CN211643939U - Loading system - Google Patents

Loading system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211643939U
CN211643939U CN202020165966.1U CN202020165966U CN211643939U CN 211643939 U CN211643939 U CN 211643939U CN 202020165966 U CN202020165966 U CN 202020165966U CN 211643939 U CN211643939 U CN 211643939U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fork
material bag
loading
frame
belt
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Active
Application number
CN202020165966.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘长勇
闫俊存
王滨
吕丹
李云浩
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Qingdao Xinsong Robot Automation Co ltd
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Qingdao Xinsong Robot Automation Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020165966.1U priority Critical patent/CN211643939U/en
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Publication of CN211643939U publication Critical patent/CN211643939U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a loading system, put type device, individual layer material bag team device and loading pile up neatly device including support frame, running gear, material bag conveyor, material bag. The utility model discloses lead to and having realized automatic loading, having replaced the mode of artifical loading, broken the bottleneck in current loading field, realized that the material successive layer carries out accurate pile up neatly to high automation, whole journey need not artifical the participation, and intelligence is high-efficient, has improved loading efficiency, has reduced the cost of labor, impels the development of automatic loading level, has realized the loading under adverse circumstances, has avoided artifical loading to workman's health injury.

Description

Loading system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a cargo handling technical field, concretely relates to loading system.
Background
With the continuous development of automation level, more and more industries realize automatic assembly, production and detection. The goods storage, loading and unloading field develops to present, and automatic stacking and disassembling are gradually realized by traditional manual stacking.
However, in the field of loading, tray stacking, manual loading and semi-automatic loading are adopted at present. Therefore, the automation level in the field of loading is improved, manual loading is replaced by automatic loading, and the automatic loading is a necessary development trend in the field of future loading.
This kind of mode of present tray pile up neatly, semi-automatic loading is for traditional artifical loading, has saved not few time and human cost, but this kind of loading mode need increase the tray cost, can not leave the manual work completely moreover, and the loading can cause the injury even to the human body under adverse circumstances.
The existing loading mode is difficult to separate from manual work due to high dependence on the manual work, so that the loading efficiency is low, the labor cost is high, and the development of propelling automatic loading is not facilitated.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a loading system for solve current loading mode because high to artifical degree of dependence, be difficult to break away from the manual work, lead to the loading inefficiency, the cost of labor is high, is unfavorable for advancing the technical problem of automatic loading development.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a loading system, put type device, individual layer material bag team device and loading pile up neatly device including support frame, running gear, material bag conveyor, material bag. Specifically, the support frame is arranged on the bottom surface in an inverted U shape, and a vehicle channel for parking a vehicle to be loaded is defined by the lower part of the inner part of the support frame; the travelling mechanism is mounted to the middle of the inner side of the support frame and is positioned above the vehicle to be loaded; the material bag conveying device is arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism, and material bags are conveyed on the material bag conveying device; the input end of the material bag swinging device is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag conveying device; the input end of the single-layer material bag grouping device is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device, and the material bags form single-layer material bags on the single-layer material bag grouping device according to a preset stacking mode; the loading and stacking device is movably arranged on the travelling mechanism, and the single-layer material bag is transferred to the vehicle to be loaded through the loading and stacking device.
Further, the support frame includes two at least first entablature, a plurality of second entablature, a plurality of landing leg and crashproof fender that dies. The at least two first upper cross beams are arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism; the plurality of second upper cross beams are vertically arranged with the two first upper cross beams and are fixedly connected with the two first upper cross beams; the plurality of support legs are fixedly connected with two ends of the second upper cross beam and are positioned on the same side of the second upper cross beam; the anti-collision dead block and the second upper cross beam are fixedly connected and arranged above the travelling mechanism and are arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism.
Furthermore, the travelling mechanism comprises at least two guide rails, at least two main body frames, at least two groups of travelling wheels, a travelling motor, a plurality of transverse moving guide rails, a transverse moving frame and a transverse moving motor. Specifically, the at least two guide rails are fixedly mounted to the middle inside of the support frame; the extending directions of the at least two main body frames are parallel to the extending directions of the two guide rails and are respectively arranged above the two guide rails; the at least two groups of travelling wheels are arranged between the guide rail and the main body frame and are respectively positioned at the end parts of the main body frame, and are used for enabling the main body frame to move along the guide rail; the walking motor is arranged on one side of at least one group of walking wheels and used for driving the walking wheels to rotate; the plurality of traverse guide rails are perpendicular to the main body frame and are installed on the upper surface of the main body frame; the transverse moving frame is in a square shape and is arranged on the transverse moving guide rail; the loading and stacking device is arranged on the transverse moving frame; the transverse moving motor is arranged on one side of at least one transverse moving guide rail and used for driving the transverse moving guide rail to move in a telescopic mode.
Further, the material bag swinging device comprises a belt conveyor, a guide plate, a bag pushing motor, a bag pushing baffle and a steering baffle; specifically, the extending direction of the belt conveyor is the same as the extending direction of the travelling mechanism, and the upper surface of the belt conveyor is used for conveying the material bag; the guide plate is arranged on one side of the belt conveyor; the bag pushing motor is arranged on the other side of the belt conveyor and corresponds to the guide plate; the bag pushing baffle is arranged on a support of the bag pushing motor and corresponds to the guide plate, the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the input end of the belt conveyor is larger than the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor, and the bag pushing motor is used for reducing the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor; the steering baffle is arranged on one side of the belt conveyor, which is provided with the guide plate; and one end of the steering baffle facing the guide plate is provided with a blocking block for blocking one corner of the material bag and enabling the material bag to rotate.
Furthermore, the belt conveyor is obliquely arranged, one end of the belt conveyor is connected with the material bag conveying device, and the other end of the belt conveyor is connected with the single-layer material bag grouping device.
Further, the single-layer material bag grouping device comprises a fixed mounting frame, a first transmission mechanism and a second transmission mechanism; specifically, the fixed mounting frame is provided with a connection area and a material buffer area, and the connection area is opposite to the material bag swinging device; the first transmission mechanism is arranged in the connection area in a lifting manner, and the transmission direction of the first transmission mechanism is the same as that of the material bag swinging device; when the first transmission mechanism is lifted, the input end of the first transmission mechanism is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device; the second transmission mechanism is arranged on the fixed mounting frame, the connection area and the first transmission mechanism are arranged at intervals, and the transmission direction of the second transmission mechanism is vertical to that of the first transmission mechanism; when the first transmission mechanism descends, the plane of the first transmission mechanism is lower than the plane of the second transmission mechanism.
Further, the first transmission mechanism comprises a comb-shaped belt mounting frame, a first belt rotating shaft, a plurality of second belt rotating shafts, a plurality of belts, a belt rotating shaft motor and a belt lifting device; specifically, the comb-shaped belt mounting frames are alternately arranged at intervals between the connection zone and the mounting seats; the first belt rotating shaft is arranged on the comb-shaped belt mounting frame close to the material bag swinging device; the plurality of second belt rotating shafts are arranged on the comb-shaped belt mounting rack close to the fixing parts, and the second belt rotating shafts and the mounting seats are alternately arranged at intervals; the plurality of belts are arranged around the first belt rotating shaft and the second belt rotating shaft, and the belts and the mounting seats are alternately arranged at intervals; the belt rotating shaft motor is used for driving the first belt rotating shaft or the second belt rotating shaft to rotate; the belt lifting device is connected with one side, close to the first belt rotating shaft, of the comb-shaped belt mounting frame and used for controlling the comb-shaped belt mounting frame to lift.
Further, the second transmission mechanism comprises a plurality of rollers and a roller motor; one end of each roller is rotatably arranged on the fixed part, and the other end of each roller is rotatably arranged on the mounting seat; the roller motor is arranged on the fixing part and used for driving the roller to rotate.
Further, loading pile up neatly device includes fork, fork telescopic machanism, fork elevating system and baffle mechanism. The fork is used for forking the material bags on the single-layer material bag team forming device; the fork telescopic mechanism is connected with the rear end of the fork and is used for driving the fork to stretch back and forth in a horizontal plane; the fork lifting mechanism is fixedly connected with the upper part of the fork telescopic mechanism and is used for driving the fork to move in the vertical direction; the baffle mechanism is movably arranged between the fork and the fork telescopic mechanism and used for pushing the material bag at the front end of the fork out.
Furthermore, the loading and stacking device further comprises a fork lifting mechanism, wherein the fork lifting mechanism comprises a rotating shaft and a fork angle control mechanism; the rotating shaft is arranged in the middle of the fork, and the fork telescopic mechanism is rotatably connected with the rotating shaft; one end of the fork angle control mechanism is mounted on the lower surface of the fork telescopic mechanism, and the other end of the fork angle control mechanism is mounted at the rear end of the fork.
Furthermore, the fork telescopic mechanism comprises a fork moving frame, a cross frame and a telescopic motor; the fork moving frame is in a square shape, one end of the fork moving frame is connected with the middle part of the fork, and the other end of the fork moving frame is connected with the rear end of the fork; the transverse frame is connected with the upper surface of the fork moving frame in a sliding manner; one end of the telescopic motor is connected with the fork moving frame, the other end of the telescopic motor is connected with the cross frame, and the telescopic motor drives the fork moving frame to move relative to the cross frame.
The utility model discloses a novel loading system has realized automatic loading, has replaced the mode of artifical loading, has broken the bottleneck in current loading field, realizes that the material successive layer carries out accurate pile up neatly to high automation, whole journey need not artifical the participation, and intelligence is high-efficient, has improved loading efficiency, has reduced the cost of labor, impels the horizontal development of automatic loading, has realized the loading under adverse circumstances, has avoided artifical loading to workman's health injury.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention, and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
Fig. 1 is an overall layout diagram of a loading system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is an overall side view of the loading system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a main body part of the loading system in the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of a part of the structure of the traveling mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a top view of a material bag pendulum device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the single-layer material bag formation device in the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the loading stacking device in one direction in the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the loading stacking device in another direction in the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the upper half of the loading stacking apparatus in the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the fork lift mechanism according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of the lower half of the loading and stacking apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of the baffle mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is to be understood that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the invention, and not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; may be mechanically connected, may be electrically connected or may be in communication with each other; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
In the drawings, the thickness of layers and regions are exaggerated for clarity. For example, the thicknesses and sizes of elements in the drawings are arbitrarily shown for convenience of description, and thus, the described technical scope is not limited by the drawings.
Furthermore, the terms "horizontal", "vertical", "overhang" and the like do not imply that the components are required to be absolutely horizontal or overhang, but may be slightly inclined. For example, "horizontal" merely means that the direction is more horizontal than "vertical" and does not mean that the structure must be perfectly horizontal, but may be slightly inclined.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a loading system 100, which includes a support frame 10, a traveling mechanism 20, a material bag conveying device 30, a material bag arranging device 40, a single-layer material bag team device 50, and a loading and stacking device 60.
The support frame 10, the traveling mechanism 20 and the loading and stacking device 60 form a loading and lifting system, and the loading and lifting system is used for moving materials in the vertical and horizontal directions. The material bag conveying device 30, the material bag swinging device 40, the single-layer material bag team forming device 50 and the loading and stacking device 60 form a loading and stacking system, and the loading and stacking system is used for stacking materials. Each part of the loading and stacking system can be independently used and can also be combined with other equipment for use. The loading system 100 realizes automatic loading, replaces a manual loading mode, breaks the bottleneck of the existing loading field, realizes accurate stacking of materials layer by layer, is highly automatic, does not need manual participation in the whole process, is intelligent and efficient, improves loading efficiency, reduces labor cost, promotes development of the automatic loading level, realizes loading in severe environment, and avoids harm of manual loading to bodies of workers.
Specifically, the support frame 10 is installed on the bottom surface in an inverted U shape, and a vehicle passage for parking the vehicle 101 to be loaded is defined under the inner part of the support frame, the vehicle 101 to be loaded is preferably a flat car, and the vehicle 101 to be loaded can pass along the vehicle passage; the travelling mechanism 20 is mounted to the middle of the inner side of the support frame 10 and is positioned above the vehicle 101 to be loaded; the material bag conveying device 30 is arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism 20 and is used for conveying material bags 102; when materials are supplied, the material bags 102 are conveyed on the material bag conveying device 30 and are arranged in a consistent manner; the material bag 102 is cuboid, and the length direction of the material bag is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the material bag conveying device 30; the input end of the material bag swinging device 40 is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag conveying device 30; the input end of the single-layer material bag grouping device 50 is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device 40, and is used for forming the material bags 102 into the single-layer material bags 102 in a preset stacking manner, and the material bags 102 form the single-layer material bags 102 on the single-layer material bag grouping device 50 in the preset stacking manner; the loading and stacking device 60 is movably mounted on the traveling mechanism 20 and can travel along the extending direction of the traveling mechanism 20, the single-layer material bag 102 is transferred to the vehicle 101 to be loaded through the loading and stacking device 60, and the single-layer material bag 102 is transferred to the vehicle 101 to be loaded.
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, in the present embodiment, the supporting frame 10 is a carrying mechanism of the loading system 100, and is preferably a steel structure or other supporting column with a certain height, or an assembly structure integrally formed by steel structures or other supporting columns.
The support frame 10 comprises at least two first upper cross beams 11, a plurality of second upper cross beams 12, a plurality of support legs 13 and an anti-collision dead stop 14. The at least two first upper cross beams 11 are arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism 20; the plurality of second upper cross beams 12 are vertically arranged and fixedly connected with the two first upper cross beams 11; the plurality of support legs 13 are fixedly connected with two ends of the second upper cross beam 12 and are positioned on the same side of the second upper cross beam 12; the anti-collision dead block 14 and the second upper cross beam 12 are fixedly connected above the travelling mechanism 20 and arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism 20, so that the material bag swinging device 40, the single-layer material bag grouping device 50 and the loading and stacking device 60 are prevented from colliding with the support frame 1.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 4, in the present embodiment, the traveling mechanism 20 includes at least two guide rails 21, at least two main frames 22, at least two sets of traveling wheels 23, a traveling motor 24, a plurality of traverse guide rails 25, a traverse frame 26 and a traverse motor 27. The traveling mechanism 20 can move left, right, front, and rear. Specifically, the at least two guide rails 21 are fixedly mounted to the inner middle portion of the support frame 10; the extending directions of the at least two main body frames 22 are parallel to the extending directions of the two guide rails 21 and are respectively arranged above the two guide rails 21; the at least two groups of road wheels 23 are installed between the guide rail 21 and the main body frame 22 and are respectively located at the end part of the main body frame 22, and are used for enabling the main body frame 22 to move along the guide rail 21, and each group of road wheels 23 comprises two road wheel boxes 231 and a connecting rod 232 for connecting; the walking motor 24 is mounted on one side of at least one group of walking wheels 23 and used for driving the walking wheels 23 to rotate, and preferably, the walking motor 24 is mounted on the connecting rod 232; the plurality of traverse rails 25 are perpendicular to the main body frame 22 and mounted on the upper surface of the main body frame 22; the traverse frame 26 is square and is arranged on the traverse guide rail 25; the loading and stacking device 60 is mounted on the traverse frame 26; the traverse motor 27 is installed at one side of at least one traverse guide 25, and is used for driving the traverse guide 25 to move telescopically.
Referring to fig. 5, in the present embodiment, the material bag swinging device 40 includes a belt conveyor 41, a guide plate 42, a bag pushing motor 43, a bag pushing baffle 44 and a turning baffle 45; specifically, the extension direction of the belt conveyor 41 is the same as the extension direction of the traveling mechanism 20, the upper surface of the belt conveyor is used for conveying the material bag 102, the material bag 102 is rectangular, and the length direction of the material bag 102 is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the belt conveyor 41 when entering the belt conveyor 41; the guide plate 42 is installed at one side of the belt conveyor 41; the bag pushing motor 43 is installed at the other side of the belt conveyor 41 and is arranged corresponding to the guide plate 42; the bag pushing baffle 44 is mounted on a support of the bag pushing motor 43 and is arranged corresponding to the guide plate 42, an opening of the guide plate 42 and the bag pushing baffle 44 on one side of the input end of the belt conveyor 41 is larger than an opening of the guide plate 42 and the bag pushing baffle 44 on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor 41, and the bag pushing motor 43 is used for reducing the openings of the guide plate 42 and the bag pushing baffle 44 on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor 41; the steering baffle 45 is arranged on one side of the belt conveyor 41, which is provided with the guide plate 42; the turning baffle 45 is provided with a blocking piece 451 at an end facing the guide plate 42, for blocking a corner of the material bag 102 and rotating the material bag 102.
When the material bag 102 needs to rotate, the bag pushing motor 43 pushes the bag pushing baffle 44 to reduce the opening of the bag pushing baffle 44 and the guide plate 42 at the output end side of the belt conveyor 41, the material bag 102 rotates along the inclined direction of the bag pushing baffle 44, that is, the material bag 102 rotates by a certain angle under the guiding action of the bag pushing baffle 44 and the guide plate 42, and when one corner of the material bag 102 touches the stop block of the turning baffle 45, the material bag 102 completes 90-degree rotation under the combined action of the belt conveyor 41 and the turning baffle 45.
Referring to fig. 4, in the present embodiment, the belt conveyor 41 is disposed in an inclined manner, and one end thereof is connected to the material bag conveying device 30, and the other end thereof is connected to the single-layer material bag grouping device 50. Preferably, the positions of the material bag conveying device 30 and the belt conveyor 41 are relatively fixed, the support of the material bag conveying device 30 is fixed with the traveling mechanism 20, and the material bag conveying device 30 can move back and forth along with the traveling mechanism 20.
In this embodiment, the inclination angle of the belt conveyor 41 to the horizontal plane is 5 degrees to 45 degrees, preferably 30 degrees. Therefore, the gravity action of the material bag 102 can be fully utilized, so that the material bag 102 can complete 90-degree rotation under the combined action of the belt conveyor 41 and the steering baffle 45.
Referring to fig. 4 and 6, in the present embodiment, the single-layer material bag grouping device 50 includes a fixed mounting frame 51, a first transmission mechanism 52 and a second transmission mechanism 53; specifically, the fixed mounting frame 51 is provided with a connection zone 501 and a material buffer zone 502, wherein the connection zone 501 is arranged opposite to the material bag swinging device 40; the first transmission mechanism 52 is arranged in the docking area 501 in a lifting manner, and the transmission direction of the first transmission mechanism is the same as that of the material bag swinging device 40; when the first transmission mechanism 52 is lifted, the input end of the first transmission mechanism is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device 40; the second transmission mechanism 53 is mounted on the fixed mounting frame 51, and is arranged at an interval between the docking area 501 and the first transmission mechanism 52, and the transmission direction of the second transmission mechanism 53 is perpendicular to the transmission direction of the first transmission mechanism 52; when the first transmission mechanism 52 descends, the plane of the first transmission mechanism 52 is lower than the plane of the second transmission mechanism 53.
Referring to fig. 6, in the present embodiment, the fixing frame 51 includes a comb-shaped base 511 and a connecting frame 512; the comb-shaped base 511 is provided with a fixing part 5111 far away from the material bag swinging device 40 and a plurality of mounting seats 5112 close to the material bag swinging device 40, and the mounting seats 5112 are arranged at intervals and are vertically connected to the fixing part 5111; one end of the connecting frame 512 is connected to the comb-shaped base 511, and the other end thereof is mounted on the lower surface of the traverse frame 26 of the traveling mechanism 20.
Referring to fig. 6, in the present embodiment, the first transmission mechanism 52 includes a comb-shaped belt mounting frame 521, a first belt rotating shaft 522, a plurality of second belt rotating shafts 523, a plurality of belts 524, a belt rotating shaft motor 525 and a belt lifting device 526; specifically, the comb-shaped belt mounting frames 521 are alternately arranged with the mounting seats 5112 at intervals in the docking area 501; the first belt rotating shaft 522 is arranged on the comb-shaped belt mounting rack 521 close to the material bag swinging device 40; the plurality of second belt rotating shafts 523 are mounted on the comb-shaped belt mounting frame 521 near the fixing portion 5111, and the second belt rotating shafts 523 and the mounting seats 5112 are alternately arranged at intervals; the belts 524 are arranged around the first belt rotating shaft 522 and the second belt rotating shaft 523, and the belts 524 and the mounting seats 5112 are alternately arranged at intervals; the belt rotating shaft motor 525 is used for driving the first belt rotating shaft 522 or the second belt rotating shaft 523 to rotate; the belt lifting device 526 is connected to one side of the comb-shaped belt installation rack 521, which is close to the first belt rotating shaft 522, and is used for controlling the lifting of the comb-shaped belt installation rack 521.
Referring to fig. 3, in the present embodiment, the belt lifting device 526 includes a belt lifting motor 5261, a rotating rod 5262 and a lifting rod 5263; the belt lifting motor 5261 is fixedly mounted above the comb-shaped belt mounting frame 521; the rotating rod 5262 is connected to a rotating shaft of the belt lifting motor 5261; one end of the lifting rod 5263 is rotatably connected to the rotating rod 5262, and the other end thereof is connected to one side of the comb-shaped belt mounting bracket 521, which is adjacent to the first belt rotating shaft 522.
In another embodiment, the belt lifting device 526 includes a belt lifting motor 5261, which is fixedly mounted on the fixed mounting frame 51 and is connected to the second belt rotating shaft 523 in a lifting manner.
Referring to fig. 6, in this embodiment, the second transmission mechanism 53 includes a plurality of rollers 531 and a roller motor 532; one end of the rollers 531 is rotatably mounted on the fixing portion 5111, and the other end thereof is rotatably mounted on the mounting seat 5112; the roller motor 532 is installed on the fixing portion 5111, and is used for driving the roller 531 to rotate.
The comb-shaped base 511 and the comb-shaped belt mounting rack 521 are arranged in a staggered manner, so that the material bags 102 are transferred onto the fixed mounting rack 51 through the first conveying mechanism 52, the conveying distance of the material bags 102 is controlled through the first conveying mechanism 52, and the material bags are conveyed in a direction perpendicular to the first conveying mechanism 52 through the second conveying mechanism 53, thereby completing the formation of single-layer material bags 102 of the material bags 102.
Referring to fig. 3 and 7-12, in the present embodiment, the truck-loading stacking apparatus 60 includes a fork 61, a fork extending mechanism 62, a fork lifting mechanism 63, and a baffle mechanism 64. The fork 61 is used for forking the material bags 102 on the single-layer material bag grouping device 50; the fork telescopic mechanism 62 is connected with the rear end of the fork 61 and is used for driving the fork 61 to be telescopic back and forth in a horizontal plane; the fork lifting mechanism 63 is fixedly connected with the upper part of the fork telescopic mechanism 62 and is used for driving the fork 61 to move in the vertical direction; the baffle mechanism 64 is movably disposed between the fork 61 and the fork extending mechanism 62, and is used for pushing out the material bag 102 at the front end of the fork 61.
Referring to fig. 10 and 11, in the present embodiment, the truck-loading stacking apparatus 60 further includes a fork lifting mechanism 65, where the fork lifting mechanism 65 includes a rotating shaft 651 and a fork angle control mechanism 652; the rotating shaft 651 is mounted in the middle of the fork 61, and the fork telescopic mechanism 62 is rotatably connected with the rotating shaft 651; the fork angle control mechanism 652 is preferably a cylinder having one end mounted to the lower surface of the fork retracting mechanism 62 and the other end mounted to the rear end of the fork 61.
In this embodiment, the fork extending and retracting mechanism 62 includes a fork moving frame 621, a cross frame 622, and an extending and retracting motor 623; the fork moving frame 621 is square-shaped, one end of the fork moving frame is connected with the middle part of the fork 61, and the other end of the fork moving frame is connected with the rear end of the fork 61; the cross frame 622 is slidably connected to the upper surface of the fork moving frame 621; one end of the telescopic motor 623 is connected with the fork moving frame 621, and the other end of the telescopic motor 623 is connected with the cross frame 622, and the telescopic motor 623 drives the fork moving frame 621 to move relative to the cross frame 622, so that the cross frame 622 can move back and forth along the fork moving frame 621.
Referring to fig. 3, 7-12, in the present embodiment, the fork extending and retracting mechanism 62 further includes: and a telescopic rack 624 installed at the bottom of the cross frame 622, wherein the fork moving frame 621 slides along the telescopic rack 624.
Referring to fig. 3 and 7-12, in the present embodiment, the fork lifting mechanism 63 includes a lifting fixing base 631, a lifting motor 632, a lifting frame 633 and a chain 634. The lifting fixing seat 631 is movably installed on the traveling mechanism 20; the lifting motor 632 is mounted on the lifting fixing seat 631; the lifting frame 633 is slidably mounted on the lifting fixing seat 631; one end of the chain 634 is disposed around the rotating shaft of the lifting motor 632, and the other end of the chain 634 is fixedly connected to the lifting frame 633.
In this embodiment, the fork lifting mechanism 63 further includes an auxiliary lifting motor 635, an auxiliary lifting frame 636 and a lifting rack 637; therefore, the fork lifting mechanism 63 comprises a two-section lifting frame consisting of the lifting frame 633 and the auxiliary lifting frame 636, and the lifting frame 633 and the auxiliary lifting frame 636 can be connected through the chain 634, so that the lifting size is increased, and the space is saved. The auxiliary lifting motor 635 is mounted on the lifting fixing seat 631; the auxiliary lifting motor 635 is provided with a driving gear; the auxiliary lifting frame 636 is slidably disposed inside the lifting fixing seat 631, and the lifting frame 633 is slidably disposed inside the auxiliary lifting frame 636; the lifting rack 637 is installed outside the auxiliary lifting frame 636, and is engaged with a driving gear of the auxiliary lifting motor 635.
Referring to fig. 8-12, in the present embodiment, the baffle mechanism 64 includes a baffle supporting rod 641 and a baffle 642; the baffle supporting rod 641 is telescopically connected with the fork telescopic mechanism 62; the baffle 642 is parallel to the baffle support rod 641, and the baffle 642 is connected with the baffle support rod 641 in a lifting manner. The baffle 642 of the baffle mechanism 64 can move back and forth and up and down. The bottom of the baffle 642 is provided with a gap into which a protrusion can be inserted into the fork 61, i.e. the bottom of the baffle 642 is adapted to the fork 61, so that the material bag 102 is prevented from being left on the fork 61.
Referring to fig. 8-12, in the present embodiment, the baffle mechanism 64 further includes a lifting fixing seat 643, a lifting guiding column 644 and a lifting cylinder 645; the lifting fixing seat 643 is installed on the baffle supporting rod 641; one end of the lifting guide post 644 is fixedly connected to the baffle 642 and passes through the lifting fixing seat 643 to be slidably connected; one end of the lifting cylinder 645 is fixedly connected to the baffle 642, and the other end thereof is fixedly connected to the lower surface of the fork lifting mechanism 63. The lifting fixing seat 643 is fixed with the baffle supporting rod 641, the lifting guide post 644 is fixed with the baffle 642, and the lifting cylinder 645 can push the baffle 642 to move up and down.
Referring to fig. 8-12, in the present embodiment, the baffle mechanism 64 further includes a push plate fixing seat 646, a push plate guide column 647, and a push cylinder 648; the push plate fixing seat 646 is mounted on the fork telescopic mechanism 62 or fixed below the fork lifting mechanism 63; one end of the push plate guide column 647 is fixedly connected to the baffle support rod 641 and slidably connected with the push plate fixing seat 646; one end of the pushing cylinder 648 is fixedly connected to the blocking plate 642, and the other end thereof is fixedly connected to the fork extending mechanism 62 facing the blocking plate 642. The push plate guide column 647 is fixed with the baffle support rod 641 and installed in the push plate fixing seat 646, and the push cylinder 648 can push the baffle support rod 641 to move back and forth.
The loading system of this embodiment, have full-automatic intelligent loading function, compare prior art and have following advantage: the full-automatic loading is realized, and the materials can be automatically stacked into the carriage layer by layer and stack by stack; the loading form is flexible, and the package arrangement form can be automatically changed according to requirements; is suitable for packaging bags and materials in any form; the device can work in a severe environment; the loading speed is high, and the loading efficiency can be improved; the material bags are closely arranged, so that the stacking and loading stability is improved.
The utility model discloses a novel loading system has realized automatic loading, has replaced the mode of artifical loading, has broken the bottleneck in current loading field, realizes that the material successive layer carries out accurate pile up neatly to high automation, whole journey need not artifical the participation, and intelligence is high-efficient, has improved loading efficiency, has reduced the cost of labor, impels the horizontal development of automatic loading, has realized the loading under adverse circumstances, has avoided artifical loading to workman's health injury.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, a plurality of improvements and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these improvements and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A loading system, comprising:
the support frame is arranged on the bottom surface in an inverted U shape, and a vehicle channel for parking a vehicle to be loaded is defined by the lower part of the inner part of the support frame;
the traveling mechanism is mounted to the middle of the inner side of the support frame and is positioned above the vehicle to be loaded;
the material bag conveying device is arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism, and the material bags are conveyed on the material bag conveying device;
the input end of the material bag swinging device is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag conveying device;
the input end of the single-layer material bag grouping device is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device, and the material bags form single-layer material bags on the single-layer material bag grouping device according to a preset stacking mode; and
and the loading and stacking device is movably arranged on the travelling mechanism, and the single-layer material bag is transferred to the vehicle to be loaded through the loading and stacking device.
2. The loading system of claim 1, wherein the support bracket comprises:
the at least two first upper cross beams are arranged in parallel with the travelling mechanism;
the second upper cross beams are vertically arranged and fixedly connected with the two first upper cross beams;
the support legs are fixedly connected with two ends of the second upper cross beam and are positioned on the same side of the second upper cross beam; and
and the anti-collision dead block is fixedly connected with the second upper cross beam, is arranged above the travelling mechanism and is parallel to the travelling mechanism.
3. The loading system of claim 1, wherein the travel mechanism comprises:
the at least two guide rails are fixedly arranged at the middle part of the inner side of the support frame;
the extending directions of the at least two main body frames are parallel to the extending directions of the two guide rails and are respectively arranged above the two guide rails;
at least two groups of travelling wheels, which are arranged between the guide rail and the main body frame, are respectively positioned at the end parts of the main body frame and are used for enabling the main body frame to move along the guide rail;
the walking motor is arranged on one side of at least one group of walking wheels and used for driving the walking wheels to rotate;
a plurality of traverse rails perpendicular to the main body frame and installed on an upper surface of the main body frame;
the transverse moving frame is in a square shape and is arranged on the transverse moving guide rail; the loading and stacking device is arranged on the transverse moving frame; and
and the transverse moving motor is arranged on one side of at least one transverse moving guide rail and is used for driving the transverse moving guide rail to move in a telescopic manner.
4. The loading system of claim 1, wherein said material bag pendulum device comprises:
the extending direction of the belt conveyor is the same as that of the travelling mechanism, and the upper surface of the belt conveyor is used for conveying the material bag;
the guide plate is arranged on one side of the belt conveyor;
the bag pushing motor is arranged on the other side of the belt conveyor and corresponds to the guide plate;
the bag pushing baffle is arranged on a support of the bag pushing motor and corresponds to the guide plate, the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the input end of the belt conveyor is larger than the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor, and the bag pushing motor is used for reducing the opening of the guide plate and the bag pushing baffle on one side of the output end of the belt conveyor; and
the steering baffle is arranged on one side of the belt conveyor, which is provided with the guide plate; and one end of the steering baffle facing the guide plate is provided with a blocking block for blocking one corner of the material bag and enabling the material bag to rotate.
5. The loading system of claim 1, wherein the single-layer material bag grouping device comprises:
the fixed mounting frame is provided with a connection area and a material cache area, and the connection area is opposite to the material bag swinging device; the fixed mounting frame is comb-shaped and is provided with a fixed part far away from the material bag swinging device and a plurality of mounting seats close to the material bag swinging device, and the mounting seats are arranged at intervals and are vertically connected to the fixed part;
the first transmission mechanism is arranged in the connection area in a lifting mode, and the transmission direction of the first transmission mechanism is the same as that of the material bag swinging device; when the first transmission mechanism is lifted, the input end of the first transmission mechanism is horizontally connected with the output end of the material bag swinging device; and
the second transmission mechanism is arranged on the fixed mounting frame, the connection area and the first transmission mechanism are arranged at intervals, and the transmission direction of the second transmission mechanism is perpendicular to that of the first transmission mechanism; when the first transmission mechanism descends, the plane of the first transmission mechanism is lower than the plane of the second transmission mechanism.
6. The loading system of claim 5, wherein the first transfer mechanism comprises:
the comb-shaped belt mounting frames are alternately arranged with the mounting seats at intervals in the connection area;
the first belt rotating shaft is arranged on the comb-shaped belt mounting frame close to the material bag swinging device;
the second belt rotating shafts are arranged on the comb-shaped belt mounting frame close to the fixing parts and are alternately arranged with the mounting seats at intervals;
the plurality of belts are arranged around the first belt rotating shaft and the second belt rotating shaft, and the belts and the mounting seats are alternately arranged at intervals;
the belt rotating shaft motor is used for driving the first belt rotating shaft or the second belt rotating shaft to rotate; and
and the belt lifting device is connected with one side of the first belt rotating shaft close to the comb-shaped belt mounting frame and used for controlling the comb-shaped belt mounting frame to lift.
7. The loading system of claim 5, wherein the second transfer mechanism comprises:
a plurality of rollers, one end of which is rotatably mounted on the fixing part and the other end of which is rotatably mounted on the mounting seat; and
and the roller motor is arranged on the fixed part and used for driving the roller to rotate.
8. The loading system of claim 1, wherein the loading pallet assembly comprises:
the pallet fork is used for forking the material bags on the single-layer material bag team forming device;
the fork telescopic mechanism is connected with the rear end of the fork and used for driving the fork to stretch back and forth in a horizontal plane;
the fork lifting mechanism is fixedly connected with the upper part of the fork telescopic mechanism and is used for driving the fork to move in the vertical direction; and
and the baffle mechanism is movably arranged between the fork and the fork telescopic mechanism and used for pushing the material bag at the front end of the fork out.
9. The truck loading system of claim 8, wherein the truck loading pallet assembly further comprises a fork lift mechanism, the fork lift mechanism comprising:
the rotating shaft is arranged in the middle of the fork, and the fork telescopic mechanism is rotatably connected with the rotating shaft; and
and one end of the fork angle control mechanism is arranged on the lower surface of the fork telescopic mechanism, and the other end of the fork angle control mechanism is arranged at the rear end of the fork.
10. The loading system of claim 8, wherein the fork retraction mechanism comprises:
the fork moving frame is in a square shape, one end of the fork moving frame is connected with the middle part of the fork, and the other end of the fork moving frame is connected with the rear end of the fork;
the transverse frame is connected with the upper surface of the fork moving frame in a sliding mode; and
and one end of the telescopic motor is connected with the fork moving frame, the other end of the telescopic motor is connected with the cross frame, and the telescopic motor drives the fork moving frame to move relative to the cross frame.
CN202020165966.1U 2020-02-13 2020-02-13 Loading system Active CN211643939U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111017585A (en) * 2020-02-13 2020-04-17 青岛新松机器人自动化有限公司 Loading system
CN111196502A (en) * 2018-11-20 2020-05-26 中建材创新科技研究院有限公司 Stacking method of automatic stacker crane

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111196502A (en) * 2018-11-20 2020-05-26 中建材创新科技研究院有限公司 Stacking method of automatic stacker crane
CN111196502B (en) * 2018-11-20 2021-09-28 中建材创新科技研究院有限公司 Stacking method of automatic stacker crane
CN111017585A (en) * 2020-02-13 2020-04-17 青岛新松机器人自动化有限公司 Loading system

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