CN110761499B - Reduce urban waterlogging's energy-conserving building wall device - Google Patents

Reduce urban waterlogging's energy-conserving building wall device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110761499B
CN110761499B CN201911068125.7A CN201911068125A CN110761499B CN 110761499 B CN110761499 B CN 110761499B CN 201911068125 A CN201911068125 A CN 201911068125A CN 110761499 B CN110761499 B CN 110761499B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
irrigation
water
flocculation
storage cavity
water storage
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CN201911068125.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110761499A (en
Inventor
申忠领
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Guangdong Kaisen Engineering Co., Ltd
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Guangdong Kaisen Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201911068125.7A priority Critical patent/CN110761499B/en
Publication of CN110761499A publication Critical patent/CN110761499A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/005Special arrangements or adaptations of the spraying or distributing parts, e.g. adaptations or mounting of the spray booms, mounting of the nozzles, protection shields
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0082Undercarriages, frames, mountings, couplings, tanks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0082Undercarriages, frames, mountings, couplings, tanks
    • A01M7/0085Tanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F23/00Mixing according to the phases to be mixed, e.g. dispersing or emulsifying
    • B01F23/40Mixing liquids with liquids; Emulsifying
    • B01F23/43Mixing liquids with liquids; Emulsifying using driven stirrers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/80Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F27/90Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with paddles or arms 
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/5281Installations for water purification using chemical agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F2001/007Processes including a sedimentation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D2013/0495Drainage on the roof surface to storage tanks

Abstract

The invention relates to an energy-saving building wall device for reducing urban inland inundation, which comprises a rainwater collecting component, a water body processing component and an irrigation component. Through having carried out concrete setting to each part, realized can extracting the rainwater in the cavity on the building wall body lateral wall in the time of the torrential rain to form well water through handling the back at a slow speed when storing the rainwater, these well water can supply the inside use of building, and unnecessary well water can realize high-efficient irrigation through the specific irrigation equipment of peripheral hardware after handling when needs irrigate gardens simultaneously.

Description

Reduce urban waterlogging's energy-conserving building wall device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of disaster reduction, building and garden irrigation, in particular to an energy-saving building wall device for reducing urban waterlogging.
Background
Urban waterlogging becomes a problem that many cities gradually stand out, and because a large amount of instantaneous rainwater falls into cities in a short time and the cities cannot treat the rainwater in a short time, a large amount of water is accumulated on urban roads and hardened areas, and urban waterlogging is caused. Urban inland inundation causes great loss to cities, but from another point of view, the part of rainwater exists in urban blocks for a long time, so that further pollution is caused to the water body, and the part of the water body needs to consume more cost if being reused by human beings. Reducing waterlogging is primarily done in two ways, one to reduce the amount of water falling to the ground and the second to dispose of the water falling to the ground in a short period of time. At present, some researches on sponge cities mainly pay attention to the fact that after water falls to the ground, waterlogging is reduced by strengthening the water storage capacity of a sewer. At present still some research about directly collecting the rainwater on the building body simultaneously, these all can reduce urban waterlogging, but the rainwater is collected to the simple building body and to the dynamics of total water contribution limited, and the construction in sponge city, the cycle that needs is longer relatively, if have one kind can collect the setting of the temporary water storage device of both of the two, then can the harm of the waterlogging to the city of significantly reducing.
In the waterlogging process, urban plants are mostly washed by excessive water to cause rot to a certain degree, but in a sunny day after rainy days, urban garden departments are required to specially irrigate the urban plants, and how to balance the urban plants to a certain degree needs researchers to carry out more research.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the technical problems, the invention provides an energy-saving building wall device which can reduce urban waterlogging, irrigate plants after rainfall weather is finished and can regulate the temperature of buildings.
The method is realized by the following technical means:
an energy-saving building wall device for reducing urban inland inundation comprises a rainwater collecting component, a water body processing component and an irrigation component.
The rainwater collecting part comprises a water storage cavity, a water storage cavity inlet, a roof drainage channel, a rainwater water pumping pipe, a rainwater water pumping pump, a water pumping hose, a solar panel and a power distribution box; the rainwater suction pipe is provided with the rainwater suction pump, and the rainwater suction pump is used for pumping rainwater on the ground to the inlet of the water storage cavity through the water pumping hose and the rainwater suction pipe; the solar water storage device is characterized in that the solar panels are densely arranged on the outer wall of the water storage cavity, the power distribution box is arranged on the outer wall of the water storage cavity below the solar panels and used for distributing electric energy generated by the solar panels, and a storage battery is further arranged in the power distribution box.
The water body treatment part comprises a quartz sand filtering layer, a flocculating agent spraying part, a floc blocking net, an inclined porous plate, a settling tank, an activated carbon treatment cavity, an indoor reclaimed water discharge port and an irrigation reclaimed water discharge port; the quartz sand filter layer is transversely arranged in a water storage cavity below an inlet of the water storage cavity, quartz sand particles are clamped between upper and lower layers of stainless steel meshes of the quartz sand filter layer, the flocculating agent injection part is arranged below the quartz sand filter layer and comprises a flocculation main rotating pipe, a flocculation branch pipe, a flocculating agent storage box, a rotating rod and a flocculation rotating pipe driving motor, the flocculation main rotating pipe is transversely arranged below the quartz sand filter layer, a plurality of rows of flocculation branch pipes are communicated on the outer wall of the flocculation main rotating pipe, one end of each flocculation branch pipe is communicated with the other end of the flocculation main rotating pipe, the flocculating agent storage box is arranged outside the water storage cavity, one end of the flocculation main rotating pipe is communicated with the flocculating agent storage box, the other end of the flocculation main rotating pipe is sealed, the rotating rod is transversely arranged in the flocculation main rotating pipe, and the flocculation rotating pipe driving motor is fixedly connected with the rotating rod through a coupler, the other end of the rotating rod is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the closed end of the flocculation main rotating pipe, and the flocculation rotating pipe driving motor drives the rotating rod to drive the flocculation main rotating pipe and the flocculation branch pipe to rotate; keep off the below of flocculus net horizontal at flocculating agent injection unit, be provided with below keeping off the flocculus net and make water storage cavity space width dwindle downwards gradually the slope perforated plate, the inner wall rigid coupling other end of slope perforated plate one end and water storage cavity and the diapire rigid coupling of water storage cavity are provided with in the below of slope perforated plate and are used for collecting the precipitate the precipitation tank fills between the inner wall of slope perforated plate and water storage cavity and is equipped with the active carbon granule and forms active carbon treatment chamber, is provided with in the bottom in the active carbon treatment chamber that is close to building wall one end indoor normal water discharge port is provided with in the bottom in the active carbon treatment chamber of keeping away from building wall one end irrigates the normal water discharge port.
The irrigation part comprises an irrigation part shell, an irrigation water inlet hose, a liquid medicine adding box, a stirring shaft, stirring blades, a stirring motor, a partition plate, a dividing drain pipe, a impurity blocking bag, an irrigation water suction pump, an irrigation water suction pipe, a spraying cavity, a spraying head and walking wheels; the device comprises an irrigation component shell, a partition plate, a liquid medicine adding box, a stirring shaft, a stirring motor, a stirring shaft, a plurality of rows of stirring blades, a baffle bag, a bag-shaped structure and a bag-shaped structure, wherein the partition plate is vertically arranged in the irrigation component shell and divides the irrigation component into a stirring area and an irrigation area, one end of the irrigation inlet hose is communicated with an irrigation water discharge port, the other end of the irrigation inlet hose is arranged on one side wall of the irrigation component shell and is communicated with the stirring area in the irrigation component shell, the liquid medicine adding box is arranged outside the irrigation component shell and is communicated with the stirring area, the stirring shaft is vertically arranged in the stirring area, the stirring shaft is provided with the plurality of rows of stirring blades, an output shaft of the stirring motor is fixedly connected with the stirring shaft through a coupler and drives the rotation of the stirring shaft, the partition plate is provided with a plurality of, irrigate the bottom of suction pump setting in irrigating the district, irrigate the suction pipe bottom and irrigate the suction pump intercommunication, the top runs through irrigate the part shell and with spray the chamber intercommunication spray and be provided with a plurality of sprinkler heads on the chamber, the walking wheel sets up irrigate the outer bottom of part shell for the marcing of irrigation part.
Preferably, the water pumping hose can be spliced and extended in multiple stages.
Preferably, the surface of the baffle net is roughened stainless steel net.
Preferably, the activated carbon treatment cavity is provided with two cavities, wherein one cavity is close to the building wall, and the other cavity is far away from the building wall.
Preferably, the settling tank is arranged between two adjacent activated carbon treatment cavities.
Preferably, the irrigation water inlet hose can be lengthened through multi-stage splicing and has elasticity.
Preferably, a rotating half shaft is arranged on the travelling wheel, so that the irrigation component can move straight and turn.
Preferably, the sprinkler head comprises a sprinkler head arranged at the top of the sprinkling cavity and a sprinkler head arranged at the front end of the sprinkling cavity, and each sprinkler head is provided with an opening and closing valve.
Preferably, the indoor reclaimed water discharge port is communicated with indoor reclaimed water using equipment (such as a toilet bowl, a washing water pipe and the like).
Preferably, a resistance heating rod is further provided in the water storage cavity.
The invention has the technical effects that:
by using the water storage cavity provided by the invention on the building outer walls as much as possible, rainwater on the roof can be collected, meanwhile, rainwater on the ground can be extracted to the building outer walls, and the temperature of the water body on the building outer walls can be adjusted by only reasonably setting the thickness of the cavity, so that the indoor temperature of the building can be additionally adjusted. Through carrying out specific processing to the water, can directly handle the rainwater that falls to the ground, because the rainwater does not carry out long-time contact with subaerial a large amount of filths, consequently the processing degree of difficulty is lower relatively to can greatly reduced treatment cost. Can realize falling to the ground the rainwater direct processing for the normal water carries out indoor or outdoor utilization when, can also regard as the irrigation water to irrigate the operation when needs after the water keeps the certain time outside the wall body, under the condition that reduces waterlogging possibility, improved the utilization efficiency of rainwater.
After carrying out elementary edulcoration to the water that enters into the cavity through setting up the quartz sand layer, through discharging the flocculating agent in to the water, carried out the flocculation with the micronic dust in the water, realized the sediment after growing up through setting up the particulate matter gathering in the precipitation tank with the water in the bottom then, at the in-process of storing to the water, realized the slow processing of water. The water body can be retained in the cavity outside the wall body for a relatively long time, so that the water body can regulate the temperature inside the building. And through adding the part to the flocculating agent and specifically setting up, carry out power transmission through bull stick and flocculation main revolving pipe and flocculation revolving pipe driving motor, realized the rotation of flocculation main revolving pipe, then spout the flocculating agent with rotatory mode through the flocculation branch pipe, realized that the flocculating agent can add to the water with centrifugal mode, can so make flocculating agent and water realize efficient even contact to in avoiding the water to flow backward in the flocculating agent storage box, thereby improved the flocculation effect of flocculating agent. Through the active carbon treatment process chamber that sets up specific structure for during precipitates such as outside flocculus roll the precipitation tank down along the slope perforated plate, and the active carbon treatment chamber only need mainly handle harmful soluble thing can, thereby greatly reduced the change cleaning frequency of active carbon, thereby reduced use cost.
The existing irrigation equipment is not divided into separate areas, the liquid medicine cannot be uniformly and stably kept to be sprayed out under the condition of being mixed with water in a required proportion, a spray head can be blocked, and the plants are damaged due to uneven liquid medicine. According to the invention, the irrigation part is divided into the stirring area and the irrigation area, so that when the liquid medicine needs to be added, the water body mixture is fully stirred without causing any influence on the irrigation operation of the irrigation area, after the liquid medicine is uniformly stirred, the mixture is uniformly discharged into the irrigation area through the divided water discharge port for irrigation spraying operation, and the impurity blocking bag is arranged to block particles possibly existing in the stirring area, so that the blockage of the spraying head can be further avoided. By arranging the top and front sprinkler heads, the sprinkler can be flexibly used for different purposes, and the efficiency and the effect of irrigation and pesticide application are improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic interior view of an energy-saving building wall device for reducing urban inland inundation according to the present invention.
Wherein: 11-water storage cavity inlet, 12-roof drainage channel, 13-rainwater pumping pipe, 14-rainwater pumping pump, 15-pumping hose, 21-solar panel, 22-electric power distribution box, 3-water storage cavity, 31-quartz sand filter layer, 321-flocculation main rotating pipe, 322-flocculation branch pipe, 323-flocculant storage box, 324-rotating rod, 325-flocculation rotating pipe driving motor, 33-flocculation blocking net, 34-inclined perforated plate, 35-settling tank, 36-activated carbon particle, 37-indoor reclaimed water discharge port, 38-irrigation reclaimed water discharge port, 41-irrigation water inlet hose, 42-liquid medicine adding box, 43-stirring shaft, 44-stirring blade, 45-stirring motor, 51-partition plate, 52-division drainage pipe, 53-impurity blocking bag, 54-irrigation water pump, 55-irrigation water pump pipe, 56-spraying cavity, 57-spraying head and 58-walking wheel.
Detailed Description
Example 1
Further description is made with reference to the accompanying drawings: the energy-saving building wall device for reducing urban inland inundation as shown in figure 1 is characterized in that a rainwater collecting component and a water body processing component are arranged on the right side in figure 1, and an irrigation component is arranged on the left side. Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an interior view of a side panel removed. In order to show the structure of each part of the invention more clearly, the proportion of the water storage cavity is adjusted in fig. 1, and the normal cavity is necessarily more slender than that in fig. 1.
As shown in fig. 1, the rainwater collection component comprises a water storage cavity, a water storage cavity inlet, a roof drainage channel, a rainwater pumping pipe, a rainwater pumping pump, a pumping hose, a solar panel and a power distribution box; the water storage cavity is arranged outside the building wall body, as indicated by reference numeral 00 in fig. 1, the water storage cavity is the building wall body, the water storage cavity may be distributed over the whole building wall body from bottom to top, or may be arranged only at the lower half part of the building cavity, and this embodiment is arranged such that the water storage cavity is distributed over the whole building wall body from top to bottom. The top of the water storage cavity is provided with the water storage cavity inlet, the water storage cavity inlet is communicated with the roof drainage channel, the roof drainage channel is communicated with the roof of a building and collects rainwater on the roof of the building, and the water storage cavity of the embodiment is fully distributed on the whole building wall, so that the roof drainage channel of the embodiment also enables a pipeline directly arranged on the roof in a low-lying manner to be communicated with the water storage cavity inlet, and the roof drainage channel can be directly communicated with the water storage cavity inlet from the roof downwards for the pipeline in other embodiments.
The rainwater pumping pipe vertically penetrates through the water storage cavity, the top of the rainwater pumping pipe is arranged and communicated with an inlet of the water storage cavity, the bottom of the rainwater pumping pipe is communicated with the pumping hose, the other end of the pumping hose is arranged on the ground outside a building, the rainwater pumping pipe is provided with the rainwater pumping pump, and the rainwater pumping pump is used for pumping rainwater on the ground to the inlet of the water storage cavity through the pumping hose and the rainwater pumping pipe; as shown in figure 1, the pipeline can extract water from the ground at the bottom of a building, the extraction range of the hose can be expanded, manual extraction is not needed, and only the rainwater suction pump needs to be started. The solar water storage device is characterized in that the solar panels are densely arranged on the outer wall of the water storage cavity, the power distribution box is arranged on the outer wall of the water storage cavity below the solar panels and used for distributing electric energy generated by the solar panels, and a storage battery is further arranged in the power distribution box. The power distribution box is a conventional solar power distribution box purchased in the market, electric energy converted by the solar panel is stored in the storage battery, the electric energy is extracted from the storage battery and distributed after the device is started, and meanwhile, the storage battery is electrically connected with a power grid inside a building for supplementing when the electric power is insufficient.
Still be provided with the resistance heating stick in the water storage cavity, all can start the resistance heating stick and heat building body surface when having water or not having water in the water storage cavity winter to can adjust indoor temperature.
As shown in fig. 1, the water body treatment part comprises a quartz sand filtering layer, a flocculating agent spraying part, a flocculation blocking net, an inclined porous plate, a settling tank, an activated carbon treatment cavity, an indoor reclaimed water discharge port and an irrigation reclaimed water discharge port; the quartz sand filter layer is transversely arranged in a water storage cavity below an inlet of the water storage cavity, quartz sand particles are clamped between upper and lower layers of stainless steel meshes of the quartz sand filter layer, the mesh aperture of each stainless steel mesh is smaller than the particle size of each quartz sand particle, the flocculating agent injection part is arranged below the quartz sand filter layer and comprises a main flocculation rotary pipe, a flocculation branch pipe, a flocculating agent storage box (wherein flocculating agents are nontoxic and harmless flocculating agents such as alum and the like), a rotary rod and a flocculation rotary pipe driving motor, the main flocculation rotary pipe is transversely arranged below the quartz sand filter layer, a plurality of rows of flocculation branch pipes (3 rows as shown in figure 1) are communicated on the outer wall of the main flocculation rotary pipe, one end of each flocculation branch pipe is communicated with the other end of the main flocculation rotary pipe, the flocculating agent storage box is arranged outside the water storage cavity, one end of the main flocculation rotary pipe is communicated with the flocculating agent storage box, the other end of the flocculation main rotating pipe is closed, the rotating rod is transversely arranged in the flocculation main rotating pipe, the flocculation rotating pipe driving motor is fixedly connected with the rotating rod through a coupler, the other end of the rotating rod is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the closed end of the flocculation main rotating pipe, and the flocculation rotating pipe driving motor drives the rotating rod to drive the flocculation main rotating pipe and the flocculation branch pipe to rotate; the floc blocking net is transversely arranged below the flocculant spraying part, the inclined porous plate which enables the space width of the water storage cavity to be gradually reduced downwards is arranged below the floc blocking net, i.e., the left inclined plate is inclined downward from left to right as viewed in fig. 1, the right inclined plate is inclined downward from right to left, one end of the inclined porous plate is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the water storage cavity, the other end of the inclined porous plate is fixedly connected with the bottom wall of the water storage cavity, the lower part of the inclined porous plate is provided with the sedimentation tank for collecting sediments, activated carbon particles are filled between the inclined porous plate and the inner wall of the water storage cavity to form an activated carbon treatment cavity, the bottom end of the activated carbon treatment cavity close to one end (namely the right end in the drawing) of the building wall body is provided with the indoor reclaimed water discharge port, the irrigation water discharge port is arranged at the bottom end of the activated carbon treatment cavity far away from one end (namely the left end in the drawing) of the building wall. The indoor reclaimed water discharge port is communicated with indoor reclaimed water using equipment (such as a toilet bowl, a cleaning water pipe and the like).
The surface of the stainless steel mesh is roughened. The floc blocking net not only collects flocs in the initial stage, but also cuts off the water motion generated by the stirring of the upper part and the relatively static water of the lower part.
The settling tank is arranged between two adjacent activated carbon treatment cavities, namely the middle lower part in the figure 1.
The irrigation part comprises an irrigation part shell, an irrigation water inlet hose, a liquid medicine adding box, a stirring shaft, stirring blades, a stirring motor, a partition plate, a dividing drain pipe, a impurity blocking bag, an irrigation water suction pump, an irrigation water suction pipe, a spraying cavity, a spraying head and walking wheels; the division board is vertical to be set up in the inside of irrigation part shell and will irrigate the part and cut apart into stirring district (the right side in fig. 1) and irrigation district (the left side in fig. 1), irrigate inlet hose one end with irrigate the well water discharge mouth intercommunication, the other end setting on the lateral wall of irrigation part shell and with the stirring district intercommunication of the inside of irrigation part shell, this embodiment does not use the water pump on irrigating inlet hose, when the cavity height is not enough with the water discharge to the irrigation intracavity, then can set up the water pump. The liquid medicine adds the case setting in irrigation part shell outside and with stirring district intercommunication, vertical being provided with in stirring district the (mixing) shaft is provided with multirow stirring vane on the (mixing) shaft, agitator motor's output shaft pass through the shaft coupling with the (mixing) shaft rigid coupling drives the rotation of (mixing) shaft be provided with a plurality ofly (3 in figure 1) be used for communicateing stirring district and irrigation district cut apart the drain pipe, the cover is equipped with on the division drain pipe of irrigation district one end keep off miscellaneous bag, keep off miscellaneous bag for the bag package column structure (ordinary elastic fabric can of one deck or multilayer flexible fabric formation (for example spin the gauze, one end is sewed up on the buckle, buckle and cut apart outlet joint use recoil can retrieval and utilization after a period of use), irrigation suction pump sets up the bottom in irrigation district, irrigation suction pipe bottom and irrigation suction pump intercommunication, the top run through irrigate the part shell and with spray the chamber intercommunication spray and be provided with a plurality of sprinkler heads on the chamber, the walking wheel sets up irrigate the outer bottom of part shell for the marcing of irrigation part.
The irrigation inlet hose can be spliced and extended in multiple stages and has elasticity.
Be provided with the rotation semi-axis on the walking wheel for irrigation component can go straight and turn.
As shown in fig. 1, the sprinkler head includes a sprinkler head disposed at the top of the spray chamber and a sprinkler head disposed at the front end of the spray chamber, and each sprinkler head is provided with an opening and closing valve, so that only the sprinkler head at the top is opened when upward spraying is required, and only the sprinkler head at the front end is opened when forward spraying is required.
The specific using method comprises the following steps: .
When raining, rainwater collected by the roof is drained into the water storage cavity through the roof drainage channel, and when raining for a short time, the rainwater suction pump is started to pump accumulated water on the ground. The water storage cavity is arranged in from the water storage cavity inlet to the water storage cavity, impurities in the water are filtered after passing through the quartz sand filter layer, after a certain time, the flocculating agent storage box is opened, the flocculating rotating pipe driving motor is started, the flocculating agent is uniformly discharged into the water in the cavity in a centrifugal mode, and the flocculating agent storage box is stopped rotating and closed after rotating for 1-3 min. The water stews gradually, and great flocculus is kept off the adhesion of flocculus net, and the sediment particulate matter in the water is gradually depositd in the precipitation tank, and periodic will keep off flocculus net and precipitation tank and change the washing, store the box to the flocculating agent and carry out the liquid medicine and supply, realize the routine maintenance to the device. Due to the existence of the inclined porous plate, the particles enter the activated carbon treatment area relatively rarely, so the activated carbon treatment area mainly adsorbs harmful soluble substances in the water body. The indoor reclaimed water discharge port is used for supplementing reclaimed water in the building. When the water is in sunny days, the irrigation water discharge port and the irrigation water inlet hose can be connected to implement irrigation operation. The irrigation component can realize operations such as irrigation and pesticide application to plants in a certain range around the building through the travelling wheels. When only irrigation is needed, the water body only needs to enter the irrigation area after passing through the stirring area and is sprayed out through the spraying holes. When needs carry out the processing of giving medicine to the poor free of charge to the plant, can add the case through the liquid medicine and go into the way stirring district with the liquid medicine sword in, through the (mixing) shaft with water and liquid medicine stirring, the mixed liquid through cutting apart the outlet with the stirring is discharged into the irrigation district in, keeps off miscellaneous bag and stops the large granule debris that probably exists wherein, avoids the particulate matter to cause the damage to suction pump and sprinkler orifice, then can realize spraying of liquid medicine through the sprinkler head of front end.

Claims (6)

1. An energy-saving building wall device for reducing urban inland inundation is characterized by comprising a rainwater collecting component, a water body treating component and an irrigation component;
the rainwater collecting part comprises a water storage cavity, a water storage cavity inlet, a roof drainage channel, a rainwater water pumping pipe, a rainwater water pumping pump, a water pumping hose, a solar panel and a power distribution box; the rainwater suction pipe is provided with the rainwater suction pump, and the rainwater suction pump is used for pumping rainwater on the ground to the inlet of the water storage cavity through the water pumping hose and the rainwater suction pipe; the solar water storage device comprises a water storage cavity, a power distribution box and a storage battery, wherein the outer wall of the water storage cavity is provided with closely-arranged solar panels, the outer wall of the water storage cavity below the solar panels is provided with the power distribution box, the power distribution box is used for distributing electric energy generated by the solar panels, and the power distribution box is also internally provided with the storage battery;
the water body treatment part comprises a quartz sand filtering layer, a flocculating agent spraying part, a floc blocking net, an inclined porous plate, a settling tank, an activated carbon treatment cavity, an indoor reclaimed water discharge port and an irrigation reclaimed water discharge port; the quartz sand filter layer is transversely arranged in a water storage cavity below an inlet of the water storage cavity, quartz sand particles are clamped between upper and lower layers of stainless steel meshes of the quartz sand filter layer, the flocculating agent injection part is arranged below the quartz sand filter layer and comprises a flocculation main rotating pipe, a flocculation branch pipe, a flocculating agent storage box, a rotating rod and a flocculation rotating pipe driving motor, the flocculation main rotating pipe is transversely arranged below the quartz sand filter layer, a plurality of rows of flocculation branch pipes are communicated on the outer wall of the flocculation main rotating pipe, one end of each flocculation branch pipe is communicated with the other end of the flocculation main rotating pipe, the flocculating agent storage box is arranged outside the water storage cavity, one end of the flocculation main rotating pipe is communicated with the flocculating agent storage box, the other end of the flocculation main rotating pipe is sealed, the rotating rod is transversely arranged in the flocculation main rotating pipe, and the flocculation rotating pipe driving motor is fixedly connected with the rotating rod through a coupler, the other end of the rotating rod is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the closed end of the flocculation main rotating pipe, and the flocculation rotating pipe driving motor drives the rotating rod to drive the flocculation main rotating pipe and the flocculation branch pipe to rotate; the device comprises a flocculating agent spraying component, a water storage cavity, a flocculation blocking net, an inclined porous plate, a sedimentation tank, an indoor reclaimed water discharge port and an irrigation reclaimed water discharge port, wherein the flocculation blocking net is transversely arranged below the flocculating agent spraying component, the inclined porous plate which enables the space width of the water storage cavity to be gradually reduced downwards is arranged below the flocculation blocking net, one end of the inclined porous plate is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the water storage cavity, the other end of the inclined porous plate is fixedly connected with the bottom wall of the water storage cavity, the sedimentation tank for collecting sediments is arranged below the inclined porous plate, activated carbon particles are filled between the inclined porous plate and the inner wall of the water storage cavity to form an activated carbon treatment cavity, the indoor reclaimed water discharge port is arranged at the bottom end of the activated carbon;
the irrigation part comprises an irrigation part shell, an irrigation water inlet hose, a liquid medicine adding box, a stirring shaft, stirring blades, a stirring motor, a partition plate, a dividing drain pipe, a impurity blocking bag, an irrigation water suction pump, an irrigation water suction pipe, a spraying cavity, a spraying head and walking wheels; the device comprises an irrigation component shell, a partition plate, a liquid medicine adding box, a stirring shaft, a stirring motor, a stirring shaft, a plurality of rows of stirring blades, a baffle bag, a bag-shaped structure and a bag-shaped structure, wherein the partition plate is vertically arranged in the irrigation component shell and divides the irrigation component into a stirring area and an irrigation area, one end of the irrigation inlet hose is communicated with an irrigation water discharge port, the other end of the irrigation inlet hose is arranged on one side wall of the irrigation component shell and is communicated with the stirring area in the irrigation component shell, the liquid medicine adding box is arranged outside the irrigation component shell and is communicated with the stirring area, the stirring shaft is vertically arranged in the stirring area, the stirring shaft is provided with the plurality of rows of stirring blades, an output shaft of the stirring motor is fixedly connected with the stirring shaft through a coupler and drives the rotation of the stirring shaft, the partition plate is provided with a plurality of, the irrigation water pump is arranged at the bottom in the irrigation area, the bottom end of the irrigation water pump pipe is communicated with the irrigation water pump, the top of the irrigation water pump pipe penetrates through the irrigation component shell and is communicated with the spraying cavity, a plurality of spraying heads are arranged on the spraying cavity, and the walking wheels are arranged at the outer bottom of the irrigation component shell and used for the walking of the irrigation component;
the two activated carbon treatment cavities are arranged, one of the two activated carbon treatment cavities is close to a building wall body, and the other activated carbon treatment cavity is far away from the building wall body;
the sedimentation tank is arranged between two adjacent activated carbon treatment cavities;
the surface of the stainless steel mesh is roughened;
a resistance heating rod is also arranged in the water storage cavity.
2. An energy saving building wall installation to reduce urban waterlogging as claimed in claim 1 wherein said water pumping hose can be extended by multi-stage splicing.
3. An energy saving building wall assembly to reduce urban waterlogging as claimed in claim 1 wherein said irrigation inlet hose is extendable in multiple stages and flexible.
4. An energy saving building wall device to reduce urban waterlogging as claimed in claim 1 wherein said road wheels are provided with turning half shafts to enable said irrigation component to go straight and turn.
5. An energy-saving building wall device for reducing urban waterlogging as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sprinkler head comprises a sprinkler head arranged at the top of the sprinkling chamber and a sprinkler head arranged at the front end of the sprinkling chamber, and each sprinkler head is provided with an opening and closing valve.
6. An energy efficient building wall installation to reduce urban waterlogging as claimed in claim 1, wherein said indoor reclaimed water discharge outlet is in communication with indoor reclaimed water consumer.
CN201911068125.7A 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 Reduce urban waterlogging's energy-conserving building wall device Active CN110761499B (en)

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CN111758704A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-10-13 温州泰乐维工程设计有限公司 Underground water storage device for sponge city
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CN202401515U (en) * 2011-07-28 2012-08-29 城市建设研究院 Building roof rainwater collecting and utilizing system
CN206256510U (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-06-16 东北石油大学 A kind of new building drainage system against rain
CN206418542U (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-08-18 深圳市鹏泰建筑科技有限公司 A kind of energy saving building with rain water collecting system
CN207940167U (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-10-09 贵州成黔科技开发有限公司 A kind of water conservancy irrigation vehicle
CN108358333A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-08-03 吉林建筑大学 A kind of reused water processing system
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