevention bottom plate are opposite direction.
The inorganic fireproof panel 1 is one of a calcium silicate board, a glass magnesium board, a titanium magnesium board or a perlite vermiculite board. The inorganic fireproof bottom plate 2 is one of a calcium silicate plate, a glass magnesium plate, a titanium magnesium plate or a perlite vermiculite plate. The thicknesses of the inorganic fireproof panel 1 and the inorganic fireproof bottom plate 2 are both 8 mm-20 mm; the specifications of each notch are the same, and preferably, the width of each notch is 10mm, and the depth of each notch is 5 mm.
(2) A layer of high-temperature resistant adhesive is coated on the inner surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate 2, and the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad 4 is flatly laid on the inner surface adhesive of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate 2.
The high-temperature resistant binder is the high-temperature resistant binder in the prior art. The inorganic fireproof heat insulation mat 4 is one or a composite layer of two of aerogel heat insulation felt mats or aluminum silicate heat insulation felt mats. Wherein aerogel heat preservation felt can select for use aerogel heat insulating mattress, and aluminium silicate heat preservation felt can select for use aluminium silicate fireproof cotton. The thickness of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad 4 is 3 mm-10 mm.
(3) And welding the steel bars into a metal reinforcing rib 31 according to a preset shape, slotting the corresponding position on the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3 according to the structure of the metal reinforcing rib 31 to form a reinforcing groove, and bonding the metal reinforcing rib 31 into the reinforcing groove to form the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3 with the metal reinforcing rib 31.
The organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3 adopts one or two composite layers of high-flame-retardant high-compact carbon-forming type phenolic foam heat-insulating plates or polystyrene composite heat-insulating plates. Wherein, the polystyrene composite insulation board can be an A-level EPS insulation board. The thickness of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3 is 30 mm-50 mm. The metal reinforcing ribs 31 are formed by welding steel bars with the thickness of 2 mm-4 mm and the width of 30 mm-50 mm.
(4) The composite heat-insulating board is characterized in that a layer of high-temperature-resistant adhesive is coated on the metal reinforcing rib 31, the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3 with the metal reinforcing rib 31 is bonded on the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad 4 through the high-temperature-resistant adhesive, the metal reinforcing rib 31 and the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad 4 are bonded under the action of the adhesive, a layer of high-temperature-resistant adhesive is coated on the upper surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer 3, and the inorganic fireproof panel 1 with the milled notch is placed on the adhesive on the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer, so that the composite heat-insulating board with the U-shaped groove at one.
(5) And (4) carrying out cold press molding on the composite heat-insulating plate on a cold press molding machine to obtain the heat-insulating and decorative integrated inner wallboard.
(6) And fixing the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard by using self-tapping screws at the periphery of the bottom plate of the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard formed by cold-pressing adhesion at intervals of 40cm, and plugging the screw holes by using a high-temperature-resistant inorganic fireproof adhesive.
The installation method of the heat-insulating and decorating integrated inner wallboard with the organic-inorganic composite structure comprises the following steps:
(1) four-sided grooves are arranged around the inner wall plate to be installed according to the thickness of the inner wall plate, and flexible fireproof sealing gaskets are bonded on three inner surfaces of the four-sided grooves. The flexible fireproof sealing gasket is one of an expandable graphite cushion, a high-temperature-resistant fireproof double-sided adhesive tape or a flame-retardant double-sided adhesive tape.
(2) And assembling the wall boards one by one along the groove and protrusion directions of the heat-preservation and decoration integrated inner wall board.
(3) And (3) plugging the joints of two adjacent heat-preservation and decoration integrated inner wall boards by using high-temperature-resistant inorganic glue, bonding the glass fiber gridding cloth by using the high-temperature-resistant inorganic glue, and further plugging the joints by using the high-temperature-resistant inorganic glue to finish the installation of the heat-preservation and decoration integrated inner wall boards.
Examples 1 to 4
The materials in the following table 1 are adopted, heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wall boards 1-4 are manufactured through the preparation method, and the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wall boards are installed through the installation method.
Table 1: preparation and mounting material
Figure BDA0002855261590000081
Figure BDA0002855261590000091
Comparative examples 1 to 3 were prepared and mounted by the following methods using the materials of table 1 above.
Comparative example 1 preparation procedure:
and (2) respectively milling notches on the inorganic fireproof panel and the inorganic fireproof bottom plate by adopting the preparation step (1) of the invention. The organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer with the metal reinforcing ribs is prepared by the preparation step (3) of the invention. The high-temperature-resistant adhesive for the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer is bonded on the inner surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate, the metal reinforcing ribs are bonded with the inorganic fireproof bottom plate under the action of the adhesive, a layer of high-temperature-resistant adhesive is coated on the upper surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer, the inorganic fireproof panel with the groove openings milled is placed on the adhesive on the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer, and after the inorganic fireproof panel is compounded into the composite heat-insulating plate, cold press molding is carried out on a cold press molding machine. The preparation step (6) of the invention is adopted to fix the contrast plate 1 and block the screw hole.
Comparative example 2 preparation procedure:
and (2) respectively milling notches on the inorganic fireproof panel and the inorganic fireproof bottom plate by adopting the preparation step (1) of the invention. And (3) coating a layer of high-temperature-resistant binder on the inner surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate, and flatly laying the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating mat on the binder on the inner surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate. The organic high-fire-resistant heat-insulating layer is bonded on the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad by using a high-temperature-resistant binder, a layer of high-temperature-resistant binder is coated on the upper surface of the organic high-fire-resistant heat-insulating layer, and the inorganic fireproof panel with the milled notch is placed on the binder on the surface of the organic high-fire-resistant heat-insulating layer, so that the composite heat-insulating board is formed by compounding. And (5) carrying out cold press molding on the composite insulation board on a cold press molding machine to obtain a contrast board 2. The preparation step (6) of the invention is adopted to fix the contrast plate 2 and block the screw hole.
Comparative example 3 preparation procedure:
and (2) respectively milling notches on the inorganic fireproof panel and the inorganic fireproof bottom plate by adopting the preparation step (1) of the invention. And (2) coating a layer of high-temperature-resistant adhesive on the inner surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate, and placing the inorganic fireproof panel with the milled notch on the adhesive on the surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate so as to form the composite insulation board by compounding. And (5) carrying out cold press molding on the composite insulation board on a cold press molding machine to obtain the contrast board 3. The preparation step (6) of the invention is adopted to fix the contrast plate 3 and block the screw hole.
Comparative example 1 to comparative example 3 installation procedure:
wallboard in the needs installation is around, according to interior wallboard thickness installation quadrilateral groove, assembles one by one along the recess and the protruding direction of contrast board 1, contrast board 2 or contrast board 3. The rest steps are the same as the step (3) of the installation method of the heat-preservation and decoration integrated inner wallboard.
The results of the performance tests conducted on examples 1 to 4 of the present invention and comparative examples 1 to 3 are shown in table 2 below.
Table 2: performance parameter
Figure BDA0002855261590000092
Figure BDA0002855261590000101
In comparative example 1, the fire-resistant limit time of the plate is 72min because the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating mat is not adopted, and the requirement that the fire-resistant limit is more than 120min cannot be met.
In the comparative example 2, because no metal reinforcing rib is added, the hanging force of the wall board can not reach 1000N, and the decorative requirement of the wall body can not be met.
In comparison example 3, the fire resistance limit of the plate is 25min because the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad and the organic high-fire-resistance heat insulation layer are not adopted, and the requirement that the fire resistance limit is more than 120min cannot be met. Because no metal reinforcing rib is added, the hanging force of the wall board can not reach 1000N, and the requirement of wall decoration can not be met.
Therefore, the heat conductivity coefficient of the heat-insulating and decorating integrated interior wallboard with the organic-inorganic composite structure is lower than 0.052 w/m.k, and the surface density of the board can reach 40Kg/M2Below, the fire resistance limit is more than 120min, and the hanging force reaches 1000N. The problems of poor fire resistance limit, poor hanging force, unsatisfactory heat insulation performance and the like of the traditional heat insulation and decoration integrated plate are solved.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. An organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard comprises a heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard, wherein the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard sequentially comprises an inorganic fireproof panel, a fireproof heat-insulation layer and an inorganic fireproof bottom plate from top to bottom;
the inorganic fireproof heat insulation plate is characterized in that a reinforcing groove is formed in the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer, a metal reinforcing rib is bonded in the reinforcing groove, one surface, provided with the metal reinforcing rib, of the organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer is bonded to one surface of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad, the metal reinforcing rib is bonded to the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad, the other surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer is bonded to the inorganic fireproof panel, and the other surface of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad is bonded to the inorganic fireproof bottom plate.
2. The organic-inorganic composite structure heat-preservation and decoration integrated inner wallboard of claim 1, wherein the metal reinforcing ribs comprise six vertical reinforcing ribs and two transverse reinforcing ribs, the vertical reinforcing ribs are arranged in three rows along the front-back direction, the first row is one vertical reinforcing rib, the second row is two vertical reinforcing ribs, the third row is three vertical reinforcing ribs, the vertical reinforcing ribs in two adjacent rows are arranged at intervals along the long side direction, the length direction of the transverse reinforcing ribs is consistent with the short side direction, the two adjacent rows of vertical reinforcing ribs are separated by the transverse reinforcing ribs, and the adjacent vertical reinforcing ribs and the transverse reinforcing ribs are connected in a welding manner;
the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-preservation layer is provided with the reinforcing grooves corresponding to the metal reinforcing ribs, and after the metal reinforcing ribs are embedded and bonded in the reinforcing grooves, the surfaces of the metal reinforcing ribs are flush with the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-preservation layer.
3. The organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulating and decorative integrated interior wall panel according to claim 1, wherein the upper and lower surfaces of the inorganic fire-retardant panel and the inorganic fire-retardant bottom plate are milled with notches along the long-side direction, the notches at the left and right long-side ends of the inorganic fire-retardant panel and the inorganic fire-retardant bottom plate are in opposite directions, and the notches of the inorganic fire-retardant panel and the notches of the inorganic fire-retardant bottom plate are in opposite directions, so that the left and right sides of the heat-insulating and decorative integrated interior wall panel in the long-side direction form a groove with a U-shaped end and an outward protruding structure at the other end.
4. The organic-inorganic composite structure thermal insulation and decoration integrated interior wallboard of claim 1, wherein the inorganic fireproof panel and the inorganic fireproof bottom board are one of calcium silicate boards, glass magnesium boards, titanium magnesium boards or perlite vermiculite boards;
the inorganic fireproof heat insulation mat is one or a composite layer of two of an aerogel heat insulation mat and an aluminum silicate heat insulation mat.
The organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer adopts one or two composite layers of a high-flame-retardant high-compact char-forming type phenolic foam heat insulation board or an A-level polystyrene composite heat insulation board.
5. The organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulating and decorating integrated inner wallboard of claim 3, wherein the thickness of the inorganic fireproof panel and the thickness of the inorganic fireproof bottom board are both 8 mm-20 mm;
the width of each notch is 10mm, and the depth of each notch is 5 mm;
the thickness of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad is 3-10 mm;
the thickness of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer is 30-50 mm;
the metal reinforcing rib is made of steel bars, and the thickness of the metal reinforcing rib is 2-4 mm, and the width of the metal reinforcing rib is 30-50 mm.
6. A preparation method for preparing the organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated interior wallboard of any one of claims 1 to 5 is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(1) milling notches with preset specifications on the upper surface and the lower surface of the inorganic fireproof panel and the inorganic fireproof bottom plate along the long edge direction respectively, wherein the notches at the left long edge end and the right long edge end of the same inorganic fireproof panel are in opposite directions, the notches at the left long edge end and the right long edge end of the same inorganic fireproof bottom plate are in opposite directions, and the notches of the inorganic fireproof panel and the notches of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate are in opposite directions;
(2) coating a layer of high-temperature-resistant adhesive on the inner surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate, and adhering the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad on the adhesive on the inner surface of the inorganic fireproof bottom plate;
(3) welding steel bars into metal reinforcing ribs according to a preset shape, slotting on the corresponding positions of the surfaces of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-preservation layers according to the metal reinforcing rib structures to form reinforcing grooves, and bonding the metal reinforcing ribs into the reinforcing grooves to form the organic high-flame-retardant heat-preservation layers with the metal reinforcing ribs;
(4) coating a layer of high-temperature-resistant adhesive on the metal reinforcing rib, adhering the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer with the metal reinforcing rib on the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad by using the high-temperature-resistant adhesive, adhering the metal reinforcing rib and the inorganic fireproof heat-insulating pad under the action of the adhesive, coating a layer of high-temperature-resistant adhesive on the upper surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer, and placing the inorganic fireproof panel with the milled notch on the adhesive on the surface of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer, so that the composite heat-insulating plate with the U-shaped groove at one end and the outward convex structure at the other end in the left side and the right side in;
(5) performing cold press molding on the composite insulation board on a cold press molding machine to obtain an insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard;
(6) and fixing the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard by using self-tapping screws at the periphery of the bottom plate of the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard formed by cold-pressing adhesion at intervals of 40cm, and plugging the screw holes by using a high-temperature-resistant inorganic fireproof adhesive.
7. The method of claim 6, wherein the inorganic fire-resistant panel and the inorganic fire-resistant floor are one of a calcium silicate board, a glass magnesium board, a titanium magnesium board, or a perlite vermiculite board;
the inorganic fireproof heat insulation mat is one or a composite layer of two of an aerogel heat insulation felt mat and an aluminum silicate heat insulation felt mat;
the organic high-flame-retardant heat insulation layer adopts one or two composite layers of a high-flame-retardant high-compact char-forming type phenolic foam heat insulation board or an A-level polystyrene composite heat insulation board.
8. The method of claim 6, wherein the inorganic fire-resistant panel and the inorganic fire-resistant substrate are both 8mm to 20mm thick;
the width of each notch is 10mm, and the depth of each notch is 5 mm;
the thickness of the inorganic fireproof heat insulation pad is 3-10 mm;
the thickness of the organic high-flame-retardant heat-insulating layer is 30-50 mm;
the metal reinforcing rib is made of steel bars, and the thickness of the metal reinforcing rib is 2-4 mm, and the width of the metal reinforcing rib is 30-50 mm.
9. A method for installing the heat-insulating and decorating integrated interior wallboard with the organic-inorganic composite structure as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5 is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(1) mounting a quadrilateral groove according to the thickness of the inner wallboard at the periphery of the inner wallboard needing to be mounted, and bonding flexible fireproof sealing gaskets on three inner surfaces of the quadrilateral groove;
(2) assembling the wall boards one by one along the groove and bulge directions of the heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wall board;
(3) and (3) plugging the joints of two adjacent heat-preservation and decoration integrated inner wall boards by using high-temperature-resistant inorganic glue, bonding the glass fiber gridding cloth by using the high-temperature-resistant inorganic glue, and further plugging the joints by using the high-temperature-resistant inorganic glue to finish the installation of the heat-preservation and decoration integrated inner wall boards.
10. The method of installation according to claim 9, wherein the flexible fire-resistant gasket is one of an expandable graphite cushion, a high temperature resistant fire-resistant double sided tape, or a fire-retardant double sided tape.
CN202011543866.9A 2020-12-24 2020-12-24 Organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard and preparation and installation method Pending CN112681605A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011543866.9A CN112681605A (en) 2020-12-24 2020-12-24 Organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard and preparation and installation method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011543866.9A CN112681605A (en) 2020-12-24 2020-12-24 Organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard and preparation and installation method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112681605A true CN112681605A (en) 2021-04-20

Family

ID=75451401

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011543866.9A Pending CN112681605A (en) 2020-12-24 2020-12-24 Organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard and preparation and installation method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112681605A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112726990A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-30 应急管理部四川消防研究所 Organic-inorganic composite structure fireproof heat-preservation decoration integrated plate and manufacturing and mounting method

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103374986A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-30 广东莲田金属工程建筑有限公司 Multifunctional combined lightweight concrete curtain wall and constructing method thereof
US20140361209A1 (en) * 2011-05-26 2014-12-11 Electricite De France Aerogel-based material that is super-insulating at atmospheric pressure
EP2871169A1 (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-13 Daw Se Dispersion composition, plaster layer system and thermal insulation compound system
CN205259443U (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-25 天津华锡环保科技有限公司 External wall board
CN205976030U (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-02-22 孙姣姣 Insulation board
CN208347116U (en) * 2018-06-27 2019-01-08 都兴红 A kind of heat insulation integrated template of construction wall
CN109397813A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-03-01 大连翼兴节能科技股份有限公司 A kind of fireproof heated board
CN209585312U (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-11-05 刘术金 Assembled shingle nail seam construction
CN110821032A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-21 中建材料技术研究成都有限公司 Light heat-preservation high-toughness cement-based composite wallboard and preparation process thereof

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140361209A1 (en) * 2011-05-26 2014-12-11 Electricite De France Aerogel-based material that is super-insulating at atmospheric pressure
CN103374986A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-30 广东莲田金属工程建筑有限公司 Multifunctional combined lightweight concrete curtain wall and constructing method thereof
EP2871169A1 (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-13 Daw Se Dispersion composition, plaster layer system and thermal insulation compound system
CN205259443U (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-25 天津华锡环保科技有限公司 External wall board
CN205976030U (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-02-22 孙姣姣 Insulation board
CN208347116U (en) * 2018-06-27 2019-01-08 都兴红 A kind of heat insulation integrated template of construction wall
CN109397813A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-03-01 大连翼兴节能科技股份有限公司 A kind of fireproof heated board
CN209585312U (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-11-05 刘术金 Assembled shingle nail seam construction
CN110821032A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-21 中建材料技术研究成都有限公司 Light heat-preservation high-toughness cement-based composite wallboard and preparation process thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112726990A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-30 应急管理部四川消防研究所 Organic-inorganic composite structure fireproof heat-preservation decoration integrated plate and manufacturing and mounting method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103334504B (en) High-strength composite corrugated fiber foam cement heat insulation material
CN203499097U (en) High-strength composite corrugated fiber foamed cement heat insulation board
CN112726990A (en) Organic-inorganic composite structure fireproof heat-preservation decoration integrated plate and manufacturing and mounting method
JP2008069574A (en) Ventilating heat insulation composite panel for covering outer wall of building
CN211774751U (en) Steel construction prefabricated wall panel mounting structure
CN112681605A (en) Organic-inorganic composite structure heat-insulation and decoration integrated inner wallboard and preparation and installation method
CN102121281A (en) Fireproof and heat insulation plate for outer wall of building
CN214364167U (en) Assembled building external protective structure heat preservation decoration wall body component
RU2704993C2 (en) Energy-efficient fire-resistant multilayer insulating panel
CN107965088B (en) Wall structure
TWM581614U (en) Heat preservation and sound insulation system for floor
CN104695661A (en) Steel structure integrated system
TWM609687U (en) Precast type building composite board and application structure thereof
CN203174789U (en) Composite insulation board
CN212613191U (en) Energy-saving heat-preservation type light partition wall structure
KR101142801B1 (en) Composite panel structure with form for inside and outside insulation of structure
CN103003502B (en) The external heat insulating wall of mechanically-anchored grid reinforcing rib warming plate
CN201943300U (en) Fireproof heat insulation board for outer walls of buildings
CN201517255U (en) Integral cement composite heat-insulating external wall
JP4227308B2 (en) Partition wall structure
CN204531250U (en) A kind of steel work integrated system
CN110725468A (en) Prefabricated corrugated steel structure for house and workshop wallboards and construction method thereof
CN215290966U (en) Novel inorganic heat preservation wallboard
CN218264387U (en) Flame-retardant polyphenyl composite heat-insulation board
CN212336365U (en) Shockproof sound insulation heat preservation partition plate

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination