CN111452925A - Self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure and use method thereof - Google Patents

Self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111452925A
CN111452925A CN202010204026.3A CN202010204026A CN111452925A CN 111452925 A CN111452925 A CN 111452925A CN 202010204026 A CN202010204026 A CN 202010204026A CN 111452925 A CN111452925 A CN 111452925A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
water
floater
cleaning
driving motor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010204026.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张玉开
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lai'an Xiangrui Electromechanical Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Lai'an Xiangrui Electromechanical Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lai'an Xiangrui Electromechanical Technology Co ltd filed Critical Lai'an Xiangrui Electromechanical Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202010204026.3A priority Critical patent/CN111452925A/en
Publication of CN111452925A publication Critical patent/CN111452925A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/32Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for collecting pollution from open water
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/50Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition
    • B01D29/56Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition in series connection
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/62Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D29/64Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element
    • B01D29/6469Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element scrapers
    • B01D29/6476Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element scrapers with a rotary movement with respect to the filtering element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63HMARINE PROPULSION OR STEERING
    • B63H1/00Propulsive elements directly acting on water
    • B63H1/02Propulsive elements directly acting on water of rotary type
    • B63H1/12Propulsive elements directly acting on water of rotary type with rotation axis substantially in propulsive direction
    • B63H1/14Propellers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63HMARINE PROPULSION OR STEERING
    • B63H21/00Use of propulsion power plant or units on vessels
    • B63H21/12Use of propulsion power plant or units on vessels the vessels being motor-driven
    • B63H21/17Use of propulsion power plant or units on vessels the vessels being motor-driven by electric motor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface

Abstract

The invention discloses a self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure and a use method thereof, belonging to the technical field of water surface floater cleaning structures.

Description

Self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to a water surface floater cleaning structure, in particular to a self-suction water surface floater cleaning structure, and also relates to a use method of the water surface floater cleaning structure, in particular to a use method of the self-suction water surface floater cleaning structure, and belongs to the technical field of water surface floater cleaning structures.
Background
White pollution is an image name of people for the phenomenon that plastic garbage (multi-finger plastic bags) which is difficult to degrade pollutes the environment, and the phenomenon that various domestic plastic products made of high molecular compounds such as polystyrene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride and the like are discarded into solid waste after being used, and the urban environment is seriously polluted because the domestic plastic products are randomly thrown and are difficult to degrade.
When people contact vinyl chloride, symptoms such as swelling of wrists and fingers, skin hardening and the like can occur, symptoms such as splenomegaly, liver injury and the like can also occur, in China, ultrathin plastic bags used by people almost come from the reutilization of waste plastics and are produced by small enterprises or family workshops, raw materials used by the production plants are waste plastic barrels, basins, disposable syringes and the like, the degradation time of plastic products used by China usually needs at least 200 years, if the ultrathin plastic bags are buried, the ultrathin plastic bags directly occupy the land and are difficult to degrade within 1000 years, waste agricultural films and plastic bags in farmlands are remained for a long time, the absorption of water and nutrients by crops can be influenced, the growth and development of the crops can be inhibited, the yield of the crops can be reduced, if the livestock eat the plastic films, digestive tract diseases of livestock can be caused, even death can be caused, and the burying operation is still a main method for treating urban garbage in China, the plastic film has small density and large volume, so that the plastic film can quickly fill the site, the capacity of the landfill site for treating the garbage is reduced, moreover, the site after the landfill site is filled is soft, harmful substances such as bacteria, viruses and the like in the garbage easily permeate into the ground to pollute the underground water and endanger the surrounding environment, if the polyvinyl chloride is directly burnt, the environment is seriously polluted secondarily, when the plastic is burnt, a large amount of black smoke is generated, dioxin, the substance with the highest toxicity so far, is generated, enters the soil and can be gradually decomposed within at least 15 months, the dioxin can harm plants and crops, the dioxin has serious damage effect on the liver and brain of animals, and the pollution of the dioxin discharged by burning the garbage to the environment is a very sensitive problem which is concerned all over the world.
Various artificial garbage white garbage and water pollution of lakes caused by rainwater or artificial inflow into lakes affect the attractiveness and the water quality, various types of floater cleaning ships are provided in the prior art to salvage and collect floaters, most of the cleaning ships are delivered into a collecting bin through a transmission mechanism after salvage is realized through some transmission mechanisms, then the floaters in the collecting bin are manually shoveled and centralized by a shovel plate, and another type of cleaning ships which collect the floaters often adopt a filter screen to filter and collect the floaters, but the problem of filter screen blockage is often caused by the mode.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly aims to provide a self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure and a using method thereof, wherein a second rotating shaft is driven to rotate by a second driving motor, a propeller is driven to rotate by the second rotating shaft, water flow positioned on the inner side of a side connecting plate is driven to move from a floater absorption cylinder to a guide plate in the azimuth direction by the propeller, and spiral absorption force is generated in the floater absorption cylinder by the movement of the water flow, so that surrounding floaters are absorbed and enter the floater absorption cylinder to the outer side of a first filter screen, the propeller generates operation driving force and floater absorption force to realize the collection and movement of the floaters, thereby saving energy consumption, leading the original propeller driving force to further have the function of absorbing the floaters, being hung on a hanging ring by a crane, leading the floaters to be conveniently taken out of the floating accommodation chamber, avoiding manual shoveling, improving the working efficiency, reducing the labor force, and guiding the absorbed floaters to a first U-shaped floater to a first U-shaped cleaning guide assembly by the filter screen The connecting plate is inboard to under the drive force that the screw produced and then enter into to showy collecting storage, clean the attached floater in the first filter screen outside through the filter screen guide assembly simultaneously, thereby realize that first filter screen prevents blockking up and to showy function of direction, change the position of deflector and then change the position of motion through the water conservancy diversion subassembly.
The purpose of the invention can be achieved by adopting the following technical scheme:
the invention provides a self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure, which comprises a group of top plates, wherein side connecting plates are welded on two sides of the bottom of each top plate, a second rotating shaft is welded at the middle position of the inner side of one group of side connecting plates, the other end of each second rotating shaft is welded at the middle position of the inner side of the other group of side connecting plates, a propeller is sleeved on the outer side of each second rotating shaft, a second driving motor is installed at the middle position of the outer side of one group of side connecting plates through a fixing screw rod, the output end of the second driving motor is fixed with the end part of the second rotating shaft, guide plates are hinged at the end parts of the two groups of side connecting plates, a flow guide assembly is arranged on each guide plate, a first filter screen is welded at the other end parts of the two groups of side connecting plates, a filter screen cleaning guide assembly is installed at, both ends of the floater absorbing and receiving cylinder are through holes, the edge part of the through hole close to the first filter screen is welded with the edge part of one side, facing the through hole, of the first filter screen, an anti-blocking component is arranged on the inner side of the other through hole part of the floater absorbing and receiving cylinder, the outer part, close to the first filter screen, of the two sides of the side connecting plate is welded with a first U-shaped connecting plate through an inclined connecting plate, the side part, far away from the floater absorbing and receiving cylinder, of the first U-shaped connecting plate is welded with a placing cavity, the welding part of the placing cavity and the first U-shaped connecting plate is provided with the through hole and is communicated with the first U-shaped connecting plate, the outer side of the placing cavity is provided with a floating air bag, a floating receiving chamber is placed on the inner side of the placing cavity, the same side of the floating receiving chamber and the placing through hole cavity is also provided with the through hole, the two sides, just the side bottom of solution storage case is administered to water is equipped with sprays the subassembly, the top of roof still be equipped with do the air feed pump of showy gasbag air feed, through the accommodation of floater absorption section of thick bamboo, the filtration of first filter screen, the screw produces operation drive power and floater absorption power and then realizes the collection and the motion of collection floater to the energy saving consumed, make its original screw drive power further have the function of accommodating the floater, hang on the link through the crane, make it conveniently take out and float the storage bin, thereby need not artifical the shovel, improve work efficiency and reduce the labour.
Preferably, a floater is received a section of thick bamboo and is the quarter disc type structure of following the axial and cutting, the floater is received a section of thick bamboo face to the top welding of first filter screen lateral part has L type connecting plate, L type connecting plate is kept away from one side welding of a floater is received a section of thick bamboo the vertical connecting plate towards the top of floater is received a section of thick bamboo side, the bottom welding of first filter screen has transverse connection board, just transverse connection board keeps away from the one end welding of first filter screen the floater is received a section of thick bamboo face to on the bottom of first filter screen one side, its bottom arc structure of a floater is received through quarter disc type structure and has been reduced frictional force, and then has reduced the problem of floater jamming on a floater is received a section of thick bamboo.
Preferably, the filter screen cleaning guide assembly comprises a first driving motor installed at an end portion of one side of the vertical connecting plate facing the propeller, the first driving motor and the vertical connecting plate are fixed through a screw, an output end of the first driving motor penetrates to the other side of the vertical connecting plate and is provided with a first rotating shaft, a main transmission gear is sleeved on an outer side of the first rotating shaft, a rotating rod is installed at a position of the other side of the vertical connecting plate, which is far away from the first driving motor, through a bearing, a secondary transmission gear is sleeved on an outer side of the rotating rod and is mutually meshed with the main transmission gear, an i-shaped clamping piece is welded at one end of the rotating rod and the first rotating shaft, which is far away from the vertical connecting plate, a cleaning rod is bonded at an inner side portion of the i-shaped clamping piece, and an elastic sheet is arranged on an inner, the realization prevents the jam problem of first filter screen and sweeps the floater to the inboard and then convenient showy collecting storage of entering placing the intracavity of first U type connecting plate of both sides, has consequently played and has prevented blockking up the function with the direction.
Preferably, the water conservancy diversion subassembly is including opening at the top of two sets of deflectors along its ascending bar spout of axial, the inboard of bar spout is equipped with can the inboard gliding square slider of bar spout, the top welding of square slider has cylindrical connecting rod, the top cover in the cylindrical connecting rod outside is equipped with the bearing, and the outside cover of this bearing is equipped with the guide bar, the guide bar is close to the tip of placing the chamber articulates there is the guide connecting rod, the guide connecting rod is kept away from the one end of guide bar articulates there is the disk body, the intermediate position department of disk body bottom installs third driving motor, realizes the rivers of screw production to the outflow in different positions through the water conservancy diversion subassembly, and then changes the motion position.
Preferably, prevent blockking up the subassembly including installing floater is absorbed and is received a section of thick bamboo inboard and keep away from the annular fixing base of side connecting plate through-hole department, annular fixing base is inboard along its radial inwards install the multiunit support arm, the support arm is kept away from the tip of annular fixing base installs fourth driving motor through the pedestal, fourth driving motor's output is installed and is prevented blockking up the stirring leaf, just the top cover of fourth driving motor output is equipped with will prevent blockking up the stirring leaf block and is in dop on the fourth driving motor output has realized preventing that large-scale floater from blockking up at floater absorption section of thick bamboo through preventing blockking up the subassembly, carries out broken stirring to small-size floater and then absorbs and get into the floater and absorb a section of thick bamboo.
Preferably, the both ends at the inboard top of solution storage case are administered to water all articulate there is the dust guard, the dust guard bottom is close to the inboard department welding of solution storage case is administered to water has spacing spring, just spacing spring keeps away from the one end welding of dust guard is in on the inner wall of solution storage case is administered to water, plays through the dust guard and manages the dirt-proof effect of the solution that solution storage case was administered to the position in water.
Preferably, the spraying assembly comprises a spraying pump communicated with the bottom of one side of the water treatment solution storage tank through a screw, a port of the spraying pump, which is far away from the water treatment solution storage tank, is provided with a rigid connecting pipe communicated with the port, one end of the rigid connecting pipe, which is far away from the spraying pump, is communicated with a spraying pipe, and spraying openings are formed in the bottom of the spraying pipe at equal intervals, so that the function of conditioning polluted water is realized.
Preferably, the bottom of placing the chamber is equipped with the second filter screen, it has flexible coupling hose to float the gasbag intercommunication, just flexible coupling hose with the air feed pump intercommunication, the roof top is kept away from one side welding of air feed pump has second U type connecting plate, just second U type connecting plate towards erect a side tip of connecting plate with erect connecting plate side top welding, the side connecting plate with the tip of deflector department is U type structure, and inwards caves in and constitute the arc structure, the deflector face to one side evagination of side connecting plate constitute the arc structure with the indent arc structure of side connecting plate is mutually supported.
The invention also provides a use method of the self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure, which comprises the following steps:
absorbing the floating objects on the water surface: starting a second driving motor to drive the propeller to rotate and drive water flow to move, wherein the water flow enters through the through hole of the floater suction cylinder and is discharged through the opening part formed by the guide plate, and sundries are attached to the outer side of the first filter screen;
cleaning and guiding the floating objects: starting a first driving motor to drive a first rotating shaft to rotate, driving a main transmission gear to rotate through the first rotating shaft, driving a secondary transmission gear to rotate through the main transmission gear, and further driving a cleaning rod to rotate to clean floating objects and guide the floating objects to a first U-shaped connecting plate;
a floater accommodating step: the guided floating objects enter a floating storage bin positioned on the inner side of the placing cavity through a first U-shaped connecting plate to be stored;
a step of centralized treatment of floating objects: the floating storage bin carrying the floating objects is lifted out by being clamped on the hanging ring through a crane and is poured to a delivery car through a through opening for centralized treatment;
and (3) running guiding: starting a third driving motor to drive the disc body to rotate so as to drive the guide connecting rod to move, so that the guide rod is driven to generate thrust on the cylindrical connecting rod, the square sliding block of the guide rod slides in the strip-shaped sliding groove, the guide plate is driven to rotate to different directions, and water flows discharged in different directions through the guide plate are operated in different directions;
blocking the floater on the waterproof surface: starting a fourth driving motor to drive the anti-blocking stirring blade to rotate to crush the blocking floating objects;
buoyancy adjusting: the floating air bag is inflated and deflated by starting the air supply pump, so that the volume is changed, and the buoyancy is adjusted;
a water treatment step; and starting the spraying pump to spray the water treatment solution in the water treatment solution storage tank to the spraying pipe, and spraying the water treatment solution to the water surface through the spraying pipe.
Preferably, the waterproof shell is sleeved on the outer side of the driving motor in the step, wherein the water treatment solution is poured into the water treatment step by opening the dustproof plate, and the interior of the water treatment solution storage box is sealed to prevent dust under the counterforce of the limiting spring.
The invention has the beneficial technical effects that:
the invention provides a self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure and a using method thereof, a second rotating shaft is driven to rotate by a second driving motor, a propeller is driven to rotate by the second rotating shaft, water flow positioned on the inner side of a side connecting plate is driven to move from a floater absorption cylinder to a guide plate in the direction by the propeller, spiral absorption force is generated on the floater absorption cylinder by the movement of the water flow, peripheral floaters are absorbed and enter the floater absorption cylinder to the outer side of a first filter screen, the propeller generates operation driving force and floater absorption force to realize the collection and movement of the collected floaters, thereby saving energy consumption, leading the original propeller driving force to further have the function of absorbing floaters, being hung on a hanging ring by a crane, leading the floating objects to be conveniently taken out of the floating storage chamber, avoiding manual shoveling, improving working efficiency, reducing labor force, guiding the absorbed floaters to the inner side of the first U-shaped connecting plate by a filter screen cleaning guide assembly, and then enter into to showy storage facility under the drive force that the screw produced, clean the attached floater in the first filter screen outside through the filter screen guide assembly simultaneously to realize that first filter screen prevents blockking up and to showy function of leading, change the position of deflector and then change the position of motion through the water conservancy diversion subassembly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of the overall structure of a preferred embodiment of a self-priming surface float cleaning structure and method of use thereof in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a preferred embodiment of a self-priming surface float cleaning structure and method of use thereof showing a filter screen cleaning guide assembly according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a float receiving assembly in accordance with a preferred embodiment of a self-priming surface float cleaning structure and method of use thereof in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a preferred embodiment of a self-priming surface float cleaning structure and method of use thereof according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a cover plate and water treatment assembly in accordance with a preferred embodiment of a self-priming water surface float cleaning structure and method of use thereof in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a side cutaway view of a water remediation solution storage tank in accordance with a preferred embodiment of a self-priming surface float cleaning structure and method of use thereof in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of the structure at point A of a preferred embodiment of a self-priming surface float cleaning structure and method of use thereof in accordance with the present invention;
fig. 8 is an enlarged view of the structure at the position B of a preferred embodiment of the self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure and the use method thereof according to the present invention.
In the figure, 1-L type connecting plate, 2-floater absorbing cylinder, 3-first filter screen, 4-first U type connecting plate, 5-first driving motor, 6-placing cavity, 7-floating air bag, 8-second filter screen, 9-guide plate, 10-guide rod, 11-propeller, 12-side connecting plate, 13-second driving motor, 14-transverse connecting plate, 15-vertical connecting plate, 16-main driving gear, 17-first rotating shaft, 18-slave driving gear, 19-I type fastener, 20-cleaning rod, 21-rotating rod, 22-floating storage bin, 23-suspension ring, 24-dust-proof plate, 25-second U type connecting plate, 26-water solution storage box, 27-air supply pump, 28-flexible connecting hose, 29-top plate, 30-rigid connecting pipe, 31-spraying pipe, 32-spraying pump, 33-limiting spring, 34-guide connecting rod, 35-guide connecting rod, 36-third driving motor, 37-cylindrical connecting rod, 38-square slider, 39-circular connecting rod, 40-stirring sliding groove, 43-inclined rotating shaft, 44-anti-blocking supporting arm, 46-second rotating shaft, 45-inclined supporting arm, and 25-second rotating shaft.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions of the present invention more clear and definite for those skilled in the art, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the examples and the accompanying drawings, but the embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1-8, the self-suction type structure for cleaning floating objects on water surface provided by this embodiment includes a set of top plate 29, side connection plates 12 are welded on two sides of the bottom of the top plate 29, a second rotation shaft 45 is welded on the middle position of the inner side of one set of side connection plates 12, the other end of the second rotation shaft 45 is welded on the middle position of the inner side of the other set of side connection plates 12, a propeller 11 is sleeved on the outer side of the second rotation shaft 45, a second driving motor 13 is installed on the middle position of the outer side of one set of side connection plates 12 through a fixing screw, the output end of the second driving motor 13 is fixed with the end of the second rotation shaft 45, the end portions of the two sets of side connection plates 12 are hinged with guide plates 9, a flow guide assembly is disposed on the guide plates 9, a first filter screen 3 is welded on the other end, a floater absorbing cylinder 2 is welded on one side of a first filter screen 3 far away from a propeller 11, two end parts of the floater absorbing cylinder 2 are through holes, the edge part of the through hole close to the first filter screen 3 is welded with the edge part of one side of the first filter screen 3 facing the through hole, an anti-blocking component is arranged on the inner side of the other through hole part of the floater absorbing cylinder 2, a first U-shaped connecting plate 4 is welded on the outer part of two sides of a side connecting plate 12 close to the first filter screen 3 through an inclined connecting plate 46, a placing cavity 6 is welded on the side part of the first U-shaped connecting plate 4 far away from the floater absorbing cylinder 2, the welding part of the placing cavity 6 and the first U-shaped connecting plate 4 is provided with the through hole and is communicated with the first U-shaped connecting plate 4, a floating air bag 7 is arranged on the outer side of the placing cavity 6, a floating storage chamber 22 is arranged on the inner side of the placing cavity 6, the through hole of the floating storage chamber 22, a water remediation solution storage tank 26 is provided on the top of the top plate 29, and a spray assembly is provided on the side bottom of the water remediation solution storage tank 26, and an air supply pump 27 for supplying air to the flotation bladder 7 is also provided on the top of the top plate 29.
Drive second pivot 45 through second driving motor 13 and rotate, drive screw 11 through second pivot 45 and rotate, and then drive the rivers that are located side connecting plate 12 inboardly through screw 11 and absorb a section of thick bamboo 2 to the direction motion of deflector 9 position from the floater, through the motion of rivers and then produce the spiral at floater absorption section of thick bamboo 2 and absorb the power, thereby to the floater on every side absorb and enter into to the floater and absorb a section of thick bamboo 2 in to the first filter screen 3 outside, it is inboard to clean the floater direction that the direction subassembly will absorb to first U type connecting plate 4 through the filter screen, and under the drive force that screw 11 produced and then enter into to showy storage silo 22, clean the attached floater in the first filter screen 3 outside through the filter screen simultaneously, the position through water conservancy diversion subassembly deflector 9 and then change the position of motion.
In this embodiment, the floater accommodating cylinder 2 is a quarter disk structure cut along the axial direction, L type connecting plate 1 is welded on the top of the floater accommodating cylinder 2 facing to the side of the first filter screen 3, one side of L type connecting plate 1 far away from the floater accommodating cylinder 2 is welded on the top of the vertical connecting plate 15 facing to the side of the floater accommodating cylinder 2, the bottom of the first filter screen 3 is welded with the transverse connecting plate 14, and one end of the transverse connecting plate 14 far away from the first filter screen 3 is welded on the bottom of the floater accommodating cylinder 2 facing to one side of the first filter screen 3.
The through port of a section of thick bamboo 2 is received through the floater realizes receiving to the floater, slides and the promotion of rivers is down to the 3 outsides of first filter screen through the arc is inboard.
In this embodiment, the filter screen cleaning guide assembly includes a first driving motor 5 installed at an end portion of one side of the vertical connection plate 15 facing the propeller 11, the first driving motor 5 is fixed to the vertical connection plate 15 through a screw, an output end of the first driving motor 5 penetrates through the other side of the vertical connection plate 15 and is provided with a first rotation shaft 17, an outer side of the first rotation shaft 17 is sleeved with a main transmission gear 16, a rotation rod 21 is installed at a position, away from the first driving motor 5, of the other side of the vertical connection plate 15 through a bearing, an outer side of the rotation rod 21 is sleeved with a slave transmission gear 18, the slave transmission gear 18 is meshed with the main transmission gear 16, an i-shaped engaging piece 19 is welded at one end, away from the vertical connection plate 15, of the rotation rod 21 and the first rotation shaft 17, a cleaning rod 20 is bonded at an inner side portion of the i.
Drive first pivot 17 through starting first driving motor 5 and rotate, drive main drive gear 16 through first pivot 17 and rotate, and then drive from drive gear 18 through main drive gear 16 and rotate, thereby drive two sets of clearance poles 20 simultaneously and clear up the 3 outsides of first filter screen and guide to the floater, the flexure strip through the inboard of clearance pole 20 produces great elasticity and then produces bigger thrust to the floater of heavier difficult removal, make its removal, and clearance pole 20 adopts current high temperature resistant corrosion-resistant flexible rubber.
In this embodiment, the water conservancy diversion subassembly is including opening at the top of two sets of deflectors 9 along its ascending bar spout 39 of axial, the inboard of bar spout 39 is equipped with can be at the inboard gliding square slider 38 of bar spout 39, the top welding of square slider 38 has cylindrical connecting rod 37, the top cover in the cylindrical connecting rod 37 outside is equipped with the bearing, and the outside cover of this bearing is equipped with guide bar 10, guide bar 10 is close to the tip of placing chamber 6 and articulates there is guide connecting rod 34, guide connecting rod 34 keeps away from the one end of guide bar 10 and articulates there is disk body 35, third driving motor 36 is installed to the intermediate position department of disk body 35 bottom.
The third driving motor 36 is started to drive the disc body 35 to rotate, the disc body 35 drives the guide connecting rod 34 to rotate, the guide connecting rod 34 drives the guide rod 10 to move, the guide rod 10 drives the square sliding block 38 to move in the strip-shaped sliding groove 39, the position of the guide plate 9 is adjusted, and then the movement position is adjusted.
In this embodiment, the anti-blocking assembly includes an annular fixing seat 40 installed at the inner side of the floating object accommodating cylinder 2 far away from the through hole of the side connecting plate 12, a plurality of groups of supporting arms 43 are installed radially inwards along the inner side of the annular fixing seat 40, a fourth driving motor 44 is installed through the seat body at the end part of the supporting arms 43 far away from the annular fixing seat 40, the anti-blocking stirring blade 41 is installed at the output end of the fourth driving motor 44, and a clamping head 42 for clamping the anti-blocking stirring blade 41 on the output end of the fourth driving motor 44 is sleeved at the top of the output end of the fourth driving motor 44.
By starting the fourth driving motor 44, the fourth driving motor 44 drives the anti-clogging stirring blade 41 to rotate, so that the large-sized floating objects are crushed, and the crushed large-sized floating objects flow into the inner side of the floating object accommodating cylinder 2.
In this embodiment, both ends of the inside top of water treatment solution storage tank 26 are hinged with dust guard 24, limiting spring 33 is welded at the bottom of dust guard 24 near the inside of water treatment solution storage tank 26, and the end of limiting spring 33 far from dust guard 24 is welded on the inner wall of water treatment solution storage tank 26.
Open water treatment solution storage tank 26 through pressing and holding dust guard 24, add water treatment solution to inside, add to and loosen the pressure of holding dust guard 24 after the suitable position, make its dust guard 24 resume to initial position department under the reaction of spacing spring 33 and realize sealed dustproof.
In this embodiment, the spraying assembly includes the spray pump 32 through screw rod and water treatment solution storage tank 26 one side bottom intercommunication, and the one end mouth that water treatment solution storage tank 26 was kept away from to spray pump 32 is equipped with the rigid connection pipe 30 rather than the intercommunication, and the one end intercommunication that spray pump 32 was kept away from to rigid connection pipe 30 has spray pipe 31, and the equidistant sprinkler that has opened in bottom of spray pipe 31.
The water remediation solution in the water remediation solution reservoir 26 is pumped into the rigid connector tube 30 by activating the spray pump 32 and then into the spray tube 31 through the rigid connector tube 30 for ejection through the spray opening.
In this embodiment, the bottom of the placing cavity 6 is provided with the second filter screen 8, the floating airbag 7 is communicated with a flexible connecting hose 28, the flexible connecting hose 28 is communicated with the air supply pump 27, one side of the top plate 29, which is far away from the air supply pump 27, is welded with a second U-shaped connecting plate 25, one side end part of the second U-shaped connecting plate 25, which faces the vertical connecting plate 15, is welded with the side top part of the vertical connecting plate 15, the end parts of the side connecting plates 12 and the guide plates 9 are of U-shaped structures, and are inwards sunken to form an arc-shaped structure, and the guide plates 9 outwards protrude from one side, which faces the side connecting plates 12, to form an arc.
The air supply pump 27 is started to realize air charging and discharging of the floating air bag 7, so that the floating force is changed, the arc-shaped structure is formed by the outward protrusion of the guide plate 9 and is matched with the inward concave arc-shaped structure of the side connecting plate 12, the friction force between the arc-shaped structure and the inward concave arc-shaped structure is reduced, and the service life is prolonged.
Example two
A use method of a self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure comprises the following steps:
absorbing the floating objects on the water surface: the second driving motor 13 is started to drive the propeller 11 to rotate and drive water flow to move, the water flow enters through the through hole of the floater suction cylinder 2 and is discharged through the opening part formed by the guide plate 9, and sundries are attached to the outer side of the first filter screen 3;
cleaning and guiding the floating objects: starting a first driving motor 5 to drive a first rotating shaft 17 to rotate, driving a main transmission gear 16 to rotate through the first rotating shaft 17, driving a secondary transmission gear 18 to rotate through the main transmission gear 16, and further driving a cleaning rod 20 to rotate to clean floaters and guide the floaters to a first U-shaped connecting plate 4;
a floater accommodating step: the guided floating objects enter a floating storage bin 22 positioned on the inner side of the placing cavity 6 through a first U-shaped connecting plate 4 for storage;
a step of centralized treatment of floating objects: the floating storage bin 22 carrying the floating objects is lifted out by being clamped on a hanging ring 23 through a crane and is poured to a delivery car through a through opening for centralized treatment;
and (3) running guiding: starting a third driving motor 36 to drive the disc body 35 to rotate, and further drive the guide connecting rod 34 to move, so as to drive the guide rod 10 to generate thrust on the cylindrical connecting rod 37, so that the square sliding block 38 slides in the strip-shaped sliding groove 39, and further drive the guide plate 9 to rotate to different directions, so that water flows discharged in different directions through the guide plate 9 are operated in different directions;
blocking the floater on the waterproof surface: starting a fourth driving motor 44 to drive the anti-blocking stirring blade 41 to rotate so as to crush the blocking floating objects;
buoyancy adjusting: the buoyancy adjustment is performed by changing the volume by charging and discharging the floating airbag 7 by starting the air supply pump 27;
a water treatment step; the spray pump 32 is activated to spray the aqueous remediation solution from the aqueous remediation solution reservoir 26 to the spray pipe 31 and then through the spray pipe 31 to the surface of the water.
In this embodiment, the outside of the driving motor in the above-mentioned step is all overlapped and is equipped with waterproof casing, wherein manage earlier in the step through opening dust guard 24 and pour into water and manage solution, manage solution storage tank 26 internal seal and prevent dust to water under the reaction force of spacing spring 33, realize the waterproof function to driving motor through waterproof casing.
The control system adopts a singlechip as a control core in the prior art, a low-voltage control element as a driving motor operation circuit, the orientation identification is judged by adopting a screw instrument in the prior art, and a plurality of water quality detection sensors, pH value detection sensors, temperature sensors and dirt detection sensors are arranged to realize the water quality detection, and the anti-collision function is realized by an ultrasonic sensor.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the present invention and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any person skilled in the art can substitute or change the technical solution of the present invention and its conception within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure which characterized in that: comprises a group of top plates (29), side connecting plates (12) are welded on two sides of the bottom of the top plates (29), a second rotating shaft (45) is welded on the middle position of the inner side of one group of side connecting plates (12), the other end of the second rotating shaft (45) is welded on the middle position of the inner side of the other group of side connecting plates (12), a propeller (11) is sleeved on the outer side of the second rotating shaft (45), a second driving motor (13) is installed on the middle position of the outer side of one group of side connecting plates (12) through a fixing screw rod, the output end of the second driving motor (13) is fixed with the end of the second rotating shaft (45), guide plates (9) are hinged on the end parts of the two groups of side connecting plates (12), a flow guide assembly is arranged on each guide plate (9), a first filter screen (3) is welded on the other end part of the two groups of side connecting plates (12), a filter screen cleaning guide, one side of the screw (11) is welded with a floater absorbing cylinder (2) by the first filter screen (3), two ends of the floater absorbing cylinder (2) are communicated, the edge part of the opening close to the first filter screen (3) is welded with the edge part of the first filter screen (3) facing to one side of the opening, the other opening part of the floater absorbing cylinder (2) is internally provided with an anti-blocking component, the two sides of the side connecting plate (12) are welded with a first U-shaped connecting plate (4) by an inclined connecting plate (46), the side part of the floater absorbing cylinder (2) is welded with a placing cavity (6) by the first U-shaped connecting plate (4), the placing cavity (6) is welded with the first U-shaped connecting plate (4) by the welding part, the opening is communicated with the first U-shaped connecting plate (4), place the chamber (6) outside and be equipped with and float gasbag (7), place the inboard of chamber (6) and placed and float collecting storage facility (22), just float collecting storage facility (22) with place chamber (6) opening homonymy department and also opened the opening, the welding of float collecting storage facility (22) top both sides has multiunit link (23), the top of roof (29) is equipped with water and administers solution storage tank (26), just the side bottom that solution storage tank (26) were administered to water is equipped with sprays the subassembly, the top of roof (29) still be equipped with do air feed pump (27) of floating gasbag (7) air feed.
2. The self-suction type structure for cleaning the floating objects on the water surface as claimed in claim 1, wherein the floating object absorbing cylinder (2) is a quarter disk structure cut along the axial direction, the top of the floating object absorbing cylinder (2) facing the side of the first filter screen (3) is welded with L type connecting plate (1), one side of the L type connecting plate (1) far away from the floating object absorbing cylinder (2) is welded on the top of the vertical connecting plate (15) facing the side of the floating object absorbing cylinder (2), the bottom of the first filter screen (3) is welded with a transverse connecting plate (14), and one end of the transverse connecting plate (14) far away from the first filter screen (3) is welded on the bottom of the floating object absorbing cylinder (2) facing the side of the first filter screen (3).
3. The self-priming water surface floater cleaning structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the filter screen cleaning and guiding assembly comprises a first driving motor (5) installed at one side end part of a vertical connecting plate (15) facing to a propeller (11), the first driving motor (5) is fixed with the vertical connecting plate (15) through a screw rod, the output end of the first driving motor (5) penetrates to the other side of the vertical connecting plate (15) and is provided with a first rotating shaft (17), a main transmission gear (16) is sleeved on the outer side of the first rotating shaft (17), a rotating rod (21) is installed at the position, far away from the first driving motor (5), of the other side of the vertical connecting plate (15) through a bearing, a secondary transmission gear (18) is sleeved on the outer side of the rotating rod (21), the secondary transmission gear (18) is meshed with the main transmission gear (16), the rotating rod (21) and the first rotating shaft (17) are welded with an I-shaped clamping piece (19) at one end, far away from the vertical connecting plate, the inner side part of the I-shaped clamping piece (19) is bonded with a cleaning rod (20), and an elastic sheet along the axial direction of the cleaning rod (20) is arranged on the inner side of the cleaning rod (20).
4. The self-priming water surface floater cleaning structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the water conservancy diversion subassembly is including opening at the top of two sets of deflector (9) along its ascending bar spout (39) of axial, the inboard of bar spout (39) is equipped with can bar spout (39) inboard gliding square slider (38), the top welding of square slider (38) has cylindrical connecting rod (37), the top cover in cylindrical connecting rod (37) outside is equipped with the bearing, and the outside cover of this bearing is equipped with guide bar (10), guide bar (10) are close to the tip of placing chamber (6) articulates there is guide connecting rod (34), guide connecting rod (34) are kept away from the one end of guide bar (10) articulates there is disk body (35), third driving motor (36) are installed to the intermediate position department of disk body (35) bottom.
5. The self-priming water surface floater cleaning structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein: prevent blockking up the subassembly including installing float is received a section of thick bamboo (2) inboard and is kept away from annular fixing base (40) of side connecting plate (12) through-hole department, annular fixing base (40) are inboard to install multiunit support arm (43) along it radially inwards, support arm (43) are kept away from the tip of annular fixing base (40) is installed fourth driving motor (44) through the pedestal, prevent blockking up stirring leaf (41) is installed to the output of fourth driving motor (44), just the top cover of fourth driving motor (44) output is equipped with will prevent blockking up stirring leaf (41) block and be in dop (42) on fourth driving motor (44) output.
6. The self-priming water surface floater cleaning structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein: solution storage tank (26) is administered to water both ends at inboard top all articulate there are dust guard (24), dust guard (24) bottom is close to solution storage tank (26) is administered to water inboard department welding has spacing spring (33), just spacing spring (33) are kept away from the one end welding of dust guard (24) is in on the inner wall of solution storage tank (26) is administered to water.
7. The self-priming water surface floater cleaning structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the spraying assembly comprises a spraying pump (32) communicated with the bottom of one side of the water treatment solution storage tank (26) through a screw, a rigid connecting pipe (30) communicated with the spraying pump (32) is arranged at one end opening, away from the water treatment solution storage tank (26), of the spraying pump (32), the spraying pipe (31) is communicated with one end, away from the spraying pump (32), of the rigid connecting pipe (30), and spraying openings are formed in the bottom of the spraying pipe (31) at equal intervals.
8. The self-priming water surface floater cleaning structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein: place the bottom in chamber (6) and be equipped with second filter screen (8), it has flexible connecting hose (28) to float gasbag (7) intercommunication, just flexible connecting hose (28) with air feed pump (27) intercommunication, roof (29) top is kept away from one side welding of air feed pump (27) has second U type connecting plate (25), just second U type connecting plate (25) towards erect one side tip of connecting plate (15) with erect connecting plate (15) side top welding, side connecting plate (12) with the tip of deflector (9) department is U type structure, and inside sunken constitution arc structure, deflector (9) towards one side evagination constitution arc structure of side connecting plate (12) with the indent arc structure of side connecting plate (12) is mutually supported.
9. Use of a self priming surface float cleaning structure as claimed in claims 1 to 8, comprising the steps of:
absorbing the floating objects on the water surface: a second driving motor (13) is started to drive a propeller (11) to rotate and drive water flow to move, the water flow enters through a through hole of the floater suction cylinder (2) and is discharged through a mouth part formed by the guide plate (9), and sundries are attached to the outer side of the first filter screen (3);
cleaning and guiding the floating objects: starting a first driving motor (5) to drive a first rotating shaft (17) to rotate, driving a main transmission gear (16) to rotate through the first rotating shaft (17), driving a secondary transmission gear (18) to rotate through the main transmission gear (16), and further driving a cleaning rod (20) to rotate to clean floating objects and guide the floating objects to a first U-shaped connecting plate (4);
a floater accommodating step: the guided floating objects enter a floating storage bin (22) positioned on the inner side of the placing cavity (6) through a first U-shaped connecting plate (4) to be stored;
a step of centralized treatment of floating objects: the floating storage bin (22) carrying the floating objects is lifted out by being clamped on a hanging ring (23) through a crane and is dumped to a delivery car through a through opening for centralized treatment;
and (3) running guiding: starting a third driving motor (36) to drive a disc body (35) to rotate and further drive a guide connecting rod (34) to move, so that the guide rod (10) is driven to generate thrust on a cylindrical connecting rod (37), a square sliding block (38) of the guide rod slides in a strip-shaped sliding groove (39), a guide plate (9) is driven to rotate to different directions, and water flows discharged in different directions through the guide plate (9) run in different directions;
blocking the floater on the waterproof surface: starting a fourth driving motor (44) to drive the anti-blocking stirring blade (41) to rotate so as to crush the blocking floater;
buoyancy adjusting: the floating air bag (7) is inflated and deflated by starting the air supply pump (27), so that the volume is changed, and the buoyancy is adjusted;
a water treatment step; the spraying pump (32) is started to spray the water treatment solution in the water treatment solution storage tank (26) to the spraying pipe (31), and then the water treatment solution is sprayed to the water surface through the spraying pipe (31).
10. The use method of the self-suction type water surface floating object cleaning structure according to claim 9, characterized in that: the outer sides of the driving motors in the steps are all sleeved with waterproof shells, wherein in the water treatment step, water treatment solution is poured in by opening the dustproof plate (24), and the interior of the water treatment solution storage box (26) is sealed to prevent dust under the reaction force of the limiting spring (33).
CN202010204026.3A 2020-03-21 2020-03-21 Self-suction type water surface floater cleaning structure and use method thereof Pending CN111452925A (en)

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