CN203353105U - Hole disc vegetable seeding machine - Google Patents

Hole disc vegetable seeding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203353105U
CN203353105U CN 201320383854 CN201320383854U CN203353105U CN 203353105 U CN203353105 U CN 203353105U CN 201320383854 CN201320383854 CN 201320383854 CN 201320383854 U CN201320383854 U CN 201320383854U CN 203353105 U CN203353105 U CN 203353105U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
side plate
rack side
sowing roller
vegetable
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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CN 201320383854
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
武广伟
付卫强
孟志军
丛岳
董建军
包涵
李由
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Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture
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Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture
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Priority to CN 201320383854 priority Critical patent/CN203353105U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203353105U publication Critical patent/CN203353105U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of crop seeding and discloses a hole disc vegetable seeding machine. The hole disc vegetable seeding machine comprises a seed box, a seed-metering roller, a seed protecting device, a seed cleaning device and a belt conveying platform, wherein a bracket is arranged on the belt conveying platform; and a first bearing and a second bearing are mounted at the two ends of the seed-metering roller respectively and are detachably connected with the bracket respectively. The hole disc vegetable seeding machine has a simple structure and can realize hole disc seeding of pelleted vegetable seeds; and the bearings at the two ends of the seed-metering roller are detachably mounted on the bracket of the belt conveying platform, so that the seed-metering roller is convenient to disassemble and convenient to replace, one machine has multiple purposes, and the adaptability of the seeding machine is improved. Furthermore, the seed-metering roller comprises a roller shaft and a plurality of seeding discs sleeving the roller shaft, so that the seed-metering roller with different hole numbers can be assembled by replacing the seeding discs with different holes.

Description

A kind of cave dish vegetable-seed planter
Technical field
The utility model relates to the crop seeding technical field, particularly relates to a kind of cave dish vegetable-seed planter.
Background technology
Along with the continuous propelling of agricultural restructuring, industrialized agriculture is rapidly developed.A chief component of industrialized agriculture is facilities vegetable production, and grow seedlings of vegetable is one whole vegetables are produced to vital technology, and the seeding and growing seedling operation is that the important step of producing in facility is also one of link of labour intensity maximum.
At present, facilities vegetable is the point disk seedling growing technology that adopt in producing more, adopt the cave dish of lattice chamber to be grown seedlings, during sowing, one cave is one, one Room one strain during seedling, can control the seedling growth environment, be convenient to break away from the impact of natural environment, that this technology has is high-quality, high yield and be convenient to the characteristics such as standardized management.In facilities vegetable production, dish soil hole form in Application standard cave mainly contains squarely, and size is generally 540mm * 280mm, and because of cave pore diameter size difference, the hole number of facilities vegetable production is mainly between the 50-288 hole.
At present, China's facilities vegetable production scale is uneven, the mode of point disk seedling growing sowing according to facility separately production scale and condition difference mainly comprise artificial seeding and two kinds of modes of mechanical planting.
The artificial seeding leans on the people by one one lattice chamber of putting into seedling-cultivating tray of vegetable seeds, and this manual type labour intensity is large, operating efficiency is low, seeding quality is poor.
Mechanical planting is mainly to adopt various greenhouses precision seeder equipment to realize the precise sowing of cave dish, and these implanted devices mainly contain manual, semi or fully automatic seeding method; Its working method mainly contains two kinds, and a kind of is needle tubing aspiration type seeding mode, and a kind of is round roller type hole seeding method.
Needle tubing aspiration type seeding mode is mainly to utilize the vacuum adsorption type principle, utilize negative pressure that seed is adsorbed, move to top, seedling-cultivating tray lattice chamber Deng pin hole, seed has been put down to seeding operation, utilize the implanted device seeding accuracy of this mode high, strong adaptability to seed, when majority can meet sowing, line-spacing and cave are apart from adjustable requirement, and precise control, applicable profile is little, the seeding operation of irregular vegetable seeds, and the general automaticity of this equipment is higher, complex structure, speed of drilling is slower, and equipment price is high.
Round roller type hole seeding method is mainly in the situation that round roller is rotated, utilizing type hole on round roller to take vegetable seeds to below from the kind case of top, to fall into the lattice of seedling-cultivating tray indoor, require a type hole once can only be with a seed could realize precise sowing, utilize the implanted device of this mode to be applicable to the shape matching rule, the seed that profile is larger, less for profile, irregular seed, by seed is carried out to the pill pelletizing coating processing, after increasing volume, also can directly utilize type cellular type seeding unit to carry out precise sowing, the implanted device of this form is simple in structure, speed of drilling is fast, equipment price is lower.
What application was more at present is round roller type cellular type implanted device, the structure of existing round roller type cellular type implanted device as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the conveyer belt 3 driven on Belt Conveying platform 2 by motor 1 is rotated, and seedling-cultivating tray 4 is carried on conveyer belt 3, from feed mechanism below by; Feed mechanism is full of a seed from the kind case 6 on top by the type hole on seed-sowing roller 5, by the protection of protecting kind of device, move to seed-sowing roller 5 belows, relies on Action of Gravity Field to fall in the middle of the hole of seedling-cultivating tray 4, realizes the seeding operation; The regular arrangement of type hole 5a on seed-sowing roller 5, realize correspondingly from different Pan Shang hole, cave, and the linear velocity of the rotation of seed-sowing roller is identical with the conveyer belt pace, can realize that " zero " speed charges seed, and can improve seeding quality.
But, the seed-sowing roller 5 of existing round roller type cellular type sower adopts whole round roller formula, i.e. regular arrange type hole on cylindrical seed-sowing roller, the line number in type hole is corresponding with the line number of seedling-cultivating tray 4, seed-sowing roller 5 is fixing with the Belt Conveying platform 2 of sower, seed-sowing roller 5 can't be changed, and the seed-sowing roller in a kind of type hole can only be sowed for a kind of seedling-cultivating tray, has limited the application of sower.The seedling-cultivating tray of China's facilities vegetable production use is produced a lot of models is arranged for different vegetables at present, the hole number is between the 50-288 hole, existing type cellular type vegetable-seed planter can not meet the demand of different holes seedling-cultivating tray sowing, and range of application is little, has limited the application of type cellular type sower.
The utility model content
(1) technical problem that will solve
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is how to realize that the seed-sowing roller replacing is convenient.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of cave dish vegetable-seed planter, described sower comprises kind of a case, seed-sowing roller, protects kind of a device, cleaning device and Belt Conveying platform, described Belt Conveying platform is provided with support, the two ends of described seed-sowing roller are separately installed with clutch shaft bearing and the second bearing, and described clutch shaft bearing and the second bearing removably connect with described support respectively.
Further, described seed-sowing roller comprises roll shaft and is enclosed within a plurality of seed plates on described roll shaft, is respectively equipped with a plurality of types hole on each described seed plate.
Further, described support comprises the first rack side plate and the second rack side plate be arranged in parallel with described the first rack side plate, and described clutch shaft bearing and the second bearing are removably mounted on respectively on described the first rack side plate and the second rack side plate.
Further, described support also comprises the first seed-sowing roller side plate and the second seed-sowing roller side plate, described clutch shaft bearing and the second bearing are arranged on respectively described the first seed-sowing roller side plate and described the second seed-sowing roller side plate, described the first seed-sowing roller side plate and described the first rack side plate removably connect, and described the second seed-sowing roller side plate and described the second rack side plate removably connect.
Further, described the first seed-sowing roller side plate is connected by bolt assembly with described the first rack side plate, and described the second seed-sowing roller side plate is connected by screw assembly with described the second rack side plate.
Further, described the first seed-sowing roller side plate embeds in described the first rack side plate, and described the second seed-sowing roller side plate embeds in described the second rack side plate.
Further, described support also comprises the 3rd rack side plate and the 4th rack side plate be arranged in parallel with described the 3rd rack side plate, the two ends of described the 3rd rack side plate are connected with the second rack side plate with described the first rack side plate respectively, and the two ends of described the 4th rack side plate are connected with the second rack side plate respectively at described the first rack side plate.
(3) beneficial effect
A kind of cave dish vegetable-seed planter that technique scheme provides; simple in structure; can realize the vegetable seeds of pill is carried out to cave dish sowing; the bearing at seed-sowing roller two ends is removably mounted on the support on the Belt Conveying platform; make seed-sowing roller for convenience detach; seed-sowing roller is changed convenient, realizes a tractor serves several purposes, has improved the adaptability of sower.Further, seed-sowing roller comprises roll shaft and is enclosed within a plurality of seed plates on roll shaft, can, by changing the seed plate in different shaped hole, can be assembled into the seed-sowing roller of different holes number.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of round roller type cellular type sower in prior art;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of seed-sowing roller in prior art;
Fig. 3 is the front view of the utility model cave dish vegetable-seed planter;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of the utility model cave dish vegetable-seed planter;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of seed-sowing roller in the utility model (side plate and bearing are installed);
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of seed-sowing roller in the utility model (side plate and bearing are not installed).
Wherein, 1, motor; 2, Belt Conveying platform; 3, conveyer belt; 4, seedling-cultivating tray; 5, seed-sowing roller; 5a, type hole; 6, plant case; 10, plant case; 20, seed-sowing roller; 21, clutch shaft bearing; 22, the second bearing; 23, roll shaft; 24, seed plate; 20a, type hole; 30, protect kind of a device; 40, cleaning device; 50, support; 51, the first rack side plate; 52, the second rack side plate; 53, the first seed-sowing roller side plate; 54, the second seed-sowing roller side plate; 55, the 3rd rack side plate; 56, the 4th rack side plate; 60, synchronous pulley.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.Following examples are used for the utility model is described, but are not used for limiting scope of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, a kind of cave of the present utility model dish vegetable-seed planter, this sower comprises kind of case 10, seed-sowing roller 20, protects kind of device 30, cleaning device 40 and Belt Conveying platform 50, the Belt Conveying platform is provided with support 50, the two ends of seed-sowing roller 20 are separately installed with clutch shaft bearing 21 and the second bearing 22, and clutch shaft bearing 21 and the second bearing 22 removably connect with support 50 respectively, are convenient for changing seed-sowing roller, realize a tractor serves several purposes, improved the adaptability of sower.
As illustrated in Figures 5 and 6, preferably, the seed-sowing roller 20 of the present embodiment comprises roll shaft 23 and is enclosed within a plurality of seed plates 24 on this roll shaft 23, is respectively equipped with a plurality of types hole 20a on each seed plate 24.A row hole on the corresponding seedling-cultivating tray of type hole difference of each seed plate 24, the physical dimension of seed plate 24 is decided by the hole of seedling-cultivating tray, and the seeding operation of different seedling-cultivating trays only need to be changed corresponding seed plate.
Again as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, support 50 comprises the first rack side plate 51 and the second rack side plate 52 be arranged in parallel with this first rack side plate 51, clutch shaft bearing 21 is removably mounted on the first rack side plate 51, the second bearings 22 and is removably mounted on the second rack side plate 52.
Support 50 also comprises the first seed-sowing roller side plate 53 and the second seed-sowing roller side plate 54, clutch shaft bearing 21 is arranged on the first seed-sowing roller side plate 53, the second bearing 22 is arranged on the second seed-sowing roller side plate 54, wherein, the first seed-sowing roller side plate 53 and the first rack side plate 51 removably connect, and the second seed-sowing roller side plate 54 and the second rack side plate 52 removably connect.
The first seed-sowing roller side plate 53 is connected by bolt assembly with the first rack side plate 51, and the second seed-sowing roller side plate 54 is connected by screw assembly with the second rack side plate 52.
Preferably, the first seed-sowing roller side plate 53 embeds in the first rack side plate 51, and the second seed-sowing roller side plate 54 embeds in the second rack side plate 52.
The support 50 of the present embodiment also comprises the 3rd rack side plate 55 and the 4th rack side plate 56 be arranged in parallel with the 3rd rack side plate 55, the two ends of the 3rd rack side plate 55 are connected with the second rack side plate 52 with the first rack side plate 51 respectively, and the two ends of the 4th rack side plate 56 are connected with the second rack side plate 52 respectively at the first rack side plate 51.The first rack side plate 51, the second rack side plate 52, the 3rd rack side plate 55 and the 4th rack side plate 56 have formed the square box of a upper and lower opening, and seed-sowing roller 20 drops in this square casing.
A kind of cave dish vegetable-seed planter that technique scheme provides; its concrete course of work is: with the coaxial synchronous pulley be connected 60 of the roll shaft 23 of seed-sowing roller 20, by Timing Belt, with drive motors, be connected; driving seed-sowing roller 20 rotates; the type hole 20a of seed-sowing roller 20 is full of a seed from kind of case 10; cleaning device 40 is scraped back kind of a case 10 by unnecessary seed; seed in the 20a of type hole moves to seed-sowing roller 20 belows by the protection of protecting kind of device 30, relies on Action of Gravity Field to fall, and realizes the seeding operation.
Because seed-sowing roller 20 and the support 50 on the Belt Conveying platform removably connect, the bolt assembly that can be connected with the second rack side plate 52 with the first rack side plate 51 with the second seed-sowing roller side plate 54 by unclamping the first seed-sowing roller side plate 53, make seed-sowing roller 20 be communicated with the first seed-sowing roller side plate 53 disassembles from the first rack side plate 51 and the second rack side plate 52 together with the second seed-sowing roller side plate 54, then the first seed-sowing roller side plate 53 and the second seed-sowing roller side plate 54 are disassembled from seed-sowing roller 20, by changing the seed plate 24 of different shaped hole 20a, can be assembled into the seed-sowing roller 20 of different holes number, can realize a tractor serves several purposes of sower, meet the needs of different size seedling-cultivating tray sowing.
Cave provided by the utility model dish vegetable-seed planter, simple in structure, can realize the vegetable seeds of pill is carried out to cave dish sowing, seed-sowing roller is for convenience detach, and seed-sowing roller is changed convenient, realizes a tractor serves several purposes, has improved the adaptability of sower.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model know-why; can also make some improvement and replacement, these improvement and replacement also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. vegetable-seed planter is coiled in a cave, described sower comprises kind of a case, seed-sowing roller, protects kind of a device, cleaning device and Belt Conveying platform, it is characterized in that, described Belt Conveying platform is provided with support, the two ends of described seed-sowing roller are separately installed with clutch shaft bearing and the second bearing, and described clutch shaft bearing and the second bearing removably connect with described support respectively.
2. cave as claimed in claim 1 dish vegetable-seed planter, is characterized in that, described seed-sowing roller comprises roll shaft and is enclosed within a plurality of seed plates on described roll shaft, is respectively equipped with a plurality of types hole on each described seed plate.
3. vegetable-seed planter is coiled in cave as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described support comprises the first rack side plate and the second rack side plate be arranged in parallel with described the first rack side plate, and described clutch shaft bearing and the second bearing are removably mounted on respectively on described the first rack side plate and the second rack side plate.
4. vegetable-seed planter is coiled in cave as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described support also comprises the first seed-sowing roller side plate and the second seed-sowing roller side plate, described clutch shaft bearing and the second bearing are arranged on respectively described the first seed-sowing roller side plate and described the second seed-sowing roller side plate, described the first seed-sowing roller side plate and described the first rack side plate removably connect, and described the second seed-sowing roller side plate and described the second rack side plate removably connect.
5. cave as claimed in claim 4 dish vegetable-seed planter, is characterized in that, described the first seed-sowing roller side plate is connected by bolt assembly with described the first rack side plate, and described the second seed-sowing roller side plate is connected by screw assembly with described the second rack side plate.
6. cave as claimed in claim 4 dish vegetable-seed planter, is characterized in that, described the first seed-sowing roller side plate embeds in described the first rack side plate, and described the second seed-sowing roller side plate embeds in described the second rack side plate.
7. vegetable-seed planter is coiled in cave as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described support also comprises the 3rd rack side plate and the 4th rack side plate be arranged in parallel with described the 3rd rack side plate, the two ends of described the 3rd rack side plate are connected with the second rack side plate with described the first rack side plate respectively, and the two ends of described the 4th rack side plate are connected with the second rack side plate respectively at described the first rack side plate.
CN 201320383854 2013-06-28 2013-06-28 Hole disc vegetable seeding machine Expired - Lifetime CN203353105U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320383854 CN203353105U (en) 2013-06-28 2013-06-28 Hole disc vegetable seeding machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320383854 CN203353105U (en) 2013-06-28 2013-06-28 Hole disc vegetable seeding machine

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CN203353105U true CN203353105U (en) 2013-12-25

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320383854 Expired - Lifetime CN203353105U (en) 2013-06-28 2013-06-28 Hole disc vegetable seeding machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106171180A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-12-07 何爱民 The light-duty seeder of double-jacket tube dual disc nursery
CN108811627A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-16 许昌同兴现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of intelligence loading seeder sowing roller

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106171180A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-12-07 何爱民 The light-duty seeder of double-jacket tube dual disc nursery
CN108811627A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-16 许昌同兴现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of intelligence loading seeder sowing roller

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Granted publication date: 20131225