CN112431399A - Hanging basket for building outer wall and mounting method thereof - Google Patents

Hanging basket for building outer wall and mounting method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112431399A
CN112431399A CN202011278870.7A CN202011278870A CN112431399A CN 112431399 A CN112431399 A CN 112431399A CN 202011278870 A CN202011278870 A CN 202011278870A CN 112431399 A CN112431399 A CN 112431399A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rail
rope
steel wire
wire rope
support
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011278870.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高渭泉
祝文飞
谭宇
彭辉
谢延义
姚木平
童超
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUANGDONG ZHITE NEW MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Zhongshan Zhite Aluminium Mould Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhongshan Zhite Aluminium Mould Technology Co ltd filed Critical Zhongshan Zhite Aluminium Mould Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202011278870.7A priority Critical patent/CN112431399A/en
Publication of CN112431399A publication Critical patent/CN112431399A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G3/30Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms suspended by flexible supporting elements, e.g. cables
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G3/30Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms suspended by flexible supporting elements, e.g. cables
    • E04G3/32Hoisting devices; Safety devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G3/34Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms characterised by supporting structures provided on the roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G2003/286Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms mobile vertically

Abstract

The invention relates to a hanging basket for a building outer wall and an installation method thereof, wherein the hanging basket comprises a suspension system and a suspension system; the suspension system comprises two groups, each group comprises a suspension structure, a stroke limiting disc, a heavy hammer, a working steel wire rope and a safety steel wire rope, the suspension structure is used for being installed at a top supporting position of a building, and the suspension structure comprises a front support, a rear support, a front adjusting seat, a rear adjusting seat, an upper support, a front beam, a middle beam, a rear beam, a hanging head, a climbing rope, a rear pulling climbing rope, a screw buckle, a rope clamp and a balancing weight; the suspension system comprises a suspension platform, a safety lock, a lifter and an electric cabinet, wherein the electric cabinet is arranged on the suspension platform; the suspension platform comprises one or a plurality of rail bottoms arranged in sequence along the length direction, a first rail piece connected to the front end of the rail bottom, a second rail piece connected to the rear end of the rail bottom and two end enclosure mounting frames connected to the two tail ends of the rail bottom. The hanging basket for the building outer wall is firm and stable, high in safety, simple to mount and strong in applicability.

Description

Hanging basket for building outer wall and mounting method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of construction equipment, in particular to a hanging basket for a building outer wall and an installation method thereof.
Background
The hanging basket is a construction machine for high-altitude operation in construction engineering, and is used for curtain wall installation and outer wall cleaning. The hanging basket is a novel high-altitude operation device which can replace a traditional scaffold, reduce labor intensity, improve working efficiency and be repeatedly used. The use of the construction hanging basket has gradually become a trend, and the construction hanging basket is widely accepted in high-rise/multi-storey high-rise building outer wall construction, curtain wall installation, heat preservation construction, maintenance and cleaning of outer walls and other high-rise operations, and can be used for the operation of large-scale tank bodies, bridges, dams and other projects. The product can avoid scaffold. The construction cost is reduced, the construction cost is 28 percent of that of the traditional scaffold, and the working efficiency is greatly improved. The hanging basket is flexible to operate, easy to shift, convenient, practical, safe and reliable.
The existing hanging basket is easily interfered by external natural factors in work, so that part of construction equipment is easily dropped, and great construction potential safety hazards and high-altitude falling risk are brought. The existing hanging basket has low installation flexibility and cannot be suitable for different types of buildings.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide a hanging basket for a building outer wall and an installation method thereof.
In order to achieve the purpose of the invention, the invention provides a hanging basket for an outer wall of a building, which comprises a suspension system and a suspension system; the suspension system comprises two groups, each group comprises a suspension structure, a stroke limiting disc, a heavy hammer, a working steel wire rope and a safety steel wire rope, the suspension structure is used for being installed at a top supporting position of a building, and the suspension structure comprises a front support, a rear support, a front adjusting seat, a rear adjusting seat, an upper support, a front beam, a middle beam, a rear beam, a hanging head, a climbing rope, a rear pulling climbing rope, a screw buckle, a rope clamp and a balancing weight; the front support is positioned in front of the rear support, and the rear support is connected with a balancing weight; the front support is connected with a front adjusting seat, the height of the front adjusting seat relative to the front support is adjustable, the rear support is connected with a rear adjusting seat, and the height of the rear adjusting seat relative to the rear support is adjustable; the front beam is connected on the front adjusting seat and extends forwards relative to the front adjusting seat, the rear beam is connected on the rear adjusting seat, and the front beam, the middle beam and the rear beam are sequentially connected and the connection length is adjustable; the upper support is connected with the front adjusting seat; the rope clamp is arranged on a middle beam or a rear beam in front of the rear support, the rear pull tab is arranged at the rear end of the rear beam, and the hanging head is arranged at the front end of the front beam; the first end of the turnbuckle is connected with the rear pull tab, the second end of the turnbuckle is connected with the first end of the climbing rope, the climbing rope bypasses the rear pull tab and the top end of the upper support, and the second end of the climbing rope is connected with the hoisting head; the first end of the working steel wire rope and the first end of the safety steel wire rope are connected with the rope clamp, the working steel wire rope and the safety steel wire rope respectively bypass the hanging head and then fall down, and the second end of the working steel wire rope and the second end of the safety steel wire rope are respectively connected with a heavy hammer; the stroke limiting disc is arranged on the falling safety steel wire rope; the suspension system comprises a suspension platform, a safety lock, a lifter and an electric cabinet, wherein the electric cabinet is arranged on the suspension platform; the suspension platform comprises one or a plurality of rail bottoms, a first rail piece, a second rail piece and two end enclosure mounting frames, wherein the rail bottoms are sequentially arranged along the length direction, the first rail piece is connected to the front end of the rail bottom, the second rail piece is connected to the rear end of the rail bottom, the two end enclosure mounting frames are connected to the two tail ends of the rail bottom, the number of the first rail pieces and the number of the second rail pieces are respectively the same as the number of the rail bottoms, the first rail pieces are connected with the rail bottoms in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the second rail pieces are connected with the rail bottoms in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and the adjacent first rail pieces, the; each seal head mounting frame is connected with a safety lock and a lifter, a falling working steel wire rope penetrates through the safety lock and penetrates through the lifter, and a falling safety steel wire rope penetrates through the safety lock.
The technical scheme is that a plurality of support rods extending upwards are arranged on the rear support in a bilateral symmetry manner, through holes matched with the support rods are formed in the middles of the counter weights, at least one counter weight is placed on each support rod, a groove is formed in the lower end of each counter weight, a bump is arranged at the upper end of each counter weight, and the groove is used for being matched with a base at the lower end of the rear support or matched with bumps of the counter weights stacked below; the upper end of the supporting rod is provided with a mounting hole which is used for being matched with a fastener to fix the balancing weight on the supporting rod.
The rear support comprises a square first connecting pipe sleeve, the rear adjusting seat comprises a square second connecting pipe sleeve, the second connecting pipe sleeve is sleeved in the first connecting pipe sleeve, and the first connecting pipe sleeve and the second connecting pipe sleeve are connected after the height is adjusted; the rear adjusting seat further comprises a first supporting groove located at the top end of the second connecting pipe sleeve, the tail end of the rear beam is connected in the first supporting groove, and the rear pull tab is connected to the outer side of the first supporting groove.
The further technical scheme is that the front end of the middle beam extends into the front beam and is connected with the front beam, the rear end of the middle beam extends into the rear beam and is connected with the rear beam, and the rope is connected to the outer side of the joint of the rear beam and the middle beam in a clamping manner; the rings of the turnbuckles are connected with the rope clamps, and the first ends of the climbing ropes are connected with the hook parts of the turnbuckles.
The front support comprises a third square connecting pipe sleeve, the front adjusting support comprises a fourth square connecting pipe sleeve, the fourth connecting pipe sleeve is sleeved in the second connecting pipe sleeve, and the fourth connecting pipe sleeve is connected with the second connecting pipe sleeve after the height is adjusted; the front adjusting seat also comprises a second supporting groove positioned at the top end of the fourth connecting pipe sleeve, and the middle of the front beam is connected in the first supporting groove; the upper bracket comprises a connecting groove, a supporting column and a pulley, wherein the supporting column extends upwards from the connecting groove, the pulley is arranged at the top end of the supporting column, the connecting groove is connected to the outer side of the second supporting groove, and the climbing rope is wound around the pulley.
The further technical scheme is that the stroke limiting disc is formed by splicing two symmetrical half discs and comprises a disc body and a connecting sleeve positioned in the middle of the disc body, and the connecting sleeve is matched with the safety steel wire rope.
The further technical proposal is that the number of the hurdle bottoms is one, two or three; the front end and the rear end of the fence bottom are respectively provided with a transverse mounting rack and vertical mounting racks positioned at two ends of the transverse mounting rack; first fence piece and second fence piece all include first horizontal railing and the first vertical railing that is located first horizontal railing both ends respectively, and first horizontal railing is connected with horizontal mounting bracket, and first vertical railing is connected with vertical mounting bracket.
The further technical scheme is that the end enclosure mounting frame comprises at least two second transverse railings and second vertical railings located at two ends of the second transverse railings, a safety lock is mounted on the second transverse railing above, and a lifting machine is mounted on the second transverse railing below; the adjacent two first vertical railings and the adjacent first vertical railing and the second vertical railing are connected with each other.
The further technical proposal is that the lower end of the bottom rail is provided with a reinforcing rod extending in the front-back direction.
The technical scheme is that a first roller on a safety lock faces the inner side of the suspension platform, a second roller is connected to an end enclosure mounting frame and faces the inner side of the suspension platform, and a working steel wire rope is led out from the safety lock and extends into the elevator after passing through the second roller; the lifting machine is arranged on the inner side of the seal head mounting frame.
The further technical scheme is that the height of the first hurdle sheet is greater than that of the second hurdle sheet; the electric cabinet is arranged on the first column piece, and the surface of the electric cabinet with the buttons faces the interior of the suspension platform.
The further technical proposal is that the front support is arranged away from the edge of the building, and the front end of the front beam extends out from the edge of the building; the edge of the building is provided with or not provided with a parapet wall, and when the parapet wall is arranged, the front beam spans from the upper part of the parapet wall.
The further technical scheme is that all connected parts are fixed through bolts.
The further technical scheme is that the distance between the hanging heads of the two groups of suspension systems is larger than or equal to the distance between the two end socket mounting frames in the suspension systems.
The invention also provides an installation method of the hanging basket for the building outer wall, which comprises the following steps:
step 1: assembling a suspension structure: transporting all components of the suspended structure to a mounting platform on top of the building; after the height is adjusted, the rear support is fixedly connected with the rear adjusting seat, and the front support is fixedly connected with the front adjusting seat; placing the front beam on a front adjusting seat, placing an upper support on the front adjusting seat, and fixedly connecting the front beam, the front adjusting seat and the upper support; connecting a center sill to a front sill and a rear sill to the center sill; connecting the rear beam to a rear adjusting seat; connecting a rear pull tab to the joint of the rear beam and the rear adjusting seat; connecting the rope clamp to a rear beam or a middle beam positioned in front of the rear adjusting seat, and connecting the turnbuckle to the rope clamp; connecting a head to a front end of the front beam; forming a first circular ring at a first end of the climbing rope through a rope chuck, connecting the first circular ring with the turnbuckle, pulling the climbing rope after the climbing rope winds around the top end of the upper support, forming a second circular ring at a second end of the climbing rope through the rope chuck, and connecting the second circular ring with the hanging head; screwing the turnbuckle to ensure that the front end of the front beam has the upward tilting trend, and then respectively screwing the fasteners at the joints of all the parts; extending the front beam beyond the edge of the building; adjusting the distance between the two hanging heads; respectively placing the balancing weights on the rear supports; connecting a first end of a working steel wire rope with the rope clamp, enabling a second end of the working steel wire rope to penetrate out of the lifting head and hang on the ground, connecting a first end of a safety steel wire rope with the rope clamp, and enabling a second end of the safety steel wire rope to penetrate out of the lifting head and hang on the ground; mounting a stroke limiting disc on the safety steel wire rope;
step 2: assembling the suspension platform: placing the rail bottom according to the required length, respectively connecting a first rail piece and a second rail piece at the front end and the rear end of the rail bottom, connecting the adjacent first rail piece and the adjacent second rail piece, and connecting the first rail piece and the second rail piece with the end enclosure mounting frame at the two tail ends of the rail bottom; an electric cabinet is hung on the first rail sheet, and a safety lock and a lifter are arranged on the seal head mounting frame;
and step 3: rope threading: straightening the working steel wire rope and the safety steel wire rope; the working steel wire rope passes through the safety lock and the hoister; when the working steel wire rope is completely tightened and stressed, the safety steel wire rope is inserted into a central hole of the safety lock; and fixing the heavy hammer at the lower ends of the working steel wire rope and the safety steel wire rope.
Compared with the prior art, the invention can obtain the following beneficial effects:
the hanging basket for the building outer wall mainly comprises the suspension system and the suspension system, the connection mode of all the components ensures that the structure is stressed reasonably, the structure is firm and stable, and the components are not easily influenced by the environment and fall off, so that the potential safety hazard of construction and the risk of falling objects are greatly caused. Moreover, the hanging basket of the invention has simple installation method, can adjust the height and the length of the suspension system according to the condition of the building in practical application, can adjust the size of the suspension system according to the practical construction requirement, and is suitable for the buildings with different tops and different construction requirements, such as the buildings with or without parapet walls at the edges and the buildings with different sizes at the tops.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a hanging basket for building external walls, which is applied to a building without a parapet wall.
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the hanging basket for building external walls of the invention applied to a building with parapet walls.
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a suspension system when the hanging basket for the outer wall of the building is applied to a building with a parapet wall.
Fig. 4 is a partially enlarged schematic view of a portion a in fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a partially enlarged structural view at B in fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a partially enlarged schematic view of a structure at C in fig. 1.
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the matching of the rear support, the rear adjusting seat, the rear beam, the rear pull tab and the counterweight in the embodiment of the hanging basket for the outer wall of the building.
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the matching of a front beam, a middle beam, a rear beam, a rope clamp and a screw buckle in the embodiment of the hanging basket for the outer wall of the building.
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of the cooperation of a front support, a front adjusting seat, a front beam, an upper support and a hanging head in the embodiment of the hanging basket for the outer wall of the building.
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of a stroke limiting disc in an embodiment of a hanging basket for an exterior wall of a building.
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a weight in an embodiment of the basket for building exterior walls according to the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of a suspension system in an embodiment of the basket for the exterior wall of the building of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a partially exploded view of a suspension system in an embodiment of the basket for an exterior wall of a building of the present invention.
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural view of a bottom of a basket in an embodiment of the invention.
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 to 14, the present embodiment provides a hanging basket for an outer wall of a building, which includes a suspension system 100 and a suspension system 300, wherein the suspension system 100 is mainly installed at the top end of the building 200, the suspension system 300 is mainly hung from the suspension system 100, and the suspension system 300 is located at the front side of the building 200, i.e. outside the side to be constructed.
The suspension systems 100 are two groups, each group includes a suspension structure 110, a stroke limiting disc 150, a heavy hammer 160, a working steel wire rope 170 and a safety steel wire rope 180, and the suspension structure 110 is used for being mounted at a top support of the building 200. The suspension structure 110 includes a front support 111, a rear support 112, a front adjustment mount 113, a rear adjustment mount 114, an upper support 115, a counterweight 116, a front beam 117, a center beam 118, a rear beam 119, a head 120, a climbing rope 121, a rear pull tab 122, a turnbuckle 123, and a rope clamp 124. The front support 111 is located in front of the rear support 112, and the rear support 112 is connected with a weight 116. The front support 111 is connected with a front adjusting seat 113, the height of the front adjusting seat 113 relative to the front support 111 is adjustable, the rear support 112 is connected with a rear adjusting seat 114, the height of the rear adjusting seat 114 relative to the rear support 112 is adjustable, and the height can be adjusted according to the structure of the top surface of the building 200, such as whether the mounting platform has a height difference or not, and whether the edge has a parapet wall 210 or not. The front beam 117 is connected to the front adjusting seat 113 and extends forward relative to the front adjusting seat 113, the rear beam 119 is connected to the rear adjusting seat 114, and the front beam 117, the middle beam 118 and the rear beam 119 are sequentially connected and have adjustable connection lengths. The upper support 115 is connected with the front adjusting seat 113, which facilitates the transmission of force. The rope clamp 124 is a big arm rope clamp, and is disposed on the center sill 118 or the rear sill 119 in front of the rear support 112, the rear pull tab 122 is disposed at the rear end of the rear sill 119, and the hanging head 120 is disposed at the front end of the front sill 117. A first end of the turnbuckle 123 is connected with the rear pull tab 122, a second end of the turnbuckle 123 is connected with a first end of the climbing rope 121, the climbing rope 121 bypasses the rear pull tab 122 and the top end of the upper support 115, and a second end of the climbing rope 121 is connected with the hanging head 120. The first end of the working wire 170 and the first end of the safety wire 180 are connected to the rope clamp 124, the working wire 170 and the safety wire 180 respectively hang down after going around the hanging head 120, and the second end of the working wire 170 and the second end of the safety wire 180 are respectively connected to the weight 160. The stroke limiting disc 150 is disposed on the falling safety steel wire rope 180, and is used for preventing the working steel wire rope 170 and the safety steel wire rope 180 from being twisted.
Specifically, the rear support 112 is provided with a plurality of support rods 125 extending upwards in bilateral symmetry, a through hole 126 matched with the support rods 125 is provided in the middle of each weight block 116, at least one weight block 116 is placed on each support rod 125, and the stacking height of the weight blocks 116 should not exceed the height of the support rods 125 of the rear support 112. The lower end of the weight 116 is provided with a groove 127, the upper end of the weight 116 is provided with a projection 128, and the groove 127 is used for matching with a base 129 at the lower end of the rear support 112 or matching with the projection 128 of the weight 116 stacked below. The upper end of the rod 125 is provided with a mounting hole 130, and the mounting hole 130 is used for cooperating with a fastener such as a bolt or a wire rope to fix the weight 116 on the rod 120. For example, after the weight 116 is placed, the weight 116 is fixed with a wire rope, and the wire rope is tightened with a rope clamp.
The rear support 112 includes a first connecting socket 131, the rear adjustment base 114 includes a second connecting socket 132, the second connecting socket 132 is nested in the first connecting socket 131, and the first connecting socket 131 is connected with the second connecting socket 132 after adjusting the height. The rear adjustment mount 114 further includes a first support slot 133 at the top end of the second connection socket 132, the rear beam 119 being coupled at its distal end within the first support slot 133, and the rear pull tab 122 being coupled outside of the first support slot 133.
The front end of the center sill 118 extends into the front sill 117 and is connected to the front sill 117, the rear end of the center sill 118 extends into the rear sill 119 and is connected to the rear sill 119, and the overall length can be adjusted by adjusting the distance of extension. Rope clips 124 are attached to the outside of the junction of back beam 119 and center beam 118. A hanging ring 134 of the turnbuckle 123 is connected with the rope clip 124, and a first end of the climbing rope 121 is connected with a hook part 135 of the turnbuckle 123.
The front support 111 comprises a square third connecting pipe sleeve 136, the front adjusting seat 113 comprises a square fourth connecting pipe sleeve 137, the fourth connecting pipe sleeve 137 is sleeved in the second connecting pipe sleeve 136, and the fourth connecting pipe sleeve 137 is connected with the second connecting pipe sleeve 136 after the height is adjusted. Front adjustment block 113 further includes a second support slot 138 at the top end of fourth connection sleeve 136, and front beam 117 is connected in second support slot 138 at the middle. The upper prop 115 includes a coupling groove 139, a support column extending upward from the coupling groove 139, and a pulley 140 provided at the top end of the support column, the coupling groove 139 being coupled to the outside of the second support groove 138, and the climbing rope 121 passing around the pulley 140.
The stroke limiting disc 150 is formed by splicing two symmetrical half discs, and comprises a disc body 151 and a connecting sleeve 152 positioned in the middle of the disc body 151, wherein the connecting sleeve 152 is matched with the safety steel wire rope 180. During installation, the two half-disc split machine cases connect the stroke limiting disc 150 to the safety steel wire rope 180.
The suspension system 300 comprises a suspension platform 310, a safety lock 350, a hoist 330 and an electric cabinet 340, the electric cabinet 340 being mounted on the suspension platform 310. The suspension platform 310 comprises one or a plurality of rail bottoms 311 arranged in sequence along the length direction, first rail pieces 312 connected to the front ends of the rail bottoms 311, second rail pieces 313 connected to the rear ends of the rail bottoms 311, and two head mounting frames 314 connected to the two tail ends of the rail bottoms 311, wherein the number of the first rail pieces 312 and the number of the second rail pieces 313 are respectively the same as the number of the rail bottoms 311, the first rail pieces 312 and the rail bottoms 311 are connected in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the second rail pieces 313 and the rail bottoms 311 are connected in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and adjacent first rail pieces 312, adjacent second rail pieces 313, adjacent first rail pieces 312 and head mounting frames 314, and adjacent second rail pieces 313 and head mounting frames 314 are connected with each other. The suspension platform 310 can meet the requirements of hanging baskets with different lengths by assembling different numbers of the fence bottom 311, the high fence pieces and the low fence pieces. Each seal head mounting bracket 314 is connected with a safety lock 350 and a lifter 330, the hanging working steel wire rope 170 passes through the safety lock 350 and passes through the lifter 330, and the hanging safety steel wire rope 180 passes through the safety lock 350.
The number of the fence bottom 311 is one, two or three, and can be specifically selected according to construction requirements. The front end and the rear end of the rail bottom 311 are respectively provided with a horizontal mounting rack 315 and vertical mounting racks 316 positioned at two ends of the horizontal mounting rack 315. First section 312 and second section 313 all include first horizontal railing 317 and the first vertical railing 318 that is located first horizontal railing 317 both ends respectively, and first horizontal railing 317 is connected with horizontal mounting bracket 315, and first vertical railing 317 is connected with vertical mounting bracket 316. The lower end of the bottom rail 311 is provided with a reinforcing rod 319 extending in the front-rear direction.
The head mounting frame 314 comprises at least two second transverse railings 320 and second vertical railings 321 located at two ends of the second transverse railings 320, a safety lock 350 is installed on the second transverse railing 320 above, and a lifter 330 is installed on the second transverse railing 320 below. The adjacent first vertical rails 321 and the adjacent first vertical rails 317 and second vertical rails 320 are connected with each other.
The first roller 351 on the safety lock 350 faces the inner side of the suspension platform 310, the second roller 322 is connected to the end enclosure mounting frame 314, the second roller 322 faces the inner side of the suspension platform 310, the working steel wire rope 170 comes out of the safety lock 350 and extends into the lifting machine 330 after passing through the second roller, and the lifting machine 330 is mounted on the inner side of the end enclosure mounting frame 314.
The height of the first hurdle 312 is greater than the height of the second hurdle 313. The electric cabinet 340 is arranged on the first hurdle 312, and the surface of the electric cabinet 340 with the buttons faces the interior of the suspended platform 310, so that manual operation is facilitated.
The front support 111 is spaced from the edge of the building 200, and the front end of the front beam 117 extends from the edge of the building 200 to prevent the suspended platform 310 from scraping against the front face of the building 200. The edge of the building 200 is provided with or without a parapet wall 210, and when the parapet wall 210 is provided, the front beam 117 spans from above the parapet wall 210.
The distance between the headers 120 of the two suspension systems 100 is greater than or equal to the distance between the two head mounts 314 in the suspension system 300.
In the embodiment, the connected components are fixedly connected through bolts and nuts.
The using method of the hanging basket for the building outer wall in the embodiment can comprise the following steps:
1. assembled suspension structure
(1) All components of the suspension structure 110 are transported to the installation platform on the roof surface.
(2) The adjusting seats are respectively inserted into the front support 111 and the rear support 112, and are preliminarily adjusted according to the height of the parapet wall 210, and fixing bolts are installed.
(3) The front beam 117 is placed in the adjusting seat on the front support 111, and simultaneously placed in the upper support 115, and fixed by bolts.
(4) Inserting the center sill 118 into the front sill 117 and installing bolts; the rear beam 119 is inserted into the center beam 118, and the fixing bolts are installed. The other end of the back beam 119 is placed into an adjustment seat on the back support 112, and a fixing bolt is installed.
(5) The rear pull tab 122 is mounted at the end of the rear beam 119 coincident with the rear mount 112 and is bolted thereto.
(6) The boom strap 124 is secured to the back beam 119. One end of the circular ring of the turnbuckle 123 is fixed with the big arm rope clip 124.
(7) The hanging head 120 is mounted at the end of the front beam 117.
(8) One end of the climbing rope 121 is connected with one end of a hook of the turnbuckle 123 through a rope clamp to form a circular ring, the climbing rope 121 goes around a roller of the rear pulling climbing rope 122 and passes through a roller at the top end of the upper pillar, the other end of the climbing rope is also connected with the hanging head 120 through the rope clamp to form a circular ring.
(9) The turnbuckle 123 is screwed to raise the front beam 117, and then the bolts at other positions are screwed.
(10) According to the steps (1) to (9), another suspension structure 110 is assembled.
(11) The front beam 117 is extended out of the work wall. The distance between the two front beam 117 suspension ends is longer than the length of the suspended platform 310.
(12) The counterweights 116 are respectively placed on the struts of the rear support 112, and can be fixed by wire ropes and mounted with bolts.
(13) One end of the working cable 170 is looped around the boom clamp 124 to form a flat ring near the suspension platform 310 and fixed by a cable clamp, and the other end is threaded out of the suspension head 120 and hung on the ground.
(14) One end of the safety steel wire 180 is looped around the large arm rope clip 124 to form a flat ring away from the suspension platform 310 and fixed by a rope clip, and the other end of the safety steel wire is threaded out of the suspension head 120 and hung on the ground.
(15) The stroke limiting disc 150 is installed on the safety wire rope 180 near the outer side to prevent the working wire rope 170 from being wound around the safety wire rope 180.
2. Assembling a suspended platform 310
(1) The bottom 311 of the rail with the required length is placed on a flat ground in a straight line shape, and the cross sections are close to and aligned with each other.
(2) The first rail piece 312 is placed at one end of the rail bottom 311 far away from the structural surface, and a fixing bolt is arranged in the middle of the first rail piece 312 and used for fixing the first rail piece 312 and the rail bottom 311.
(3) The second rail piece 313 is arranged at one end of the rail bottom 311 close to the structural surface, and a fixing bolt is arranged in the middle of the second rail piece 313 for fixing the second rail piece 313 and the rail bottom 311.
(4) Bolts are arranged at the joint of the two adjacent rail bottoms 311 and the first rail piece 312 and the second rail piece 313. If the loading is difficult, the first rail piece 312 and the second rail piece 313 can be slightly shaken to align the hole positions.
(5) Bolts are arranged between the adjacent first rail pieces 312 and between the second rail pieces 313, so that the first rail pieces 312 are integrated into a whole, and the second rail pieces 313 are integrated into a whole.
(6) The head mounts 314 are placed on both ends of the suspended platform 310 so that the roller-bearing side of the "L" plate faces into the suspended platform 310. Two people lift one end of the suspended platform 310 slightly and put in the bolts.
(7) Another head mount 314 is mounted in the same manner.
(8) An electric control box 340 is hung in the middle of the high hurdle sheet, and the side with the button faces the suspension platform 310.
(9) The safety lock 350 is installed into two "L" shaped cleats at the top of the head mount 314 with the roller ends facing into the suspended platform 310.
(10) The lifters 330 are lifted into the suspended platform 310 and erected on both ends of the suspended platform 310. The connecting bolts are unscrewed, the connecting pins are removed, and the elevator 330 is lifted and loaded into the head mount 314.
(11) The limit wire is fixed on the safety lock 350, the motor connecting wire is connected into the electric control box 340, the handle connecting wire is connected into the electric control box 340, and the main power line is connected into the electric control box 340.
3. Power on
(1) The installed suspended platform 310 is raised to a ground position directly opposite the suspended structure 110.
(2) And after the check is reliable, the main power supply is switched on.
4. Threading wire rope
(1) The working cable 170 is threaded through the safety lock 350 roller (small roller facing into the suspension platform 310) and the seal mounting bracket 314 roller, enters the elevator 330, and is inserted tightly by force.
(2) The change-over switch is turned to the side to be threaded.
(3) The handle switch is inching to make the working steel wire rope 170 pass through the lifter 330, and the passed working steel wire rope 170 is straightened.
(4) When the working cable 170 is fully tensioned, the safety cable 180 is inserted through the central hole of the safety lock 350.
(5) Note that the working wire rope 170 and the safety wire rope 180 must be straightened out before being inserted into the hoist 330 and the safety lock 350, respectively, so as to prevent the working wire rope 170 and the safety wire rope 180 from being twisted.
(6) Two steel wire ropes on the other side are penetrated according to the step-A.
5. Mounting of the weight 160
The weight 160 is fixed at the lower ends of the working cable 170 and the safety cable 180 for tightening and stabilizing the working cable 170 and the safety cable 180, and preventing the working cable 170 and the safety cable 180 from being pulled up together when the suspension platform 310 is lifted to affect the normal operation of the suspension platform 310. When the steel wire rope clamp is installed, the two half pieces are clamped at the lower ends of the working steel wire rope 170 and the safety steel wire rope 180 to be separated from the ground by cm, then the two half pieces are fastened on the working steel wire rope 170 and the safety steel wire rope 180 through bolts, and the working steel wire rope 170 and the safety steel wire rope 180 are vertically tightened.
6. Installation of safety line and cord clamp 124
Before the hanging basket is installed and used, an independent safety rope is hung from the roof, the safety rope is required to be firm at a climbing point of the roof, the safety rope cannot be climbed on a hanging mechanism, the safety rope is placed in the middle of the hanging basket after the hanging of the roof is finished, a self-locking device is directly installed on the safety rope, and a constructor is required to hang a safety belt on the self-locking device on the safety rope in construction.
7. Inspection of electrical conduction
(1) Check before power-on
The suspension mechanism is stably arranged, and the counterweight block 116 is reliably arranged; the clamping of the rope clamping head at the joint of the climbing rope 121 is correct; the working wire rope 170 and the safety wire rope 180 are separated without twisting, winding and bending; the lifting machine 330, the safety lock 350 and the suspension platform 310 are installed correctly and connected reliably; the connecting bolt is not loosened or tightened, and the components at the connecting part are not deformed or cracked; the cable connector is correct and has no looseness, and the safety lock catch is reliably locked; the cable construction facade has no obvious protrusions or other barriers.
(2) Post-power-on inspection and request
And closing a switch in the electric box, and electrifying the electric system. The examination items include: whether the motors of the left and right elevators 330 operate normally or not; whether the emergency stop button works normally or not; whether each stroke switch works normally or not; whether the suspended platform 310 is operating properly and whether the attachment points are installed properly. After all items are normal, the next step can be performed.
8. Delivery for use
(1) Before delivery and use, safety technology must be carried out to meet the background, and practical safe operation regulations are formulated. Guard rails or striking warning ropes and warning boards are required to be arranged in the hanging basket installation and operation range. And doing good after-service and maintenance work in the lease construction period.
(2) After the installation is finished, the following inspection, test and acceptance are carried out by the hanging basket construction unit, the company safety and environmental protection department, the construction management department, the construction unit and the supervision unit together, and the hanging basket can be put into use after the normal operation is confirmed.
9. Displacement of
(1) Before displacement, the gondola hanging platform 310 must be lowered to the ground or a reliable platform, the work wire 170 and the safety wire 180 are pulled out of the hoist 330 and the safety lock 350, and the roof is pulled back, and the main power is cut off.
(2) The weight 116 must be removed prior to shifting the suspension mechanism. If the roof is translated on the same roof, the roof can be moved integrally; if the hanging mechanism is moved up and down at different heights, the hanging mechanism must be disassembled, reassembled according to the relevant steps in the "basket installation and erection process", and the basket hanging platform 310 is moved accordingly.
10. Demolition work
(1) Carrying out comprehensive inspection on the hanging basket before dismantling, and recording the damage condition; and pulling a warning line under the disassembled part and carrying out patrol below by a specially-assigned person.
(2) Dismantling the hanging basket:
firstly, the suspension platform 310 is parked on a flat ground, and the heavy hammer 160 is detached;
secondly, the working steel wire rope 170 and the safety steel wire rope 180 are detached and pulled to the upper side, and are rolled into a disc to be tightened;
thirdly, cutting off the power supply, detaching the cable from the electric cabinet 340 and rolling the cable into a disc;
and fourthly, finally unloading the roof suspension mechanism and well performing protection work: the dismantling personnel must first be protected from damaging the existing roof structure when dismantling the suspension means.
Finally, it should be emphasized that the above-described embodiments are merely preferred examples of the invention, which is not intended to limit the invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A hanging basket for a building outer wall is characterized by comprising a suspension system and a suspension system;
the suspension system comprises two groups, each group comprises a suspension structure, a stroke limiting disc, a heavy hammer, a working steel wire rope and a safety steel wire rope, the suspension structure is used for being installed at a top supporting position of a building, and the suspension structure comprises a front support, a rear support, a front adjusting seat, a rear adjusting seat, an upper support, a front beam, a middle beam, a rear beam, a hanging head, a climbing rope, a rear pulling climbing rope, a screw buckle, a rope clamp and a balancing weight; the front support is positioned in front of the rear support, and the rear support is connected with the balancing weight; the front support is connected with the front adjusting seat, the height of the front adjusting seat relative to the front support is adjustable, the rear support is connected with the rear adjusting seat, and the height of the rear adjusting seat relative to the rear support is adjustable; the front beam is connected to the front adjusting seat and extends forwards relative to the front adjusting seat, the rear beam is connected to the rear adjusting seat, and the front beam, the middle beam and the rear beam are sequentially connected and adjustable in connection length; the upper support is connected with the front adjusting seat; the rope clamp is arranged on the middle beam or the rear beam in front of the rear support, the rear pull tab is arranged at the rear end of the rear beam, and the lifting head is arranged at the front end of the front beam; the first end of the screw fastener is connected with the rear pull tab, the second end of the screw fastener is connected with the first end of the climbing rope, the climbing rope bypasses the rear pull tab and the top end of the upper support, and the second end of the climbing rope is connected with the hoisting head; the first end of the working steel wire rope and the first end of the safety steel wire rope are connected with the rope clamp, the working steel wire rope and the safety steel wire rope respectively bypass the hanging head and then fall, and the second end of the working steel wire rope and the second end of the safety steel wire rope are respectively connected with the heavy hammer; the stroke limiting disc is arranged on the falling safety steel wire rope;
the suspension system comprises a suspension platform, a safety lock, a lifter and an electric cabinet, wherein the electric cabinet is arranged on the suspension platform; the suspension platform comprises one or a plurality of rail bottoms, first rail pieces, second rail pieces and two end enclosure mounting frames, wherein the rail bottoms are sequentially arranged along the length direction, the first rail pieces are connected to the front ends of the rail bottoms, the second rail pieces are connected to the rear ends of the rail bottoms, the number of the first rail pieces and the number of the second rail pieces are respectively the same as the number of the rail bottoms, the first rail pieces are connected with the rail bottoms in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the second rail pieces are connected with the rail bottoms in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and the adjacent first rail pieces, the adjacent second rail pieces, the adjacent first rail pieces and the end enclosure mounting frames and the adjacent second rail pieces and the end enclosure mounting frames are mutually connected; each seal head mounting frame is connected with the safety lock and the elevator, the working steel wire rope which falls vertically penetrates through the safety lock and the elevator, and the safety steel wire rope which falls vertically penetrates through the safety lock.
2. The hanging basket for the outer wall of the building as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
the rear support is bilaterally symmetrically provided with a plurality of support rods extending upwards, a through hole matched with the support rods is formed in the middle of each balancing weight, at least one balancing weight is placed on each support rod, the lower end of each balancing weight is provided with a groove, the upper end of each balancing weight is provided with a lug, and the groove is used for being matched with a base at the lower end of the rear support or matched with the lug of the balancing weight stacked below;
the upper end of the supporting rod is provided with a mounting hole, and the mounting hole is used for being matched with a fastener to fix the balancing weight on the supporting rod.
3. The hanging basket for the external wall of the building as claimed in claim 2, wherein:
the rear support comprises a square first connecting pipe sleeve, the rear adjusting seat comprises a square second connecting pipe sleeve, the second connecting pipe sleeve is sleeved in the first connecting pipe sleeve, and the first connecting pipe sleeve and the second connecting pipe sleeve are connected after the height is adjusted;
the rear adjusting seat further comprises a first supporting groove located at the top end of the second connecting pipe sleeve, the tail end of the rear beam is connected in the first supporting groove, and the rear pull tab is connected to the outer side of the first supporting groove.
4. A hanging basket for a building exterior wall according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein:
the front end of the middle beam extends into the front beam and is connected with the front beam, the rear end of the middle beam extends into the rear beam and is connected with the rear beam, and the rope is connected to the outer side of the connection position of the rear beam and the middle beam in a clamping manner; the lifting ring of the turnbuckle is connected with the rope clamp, and the first end of the climbing rope is connected with the hook part of the turnbuckle.
5. A hanging basket for a building exterior wall according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein:
the front support comprises a square third connecting pipe sleeve, the front adjusting seat comprises a square fourth connecting pipe sleeve, the fourth connecting pipe sleeve is sleeved in the second connecting pipe sleeve, and the fourth connecting pipe sleeve is connected with the second connecting pipe sleeve after the height is adjusted;
the front adjusting seat further comprises a second supporting groove positioned at the top end of the fourth connecting pipe sleeve, and the middle of the front beam is connected in the second supporting groove; the upper support comprises a connecting groove, a supporting column and a pulley, wherein the supporting column extends upwards from the connecting groove, the pulley is arranged at the top end of the supporting column, the connecting groove is connected to the outer side of the second supporting groove, and the climbing rope is wound around the pulley.
6. A hanging basket for a building exterior wall according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein:
the stroke limiting disc is formed by splicing two symmetrical half discs and comprises a disc body and a connecting sleeve positioned in the middle of the disc body, and the connecting sleeve is matched with the safety steel wire rope.
7. A hanging basket for a building exterior wall according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein:
the number of the hurdle bottoms is one, two or three;
the front end and the rear end of the fence bottom are respectively provided with a transverse mounting rack and vertical mounting racks positioned at two ends of the transverse mounting rack; first fence piece with second fence piece all includes first horizontal railing and is located respectively the first vertical railing at first horizontal railing both ends, first horizontal railing with horizontal mounting bracket connects, first vertical railing with vertical mounting bracket connects.
8. The hanging basket for the external wall of the building as claimed in claim 7, wherein:
the end socket mounting rack comprises at least two second transverse railings and second vertical railings located at two ends of the second transverse railings, the safety lock is installed on the second transverse railing above the safety lock, and the elevator is installed on the second transverse railing below the safety lock; the adjacent two between the first vertical railing and adjacent first vertical railing with second vertical railing between interconnect.
9. A hanging basket for a building exterior wall according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein:
the lower end of the bottom rail is provided with a reinforcing rod extending in the front-back direction;
the first idler wheel on the safety lock faces the inner side of the suspension platform, the end enclosure mounting frame is connected with a second idler wheel, the second idler wheel faces the inner side of the suspension platform, and the working steel wire rope extends out of the safety lock, passes through the second idler wheel and then enters the hoisting machine; the lifter is arranged on the inner side of the seal head mounting frame;
the height of the first hurdle sheet is greater than that of the second hurdle sheet; the electric cabinet is arranged on the first column piece, and the surface of the electric cabinet with the button faces the interior of the suspension platform;
the front support is at a certain distance from the edge of the building, and the front end of the front beam extends out of the edge of the building; the edge of the building is provided with or not provided with a parapet wall, and when the parapet wall is arranged, the front beam spans from the upper part of the parapet wall;
all the connected parts are fixed through bolts;
the distance between the hanging heads of the two groups of the suspension systems is larger than or equal to the distance between the two seal head mounting frames in the suspension systems.
10. A method for installing a gondola for a building exterior wall according to any of claims 1 to 9, characterized by comprising the steps of:
step 1: assembling the suspension structure: -carrying all the components of the suspension structure to a mounting platform on top of the building; after the height is adjusted, the rear support is fixedly connected with the rear adjusting seat, and the front support is fixedly connected with the front adjusting seat; placing the front beam on the front adjusting seat, placing the upper support on the front adjusting seat, and fixedly connecting the front beam, the front adjusting seat and the upper support; connecting the center sill to the front sill and the rear sill to the center sill; connecting the rear beam to the rear adjustment mount; connecting the rear pull tab to a connection of the rear beam and the rear adjustment seat; attaching the cleat to the rear beam or the center beam in front of the rear adjustment seat, the turnbuckle being attached to the cleat; connecting the head to a front end of the front beam; forming a first circular ring at a first end of the climbing rope through a rope chuck, wherein the first circular ring is connected with the turnbuckle, the climbing rope bypasses the rear pull climbing and passes through the top end of the upper support, a second circular ring is formed at a second end of the climbing rope through the rope chuck, and the second circular ring is connected with the hanging head; screwing the turnbuckle to ensure that the front end of the front beam has the upward tilting trend, and then respectively screwing the fasteners at the joints of all the parts; extending the front beam beyond an edge of the building; adjusting the distance between the two hanging heads; placing the balancing weights on the rear supports respectively; connecting the first end of the working steel wire rope with the rope clamp, enabling the second end of the working steel wire rope to penetrate out of the lifting head and hang on the ground, connecting the first end of the safety steel wire rope with the rope clamp, and enabling the second end of the safety steel wire rope to penetrate out of the lifting head and hang on the ground; mounting the stroke limiting disc on the safety steel wire rope;
step 2: assembling the suspension platform: placing the rail bottom according to the required length, respectively connecting the first rail piece and the second rail piece at the front end and the rear end of the rail bottom, connecting the adjacent first rail piece and the adjacent second rail piece, and connecting the first rail piece and the second rail piece with the end enclosure mounting frame at the two tail ends of the rail bottom; an electric cabinet is hung on the first rail sheet, and the safety lock and the hoister are arranged on the seal head mounting frame;
and step 3: rope threading: straightening the working steel wire rope and the safety steel wire rope; passing the working wire rope through the safety lock and the hoist; when the working steel wire rope is completely tightened and stressed, inserting the safety steel wire rope into a central hole of the safety lock; and fixing the heavy hammer at the lower ends of the working steel wire rope and the safety steel wire rope respectively.
CN202011278870.7A 2020-11-16 2020-11-16 Hanging basket for building outer wall and mounting method thereof Pending CN112431399A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN113006456A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-22 中建三局集团有限公司 Ultrahigh-rise unequal-height ring beam clamp type hanging basket support and construction method thereof
CN113250434A (en) * 2021-06-24 2021-08-13 安徽长青建筑制品有限公司 Multifunctional composite scaffold system
CN113756558A (en) * 2021-09-30 2021-12-07 北京建工集团有限责任公司 High-rise assembled steel structure system externally hung hanging basket installation structure and construction method thereof
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CN115450414A (en) * 2022-09-29 2022-12-09 中国二十二冶集团有限公司 Method for dispersing heavy hammer positions of hanging basket for outer wall construction

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CN113006456A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-22 中建三局集团有限公司 Ultrahigh-rise unequal-height ring beam clamp type hanging basket support and construction method thereof
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CN114572907A (en) * 2022-03-21 2022-06-03 南京辛巴智能装备有限公司 Integrated counterweight support
CN115450414A (en) * 2022-09-29 2022-12-09 中国二十二冶集团有限公司 Method for dispersing heavy hammer positions of hanging basket for outer wall construction

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Effective date of registration: 20210402

Address after: No.13 Heqing Road, Cuiheng New District, Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province, 528400

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Address before: No.13 Heqing Road, Cuiheng New District, Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province, 528400

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Application publication date: 20210302