CN112243741A - Flower art box - Google Patents

Flower art box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112243741A
CN112243741A CN202011273214.8A CN202011273214A CN112243741A CN 112243741 A CN112243741 A CN 112243741A CN 202011273214 A CN202011273214 A CN 202011273214A CN 112243741 A CN112243741 A CN 112243741A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
flower
pipeline
controller
box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011273214.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhengzhou Chengsen Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Zhengzhou Chengsen Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Zhengzhou Chengsen Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Zhengzhou Chengsen Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202011273214.8A priority Critical patent/CN112243741A/en
Publication of CN112243741A publication Critical patent/CN112243741A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/003Controls for self-acting watering devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/02Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots having a water reservoir, the main part thereof being located wholly around or directly beside the growth substrate
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Cultivation Receptacles Or Flower-Pots, Or Pots For Seedlings (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of municipal facilities, and particularly discloses a flower art box which comprises a flower box, wherein a cavity is arranged in the flower box, a partition plate used for dividing the cavity into a first cavity and a second cavity is arranged in the flower box, the first cavity is positioned above the second cavity, a filter layer, a soil layer and flowers and plants planted in the soil layer are sequentially arranged in the first cavity from bottom to top, a drainage device is arranged between the second cavity and the first cavity, and the drainage device comprises a first pipeline and a second pipeline; still including setting up the controller on the flower case, the controller is connected with the power, just set up a plurality of humidity transducer in the soil horizon, a plurality of humidity transducer pass through the controller and are connected with the suction pump electricity. The automatic irrigation system for the flower box realizes automatic irrigation of the flower box, does not need participation of workers, reduces the labor amount and labor cost of the workers, and enables the flower box to be more intelligent.

Description

Flower art box
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of municipal facilities, in particular to a flower art box.
Background
The air pollution of cities can be improved by increasing the greening amount, the PM 2.5 is reduced, and the urban heat island effect is reduced, so that the method is an important way for improving the ecological environment. Nowadays, people pay more and more attention to the living environment, and the requirements for various facilities are continuously improved. In order to meet the requirements of road landscape, park landscape, household use and the like, plants such as flowers and plants need to be planted, and the flower art boxes are gradually applied to the two sides of the road in a large range.
However, as the demand for flower boxes for growing plants such as flowers, grass and the like is increased, the flower boxes need to be frequently watered, which is a great labor for green workers, consumes a large amount of municipal water and hires a large number of workers, and is also a great cost for governments; in addition, the traditional watering mode is used for watering the flower art box by matching a watering vehicle with a worker, and traffic jam can be caused due to slow walking.
Based on this, how to conveniently water the flower art box and reduce the labor capacity of workers and government cost is a technical problem which needs to be solved by the technical personnel in the field at present.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a flower art box.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
a flower art box comprises a flower box body, wherein a cavity is arranged in the flower box body, a partition plate used for dividing the cavity into a first cavity and a second cavity is arranged in the flower box body, the first cavity is positioned above the second cavity, a plurality of through holes communicated with the first cavity and the second cavity are uniformly distributed in the partition plate, a filter layer, a soil layer and flowers and plants planted in the soil layer are sequentially arranged in the first cavity from bottom to top, the upper end of the soil layer is lower than the upper edge of the flower box body, the fact that the space of the first cavity, which is positioned at the upper end of the soil layer, can store water sources, the stored water can sequentially permeate through the soil layer and the filter layer from top to bottom and penetrate through the through holes in the partition plate to enter the second cavity for collection is achieved, a drainage device is arranged between the second cavity and the first cavity, and the water stored in the second cavity is discharged into the first cavity for irrigation, a water inlet and a water outlet which are communicated with the second cavity are arranged on the flower box;
the drainage device comprises a first pipeline and a second pipeline, one end of the first pipeline is connected with the second cavity through a water suction pump, the other end of the first pipeline extends upwards to a position higher than flowers and plants in the first cavity, the end of the first pipeline is connected with a spray head, one end of the second pipeline is connected with the second cavity through the water suction pump, and the other end of the second pipeline is communicated with the space above the soil layer in the first cavity;
the flower box is characterized by further comprising a controller arranged on the flower box, the controller is connected with a power supply, a plurality of humidity sensors are arranged in the soil layer and electrically connected with the water suction pump through the controller, the temperature sensors are used for transmitting signals of detected humidity in the soil layer to the controller, the controller compares the received signals with preset humidity values and controls the water suction pump according to processing results;
the power is including setting up solar panel and battery on the flower case, be provided with the chamber that holds that is used for placing controller and battery in the box, solar panel passes through the battery and is connected with the controller electricity.
Further, still include rainwater collecting system, and include the third pipeline, the first cavity circumference of upper end ring of flower case is provided with annular heavy groove, the tank bottom of heavy groove pass through the third pipeline with the second cavity union coupling, just a plurality of filtration pores of equipartition on the lateral wall of heavy groove and first cavity to the rainwater process that falls into first cavity upper end is gone into after filtering the filtration pore the collection of rainwater is realized in the heavy groove and along third pipeline inflow second cavity.
Further, the bottom of the sinking groove gradually shrinks downwards.
Further, a first electromagnetic valve is arranged on the third pipeline and electrically connected with a liquid level sensor in the second cavity through a controller.
Furthermore, the upper end of the flower box is provided with an overflow port communicated with the sink tank, and the position of the overflow port is slightly higher than the upper end of the soil layer.
And the bottom end of the tank body is higher than the upper end of the second cavity, the bottom end of the tank body is connected with the upper end of the second cavity through a second electromagnetic valve pipe, and the second electromagnetic valve is electrically connected with the controller.
Further, the filter layer includes filtration gauze, fine sand, coarse sand and stone, it lays on the baffle from up in proper order down to filter gauze, fine sand, coarse sand and stone, just the baffle is stainless steel wire net.
Further, still include clearance mechanism, clearance mechanism includes the stirring rake and the drive parallel with the bottom of second cavity the motor of stirring rake at horizontal internal rotation, the stirring rake includes axle sleeve and a plurality of ring the blade of axle sleeve equipartition, the axle sleeve is connected with the pivot of motor, just the lower extreme of blade is provided with the brush hair, the brush hair is contradicted with the bottom of second cavity.
Further, the second cavity is cylindrical, the blade is connected with a scraping rod parallel to the side wall of the second cavity, bristles are arranged on one side, opposite to the side wall of the second cavity, of the scraping rod, and the bristles are abutted to the side wall of the second cavity.
Further, the water outlet is electrically connected with the controller through a third electromagnetic valve.
Compared with the prior art, the flower art box provided by the invention has a distinctive structure and is convenient to operate, the cavity is divided into a first cavity and a second cavity by horizontally arranging the partition board in the flower box, the water pumped into the second cavity is discharged into the first cavity through the first pipeline and the second pipeline by the water pump to irrigate flowers and plants in the first cavity, specifically, the water discharged by the second pipeline directly falls onto the soil layer of the first cavity to moisten soil, the water discharged by the first pipeline is sprayed onto the flowers and plants through the spray head to clean blades of the flowers and plants, namely, the flowers and plants in the first cavity are comprehensively irrigated through the first pipeline and the second pipeline, and the controller arranged in the flower box controls whether the water discharge device works or not according to a signal detected by the humidity sensor arranged in the soil layer, specifically, when the humidity fed back to the soil layer of the controller by the humidity sensor is lower than the preset humidity required by the normal growth of the flowers and plants, the controller controls the water drainage device to inject water into the first cavity; when the fed back humidity in the soil layer is larger than the humidity required by the normal growth of the flowers and the plants, the controller controls the drainage device to stop water injection so as to realize automatic control of the drainage device;
the power supply for supplying power to the controller, the water suction pump and the humidity sensor is set to be the solar panel, the generated electric energy is stored in the storage battery through the connection of the solar panel and the storage battery, the power supply of the storage battery is used for avoiding no power supply in cloudy days, so that the whole device can not work normally, the self-sufficiency of the electric energy is realized through the solar panel, and the problem of difficulty in routing at two sides of a road is avoided;
in addition, rainwater falling into the first cavity in rainy days leaks layer by layer and finally flows into the second cavity to be collected, the rainwater mixed with soil is filtered by the filter layer to ensure that the rainwater entering the second cavity does not contain soil, so that the cleanness of the second cavity is ensured, the problem that the volume of the second cavity is reduced and a water suction pump is blocked due to the fact that the soil is deposited in the second cavity is avoided, the rainwater is collected by the filter layer, municipal water is saved, too much municipal water is not required to be injected into the second cavity through the water inlet, the cost of the municipal water is reduced, the rainwater can supplement the water in the second cavity, and a longer circulation period is realized;
the automatic irrigation of flower box has been realized to this device, need not staff's participation, has reduced staff's the amount of labour and human cost, makes the flower box more intelligent.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a top view of a flower art box.
FIG. 2 is a sectional view A-A of a flower art box.
FIG. 3 is a B-B cross-sectional view of a flower art box.
In the figure: 1. the water pump comprises a flower box, 101, a water outlet, 102, a water inlet, 2, a cavity, 201, stones, 202, coarse sand, 203, fine sand, 204, a filter gauze, 3, a solar panel, 4, an overflow port, 5, an interlayer, 6, a sink, 7, a spray head, 8, a second pipeline, 9, a cleaning mechanism, 901, a motor, 902, a blade, 903, a shaft sleeve, 10, a tank body, 11, a second electromagnetic valve, 12, a third pipeline, 13, a first electromagnetic valve, 14, bristles, 15, a first cavity, 16, flowers, 17, a first pipeline, 18, a soil layer, 19, a humidity sensor, 20, a filter layer, 21, a partition board, 22, a scraping rod, 23, a water pump, 24, a second cavity, 25, a controller, 26, a liquid level sensor, 27, a storage battery and 28, a third electromagnetic valve.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is to be understood that the described embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention, and not restrictive of the full scope of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, a flower art box as a preferred embodiment of the present invention includes a flower box 1, a cavity 2 is disposed in the flower box 1, a partition 21 for dividing the cavity 2 into a first cavity 15 and a second cavity 24 is disposed in the flower box 1, the partition 21 is horizontally disposed, the first cavity 15 is located above the second cavity 24, a plurality of through holes for communicating the first cavity 15 with the second cavity 24 are uniformly distributed on the partition 21, preferably, the partition 21 is made of a stainless steel wire mesh for supporting, a filter layer 20, a soil layer 18 and flowers 16 planted in the soil layer 18 are sequentially disposed in the first cavity 15 from bottom to top, an upper end of the soil layer 18 is lower than an upper edge of the flower box 1, so that a space of the first cavity 15 located at an upper end of the soil layer 18 can store a water source, and the stored water can sequentially permeate through the soil layer 18, the filter layer 20, the flower 16, and the water, And the rainwater which penetrates through the through hole on the partition plate 21 enters the second cavity 24 to be collected, namely, under normal conditions, the rainwater can leak downwards due to gravity after entering the soil layer 18, when the rainwater leaks to the lower part of the soil layer 18, the flowers and the plants 16 can not absorb the moisture in the soil, the separation plate 21 is provided with the through hole to realize that the rainwater leaks downwards from the soil and falls into the second cavity 24 to be collected, the filter layer 20 filters soil in the rainwater to ensure that the rainwater entering the second cavity 24 is clean, a drainage device is arranged between the second cavity 24 and the first cavity 15 to realize that the rainwater stored in the second cavity 24 is drained into the first cavity 15 to be irrigated, the rainwater which leaks from the soil is drained into the upper layer of the soil layer 18 again through the drainage device to ensure that the flowers and the plants 16 can normally absorb the rainwater, the rainwater can be efficiently utilized, and the rainwater which falls into the first cavity 15 can also enter the second cavity 24 through the seepage in rainy day Collecting, namely reducing the injection of municipal water into the second cavity 24 in the later period, wherein the flower box 1 is provided with a water inlet 102 and a water outlet 101 which are communicated with the second cavity 24, specifically, the water inlet 102 is arranged at the upper part of the flower box 1, water is supplemented into the second cavity 24 through the water inlet 102, the water outlet 101 is arranged at the bottom of the flower box 1, and the water outlet 101 is provided with a plug to be closed;
the drainage device comprises a first pipeline 17 and a second pipeline 8, one end of the first pipeline 17 is connected with a spray head 7 through a water suction pump 23 and a second cavity 24 in a pipe manner, the other end of the first pipeline 17 upwards extends to a position higher than the flower 16 in the first cavity 15 and the end of the first pipeline is connected with the spray head 7, preferably, the first pipeline 17 is vertically arranged in the middle of the first cavity 15, the water suction pump 23 is arranged in the second cavity 24, water in the second cavity 24 is extracted through the water suction pump 23 and sprayed to the flower 16 from the spray head 7, the flower 16 is washed, the surface of the flower 16 is kept clean, a hole of an electric wire connected with the water suction pump 23 is formed in the side wall of the second cavity 24, sealing waterproof glue is coated in the hole, water is prevented from leaking from the hole, one end of the second pipeline 8 is connected with the second cavity 24 through the water suction pump 23, and the other end of the second pipeline is communicated with the space above the inner layer 18 of the first cavity 15, water in the second cavity 24 is pumped by the suction pump 23 and discharged from the second pipe 8 onto the soil layer 18;
the flower box is characterized by further comprising a controller 25 arranged on the flower box 1, the controller 25 is connected with a power supply, a plurality of humidity sensors 19 are arranged in the soil layer 18, the humidity sensors 19 are uniformly distributed in the soil layer 18, accuracy of soil humidity measurement is guaranteed, the humidity sensors 19 are electrically connected with the water suction pump 23 through the controller 25, the temperature sensors are used for transmitting detected humidity signals in the soil layer 18 to the controller 25, the controller 25 compares the received signals with preset humidity values and controls the water suction pump 23 according to processing results;
the power is including setting up solar panel 3 and battery 27 on the flower case 1, be provided with the chamber that holds that is used for placing controller 25 and battery 27 in the box, solar panel 3 is connected with controller 25 electricity through battery 27, realizes the electric energy self-sufficiency through above-mentioned device, saves the electric power cost.
Preferably, an interlayer 5 is arranged in the flower box 1, the controller 25 and the storage battery 27 are both arranged in the interlayer 5, in this embodiment, the water pump 23 connected with the second pipeline 8 and the second pipeline 8 is arranged in the interlayer 5, and the water pump 23 connected with the second pipeline 8 and the second pipeline 8 can also be arranged in the cavity 2 like the first pipeline 17.
When the flower art box provided by the invention is applied, the cavity 2 is divided into the first cavity 15 and the second cavity 24 by horizontally arranging the partition plate 21 in the flower box 1, the water pumped in the second cavity 24 is discharged into the first cavity 15 through the first pipeline 17 and the second pipeline 8 by the water pump 23, the flowers 16 in the first cavity 15 are irrigated, specifically, the water discharged by the second pipeline 8 directly falls onto the soil layer 18 of the first cavity 15 to moisten the soil, the water discharged by the first pipeline 17 is sprayed onto the flowers 16 through the spray head 7 to clean the blades 902 of the flowers 16, namely, the flowers 16 in the first cavity 15 are irrigated comprehensively through the first pipeline 17 and the second pipeline 8, and whether the drainage device works or not is controlled by the controller 25 arranged in the flower box 1 according to a signal detected by the humidity sensor 19 arranged in the soil layer 18, specifically, when the humidity in the soil layer 18 fed back to the controller 25 by the humidity sensor 19 is lower than the preset humidity required for the normal growth of the flowers and plants 16, the controller 25 controls the water discharging device to inject water into the first cavity 15; when the fed back humidity in the soil layer 18 is larger than the humidity required by the normal growth of the flowers and plants 16, the controller 25 controls the drainage device to stop water injection so as to realize automatic control of the drainage device;
in addition, a power supply for supplying power to the controller 25, the water suction pump 23 and the humidity sensor 19 is set as the solar panel 3, the solar panel 3 is connected with the storage battery 27 to store the generated electric energy in the storage battery 27, the power is supplied by the storage battery 27, the situation that no electric power is supplied in cloudy days is avoided, the whole device cannot work normally, the self-sufficiency of the electric energy is realized by the solar panel 3, and the problem that wiring on two sides of a road is difficult is avoided;
in addition, realize collecting in finally flowing into second cavity 24 through the rainwater successive layer seepage that falls in first cavity 15 in the rainy day, and pass through the rainwater that filter layer 20 will mix with soil filters the rainwater and guarantees that the rainwater that gets into in second cavity 24 does not contain earth to guarantee the cleanness in the second cavity 24, and avoid earth deposit to lead to the volume reduction of second cavity 24 and avoid blockking up suction pump 23 at second cavity 24, and realize the collection to the rainwater through filter layer 20, practice thrift municipal water, do not need too much to inject municipal water into second cavity 24 through water inlet 102, reduce municipal water's cost, can replenish the water in the second cavity 24 through the rainwater, realize longer cycle.
In the above embodiment, the rainwater collecting system further comprises a third pipeline 12, an annular sink groove 6 is arranged around the first cavity 15 at the upper end of the flower box 1, the bottom of the sink groove 6 is connected with the second cavity 24 through the third pipeline 12, and a plurality of filtering holes are uniformly distributed on the side walls of the sink groove 6 and the first cavity 15, so that rainwater falling into the upper end of the first cavity 15 enters the sink groove 6 after being filtered by the filtering holes and flows into the second cavity 24 along the third pipeline 12 to collect the rainwater, that is, the rainwater of the mobile phone is too slow in the seepage manner, so that the collecting efficiency is low, and the rainwater falls into the first cavity 15 in rainy days and then enters the sink groove 6 through the filtering holes, and large-particle impurities in the rainwater are filtered through the filtering holes, so that the rainwater entering the sink groove 6 is clean, the rainwater flows into the second cavity 24 along the third channel after entering the sink 6, so that the rainwater is efficiently collected, and sufficient rainwater can enter the second cavity 24.
Preferably, the bottom of the sinking groove 6 is gradually contracted downwards, so that the residual rainwater in the sinking groove 6 can be gathered at the bottom of the groove and flows into the third channel, and the rainwater residue in the sinking groove 6 is avoided.
For better technical effect, the third pipeline 12 is provided with a first electromagnetic valve 13, the electromagnetic valve is electrically connected with a liquid level sensor 26 in the second cavity 24 through a controller 25, that is, the liquid level height in the second cavity 24 is monitored by the liquid level sensor 26 in real time, when the liquid level height fed back to the controller 25 by the liquid level sensor 26 is lower than a set height in rainy days, the controller 25 controls the first electromagnetic valve 13 to be opened, so that rainwater in the sink 6 can enter the second cavity 24 through the third channel; when the liquid level sensor 26 feeds back the interior liquid level height that controller 25 equals predetermined liquid level height, and controller 25 control first solenoid valve 13 closes, prevents the rainwater in the heavy groove 6 to get into in the second cavity 24, just predetermined liquid level height is less than baffle 21, avoids filter layer 20 soaks in the aquatic of first cavity 15, realizes leaving sufficient space in the second cavity 24 and guarantees the seepage of the interior moisture of soil horizon 18 of first cavity 15, avoids the interior moisture of first cavity 15 to be higher than the suitable scope of the growth of flowers and plants 16 and causes and be unfavorable for flowers and plants 16 to grow.
It should be noted that, in the process of the rainwater entering the second cavity 24, the gas in the second cavity 24 is squeezed and discharged from the water inlet 102.
Preferably, the upper end of the flower box 1 is provided with an overflow port 4 communicated with the sink 6, the position of the overflow port 4 is slightly higher than the upper end of the soil layer 18, namely when the first electromagnetic valve 13 is closed, rainwater falling into the first cavity 15 is discharged from the overflow port 4, and the rainwater is prevented from gathering in the first cavity 15 to cause flooding injury to the flowers and plants 16.
In one embodiment, a nutrient adding system is further included, and comprises a tank body 10 filled with nutrient solution, the tank body 10 is arranged in the interlayer 5, the bottom end of the tank body 10 is higher than the upper end of the second cavity 24, so that the height difference is ensured, and the bottom end of the tank body 10 is connected with the upper end of the second cavity 24 through a second electromagnetic valve 11, the second electromagnetic valve 11 is electrically connected with a controller 25, preferably, the controller 25 is a PLC programmed controller 25, by presetting the cycle time at the controller 25, the timing control of the opening of the second electromagnetic valve 11 is realized, the nutrient solution in the tank 10 flows into the second cavity 24 under the action of gravity to be mixed with water, then the fertilizer is discharged into the first cavity 15 through a drainage device to realize the fertilization of the flowers and the plants 16, the inlet of the tank body 10 is arranged on the side surface of the flower box 1 and is sealed through a plug, and nutrient solution can be supplemented into the tank body 10 only by opening the plug.
Specifically, filter layer 20 is including filtering gauze 204, fine sand 203, coarse sand 202 and stone 201, filter gauze 204, fine sand 203, coarse sand 202 and stone 201 from up laying on baffle 21 in proper order down, soil horizon 18 sets up on stone 201, just baffle 21 is stainless steel wire net, because soil horizon 18 has been sneaked into to water, makes the aquatic sneaked into earth, filters the earth that does not particle size through the successive layer and realizes that the water that gets into in second cavity 24 is clean water.
In the above embodiment, the cleaning device further includes a cleaning mechanism 9, the cleaning mechanism 9 includes a stirring paddle parallel to the bottom of the second cavity 24 and a motor 901 driving the stirring paddle to rotate in a horizontal plane, specifically, the motor 901 is vertically disposed in the interlayer 5, a rotating shaft of the motor 901 extends into the second cavity 24 and is connected to the stirring paddle located in the second cavity 24, the rotating shaft of the motor 901 and the bottom of the second cavity 24 are dynamically sealed to prevent water leakage, and the dynamic seal is a common sealing structure, the stirring paddle includes a shaft sleeve 903 and a plurality of blades 902 uniformly distributed around the shaft sleeve 903, the shaft sleeve 903 is connected to the rotating shaft of the motor 901, bristles 14 are disposed at lower ends of the blades 902, the bristles 14 abut against the bottom of the second cavity 24, that is, the motor 901 drives the stirring paddle to stir water in the second cavity 24, realize nutrient solution and water homogeneous mixing, and also drive brush hair 14 through the stirring rake and clear up the bottom of second cavity 24 and avoid the bottom deposit of second cavity 24 to have earth, and through regularly discharging remaining water in the second cavity 24, avoid the water in the second cavity 24 to deteriorate for a long time, and when putting out water from delivery port 101, spill the earth of deposit in the bottom through the stirring rake earlier and mix with water, finally realize earth along with the water discharge.
Preferably, second cavity 24 is cylindrical, blade 902 is connected with scrapes the pole 22 with the parallel of second cavity 24 lateral wall, just scrape the pole 22 and set up brush hair 14 with the opposite one side of second cavity 24 lateral wall, brush hair 14 contradicts with second cavity 24's lateral wall, promptly through the stirring rake pivoted drives simultaneously scrape brush clearance second cavity 24 lateral wall on the pole 22 adnexed earth, realize comprehensive clearance.
Preferably, the water outlet 101 is electrically connected to the controller 25 through the third solenoid valve 28, that is, the controller 25 switches the third solenoid valve on and off periodically, so as to realize automatic control of discharging the water in the second cavity 24, thereby avoiding human intervention.
Finally, it should also be noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising an … …" does not exclude the presence of other identical elements in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
The embodiments in the present description are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a flower art case, includes flower case (1), be provided with cavity (2) in flower case (1), its characterized in that, set up baffle (21) that are used for separating the cavity for first cavity (15) and second cavity (24) in flower case (1), first cavity (15) are located the top of second cavity (24), just the through-hole of the first cavity of a plurality of intercommunications of equipartition (15) and second cavity (24) on baffle (21), from up having set gradually filter layer (20), soil horizon (18) and planting from down in first cavity (15) flowers and plants in soil horizon (18), the upper end of soil horizon (18) is less than the last edge of flower case (1), realizes that first cavity (15) are located soil horizon (18) space can be followed the water of storing and the water of storing the upper end and down infiltration soil horizon (18) and filter layer (20) in proper order, The water enters the second cavity (24) through the through holes in the partition plate (21) to be collected, a drainage device is arranged between the second cavity (24) and the first cavity (15) to drain water stored in the second cavity (24) into the first cavity (15) for irrigation, and a water inlet (102) and a water outlet (101) which are communicated with the second cavity (24) are formed in the flower box (1);
the drainage device comprises a first pipeline (17) and a second pipeline (8), one end of the first pipeline (17) is connected with a second cavity (24) through a water suction pump (23), the other end of the first pipeline extends upwards to a position higher than flowers and plants in the first cavity (15), the end of the first pipeline is connected with a spray head (7), one end of the second pipeline (8) is connected with the second cavity (24) through the water suction pump (23), and the other end of the second pipeline is communicated with a space above a soil layer (18) in the first cavity (15);
the flower box is characterized by further comprising a controller (25) arranged on the flower box (1), the controller (25) is connected with a power supply, a plurality of humidity sensors (19) are arranged in the soil layer (18), the humidity sensors (19) are electrically connected with the water suction pump (23) through the controller (25), the humidity sensors (19) are used for transmitting detected humidity signals in the soil layer (18) to the controller (25), the controller (25) compares the received signals with preset humidity values and controls the water suction pump (23) according to processing results;
the power is including setting up solar panel (3) and battery (27) on flower case (1), be provided with the chamber that holds that is used for placing controller (25) and battery (27) in box (1), solar panel (3) are connected with controller (25) electricity through battery (27).
2. The flower art box according to claim 1, further comprising a rainwater collection system and a third pipeline (12), wherein an annular sink groove (6) is formed in the upper end of the flower box (1) around the circumference of the first cavity (15), the bottom of the sink groove (6) is connected with the second cavity (24) through the third pipeline (12), and a plurality of filtering holes are uniformly distributed in the side walls of the sink groove (6) and the first cavity (15), so that rainwater falling into the upper end of the first cavity (15) enters the sink groove (6) after being filtered by the filtering holes and flows into the second cavity (24) along the third pipeline (12) to collect the rainwater.
3. The flower art box according to claim 2, wherein the bottom of the sinking groove (6) is gradually contracted downwards.
4. The flower art box according to claim 2, characterized in that a first solenoid valve (13) is arranged on the third pipeline (12), and the first solenoid valve (13) is electrically connected with a liquid level sensor (26) in the second cavity (24) through a controller (25).
5. The flower art box according to claim 2, characterized in that the upper end of the flower box (1) is provided with an overflow port (4) communicated with the sink (6), and the overflow port (4) is positioned slightly higher than the upper end of the soil layer (18).
6. The flower art box as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a nutrient adding system, and further comprising a tank body (10) filled with nutrient solution, wherein the bottom end of the tank body (10) is higher than the upper end of the second cavity (24), the bottom end of the tank body (10) is connected with the upper end of the second cavity (24) through a second electromagnetic valve (11) by a pipe, and the second electromagnetic valve (11) is electrically connected with the controller (25).
7. The flower art box as claimed in claim 1, wherein the filter layer (20) comprises a filter gauze (204), fine sand (203), coarse sand (202) and stones (201), the filter gauze (204), the fine sand (203), the coarse sand (202) and the stones (201) are sequentially laid on the partition board (21) from bottom to top, and the partition board (21) is a stainless steel wire mesh.
8. The flower art box as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a cleaning mechanism, wherein the cleaning mechanism (9) comprises a stirring paddle parallel to the bottom of the second cavity (24) and a motor (901) for driving the stirring paddle to rotate in a horizontal plane, the stirring paddle comprises a shaft sleeve (903) and a plurality of blades (902) uniformly distributed around the shaft sleeve (903), the shaft sleeve (903) is connected with a rotating shaft of the motor (901), bristles (14) are arranged at the lower ends of the blades (902), and the bristles (14) are abutted against the bottom of the second cavity (24).
9. The flower art box as claimed in claim 8, wherein the second cavity (24) is cylindrical, the blade (902) is connected with a scraping rod (22) parallel to the side wall of the second cavity (24), and the side of the scraping rod (22) opposite to the side wall of the second cavity (24) is provided with bristles (14), and the bristles (14) are abutted against the side wall of the second cavity (24).
10. The flower art box as claimed in claim 1, wherein the water outlet (101) is electrically connected with the controller (25) through a third solenoid valve (28).
CN202011273214.8A 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 Flower art box Pending CN112243741A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011273214.8A CN112243741A (en) 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 Flower art box

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011273214.8A CN112243741A (en) 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 Flower art box

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CN112243741A true CN112243741A (en) 2021-01-22

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CN202011273214.8A Pending CN112243741A (en) 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 Flower art box

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112956405A (en) * 2021-01-29 2021-06-15 徐州八方建筑工程有限公司 Automatic irrigation equipment of greenbelt water purification

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106677441A (en) * 2016-12-24 2017-05-17 河南科技学院 Gardening plant module technology suitable for roof garden rainwater storage and supply
CN206821250U (en) * 2017-05-02 2018-01-02 广元市朝恩生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of fertilizer spreading tank carried from cleaning function
CN206895313U (en) * 2017-07-08 2018-01-19 杭州绿风生态环境建设集团有限公司 A kind of flower case with rain collecting and using function
CN208972109U (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-06-14 新疆华庭工贸有限公司 A kind of combination shape wood flower case
CN209345635U (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-09-06 天津延强科技有限公司 With solar powered flower case apparatus
CN209768493U (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-12-13 南京林业大学 Automatic water replenishing device for landscape flowerpot

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106677441A (en) * 2016-12-24 2017-05-17 河南科技学院 Gardening plant module technology suitable for roof garden rainwater storage and supply
CN206821250U (en) * 2017-05-02 2018-01-02 广元市朝恩生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of fertilizer spreading tank carried from cleaning function
CN206895313U (en) * 2017-07-08 2018-01-19 杭州绿风生态环境建设集团有限公司 A kind of flower case with rain collecting and using function
CN208972109U (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-06-14 新疆华庭工贸有限公司 A kind of combination shape wood flower case
CN209345635U (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-09-06 天津延强科技有限公司 With solar powered flower case apparatus
CN209768493U (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-12-13 南京林业大学 Automatic water replenishing device for landscape flowerpot

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112956405A (en) * 2021-01-29 2021-06-15 徐州八方建筑工程有限公司 Automatic irrigation equipment of greenbelt water purification

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Application publication date: 20210122