CN214338641U - Hillside orchard liquid manure integration irrigation system - Google Patents

Hillside orchard liquid manure integration irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214338641U
CN214338641U CN202022427748.3U CN202022427748U CN214338641U CN 214338641 U CN214338641 U CN 214338641U CN 202022427748 U CN202022427748 U CN 202022427748U CN 214338641 U CN214338641 U CN 214338641U
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water
pipe network
pool
tank
rainwater
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何中华
董桥锋
林育敏
肖彩虹
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Wuhan Modern Urban Agriculture Planning And Design Institute Co ltd
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Wuhan Modern Urban Agriculture Planning And Design Institute Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a hillside orchard water and fertilizer integrated irrigation system, which comprises a reservoir, a proportioning tank, a diversion tank, a rainwater collecting tank, a water delivery pipe network and an irrigation pipe network; the water storage tank and the batching tank are arranged at the top of the mountain body and are connected through a water delivery pipe network; the water diversion tank is arranged on a mountain body below the proportioning tank, and the proportioning tank is connected with the water diversion tank through a water delivery pipe network; the rainwater collecting pool is arranged at the bottom of the mountain body and is connected with the water storage pool through a water conveying pipe network; the irrigation pipe network is connected with the batching pool and the diversion pool through a water delivery pipe network. The utility model discloses irrigation system is through setting up cistern, batching pond, diversion basin, rainwater collecting pit, raceway network and irrigating the pipe network, and the rainwater collecting pit is collected the rainwater and is filtered, and the rainwater after the purification is used for supplementing the irrigation water in the cistern to mix with fertilizer in the batching pond, shunt to the diversion basin and irrigate the pipe network, thereby realize the liquid manure integration irrigation of hillside orchard.

Description

Hillside orchard liquid manure integration irrigation system
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the agricultural, in particular to hillside orchard liquid manure integration irrigation system.
Background
In recent years, the agricultural planting structure in mountainous areas in south China is greatly changed, and planting various special fruit trees on hilly lands (with the gradient of less than 30 degrees) and even steep hilly lands (with the gradient of more than 30 degrees) in a large area becomes the prop industry of the pure income multiplication plan of farmers. Disease control and fertilization management need to be carried out in time during the growth management and protection period of the fruit trees, and a convenient method for spraying pesticides and fertilizing in a steep hill hillside orchard needs to ensure high yield of the fruit trees and income increase of farmers.
The water and fertilizer integration technology is a new agricultural technology integrating irrigation and fertilization. The water and fertilizer integration is realized by means of a pressure system (or natural fall of the terrain), blending soluble solid or liquid fertilizer with irrigation water according to the soil nutrient content and the fertilizer requirement rule and characteristics of the crop species, supplying water and fertilizer through a controllable pipeline system, forming drip irrigation, uniformity, timing and quantification through a pipeline and a dripper after the water and fertilizer are fused, infiltrating a crop root system development and growth area, enabling main root system soil to always keep loose and proper water content, and simultaneously according to the fertilizer requirement characteristics of different crops, soil environment and nutrient content conditions; the demand design of different growth periods is carried out on the water and fertilizer requirements of crops in different growth periods, and the water and the nutrients are quantified at regular time and are directly provided for the crops according to the proportion. The conventional manual pesticide spraying and fertilizing process is labor-consuming and time-consuming, high in labor intensity, low in fertilizer utilization rate and low in pesticide and fertilizer spraying efficiency.
Meanwhile, in areas with sufficient water sources, the mountain planting fruit trees mostly adopt a water pump to pump water in rivers or lakes to a planting garden for irrigation, and the mode can meet the requirement of mountain irrigation water, but consumes a large amount of electric energy. The rainwater is a good resource, but remains a lot of dregs in the rainwater, need filter it, otherwise gets into the pond after, leads to the pipeline to block up easily, consequently can design an irrigation system and can collect the rainwater, filters the residue of filtering the rainwater for the fruit tree is irrigated, in order to compensate the not enough of mountain region irrigation water.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a water-saving hillside orchard liquid manure integration irrigation system.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a hillside orchard water and fertilizer integrated irrigation system comprises a water storage tank, a proportioning tank, a diversion tank, a rainwater collection tank, a water delivery pipe network and an irrigation pipe network;
the water storage tank and the batching tank are arranged at the top of the mountain body and are connected through the water delivery pipe network;
the distribution tank is arranged on a mountain body below the proportioning tank, and the proportioning tank is connected with the distribution tank through the water delivery pipe network;
the rainwater collecting pool is arranged at the bottom of the mountain body and is connected with the water storage pool through the water conveying pipe network;
the irrigation pipe network is connected with the batching pool and the diversion pool through the water conveying pipe network.
Further, the top of cistern is open structure setting, and the inner chamber is equipped with the mounting bracket, be equipped with the open-ended arc protection casing that makes progress on the mounting bracket, the arc protection casing set up in directly over the cistern open-top, arc protection casing bottom is equipped with a plurality of outlet, the arc protection casing below is equipped with the filter layer, the filter layer is located the outlet below, the filter layer comprises from last coarse sand filter layer, fine sand filter layer and the active carbon filter layer that sets gradually extremely down.
Furthermore, the arc-shaped protective cover covers the top opening of the water storage pool, and a ventilation opening is formed between the lower part of the arc-shaped protective cover and the top opening of the water storage pool.
Furthermore, rainwater collecting tank includes trilateral wall body and a mountain body, it will to be equipped with along the mountain body direction in the rainwater collecting tank and block the board rainwater collecting tank and separate for settling zone and purifying area, the settling zone bottom be equipped with the apopore with purifying area intercommunication will be through the rainwater that the settling zone depositd lets in the purifying area, the purifying area passes through conduit network with the cistern is connected.
Furthermore, the bottom of sedimentation zone is equipped with cobble layer, geotechnological cloth, stone limestone layer, activated carbon layer, gravel layer and gravel layer from supreme down in proper order, the apopore set up in block and correspond on the board the position of cobble layer.
Further, the irrigation pipe network is including being responsible for and branch pipe, be responsible for and batching pond and diversion basin and be connected, the branch pipe is connected with the person in charge, the direction of perpendicular to mountain body contour is laid to the main pipe, the direction of branch pipe along mountain body contour is laid around the mountain body.
Furthermore, the top of the batching pool is provided with a water inlet and a fertilizer inlet, the bottom of the batching pool is provided with a stirring device, the side wall of the bottom of the batching pool is provided with a water and fertilizer outlet, and the water and fertilizer outlet is connected with the diversion pool and an irrigation pipe network.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
1. the utility model discloses irrigation system is through setting up cistern, batching pond, diversion basin, rainwater collecting pit, raceway network and irrigating the pipe network, and the rainwater collecting pit is collected the rainwater and is filtered, and the rainwater after the purification is used for supplementing the irrigation water in the cistern to mix with fertilizer in the batching pond, shunt to the diversion basin and irrigate the pipe network, thereby realize the liquid manure integration irrigation of hillside orchard.
2. The utility model discloses the cistern top sets up the upwards open-ended arc protection casing and collects the mountain top rainwater, and the below sets up the filter layer and filters mountain top rainwater and the rainwater that flows in from the rainwater collecting pit and the water that flows in from river or lake, and the reentrant batching pond mixes with fertilizer. Can efficiently utilize the rain water on the top of the mountain and the rain water collected under the mountain, and saves water resources.
3. The utility model discloses rainwater collecting pit includes trilateral wall body and a mountain body, is equipped with along the mountain body direction in the rainwater collecting pit and blocks the board and separate the rainwater collecting pit for settling zone and clean area, and the settling zone filters and purifies the rainwater, and the clean area stores the rainwater after purifying, can effectively filter the debris of rainwater, and make full use of rainfall irrigates hillside orchard.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an irrigation system;
fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a reservoir configuration in an irrigation system;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a rainwater collection tank in an irrigation system;
wherein: 1. a reservoir; 11. a mounting frame; 12. an arc-shaped protective cover; 121. a water outlet; 13. A filter layer; 14. a vent; 2. a dosing tank; 3. a diversion basin; 4. a rainwater collection tank; 41. A interception plate; 42. a settling zone; 43. a purification zone; 44. a water outlet hole; 5. a water delivery pipe network; 6. Irrigating a pipe network; 61. a main pipe; 62. a branch pipe; 7; a mountain body.
Detailed Description
To better illustrate the objects, aspects and advantages of the present invention, the present invention will be further described with reference to specific embodiments. The present invention may be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the concept of the invention to those skilled in the art, and the present invention will only be defined by the appended claims.
As shown in fig. 1-3, a hillside orchard water and fertilizer integrated irrigation system comprises a water storage tank 1, a dosing tank 2, a diversion tank 3, a rainwater collection tank 4, a water delivery pipe network 5 and an irrigation pipe network 6.
7 tops on the massif are located to cistern 1 and batching pond 2, connect through conduit network 5 between cistern 1 and the batching pond 2, and rivers in the cistern 1 go into in the batching pond 2.
On water knockout drum 3 located massif 7 under batching pond 2, according to massif relief and the fruit tree planting condition in the orchard, water knockout drum 3 can set up a plurality ofly. The batching pond 2 is connected with the diversion pond 3 through a water delivery pipe network 5, and the water and fertilizer in the batching pond 2 flows into the diversion pond 3.
The bottom of mountain 7 is located to rainwater collecting pit 4, and rainwater collecting pit 4 passes through conduit network 5 and is connected with cistern 1, and the rainwater of collecting in the rainwater collecting pit 4 flows into in the cistern 1.
The irrigation pipe network 6 is connected with the proportioning pool 2 and the diversion pool 3 through a water conveying pipe network 5, and water and fertilizer in the proportioning pool 2 and the diversion pool 3 flow into the irrigation pipe network 6 to irrigate fruit trees in the orchard.
Furthermore, the top of the reservoir 1 is an open structure, the inner cavity is provided with an installation frame 11, an upward opening arc protection cover 12 is arranged on the installation frame 11, the arc protection cover 12 is arranged right above the top opening of the reservoir 1 to cover the top opening of the reservoir 1, and evaporation of water in the reservoir 1 is reduced.
The bottom of the arc-shaped protective cover 12 is provided with a plurality of water outlets 121, and the arc-shaped protective cover 12 plays a role in bearing mountain top rainwater. The design of the arc-shaped protective cover 12 with the upward opening can increase the rainwater collecting surface, and is beneficial to receiving more mountain top rainfall.
A ventilation opening 14 is formed between the lower portion of the arc-shaped protective cover 12 and the top opening of the water storage tank 1, rainwater in the water storage tank 1 and outside air circulation are enhanced through the ventilation opening 14, and the rainwater in the water storage tank 1 is prevented from being overgrown by harmful microorganisms due to oxygen deficiency to affect the quality of a water body. Meanwhile, water drawn from rivers or lakes and water drawn from the mountain rainwater collecting tank 4 may flow into the water reservoir 1 through the ventilation opening 14 or above the arc-shaped protection cover 12.
A filter layer 13 is arranged below the arc-shaped protective cover 12, and the filter layer 13 is fixed on the mounting frame 11. The filtering layer 13 is positioned below the water outlet 121, and the rainwater flowing out of the water outlet 121 flows into the water reservoir 1 after being filtered by the filtering layer 13. The filter layer 13 is composed of a coarse sand filter layer, a fine sand filter layer and an active carbon filter layer which are arranged in sequence from top to bottom.
Furthermore, the top of the batching pool 2 is provided with a water inlet and a fertilizer inlet, the bottom of the batching pool is provided with a stirring device, the side wall of the bottom of the batching pool is provided with a water and fertilizer outlet, and the water and fertilizer outlet is connected with the diversion pool 3 and the irrigation pipe network 6. The water and fertilizer in the proportioning pool 2 flows into the diversion pool 3 and the irrigation pipe network 6.
And a check valve, an electric valve and a flow meter are arranged in the water storage tank 1, the dosing tank 2 and the water diversion tank 3, and the check valve, the electric valve and the flow meter are electrically connected with a control system. The flowmeter detects the water/water fertilizer in the flowmeter, transmits a signal to the control system, and the control system controls the opening and closing of the check valve and the electric valve.
Furthermore, rainwater collecting tank 4 includes trilateral wall body and a mountain 7, and the layer is piled for reinforced concrete layer and stone in proper order to the wall body from interior to exterior, is equipped with the runoff canal on the mountain 7, and rainwater collecting tank and the runoff canal intercommunication of setting on mountain 7, rainwater flow in rainwater collecting tank 4 through the runoff canal. A blocking plate 41 is arranged in the rainwater collecting tank 4 along the direction of the mountain 7 to divide the rainwater collecting tank 4 into a settling area 42 and a purifying area 43, the settling area 42 collects and purifies rainwater, and the purifying area 43 stores the purified rainwater. The bottom of the settling zone 42 is provided with a water outlet hole 44 which is communicated with the purifying zone 43 to lead the rainwater settled in the settling zone 42 into the purifying zone 43. The purification area 43 is connected with the reservoir 1 through the water delivery pipe network 5, and the purified rainwater in the purification area 43 flows into the reservoir 1.
A water pump, a water level sensor, a flowmeter, a check valve and an electric valve are arranged in the rainwater collecting tank 4. The water level sensor monitors water level information in real time, and when the water level reaches a set water level height, the water pump is automatically started to convey rainwater in the rainwater collecting pool 4 to the water storage pool 1 on the mountain.
Furthermore, the bottom of the settling zone 42 is provided with a cobble layer, a permeable geotextile, a limestone layer, an activated carbon layer, a sand stone layer and a gravel layer from bottom to top in sequence. The multiple layers of filter media in the settling zone 42 filter and purify the stormwater. The water outlet hole 44 is arranged on the interception plate 41 at a position corresponding to the cobble layer.
Furthermore, the irrigation pipe network 6 is arranged in an orchard irrigation area, a power supply system, a power device, a soil moisture content monitoring system, a high-definition monitoring system and a control system are arranged in the orchard irrigation area, the irrigation pipe network is further provided with an accurate irrigation humidity sensor, and the monitoring systems, the sensors and the control system are controlled through wireless communication connection.
Irrigation pipe network 6 is including being responsible for 61 and branch pipe 62, is responsible for 61 and is connected with batching pond 2 and distributive pond 3, and the liquid manure that mixes in pond 2 and the distributive pond 3 flows into and is responsible for 61, and branch pipe 62 is connected with being responsible for 61, and the liquid manure that is responsible for in the 61 flows into branch pipe 62, and branch pipe 62 irrigates the fruit tree in the orchard. The main pipe 61 is laid in a direction perpendicular to the contour line of the mountain 7, and the branch pipes 62 are laid around the mountain 7 in the direction of the contour line of the mountain 7.
It should be understood that the above examples are only for clarity of illustration and are not intended to limit the embodiments. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. And are neither required nor exhaustive of all embodiments. And obvious variations or modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a hillside orchard liquid manure integration irrigation system which characterized in that: comprises a reservoir (1), a proportioning pool (2), a water diversion pool (3), a rainwater collection pool (4), a water delivery pipe network (5) and an irrigation pipe network (6);
the water storage tank (1) and the batching tank (2) are arranged at the top of a mountain body, and the water storage tank (1) and the batching tank (2) are connected through the water conveying pipe network (5);
the diversion basin (3) is arranged on a mountain body below the mixing basin (2), and the mixing basin (2) is connected with the diversion basin (3) through the water delivery pipe network (5);
the rainwater collecting pool (4) is arranged at the bottom of a mountain body, and the rainwater collecting pool (4) is connected with the water storage tank (1) through the water conveying pipe network (5);
the irrigation pipe network (6) is connected with the batching pool (2) and the water diversion pool (3) through the water conveying pipe network (5).
2. The hillside orchard water-fertilizer integrated irrigation system of claim 1, wherein: the top of cistern (1) is open structure setting, and the inner chamber is equipped with mounting bracket (11), be equipped with upwards open-ended arc protection casing (12) on mounting bracket (11), arc protection casing (12) set up in directly over cistern (1) open-top, arc protection casing (12) bottom is equipped with a plurality of outlet (121), arc protection casing (12) below is equipped with filter layer (13), filter layer (13) are located outlet (121) below, filter layer (13) comprise from last coarse sand filter layer, fine sand filter layer and the active carbon filter layer that sets gradually under to.
3. The hillside orchard water-fertilizer integrated irrigation system of claim 2, wherein: the arc-shaped protective cover (12) covers the top opening of the water storage pool (1), and a ventilation opening (14) is formed between the lower part of the arc-shaped protective cover (12) and the top opening of the water storage pool (1).
4. The hillside orchard water-fertilizer integrated irrigation system of claim 1, wherein: rainwater collecting pit (4) include trilateral wall body and one mountain body, it will to be equipped with along the mountain body direction in rainwater collecting pit (4) and block board (41) rainwater collecting pit (4) are separated for settling zone (42) and purifying area (43), settling zone (42) bottom be equipped with apopore (44) with purifying area (43) intercommunication will be through the rainwater that settling zone (42) subsides lets in purifying area (43), purifying area (43) pass through conduit network (5) with cistern (1) is connected.
5. The hillside orchard water-fertilizer integrated irrigation system of claim 4, wherein: the bottom of settling zone (42) is from supreme down being equipped with cobblestone layer, the geotechnological cloth that permeates water, stone limestone layer, activated carbon layer, gravel layer and gravel layer in proper order, apopore (44) set up in block and correspond on board (41) the position on cobblestone layer.
6. The hillside orchard water-fertilizer integrated irrigation system of claim 1, wherein: irrigation pipe network (6) are including being responsible for (61) and branch pipe (62), be responsible for (61) and batching pond (2) and diversion basin (3) and be connected, branch pipe (62) are connected with being responsible for (61), be responsible for (61) and lay along the direction of perpendicular to mountain body contour, branch pipe (62) are laid around the mountain body along the direction of mountain body contour.
7. The hillside orchard water-fertilizer integrated irrigation system of claim 1, wherein: batching pond (2) top is equipped with the water inlet and advances fertile mouthful, and the bottom is equipped with agitating unit, and the bottom lateral wall is equipped with the liquid manure export, the liquid manure export is connected with diversion basin (3) and irrigation pipe network (6).
CN202022427748.3U 2020-10-28 2020-10-28 Hillside orchard liquid manure integration irrigation system Active CN214338641U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114946371A (en) * 2022-06-30 2022-08-30 甘肃农业大学 Agricultural liquid manure integration irrigation equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114946371A (en) * 2022-06-30 2022-08-30 甘肃农业大学 Agricultural liquid manure integration irrigation equipment
CN114946371B (en) * 2022-06-30 2023-08-25 甘肃农业大学 Agricultural water and fertilizer integrated irrigation device

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