CN110005222A - A kind of passive solar house of the vertical air chimney of parlor band - Google Patents

A kind of passive solar house of the vertical air chimney of parlor band Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110005222A
CN110005222A CN201910274217.4A CN201910274217A CN110005222A CN 110005222 A CN110005222 A CN 110005222A CN 201910274217 A CN201910274217 A CN 201910274217A CN 110005222 A CN110005222 A CN 110005222A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vertical air
air chimney
room
parlor
band
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910274217.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李清
马令勇
张桐赫
李栋
张永益
刘昌宇
Original Assignee
东北石油大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 东北石油大学 filed Critical 东北石油大学
Priority to CN201910274217.4A priority Critical patent/CN110005222A/en
Publication of CN110005222A publication Critical patent/CN110005222A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/02Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/02Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant
    • E04D3/06Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant of glass or other translucent material; Fixing means therefor
    • E04D3/08Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant of glass or other translucent material; Fixing means therefor with metal glazing bars
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F17/00Vertical ducts; Channels, e.g. for drainage
    • E04F17/04Air-ducts or air channels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination, staggered storeys small buildings
    • E04H1/02Dwelling houses; Buildings for temporary habitation, e.g. summer houses
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
    • E04C2003/0426Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by material distribution in cross section
    • E04C2003/043Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by material distribution in cross section the hollow cross-section comprising at least one enclosed cavity

Abstract

A kind of passive solar house of the vertical air chimney of parlor band, it is related to building structure technology field, it includes room body, transparent inclined roof, wind-proof type door socket, attached sunspace and vertical air chimney in the south, room body is south-north direction building body, roof is transparent inclined roof in the south at the top of room body, wind-proof type door socket is equipped in the middle part of room body, it is attached sunspace in room body that room body roof, which is equipped with vertical air chimney,.The passive solar house of this vertical air chimney of parlor band.The passive solar house of this vertical air chimney of parlor band play heat preservation, it is heat-insulated, ventilation the effects of.

Description

A kind of passive solar house of the vertical air chimney of parlor band

Technical field

The present invention relates to building structure technology fields, and in particular to a kind of passive type sun of the vertical air chimney of parlor band Room.

Background technique

Northern frore area grange is in winter to burn coal, stalk as main heating system, and this way was both Waste of energy, and pollute environment.Make charcoal, instantaneous energy caused by this heating mode of stalk it is very high, but one stop burning, Temperature declines quickly, can not accomplish long-time heating;Thermal losses is big, and energy waste is very serious.General grange heat preservation Property is poor, and heat losses are fast, increase the waste of the energy.Burning coal, stalk are warmed oneself, and cause serious environmental pollution, are accelerated The formation of haze.Solar energy effectively utilizes solar energy as a kind of energy of environmental protection, just needs to go to inquire at us With the project of research.The select permeability of the grange winter heating energy is exactly opened one by the appearance of passive solar house A new opening, a new direction.Passive solar house, cardinal principle are in the south of house plus an additional sunlight Between, not only made a big door socket, but also absorb the heat of storage solar energy, cold wind is made not permeate bedroom etc. directly mainly with room, winter Play the role of heat preservation isolation cold air, the use for reducing the energy and waste, reduces environmental pollution, protects environment.This solar energy housing Simple structure, low cost, heat insulation effect is good, is suitble to use in severe cold area grange.

Summary of the invention

In place of overcoming above-mentioned the shortcomings of the prior art, and it is vertical to provide a kind of parlor band The passive solar house of air chimney, it play heat preservation, it is heat-insulated, ventilation the effects of.

The technical solution adopted by the present invention are as follows: a kind of passive solar house of the vertical air chimney of parlor band, including room body, the south Transparent inclined roof, wind-proof type door socket, attached sunspace and vertical air chimney, room body are south-north direction building body, room body top Portion roof is transparent inclined roof in the south, and wind-proof type door socket is equipped in the middle part of room body, and room body roof is equipped with vertical air chimney, room It is in vivo attached sunspace.

The north wall body of the room body is accumulation of heat wall, and the vertical air chimney is set on the roof of room body north side.

The transparent inclined roof in described the south is connected with each other by several pieces of double layer hollow heat insulation glass, the hollow guarantor of adjacent double-layers It is connected between warm glass by metal frame, several metal frames form supporting frame, and metal frame is externally provided with steel hollow purlin.

The steel hollow purlin is coated with dark paint on one side on the sunny side, and excess-three face is coated with thermal insulation paint.

The steel hollow purlin top and bottom are equipped with opening, and the opening of upper end is equipped with magnet closing device.

The magnet closing device includes weather shield, pull rod and magnet, and weather shield is connect with L-type strut, and L row strut is equipped with Pull rod, L-type strut end is attracted by the upper end opening of magnet and hollow purlin to be closed.

The storm porch is located at outside attached sunspace, is made of alloy sandwich wall, and alloy sandwich wall is two layers of alloy Epidermis is sealed to form with insulation filling materials, and insulation filling materials are styrofoam.

The vertical air chimney is the phase-change material that double layer glass is dosed, and phase-change material is paraffin.

The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the passive solar house of this vertical air chimney of parlor band, by transparent inclined roof in the south, Wind-proof type door socket, vertical air chimney and attached sunspace composition;Wherein attached sunspace is by made of metal frame and glass curtain Wall composition;Glass curtain wall is divided into four parts, the gable in east side and west side, inclined inclined roof in the south, inclined glass in the south Curtain wall;This sunspace has heat preservation, heat-insulated, the function of ventilation;Vertical air chimney, indoors outer generation hot pressing or wind pressure In the case of allow indoor and outdoor air to circulate, play the role of indoor and outdoor air circulation, reduce indoor air temperature;Storm porch plays anti- Wind, heat preservation, the effect of buffering.

Detailed description of the invention:

Fig. 1 is perspective view of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is magnet closing device structure of the present invention.

Specific embodiment:

Referring to each figure, a kind of passive solar house of the vertical air chimney of parlor band, including room body 1, transparent inclined roof in the south 2, wind-proof type door socket 3, attached sunspace 4 and vertical air chimney 5, room body 1 are south-north direction building body, 1 top roof of room body For transparent inclined roof 2 in the south, it is equipped with wind-proof type door socket 3 in the middle part of room body 1,1 roof of room body is equipped with vertical air chimney 5, room It is attached sunspace 4 in body 1.The north wall body of the room body 1 is accumulation of heat wall, and the vertical air chimney 5 is set to room body On the roof of north side.The transparent inclined roof 2 in described the south is connected with each other by several pieces of double layer hollow heat insulation glass, adjacent It is connected between double layer hollow heat insulation glass by metal frame, several metal frames form supporting frame, and metal frame is externally provided with steel Hollow purlin.The steel hollow purlin is coated with dark paint on one side on the sunny side, and excess-three face is coated with thermal insulation paint.The steel Hollow purlin top and bottom are equipped with opening, and the opening of upper end is equipped with magnet closing device.The magnet closing device packet Weather shield 6, pull rod 7 and magnet 8 are included, weather shield 6 is connect with L-type strut, and L row strut is equipped with pull rod 7, and L-type strut end is logical The upper end opening for crossing magnet 8 and hollow purlin attracts closure.The storm porch 3 is located at outside attached sunspace 4, is pressed from both sides by alloy Core-wall body is constituted, and alloy sandwich wall is that two layers of alloy epidermis is sealed to form with insulation filling materials, and insulation filling materials are styrofoam. The vertical air chimney 5 is the phase-change material that double layer glass is dosed, and phase-change material is paraffin.

The passive solar house of this vertical air chimney of parlor band is had by transparent inclined roof in the south, wind-proof type door socket, parlor Grange, vertical air chimney and the attached sunspace composition of vertical air chimney.Wherein attached sunspace is by made of metal Frame and glass curtain wall form;Glass curtain wall is divided into four parts, the gable in east side and west side, inclined inclined roof in the south, south The inclined glass curtain wall in face;This sunspace has heat preservation, heat-insulated, the function of ventilation.Parlor has vertical air chimney, indoors It allows indoor and outdoor air to circulate in the case where outer generation hot pressing or wind pressure, plays the role of indoor and outdoor air circulation, reduce indoor Temperature.Storm porch plays radix saposhnikoviae, heat preservation, the effect of buffering.

Transparent inclined roof 2 and attached sunspace 4 in the south are integrated glass curtain wall structure, are supported by metal framework, outside curtain wall Longitudinal purlin play support, draining, circulation room air and decoration effect.

Transparent inclined roof 2 and attached sunspace 4 in the south are double seal plastic-steel window glass curtain wall structure.

Metal support frame be it is hollow, dark colour paint is coated in the south, and steel hollow purlin not only makees support construction, but also is ventilation shaft. Steel hollow purlin all coats heat-preserving plastic paint except the south, to guarantee that the air themperature in steel hollow purlin pipe is higher than room It is interior;Steel hollow purlin lower end and upper end are all inwardly open, as ventilation opening.Air in solar energy housing is carried out using the principle of hot pressing Microcirculation.

Steel hollow purlin upper end opening is manual control, has a pull rod to extend to house lower end, can carry out switch-mode regulation;On Magnet closing device is designed as at end opening.

It is magnet closing device such as Fig. 2 at steel hollow purlin upper end opening, this device shape is L-type, is divided into weather shield 6, draws Bar 7 and magnet 8;Pull rod 7 extends always from roof upper end, and when use only needs to push and pull pull rod 7 and can be carried out indoor and outdoor The adjusting of air circulation;Pull rod 7 above pushes away, and L-type switchs upper end and steel hollow purlin is open and above attracts closure along by magnet 8, Air is recycled with room air in steel hollow purlin;Pull rod 7 pulls down, and L-type switchs lower end and steel hollow purlin is open Lower edge attracts closure by magnet 8, and air is recycled with outdoor air in steel hollow purlin.Weather shield 6 is taken under freedom , both kept off the rain prevents from rainwater from climbing wall entering in steel hollow purlin by dripping.

Transparent inclined roof 2 in the south is sloped roof, makes itself and 90 degree of sun irradiation angle, conducive to the absorption of solar energy.South The transparent inclined roof 2 in face and attached sunspace 4 have additional sun visor, reduce summer solar radiant heat.Attached sunspace 4 has and can open Windowpane is opened, is aerated heat dissipation for waiting at high temperature

Vertical air chimney 5 is the phase-change material that double layer glass is dosed, and phase-change material is paraffin.Vertical air chimney 5 exists Lower end, top set several openings, and lower ending opening height is to open the form of small window away from ground 200mm;Upper end opening is the shape of plate Formula can be voluntarily opened and closed as needed.

Wind-proof type door socket 3 is located at the outside of attached sunspace 4, and wind-proof type door socket is made of alloy sandwich wall, main entrance the southeast To unlatching, prevent the intrusion of winter northwester.

The east of room body, west, north exterior wall require to do external thermal insulation, and material is styrofoam.Guarantee that building enclosure has good storage Thermal energy power.

Ceiling with vertical air chimney is to be opened/closed, unlatching when needing solarization in winter, and night closes heat preservation, It is closed when summer.Ceiling outermost layer has closed glass sunroof, and glass sunroof is not turned on.Ceiling heat insulating ability to be opened/closed Good light weight composite material is made.In parlor, wall is Heat Storing Wall northernmost, and sufficient sunlight, storage heat are absorbed when ceiling is opened Amount, heat release when night reduce the indoor temperature difference.

Transparent inclined roof 2 and attached sunspace 4 in the south are integrated glass curtain wall structure, are supported by metal framework, outside curtain wall Longitudinal purlin play support, draining, circulation room air and decoration effect, be double seal plastic-steel window glass curtain wall Structure.Metal support frame be it is hollow, dark colour paint is coated in the south, and purlin not only makees support construction, but also is ventilation shaft.Purlin is except south Heat-preserving plastic paint is all coated in face, to guarantee that the air themperature in purlin pipe is higher than interior;It is all inwardly opened with upper end purlin lower end Mouthful, as ventilation opening.Room air microcirculation is carried out using the principle of hot pressing.When cold air inside enters from metal framework lower part Inner air tube is heated using sunlight when lower portion, heated air flow to the upper end of purlin by hot pressing, is formed The microcirculation of room air.One light reflective sunshading plate to be opened/closed is set in solar energy housing, for blocking excessive sunlight.

In the outside of attached sunspace 4, door socket in the vertical direction is made wind-proof type door socket 3 of sandwich wall, is two blocks of gold Belong to plate and press from both sides thermal insulation material, storm porch is dark color, is conducive to absorb sunlight, heats the air in door socket;The opening direction of door socket For southeastern direction, the cold wind intrusion in winter is reduced.

Effectively indoor environment is maintained to stablize, improves winter indoor air quality.Maintain indoor air temperature constant using solar energy housing, Vertical air chimney balances indoor air temperature.The invention both in-door temperature and air quality, applied widely, structure is simple, It is easy to process, complicated mechanical erection and construction, energy conservation and environmental protection are avoided, Contemporary Architecture Energy Conservation demand is met.

In conclusion the passive solar house of this vertical air chimney of parlor band, by transparent inclined roof in the south, wind-proof type door Bucket, vertical air chimney and attached sunspace composition;Wherein attached sunspace is made of made of metal frame with glass curtain wall;Glass Glass curtain wall is divided into four parts, the gable in east side and west side, inclined inclined roof in the south, inclined glass curtain wall in the south;This sun There is heat preservation, heat-insulated, the function of ventilation between light;Vertical air chimney allows in the case where outer generation hot pressing or wind pressure indoors Indoor and outdoor air circulation plays the role of indoor and outdoor air circulation, reduces indoor air temperature;Storm porch plays radix saposhnikoviae, keeps the temperature, and delays The effect of punching.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of passive solar house of the vertical air chimney of parlor band, it is characterised in that: transparent including room body (1), the south Inclined roof (2), wind-proof type door socket (3), attached sunspace (4) and vertical air chimney (5), room body (1) are south-north direction building Body, room body (1) top roof are transparent inclined roof (2) in the south, are equipped with wind-proof type door socket (3) in the middle part of room body (1), room body (1) Roof is equipped with vertical air chimney (5), is in room body (1) attached sunspace (4).
2. a kind of passive solar house of vertical air chimney of parlor band according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Room body (1) north wall body be accumulation of heat wall, the vertical air chimney (5) be set to room body north side roof on.
3. a kind of passive solar house of vertical air chimney of parlor band according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described The transparent inclined roof (2) in the south be connected with each other by several pieces of double layer hollow heat insulation glass, adjacent double-layers hollow insulation glass It is connected between glass by metal frame, several metal frames form supporting frame, and metal frame is externally provided with steel hollow purlin.
4. a kind of passive solar house of vertical air chimney of parlor band according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described Steel hollow purlin be coated with dark paint on one side on the sunny side, excess-three face is coated with thermal insulation paint.
5. a kind of passive solar house of vertical air chimney of parlor band according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described Steel hollow purlin top and bottom be equipped with opening, the opening of upper end is equipped with magnet closing device.
6. a kind of passive solar house of vertical air chimney of parlor band according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described Magnet closing device include weather shield (6), pull rod (7) and magnet (8), weather shield (6) is connect with L-type strut, on L row strut Equipped with pull rod (7), L-type strut end is attracted by the upper end opening of magnet (8) and hollow purlin to be closed.
7. a kind of passive solar house of vertical air chimney of parlor band according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Storm porch (3) be located at attached sunspace (4) outside, be made of alloy sandwich wall, alloy sandwich wall be two layers of alloy table Skin is sealed to form with insulation filling materials, and insulation filling materials are styrofoam.
8. a kind of passive solar house of vertical air chimney of parlor band according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Vertical air chimney (5) be the phase-change material dosed of double layer glass, phase-change material is paraffin.
CN201910274217.4A 2019-04-08 2019-04-08 A kind of passive solar house of the vertical air chimney of parlor band CN110005222A (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2117426U (en) * 1992-01-24 1992-09-30 张满金 Passive combined solar house
DE4222572A1 (en) * 1992-07-09 1994-01-13 Rolf Dipl Ing Waltermann Solar powered dwelling - uses solar energy for heating purposes with house side facing sun glass-fronted, and lower house section behind it
CN2911063Y (en) * 2006-06-12 2007-06-13 孙嘉林 Circumpolar latitude solar house
CN201007034Y (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-01-16 倪云枭 Double thermal insulation passive solar house
CN101718356A (en) * 2009-12-15 2010-06-02 江苏苏净科技有限公司 Magnetic force switching three-way air valve
CN203531432U (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-04-09 沈阳建筑大学 Detachable energy-saving and environment-friendly building for small town
CN204826233U (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-12-02 苏州中科院全周期绿色建筑研究院有限公司 Passive form sunshine room system with indoor temperature regulatory function
CN107893548A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-04-10 东北石油大学 A kind of grange solar energy housing with Zhongting

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2117426U (en) * 1992-01-24 1992-09-30 张满金 Passive combined solar house
DE4222572A1 (en) * 1992-07-09 1994-01-13 Rolf Dipl Ing Waltermann Solar powered dwelling - uses solar energy for heating purposes with house side facing sun glass-fronted, and lower house section behind it
CN2911063Y (en) * 2006-06-12 2007-06-13 孙嘉林 Circumpolar latitude solar house
CN201007034Y (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-01-16 倪云枭 Double thermal insulation passive solar house
CN101718356A (en) * 2009-12-15 2010-06-02 江苏苏净科技有限公司 Magnetic force switching three-way air valve
CN203531432U (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-04-09 沈阳建筑大学 Detachable energy-saving and environment-friendly building for small town
CN204826233U (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-12-02 苏州中科院全周期绿色建筑研究院有限公司 Passive form sunshine room system with indoor temperature regulatory function
CN107893548A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-04-10 东北石油大学 A kind of grange solar energy housing with Zhongting

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