CN204180510U - The direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of corn on dry land full film double-furrow - Google Patents

The direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of corn on dry land full film double-furrow Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204180510U
CN204180510U CN201420670971.2U CN201420670971U CN204180510U CN 204180510 U CN204180510 U CN 204180510U CN 201420670971 U CN201420670971 U CN 201420670971U CN 204180510 U CN204180510 U CN 204180510U
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China
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push rod
wheel
corn
furrow
frame
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420670971.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王松林
韩正晟
高爱民
李兴凯
王波
白有帅
魏丽娟
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the corn seeding machinery technical field in agricultural machinery, especially relates to the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of a kind of corn on dry land full film double-furrow.Comprise frame, be characterized in described frame is provided with diesel engine, diesel engine is by giving the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel through chain by transmission of power after gearbox speed change, the first described sprocket wheel is coaxially arranged with driving wheel, driven pulley is meshed with driving wheel and coaxially arranges with land wheel, the second described sprocket wheel is connected with toggle, toggle lower end is connected with push rod with push rod, described push rod lower end is provided with indenting tool, indenting tool lower end is provided with duckbilled and strong opening mechanism, spacing sliding sleeve is also provided with between push rod and frame, described push rod is connected with the dispenser of kind of lower box part, dispenser is also provided with grain conductor, grain conductor lower end is connected with push rod.Problems such as which solving dyestripping, choose film, cavities and fenestra dislocation rate are high, structure is simple, practical, is applicable to large-scale promotion and uses.

Description

The direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of corn on dry land full film double-furrow
Technical field
The utility model relates to the corn seeding machinery technical field in agricultural machinery, especially relates to the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of a kind of corn on dry land full film double-furrow.
Background technology
The problems such as soil degradation, the damage caused by a drought of Techniques in Dry-farming Areas, northwest increase the weight of, low economic benefit restrict its agricultural sustainable development.Full film double-furrow broadcasts cropping pattern on the traditional ridge of technological break-through, and by film being opened cave by planting seed in furrow after plastic film mulch, rainfall richness amasss crop root in furrow, and the evaporation discharge of surface water is significantly suppressed by mulch film.This technology brings Gospel to dry farming, research shows, full film covers two ridges furrow drilling cultural technique can be increased to 820 kgs/acre by corn average yield, and on average increase production 350 kgs/acre than half plastic-film-covered cultivation, its significant economic benefit makes this technology promote on a large scale in the Northwest.
Traditional full film double-furrow sower has corn seed Dibbling gun, rolling wheel type duckbilled dibbler, steering wheel type dibbler, spoon formula adapt to hill-drop planter etc. by force, tool is artificial hand-held or semi-mechanization formula, sowing efficiency is low, very easily produces dyestripping, chooses film phenomenon and sowing depth is wayward.Promote on a large scale in the Northwest along with full film double-furrow broadcasts technology, traditional two furrows broadcast the requirement that facility have been not suitable with this technology, full film existing in prior art covers hill-drop planter and all has that hole rate is high, sowing depth qualification rate is low, cavities and the problem such as fenestra dislocation rate is high, and this becomes and restricts the principal element that full film double-furrow broadcasts mechanized cultivation.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is avoid the defect of prior art and propose the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of a kind of corn on dry land full film double-furrow, efficiently solves prior art Problems existing.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is: the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of described corn on dry land full film double-furrow, comprise frame, be characterized in described frame is provided with diesel engine, diesel engine is by giving the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel through chain by transmission of power after gearbox speed change, the first described sprocket wheel is coaxially arranged with driving wheel, driven pulley is meshed with driving wheel and coaxially arranges with land wheel, the second described sprocket wheel is connected with toggle, toggle lower end is connected with push rod with push rod, described push rod lower end is provided with indenting tool, indenting tool lower end is provided with duckbilled and strong opening mechanism, spacing sliding sleeve is also provided with between push rod and frame, described push rod is connected with the dispenser of kind of lower box part, dispenser is also provided with grain conductor, grain conductor lower end is connected with push rod.
Described frame rear upper is also provided with manipulation handrail, and frame lower rear is also provided with directive wheel.
Described driving wheel and driven pulley are arranged on frame front end, the discontinuous setting of the gear teeth on the cylindrical of driving wheel and driven pulley, driving wheel and driven pulley engage each other the incomplete gear engagement mechanism of composition, first sprocket wheel drives driving wheel by turning cylinder, driven pulley drives land wheel by turning cylinder, driving wheel rotates one week, and driven pulley rotates half cycle, and driven pulley often rotates and rests twice for one week.
Described kind case is fixedly mounted in frame, and described push rod realizes moving both vertically up and down under spacing sliding sleeve effect.
The second described chain wheel drive toggle also drives pushrod movement, and described dispenser is by top rod driving.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of described corn on dry land full film double-furrow, it is applicable to the plantation of overlay film precise hole sowing, under the effect of incomplete gear mechanism, intermittent movement is realized during this direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine work, when hill-drop planter rests, indenting tool quick insertion soil under the driving of toggle also resets in time, problems such as ensure that horizontal direction speed is the direct insertion sowing of zero, overcome the dyestripping existing for existing domestic hill-drop planter, choose film, cavities and fenestra dislocation rate are high.Its structure is simple, practical, is applicable to large-scale promotion and uses.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural principle schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is drive system structure principle schematic of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of incomplete gear mechanism of the present utility model.
Shown in figure: 1. chain; 2. toggle; 3. driven pulley; 4. indenting tool; 5. duckbilled; 6. land wheel; 7. the first sprocket wheel; 8. driving wheel; 9. frame; 10. diesel engine; 11. gearboxes; 12. second sprocket wheels; 13. kinds of casees; 14. handle handrail; 15. dispensers; 16. grain conductors; 17. directive wheels; The last 18. opening mechanism; 19. spacing sliding sleeves; 20. push rods; 21. push rods; 22. power transmission shafts.
Embodiment
Be described principle of the present utility model and feature below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, example, only for explaining the utility model, is not intended to limit scope of the present utility model.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of described corn on dry land full film double-furrow, comprise frame 9, be characterized in described frame 9 is provided with diesel engine 10, diesel engine 10 is by giving the first sprocket wheel 7 and the second sprocket wheel 12 through chain 1 by transmission of power after gearbox 11 speed change, the first described sprocket wheel 7 is coaxially arranged with driving wheel 8, driven pulley 3 is meshed with driving wheel 8 and coaxially arranges with land wheel 6, the second described sprocket wheel 12 is connected with toggle 2, toggle 2 lower end is connected with push rod 21 with push rod 20, described push rod 20 lower end is provided with indenting tool 4, indenting tool 4 lower end is provided with duckbilled 5 and strong opening mechanism 18, spacing sliding sleeve 19 is also provided with between push rod 20 and frame 9, described push rod 21 is connected with the dispenser 15 of kind of case 13 bottom, dispenser 15 is also provided with grain conductor 16, grain conductor 16 lower end is connected with push rod 20.
Further, described frame 9 rear upper is also provided with handles handrail 14, and frame 9 lower rear is also provided with directive wheel 17.
Further, described driving wheel 8 and driven pulley 3 are arranged on frame 9 front end, the discontinuous setting of the gear teeth on the cylindrical of driving wheel 8 and driven pulley 3, driving wheel 8 and driven pulley 3 engage each other the incomplete gear engagement mechanism of composition, first sprocket wheel 7 drives driving wheel 8 by turning cylinder 22, and driven pulley 3 drives land wheel 6 by turning cylinder 22, and driving wheel 8 rotates one week, driven pulley 3 rotates half cycle, and driven pulley 3 often rotates and rests twice for one week.
Further, described kind case 13 is fixedly mounted in frame 9, and described push rod 20 realizes moving both vertically up and down under spacing sliding sleeve 19 acts on.
Further, the second described sprocket wheel 12 driving crank linkage 2 also drives push rod 20 to move, and described dispenser 15 is driven by push rod 21.
The direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of described corn on dry land full film double-furrow, during work, the power that diesel engine 10 exports is assigned to driving wheel 8 and the toggle 2 of incomplete gear mechanism after gearbox 11 slows down by chain 1.First sprocket wheel 7 drives the driving wheel 8 coaxial with it to rotate, and driving wheel 8 passes through to drive the driven pulley 3 be engaged with to drive land wheel 6 to rotate makes hill-drop planter interval advance, and the direction of advance of hill-drop planter controls by manipulation handrail 14 and directive wheel 17.Second sprocket wheel 12 drives push rod 20 to drive indenting tool 4 to do reciprocating motion (spacing sliding sleeve 19 ensure that the up rightness that push rod 20 moves up and down) vertical over the ground by toggle 2, meanwhile, toggle 2 drives push rod 21 to drive dispenser 15 seeding.Seed is entered grain conductor 16 and naturally falls into bottom duckbilled 5 through push rod 20 by dispenser 15, and now the duckbilled 5 of indenting tool 4 is in closure state.When hill-drop planter halts, indenting tool 4 vertically inserts soil and to maximum sowing depth, now, strong opening mechanism 18 forces duckbilled 5 to be opened, and seed is discharged into hole, and hill-drop planter completes out cave and sowing.Toggle 2 continues to drive indenting tool 4 move upward and duckbilled 5 is taken away hole, and after its end leaves mulch film, duckbilled 5 is closed automatically, and hill-drop planter moves on, and a sowing cycle completes.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit the utility model, all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of corn on dry land full film double-furrow, comprise frame, it is characterized in that described frame is provided with diesel engine, diesel engine is by giving the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel through chain by transmission of power after gearbox speed change, the first described sprocket wheel is coaxially arranged with driving wheel, driven pulley is meshed with driving wheel and coaxially arranges with land wheel, the second described sprocket wheel is connected with toggle, toggle lower end is connected with push rod with push rod, described push rod lower end is provided with indenting tool, indenting tool lower end is provided with duckbilled and strong opening mechanism, spacing sliding sleeve is also provided with between push rod and frame, described push rod is connected with the dispenser of kind of lower box part, dispenser is also provided with grain conductor, grain conductor lower end is connected with push rod.
2. the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of corn on dry land full film double-furrow as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described frame rear upper is also provided with manipulation handrail, and frame lower rear is also provided with directive wheel.
3. the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of corn on dry land full film double-furrow as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described driving wheel and driven pulley are arranged on frame front end, the discontinuous setting of the gear teeth on the cylindrical of driving wheel and driven pulley, driving wheel and driven pulley engage each other the incomplete gear engagement mechanism of composition, first sprocket wheel drives driving wheel by turning cylinder, and driven pulley drives land wheel by turning cylinder, and driving wheel rotates one week, driven pulley rotates half cycle, and driven pulley often rotates and rests twice for one week.
4. the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of corn on dry land full film double-furrow as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described kind case is fixedly mounted in frame, described push rod realizes moving both vertically up and down under spacing sliding sleeve effect.
5. the direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of corn on dry land full film double-furrow as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the second described chain wheel drive toggle also drives pushrod movement, and described dispenser is by top rod driving.
CN201420670971.2U 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 The direct insertion precision hill-drop sowing machine of corn on dry land full film double-furrow Expired - Fee Related CN204180510U (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104996039A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-10-28 重庆卓山机械制造有限公司 Linkage seeding device
CN105325083A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-02-17 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Articulated multifunctional celery planting integrated machine
CN105393675A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-16 甘肃农业大学 Plot self-propelled corn hill-drop planter horizontal speed compensation device
CN105874972A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-08-24 建平县永盛达农业机械有限责任公司 Double-row seed-fertilizer precision dibbling and sowing machine
CN106358527A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-02-01 李传慧 Sowing apparatus having automatic soil-filling and roll-pressing function
CN106385882A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-02-15 武汉市农业科学技术研究院农业机械化科学研究所 On-film sower follow-up device
CN106717314A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-05-31 东北农业大学 Type hole formula pricks cave seeding monomer
CN107018726A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-08-08 郑世珍 A kind of agricultural uses automatic sowing device
CN107046867A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-18 李贤兵 A kind of automatic sowing device
CN107371484A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-11-24 昆明理工大学 A kind of no-tillage corn drill of novel direct-insert
CN107567772A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-01-12 河南科技大学 A kind of fully automatic electric dynamic formula small particle seed precision drill
CN107926222A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-04-20 成都中机盈科科技有限公司 A kind of sowing machine people control system
CN108419485A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-08-21 西北农林科技大学 A kind of impact type cavitation corn drill
CN109451927A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-03-12 孟小涵 A kind of portable crop seeding device and its application method
CN109463074A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-03-15 孟小涵 A kind of agriculture seeding apparatus and its application method
CN109644626A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-04-19 林楠 A kind of full mulch sowing device of millet and application method
CN109699256A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-05-03 湖北工业大学 A kind of Contrary compensation transplanting mechanism and its device
CN110809959A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-02-21 王仁绪 Intelligent seeding device based on eccentric rotation for changing planting depth
CN113692811A (en) * 2021-08-30 2021-11-26 张敏 Cotton perforating device for farming

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104996039A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-10-28 重庆卓山机械制造有限公司 Linkage seeding device
CN105325083B (en) * 2015-11-17 2017-05-10 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Articulated multifunctional celery planting integrated machine
CN105325083A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-02-17 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Articulated multifunctional celery planting integrated machine
CN105393675A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-16 甘肃农业大学 Plot self-propelled corn hill-drop planter horizontal speed compensation device
CN105874972A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-08-24 建平县永盛达农业机械有限责任公司 Double-row seed-fertilizer precision dibbling and sowing machine
CN106358527A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-02-01 李传慧 Sowing apparatus having automatic soil-filling and roll-pressing function
CN106385882A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-02-15 武汉市农业科学技术研究院农业机械化科学研究所 On-film sower follow-up device
CN106385882B (en) * 2016-11-16 2019-04-26 武汉市农业科学技术研究院农业机械化科学研究所 Seeder hunting gear on film
CN106717314A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-05-31 东北农业大学 Type hole formula pricks cave seeding monomer
CN106717314B (en) * 2017-01-05 2019-07-05 东北农业大学 Type hole formula pricks cave seeding monomer
CN107046867A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-18 李贤兵 A kind of automatic sowing device
CN107046867B (en) * 2017-04-25 2019-07-05 大安市中科佰澳格霖农业发展有限公司 A kind of automatic sowing device
CN107018726A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-08-08 郑世珍 A kind of agricultural uses automatic sowing device
CN107371484A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-11-24 昆明理工大学 A kind of no-tillage corn drill of novel direct-insert
CN107371484B (en) * 2017-06-12 2020-08-25 昆明理工大学 Direct-insertion no-tillage corn planter
CN107567772A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-01-12 河南科技大学 A kind of fully automatic electric dynamic formula small particle seed precision drill
CN107567772B (en) * 2017-10-27 2023-10-27 河南科技大学 Full-automatic electric small-grain-size seed precision hill planter
CN107926222A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-04-20 成都中机盈科科技有限公司 A kind of sowing machine people control system
CN108419485A (en) * 2018-05-17 2018-08-21 西北农林科技大学 A kind of impact type cavitation corn drill
CN109463074A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-03-15 孟小涵 A kind of agriculture seeding apparatus and its application method
CN109451927A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-03-12 孟小涵 A kind of portable crop seeding device and its application method
CN109463074B (en) * 2018-12-27 2020-12-15 孟小涵 Agricultural seeding device and using method thereof
CN109644626A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-04-19 林楠 A kind of full mulch sowing device of millet and application method
CN109644626B (en) * 2019-01-09 2023-02-03 南京市同亮科技有限公司 Millet full-film-mulching sowing device and using method
CN109699256A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-05-03 湖北工业大学 A kind of Contrary compensation transplanting mechanism and its device
CN110809959A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-02-21 王仁绪 Intelligent seeding device based on eccentric rotation for changing planting depth
CN113692811A (en) * 2021-08-30 2021-11-26 张敏 Cotton perforating device for farming

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Granted publication date: 20150304

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