CN111468513B - Building is useless admittedly and is picked up case and recovery processing device thereof - Google Patents

Building is useless admittedly and is picked up case and recovery processing device thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111468513B
CN111468513B CN202010323530.5A CN202010323530A CN111468513B CN 111468513 B CN111468513 B CN 111468513B CN 202010323530 A CN202010323530 A CN 202010323530A CN 111468513 B CN111468513 B CN 111468513B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
collecting box
scrapers
pinch roller
rotating shaft
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN202010323530.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111468513A (en
Inventor
周磊
王旭
何琳
郑春梅
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Chongqing Jiaotong University
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Chongqing Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN202010323530.5A priority Critical patent/CN111468513B/en
Publication of CN111468513A publication Critical patent/CN111468513A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111468513B publication Critical patent/CN111468513B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/14Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices
    • B02C13/18Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • B02C13/2804Shape or construction of beater elements the beater elements being rigidly connected to the rotor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/30Driving mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/02Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with reciprocating knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/02Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with reciprocating knives
    • B02C18/04Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • B02C21/02Transportable disintegrating plant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/286Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/10Hydraulically loosening or dislodging undesirable matter; Raking or scraping apparatus ; Removing liquids or semi-liquids e.g., absorbing water, sliding-off mud
    • E01H1/105Raking, scraping or other mechanical loosening devices, e.g. for caked dirt ; Apparatus for mechanically moving dirt on road surfaces, e.g. wipers for evacuating mud
    • E01H1/106Raking, scraping or other mechanical loosening devices, e.g. for caked dirt ; Apparatus for mechanically moving dirt on road surfaces, e.g. wipers for evacuating mud in which the loosened or dislodged dirt is picked up, e.g. shoveling carts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • B02C2013/28618Feeding means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a building solid waste picking box and a recycling device thereof, belonging to the technical field of building solid waste recycling and utilization, and comprising a processing box and a collecting box arranged at the front end of the processing box, wherein the processing box comprises a box body, a conveying device, a crushing device and a screening device which are arranged in the box body, the collecting box comprises a shell, two scrapers and three cutters, the two scrapers are positioned at an opening at the front end of the collecting box and are used for scraping the building solid waste into the processing box from the front end to the rear end of the collecting box, a first rotating shaft simultaneously drives the three cutters to move up and down, and the three cutters are respectively positioned at two sides of the two scrapers and between the two scrapers along the overlooking direction of the collecting box. The device can automatically and efficiently break and pick up the construction waste, can prevent the shell from being blocked and is suitable for different field terrains.

Description

Building is useless admittedly and is picked up case and recovery processing device thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of building solid waste recycling and utilization, and particularly relates to a building solid waste picking box and a recycling device thereof.
Background
The construction solid waste refers to the general name of dregs, waste concrete, waste bricks and stones and other wastes produced by people in the production activities of the construction industry such as demolition, construction, decoration and the like. The solid waste of building can be classified into concrete blocks, broken stone blocks, brick and tile broken blocks, waste metal (specially made iron metal), waste wood and the like according to the composition. Along with the acceleration of the industrialization and urbanization processes in China, the construction industry is rapidly developed at the same time, and the accompanying increase of the generated construction solid waste is increased.
At present, most cities in China adopt a surrounding landfill mode for building garbage, so that a large amount of land is occupied, manpower and material resources are consumed, and the hidden danger of secondary pollution is hidden. In the future, one way which is concerned by the country and conforms to the concept of resource recycling is as follows: the construction solid waste is crushed and screened to form recycled aggregate with different specifications, cement, water and the like are added to generate recycled concrete, and then a backfill material, a recycled road material and a recycled permeable brick are recycled.
In the prior art, there are many broken recovery processing device that gives up useless admittedly that are applicable to the building field, however, almost all devices are the manual "dog-house" of picking up and placing into recovery processing device and carry out subsequent processing, waste time and energy, and to some great building solid waste, also do not have corresponding mechanical preliminary treatment measures, directly put into the dog-house unsuitable, also can only put into processing apparatus after the manual piece of breaking into pieces. In addition, because the construction site road is not flat, has different terrains such as high slope, low-lying, to the solid waste that exists on different terrains, each item of broken recovery unit of solid useless among the prior art also can not be suitable for, just can only rely on artificial pickup equally, and how to pass through automatic ingenious pickup of mechanical mechanism, also is a difficult problem. In view of the above, it is urgent to develop a solid waste picking box and a recycling device thereof, which can automatically and efficiently break, pick up and prevent the shell from being stuck and adapt to different field terrains.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, the invention aims to provide a building solid waste picking box and a recycling device thereof, which can automatically and efficiently break and pick up building waste, prevent the building waste from being blocked and adapt to different field terrains.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a building is useless admittedly and is picked up case and recovery processing device thereof, is including handling the case and setting up the collecting box at handling the case front end, it includes the box and sets up conveyor, breaker and sieving mechanism in the box to handle the case, the collecting box includes casing, two scrapers and three cutters, the casing includes roof, both sides board and bottom plate, the bottom plate inclines relatively with ground, both sides board with the box rotates to be connected, makes the collecting box can rotate in vertical face, both sides board with handle between the case flexonics, two scrapers rotate and set up in the upper surface of bottom plate, the scraper comprises four arc sword that are circumference and distributes, two scrapers are located the coplanar and both can rotate in opposite directions, the rear end opening of collecting box with handle the case intercommunication, two scrapers are located the front end opening part of collecting box is used for scraping the building useless admittedly from the front end to the rear end of collecting box into The processing box is characterized in that sawteeth are arranged on the surfaces of the outer edges of the three cutters, the three cutters are coaxially connected through a first rotating shaft, the first rotating shaft is connected to a first motor, the first rotating shaft simultaneously drives the three cutters to move up and down, and the three cutters are respectively positioned on two sides of the two scrapers and between the two scrapers along the overlooking direction of the collecting box.
Furthermore, the two scrapers are respectively connected to a second rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft extends upwards out of the top plate and is rotatably connected with the top plate, the upper end of the second rotating shaft is connected with a first bevel gear, the first bevel gear is meshed with a second bevel gear, the second bevel gear is connected to a second motor, and the second motor is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the top plate.
Further, first axis of rotation is connected to first gear, first gear and the meshing of second gear, the second gear is connected to first motor, first axis of rotation still is connected to the lifter through the connecting rod, the lifter is connected to through the pneumatic cylinder the roof, the lifter through a frame with first motor fixed connection and drive simultaneously first motor reciprocates.
Further, the outer end of arc sword has set firmly the tup, the tup is the ellipsoid type, the axis of tup with the axis of scraper is parallel.
Further, the conveying device comprises a belt arranged at the opening at the rear end of the collecting box, the belt is arranged in an inclined mode, a plurality of baffles are fixedly arranged on the outer side surface of the belt at intervals, and the belt conveys the building solid wastes at the opening at the rear end of the collecting box to the upper end of the treatment box from bottom to top through the baffles.
Further, breaker includes the same initiative pinch roller of structure and passive pinch roller, the initiative pinch roller is connected to the third motor, passive pinch roller with the box rotates to be connected, the structure of initiative pinch roller and passive pinch roller is the same and both mutual intervals set up, the clearance of being separated by of initiative pinch roller and passive pinch roller is located the upper end blanking department of belt, the initiative pinch roller includes the pivot and follows the pressure tooth that the even interval of axial of pivot set up is located the crisscross setting of pressure tooth on initiative pinch roller and the passive pinch roller.
Furthermore, a first screen and a second screen are arranged in the box body from top to bottom, the mesh number of the second screen is larger than that of the first screen, a first collecting box and a second collecting box are arranged on one side wall of the box body, a third collecting box is arranged at the bottom of the box body, the first collecting box, the second collecting box and the third collecting box are connected with the box body in a drawer mode, the first screen inclines to the first collecting box along the crushing device, the second screen inclines to the second collecting box along the crushing device, and vibrating devices are arranged on the first screen and the second screen.
Furthermore, the bottom of the box body is provided with universal wheels, and the outside of the box body is fixedly provided with a handle and a control box.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention discloses a building solid waste picking box and a recycling device thereof, which comprise a processing box and a collecting box arranged at the front end of the processing box, wherein the collecting box is used for collecting solid waste positioned at the front end of the processing device, and the collecting box can automatically adjust the collecting angle according to the terrain through flexible connection with the processing box, so that the building solid waste can more easily enter the collecting box, the automatic picking of the self-adaptive environment is realized, the labor cost is reduced, the processing box is used for processing the solid waste at the later stage, and the solid waste with different meshes is recycled in a classified manner, thereby providing convenience for later-stage recycling.
The treatment box comprises a box body, and a conveying device, a crushing device and a screening device which are arranged in the box body, wherein the conveying device is used for lifting the building solid wastes from low to high, so that the subsequent screening treatment is facilitated, and the recovery efficiency is improved. Meanwhile, the invention replaces most of manual operation by automatically crushing and recycling the solid wastes of the building into the treatment box, breaks through the limitation of manpower, realizes the automatic picking of the self-adaptive environment, adopts the roller mode to carry out the moving operation, can adapt to different site terrains, has wider operation range and can be well applied to the site construction environment.
The collecting box comprises a shell, two scrapers and three cutters, wherein a rear end opening of the collecting box is communicated with the processing box, the two scrapers are located in the same plane and can rotate in opposite directions, the two scrapers are located at the front end opening of the collecting box and are used for scraping and gathering building solid wastes to the processing box from the front end to the rear end of the collecting box, sawteeth are arranged on the outer edge surfaces of the three cutters, the first rotating shaft simultaneously drives the three cutters to move up and down, the three cutters are respectively located on two sides of the two scrapers and between the two scrapers along the overlooking direction of the collecting box, and by adopting the arrangement, the occurrence of jamming between the scrapers and side plates can be prevented, the collecting efficiency is improved, and the service life of the device can be prolonged.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention may be realized and attained by the means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out hereinafter.
Drawings
In order to make the object, technical scheme and beneficial effect of the invention more clear, the invention provides the following drawings for explanation:
FIG. 1 is a first schematic structural diagram of the apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a second schematic structural view of the apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a front view of the apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a left side view of the device of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along a-a of fig. 3.
The drawings are numbered as follows: the device comprises a box body 1, a conveying device 2, a belt 201, a baffle 202, a crushing device 3, a driving pressure wheel 301, a driven pressure wheel 302, a screening device 4, a scraper 5, a cutter 6, a top plate 7, side plates 8, a bottom plate 9, a pin shaft 10, a spring 11, a first rotating shaft 12, a first motor 13, a second rotating shaft 14, a first bevel gear 15, a second bevel gear 16, a second motor 17, a first gear 18, a second gear 19, a connecting rod 20, a lifting rod 21, a hydraulic cylinder 22, a rack 23, a hammer head 24, a first screen 25, a second screen 26, a first collecting box 27, a second collecting box 28, a third collecting box 29, a universal wheel 30, a handle 31 and a control box 32.
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the present invention are described below with reference to specific embodiments, and other advantages and effects of the present invention will be easily understood by those skilled in the art from the description of the present specification. The invention is capable of other and different embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways, and its several details are capable of modification in various respects, all without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. It should be noted that the drawings provided in the following embodiments are only for illustrating the basic idea of the present invention in a schematic way, and the features in the following embodiments and examples may be combined with each other without conflict.
Wherein the showings are for the purpose of illustrating the invention only and not for the purpose of limiting the same, and in which there is shown by way of illustration only and not in the drawings in which there is no intention to limit the invention thereto; to better illustrate the embodiments of the present invention, some parts of the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced, and do not represent the size of an actual product; it will be understood by those skilled in the art that certain well-known structures in the drawings and descriptions thereof may be omitted.
The same or similar reference numerals in the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention correspond to the same or similar components; in the description of the present invention, it should be understood that if there is an orientation or positional relationship indicated by terms such as "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", etc., based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, it is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but it is not an indication or suggestion that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and therefore, the terms describing the positional relationship in the drawings are only used for illustrative purposes, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention, and the specific meaning of the terms may be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
Fig. 1 is a first structural diagram of the device of the present invention, fig. 2 is a second structural diagram of the device of the present invention, fig. 3 is a top view of the device of the present invention, fig. 4 is a front view of the device of the present invention, fig. 5 is a left side view of the device of the present invention, and fig. 6 is a sectional view of fig. 3 taken along the direction a-a. The invention relates to a building solid waste picking box and a recycling device thereof, which comprises a processing box and a collecting box arranged at the front end of the processing box, wherein the processing box comprises a box body 1, a conveying device 2, a crushing device 3 and a screening device 4 which are arranged in the box body 1, the collecting box comprises a shell, two scrapers 5 and three cutters 6, the shell comprises a top plate 7, two side plates 8 and a bottom plate 9, the bottom plate 9 is relatively inclined with the ground, the two side plates 8 are rotatably connected with the box body 1 through pin shafts 10, so that the collecting box can rotate in a vertical plane, the two side plates 8 are flexibly connected with the processing box, for example, the box body 1 is connected with the side plates 8 through springs 11, the two scrapers 5 are rotatably arranged on the upper surface of the bottom plate 9, the scrapers 5 are composed of four arc-shaped cutters distributed in a circumference, the two scrapers 5 are positioned in the same plane and can rotate in opposite directions, the rear end opening of the collecting box is communicated with the treatment box, the two scrapers 5 are positioned at the front end opening of the collecting box and used for scraping the building solid waste into the treatment box from the front end to the rear end of the collecting box, sawteeth are arranged on the surfaces of the outer edges of the three cutters 6, the three cutters 6 are coaxially connected through a first rotating shaft 12, the first rotating shaft 12 is connected to a first motor 13, the first rotating shaft 12 simultaneously drives the three cutters 6 to move up and down, and the three cutters 6 are respectively positioned between two sides of the two scrapers 5 and the two scrapers 5 along the overlooking direction of the collecting box. The building solid waste picking box and the recycling device thereof comprise a processing box and a collecting box arranged at the front end of the processing box, wherein the collecting box is used for collecting solid waste positioned at the front end of the processing device, so that the automatic picking of a self-adaptive environment is realized, the labor cost is reduced, the processing box is used for processing the solid waste at the later stage, the solid waste with different meshes is recycled in a classified manner, and convenience is provided for the later stage recycling. Meanwhile, the invention replaces most of manual operation by automatically crushing and recycling the solid wastes of the building into the treatment box, breaks through the limitation of manpower, realizes the automatic picking of the self-adaptive environment, adopts the roller mode to carry out the moving operation, can adapt to different site terrains, has wider operation range and can be well applied to the site construction environment.
The treatment box comprises a box body 1, and a conveying device 2, a crushing device 3 and a screening device 4 which are arranged in the box body 1, wherein the conveying device 2 is used for improving the construction solid waste from low to high, so that the subsequent screening treatment is facilitated, and the recovery efficiency is improved. Meanwhile, the collecting box comprises a shell, two scrapers 5 and three cutters 6, the rear end opening of the collecting box is communicated with the processing box, the two scrapers 5 are positioned in the same plane and can rotate oppositely, through continuous rotation, the two scrapers 5 are positioned at the opening at the front end of the collecting box and are used for scraping and gathering the building solid wastes to the treatment box from the front end to the rear end of the collecting box, the outer edge surfaces of the three cutters 6 are provided with sawteeth, the first rotating shaft 12 drives the three cutters 6 to move up and down simultaneously, and along the overlooking direction of the collecting box, the three cutters 6 are respectively positioned at the two sides of the two scrapers 5 and between the two scrapers 5, and by adopting the arrangement, the occurrence of jamming between the scrapers 5 and between the scrapers 5 and the side plates 8 can be prevented, the collection efficiency is improved, and the service life of the device can be prolonged.
In this embodiment, the two scrapers 5 are respectively connected to a second rotating shaft 14, the second rotating shaft 14 extends upwards out of the top plate 7 and is rotatably connected with the top plate 7, the two scrapers can be rotatably connected by adopting a bearing mode, the second rotating shaft 14 extends upwards so as not to interfere with the ground, the device is convenient for mobile phones which are used for building solid waste, the upper end of the second rotating shaft 14 is connected with a first bevel gear 15, the first bevel gear 15 is meshed with a second bevel gear 16, the second bevel gear 16 is connected to a second motor 17, and the second motor 17 is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the top plate 7. It can be understood that the two scrapers 5 can be driven by a transmission device and can synchronously rotate, the two second motors 17 are adopted to respectively control the rotation, the two second motors do not influence each other, and the shell clamping can be further prevented.
In this embodiment, the first rotating shaft 12 is connected to the first gear 18, the first gear 18 is engaged with the second gear 19, the first gear 18 and the second gear 19 are located outside the housing, blocking of building solid waste is reduced, the second gear 19 is connected to the first motor 13, the first rotating shaft 12 is further connected to the lifting rod 21 through the connecting rod 20, the lifting rod 21 is connected to the top plate 7 through the hydraulic cylinder 22, the lifting rod 21 is fixedly connected with the first motor 13 through the rack 23 and drives the first motor 13 to move up and down at the same time, so that the lifting rod 21 drives the cutter 6 to move up and down, the first motor 13 can be driven to move up and down, the structure is synchronized, and the building solid waste is clamped in the housing and is cut by the cutter 6 to convey a conveying passage in the housing, so that the collecting process is continued.
In the embodiment, the hammer head 24 is fixedly arranged at the outer end of the arc-shaped knife, the hammer head 24 is in an ellipsoid shape, the central axis of the hammer head 24 is parallel to the central axis of the scraper 5, the hammer head 24 is fixedly arranged at the outer end of the arc-shaped knife, when a large solid waste barrier is encountered, the hammer head 24 can impact the surface of the solid waste barrier in advance to hammer the solid waste barrier in advance, so that the solid waste barrier is crushed and enters the shell more easily, and the collection process is carried out more smoothly through the scraper 5.
In this embodiment, the conveying device 2 includes the belt 201 that sets up at the rear end opening part of collecting box, the belt 201 inclines to set up, the interval has set firmly a plurality of baffles 202 on the outside surface of belt 201, the belt 201 will the solid useless from supreme down of building of collecting box rear end opening part is transported to the upper end of handling the case, can understand, through appropriate design, baffle 202 at first does not interfere with box 1 or casing, baffle 202 is fixed stop 202, belt 201 inclines towards the collecting box for baffle 202 that is located collecting box one side is fixed at belt 201 surface in the slant, makes things convenient for baffle 202 to accept solid useless and transport, is difficult to omit the aggregate.
In this embodiment, the crushing device 3 includes an active pinch roller 301 and a passive pinch roller 302 with the same structure, the active pinch roller 301 is connected to a third motor, and for convenience of graphical representation, the third motor is not shown here, but those skilled in the art can understand that the third motor is placed on the box body 1 and moves together with the box body 1, and there is no technical obstacle. Passive pinch roller 302 with box 1 rotates to be connected, the structure of initiative pinch roller 301 and passive pinch roller 302 is the same and both are separated from each other and set up, the clearance of being separated from of initiative pinch roller 301 and passive pinch roller 302 is located the upper end blanking department of belt 201, initiative pinch roller 301 includes the pivot and follows the pressure tooth that the even interval of axial of pivot set up is located the crisscross setting of pressure tooth on initiative pinch roller 301 and the passive pinch roller 302, can let the extrusion effect better for the aggregate obtains abundant breakage.
In this embodiment, a first screen 25 and a second screen 26 are arranged in the box 1 from top to bottom, the mesh number of the second screen 26 is larger than that of the first screen, a first collecting box 27 and a second collecting box 28 are arranged on one side wall of the box 1, a third collecting box 29 is arranged at the bottom of the box 1, the first collecting box 27, the second collecting box 28 and the third collecting box 29 are all connected with the box 1 in a drawer type, the drawer type connection belongs to the prior art and is similar to the existing drawer, a person skilled in the art can understand that the first screen 25 inclines along the crushing device 3 to the first collecting box 27, the second screen 26 inclines along the crushing device 3 to the second collecting box 28, vibrating devices are arranged on the first screen 25 and the second screen 26, the larger aggregate filtered on the first screen 25 slides into the bottom through the action of gravity and the vibrating devices, the aggregate entering the first collection box 27 is collected, the aggregate in the middle size on the second screen 26 slides to the bottom under the action of gravity and a vibrating device and enters the second collection box 28 for collection, the minimum aggregate enters the third collection box 29 at the bottom through the first screen 25 and the second screen 26, and when the collection boxes are full, the aggregate is pulled out and directly used after being poured, so that the operation is convenient and fast.
Finally, it is noted that the above-mentioned preferred embodiments illustrate rather than limit the invention, and that, although the invention has been described in detail with reference to the above-mentioned preferred embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and detail may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a building is useless admittedly picks up and recovery processing device which characterized in that: the device comprises a processing box and a collecting box arranged at the front end of the processing box, wherein the processing box comprises a box body, a conveying device, a crushing device and a screening device, the conveying device, the crushing device and the screening device are arranged in the box body, the collecting box comprises a shell, two scrapers and three cutters, the shell comprises a top plate, two side plates and a bottom plate, the bottom plate is relatively inclined to the ground, the two side plates are rotatably connected with the box body, so that the collecting box can rotate in a vertical plane, the two side plates are flexibly connected with the processing box, the two scrapers are rotatably arranged on the upper surface of the bottom plate, the scrapers consist of four arc-shaped cutters distributed in the circumference, the two scrapers are positioned in the same plane and can rotate in opposite directions, a rear end opening of the collecting box is communicated with the processing box, and the two scrapers are positioned at the front end opening of the collecting box and are used for scraping the building solid waste into the processing, the outer edge surfaces of the three cutters are provided with sawteeth, the three cutters are coaxially connected through a first rotating shaft, the first rotating shaft is connected to a first motor, the first rotating shaft simultaneously drives the three cutters to move up and down, and the three cutters are respectively positioned on two sides of the two scrapers and between the two scrapers along the overlooking direction of the collecting box; the two scrapers are respectively connected to a second rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft extends upwards out of the top plate and is rotatably connected with the top plate, the upper end of the second rotating shaft is connected with a first bevel gear, the first bevel gear is meshed with a second bevel gear, the second bevel gear is connected to a second motor, and the second motor is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the top plate; the first rotating shaft is connected to a first gear, the first gear is meshed with a second gear, the second gear is connected to a first motor, the first rotating shaft is further connected to a lifting rod through a connecting rod, the lifting rod is connected to the top plate through a hydraulic cylinder, and the lifting rod is fixedly connected with the first motor through a rack and drives the first motor to move up and down simultaneously; the outer end of arc sword has set firmly the tup, the tup is the ellipsoid type, the axis of tup with the axis of scraper is parallel.
2. The construction solid waste picking and recycling device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the conveying device comprises a belt arranged at the rear end opening of the collecting box, the belt is obliquely arranged, a plurality of baffles are fixedly arranged on the outer side surface of the belt at intervals, and the belt conveys the building solid wastes at the rear end opening of the collecting box to the upper end of the treatment box from bottom to top through the baffles.
3. The construction solid waste picking and recycling device as claimed in claim 2, wherein: breaker includes the same initiative pinch roller of structure and passive pinch roller, the initiative pinch roller is connected to the third motor, passive pinch roller with the box rotates and connects, the same and both mutual intervals of structure of initiative pinch roller and passive pinch roller set up, the clearance of being separated by of initiative pinch roller and passive pinch roller is located the upper end blanking department of belt, the initiative pinch roller includes the pivot and follows the pressure tooth that the even interval of axial of pivot set up is located the crisscross setting of pressure tooth on initiative pinch roller and the passive pinch roller.
4. The construction solid waste picking and recycling device as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the screening device comprises a box body, and is characterized in that a first screen and a second screen are arranged in the box body from top to bottom, the mesh number of the second screen is larger than that of first screening, a first collecting box and a second collecting box are arranged on one side wall of the box body, a third collecting box is arranged at the bottom of the box body, the first collecting box, the second collecting box and the third collecting box are connected with the box body in a drawer mode, the first screen inclines from the crushing device to the first collecting box, the second screen inclines from the crushing device to the second collecting box, and vibrating devices are arranged on the first screen and the second screen.
5. The construction solid waste picking and recycling device as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the bottom of the box body is provided with universal wheels, and the outer side of the box body is fixedly provided with a handle and a control box.
CN202010323530.5A 2020-04-22 2020-04-22 Building is useless admittedly and is picked up case and recovery processing device thereof Active CN111468513B (en)

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CN202010323530.5A CN111468513B (en) 2020-04-22 2020-04-22 Building is useless admittedly and is picked up case and recovery processing device thereof

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CN111996964B (en) * 2020-08-26 2022-06-24 南京禹智智能科技有限公司 Construction site residual brick picking and refining device and using method

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JP2001047018A (en) * 1999-08-11 2001-02-20 Daiken Sharyo Kk Plaster plate grinding and separating machine and method for grinding and separating plaster plate
CN107282611A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-10-24 欧阳慧玲 A kind of environment-friendly type municipal garbage recycles car
CN107321481A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-11-07 佛山慧创正元新材料科技有限公司 A kind of construction material breaker
CN107503313A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-12-22 郑州搜趣信息技术有限公司 A kind of building waste cleaning car with dust reduction capability
CN208437408U (en) * 2018-03-01 2019-01-29 淮北润金环保建材科技有限公司 A kind of multi-stage oscillating screen net formula building waste sorting recycling and processing device
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