CN110463485A - A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like - Google Patents

A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110463485A
CN110463485A CN201910746556.8A CN201910746556A CN110463485A CN 110463485 A CN110463485 A CN 110463485A CN 201910746556 A CN201910746556 A CN 201910746556A CN 110463485 A CN110463485 A CN 110463485A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tree
saving
labor
column
protection method
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910746556.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈久红
马建江
王刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinjiang Production And Construction Corps Second Division Of Agricultural Science Research Institute
Original Assignee
Xinjiang Production And Construction Corps Second Division Of Agricultural Science Research Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang Production And Construction Corps Second Division Of Agricultural Science Research Institute filed Critical Xinjiang Production And Construction Corps Second Division Of Agricultural Science Research Institute
Priority to CN201910746556.8A priority Critical patent/CN110463485A/en
Publication of CN110463485A publication Critical patent/CN110463485A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0225Wind breakers, i.e. devices providing lateral protection of the plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0237Devices for protecting a specific part of a plant, e.g. roots, trunk or fruits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like, comprising the following steps: establishes column in Labor-saving efficient planting culture mode orchard;Cold-proof framework is set;External in cold-proof framework is laid with colour bar cloth;The cold-proof framework includes the vertical bar and cross bar of orthogonal setting, and the two sides of the cross bar are respectively arranged with first through hole, and the both side ends of the cross bar are socketed with the first rubber ring;The lower end of the vertical bar is equipped with the second through-hole, and the end of the vertical bar is plugged on the top of the column;The column is equipped with the first traction steel wire and the second traction steel wire;Third traction rope is equipped in the first through hole;The third traction rope is located between the first through hole of two adjacent cold-proof frameworks, and third traction rope is nylon rope;The end of vertical bar and the column grafting is socketed with the second rubber ring.Operation of the present invention is simple, works well, and can effectively prevent extreme weather, freeze injury etc., enhances tree vigo(u)r, improves percentage of fertile fruit, yield, realizes Sustainable high yield stable yields.

Description

A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting fruit trees technical field, specially a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like.
Background technique
Kuerle delicious pear is one of Xinjiang characteristic industry of planting forest or fruit tress pillar industry, is occupied an important position in the Fruits production of Xinjiang, With good Social benefit and economic benefit." name, excellent, special " fruit famous as Xinjiang, is not only the ground of Bazhou Areas Business card is managed, the well-known overseas symbol of China's Agricultural is also represented, is played in terms of foreign exchange earning, growth of agricultural efficiency, orchard worker Important function.Since labour lacks, the efficient dense planting pear tree cultivation technique of Labor-saving is introduced from Hebei within 2013, in recent years, Since the factors such as extreme weather takes place frequently, low temperature freezing-disaster have seriously affected the quality and yield of Kuerle delicious pear, low temperature freezing-disaster is fragrant Main limiting factor in pears industry development, often surprise attack suddenly property is stronger, prevention is too late, damage area is big, influence time for freeze injury It is long, a large amount of buds can not only be frozen to death so that yield degradation, serious or even cause the whole strain death of tree body and ruin garden, calamity The evil loss several years can not make up.In addition, freeze injury injured caused by tree body also frequently result in bergamot pear tree body next year occur rot Disease deteriorates weak tree vigo(u)r, yield decline, quality, drastically influences the production development of bergamot pear.
Conventional solution is in Labor-saving efficient planting culture mode theatre, and setting top is flat framework, In Colour bar cloth, fixed colour bar cloth are taken outside framework.The shortcomings that technology: snowy day needs clear away the snow in time, and accumulated snow is excessively easy to lead Framework is caused to be crushed out of shape;It can only be used in the orchard of shelter-forest, wind scale also results in framework inclination or askew at 6 grades or more in garden , bracket compressive resistance is not strong, and service life is short.
In order to solve the disadvantage that the prior art, it is desirable to provide one kind is stronger, wind resistance, anti-sleet, can protect pear tree again The Winter protection method that do not invaded and harassed by freeze injury.
Summary of the invention
To solve the above existing issue, the present invention provides a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like.The present invention passes through Following technical scheme is realized.
A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like, comprising the following steps: in the efficient planting culture mode fruit of Labor-saving Column is established in garden;Cold-proof framework is set;External in cold-proof framework is laid with colour bar cloth;The cold-proof framework includes orthogonal sets The vertical bar and cross bar set, the two sides of the cross bar are respectively arranged with first through hole, and the both side ends of the cross bar are socketed with first Rubber ring;The lower end of the vertical bar is equipped with the second through-hole, and the end of the vertical bar is plugged on the top of the column;The column It is equipped with the first traction steel wire and the second traction steel wire.
Preferably, third traction rope is equipped in the first through hole.
Preferably, the third traction rope is located between the first through hole of two adjacent cold-proof frameworks, and the third is led Messenger is nylon rope.
Preferably, the end of the vertical bar and the column grafting is socketed with the second rubber ring.
Preferably, the column is located at the spacing in the rows center of adjacent two pear tree.
Preferably, the column is hollow cement post.
Preferably, first traction steel wire and the second traction steel wire are installed in respectively between two adjacent columns.
Preferably, the cold-proof framework is stainless steel tube.
It is fixed it is furthermore preferred that colour bar cloth two sides are embedded in underground with soil, along colour bar cloth width side outside the colour bar cloth To fixed rope is equipped with, the fixed rope end is fixed on the ground by timber wedge.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like of the present invention is built in Labor-saving efficient planting culture mode orchard Set up defences on column, column cold framework, the external colour bar cloth that is laid with covers pear tree inside, and fixed tree is equipped between adjacent column Dry wirerope, cold-proof framework are equipped with first through hole and the first rubber ring, are set between two adjacent frameworks by first through hole There is the nylon rope of tool elasticity, the injury of wind, snow to entire orchard can be alleviated, and good growing environment can be created to fruit tree.
A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like of the present invention is easy to operate, works well, and can effectively prevent extreme day Gas, freeze injury etc., enhance tree vigo(u)r, and Sustainable high yield stable yields can be improved 2~3 DEG C of theatre temperature by this equipment, make pear tree from freezing Evil safe overwintering, makes pear tree shift to an earlier date the florescence 3~4 days, to improve percentage of fertile fruit, yield, can use for many years, convenient disassembly.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is that a kind of Winter protection method central post that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like of the specific embodiment of the invention 1 and framework are integrally tied Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is a kind of Winter protection method overall structure diagram that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like of the specific embodiment of the invention 2.
Wherein: 1. columns;2. cold-proof framework;3. colour bar cloth;4. vertical bar;5. cross bar;6. first through hole;7. the first rubber Ring;8. the second through-hole;9. the first traction steel wire;10. the second traction steel wire;11. third traction rope;12. the second rubber ring;13. Tree.
Specific embodiment
Technical solution of the present invention work specifically, is completely illustrated in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
Embodiment 1, a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like, comprising the following steps: (1) in the efficient dense planting of Labor-saving Column 1 is established in cultivation mode orchard, column is the hollow cement column of high 2.6m, and interval 10m sets a column, column between tree row It is embedded to underground 0.6m, and the position away from bottom 2.0m and 0.8m on column sets the first haulage cable 9 and the second traction respectively Wirerope 10, to fixed pear tree trunk.(2) cold-proof framework 2 is set, and cold-proof framework 2 is stainless steel tube;In cold-proof framework 2 Outside is laid with colour bar cloth 3.Cold-proof framework 2 includes the vertical bar 4 and cross bar 5 of orthogonal setting, the centre of cross bar 5 and vertical bar 4 top is affixed, and the bottom of vertical bar is plugged in the top hole of column 1.Vertical bar 4 is 1.9m high, is inserted into inside column 1 about 0.3m, vertical bar 4 are equipped with the second through-hole 8 away from the lower end position 0.3m, and vertical bar 4 and the end of 1 grafting of column are socketed with the second rubber Ring 12 can it is anti-skidding, reinforce combination between vertical bar 4 and column 1.Steel wire is crossed in second through-hole to consolidate vertical bar and column 1 It is fixed.The two sides of cross bar 5 are respectively arranged with first through hole 6, are fixed with diameter between the first through hole in two adjacent columnss and are The nylon rope of 0.6cm has certain elasticity between nylon rope, can delay snowing or blowing weather to entire cold-proof structure Punching, prevents the pear tree between column from being wrecked.The both ends of cross bar 5 are socketed with the first rubber ring 7, prevent colour bar cloth from being ground by steel pipe It is bad.
Further, colour bar cloth 13 is 30m long, wide 10m.The extra colour bar cloth in tree two sides is buried with soil, and every 10m It is fixed with the cloth of wide 4cm, long 9m, cloth is tied up on timber wedge, and then timber wedge is inserted into soil and is fixed.Colour bar cloth and colour bar cloth Intersection is fixed with thin wire, is set capable both ends and is reserved the colour bar cloth of 6m long, buried with soil, and fix, prevents by big wind It is bad.
Obviously, described embodiment is only separate embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the present invention In embodiment, all other implementation obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts, Belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like, comprising the following steps: in Labor-saving efficient planting culture mode orchard In establish column (1);Cold-proof framework (2) are set;External in cold-proof framework (2) is laid with colour bar cloth (3);It is characterized by:
The cold-proof framework (2) includes the vertical bar (4) and cross bar (5) of orthogonal setting, and the two sides of the cross bar (5) are set respectively It is equipped with first through hole (6), the both side ends of the cross bar (5) are socketed with the first rubber ring (7);
The lower end of the vertical bar (4) is equipped with the second through-hole (8), and the end of the vertical bar (4) is plugged on the top of the column (1) Portion;
The column (1) is equipped with the first traction steel wire (9) and the second traction steel wire (10).
2. a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the first through hole (6) third traction rope (11) are equipped in.
3. a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the third traction Rope (11) is located between the first through hole of the cold-proof framework (2) of adjacent two, and the third traction rope (11) is nylon rope.
4. a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the vertical bar (4) The second rubber ring (12) are socketed with the end of the column (1) grafting.
5. a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the column (1) It is located at the spacing in the rows center of adjacent two pear tree.
6. a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the column (1) For hollow cement post.
7. a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: first traction Steel wire (9) and the second traction steel wire (10) are installed in respectively between two adjacent columns (1).
8. a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cold-proof framework It (2) is stainless steel tube.
9. a kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like according to any one of claims 1 to 8, it is characterised in that: institute It states colour bar cloth two sides and is embedded in underground with soil and fix, be equipped with fixed rope along colour bar cloth width direction outside the colour bar cloth, it is described solid Determine rope end portion to fix on the ground by timber wedge.
CN201910746556.8A 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like Pending CN110463485A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910746556.8A CN110463485A (en) 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910746556.8A CN110463485A (en) 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110463485A true CN110463485A (en) 2019-11-19

Family

ID=68510620

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910746556.8A Pending CN110463485A (en) 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110463485A (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2896858Y (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-05-09 张全英 Grape rainproof shed
KR20110009342U (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-10-05 권상현 Guard for branch weeping of fruit trees
CN104885868A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-09 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 Independent Y-shaped pergola building method applicable to mountain halfpace pear garden
CN204860380U (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-16 北京中农富通园艺有限公司 Grape rain sheltering cultivation rack
CN105309242A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-02-10 锡山区先锋家庭农场 Combined type wind barrier for plantation
CN108651143A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-10-16 新疆农业科学院园艺作物研究所 A kind of cultivating stand and cultural method that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright
CN208590337U (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-03-12 甘肃农业大学 Fructus lycii radix saposhnikoviae high-yield culturing hedge frame

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2896858Y (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-05-09 张全英 Grape rainproof shed
KR20110009342U (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-10-05 권상현 Guard for branch weeping of fruit trees
CN104885868A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-09 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 Independent Y-shaped pergola building method applicable to mountain halfpace pear garden
CN204860380U (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-16 北京中农富通园艺有限公司 Grape rain sheltering cultivation rack
CN105309242A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-02-10 锡山区先锋家庭农场 Combined type wind barrier for plantation
CN208590337U (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-03-12 甘肃农业大学 Fructus lycii radix saposhnikoviae high-yield culturing hedge frame
CN108651143A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-10-16 新疆农业科学院园艺作物研究所 A kind of cultivating stand and cultural method that suitable northern grape anti-day is bright

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Lyford et al. Development of the root system of Acer rubrum L.
CN102487707A (en) Method for cultivating pitaya
CN104584974A (en) Apocarya hedgerow-shaped tree form and shaping method thereof
CN102119645B (en) Novel amurgrape gobi culture method
CN110679409A (en) Double-layer vertical curtain type frame building cultivation method for passion fruit
Gilman et al. Root pruning at planting and planting depth in the nursery impact root system morphology and anchorage
CN104770241A (en) Banana lodging-proof support and support net formed by utilizing structure of banana lodging-proof support
CN203194230U (en) Banana frame integrated device for enhancing strong wind resistance and lodging resistance of banana plants
CN102119593A (en) Hill land orchard water-saving culture technology
CN204498924U (en) A kind of banana lodging-prevention support and the support network utilizing it to construct
CN104904558A (en) Method for planting oblique horizontal long-stem pruning grape with double-layer flat canopy frame
CN105594555A (en) Water conservation function dominated reconstruction method for mixed forest of Larix principis-rupprechtii
CN110463485A (en) A kind of Winter protection method that pear tree Labor-saving is tree-like
CN110622646B (en) Ecological utilization method for Mongolian plateau grassland snow currents
CN104686281A (en) Novel grape trellis
CN205082334U (en) Novel dragon fruit built structure
CN210445086U (en) Simple rain-sheltering and frost-preventing facility for preventing sweet cherry from cracking in case of rain in mature period
CN213044463U (en) A shelter from rain rack that is used for preventing and control kiwi fruit canker that can collect rainwater
Hrotkó et al. Effect of rootstocks on vigor and productivity in high density cherry orchards
CN104115726A (en) Banana support integrated device capable of enhancing strong wind resistance and lodging resistance of banana plants
CN210352394U (en) Draw curtain formula sweet cherry cultivation device that takes shelter from rain
Gilman et al. Effect of tree size, root pruning, and production method on establishment of Quercus virginiana
Gilman Anchorage influenced by production method and root pruning
CN204132086U (en) A kind of dismountable viticulture frame type
Wilson et al. Longevity and persistence of alder west of the tree line on the Seward Peninsula, Alaska

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20191119