CN110683269A - Warehousing system - Google Patents

Warehousing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110683269A
CN110683269A CN201911090345.XA CN201911090345A CN110683269A CN 110683269 A CN110683269 A CN 110683269A CN 201911090345 A CN201911090345 A CN 201911090345A CN 110683269 A CN110683269 A CN 110683269A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveying
supporting
goods
unstacking
conveyor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911090345.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈斌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HUNAN JINNENG AUTOMATIC EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HUNAN JINNENG AUTOMATIC EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HUNAN JINNENG AUTOMATIC EQUIPMENT CO Ltd filed Critical HUNAN JINNENG AUTOMATIC EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Priority to CN201911090345.XA priority Critical patent/CN110683269A/en
Publication of CN110683269A publication Critical patent/CN110683269A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/0492Storage devices mechanical with cars adapted to travel in storage aisles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/0407Storage devices mechanical using stacker cranes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G41/00Supporting frames or bases for conveyors as a whole, e.g. transportable conveyor frames
    • B65G41/001Supporting frames or bases for conveyors as a whole, e.g. transportable conveyor frames with the conveyor adjustably mounted on the supporting frame or base
    • B65G41/003Supporting frames or bases for conveyors as a whole, e.g. transportable conveyor frames with the conveyor adjustably mounted on the supporting frame or base mounted for linear movement only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/52Devices for transferring articles or materials between conveyors i.e. discharging or feeding devices
    • B65G47/64Switching conveyors
    • B65G47/641Switching conveyors by a linear displacement of the switching conveyor
    • B65G47/643Switching conveyors by a linear displacement of the switching conveyor in a vertical plane

Abstract

The invention discloses a warehouse system, which comprises a warehouse, an automatic unstacking and stacking machine for unstacking and stacking trays, an automatic unstacking and loading and unloading vehicle system for unstacking and stacking goods in a carriage of a transport vehicle on the trays, unstacking and conveying the goods stacked on the trays into the carriage of the transport vehicle, a carrying AGV and a tray conveying device for connecting the automatic unstacking and loading and unloading vehicle system and the automatic unstacking and stacking machine and conveying the trays between the automatic unstacking and loading and unloading vehicle system and the automatic unstacking and stacking machine. The warehousing system can realize automatic work of unloading and loading materials stacked on the tray, is high in efficiency, can reduce labor cost and improves safety.

Description

Warehousing system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of logistics storage equipment, in particular to a storage system.
Background
With the continuous acceleration of industrial process and the continuous enlargement of logistics scale in China, the state is building a modern logistics system, and a storage system is also well developed as an important link of modern logistics industry. In the future, the logistics storage system will be further developed towards the direction of integration, and the flexibility and industrialization of the system will be more and more obvious. Although the existing intelligent warehousing systems on the market have more and various characteristics in technology, the intelligent warehousing systems are not suitable for the special explosion-proof requirements of the civil explosion industry. In the civil explosive industry, the existing warehousing system is completely an original traditional mode, adopts manual carrying and manual account book information management modes, and has the problems of low efficiency, high labor cost, low safety and the like.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of overcoming the defects in the prior art and provides a warehousing system which can realize the automatic work of unloading and loading materials stacked on a tray, has high efficiency, can reduce the labor cost and improves the safety.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a storage system comprising a warehouse for storing goods and empty pallets stacked in stacks;
the automatic unstacking and stacking machine is used for unstacking and stacking the trays;
the automatic unstacking and stacking loading and unloading vehicle system is used for unloading and stacking goods in a carriage of the transport vehicle on the tray, unstacking the goods stacked on the tray and conveying the goods into the carriage of the transport vehicle;
the automatic unstacking and stacking system comprises a carrying AGV, a stacking machine and a storage, wherein the carrying AGV is used for carrying empty pallets stacked in a stack between the automatic unstacking and stacking machine and the storage and carrying pallets stacked with goods between the automatic unstacking and stacking loading and unloading vehicle system and the storage;
and the tray conveying device is connected with the automatic unstacking and loading and unloading truck system and the automatic unstacking and stacking machine and conveys trays between the automatic unstacking and loading and unloading truck system and the automatic unstacking and stacking machine.
As a further improvement of the above technical solution:
the automatic unstacking and stacking machine comprises a rack, a supporting device and a conveying device, wherein the supporting device is installed on the rack and used for supporting materials, the conveying device is installed on the rack and used for conveying the materials to the position below the supporting device, and a material transfer device used for conveying the materials between the conveying device and the supporting device is arranged below the supporting device.
The material transfer device comprises a material bearing platform and a lifting driving assembly, wherein the driving end of the lifting driving assembly is connected with the material bearing platform and can drive the material bearing platform to move up and down within a height range between the lower part of the conveying surface of the conveying device and the upper part of the material supporting height of the supporting device.
The conveying device comprises two annular conveying chains driven by the chain driving assembly to operate, the two annular conveying chains are arranged in parallel at intervals, each annular conveying chain is provided with a straight conveying section used for bearing materials and driving the materials to move, and the material transfer device is located between the two annular conveying chains.
The supporting device comprises a material space which is arranged on the rack and enables materials to move up and down and two groups of supporting units which are arranged on the rack, the two groups of supporting units are respectively arranged at two sides of the material space, and each supporting unit comprises more than one supporting piece and a driving component which is used for driving the supporting piece to extend into and withdraw from the material space.
The automatic pile up neatly loading and unloading car system of tearing open includes fixed frame and transport vechicle, install the stack platform that can remove and stretch out and retract the carriage in the carriage of transport vechicle, install goods on the fixed frame and carry buffer memory device, be used for unstacking and pile up neatly the robot of goods and be used for ordering about the removal drive arrangement that the stack platform removed, still install goods loading device on the fixed frame, goods loading device is including adopting portable mode to install loading conveyer and the drive in order to stretch into and withdraw from the carriage on the fixed frame the removal drive assembly that the loading conveyer removed.
The goods conveying caching device comprises two material positioning platforms and two conveying lines, the output ends of the two conveying lines are connected with the two material positioning platforms through a jacking conveyor, the jacking conveyor comprises a chain plate conveyor and two material conveying devices which are arranged on the fixed frame, the two material conveying devices are arranged at intervals in the conveying direction of the chain plate conveyor, the chain plate conveyor is arranged on the fixed frame in a way of adjusting the height through the lifting device, and the height of the chain plate conveyor can be adjusted to ensure that the conveying surface of the chain plate conveyor is changed between two states which are higher than the conveying surfaces of the two material conveying devices and lower than the conveying surfaces of the two material conveying devices, one ends of the two material conveying devices are respectively connected with the two conveying lines in a corresponding mode, and the other ends of the two material conveying devices are respectively connected with the two material positioning platforms in a corresponding mode.
The chain plate conveyor comprises a lifting frame, a plurality of plate chain conveying belts and a chain plate rotary driving piece, wherein the plate chain conveying belts are arranged on the lifting frame, the chain plate rotary driving piece is arranged on the lifting frame and used for driving the plate chain conveying belts, and the lifting frame is connected with the jacking rods; the material conveying device comprises a conveying rotary driving part and a plurality of rollers which are rotatably installed on a fixed rack, the rollers are installed in gaps among a plurality of plate chain conveying belts, and the conveying rotary driving part is connected with the rollers through a transmission mechanism and drives the rollers to rotate.
The tray conveying device is the chain scraper conveyor.
The warehousing system also comprises a computer management center.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
the storage system can realize automatic work of unloading, loading and warehousing of materials stacked on the tray, and achieves the purposes of improving efficiency, reducing labor cost and improving safety.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic top view of a warehousing system.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of an automatic unstacker.
Fig. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the holding device.
Fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the conveying device.
Fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the lifting driving assembly.
Fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the load-bearing platform.
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of the auto-unstacking truck system.
FIG. 8 is a schematic top view of the auto-unstacking truck system.
Fig. 9 is a schematic front view of the automatic unstacking loading and unloading truck system.
Fig. 10 is a schematic perspective view of the jacking conveyor.
Fig. 11 is a schematic top view of the jacking conveyor.
Fig. 12 is a front view schematic structure diagram of the jacking conveyor in a descending state of the chain scraper conveyor.
Fig. 13 is a front view of the jacking conveyor in a raised position of the slat conveyor.
Illustration of the drawings:
1. a warehouse; 2. an automatic unstacker; 21. a holding device; 210. a material space; 211. a holder; 212. swinging the rotating shaft; 213. supporting the telescopic driving member; 214. swinging arms; 22. a conveying device; 221. an endless conveyor chain; 2211. a straight conveying section; 222. a material blocking part; 223. a stopping telescopic driving member; 23. a material transfer device; 231. a load-bearing platform; 2311. a chute; 2312. a guide roller; 232. a rotating shaft; 233. a rocker arm; 234. a support roller; 20. a frame; 201. a guide rail; 3. an automatic pallet truck disassembly system; 31. fixing the frame; 32. a cargo conveying buffer device; 320. a material positioning platform; 3201. a support roller; 3202. blocking the positioning piece; 321. a conveying line; 322. a chain scraper conveyor; 3221. a lifting frame; 3222. a plate chain conveyor belt; 3223. a chain plate rotating driving piece; 323. a lifting rotary driving member; 324. a rotating shaft; 325. a jacking rod; 3251. installing a box body; 326. an intermediate shaft; 327. a coupling; 328. a material conveying device; 3281. a drum; 33. a robot; 34. a loading conveyor; 100. a transport vehicle; 101. a carriage; 102. a stacking platform; 200. a movement driving device; 4. carrying the AGV; 5. a tray transfer device; 6. and a computer management center.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the figures and specific examples.
As shown in fig. 1, the warehousing system of the embodiment includes a warehouse 1, the warehouse 1 is used for storing goods and empty pallets piled in stacks;
the automatic unstacker 2 is used for unstacking and stacking the trays by the automatic unstacker 2;
the automatic unstacking and stacking loading and unloading vehicle system 3 is used for unloading and stacking the goods in the carriage 101 of the transport vehicle 100 on the pallet and unstacking the goods stacked on the pallet and conveying the goods into the carriage 101 of the transport vehicle 100;
a handling AGV4, a handling AGV4 for handling empty pallets stacked in stacks between the automatic unstacker 2 and the warehouse 1 and for handling pallets stacked with goods between the automatic unstacker system 3 and the warehouse 1;
and the tray conveying device 5 is connected with the automatic unstacking and loading and unloading truck system 3 and the automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2, and conveys trays between the automatic unstacking and loading and unloading truck system 3 and the automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2.
When goods are delivered from a warehouse and loaded, the warehousing system utilizes a transporting AGV4 to transport trays with the goods stacked from the warehouse 1 to an automatic unstacking and loading truck system 3, the goods stacked on the trays are stacked and loaded into a carriage 101 of a transport truck 100 through the automatic unstacking and loading truck system 3, empty trays with the goods unloaded are conveyed to an automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2 through a tray conveying device 5, and the empty trays are stacked into stacks by the automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2 and then transported to the warehouse 1 for storage through a transporting AGV 4; when goods are unloaded and put in storage, empty pallets stacked in stacks are conveyed to the automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2 by the conveying AGV4, the empty pallets stacked in stacks are unstacked by the automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2 and then conveyed to the automatic unstacking and stacking and loading and unloading vehicle system 3 one by one through the pallet conveying device 5, the goods in the carriage 101 are unloaded and stacked on the empty pallets by the automatic unstacking and loading and unloading vehicle system 3, and the pallets stacked with the goods are conveyed to the warehouse 1 by the conveying AGV 4. The warehouse system can realize automatic work of unloading and loading materials stacked on the tray, and achieves the purposes of improving efficiency, reducing labor cost and improving safety.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 2 to 4, the automatic unstacker 2 includes a frame 20, a holding device 21 mounted on the frame 20 for holding a material (tray), and a conveying device 22 mounted on the frame 20 for conveying the material to a position below the holding device 21, and a material transfer device 23 for conveying the material between the conveying device 22 and the holding device 21 is provided below the holding device 21. The automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2 adopts the combination of the supporting device 21, the conveying device 22 and the material transfer device 23, when in stacking, materials can be conveyed to the lower part of the supporting device 21 through the conveying device 22, then the materials on the conveying device 22 are transferred and conveyed to the supporting device 21 through the material transfer device 23 to complete stacking, when in unstacking, the materials stacked by the supporting device 21 are transferred and conveyed to the conveying device 22 through the material transfer device 23, and then the materials are output through the conveying device 22. The stacking and unstacking integrated machine integrates the supporting device 21, the conveying device 22 and the material transfer device 23 on the same machine frame 20, can perform stacking and unstacking, and has the advantages of high integration level, simple and compact structure, small occupied space, low cost and high unstacking efficiency.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 2, 5 and 6, the material transfer device 23 includes a material bearing platform 231 and a lifting driving assembly, and a driving end of the lifting driving assembly is connected to the material bearing platform 231 and can drive the material bearing platform 231 to move up and down within a height range between a position below a conveying surface of the conveying device 22 and a position above a material supporting position of the supporting device 21. This material transfer device 23 adopts the mode of lift drive assembly drive material load-bearing platform 231 elevating movement to shift the transported substance material, can with hold in the palm holding device 21 cooperation pile up neatly the material one by one and pull down the good material of pile up neatly one by one. During stacking, the material carrying platform 231 moves upwards to lift the previous material on the conveying device 22 to a height capable of being supported by the supporting device 21, then the supporting device 21 acts to support the material, then the material carrying platform 231 descends, then the next material on the conveying device 22 is lifted to enable the next material to be supported at the bottom of the previous material and lift the previous material to be separated from the supporting device 21, then the supporting device 21 is switched to a state of not supporting the material until the material carrying platform 231 lifts the next material to a height capable of being supported by the supporting device 21, and the supporting device 21 acts to support the next material, so that the supporting device 21 supports the next material and the next material supports the previous material, and stacking of the materials is completed. The plurality of materials can be stacked in sequence by repeating the above processes, so that the plurality of materials are stacked in sequence from top to bottom, and the material at the lowest part is supported by the supporting device 21. When unstacking is carried out, the material bearing platform 231 moves upwards to support the lowest material and lift the whole stack of materials, the lowest material is separated from the supporting device 21, then the supporting device 21 is switched to a state of not supporting the materials, the penultimate material below falls to a height capable of being supported by the supporting device 21 when the material bearing platform 231 moves downwards again, the supporting device 21 is switched to a state of supporting the materials to support the penultimate material below, the material bearing platform 231 drives the lowest material to move downwards to the conveying device 22, the work of unstacking of the lowest material is completed, and the plurality of stacked materials can be sequentially dismounted by repeating the processes. The material transfer device 23 has the advantages of simple structure, easy manufacture, assembly and maintenance, low cost and stable and reliable work. The stacking and unstacking device matched with the supporting device 21 has the advantages of simple flow, easy control and high efficiency.
In this embodiment, the lifting driving assembly includes two rotation shafts 232 and a rotation driving mechanism for driving the two rotation shafts 232 to rotate synchronously, the two rotation shafts 232 are rotatably installed on the frame 20 and arranged in parallel with each other in a horizontal plane, two ends of each rotation shaft 232 are respectively provided with a rocker arm 233, all the rocker arms 233 are arranged in parallel with each other, each rocker arm 233 is provided with a supporting roller 234, the bearing platform 231 is provided with two sliding grooves 2311, the supporting rollers 234 on the rocker arms 233 at one end of each rotation shaft 232 are placed in one of the sliding grooves 2311, and the supporting rollers 234 on the rocker arms 233 at the other end of each rotation shaft 232 are placed in the other sliding groove. That is, the frame 20, the swing arms 233 of the two rotating shafts 232, and the supporting platform 231 are connected and matched to form a parallelogram mechanism, when the rotating shafts 232 rotate, the swing arms 233 rotate along with the rotating shafts 232, so that the heights of the supporting rollers 234 change correspondingly, and the supporting platform 231 is forced to move up and down correspondingly. The lifting driving assembly is simple and compact in structure and high in working stability.
The rotary drive mechanism includes a drive shaft driven for rotation by a motor, and each of the rotary shafts 232 is connected to the drive shaft by a chain drive mechanism.
In this embodiment, the guide rail 201 is arranged on the frame 20, the material bearing platform 231 is provided with the guide roller 2312 which moves along the guide rail 201 to guide the lifting motion of the material bearing platform 231, and the stability of the lifting motion of the guide rail 201 can be improved through the guide effect of the guide roller 2312 matched with the guide rail 201.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 2 and 4, the conveying device 22 includes two endless conveying chains 221 driven by the chain driving assembly to operate, the two endless conveying chains 221 are arranged in parallel and at intervals, each endless conveying chain 221 is provided with a straight conveying section 2211 for carrying materials and carrying the materials, and the material transferring device 23 is located between the two endless conveying chains 221. When materials are conveyed, the materials are placed on the straight conveying sections 2211 of the two annular conveying chains 221 and move along with the movement of the straight conveying sections 2211. The material transfer device 23 is positioned between the two annular conveying chains 221, so that the whole automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2 is simple in structure and good in compactness, the material transfer device 23 is convenient to receive materials, and the stability in the material transfer process is ensured. The chain drive assembly is prior art and includes a motor and a sprocket on which an endless conveyor chain 221 is mounted in a wrap-around arrangement. In the present embodiment, the first and second electrodes are,
in this embodiment, conveyor 22 still includes and blocks the fender subassembly of material to being located and holding the preset position under device 21 when the material moves to being located and holding the preset position under device 21, and when the material moved to being located and holding the preset position under device 21, the fender subassembly blockked and prevents the material and continue to carry, played the effect of carrying out the location to the material, can improve the accurate reliability of material transfer transport work.
In this embodiment, the material blocking assembly includes more than one material blocking member 222 and a material blocking telescopic driving member 223 for driving the material blocking member 222 to move up and down in the height range between the upper side and the lower side of the straight conveying section 2211. When the material blocking telescopic driving member 223 drives the material blocking member 222 to ascend to a position above the straight conveying section 2211, the material blocking member 222 can block materials, and when the material blocking telescopic driving member 223 drives the material blocking member 222 to descend to a position below the straight conveying section 2211, the material blocking member 222 does not block materials. The material blocking assembly can be flexibly assembled and replaced, different working requirements are met, and the material blocking assembly has the advantages of being simple in structure, low in cost and easy to manufacture, assemble and maintain. In this embodiment, the stopping telescopic driving member 223 is a telescopic cylinder, a telescopic cylinder or an electric push rod.
In this embodiment, the supporting device 21 includes a material space 210 disposed on the frame 20 for allowing the material to move up and down and two supporting units mounted on the frame 20, the two supporting units are respectively disposed on two sides of the material space 210, and each supporting unit includes one or more supporting members 211 and a driving assembly for driving the supporting member 211 to extend into and withdraw from the material space 210. When the supporting pieces 211 of the two groups of supporting units extend into the material space 210, the supporting pieces 211 of the two groups of supporting units respectively support the materials from two sides of the bottom surface of the materials, the supporting stability is good, and the materials can freely move up and down in the material space 210 when the supporting pieces 211 exit the material space 210. The holding device 21 has a simple structure, low cost and easy implementation. Preferably, the two sides of the material space 210 are provided with guide rods for guiding the upper and lower staff of the material, so that the neatness of material stacking can be improved.
In this embodiment, the driving assembly includes a swing rotating shaft 212 rotatably installed on the frame 20, two supporting members 211 are installed on the swing rotating shaft 212, the two supporting members 211 are sequentially arranged at intervals along the axial direction of the swing rotating shaft 212, the driving assembly further includes a driving mechanism for driving the swing rotating shaft 212 to rotate, and the swing rotating shaft 212 drives the supporting members 211 to extend into and withdraw from the material space 210 in a swing motion manner when rotating. The driving assembly has the advantages of simple and compact structure, low cost and good bearing capacity.
In this embodiment, the driving mechanism includes a supporting telescopic driving member 213 hinged to the frame 20 and a swing arm 214 fixed to the swing shaft 212, and a driving end of the supporting telescopic driving member 213 is hinged to the swing arm 214. The force of the holding member 211 when holding the material is the torsion force which makes the swing rotating shaft 212 rotate, and the torsion force is directly fed back to the holding telescopic driving member 213 through the swing arm 214, and the holding telescopic driving member 213 can provide a larger force for preventing the swing rotating shaft 212 from rotating, so that the holding member 211 can hold heavier materials. Moreover, the adoption of the supporting telescopic driving piece 213 facilitates the rapid and accurate switching of the state of the supporting piece 211, and the control difficulty is low.
The motors in the embodiment are designed by adopting explosion-proof motors, so that the explosion-proof requirement of the civil explosion industry is met. The middle position of the two sides of the tray is provided with a groove for the holding piece 211 to insert.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 7 to 9, the automatic pallet truck removing system 3 includes a fixed frame 31 and a transport vehicle 100, a stacking platform 102 capable of movably extending out of and retracting into the carriage 101 is installed in the carriage 101 of the transport vehicle 100, a goods conveying buffer device 32, a robot 33 for unstacking and stacking goods and a moving driving device 200 for driving the stacking platform 102 to move are installed on the fixed frame 31, the robot 33 is a conventional art, a goods loading device is also installed on the fixed frame 31, and the goods loading device includes a loading conveyor 34 movably installed on the fixed frame 31 to be capable of extending into and retracting out of the carriage 101 and a moving driving component for driving the loading conveyor 34 to move. When the automatic unstacking, loading and unloading truck system 3 unloads cargos, the moving driving device 200 drives the stacking platform 102 to move and extend out of the carriage 101, the robot 33 is used for unstacking cargos stacked on the stacking platform 102, the cargos are stacked on a tray of the material positioning platform 320 of the cargo conveying and caching device 32 and are conveyed to a designated position by the cargo conveying and caching device 32; when unloading is assisted manually, the loading conveyor 34 is driven to extend into the carriage 101 through the moving driving assembly, goods are manually conveyed to the loading conveyor 34 and conveyed out of the carriage 101 through the loading conveyor 34, the goods on the loading conveyor 34 are stacked on a tray of the material positioning platform 320 of the goods conveying caching device 32 through the robot 33, and the goods are conveyed to a designated position through the goods conveying caching device 32. When the automatic loading is carried out, the mobile driving device 200 drives the stacking platform 102 to move and extend out of the carriage 101, the robot 33 is used for unstacking the goods stacked on the tray of the material positioning platform 320 of the goods conveying and caching device 32 and stacking the goods on the stacking platform 102, and after the stacking is finished, the mobile driving device 200 drives the stacking platform 102 to move and return into the carriage 101; during manual auxiliary loading, the loading conveyor 34 is driven to extend into the carriage 101 by moving the driving assembly, the pallets stacked with goods are conveyed to the position of the material positioning platform 320 beside the robot 33 by the goods conveying and caching device 32, the goods stacked on the pallets are unstacked and transferred to the loading conveyor 34 by the robot 33, the goods are conveyed into the carriage 101 through the loading conveyor 34, and then the goods are manually stacked on the carriage 101. This automatic pile up neatly loading and unloading car system 3 both can carry out the automatic pile up neatly loading and unloading car of breaking apart, also can carry out the artifical supplementary loading and unloading car of automatic pile up neatly, its function is complete, the integrated level is high, when carrying out cargo handling, robot 33 need not pass in and out carriage 101 repeatedly, make the carriage 101 inner space obtain make full use of, can avoid causing carriage 101 slope and rock the swing, can improve the position precision of pile up neatly goods greatly, improve the regularity and the compactedness of goods, avoid the goods to bump and empty in the transportation, improve freight's security greatly. The automatic pallet truck dismantling system 3 has the advantages of high working efficiency, low control difficulty and good compatibility.
In this embodiment, the loading conveyor 34 is a belt conveyor slidably mounted on the fixed frame 31, and the belt conveyor is a belt conveyor in the prior art. The moving driving assembly comprises a first moving trolley and a first driving mechanism, wherein the first moving trolley travels along a linear guide rail arranged on the fixed rack 31, and the first driving mechanism drives the first moving trolley to move. The first driving mechanism is a chain driving mechanism, the chain driving mechanism comprises a chain which is arranged on the fixed rack 31 and driven by a chain wheel mechanism to operate, the chain is provided with a straight driving section, the first movable trolley is connected with the driving section, and the first movable trolley is driven by the driving section to move when the chain operates. The first driving mechanism may also be a rack and pinion driving mechanism, the rack is mounted on the fixed frame 31, the pinion is mounted on the first moving carriage and meshed with the rack, and the motor is used to drive the gear to rotate, so as to force the first moving carriage to move. The first driving mechanism can also adopt other existing structural combinations capable of driving the first moving trolley to reciprocate.
In this embodiment, the moving driving device 200 includes a second moving cart traveling along a linear guide rail disposed on the fixed frame 31 and a second driving mechanism for driving the second moving cart to move, and a detachable connection mechanism is disposed between the second moving cart and the stacking platform 102. The second driving mechanism is a chain driving mechanism, the chain driving mechanism comprises a chain which is arranged on the fixed rack 31 and driven by a chain wheel mechanism to operate, the chain is provided with a straight driving section, the second movable trolley is connected with the driving section, and the second movable trolley is driven by the driving section to move when the chain operates. The second driving mechanism may also be a rack and pinion driving mechanism, the rack is installed on the fixed frame 31, the pinion is installed on the second moving trolley and meshed with the rack, and the motor is adopted to drive the gear to rotate, so as to force the second moving trolley to move. The second driving mechanism can also adopt other existing structural combinations capable of driving the second movable trolley to reciprocate.
In this embodiment, the cargo conveying buffer device 32 includes two material positioning platforms 320 and two conveying lines 321, and the two material positioning platforms 320 and the two conveying lines 321 are convenient for conveying cargoes of different sizes and models. The output ends of the two conveying lines 321 are connected with the two material positioning platforms 320 through a jacking conveyor, as shown in fig. 10 and 11, the lift-up conveyor includes a chain conveyor 322 mounted on the fixed frame 31, and two material conveying devices 328, the two material conveying devices 328 are disposed at intervals in the conveying direction of the chain conveyor 322, the chain conveyor 322 is mounted on the fixed frame 31 in a height-adjustable manner by a lifting device, and the height of the chain plate conveyor 322 can be adjusted to enable the conveying surface of the chain plate conveyor 322 to be changed between two states which are higher than the conveying surface of the two material conveying devices 328 and lower than the conveying surface of the two material conveying devices 328, one ends of the two material conveying devices 328 are respectively and correspondingly connected with the output ends of the two conveying lines 321, the other ends of the two material conveying devices 328 are respectively and correspondingly connected with the two material positioning platforms 320, and cargos can be transferred between each material conveying device 328 and the corresponding conveying line 321 and material positioning platform 320. The jacking conveyor can transfer goods between the two material positioning platforms 320 and the two conveying lines 321, and the goods on the material positioning platforms 320 and the conveying lines 321 can be moved to the corresponding material conveying devices 328 when the conveying surface of the chain conveyor 322 is lower than the conveying surfaces of the two material conveying devices 328. When the conveying surface of the chain plate conveyor 322 is higher than the conveying surfaces of the two material conveying devices 328, the goods on one material conveying device 328 can be lifted to be conveyed to the other material conveying device 328, when the goods are conveyed to the upper part of the target material conveying device 328, the conveying surface of the chain plate conveyor 322 is lower than the conveying surfaces of the two material conveying devices 328, the goods can be placed on the target material conveying device 328, and then the goods are conveyed to the corresponding material positioning platform 320 or the conveying line 321 through the target material conveying device 328. The goods conveying caching device 32 is good in use flexibility and suitable for continuous loading and unloading work of goods, pallets for stacking goods can be conveyed to the material positioning platform 320 through one conveying line 321, stacking and loading are carried out through the robot 33, and empty pallets are transferred to the other conveying line 321 through the jacking conveyor and output; the empty pallet can be conveyed to the material positioning platform 320 through a conveying line 321, the unloaded materials are stacked on the empty pallet by the robot 33, and the pallet for stacking the materials is transferred to another conveying line 321 through the jacking conveyor and is output.
In this embodiment, the lifting device includes a lifting rotary driving member 323 and a plurality of lifting rods 325 mounted on the fixed frame 31 and driven by a rotating shaft 324 to move up and down, the chain scraper conveyor 322 is connected to the plurality of lifting rods 325, the rotating shafts 324 of the plurality of lifting rods 325 are connected to each other and rotate synchronously, and the driving end of the lifting rotary driving member 323 is connected to the rotating shaft 324 of one of the lifting rods 325. The lifting device adopts a plurality of lifting rods 325 driven by a rotating shaft 324 to do lifting motion, the rotating shafts 324 of the plurality of lifting rods 325 are connected with each other and synchronously rotate, and a lifting rotary driving piece 323 can drive all the lifting rods 325 to do synchronous lifting motion, so that the lifting synchronism is good, the problem that the two ends are uneven can not occur during lifting, even if the chain conveyor 322 with a long wheelbase can also stably lift, and the lifting conveyor has the advantages of simple and compact structure, low cost and long service life.
In this embodiment, the lifting rod 325 is a threaded rod rotatably mounted on a mounting box 3251 around a vertical axis, the rotating shaft 324 is rotatably mounted on the mounting box 3251, the rotating shaft 324 is provided with a driving thread which is engaged with the thread of the threaded rod to drive the threaded rod to rotate when the rotating shaft 324 rotates, the slat conveyor 322 is engaged with the thread of the threaded rod, and the slat conveyor 322 is driven to move up and down when the threaded rod rotates. The lifting device is simple in structure, good in lifting stability and convenient to overhaul and maintain. In other embodiments, other mounting and matching manners between the lifting rod 325 and the rotating shaft 324 may be adopted, as long as the rotating motion of the rotating shaft 324 can be converted into the lifting motion of the lifting rod 325.
In this embodiment, the rotating shafts 324 of the lifting rods 325 are sequentially connected through the intermediate shaft 326, and the rotating shafts 324 of the lifting rods 325 and the intermediate shaft 326 are in transmission connection through the coupling 327. The intermediate shaft 326 and the coupling 327 are connected for transmission, so that the cost is low, the manufacturing and the assembly are easy, and the overhaul and the maintenance are convenient.
In this embodiment, two lifting rods 325 are connected below the input end and below the output end of the chain conveyor 322, the rotating shafts 324 of the two lifting rods 325 below the input end of the chain conveyor 322 are in transmission connection through a first intermediate shaft 326, the rotating shafts 324 of the two lifting rods 325 below the output end of the chain conveyor 322 are in transmission connection through a second intermediate shaft 326, and the rotating shaft 324 of one lifting rod 325 below the input end of the chain conveyor 322 is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft 324 of one lifting rod 325 below the output end of the chain conveyor 322 through a third intermediate shaft 326; and the third intermediate shaft 326 is formed by connecting more than two shaft sections which are sequentially connected through a shaft coupling 327. Four jacking rods 325 are adopted to drive the chain plate conveyor 322 to move up and down totally, so that the cost can be saved and the simple and compact structure can be improved on the premise of ensuring stable and reliable work. The third intermediate shaft 326 is formed by connecting more than two shaft sections which are sequentially connected through a shaft coupling 327, and the number of the shaft sections can be set according to the conveying length of the actual chain scraper conveyor 322, so that the transmission is stable and reliable, and the manufacturing, assembly and maintenance are easy.
In this embodiment, the scraper chain conveyor 322 comprises a lifting frame 3221, a plurality of scraper chain conveyor belts 3222 mounted on the lifting frame 3221, and a scraper chain rotation driving member 3223 mounted on the lifting frame 3221 for driving the plurality of scraper chain conveyor belts 3222, wherein the lifting frame 3221 is connected to the plurality of lifting rods 325. The plate link conveyor 3222 is conventional and includes a base plate, a plate link mounted on the base plate via a sprocket, and the sprocket is connected to a plate link rotary drive 3223 via a sprocket drive mechanism. The chain plate rotary driving piece 3223 adopts an explosion-proof motor to meet the safety production requirement of the civil explosion industry.
In this embodiment, the material conveying device 328 includes a conveying rotary driving element and a plurality of rollers 3281 rotatably mounted on the fixed frame 31, the plurality of rollers 3281 are mounted in the gap between the plurality of plate link conveyor belts 3222, and the conveying rotary driving element is connected to the plurality of rollers 3281 through a transmission mechanism and drives the rollers 3281 to rotate. The drag chain conveyor 322 moves up and down to make the drag chain conveyor 3222 higher or lower than the top surface of the roller 3281, when the drag chain conveyor 3222 is raised from a state lower than the top surface of the roller 3281 to a state higher than the top surface of the roller 3281 (raised state), referring to fig. 13, the material carried on the roller 3281 can be lifted and conveyed, and when the drag chain conveyor 3222 is lowered from a state higher than the top surface of the roller 3281 to a state lower than the top surface of the roller 3281 (lowered state), referring to fig. 12, the lifted and conveyed material can be placed on the roller 3281 and conveyed by the roller 3281. The jacking conveyor is provided with the material conveying device 328, so that material transfer and multidirectional conveying are facilitated, the requirement for multidirectional conveying of materials is met, and the jacking conveyor has the advantages of high integration level and simple and compact structure.
In this embodiment, the conveying direction of each material conveying device 328 is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the chain scraper conveyor 322.
In this embodiment, each material conveying device 328 is provided with a roller 3281 in the gap between any two adjacent plate link conveying belts 3222, which can ensure the stability of material conveying.
In this embodiment, the lifting frame 3221 is slidably mounted on the fixed frame 31 along the vertical direction, so that the stability and accuracy of the lifting motion of the scraper chain conveyor 322 can be improved.
In this embodiment, the conveying line 321 is a roller conveyor; the material positioning platform 320 includes a blocking positioning member 3202 and a plurality of supporting rollers 3201, the supporting rollers 3201 are rotatably mounted on the fixed frame 31, and the blocking positioning member 3202 is disposed on a side of the material positioning platform 320 away from the material conveying device 328.
In this embodiment, two material positioning platforms 320 are respectively disposed on two sides of the robot 33.
In this embodiment, the tray transfer device 5 is the chain conveyor 322, and one material transfer device 328 of the tray transfer device 5 in the form of the chain conveyor 322 is butted against the transfer device 22 of the automatic unstacking machine 2, and the other material transfer device 328 is butted against one material positioning platform 320 of the automatic unstacking truck system 3. In other embodiments, the tray transfer device 5 may have other structures, for example, a robot may be directly used.
In this embodiment, the warehousing system further includes a computer management center 6, and a series of automatic informatization operations such as automatic identification, accurate inventory positioning, warehousing material allocation management, digital inventory, real-time report output and the like can be realized for material management by combining the computer management center 6, so that the transparency of the warehousing-in and warehousing-out flow data is realized, no dead angle and no stop of information exist, and the management of an 'intermediate layer' is eliminated as much as possible, so that the management is efficient and powerful, and the error rate is reduced. The automatic loading and unloading vehicle and the intelligent loading and unloading of the stored materials are realized, the labor intensity of operators is greatly reduced, the number of the operators in dangerous operation places is reduced to the maximum extent, and the intrinsic safety level is improved.
The warehousing system of the embodiment combines with the computer management center 6 to realize the following intelligent and automatic work:
when warehousing, the computer management center 6 imports warehousing information, automatically allocates storage positions according to the warehousing information (variety, quantity and the like) by the computer management center 6, dispatches the transporting AGV4 to transport empty stacked trays to an inlet of the automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2, and the automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2 unlocks the empty stacked trays into a single tray and transports the single tray to the position of the material positioning platform 320 by the tray transport device 5. When automatic unloading is carried out, the stacking platform 102 in the carriage 101 of the transport vehicle 100 is pulled out of the vehicle by the mobile driving device 200 in the automatic unstacking, loading and unloading system 3, the emulsifying explosive box on the stacking platform 102 is unstacked automatically by the robot 33, and simultaneously, the emulsified explosive box is stacked on the tray of the material positioning platform 320; when unloading is manually assisted, an operator carries the emulsion explosive box to the loading conveyor 34 in the automatic unstacking and loading truck system 3 and conveys the emulsion explosive box to a corresponding station, and the robot 33 automatically stacks the emulsion explosive box on the tray of the material positioning platform 320. After stacking is completed, the goods conveying buffer device 32 conveys the trays with stacked goods to corresponding stations, the computer management center 6 schedules the carrying AGV4 to the corresponding stations to carry the trays with stacked goods, the carrying AGV4 automatically carries the trays with stacked goods to the storage position of the warehouse 1 distributed by the computer management center 6, updates relevant information of the computer management center 6 and completes warehousing.
When the goods are delivered from the warehouse, the computer management center 6 imports the delivery information, automatically allocates the positions of the delivery trays according to the delivery information (variety, quantity, etc.) by the computer management center 6, and schedules the transporting AGVs 4 to transport the stacked pallets from the designated storage positions to the stations on the goods transporting buffer device 32, and then the pallets are transported to the position of the material positioning platform 320 by the goods transporting buffer device 32. When automatic loading is carried out, the mobile driving device 200 in the automatic unstacking and stacking loading and unloading system 3 pulls the stacking platform 102 out of the van, the robot 33 automatically unstacks the emulsified explosive box on the storage disc at the position of the material positioning platform 320 and simultaneously stacks the emulsified explosive box on the stacking platform 102, and after the stacking is finished, the mobile driving device 200 in the automatic unstacking and stacking loading and unloading system 3 pushes the stacking platform 102 into the van to finish the automatic loading; when loading is assisted manually, the robot 33 automatically unstacks the emulsion explosive box on the tray at the position of the material positioning platform 320 and places the emulsion explosive box on the loading conveyor 34 in the automatic unstacking and loading system 3, the loading conveyor 34 conveys the goods into the carriage 101, and the operators carry and stack the goods into the carriage 101 to complete the loading task. The unstacked empty trays are automatically conveyed to the automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2 through the tray conveying device 5, the single empty trays are automatically stacked into a stack by the automatic unstacking and stacking machine 2 and conveyed to an off-line station, the computer management center 6 dispatches and conveys the AGV4 to automatically convey the empty trays stacked into the stack to a designated storage position of the warehouse 1 for storage, and relevant information of the computer management center 6 is updated to finish delivery from the warehouse.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments. Modifications and variations that may occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention are to be considered as within the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. A warehousing system characterized by: comprising a warehouse (1), said warehouse (1) being intended to store goods and empty pallets stacked in stacks;
the automatic unstacking and stacking machine (2) is used for unstacking and stacking the trays;
the automatic unstacking and stacking loading and unloading truck system (3) is used for unloading and stacking goods in a carriage (101) of the transport truck (100) on a tray, unstacking the goods stacked on the tray and conveying the goods into the carriage (101) of the transport truck (100);
a handling AGV (4), the handling AGV (4) being adapted to handle empty pallets stacked in stacks between the automatic unstacking stacker (2) and the warehouse (1) and to handle pallets stacked with goods between the automatic unstacking truck system (3) and the warehouse (1);
and the tray conveying device (5) is connected with the automatic unstacking and loading truck system (3) and the automatic unstacking and stacking machine (2) and conveys trays between the automatic unstacking and loading truck system (3) and the automatic unstacking and stacking machine (2).
2. The warehousing system of claim 1, wherein: the automatic unstacking and stacking machine (2) comprises a rack (20), a supporting device (21) arranged on the rack (20) and used for supporting materials, and a conveying device (22) arranged on the rack (20) and used for conveying the materials to the position below the supporting device (21), wherein a material transfer device (23) used for conveying the materials between the conveying device (22) and the supporting device (21) is arranged below the supporting device (21).
3. The warehousing system of claim 2, wherein: the material transfer device (23) comprises a material bearing platform (231) and a lifting driving assembly, wherein the driving end of the lifting driving assembly is connected with the material bearing platform (231) and can drive the material bearing platform (231) to move up and down within a height range between the position below the conveying surface of the conveying device (22) and the position above the material supporting height of the supporting device (21).
4. The warehousing system of claim 2, wherein: the conveying device (22) comprises two annular conveying chains (221) driven by a chain driving assembly to operate, the two annular conveying chains (221) are arranged in parallel at intervals, each annular conveying chain (221) is provided with a straight conveying section (2211) used for bearing materials and carrying the materials to move, and the material transfer device (23) is located between the two annular conveying chains (221).
5. The warehousing system of claim 2, wherein: the supporting device (21) comprises a material space (210) which is arranged on the rack (20) and enables materials to move up and down and two groups of supporting units which are arranged on the rack (20), the two groups of supporting units are respectively arranged on two sides of the material space (210), and each supporting unit comprises more than one supporting piece (211) and a driving component which is used for driving the supporting pieces (211) to extend into and withdraw from the material space (210).
6. The warehousing system of claim 1, wherein: the automatic pile up neatly loading and unloading car system (3) of tearing open includes fixed frame (31) and transport vechicle (100), install in carriage (101) of transport vechicle (100) and can remove stack platform (102) that stretch out and retract carriage (101), install goods on fixed frame (31) and carry buffer memory device (32), be used for unstacking and pile up neatly robot (33) of goods and be used for ordering about the removal drive arrangement (200) that stack platform (102) removed, still install goods loading device on fixed frame (31), goods loading device is including adopting on the fixed frame of movable mode installation (31) with can stretch into and withdraw from loading conveyor (34) and the drive the removal drive assembly that loading conveyor (34) removed.
7. The warehousing system of claim 6, wherein: the goods conveying caching device (32) comprises two material positioning platforms (320) and two conveying lines (321), the output ends of the two conveying lines (321) are connected with the two material positioning platforms (320) through a jacking conveyor, the jacking conveyor comprises a chain plate conveyor (322) and two material conveying devices (328) which are installed on a fixed rack (31), the two material conveying devices (328) are arranged at intervals in the conveying direction of the chain plate conveyor (322), the chain plate conveyor (322) is installed on the fixed rack (31) in a height-adjustable mode through a lifting device, the conveying surfaces of the chain plate conveyor (322) can be changed between two states which are higher than the conveying surfaces of the two material conveying devices (328) and lower than the conveying surfaces of the two material conveying devices (328) through adjusting the height of the chain plate conveyor (322), one ends of the two material conveying devices (328) are respectively correspondingly connected with the two conveying lines (321), the other ends of the two material conveying devices (328) are respectively correspondingly connected with the two material positioning platforms (320).
8. The warehousing system of claim 7, wherein: the chain plate conveyor (322) comprises a lifting rack (3221), a plurality of chain plate conveying belts (3222) arranged on the lifting rack (3221) and a chain plate rotary driving piece (3223) arranged on the lifting rack (3221) and used for driving the plurality of chain plate conveying belts (3222), wherein the lifting rack (3221) is connected with the plurality of lifting rods (325); the material conveying device (328) comprises a conveying rotary driving part and a plurality of rollers (3281) rotatably mounted on the fixed rack (31), the rollers (3281) are mounted in gaps among the plate link conveying belts (3222), and the conveying rotary driving part is connected with the rollers (3281) through a transmission mechanism and drives the rollers (3281) to rotate.
9. The warehousing system of claim 8, wherein: the tray conveying device (5) is the chain scraper conveyor (322).
10. The warehousing system of any of claims 1-9, wherein: the warehousing system also comprises a computer management center (6).
CN201911090345.XA 2019-11-08 2019-11-08 Warehousing system Pending CN110683269A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911090345.XA CN110683269A (en) 2019-11-08 2019-11-08 Warehousing system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911090345.XA CN110683269A (en) 2019-11-08 2019-11-08 Warehousing system

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CN110683269A true CN110683269A (en) 2020-01-14

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CN201911090345.XA Pending CN110683269A (en) 2019-11-08 2019-11-08 Warehousing system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111268382A (en) * 2020-03-02 2020-06-12 上海福赛特机器人有限公司 Intelligent waste storage and incineration distribution system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111268382A (en) * 2020-03-02 2020-06-12 上海福赛特机器人有限公司 Intelligent waste storage and incineration distribution system
CN111268382B (en) * 2020-03-02 2021-04-02 上海福赛特机器人有限公司 Intelligent waste storage and incineration distribution system

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