CN110558008A - Vertical planting device of garlic seeder - Google Patents

Vertical planting device of garlic seeder Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110558008A
CN110558008A CN201910851863.2A CN201910851863A CN110558008A CN 110558008 A CN110558008 A CN 110558008A CN 201910851863 A CN201910851863 A CN 201910851863A CN 110558008 A CN110558008 A CN 110558008A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
disc
main
hole forming
forming device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910851863.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金文忻
金峰
王林林
吴丹
陈秀珍
戴有华
刘银艳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry filed Critical Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
Priority to CN201910851863.2A priority Critical patent/CN110558008A/en
Publication of CN110558008A publication Critical patent/CN110558008A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C9/00Potato planters

Landscapes

  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Sowing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an upright planting device of a garlic seeder, which comprises a seed box, a seed conveying device, a rack, an upright seed throwing mechanism, a hole forming device starting mechanism and a press wheel.

Description

Vertical planting device of garlic seeder
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to an upright planting device of a garlic seeder.
Background
The garlic is one of the main economic crops in China, the annual planting area is about 85.3 million hectares, the garlic seeds are planted into the soil mainly by manpower according to the requirements of 'scale bud upward and vertical planting' in the current garlic planting in China, the labor intensity is high, the operation efficiency is low, the production cost is high, and the production enthusiasm of garlic farmers is seriously influenced.
Chinese patent publication No.: CN105393674A, name: the utility model provides a crawler-type garlic seeder based on hydraulic drive, the hydraulic pressure towed garlic seeder of developing in this patent utilizes toper spiral seed guide pipe and rotatory device of digging a hole to realize that the garlic kind is directional and plant, and the operating efficiency is 400 ~ 500m2The work efficiency needs to be further improved; chinese patent publication No.: CN106068830A, name: a garlic planting cup for realizing directional planting and a garlic planting machine, wherein a direction control material cup is provided in the patent, is suitable for garlic seeds with obvious bulbil character, and the structure and working parameters of the cup are required to be optimized.
The agricultural technology for planting garlic cloves not only needs to meet the requirement of precise equidistant seed throwing, but also needs to be planted vertically, the research on the vertical planting aspect of the existing garlic planting machine is immature, and the garlic planter is unstable in performance, low in reliability and low in automation degree.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose of the invention is as follows: in view of the above problems, the present invention is directed to provide a vertical planting device of a garlic planter, which can position the planting direction of garlic cloves and complete the hole-forming and seed-feeding simultaneously.
The technical scheme is as follows: the invention provides an upright planting device of a garlic seeder, which comprises a seed box, a seed conveying device, an upright seed throwing mechanism, a hole forming device opening mechanism and a press wheel, wherein the upright seed throwing mechanism comprises a main disc, driving shafts are uniformly distributed on the main disc, the hole forming devices are equidistantly distributed on the driving shafts, the hole forming device opening mechanism is arranged right above the hole forming device, the seed box is placed on a rack, the seed conveying device is obliquely placed on the inclined surface of the seed box, the bottom outlet of the seed conveying device is right above the hole forming device, the number of the seed conveying device and the number of the hole forming devices are the same, and the hole forming devices are kept in a vertical working state.
The vertical seed throwing mechanism further comprises a secondary disc and a main shaft, the main shaft is fixed on the secondary disc, the main disc is connected with the secondary disc through a connecting rod, power is transmitted to the secondary disc through the main shaft to drive the secondary disc to rotate, and the secondary disc transmits the power to the main disc through the connecting rod to drive the main disc to rotate together.
The two ends of the vertical seed throwing mechanism are respectively provided with a pair of main disks and a pair of secondary disks, the main disks are parallel to each other and are connected through a fixed shaft, and the main disks are parallel to the secondary disks.
Each driving shaft is connected with a corresponding connecting rod.
The seed collecting hopper is used for bearing garlic cloves falling from the seed conveying device, the pushing rod is abutted against the movable part of the seed forming device to realize the opening state of the seed forming device, and the seed throwing reset spring can be used for restoring the opened seed forming device to the original closing state.
The opening mechanism of the hole forming device is a cam mechanism, and the opening mechanism of the hole forming device achieves the purpose of opening the hole forming device by controlling the seed pushing rod in the movement process of the hole forming device.
Has the advantages that: compared with the prior art, the invention has the following remarkable advantages: in the movement process of the vertical planting mechanism of the garlic planter, the hole forming device is always kept in a vertical working state, vertically enters the soil and vertically comes out of the soil, garlic cloves are ensured to vertically enter a proper position of the soil, the vertical rate of the garlic after planting is kept, the operation efficiency is high, the stability is good, and the garlic planter can be well adapted to the working environment; in the aspect of structure, the design structure is simple, and the manufacturing cost is low; in terms of performance, the device operates reliably.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a vertical planting device of a garlic planter;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a vertical planting device of a garlic planter;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the connection of the primary and secondary disks;
fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the cavitation device.
Detailed Description
referring to fig. 1-3, the invention relates to a garlic planter vertical planting device, which comprises a seed box 1, a seed conveyer 2, a vertical seed throwing mechanism, a hole forming device 6, a hole forming device opening mechanism and a press wheel 7, wherein the vertical seed throwing mechanism comprises a main disc 5, a driving shaft 10 is uniformly distributed on the main disc 5, the hole forming devices 6 are equidistantly distributed on the driving shaft 10, the hole forming device opening mechanism is arranged right above the hole forming device 6, the seed box 1 is arranged on a frame 3, the seed conveyer 2 is obliquely arranged on the inclined plane of the seed box 1, an outlet at the bottom of the seed conveyer 2 is right above the hole forming device 6, the number of the seed conveyer 2 and the hole forming device 6 is the same, the hole forming device 6 keeps a vertical working state, and fig. 2 is a vertical planting device perspective view of the garlic planter.
The vertical seed throwing mechanism further comprises a secondary disc 4 and a main shaft 8, the main shaft 8 is fixed on the secondary disc 4, the main disc 5 is connected with the secondary disc 4 through a connecting rod 9, power is transmitted to the secondary disc 4 through the main shaft 8 to drive the secondary disc 4 to rotate, and the secondary disc 4 transmits the power to the main disc 5 through the connecting rod 9 to drive the main disc 5 to rotate together.
A pair of main disks 5 and a pair of secondary disks 4 are respectively distributed at two ends of the vertical seed throwing mechanism, the main disks 5 are parallel to each other and are connected through a fixed shaft, and the main disks 5 and the secondary disks 4 are parallel to each other.
The connecting rods 9 are always kept in a vertical state in the rotation process of the main disc 5 and the secondary disc 4, and each driving shaft 10 is connected with the corresponding connecting rod 9.
As shown in fig. 4, the seed-forming device 6 includes a seed receiving hopper 61, a seed-forming device fixing member 62, a seed-forming device movable member 63, a seed-forming device return spring 64, a seed throwing return spring 65, and a seed pushing member 66, wherein the seed receiving hopper 61 is used for receiving garlic cloves falling from the seed feeder 2, the seed pushing member 66 is abutted against the seed-forming device movable member 63 to realize an opening state of the seed-forming device 6, and the seed throwing return spring 65 is used for returning the opened seed-forming device 6 to an original closing state.
the opening mechanism of the seed setting device is a cam mechanism, when the seed setting device 6 moves to a certain position, the cam mechanism presses the seed pushing rod 66, the seed pushing rod 66 is vertically downward, when the seed setting device 6 rotates to the lowest point along with the driving shaft 10, the cam mechanism continues to press the seed pushing rod 66 to push downward, at the moment, the seed pushing rod is abutted against the movable piece 63 of the seed setting device, the movable piece 63 of the seed setting device is opened, the seed pushing rod continues to push garlic downward to vertically fall, and garlic cloves quickly fall into the cavities under the action of self gravity and the seed pushing rod.
When the main disc 5 rotates and the dibbler 6 rotates to the top end, the seed conveyor 2 discharges a garlic clove and directly falls into the seed receiving hopper 61 of the dibbler 6 vertically below, because the garlic clove is manually placed in the position before, when the garlic clove falls into the seed receiving hopper 61 and still has garlic root facing downwards, the garlic clove slides down to the bottom of the dibbler 6 along the inclined surface of the seed receiving hopper 61 under the action of self gravity, when the dibbler 6 rotates to the bottom end along with the main disc 5, the dibbler 6 forms a good hole on the cultivated land at the moment, the dibbler opening mechanism acts on the seed pushing rod 61, the seed pushing rod 61 pushes the movable part 63 of the dibbler, the garlic clove is pushed out of the dibbler 6 at the same time, the seed pushing rod 66 returns to the original position under the action of the seed throwing reset spring 65 after the digger 6 emerges, and the dibbler is closed at the moment, thereby completing one garlic clove sowing.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a garlic seeder planting device that stands vertically, includes kind of a seed case (1) and seed conveyor (2), its characterized in that: the seed sowing device is characterized by further comprising a vertical seed sowing mechanism, a hole forming device (6) and a hole forming device opening mechanism, wherein the vertical seed sowing mechanism comprises a main disc (5), driving shafts (10) are uniformly distributed on the main disc (5), the hole forming devices (6) are equidistantly distributed on the driving shafts (10), the hole forming device opening mechanism is installed right above the hole forming device (6), the seed conveying device (2) is obliquely placed on an inclined plane of the seed box (1), an outlet at the bottom of the seed conveying device (2) is right above the hole forming device (6), and the hole forming device (6) is kept in a vertical working state.
2. The garlic planter upright planting device of claim 1 wherein: the vertical seed throwing mechanism further comprises a secondary disc (4) and a main shaft (8), the main shaft (8) is fixed on the secondary disc (4), the main disc (5) is connected with the secondary disc (4) through a connecting rod (9), power is transmitted to the secondary disc (4) through the main shaft (8), the secondary disc (4) is driven to rotate, the secondary disc (4) transmits the power to the main disc (5) through the connecting rod (9), and the main disc (5) is driven to rotate together.
3. The garlic planter upright planting device of claim 2, wherein: a pair of main disks (5) and a pair of secondary disks (4) are respectively distributed at two ends of the vertical seed throwing mechanism, the main disks (5) are parallel to each other and are connected through a fixed shaft, and the main disks (5) and the secondary disks (4) are parallel to each other.
4. The garlic planter upright planting device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein: each driving shaft (10) is connected with a corresponding connecting rod (9).
CN201910851863.2A 2019-09-10 2019-09-10 Vertical planting device of garlic seeder Pending CN110558008A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910851863.2A CN110558008A (en) 2019-09-10 2019-09-10 Vertical planting device of garlic seeder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910851863.2A CN110558008A (en) 2019-09-10 2019-09-10 Vertical planting device of garlic seeder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110558008A true CN110558008A (en) 2019-12-13

Family

ID=68778703

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910851863.2A Pending CN110558008A (en) 2019-09-10 2019-09-10 Vertical planting device of garlic seeder

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110558008A (en)

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN88211066U (en) * 1988-02-03 1988-09-21 张太银 Machine for seeding and spreading manure
CN201878516U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-06-29 山东五征集团有限公司 Garlic planting machine
CN102907200A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-02-06 东北农业大学 Wheel disc type seeding apparatus of potato seeding machine
KR20140001204U (en) * 2014-02-07 2014-02-27 황병철 seeding machine
CN203675586U (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-07-02 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Garlic seeder
CN105393682A (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-03-16 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Oriented seeding machine for garlic, and oriented burying device and method for garlic seeding
CN105766162A (en) * 2016-03-13 2016-07-20 开封大学 Full-automatic electrically-controlled garlic recognition vertical seeder
CN205611234U (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-10-05 安徽科技学院 Portable large granule crop disseminator
CN206620431U (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-11-10 彭茂武 A kind of auto-strengthening garlic planter
CN109104955A (en) * 2018-11-07 2019-01-01 吴志海 A kind of agricultural garlic planting machine
CN210746005U (en) * 2019-09-10 2020-06-16 江苏农林职业技术学院 Vertical planting device of garlic seeder

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN88211066U (en) * 1988-02-03 1988-09-21 张太银 Machine for seeding and spreading manure
CN201878516U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-06-29 山东五征集团有限公司 Garlic planting machine
CN102907200A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-02-06 东北农业大学 Wheel disc type seeding apparatus of potato seeding machine
CN203675586U (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-07-02 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Garlic seeder
KR20140001204U (en) * 2014-02-07 2014-02-27 황병철 seeding machine
CN105393682A (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-03-16 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Oriented seeding machine for garlic, and oriented burying device and method for garlic seeding
CN105766162A (en) * 2016-03-13 2016-07-20 开封大学 Full-automatic electrically-controlled garlic recognition vertical seeder
CN205611234U (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-10-05 安徽科技学院 Portable large granule crop disseminator
CN206620431U (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-11-10 彭茂武 A kind of auto-strengthening garlic planter
CN109104955A (en) * 2018-11-07 2019-01-01 吴志海 A kind of agricultural garlic planting machine
CN210746005U (en) * 2019-09-10 2020-06-16 江苏农林职业技术学院 Vertical planting device of garlic seeder

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
张世杰;: "2BMK1/3型穴播式铺膜播种机的设计与试验", 中国农机化学报, no. 04, 25 July 2013 (2013-07-25), pages 113 - 117 *

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204180510U (en) The direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of corn on dry land full film double-furrow
CN102630406B (en) Roller-type sowing device
CN108293366B (en) Seeder for peanut planting
CN106973590B (en) Multifunctional garlic planter
CN108605480A (en) Automatic tuber planter
CN112567928A (en) Garden machine trees equipment of transplanting of digging a pit
CN104170565B (en) Pneumatic seeder
CN201307991Y (en) Garlic planter
CN210746005U (en) Vertical planting device of garlic seeder
CN103636334A (en) Fertilizer fixed-point adding device as well as fertilizer and seed fixed-point adding device and method
CN102577717B (en) Mechanical auxiliary seed-filling device
CN101513157B (en) Seeder
CN204948691U (en) Percussion formula monodrill
CN110558008A (en) Vertical planting device of garlic seeder
CN201393435Y (en) Pot disk type cultivation special precision seeder
CN110896710B (en) Actuating mechanism and system of corn planter
CN203788693U (en) Seed picker of mini potato seeding machine
CN110679251B (en) Yellow flower seedling planting machine
CN203353105U (en) Hole disc vegetable seeding machine
CN209184984U (en) A kind of automatic sowing device of seed-sowing machine
CN107771464A (en) A kind of press mold seeder
CN208317383U (en) A kind of baby transplanter
CN207678245U (en) The fixing device with bud potato kind for sowing tuber crops and the seeder with its composition
CN111295997A (en) A seeding earthing device for vegetable planting
CN203327523U (en) Small drum type corn planter

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination