CN110933960A - Driving rake residual film recycling combined machine - Google Patents

Driving rake residual film recycling combined machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110933960A
CN110933960A CN201811109803.5A CN201811109803A CN110933960A CN 110933960 A CN110933960 A CN 110933960A CN 201811109803 A CN201811109803 A CN 201811109803A CN 110933960 A CN110933960 A CN 110933960A
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China
Prior art keywords
membrane
film
roller
residual film
driving rake
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Pending
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CN201811109803.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张佳
谢欣亚
张宇涛
黄勇
王宏
李川江
潘江如
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张佳
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Priority to CN201811109803.5A priority Critical patent/CN110933960A/en
Publication of CN110933960A publication Critical patent/CN110933960A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/02Combined machines with two or more soil-working tools of different kind

Abstract

The invention provides a driving rake residual film recovery combined machine which comprises a driving rake, a mold picking mechanism, a film soil separation plate, a film lifting shovel, a film unloading mechanism, a film collecting box and a press roller, wherein the film lifting shovel is arranged on the driving rake; the membrane soil separation plate is arranged below the membrane picking mechanism in parallel and is connected with the membrane removing shovel; unload membrane mechanism and set up in choosing the rear end of membrane mechanism, the membrane collection case sets up in unloading membrane mechanism below, the compression roller sets up in membrane collection case rear. The invention completes two operations of soil preparation and residual film recovery at one time, reduces the number of times of entering the ground of the tractor, reduces the planting cost of crops and has good effect of recovering the residual film.

Description

Driving rake residual film recycling combined machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a driving rake residual film recycling combined machine.
Background
Xinjiang northern Xinjiang is a arid and semi-arid area, economic crops such as cotton and tomatoes are mainly planted, in 2017, the planting area of Xinjiang cotton reaches 2896 ten thousand acres, the mulching area reaches more than 80 percent, but the degradation period of the currently used polyethylene mulching film is long, the residual film is not recovered timely, a large amount of the polyethylene mulching film is accumulated in the field, white pollution is caused, the normal development of seeds is influenced, and the ecological environment, the soil structure and the growth and development of the crops are seriously influenced.
In recent years, the comprehensive treatment of the residual film pollution mainly comprises a biodegradable film technology and a residual film mechanical recovery technology, wherein the biodegradable film technology is still in a trial and research stage at present due to high cost, Xinjiang mainly depends on the residual film mechanical recovery machinery to recover the residual films, and the residual film recoverer used at present is mainly divided into rake type, elastic tooth type, telescopic rod tooth type and the like, wherein the rake type is simple in structure and low in cost, but the residual film recovery rate is about 70 percent; the more general plastic film residue recycling operation machine is mainly used for raking and pulling rod film lifting, the raking type plastic film residue recycling machine is high in operation efficiency, but low in plastic film residue recycling rate, high in recycling efficiency of the telescopic rod type plastic film residue recycling machine, poor in reliability and required to be manually matched for picking. The general defects of the residual film recycling machines are that the functions are single, the residual film recycling operation can only be completed, and the cost of farmland use is high. In addition, the existing plastic film residue recycling machine is poor in plastic film residue picking effect due to soil hardening, and elastic teeth are easy to deform, so that the plastic film residue recycling machine is considered to adopt combined operation of soil preparation and plastic film residue recycling to complete soil crushing firstly and then recycle plastic film residues, the plastic film residue picking effect can be improved, two operations can be completed at one time, the operation times of a tractor can be reduced, the farmland planting cost can be reduced, and the plastic film residue recycling machine is also a development trend of plastic film residue recycling machines which accord with actual national conditions of China.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art, adapt to the practical requirements and provide a driving rake residual film recycling combined machine which can complete two operations of soil preparation and residual film recycling.
In order to realize the purpose of the invention, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a driving rake residual film recycling combined machine is designed, and comprises a driving rake, a mold picking mechanism, a film soil separation plate, a film lifting shovel, a film unloading mechanism, a film collecting box and a press roller; the membrane soil separation plate is arranged below the membrane picking mechanism in parallel and is connected with the membrane removing shovel; unload membrane mechanism and set up in choosing the rear end of membrane mechanism, the membrane collection case sets up in unloading membrane mechanism below, the compression roller sets up in membrane collection case rear.
Preferably, choose membrane mechanism including big roller, little roller, conveying chain and bullet tooth, big roller and little roller parallel arrangement, the cover is equipped with the conveying chain on big roller and the little roller, the equipartition is provided with the multirow bullet tooth on the conveying chain, big roller and little roller axle head pass through belt drive and connect.
Preferably, unload membrane mechanism and set up in the epaxial multi-row of membrane broach of unloading equally including transmission shaft and circumference, the transmission shaft passes through the bearing and sets up in choosing the mould mechanism frame.
Preferably, the device further comprises a depth wheel, and the depth wheel is arranged in front of the mold picking mechanism.
Preferably, a plurality of rows of through holes are uniformly distributed on the membrane soil separation plate.
Preferably, institute still includes running gear, running gear sets up in the rear of press roll, running gear includes supporting wheel, pneumatic cylinder, tie-beam and frame board, the press roll passes through the bearing and sets up between two frame boards, the pneumatic cylinder tail end articulates in frame board rear upper place, pneumatic cylinder piston rod tip is articulated with the tie-beam intermediate position, tie-beam one end is provided with the supporting wheel, and the other end is articulated with frame board front end.
Preferably, the frame plate is detachably connected with the connecting frame through a connecting rod.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the incomplete membrane of drive harrow recovery combined operation machine of this design combines drive harrow and incomplete membrane recovery part and compression roller, and the soil that hardens earlier is broken to turn over out the incomplete membrane of certain degree of depth, what improve picks up membrane mechanism picks up the membrane effect, and increased the working life who plays the tooth, once only accomplish soil breakage, incomplete membrane recovery and soil and level and smooth the operation, reduced the number of times of advancing of tractor, reduced the planting cost of crops, it is effectual to retrieve incomplete membrane.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a mold picking mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a traveling mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a film removing mechanism according to the present invention;
in the figure: 1. driving the harrow; 2. a depth wheel; 3. a mould picking mechanism; 4. a film removing shovel; 5. a film collecting box; 6. a press roller; 7. a traveling mechanism; 8. a film unloading mechanism; 9. a driving wheel; 10. a speed reducer; 11. a membrane soil separation plate; 12. connecting the frame; 13. a frame plate; 14. a connecting rod; 31. a large roller; 32. elastic teeth; 33. a conveyor chain; 34. a belt; 35. a small roller; 36. a mold picking mechanism frame; 71. a support wheel; 72. a hydraulic cylinder; 73. a connecting beam; 81. a drive shaft; 82. and (5) unloading the membrane comb teeth.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples:
example 1: the driving rake residual film recycling combined machine is shown in figures 1 to 5 and comprises a driving rake 1, a mold picking mechanism 3, a film soil separation plate 11, a film lifting shovel 4, a film unloading mechanism 8, a film collecting box 5 and a press roll 6; the film picking mechanism 3 is obliquely arranged behind the driving rake 1, the film removing shovel 4 is arranged below the front end of the film picking mechanism, and the film soil separating plate 11 is arranged below the film picking mechanism 3 in parallel and connected with the film removing shovel 4; unload membrane mechanism 8 and set up in choosing the 3 rear ends of membrane mechanism, membrane collecting box 5 sets up in unloading membrane mechanism 8 below, compression roller 6 sets up in membrane collecting box 5 rear.
Further, choose membrane mechanism including big roller 31, little roller 35, conveying chain 33 and bullet tooth 32, the both ends of big roller 31 and little roller 35 all set up through the bearing on choosing mould mechanism frame 36, big roller 31 and little roller 35 parallel arrangement are equipped with conveying chain 33 on big roller 31 and the little roller 35 cover, the equipartition is provided with multirow bullet tooth 32 on the conveying chain 33, big roller 31 and little roller 35 axle head pass through belt drive and connect. Furthermore, the mold picking mechanism 3 forms an included angle of 40-50 degrees with the ground.
Further, the film unloading mechanism 8 comprises a transmission shaft 81 and a plurality of rows of film unloading comb teeth 82 which are equally arranged on the transmission shaft 81 in the circumferential direction, and the transmission shaft 81 is arranged on the frame 36 of the film picking mechanism through a bearing.
Further, the device also comprises a depth wheel 2, and the contour wheel is arranged in front of the mould picking mechanism 3; the depth wheel 2 is connected with the film picking mechanism frame 36 and is used for limiting the penetration depth of the elastic teeth 32 of the film picking mechanism.
Furthermore, a plurality of rows of through holes are uniformly distributed on the membrane soil separation plate 11. The membrane soil separation plate 11 is used for conveying the lifted residual membranes to the rear end of the membrane soil separation plate 11, wherein the doped soil blocks are separated from the through holes, the residual membranes are smoothly conveyed without falling into the through holes due to the force, and the diameter of the through holes is preferably 10-15 mm.
Further, institute still includes running gear 7, running gear 7 sets up in the rear of press roll 6, running gear 7 includes supporting wheel 71, pneumatic cylinder 72, tie-beam 73 and frame board 13, press roll 6 passes through the bearing and sets up between two frame boards 13, pneumatic cylinder 72 tail end articulates in frame board 13 back upper place, pneumatic cylinder 72 piston rod tip is articulated with tie-beam 73 intermediate position, tie-beam 73 one end is provided with supporting wheel 71, and the other end is articulated with frame board 13 front end. Because the length of the working machine is long and the press roller 6 damages the road surface in the non-working state, the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder 72 is controlled to extend to drive the supporting wheel 71 to move downwards, so that the press roller 6 is relatively lifted up and separated from the road surface and is supported by the supporting wheel 71 to travel in the non-working state.
Further, the frame plate 13 is detachably connected with the connecting frame 12 through the connecting rod 14, the frame plate 13 is fixedly connected with the mold picking mechanism frame 36, and the frame plate 13 and the connecting frame 12 can be detached when the press roller 6 does not work.
Further, a speed reducer 10 is further arranged above the driving rake 1, the input end of the speed reducer 10 can be connected with a power output shaft of a tractor, the output end of the speed reducer 14 is provided with a driving wheel 9, the driving wheel 9 is in transmission connection with a large roller 31 of the film picking mechanism 3 through a belt, the large roller 31 is in transmission connection with a small roller 35 through a belt, and the large roller 31 is in transmission connection with a transmission shaft 81 of the film unloading mechanism 8 through a belt.
When the film picking and compacting machine works, the working machine is hung and pulled by a tractor, the advancing speed of the machine is 5-7.5 km/h, the rotating speed of a power output shaft of the tractor is 540r/min, the cutter teeth of the harrow 1 are driven to rotate to crush soil in the depth of 15cm in a field, the rotating directions of a large roller 31 and a small roller 35 of a film picking structure are the same as the rotating direction of a land wheel of the tractor, residual films in the depth of 10cm in the field soil are picked up by the elastic teeth 32 of the film picking mechanism, the picked residual films and part of soil blocks are conveyed to a film unloading mechanism 8 at the rear part along with a film soil separating plate 11 along with the rotation of the mold picking mechanism, the film unloading mechanism 8 and the mold picking mechanism rotate in the same direction to drop the residual films from the film picking mechanism to a film collecting box 5, and then the soil crushed by the harrow 1 is leveled and compacted by a press roll. After the completion of the work, the hydraulic cylinder 72 of the traveling mechanism 7 is controlled to lower the support wheel 71 to the ground, and the press roller 6 is relatively lifted up and is supported by the support wheel 71 to travel.
The embodiments of the present invention are disclosed as the preferred embodiments, but not limited thereto, and those skilled in the art can easily understand the spirit of the present invention and make various extensions and changes without departing from the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. Drive harrow plastic film residue and retrieve combined operation machine, its characterized in that: comprises a driving harrow, a mould picking mechanism, a membrane soil separating plate, a membrane lifting shovel, a membrane unloading mechanism, a membrane collecting box and a press roller; the membrane soil separation plate is arranged below the membrane picking mechanism in parallel and is connected with the membrane removing shovel; unload membrane mechanism and set up in choosing the rear end of membrane mechanism, the membrane collection case sets up in unloading membrane mechanism below, the compression roller sets up in membrane collection case rear.
2. The driving rake residual film recovery combined machine as set forth in claim 1, wherein: choose membrane mechanism to include big roller, little roller, conveying chain and bullet tooth, big roller and little roller parallel arrangement, the cover is equipped with the conveying chain on big roller and the little roller, the equipartition is provided with the multirow bullet tooth on the conveying chain, big roller and little roller axle head pass through belt drive and connect.
3. The driving rake residual film recovery combined machine as set forth in claim 2, wherein: the film unloading mechanism comprises a transmission shaft and a plurality of rows of film unloading comb teeth, wherein the circumference of the transmission shaft is equally arranged on the transmission shaft, and the transmission shaft is arranged on the frame of the film picking mechanism through a bearing.
4. The driving rake residual film recovery combined machine as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the depth wheel is arranged in front of the mould picking mechanism.
5. The driving rake residual film recovery combined machine as set forth in claim 1, wherein: and a plurality of rows of through holes are uniformly distributed on the membrane soil separation plate.
6. The driving rake residual film recovery combined machine as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a press roller, including the press roller, the mechanism of walking sets up in the rear of press roller, running gear includes supporting wheel, pneumatic cylinder, tie-beam and frame board, the press roller passes through the bearing and sets up between two frame boards, the pneumatic cylinder tail end articulates in frame board rear upper place, pneumatic cylinder piston rod tip is articulated with the tie-beam intermediate position, tie-beam one end is provided with the supporting wheel, and the other end is articulated with the frame board front end.
7. The driving rake residual film recovery combined machine as set forth in claim 6, wherein: the frame plate is detachably connected with the connecting frame through a connecting rod.
CN201811109803.5A 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 Driving rake residual film recycling combined machine Pending CN110933960A (en)

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CN201811109803.5A CN110933960A (en) 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 Driving rake residual film recycling combined machine

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CN110933960A true CN110933960A (en) 2020-03-31

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113056973A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-07-02 史丹丹 Farmland film recovery plant
CN114391310A (en) * 2021-12-21 2022-04-26 芜湖将军湾生态农业有限公司 Ridging device for turning seeds in orchard

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113056973A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-07-02 史丹丹 Farmland film recovery plant
CN113056973B (en) * 2021-04-26 2022-11-22 史丹丹 Farmland film recovery plant
CN114391310A (en) * 2021-12-21 2022-04-26 芜湖将军湾生态农业有限公司 Ridging device for turning seeds in orchard

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