CN110177629A - 用于生产管道的装焊机 - Google Patents

用于生产管道的装焊机 Download PDF

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CN110177629A
CN110177629A CN201780083719.8A CN201780083719A CN110177629A CN 110177629 A CN110177629 A CN 110177629A CN 201780083719 A CN201780083719 A CN 201780083719A CN 110177629 A CN110177629 A CN 110177629A
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pipe
roller
welding
welding equipment
equipment bracket
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CN110177629B (zh
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亚历山大·伊戈里维奇·罗曼特索夫
米哈伊尔·阿列克桑德罗维奇·费多罗夫
安东·阿列克桑德罗维奇·切纳耶夫
亚历山大·奥列戈维奇·科特洛夫
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Cherry Abinsk Pipe Rolling Unit Public Joint Stock Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/20Bonding
    • B23K26/21Bonding by welding
    • B23K26/24Seam welding
    • B23K26/26Seam welding of rectilinear seams
    • B23K26/262Seam welding of rectilinear seams of longitudinal seams of tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • B23K37/0282Carriages forming part of a welding unit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C37/00Manufacture of metal sheets, bars, wire, tubes or like semi-manufactured products, not otherwise provided for; Manufacture of tubes of special shape
    • B21C37/06Manufacture of metal sheets, bars, wire, tubes or like semi-manufactured products, not otherwise provided for; Manufacture of tubes of special shape of tubes or metal hoses; Combined procedures for making tubes, e.g. for making multi-wall tubes
    • B21C37/08Making tubes with welded or soldered seams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C37/00Manufacture of metal sheets, bars, wire, tubes or like semi-manufactured products, not otherwise provided for; Manufacture of tubes of special shape
    • B21C37/06Manufacture of metal sheets, bars, wire, tubes or like semi-manufactured products, not otherwise provided for; Manufacture of tubes of special shape of tubes or metal hoses; Combined procedures for making tubes, e.g. for making multi-wall tubes
    • B21C37/15Making tubes of special shape; Making tube fittings
    • B21C37/154Making multi-wall tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/0093Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring combined with mechanical machining or metal-working covered by other subclasses than B23K
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/08Devices involving relative movement between laser beam and workpiece
    • B23K26/083Devices involving movement of the workpiece in at least one axial direction
    • B23K26/0838Devices involving movement of the workpiece in at least one axial direction by using an endless conveyor belt
    • B23K26/0846Devices involving movement of the workpiece in at least one axial direction by using an endless conveyor belt for moving elongated workpieces longitudinally, e.g. wire or strip material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/20Bonding
    • B23K26/21Bonding by welding
    • B23K26/24Seam welding
    • B23K26/28Seam welding of curved planar seams
    • B23K26/282Seam welding of curved planar seams of tube sections
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/346Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring in combination with welding or cutting covered by groups B23K5/00 - B23K25/00, e.g. in combination with resistance welding
    • B23K26/348Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring in combination with welding or cutting covered by groups B23K5/00 - B23K25/00, e.g. in combination with resistance welding in combination with arc heating, e.g. TIG [tungsten inert gas], MIG [metal inert gas] or plasma welding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K31/00Processes relevant to this subclass, specially adapted for particular articles or purposes, but not covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K31/02Processes relevant to this subclass, specially adapted for particular articles or purposes, but not covered by only one of the preceding main groups relating to soldering or welding
    • B23K31/027Making tubes with soldering or welding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K31/00Processes relevant to this subclass, specially adapted for particular articles or purposes, but not covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K31/10Processes relevant to this subclass, specially adapted for particular articles or purposes, but not covered by only one of the preceding main groups relating to cutting or desurfacing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/053Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work aligning cylindrical work; Clamping devices therefor
    • B23K37/0531Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work aligning cylindrical work; Clamping devices therefor internal pipe alignment clamps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/053Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work aligning cylindrical work; Clamping devices therefor
    • B23K37/0533Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work aligning cylindrical work; Clamping devices therefor external pipe alignment clamps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/053Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work aligning cylindrical work; Clamping devices therefor
    • B23K37/0538Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work aligning cylindrical work; Clamping devices therefor for rotating tubes, e.g. rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/04Tubular or hollow articles
    • B23K2101/06Tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/18Sheet panels

Abstract

用于生产管道的装焊机,包含:管坯进给装置,所述管坯进给装置具有辊道,所述辊道具有纵向轴线并且穿过装焊支架,其径向压紧的辊梁旨在减小沿着所述辊道行进的管坯;纵向取向的导刀,以及带有辊的小车,使得所述辊能够在移动通过所述装焊支架的所述管坯的内表面上旋转。在装焊支架的支撑元件上存在激光焊头或激光‑电弧复合焊头,所述焊头可以在横向方向和竖直方向上以及围绕纵向轴线行进。所述小车通过垂直取向和纵向连接的刀与所述装焊支架的所述支撑元件刚性连接。所述导刀旨在用于在12点钟位置通过边缘开口定位管坯,并安装在所述装焊支架的所述支撑元件上,所述支撑元件被构造成使得能够垂直行进和固定。在所述小车上,存在面向上的压紧辊,它可以在垂直方向上行进,以从内侧作用于管坯的边缘,而其中一个辊梁垂直安装并且可以从外侧作用于所述管坯边缘。技术成果:采用激光技术进行根部施焊,保证管坯边缘的对齐,而不论管坯的尺寸如何。

Description

用于生产管道的装焊机
本发明涉及大口径管道的生产,特别涉及采用激光焊和激光-电弧复合焊的管道焊接设备。
由于激光焊和激光-电弧复合焊技术的使用,需要用于生产管道的新设备,从而确保符合对焊接质量的高要求。
已知一种技术解决方案,该解决方案描述了用于具有有限长度的直缝大口径管道的装焊机,其表现为焊接架,该焊接架具有用于不同尺寸的管坯的可更换芯轴并且配备有刚性连接到支架结构元件的内部芯轴,使用在尚未闭合的管坯的开口边缘之间通过的刀,并且配备有在管坯通过支架时沿管坯的内表面旋转的辊(最接近的等效物在实用新型专利RU No.129853中描述)。
在已知的焊机中,芯轴可以更换,以适应不同的管道尺寸。
因此,当使用这种技术方案时,存在从一种管道尺寸到另一种管道尺寸的焊机转换的技术问题,这会耗费时间。这还可能导致需要额外的芯轴存放区域。
另一个技术问题是管坯的边缘不能针对施焊而对齐,这是焊接质量的主要因素。
还应注意的是,使用激光技术时,已知的焊机仍不能适用于管坯外侧的施焊。
该技术问题涉及开发用于生产管道的装焊机,这种焊机确保使用激光技术实现根部施焊以实现技术效果,即,在外侧焊接期间可以对不同尺寸的管道施焊同时保证管坯边缘的对齐。
所提出的用于生产管道的装焊机包含:管坯进给装置,该管坯进给装置具有辊道,该辊道具有纵向轴线并且穿过装焊支架,其径向压紧的辊梁旨在减小沿着辊道行进的管坯;纵向取向的导刀;以及带有辊的小车,使得辊能够在移动通过装焊支架的管坯的内表面上旋转,同时在装焊支架的支撑元件上,存在激光焊头或激光-电弧复合焊头,该焊头可沿横向方向和垂直方向并围绕纵向轴线行进;该小车通过垂直取向和纵向连接的刀与装焊支架的支撑元件刚性连接;该导刀旨在用于在12点钟位置通过边缘开口定位管坯,并安装在装焊支架的支撑元件上,该支撑元件被构造成使得能够垂直行进和固定;在小车上,存在朝向上的压紧辊,它可以在垂直方向上行进,以从内侧作用于管坯的边缘,而其中一个辊梁垂直安装并且可以从外侧作用于管坯边缘。
该技术问题的解决方案涉及包括在装焊支架中并且安装在装焊支架的支撑元件上的新装置(即,激光焊头或激光-电弧复合焊头)的可用性,该焊头被构造成相对于装焊支架的规定纵向轴线在横向方向上垂直和水平行进以及在角方向上(围绕纵向轴线)行进。
穿过装焊支架的辊道使得能够在管坯连续通过时减小管坯,其中管坯边缘位于12点钟的指定位置。
位于管坯内的压紧辊和直立辊梁的功能使得管坯边缘在焊接之前能够相对于彼此对齐。因此,管坯边缘在顶侧和底侧对齐。
由于边缘被外侧的辊梁且被止推辊同时被径向横跨管坯的整个区段的辊梁压紧,这确保了边缘接头的组装精度并使得能够连续焊接根部焊缝。
上述内容意味着所提出的焊机是通用的,即它可以用于在不同尺寸的管坯的外侧上进行焊接,因为可以将压紧辊的高度一直调整到管坯的内表面。
因此,本发明包含功能上相互关联且结构上一致的属性,这些属性使得能够使用安装在管坯外侧的焊头,而不论管坯的尺寸如何。
将用附图来解释本发明:
-图1-全视图(侧视图);
-图2-全视图(左视图);
-图3-焊接小车的全视图(侧视图);
-图4-焊接小车的全视图(俯视图)。
装焊机包含用于用辊道3供给管坯2的安装设备1、具有压紧辊梁5的焊装支架4、小车6、导刀7、8、具有焊接电源和位于其上的焊接材料(无品目编号)的工艺桥9。在装焊支架4上还存在激光-电弧复合焊头10,它具有使得能够实现垂直、水平和角向运动的调节器系统。
小车6配备有止推辊11以及用于调节压紧辊和焊头10的高度的机构12。此类机构将被制成液压缸(图中未示出)。
焊接小车配备有用于识别切口并将焊头指向管坯边缘的接头的标准设备(图中未示出)。
焊机控制站13位于支架4旁边。
在供给管坯以用于根部施焊之前,通过压紧辊梁5的移动来调节装焊支架4,使用机构12使止推辊11升高/降低,使用调节器系统使焊头10升高/降低,并在控制台13处设置焊接模式。然后,将成型的管坯2供应给焊机,在焊机中,通过在12点钟位置打开边缘,用刀7定位管坯。如果需要,刀7进一步打开边缘以使刀8通过。管坯通过管道进给装置1移动到焊接区中,同时小车被引入管坯的空腔中,从而使得小车6的辊旋转。在进给到工作区的同时,管坯因辊梁5而减小。连接到液压机构的垂直辊梁通过在外侧上施加力而使管坯的边缘相对于彼此对准,而止推辊11则在内侧上使边缘对齐。其他辊梁减小管坯以使边缘合在一起,然后管坯停止以将焊头10指向边缘的接头。
激光焊头或激光-电弧复合焊头使用基于典型伺服驱动器的调节装置系统安装在装焊支架的支撑元件上。
使用调节装置系统,焊头直接设置在切口的中间。控制台13处的操作员检查焊接模式,如果需要,则调整焊接模式。
因此,根据所需的工艺参数,焊头在管坯的外侧(无论尺寸如何)对预先对齐的边缘施加连续的根部焊接。

Claims (1)

1.用于生产管道的装焊机,包含:管坯进给装置,所述管坯进给装置具有辊道,所述辊道具有纵向轴线并且穿过装焊支架,其径向压紧的辊梁旨在减小沿着所述辊道行进的管坯;和纵向取向的导刀,以及带有辊的小车,使得所述辊能够在移动通过所述装焊支架的所述管坯的内表面上旋转,同时在所述装焊支架的支撑元件上,存在激光焊头或激光-电弧复合焊头,所述焊头可沿横向方向和垂直方向并围绕纵向轴线行进;所述小车通过垂直取向和纵向连接的刀与所述装焊支架的所述支撑元件刚性连接;所述导刀旨在用于在12点钟位置通过边缘开口定位管坯,并安装在所述装焊支架的所述支撑元件上,所述支撑元件被构造成使得能够垂直行进和固定;在所述小车上,存在朝向上的压紧辊,它可以在垂直方向上行进,以从内侧作用于管坯的边缘,而其中一个辊梁垂直安装并且可以从外侧作用于所述管坯边缘。
CN201780083719.8A 2017-01-16 2017-12-05 用于生产管道的装焊机 Active CN110177629B (zh)

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CA3051707A1 (en) 2018-07-19
UA124980C2 (uk) 2021-12-22
WO2018132034A1 (ru) 2018-07-19
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US20210245307A1 (en) 2021-08-12
DE112017006843T5 (de) 2019-09-26

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