CN111017582A - Loading stacking system - Google Patents

Loading stacking system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111017582A
CN111017582A CN202010090075.9A CN202010090075A CN111017582A CN 111017582 A CN111017582 A CN 111017582A CN 202010090075 A CN202010090075 A CN 202010090075A CN 111017582 A CN111017582 A CN 111017582A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
loading
material bag
fork
belt
bag
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010090075.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘长勇
闫俊存
王滨
吕丹
李云浩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Xinsong Robot Automation Co ltd
Original Assignee
Qingdao Xinsong Robot Automation Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qingdao Xinsong Robot Automation Co ltd filed Critical Qingdao Xinsong Robot Automation Co ltd
Priority to CN202010090075.9A priority Critical patent/CN111017582A/en
Publication of CN111017582A publication Critical patent/CN111017582A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/02Loading or unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/04Loading land vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G13/00Roller-ways
    • B65G13/02Roller-ways having driven rollers
    • B65G13/06Roller driving means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G41/00Supporting frames or bases for conveyors as a whole, e.g. transportable conveyor frames
    • B65G41/001Supporting frames or bases for conveyors as a whole, e.g. transportable conveyor frames with the conveyor adjustably mounted on the supporting frame or base
    • B65G41/003Supporting frames or bases for conveyors as a whole, e.g. transportable conveyor frames with the conveyor adjustably mounted on the supporting frame or base mounted for linear movement only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • B65G47/244Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles by turning them about an axis substantially perpendicular to the conveying plane
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/16Stacking of articles of particular shape
    • B65G57/20Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical
    • B65G57/22Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical in layers each of predetermined arrangement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/02Loading or unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/04Loading land vehicles
    • B65G67/08Loading land vehicles using endless conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0235Containers
    • B65G2201/0238Bags

Abstract

The invention discloses a loading and stacking system which comprises a material bag conveying device, a material bag arranging device, a single-layer material bag grouping device and a loading and stacking device. The material bag conveying device is used for conveying material bags; the input end of the material bag swinging device is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag conveying device; the input end of the single-layer material bag grouping device is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device and is used for receiving the material bags from the material bag swinging device and forming the single-layer material bags according to a preset stacking mode; the loading and stacking device is used for transferring the single-layer material bags on the single-layer material bag team device to a vehicle to be loaded. The automatic stacking and loading system disclosed by the invention realizes automatic stacking and loading, replaces a manual loading mode, breaks the bottleneck of the existing loading field, realizes accurate stacking of materials layer by layer, is highly automatic, does not need manual participation in the whole process, is intelligent and efficient, improves the loading efficiency and reduces the labor cost.

Description

Loading stacking system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of cargo handling, in particular to a loading stacking system.
Background
With the continuous development of automation level, more and more industries realize automatic assembly, production and detection. The goods storage, loading and unloading field develops to present, and automatic stacking and disassembling are gradually realized by traditional manual stacking.
However, in the field of loading, tray stacking, manual loading and semi-automatic loading are adopted at present. Therefore, the automation level in the field of loading is improved, manual loading is replaced by automatic loading, and the automatic loading is a necessary development trend in the field of future loading.
This kind of mode of present tray pile up neatly, semi-automatic loading is for traditional artifical loading, has saved not few time and human cost, but this kind of loading mode need increase the tray cost, can not leave the manual work completely moreover, and the loading can cause the injury even to the human body under adverse circumstances.
The existing loading mode is difficult to separate from manual work due to high dependence on the manual work, so that the loading efficiency is low, the labor cost is high, and the development of propelling automatic loading is not facilitated.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a loading stacking system, which is used for solving the technical problems that the existing loading mode is low in loading efficiency and high in labor cost and is not beneficial to propelling the development of automatic loading due to the fact that the existing loading mode is high in dependence on workers and difficult to separate from the workers.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides a loading and stacking system which comprises a material bag conveying device, a material bag arranging device, a single-layer material bag grouping device and a loading and stacking device. In particular, the material bag conveying device is used for conveying material bags; the input end of the material bag swinging device is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag conveying device; the input end of the single-layer material bag grouping device is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device and is used for receiving the material bags from the material bag swinging device and forming the single-layer material bags according to a preset stacking mode; the loading and stacking device is used for transferring the single-layer material bags on the single-layer material bag team device to a vehicle to be loaded.
Further, the material bag swinging device comprises a belt conveyor, a guide plate, a bag pushing motor, a bag pushing baffle and a steering baffle; specifically, the extending direction of the belt conveyor is the same as the extending direction of the travelling mechanism, and the upper surface of the belt conveyor is used for conveying the material bag; the guide plate is arranged on one side of the belt conveyor; the bag pushing motor is arranged on the other side of the belt conveyor and corresponds to the guide plate; the bag pushing baffle is arranged on a support of the bag pushing motor and corresponds to the guide plate, the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the input end of the belt conveyor is larger than the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor, and the bag pushing motor is used for reducing the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor; the steering baffle is arranged on one side of the belt conveyor, which is provided with the guide plate; and one end of the steering baffle facing the guide plate is provided with a blocking block for blocking one corner of the material bag and enabling the material bag to rotate.
Furthermore, the belt conveyor is obliquely arranged, one end of the belt conveyor is connected with the material bag conveying device, and the other end of the belt conveyor is connected with the single-layer material bag grouping device.
Further, the single-layer material bag grouping device comprises a fixed mounting frame, a first transmission mechanism and a second transmission mechanism; specifically, the fixed mounting frame is provided with a connection area and a material buffer area, and the connection area is opposite to the material bag swinging device; the fixed mounting frame is comb-shaped and is provided with a fixed part far away from the material bag swinging device and a plurality of mounting seats close to the material bag swinging device, and the mounting seats are arranged at intervals and are vertically connected to the fixed part; the first transmission mechanism is arranged in the connection area in a lifting manner, and the transmission direction of the first transmission mechanism is the same as that of the material bag swinging device; when the first transmission mechanism is lifted, the input end of the first transmission mechanism is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device; the second transmission mechanism is arranged on the fixed mounting frame, the connection area and the first transmission mechanism are arranged at intervals, and the transmission direction of the second transmission mechanism is vertical to that of the first transmission mechanism; when the first transmission mechanism descends, the plane of the first transmission mechanism is lower than the plane of the second transmission mechanism.
Further, the fixed mounting frame comprises a comb-shaped base and a connecting frame; the comb-shaped base is provided with a fixing part far away from the material bag swinging device and a plurality of mounting seats close to the material bag swinging device, and the mounting seats are arranged at intervals and are vertically connected to the fixing part; one end of the connecting frame is connected with the comb-shaped base, and the other end of the connecting frame is arranged on the traveling mechanism.
Further, the first transmission mechanism comprises a comb-shaped belt mounting frame, a first belt rotating shaft, a plurality of second belt rotating shafts, a plurality of belts, a belt rotating shaft motor and a belt lifting device; specifically, the comb-shaped belt mounting frames are alternately arranged at intervals between the connection zone and the mounting seats; the first belt rotating shaft is arranged on the comb-shaped belt mounting frame close to the material bag swinging device; the plurality of second belt rotating shafts are arranged on the comb-shaped belt mounting rack close to the fixing parts, and the second belt rotating shafts and the mounting seats are alternately arranged at intervals; the plurality of belts are arranged around the first belt rotating shaft and the second belt rotating shaft, and the belts and the mounting seats are alternately arranged at intervals; the belt rotating shaft motor is used for driving the first belt rotating shaft or the second belt rotating shaft to rotate; the belt lifting device is connected with one side, close to the first belt rotating shaft, of the comb-shaped belt mounting frame and used for controlling the comb-shaped belt mounting frame to lift.
Further, the second transmission mechanism comprises a plurality of rollers and a roller motor; one end of each roller is rotatably arranged on the fixed part, and the other end of each roller is rotatably arranged on the mounting seat; the roller motor is arranged on the fixing part and used for driving the roller to rotate.
Furthermore, the loading and stacking system also comprises a support frame and a travelling mechanism; the support frame is arranged on the bottom surface in an inverted U shape, and a vehicle channel for parking the vehicle to be loaded is enclosed below the inner part of the support frame; the travelling mechanism is mounted to the middle of the inner side of the support frame and is positioned above the vehicle to be loaded; the loading and stacking device is movably arranged on the travelling mechanism.
Furthermore, the travelling mechanism comprises at least two guide rails, at least two main body frames, at least two groups of travelling wheels, a travelling motor, a plurality of transverse moving guide rails, a transverse moving frame and a transverse moving motor. Specifically, the at least two guide rails are fixedly mounted to the middle inside of the support frame; the extending directions of the at least two main body frames are parallel to the extending directions of the two guide rails and are respectively arranged above the two guide rails; the at least two groups of travelling wheels are arranged between the guide rail and the main body frame and are respectively positioned at the end parts of the main body frame, and are used for enabling the main body frame to move along the guide rail; the walking motor is arranged on one side of at least one group of walking wheels and used for driving the walking wheels to rotate; the plurality of traverse guide rails are perpendicular to the main body frame and are installed on the upper surface of the main body frame; the transverse moving frame is in a square shape and is arranged on the transverse moving guide rail; the loading and stacking device is arranged on the transverse moving frame; the transverse moving motor is arranged on one side of at least one transverse moving guide rail and used for driving the transverse moving guide rail to move in a telescopic mode.
Further, loading pile up neatly device includes fork, fork telescopic machanism, fork elevating system, baffle mechanism and fork lifting mechanism. The fork is used for forking the material bags on the single-layer material bag team forming device; the fork telescopic mechanism is connected with the rear end of the fork and is used for driving the fork to stretch back and forth in a horizontal plane; the fork lifting mechanism is fixedly connected with the upper part of the fork telescopic mechanism and is used for driving the fork to move in the vertical direction; the baffle mechanism is movably arranged between the fork and the fork telescopic mechanism and used for pushing the material bag at the front end of the fork out. The fork lifting mechanism comprises a rotating shaft and a fork angle control mechanism; the rotating shaft is arranged in the middle of the fork, and the fork telescopic mechanism is rotatably connected with the rotating shaft; one end of the fork angle control mechanism (tail cylinder) is mounted on the lower surface of the fork telescopic mechanism, and the other end of the fork angle control mechanism is mounted at the rear end of the fork.
According to the novel loading and stacking system, automatic stacking and loading are achieved, a manual loading mode is replaced, the bottleneck of the existing loading field is broken through, accurate stacking of materials layer by layer is achieved, high automation is achieved, manual participation is not needed in the whole process, the system is intelligent and efficient, loading efficiency is improved, labor cost is reduced, development of automatic loading level is promoted, loading under severe environment is achieved, and harm of manual loading to bodies of workers is avoided.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
FIG. 1 is an overall layout of a truck-loading palletising system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an overall side view of a truck-loading palletising system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a main body part of the truck loading and stacking system in the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a partial schematic structural view of the traveling mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a top view of a material bag pendulum-type device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a single-layer material bag grouping device according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of one direction of the truck loading and stacking device in the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of another orientation of the truck-loading palletising apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the upper half part of the truck loading and stacking device in the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of the fork lift mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention;
figure 11 is a schematic view of the lower half of the truck-loading palletiser in an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of the shutter mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is to be understood that the described embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention, and not restrictive of the full scope of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; may be mechanically connected, may be electrically connected or may be in communication with each other; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the drawings, the thickness of layers and regions are exaggerated for clarity. For example, the thicknesses and sizes of elements in the drawings are arbitrarily shown for convenience of description, and thus, the described technical scope is not limited by the drawings.
Furthermore, the terms "horizontal", "vertical", "overhang" and the like do not imply that the components are required to be absolutely horizontal or overhang, but may be slightly inclined. For example, "horizontal" merely means that the direction is more horizontal than "vertical" and does not mean that the structure must be perfectly horizontal, but may be slightly inclined.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the present invention provides a loading and stacking system 100, which includes a support frame 10, a traveling mechanism 20, a material bag conveying device 30, a material bag arranging device 40, a single-layer material bag grouping device 50, and a loading and stacking device 60. Each of the components of the truck-loading truck-stacking system 100 may be used alone or in combination with other equipment. The support frame 10, the traveling mechanism 20 and the loading and stacking device 60 form a loading and lifting system. The loading stacking system 100 realizes automatic stacking and loading, replaces manual loading, breaks the bottleneck of the existing loading field, realizes accurate stacking of materials layer by layer, is highly automatic, does not need manual participation in the whole process, is intelligent and efficient, improves loading efficiency, reduces labor cost, promotes development of automatic loading level, realizes loading under severe environment, and avoids harm of manual loading to bodies of workers.
Specifically, the support frame 10 is installed on the bottom surface in an inverted U shape, and a vehicle passage for parking the vehicle 101 to be loaded is defined under the inner part of the support frame, the vehicle 101 to be loaded is preferably a flat car, and the vehicle 101 to be loaded can pass along the vehicle passage; the travelling mechanism 20 is mounted to the middle of the inner side of the support frame 10 and is positioned above the vehicle 101 to be loaded; the material bag conveying device 30 is arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism 20 and is used for conveying material bags 102; when materials are supplied, the material bags 102 are conveyed on the material bag conveying device 30 and are arranged in a consistent manner; the material bag 102 is cuboid, and the length direction of the material bag is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the material bag conveying device 30; the input end of the material bag swinging device 40 is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag conveying device 30; the input end of the single-layer material bag grouping device 50 is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device 40, and is used for forming the material bags 102 into the single-layer material bags 102 according to a preset stacking mode; the truck loading and stacking device 60 is movably mounted on the traveling mechanism 20, can travel along the extending direction of the traveling mechanism 20, and is used for transferring the single-layer material bags 102 on the single-layer material bag grouping device 50 to the vehicle 101 to be loaded.
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, in this embodiment, the supporting frame 10 is a bearing mechanism of the loading and stacking system 100, and is preferably a steel structure or other supporting columns with a certain height, or an assembly structure integrally formed by steel structures or other supporting columns.
The support frame 10 comprises at least two first upper cross beams 11, a plurality of second upper cross beams 12, a plurality of support legs 13 and an anti-collision dead stop 14. The at least two first upper cross beams 11 are arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism 20; the plurality of second upper cross beams 12 are vertically arranged and fixedly connected with the two first upper cross beams 11; the plurality of support legs 13 are fixedly connected with two ends of the second upper cross beam 12 and are positioned on the same side of the second upper cross beam 12; the anti-collision dead block 14 and the second upper cross beam 12 are fixedly connected above the travelling mechanism 20 and arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism 20, so that the material bag swinging device 40, the single-layer material bag grouping device 50 and the loading and stacking device 60 are prevented from colliding with the support frame 1.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 4, in the present embodiment, the traveling mechanism 20 includes at least two guide rails 21, at least two main frames 22, at least two sets of traveling wheels 23, a traveling motor 24, a plurality of traverse guide rails 25, a traverse frame 26 and a traverse motor 27. The traveling mechanism 20 can move left, right, front, and rear. Specifically, the at least two guide rails 21 are fixedly mounted to the inner middle portion of the support frame 10; the extending directions of the at least two main body frames 22 are parallel to the extending directions of the two guide rails 21 and are respectively arranged above the two guide rails 21; the at least two groups of road wheels 23 are installed between the guide rail 21 and the main body frame 22 and are respectively located at the end part of the main body frame 22, and are used for enabling the main body frame 22 to move along the guide rail 21, and each group of road wheels 23 comprises two road wheel boxes 231 and a connecting rod 232 for connecting; the walking motor 24 is mounted on one side of at least one group of walking wheels 23 and used for driving the walking wheels 23 to rotate, and preferably, the walking motor 24 is mounted on the connecting rod 232; the plurality of traverse rails 25 are perpendicular to the main body frame 22 and mounted on the upper surface of the main body frame 22; the traverse frame 26 is square and is arranged on the traverse guide rail 25; the loading and stacking device 60 is mounted on the traverse frame 26; the traverse motor 27 is installed at one side of at least one traverse guide 25, and is used for driving the traverse guide 25 to move telescopically.
Referring to fig. 5, in the present embodiment, the material bag swinging device 40 includes a belt conveyor 41, a guide plate 42, a bag pushing motor 43, a bag pushing baffle 44 and a turning baffle 45; specifically, the extension direction of the belt conveyor 41 is the same as the extension direction of the traveling mechanism 20, the upper surface of the belt conveyor is used for conveying the material bag 102, the material bag 102 is rectangular, and the length direction of the material bag 102 is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the belt conveyor 41 when entering the belt conveyor 41; the guide plate 42 is installed at one side of the belt conveyor 41; the bag pushing motor 43 is installed at the other side of the belt conveyor 41 and is arranged corresponding to the guide plate 42; the bag pushing baffle 44 is mounted on a support of the bag pushing motor 43 and is arranged corresponding to the guide plate 42, an opening of the guide plate 42 and the bag pushing baffle 44 on one side of the input end of the belt conveyor 41 is larger than an opening of the guide plate 42 and the bag pushing baffle 44 on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor 41, and the bag pushing motor 43 is used for reducing the openings of the guide plate 42 and the bag pushing baffle 44 on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor 41; the steering baffle 45 is arranged on one side of the belt conveyor 41, which is provided with the guide plate 42; the turning baffle 45 is provided with a blocking piece 451 at an end facing the guide plate 42, for blocking a corner of the material bag 102 and rotating the material bag 102.
When the material bag 102 needs to rotate, the bag pushing motor 43 pushes the bag pushing baffle 44 to reduce the opening of the bag pushing baffle 44 and the guide plate 42 at the output end side of the belt conveyor 41, the material bag 102 rotates along the inclined direction of the bag pushing baffle 44, that is, the material bag 102 rotates by a certain angle under the guiding action of the bag pushing baffle 44 and the guide plate 42, and when one corner of the material bag 102 touches the stop block of the turning baffle 45, the material bag 102 completes 90-degree rotation under the combined action of the belt conveyor 41 and the turning baffle 45.
Referring to fig. 4, in the present embodiment, the belt conveyor 41 is disposed in an inclined manner, and one end thereof is connected to the material bag conveying device 30, and the other end thereof is connected to the single-layer material bag grouping device 50. Preferably, the positions of the material bag conveying device 30 and the belt conveyor 41 are relatively fixed, the support of the material bag conveying device 30 is fixed with the traveling mechanism 20, and the material bag conveying device 30 can move back and forth along with the traveling mechanism 20.
In this embodiment, the inclination angle of the belt conveyor 41 to the horizontal plane is 5 degrees to 45 degrees, preferably 30 degrees. Therefore, the gravity action of the material bag 102 can be fully utilized, so that the material bag 102 can complete 90-degree rotation under the combined action of the belt conveyor 41 and the steering baffle 45.
Referring to fig. 4 and 6, in the present embodiment, the single-layer material bag grouping device 50 includes a fixed mounting frame 51, a first transmission mechanism 52 and a second transmission mechanism 53; specifically, the fixed mounting frame 51 is provided with a connection zone 501 and a material buffer zone 502, wherein the connection zone 501 is arranged opposite to the material bag swinging device 40; the first transmission mechanism 52 is arranged in the docking area 501 in a lifting manner, and the transmission direction of the first transmission mechanism is the same as that of the material bag swinging device 40; when the first transmission mechanism 52 is lifted, the input end of the first transmission mechanism is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device 40; the second transmission mechanism 53 is mounted on the fixed mounting frame 51, and is arranged at an interval between the docking area 501 and the first transmission mechanism 52, and the transmission direction of the second transmission mechanism 53 is perpendicular to the transmission direction of the first transmission mechanism 52; when the first transmission mechanism 52 descends, the plane of the first transmission mechanism 52 is lower than the plane of the second transmission mechanism 53.
Referring to fig. 6, in the present embodiment, the fixing frame 51 includes a comb-shaped base 511 and a connecting frame 512; the comb-shaped base 511 is provided with a fixing part 5111 far away from the material bag swinging device 40 and a plurality of mounting seats 5112 close to the material bag swinging device 40, and the mounting seats 5112 are arranged at intervals and are vertically connected to the fixing part 5111; one end of the connecting frame 512 is connected to the comb-shaped base 511, and the other end thereof is mounted on the lower surface of the traverse frame 26 of the traveling mechanism 20.
Referring to fig. 6, in the present embodiment, the first transmission mechanism 52 includes a comb-shaped belt mounting frame 521, a first belt rotating shaft 522, a plurality of second belt rotating shafts 523, a plurality of belts 524, a belt rotating shaft motor 525 and a belt lifting device 526; specifically, the comb-shaped belt mounting frames 521 are alternately arranged with the mounting seats 5112 at intervals in the docking area 501; the first belt rotating shaft 522 is arranged on the comb-shaped belt mounting rack 521 close to the material bag swinging device 40; the plurality of second belt rotating shafts 523 are mounted on the comb-shaped belt mounting frame 521 near the fixing portion 5111, and the second belt rotating shafts 523 and the mounting seats 5112 are alternately arranged at intervals; the belts 524 are arranged around the first belt rotating shaft 522 and the second belt rotating shaft 523, and the belts 524 and the mounting seats 5112 are alternately arranged at intervals; the belt rotating shaft motor 525 is used for driving the first belt rotating shaft 522 or the second belt rotating shaft 523 to rotate; the belt lifting device 526 is connected to one side of the comb-shaped belt installation rack 521, which is close to the first belt rotating shaft 522, and is used for controlling the lifting of the comb-shaped belt installation rack 521.
Referring to fig. 3, in the present embodiment, the belt lifting device 526 includes a belt lifting motor 5261, a rotating rod 5262 and a lifting rod 5263; the belt lifting motor 5261 is fixedly mounted above the comb-shaped belt mounting frame 521; the rotating rod 5262 is connected to a rotating shaft of the belt lifting motor 5261; one end of the lifting rod 5263 is rotatably connected to the rotating rod 5262, and the other end thereof is connected to one side of the comb-shaped belt mounting bracket 521, which is adjacent to the first belt rotating shaft 522.
In another embodiment, the belt lifting device 526 includes a belt lifting motor 5261, which is fixedly mounted on the fixed mounting frame 51 and is connected to the second belt rotating shaft 523 in a lifting manner.
Referring to fig. 6, in this embodiment, the second transmission mechanism 53 includes a plurality of rollers 531 and a roller motor 532; one end of the rollers 531 is rotatably mounted on the fixing portion 5111, and the other end thereof is rotatably mounted on the mounting seat 5112; the roller motor 532 is installed on the fixing portion 5111, and is used for driving the roller 531 to rotate.
The comb-shaped base 511 and the comb-shaped belt mounting rack 521 are arranged in a staggered manner, so that the material bags 102 are transferred onto the fixed mounting rack 51 through the first conveying mechanism 52, the conveying distance of the material bags 102 is controlled through the first conveying mechanism 52, and the material bags are conveyed in a direction perpendicular to the first conveying mechanism 52 through the second conveying mechanism 53, thereby completing the formation of single-layer material bags 102 of the material bags 102.
Referring to fig. 3 and 7-12, in the present embodiment, the truck-loading stacking apparatus 60 includes a fork 61, a fork extending mechanism 62, a fork lifting mechanism 63, and a baffle mechanism 64. The fork 61 is used for forking the material bags 102 on the single-layer material bag grouping device 50; the fork telescopic mechanism 62 is connected with the rear end of the fork 61 and is used for driving the fork 61 to be telescopic back and forth in a horizontal plane; the fork lifting mechanism 63 is fixedly connected with the upper part of the fork telescopic mechanism 62 and is used for driving the fork 61 to move in the vertical direction; the baffle mechanism 64 is movably disposed between the fork 61 and the fork extending mechanism 62, and is used for pushing out the material bag 102 at the front end of the fork 61.
Referring to fig. 10 and 11, in the present embodiment, the truck-loading stacking apparatus 60 further includes a fork lifting mechanism 65, where the fork lifting mechanism 65 includes a rotating shaft 651 and a fork angle control mechanism 652; the rotating shaft 651 is mounted in the middle of the fork 61, and the fork telescopic mechanism 62 is rotatably connected with the rotating shaft 651; the fork angle control mechanism 652 is preferably a cylinder having one end mounted to the lower surface of the fork retracting mechanism 62 and the other end mounted to the rear end of the fork 61.
In this embodiment, the fork extending and retracting mechanism 62 includes a fork moving frame 621, a cross frame 622, and an extending and retracting motor 623; the fork moving frame 621 is square-shaped, one end of the fork moving frame is connected with the middle part of the fork 61, and the other end of the fork moving frame is connected with the rear end of the fork 61; the cross frame 622 is slidably connected to the upper surface of the fork moving frame 621; one end of the telescopic motor 623 is connected with the fork moving frame 621, and the other end of the telescopic motor 623 is connected with the cross frame 622, and the telescopic motor 623 drives the fork moving frame 621 to move relative to the cross frame 622, so that the cross frame 622 can move back and forth along the fork moving frame 621.
Referring to fig. 3, 7-12, in the present embodiment, the fork extending and retracting mechanism 62 further includes: and a telescopic rack 624 installed at the bottom of the cross frame 622, wherein the fork moving frame 621 slides along the telescopic rack 624.
Referring to fig. 3 and 7-12, in the present embodiment, the fork lifting mechanism 63 includes a lifting fixing base 631, a lifting motor 632, a lifting frame 633 and a chain 634. The lifting fixing seat 631 is movably installed on the traveling mechanism 20; the lifting motor 632 is mounted on the lifting fixing seat 631; the lifting frame 633 is slidably mounted on the lifting fixing seat 631; one end of the chain 634 is disposed around the rotating shaft of the lifting motor 632, and the other end of the chain 634 is fixedly connected to the lifting frame 633.
In this embodiment, the fork lifting mechanism 63 further includes an auxiliary lifting motor 635, an auxiliary lifting frame 636 and a lifting rack 637; therefore, the fork lifting mechanism 63 comprises a two-section lifting frame consisting of the lifting frame 633 and the auxiliary lifting frame 636, and the lifting frame 633 and the auxiliary lifting frame 636 can be connected through the chain 634, so that the lifting size is increased, and the space is saved. The auxiliary lifting motor 635 is mounted on the lifting fixing seat 631; the auxiliary lifting motor 635 is provided with a driving gear; the auxiliary lifting frame 636 is slidably disposed inside the lifting fixing seat 631, and the lifting frame 633 is slidably disposed inside the auxiliary lifting frame 636; the lifting rack 637 is installed outside the auxiliary lifting frame 636, and is engaged with a driving gear of the auxiliary lifting motor 635.
Referring to fig. 8-12, in the present embodiment, the baffle mechanism 64 includes a baffle supporting rod 641 and a baffle 642; the baffle supporting rod 641 is telescopically connected with the fork telescopic mechanism 62; the baffle 642 is parallel to the baffle support rod 641, and the baffle 642 is connected with the baffle support rod 641 in a lifting manner. The baffle 642 of the baffle mechanism 64 can move back and forth and up and down. The bottom of the baffle 642 is provided with a gap into which a protrusion can be inserted into the fork 61, i.e. the bottom of the baffle 642 is adapted to the fork 61, so that the material bag 102 is prevented from being left on the fork 61.
Referring to fig. 8-12, in the present embodiment, the baffle mechanism 64 further includes a lifting fixing seat 643, a lifting guiding column 644 and a lifting cylinder 645; the lifting fixing seat 643 is installed on the baffle supporting rod 641; one end of the lifting guide post 644 is fixedly connected to the baffle 642 and passes through the lifting fixing seat 643 to be slidably connected; one end of the lifting cylinder 645 is fixedly connected to the baffle 642, and the other end thereof is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the fork lifting mechanism 63. The lifting fixing seat 643 is fixed with the baffle supporting rod 641, the lifting guide post 644 is fixed with the baffle 642, and the lifting cylinder 645 can push the baffle 642 to move up and down.
Referring to fig. 8-12, in the present embodiment, the baffle mechanism 64 further includes a push plate fixing seat 646, a push plate guide column 647, and a push cylinder 648; the push plate fixing seat 646 is mounted on the fork telescopic mechanism 62 or fixed below the fork lifting mechanism 63; one end of the push plate guide column 647 is fixedly connected to the baffle support rod 641 and slidably connected with the push plate fixing seat 646; one end of the pushing cylinder 648 is fixedly connected to the blocking plate 642, and the other end thereof is fixedly connected to the fork extending mechanism 62 facing the blocking plate 642. The push plate guide column 647 is fixed with the baffle support rod 641 and installed in the push plate fixing seat 646, and the push cylinder 648 can push the baffle support rod 641 to move back and forth.
The loading pile up neatly system of this embodiment has full-automatic intelligent pile up neatly loading function, compares prior art and has following advantage: the full-automatic stacking and loading is realized, and the materials can be automatically stacked into the carriage layer by layer and stack by stack; the loading form is flexible, and the package arrangement form can be automatically changed according to requirements; is suitable for packaging bags and materials in any form; the device can work in a severe environment; the loading speed is high, and the loading efficiency can be improved; the material bags are closely arranged, so that the stacking and loading stability is improved.
According to the novel loading and stacking system, automatic stacking and loading are achieved, a manual loading mode is replaced, the bottleneck of the existing loading field is broken through, accurate stacking of materials layer by layer is achieved, high automation is achieved, manual participation is not needed in the whole process, the system is intelligent and efficient, loading efficiency is improved, labor cost is reduced, development of automatic loading level is promoted, loading under severe environment is achieved, and harm of manual loading to bodies of workers is avoided.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A truck loading pallet system, comprising:
the material bag conveying device is used for conveying material bags;
the input end of the material bag swinging device is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag conveying device;
the input end of the single-layer material bag grouping device is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device and is used for receiving the material bags from the material bag swinging device and forming the single-layer material bags according to a preset stacking mode; and
and the loading and stacking device is used for transferring the single-layer material bags on the single-layer material bag team device to a vehicle to be loaded.
2. Truck-loading palletising system according to claim 1, characterized in that the material bag pendulum device comprises:
the extending direction of the belt conveyor is the same as that of the travelling mechanism, and the upper surface of the belt conveyor is used for conveying the material bag;
the guide plate is arranged on one side of the belt conveyor;
the bag pushing motor is arranged on the other side of the belt conveyor and corresponds to the guide plate;
the bag pushing baffle is arranged on a support of the bag pushing motor and corresponds to the guide plate, the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the input end of the belt conveyor is larger than the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor, and the bag pushing motor is used for reducing the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor; and
the steering baffle is arranged on one side of the belt conveyor, which is provided with the guide plate; and one end of the steering baffle facing the guide plate is provided with a blocking block for blocking one corner of the material bag and enabling the material bag to rotate.
3. The truck-loading palletising system of claim 2, wherein the belt conveyor is inclined with one end engaged with the material bag conveyor and the other end engaged with the single-layer material bag organizing device.
4. The truck-loading palletising system of claim 1, wherein the single-layer bag-organizing device comprises:
the fixed mounting frame is provided with a connection area and a material cache area, and the connection area is opposite to the material bag swinging device;
the first transmission mechanism is arranged in the connection area in a lifting mode, and the transmission direction of the first transmission mechanism is the same as that of the material bag swinging device; when the first transmission mechanism is lifted, the input end of the first transmission mechanism is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device; and
the second transmission mechanism is arranged on the fixed mounting frame, the connection area and the first transmission mechanism are arranged at intervals, and the transmission direction of the second transmission mechanism is perpendicular to that of the first transmission mechanism; when the first transmission mechanism descends, the plane of the first transmission mechanism is lower than the plane of the second transmission mechanism.
5. The truck-loading palletising system of claim 4, wherein the fixed mounting bracket comprises:
the comb-shaped base is provided with a fixing part far away from the material bag swinging device and a plurality of mounting seats close to the material bag swinging device, and the mounting seats are arranged at intervals and are vertically connected to the fixing part;
one end of the connecting frame is connected with the comb-shaped base, and the other end of the connecting frame is installed on the traveling mechanism.
6. The truck-loading palletising system of claim 4, wherein the first transfer mechanism comprises:
the comb-shaped belt mounting frames are alternately arranged with the mounting seats at intervals in the connection area;
the first belt rotating shaft is arranged on the comb-shaped belt mounting frame close to the material bag swinging device;
the second belt rotating shafts are arranged on the comb-shaped belt mounting frame close to the fixing parts and are alternately arranged with the mounting seats at intervals;
the plurality of belts are arranged around the first belt rotating shaft and the second belt rotating shaft, and the belts and the mounting seats are alternately arranged at intervals;
the belt rotating shaft motor is used for driving the first belt rotating shaft or the second belt rotating shaft to rotate; and
and the belt lifting device is connected with one side of the first belt rotating shaft close to the comb-shaped belt mounting frame and used for controlling the comb-shaped belt mounting frame to lift.
7. The truck-loading palletising system of claim 4, wherein the second transfer mechanism comprises:
a plurality of rollers, one end of which is rotatably mounted on the fixing part and the other end of which is rotatably mounted on the mounting seat; and
and the roller motor is arranged on the fixed part and used for driving the roller to rotate.
8. The truck-loading palletising system of claim 1, further comprising:
the support frame is arranged on the bottom surface in an inverted U shape, and a vehicle channel for parking the vehicle to be loaded is enclosed below the inner part of the support frame; and
the traveling mechanism is mounted to the middle of the inner side of the support frame and is positioned above the vehicle to be loaded; the loading and stacking device is movably arranged on the travelling mechanism.
9. The truck-loading palletising system of claim 8, wherein the travelling mechanism comprises:
the at least two guide rails are fixedly arranged at the middle part of the inner side of the support frame;
the extending directions of the at least two main body frames are parallel to the extending directions of the two guide rails and are respectively arranged above the two guide rails;
at least two groups of travelling wheels, which are arranged between the guide rail and the main body frame, are respectively positioned at the end parts of the main body frame and are used for enabling the main body frame to move along the guide rail;
the walking motor is arranged on one side of at least one group of walking wheels and used for driving the walking wheels to rotate;
a plurality of traverse rails perpendicular to the main body frame and installed on an upper surface of the main body frame;
the transverse moving frame is in a square shape and is arranged on the transverse moving guide rail; the loading and stacking device is arranged on the transverse moving frame; and
and the transverse moving motor is arranged on one side of at least one transverse moving guide rail and is used for driving the transverse moving guide rail to move in a telescopic manner.
10. The truck-loading palletising system of claim 1, wherein the truck-loading palletising device comprises:
the pallet fork is used for forking the material bags on the single-layer material bag team forming device;
the fork telescopic mechanism is connected with the rear end of the fork and used for driving the fork to stretch back and forth in a horizontal plane;
the fork lifting mechanism is fixedly connected with the upper part of the fork telescopic mechanism and is used for driving the fork to move in the vertical direction;
the baffle mechanism is movably arranged between the fork and the fork telescopic mechanism and is used for pushing out the material bag at the front end of the fork; and
a fork lifting mechanism, the fork lifting mechanism comprising:
the rotating shaft is arranged in the middle of the fork, and the fork telescopic mechanism is rotatably connected with the rotating shaft; and
and one end of the fork angle control mechanism is arranged on the lower surface of the fork telescopic mechanism, and the other end of the fork angle control mechanism is arranged at the rear end of the fork.
CN202010090075.9A 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 Loading stacking system Pending CN111017582A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010090075.9A CN111017582A (en) 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 Loading stacking system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010090075.9A CN111017582A (en) 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 Loading stacking system

Publications (1)

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Country Link
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111924575A (en) * 2020-09-02 2020-11-13 湖北三江航天机电设备有限责任公司 Unmanned intelligent car loader
CN113443456A (en) * 2021-07-26 2021-09-28 绵阳蓝奥重型机械制造有限公司 Bag stacking equipment and material bag stacking method
CN113830584A (en) * 2021-10-15 2021-12-24 朱建民 Bagged goods loading and stacking device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106276323A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-01-04 重庆南商机器人科技有限公司 A kind of bagged material automatic loading machine
WO2017005690A1 (en) * 2015-07-06 2017-01-12 Flsmidth A/S System and method for automatic loading of a vehicle
CN211769065U (en) * 2020-02-13 2020-10-27 青岛新松机器人自动化有限公司 Loading stacking system

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017005690A1 (en) * 2015-07-06 2017-01-12 Flsmidth A/S System and method for automatic loading of a vehicle
CN106276323A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-01-04 重庆南商机器人科技有限公司 A kind of bagged material automatic loading machine
CN211769065U (en) * 2020-02-13 2020-10-27 青岛新松机器人自动化有限公司 Loading stacking system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111924575A (en) * 2020-09-02 2020-11-13 湖北三江航天机电设备有限责任公司 Unmanned intelligent car loader
CN113443456A (en) * 2021-07-26 2021-09-28 绵阳蓝奥重型机械制造有限公司 Bag stacking equipment and material bag stacking method
CN113830584A (en) * 2021-10-15 2021-12-24 朱建民 Bagged goods loading and stacking device

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