CN112024047B - Equipment for recycling building garbage into garden soil and garden soil manufacturing process - Google Patents

Equipment for recycling building garbage into garden soil and garden soil manufacturing process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112024047B
CN112024047B CN202010937436.9A CN202010937436A CN112024047B CN 112024047 B CN112024047 B CN 112024047B CN 202010937436 A CN202010937436 A CN 202010937436A CN 112024047 B CN112024047 B CN 112024047B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
crushing
fixedly connected
equipment
wall
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CN202010937436.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112024047A (en
Inventor
简金花
孙贺贺
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SHENZHEN LEIXIN ENVIRONMENT & CONSTRUCTION CO.,LTD.
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Shenzhen Leixin Environment & Construction Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010937436.9A priority Critical patent/CN112024047B/en
Publication of CN112024047A publication Critical patent/CN112024047A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • B02C13/04Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft with beaters hinged to the rotor; Hammer mills
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/60Apparatus for preparing growth substrates or culture media
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • B02C13/284Built-in screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/04Stationary flat screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/12Apparatus having only parallel elements
    • B07B1/14Roller screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B9/00Combinations of apparatus for screening or sifting or for separating solids from solids using gas currents; General arrangement of plant, e.g. flow sheets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses equipment for recycling building garbage into garden soil and a garden soil manufacturing process, which comprise an equipment box, wherein the left side of the inner wall of the equipment box is fixedly connected with a crushing box, the right side of the inner wall of the equipment box is fixedly connected with a first filter plate, the right side of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a first material guide plate, the first material guide plate is arranged below the first filter plate, and the first material guide plate sequentially penetrates through the equipment box and a collecting box and extends into the collecting box; the left side fixedly connected with spiral transportation piece of equipment box, the right side intercommunication of spiral transportation piece has the feeder hopper, and the right side intercommunication of spiral transportation piece has the conveyer pipe, and the conveyer pipe runs through the equipment box and is linked together with the top of smashing the case. Set up first filter and second filter and filter respectively twice transportation in, can filter the collection with the building rubbish that accords with the size condition first in advance effectively, need not get into crushing case and carry out the unnecessary breakage, saved the energy and improved efficiency.

Description

Equipment for recycling building garbage into garden soil and garden soil manufacturing process
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building waste recycling, in particular to equipment for recycling building waste into garden soil and a garden soil manufacturing process.
Background
The construction waste refers to waste such as broken bricks, broken tiles, broken stones, dregs, waste concrete blocks and the like generated in production activities of the construction industry such as removal, construction, decoration, repair and the like, the construction industry develops rapidly along with the acceleration of industrialization and urbanization processes, the amount of the generated construction waste is increased day by day, and a large amount of land is required for stacking the construction waste; dust, sand ash and the like in the processes of clearing and stacking cause serious environmental pollution; collapse is easy to cause by random stacking, and potential safety hazards exist; after stacking and burying, the seeped sewage can cause pollution of surface water and underground water and can also reduce the soil quality through fermentation and rainwater washing.
The construction waste is classified according to the generated root, and can be divided into engineering waste soil, decoration waste, removal waste, engineering slurry and the like, a large amount of waste is stacked to generate a lot of potential safety hazards, the conventional waste treatment mode is to transport the construction waste to a construction waste absorption plant in a remote area, or build a temporary and simple construction waste absorption place, or adopt open-air stacking or landfill mode for treatment, the construction waste can contain a small amount of useless effective recovery of iron resources, and the direct landfill causes the waste of resources and the pollution of the environment, and the recovery and the reutilization of resources are not realized, so that technical personnel in the field provide equipment for recycling the construction waste into garden soil, and the problem provided by the background technology is solved.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide equipment for recycling building garbage into garden soil and a garden soil manufacturing process, which simplify the crushing process, improve the efficiency, realize sufficient crushing manufacture, avoid environmental pollution and have good economic value.
2. Technical scheme
In order to solve the problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
an equipment for recycling building garbage into garden soil and a garden soil manufacturing process comprise an equipment box, wherein the top of the equipment box is communicated with a feeding pipe, the left side of the inner wall of the equipment box is fixedly connected with a crushing box, the right side of the inner wall of the equipment box is fixedly connected with a first filter plate, and the first filter plate penetrates through the crushing box and extends into the crushing box; the right side of the equipment box is fixedly connected with a collecting box, the right side of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a first material guide plate, the first material guide plate is arranged below the first filter plate, and the first material guide plate sequentially penetrates through the equipment box and the collecting box and extends into the collecting box;
the inner wall of the crushing box is rotatably connected with a crushing assembly, a second filter plate is arranged below the crushing assembly in the crushing box, and the second filter plate sequentially penetrates through the crushing box and the equipment box and extends to the outside of the equipment box;
the left side of the equipment box is fixedly connected with a spiral conveying piece, the right side of the spiral conveying piece is communicated with a feed hopper, the right side of the spiral conveying piece is communicated with a conveying pipe, and the conveying pipe penetrates through the equipment box and is communicated with the top of the crushing box;
the inner bottom wall fixedly connected with mixing box of equipment box, the mixing box communicates with crushing case mutually, the top intercommunication of mixing box has the connecting pipe, the connecting pipe runs through the equipment box and is linked together with the collecting box.
Further: a second material guide plate is fixedly connected to the left side of the inner wall of the equipment box, and the second material guide plate is located between the separating assembly and the crushing box.
Further: the inner wall of the equipment box is rotatably connected with uniformly distributed separation assemblies, a separation rod of one of the separation assemblies penetrates through the equipment box and extends to the outside of the equipment box, two adjacent separation assemblies are meshed with each other and connected, and the separation assemblies are arranged above the first filter plate.
Further: the separating assembly comprises a separating rod, the separating rod is connected with the inner wall of the equipment box in a rotating mode, the surface of the separating rod is provided with cleaning rings which are evenly distributed, the front face of the separating rod penetrates through the equipment box and is fixedly connected with a first gear, and the left side of the separating rod is fixedly connected with a fourth motor on the front face of the first gear.
Further: the crushing assembly comprises a crushing roller, the surface of the crushing roller is fixedly connected with a base which is distributed in an annular shape, one side of the inner wall of the base, which is close to the crushing roller, is fixedly connected with a spring, the other end of the spring is fixedly connected with a crushing hammer, and the crushing hammer penetrates through the base and extends to the outside of the base.
Further: crushing case and equipment box and the first motor of fixedly connected with are run through in proper order to crushing subassembly's pivot, the inner wall of crushing case rotates and is connected with quantity for two crushing rollers that are located the crushing subassembly below, crushing roller locates second filter top, two crushing roller all runs through in proper order and smashes case and equipment box and fixedly connected with second gear, two second gear intermeshing connects, the right side the pivot fixedly connected with second motor of second gear.
Further: the utility model discloses an equipment box, including equipment box, recovery mouth, collection roller, the inner wall left side of equipment box has been seted up and has been retrieved the mouth, the inner wall of retrieving the mouth rotates and is connected with the collection subassembly, the collection subassembly includes the fifth motor, the fifth motor with retrieve a mouthful fixed connection, the output shaft fixedly connected with of fifth motor collects the roller, the surperficial fixedly connected with annular distribution of collection roller dials the material piece, dial the equal fixedly connected with evenly distributed's in both sides electro-magnet of material piece.
Further: the inner wall of mixing box rotates and is connected with the stirring subassembly, mixing box and fixedly connected with third motor are run through in the left side of stirring subassembly, the stirring subassembly includes the puddler, the fixed surface of puddler is connected with the head rod that the annular distributes, the one end fixedly connected with third connecting rod of puddler is kept away from to the head rod, the equal fixedly connected with second connecting rod in both sides about the head rod.
Further: the left and right sides in the crushing box are fixedly connected with guide blocks, and one side of each guide block, which is close to the crushing assembly, is arc-shaped.
Furthermore, the inner wall of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a funnel, and the funnel penetrates through the crushing box and is communicated with the mixing box.
A process for manufacturing garden soil using the apparatus for recycling construction waste into garden soil according to claims 1 to 9.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) according to the scheme, the spiral conveying piece is arranged and is combined with the second filter plate for use, so that the qualified building particles can be circularly crushed, and the crushing effect is better; meanwhile, the first filter plate and the second filter plate are matched to filter respectively in the two transportation processes, so that the construction waste meeting the size condition can be effectively filtered and collected in advance, and does not need to enter a crushing box for unnecessary crushing, the energy is saved, and the efficiency is improved;
(2) according to the scheme, the separation component is arranged, the soil in the garbage can be separated, under the interaction of the separation components, the transmission is realized, the cleaning ring is used for collecting the soil on the surface of the construction garbage, the damage of parts in the device caused by more soil is avoided, the soil is collected, the proportion is more accurate when the garden soil is matched, the crushing component is arranged, the larger garbage in the construction garbage can be crushed, the spring is matched with the crushing hammer, the crushing hammer has a certain telescopic space, the service life of the crushing hammer is prolonged, the collection component is arranged, the iron resource in the construction garbage can be collected, the waste of the iron resource is avoided, the stirring component is arranged, the mixing of the construction particles, the soil and the like is more uniform, the quality of the garden soil is better, the pollution of the construction garbage to the soil is avoided, and the resource is recycled, has certain economic benefit;
(3) through setting up the second stock guide, avoid earth and dust to pile up at the top of smashing the case, through setting up the discharging pipe, the ejection of compact is convenient more, swift, through setting up the funnel, avoids building particles after qualified to pile up in the bottom of smashing the case, through setting up the guide piece, avoids building rubbish to splash in smashing incasement portion, utilizes guide piece and broken subassembly to combine together, and crushing effect is better.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a separator assembly according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view taken at A of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view taken at B of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
fig. 6 is an enlarged view of the invention at C in fig. 1.
The reference numbers in the figures illustrate:
1. an equipment box; 101. a second material guide plate; 102. a discharge pipe; 2. a separation assembly; 201. a separating lever; 202. cleaning a ring; 203. a first gear; 204. a fourth motor; 3. a feed pipe; 4. a crushing box; 401. a material guide block; 5. a crushing assembly; 501. a crushing roller; 502. a base; 503. a spring; 504. a breaking hammer; 6. a collection box; 7. a first material guide plate; 8. a crushing roller; 9. a first motor; 10. a second motor; 11. a second gear; 12. a second filter plate; 13. a recovery port; 14. a collection assembly; 1401. a fifth motor; 1402. a collection roller; 1403. stirring the material sheet; 1404. an electromagnet; 15. a feed hopper; 16. a screw conveyance member; 17. a delivery pipe; 18. a connecting pipe; 19. a mixing box; 20. a stirring assembly; 2001. a stirring rod; 2002. a first connecting rod; 2003. a second connecting rod; 2004. a third connecting rod; 21. a third motor; 22. a first filter plate.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention; it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without any inventive work are within the scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-6, in the embodiment of the invention, an apparatus for recycling construction waste into garden soil and a manufacturing method thereof, comprises an apparatus box 1, a feeding pipe 3 is communicated with the top of the apparatus box 1, the inner wall of the apparatus box 1 is rotatably connected with uniformly distributed separating assemblies 2, a separating rod of one of the separating assemblies 2 penetrates through the apparatus box 1 and extends to the outside of the apparatus box 1 to be connected with a driving source, two adjacent separating assemblies 2 are mutually meshed and connected, the left side of the inner wall of the apparatus box 1 is fixedly connected with a crushing box 4, the right side of the inner wall of the apparatus box 1 is fixedly connected with a first filter plate 22, the first filter plate 22 penetrates through the crushing box 4 and extends to the inside of the crushing box 4, the inner wall of the crushing box 4 is rotatably connected with a crushing assembly 5, and the rotating shaft of the crushing assembly 5 sequentially penetrates through the crushing box 4 and the apparatus box 1 and is fixedly connected with a first motor 9, the inner wall of the crushing box 4 is rotatably connected with two crushing rollers 8 which are positioned below the crushing component 5, the two crushing rollers 8 sequentially penetrate through the crushing box 4 and the equipment box 1 and are fixedly connected with a second gear 11, the two second gears 11 are meshed and connected with each other, a rotating shaft of the right second gear 11 is fixedly connected with a second motor 10, the right side of the inner wall of the crushing box 4 is fixedly connected with a second filter plate 12, the second filter plate 12 sequentially penetrates through the crushing box 4 and the equipment box 1 and extends to the outside of the equipment box 1, the left side of the inner wall of the equipment box 1 is provided with a recovery port 13, the inner wall of the recovery port 13 is rotatably connected with a collecting component 14, the left side of the equipment box 1 is fixedly connected with a spiral conveying piece 16, the right side of the spiral conveying piece 16 is communicated with a feed hopper 15, the right side of the spiral conveying piece 16 is communicated with a conveying pipe 17, the conveying pipe 17 penetrates through the equipment box 1 and is communicated with the top of the crushing box 4, the right side fixedly connected with collecting box 6 of equipment box 1, smash the first stock guide 7 of the right side fixedly connected with of case 4, first stock guide 7 runs through equipment box 1 and collecting box 6 in proper order and extends to the inside of collecting box 6, inner diapire fixedly connected with mixing box 19 of equipment box 1, mixing box 19 is linked together with crushing case 4, the inner wall of mixing box 19 rotates and is connected with stirring subassembly 20, stirring subassembly 20's left side is run through mixing box 19 and fixedly connected with third motor 21, the top intercommunication of mixing box 19 has connecting pipe 18, connecting pipe 18 runs through equipment box 1 and is linked together with collecting box 6. Wherein, the construction waste which can pass through the filter holes of the first filter plate 22 or the second filter plate 12 is the material which has the size which is in accordance with the size and enters the mixing box 19 for stirring.
Referring to fig. 1, a second material guiding plate 101 is fixedly connected to the left side of the inner wall of the equipment box 1, the second material guiding plate 101 is located between the separating assembly 2 and the crushing box 4, and through the arrangement of the second material guiding plate 101, soil and dust are prevented from being accumulated on the top of the crushing box 4.
Referring to fig. 1 or fig. 2, a discharge pipe 102 is arranged at the bottom of the equipment box 1, the discharge pipe 102 penetrates through the equipment box 1 and is communicated with the mixing box 19, a control switch is arranged on the surface of the discharge pipe 102, and discharging is more convenient and faster by arranging the discharge pipe 102.
Referring to fig. 1, the inner wall of the crushing box 4 is fixedly connected with a funnel, the funnel penetrates through the crushing box 4 and is communicated with the mixing box 19, and building particles after passing are prevented from being accumulated at the bottom of the crushing box 4 by the funnel.
Referring to fig. 1, smash the equal fixedly connected with guide block 401 in the left and right sides in the case 4, one side that guide block 401 is close to crushing subassembly 5 is the arc, through setting up guide block 401, avoids building rubbish to splash inside crushing case 4, utilizes guide block 401 and crushing subassembly 5 to combine together, and crushing effect is better.
Referring to fig. 2 or fig. 3, the separating assembly 2 includes a separating rod 201, the separating rod 201 is rotatably connected to the inner wall of the equipment box 1, the surface of the separating rod 201 is provided with cleaning rings 202 which are uniformly distributed, wherein the cleaning rings 202 are parts having adhesive or electrostatic adsorption performance and are used for adsorbing dust and soil materials with extremely small particles, the front surface of the separating rod 201 penetrates through the equipment box 1 and is fixedly connected with a first gear 203, the front surface of the leftmost first gear 203 is fixedly connected with a fourth motor 204, through the arrangement of the separating assembly 2, soil in garbage can be separated, under the interaction of the plurality of separating assemblies 2, transmission is realized, simultaneously, the soil on the surface of construction garbage is collected by using the cleaning rings 202, the damage of parts inside the device due to more soil is avoided, the soil is collected, the proportion is more accurate when the garden soil is proportioned, and the separating assembly 2 passes through the plurality of separating rods, so that the construction waste entering the feeding pipe 3 can be uniformly distributed on the first filter plate 22.
Referring to fig. 4, crushing unit 5 includes crushing roller 501, the fixed surface of crushing roller 501 is connected with the base 502 that the annular distributes, the inner wall of base 502 is close to one side fixedly connected with spring 503 of crushing roller 501, the other end fixedly connected with quartering hammer 504 of spring 503, and quartering hammer 504 runs through base 502 and extends to the outside of base 502, through setting up crushing unit 5, can smash the great rubbish in the building rubbish, and spring 503 and quartering hammer 504 cooperate, make quartering hammer 504 have certain flexible space, the life of extension quartering hammer 504.
Referring to fig. 5, the collecting assembly 14 comprises a fifth motor 1401, the fifth motor 1401 is fixedly connected with the recycling port 13, the output shaft of the fifth motor 1401 is fixedly connected with a collecting roller 1402, the surface of the collecting roller 1402 is fixedly connected with a material shifting sheet 1403 distributed in an annular shape, two sides of the material shifting sheet 1403 are fixedly connected with electromagnets 1404 distributed uniformly, and by arranging the collecting assembly 14, iron resources in construction waste can be collected, and waste of the iron resources is avoided.
Referring to fig. 6, the stirring assembly 20 includes a stirring rod 2001, the surface of the stirring rod 2001 is fixedly connected with a first connecting rod 2002 distributed annularly, one end of the first connecting rod 2002 far away from the stirring rod 2001 is fixedly connected with a third connecting rod 2004, the left side and the right side of the first connecting rod 2002 are fixedly connected with a second connecting rod 2003, and by arranging the stirring assembly 20, the mixing of building particles, soil and the like is more uniform, the quality of garden soil is better, the construction waste is prevented from polluting the soil, the recycling of resources is realized, and certain economic benefits are achieved.
A process for manufacturing garden soil using the apparatus for recycling construction waste into garden soil according to claims 1 to 9.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: placing construction waste into the equipment box 1 from the inlet pipe 3, the construction waste reaches the surface of the separation component 2, the fourth motor 204 is started, the fourth motor 204 rotates, the first gear 203 which is meshed with the first gear 203 drives the separation components 2 to rotate, the separation components 2 are arranged, the soil in the waste can be separated, the separation components 2 interact with each other, transmission is achieved, meanwhile, the soil on the surface of the construction waste is collected by the aid of the cleaning ring 202, damage to internal parts of the device due to the fact that more soil exists is avoided, the soil is collected, the proportion is more accurate when the garden soil is proportioned, the soil directly passes through the second guide plate 101, the first filter plate 22 and the first guide plate 7 and directly reaches the inside of the collection box 6, the second guide plate 101 is arranged, the soil and dust are prevented from being accumulated on the top of the crushing box 4, the discharge pipe 102 is arranged, and discharge is more convenient, The construction waste which can not pass through the filter holes of the first filter plate 22 can reach the inside of the crushing box 4 quickly, the guide block 401 and the crushing component 5 are arranged under the interaction, the construction waste is prevented from splashing inside the crushing box 4 by the guide block 401, the crushing effect is better by combining the guide block 401 and the crushing component 5, the construction waste is subjected to primary crushing, the larger waste in the construction waste can be crushed by the crushing component 5, the spring 503 is matched with the crushing hammer 504, so that the crushing hammer 504 has a certain telescopic space, the service life of the crushing hammer 504 is prolonged, the two crushing rollers 8 are driven to interact under the action of the second motor 10 and the second gear 11 for secondary crushing, the crushed construction waste reaches the surface of the second filter plate 12, and the qualified construction waste which can pass through the filter holes of the second filter plate 12 can directly reach the inside of the mixing box 19 through the hopper, through setting up the funnel, avoid qualified building granule to pile up in the bottom of smashing case 4, unqualified direct arrival feeder hopper 15, utilize spiral transportation piece 16 and conveyer pipe 17 to reach crushing case 4 once more and smash, through setting up spiral transportation piece 16, use with second filter 12 jointly, can realize circulating crushing to building granule, crushing effect is better, in the process of transmission, utilize collection subassembly 14, retrieve the iron in the building rubbish, through setting up collection subassembly 14, can collect the iron resource in the building rubbish, avoid the waste of iron resource, add required material ratio in collecting box 6, utilize connecting pipe 18 to carry to the inside of mixing box 19, utilize the interact of third motor 21 and stirring subassembly 20, stir, through setting up stirring subassembly 20, make building granule and earth etc. mix more evenly, the quality of garden soil is better, when avoiding building rubbish to pollute soil, realizes the recovery of resource and recycles, has certain economic benefits, and after the stirring is qualified, utilize control switch and discharging pipe 102 to discharge garden soil, collect can.
It should be noted that, in the above description, the fourth motor 204, the first motor 9, the second motor 10, the fifth motor 1401, the electromagnet 1404, the spiral transportation member 16, the third motor 21, and the like are all devices that are mature in application of the prior art, and the specific types can be selected according to actual needs, and meanwhile, the power supply of the fourth motor 204, the first motor 9, the second motor 10, the fifth motor 1401, the electromagnet 1404, the spiral transportation member 16, and the third motor 21 can be a built-in power supply, or a mains power supply, and the specific power supply mode is selected according to circumstances, and is not described herein.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention; the scope of the invention is not limited thereto. Any person skilled in the art should be able to cover the technical scope of the present invention by equivalent or modified solutions and modifications within the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an equipment for being building rubbish cyclic regeneration for gardens soil, includes equipment box (1), its characterized in that: the top of the equipment box (1) is communicated with a feeding pipe (3), the left side of the inner wall of the equipment box (1) is fixedly connected with a crushing box (4), the right side of the inner wall of the equipment box (1) is fixedly connected with a first filter plate (22), and the first filter plate (22) penetrates through the crushing box (4) and extends into the crushing box (4); the right side of the equipment box (1) is fixedly connected with a collecting box (6), the right side of the crushing box (4) is fixedly connected with a first material guide plate (7), the first material guide plate (7) is arranged below the first filter plate (22), and the first material guide plate (7) sequentially penetrates through the equipment box (1) and the collecting box (6) and extends into the collecting box (6); the inner wall of the equipment box (1) is rotatably connected with separating components (2) which are uniformly distributed, the left side of the inner wall of the equipment box (1) is fixedly connected with a second material guide plate (101), and the second material guide plate (101) is positioned between the separating components (2) and the crushing box (4); two adjacent separation assemblies (2) are meshed with each other and connected, and the separation assemblies (2) are arranged above the first filter plate (22); the separation assembly (2) comprises a separation rod (201), the separation rod (201) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the equipment box (1), cleaning rings (202) which are uniformly distributed are arranged on the surface of the separation rod (201), the front face of the separation rod (201) penetrates through the equipment box (1) and is fixedly connected with a first gear (203), and the front face of the first gear (203) on the leftmost side is fixedly connected with a fourth motor (204);
the separation assemblies (2) separate soil in the construction waste, the soil on the surface of the construction waste is collected by the aid of the cleaning ring (202) while transmission is achieved under the mutual action of the separation assemblies (2), damage to parts inside the device due to the fact that more soil is generated is avoided, the soil is collected, the proportion is more accurate when the soil is proportioned to garden soil, and the separation assemblies (2) enable the construction waste entering the feeding pipe (3) to be uniformly distributed on the first filter plate (22) through the separation rods;
the inner wall of the crushing box (4) is rotatably connected with a crushing assembly (5), a second filter plate (12) is arranged below the crushing assembly (5) in the crushing box (4), and the second filter plate (12) sequentially penetrates through the crushing box (4) and the equipment box (1) and extends to the outside of the equipment box (1);
a spiral conveying piece (16) is fixedly connected to the left side of the equipment box (1), the right side of the spiral conveying piece (16) is communicated with a feed hopper (15), the right side of the spiral conveying piece (16) is communicated with a conveying pipe (17), and the conveying pipe (17) penetrates through the equipment box (1) and is communicated with the top of the crushing box (4);
the inner bottom wall fixedly connected with mixing box (19) of equipment case (1), mixing box (19) and crushing case (4) are linked together, the top intercommunication of mixing box (19) has connecting pipe (18), connecting pipe (18) run through equipment case (1) and are linked together with collecting box (6), wherein, can accord with the material that gets into mixing box (19) and stir promptly for the size through the building rubbish of first filter (22) or second filter (12) filter mesh hole.
2. The apparatus for recycling construction waste into garden soil as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the crushing assembly (5) comprises a crushing roller (501), a base (502) which is distributed in an annular shape is fixedly connected to the surface of the crushing roller (501), a spring (503) is fixedly connected to one side, close to the crushing roller (501), of the inner wall of the base (502), a crushing hammer (504) is fixedly connected to the other end of the spring (503), and the crushing hammer (504) penetrates through the base (502) and extends to the outside of the base (502).
3. The apparatus for recycling construction waste into garden soil as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the pivot of crushing unit (5) runs through crushing case (4) and equipment box (1) and the first motor of fixedly connected with (9) in proper order, the inner wall of crushing case (4) rotates and is connected with crushing roller (8) that quantity is two and is located crushing unit (5) below, crushing roller (8) are located second filter (12) top, two crushing roller (8) all run through in proper order crushing case (4) and equipment box (1) and fixedly connected with second gear (11), two second gear (11) intermeshing connects, the right side the pivot fixedly connected with second motor (10) of second gear (11).
4. The apparatus for recycling construction waste into garden soil as claimed in claim 1, wherein: recovery mouth (13) have been seted up on the inner wall left side of equipment case (1), the inner wall of recovering mouth (13) rotates and is connected with collection subassembly (14), collection subassembly (14) include fifth motor (1401), fifth motor (1401) and recovery mouth (13) fixed connection, the output shaft fixedly connected with of fifth motor (1401) collects roller (1402), the surperficial fixedly connected with material stirring piece (1403) that the annular distributes of collection roller (1402), the equal fixedly connected with evenly distributed's of both sides electro-magnet (1404) of material stirring piece (1403).
5. The apparatus for recycling construction waste into garden soil as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inner wall of the mixing box (19) is rotatably connected with a stirring assembly (20), the left side of the stirring assembly (20) penetrates through the mixing box (19) and is fixedly connected with a third motor (21), the stirring assembly (20) comprises a stirring rod (2001), first connecting rods (2002) distributed in an annular mode are fixedly connected to the surface of the stirring rod (2001), one ends, far away from the stirring rod (2001), of the first connecting rods (2002) are fixedly connected with third connecting rods (2004), and second connecting rods (2003) are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the first connecting rods (2002).
6. The apparatus for recycling construction waste into garden soil as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the left side and the right side in the crushing box (4) are both fixedly connected with material guide blocks (401), one side of each material guide block (401) close to the crushing assembly (5) is arc-shaped,
the inner wall of the crushing box (4) is fixedly connected with a funnel, and the funnel penetrates through the crushing box (4) and is communicated with the mixing box (19).
7. A garden soil manufacturing process is characterized in that: an apparatus for recycling construction waste into garden soil according to any one of claims 1 to 6 is used.
CN202010937436.9A 2020-09-08 2020-09-08 Equipment for recycling building garbage into garden soil and garden soil manufacturing process Active CN112024047B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112893400B (en) * 2021-01-18 2022-04-01 东莞市园林绿化工程有限公司 Garden waste resource recycling and comprehensive utilization system and method
CN113058486A (en) * 2021-03-19 2021-07-02 山东城市建设职业学院 Utilize cyclic regeneration equipment of building rubbish production garden soil
CN113231145B (en) * 2021-07-12 2021-09-21 徐州达沃机械科技有限公司 Hammer type garbage crushing device

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CN210752461U (en) * 2019-09-23 2020-06-16 天津市施易得肥料有限公司 Screening and mixing device for producing bulk blending fertilizer

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CN204620359U (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-09-09 四川运一科技发展有限公司 A kind of fluidized-bed combustion boiler gangue, screen crushing device inferior
CN204865963U (en) * 2015-08-08 2015-12-16 湘潭大学兴湘学院 Comminuted device with deironing mechanism
CN108620206A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-10-09 蚌埠智达科技咨询有限公司 A kind of mechanization disintegrating apparatus of construction material
CN109078695A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-12-25 安龙县喜莱莹建材装饰有限公司 A kind of building stones process equipment crushing mechanism
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