CN102220830A - All-weather energy-saving ventilating window and temperature control method - Google Patents

All-weather energy-saving ventilating window and temperature control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102220830A
CN102220830A CN 201110098995 CN201110098995A CN102220830A CN 102220830 A CN102220830 A CN 102220830A CN 201110098995 CN201110098995 CN 201110098995 CN 201110098995 A CN201110098995 A CN 201110098995A CN 102220830 A CN102220830 A CN 102220830A
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China
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window
energy
ventilation
conservation
full weather
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CN 201110098995
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Chinese (zh)
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翟志强
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翟志强
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Priority to CN 201110098995 priority Critical patent/CN102220830A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to an all-weather energy-saving ventilating window for a building curtain wall. The window comprises upper, middle and lower parts which are fixed together with wall bodies of a building by window frames, wherein the middle part is provided with a fixed landscape window or horizontal pulled semi-open window; the upper part is provided with a first window which can be opened outwardly and a second window which can be opened inwardly; and the lower part is provided with an inwardly opened third window and an outwardly opened fourth window. A method for controlling the indoor temperature by adopting the all-weather energy-saving ventilating window is characterized by controlling opening and closing of each window to realize different aims according to difference of seasons and requirements such as the requirement for warming, cooling or heat insulating. The all-weather energy-saving ventilating window has the following advantages: the all-weather energy-saving ventilating window has all-weather condition adaptability, realizes zeroenergy passive environment control, can operate in a full-sealed manner, is pollution-free and noise-free, is suitable for all types of buildings (especially super-high-rise buildings) and can realize full-automatic intelligent control.

Description

Complete energy-conservation Window for ventilation of weather and temperature-controlled process
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of building energy conservation and utilization of new energy resources, particularly a kind of ventilating glass curtain wall is with energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather and temperature-controlled process.
Background technology
Estimate according to the relevant expert, about in the world 50% energy consumption is a building energy consumption, the energy that scatters and disappears from ordinary window then reaches 5~6 times of general solid wall, though traditional single-glass curtain wall improves a lot than ordinary window on thermal property, it remains a weak link of building energy consumption.The advantage of breathing curtain wall just demonstrates fully the double-skin curtain wall construction in it, all is better than traditional single-glass curtain wall at aspect of performances such as solar radiation, heat radiation and conduction of heat.Show according to German interrelated data, breathe curtain wall and compare with the energy consumption of traditional single-glass curtain wall, but energy conservation 42%~52% during heating, but energy conservation 38%~60% during refrigeration.This shows, breathe curtain wall and have very excellent energy-efficient performance.In addition, breathing curtain wall is double-layer glass structure owing to what adopt, and there is one deck also can adopt hollow glass usually, to strengthen soundproof effect, improve corresponding office or habitat condition greatly, breathing curtain wall compares with common single-layer curtain wall, increased barrier one, disposable manufacturing cost has improved, the result of use of the breathing curtain wall feedback that has come into operation from Germany breathes that curtain wall only used 6 years and the electricity charge of saving just are equivalent to the cost of single-layer curtain wall, and can reach two the application life of building curtain wall at least, 30 years, the electricity charge of saving will be more considerable, says that therefore the energy-efficient performance of breathing curtain wall is very excellent.In addition, breathe curtain wall and adopt flint glass usually, not only can weaken the light reflection, and can guarantee to have good permeability inside and outside the building.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present invention is based on the optimal design of advanced hydrodynamics and thermal conduction study, provides a kind of energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather and temperature method of controlling thereof that is suitable for as building curtain wall, with abundant realization energy-conserving and environment-protective, the purpose of less environment pollution.
To achieve the object of the present invention, the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention comprises three parts in upper, middle and lower, fixes by the body of wall of window frame and building.Mid portion is fixedly view window or the semi-open window of sliding; Top comprises can be towards first window of external-open and second window of opening inwardly; The bottom comprises the 3rd window opened inwardly and towards the four-light family of external-open.
Preferably, described window is the window that bilayer or multiple glazing or other materials are made.
Preferred again, the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of described full weather also comprises reflecting part, it can be by being provided with in light-duty wooden or metal framework that reflective heat insulating material is made and being fixed on by support between the top and middle part of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather, to reach the effect of light reflective sunshading.
Method of temperature is difference and the demand according to season in the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of the full weather of the utilization of the present invention control room, as the requirement of heating, lowering the temperature or being incubated, and the switch of controlling each window is to realize different purposes.
The energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention, it has full weather conditions compliance; Zero can control by the passive type environment; The totally-enclosed running; Zero pollutes zero noise; Be applicable to various building types (especially super highrise building); Can realize fully-automatic intelligent control.
Description of drawings
By the detailed description below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, aforesaid purpose, the feature and advantage with other of the present invention will become apparent.Wherein:
Figure 1 shows that the structural representation of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention;
Figure 2 shows that the energy-conservation Window for ventilation contract fully of the full weather pattern diagram of Fig. 1;
The schematic diagram (daytime) of the pattern of warming oneself the winter that Figure 3 shows that the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention;
Figure 4 shows that the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention winter warming pattern schematic diagram (night);
Figure 5 shows that the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention summer refrigerating mode schematic diagram (daytime);
Figure 6 shows that the schematic diagram (daytime) of another cooling channel in summer pattern of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention;
Figure 7 shows that the schematic diagram (night) of another cooling channel in summer pattern of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention;
Warm oneself the spring and autumn that Figure 8 shows that the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of the full weather of the present invention schematic diagram (daytime) of air vent mode;
Figure 9 shows that the structural representation (daytime) of cooling channel in the spring and autumn pattern of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention;
Figure 10 shows that another embodiment of the present invention the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather summer refrigerating mode schematic diagram (daytime);
Figure 11 shows that another embodiment of the present invention the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather summer refrigerating mode structural representation (daytime);
Figure 12 shows that another embodiment of the present invention the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather winter warming pattern structural representation (night).
The specific embodiment
For making feature of the present invention and effect clearer and more definite, the structure and the interior temperature control model of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention are described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.Arrow points in the accompanying drawing is represented the flow direction of air.
The structural representation of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of of the present invention full weather as shown in Figure 1, described Window for ventilation comprise three parts in upper, middle and lower, fix by the window frame 10 and the body of wall of building.Mid portion is fixedly view window or the semi-open window of sliding.Top comprises first window 22, and it is for opening a window outwardly, and is positioned at second window 24 below first window, and it is for opening a window inwardly; The bottom comprises the 3rd window 26, and it is for opening a window inwardly, and is positioned at the four-light family 28 below the 3rd window, and it is for opening a window outwardly.Figure 2 shows that the contract fully pattern, i.e. the equal closing state of all windows.Described window is the window that bilayer or multiple glazing or other materials are made.
The pattern of warming oneself the winter that is respectively the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention as shown in Figures 3 and 4 and winter warming pattern schematic diagram, during the pattern of promptly warming oneself daytime, first window 22 is closed, second window 24 is opened, the 3rd window 26 is opened, four-light family 28 is closed, the air self buoyancy that causes by solar irradiation like this, draw indoor cold or warm air and carry out the nature heating by the airtight glass cavity of the 3rd window 26 inflows, current of warm air after the heating can play the indoor effect of heating naturally because buoyancy is indoor by 24 inflows of second window from top.Directly close second, third window night, the promptly complete energy-conservation Window for ventilation of weather is in air-tight state, and such double-layer curtain wall design just can be better warming.
Be respectively the schematic diagram of refrigerating mode in two kinds of summers (daytime) of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6.First kind of refrigerating mode (seeing shown in Figure 5) is at the outdoor high temperature situation, for example when outside temperature surpasses 28 ℃, described first window 22 is opened, and second window 24 is closed, and the 3rd window 26 is closed, open at four-light family 28, allow outdoor airflow flow into the glass cavity like this,, reduce glass surface because the high temperature that produces strong sunshine because the upwards natural convection that sunshine, buoyancy produced is flowed, the glass cavity of Liu Donging has formed the temp buffer of an indoor and outdoor simultaneously, thereby reaches the effect of cooling; Second kind of refrigerating mode (seeing shown in Figure 6) is at the not too high situation of outside temperature, and when being lower than 28 ℃ when temperature, described first window 22 is opened, and second window 24 is closed, and the 3rd window 26 is opened, and four-light family 28 is closed.Indoor hot air can through the 3rd window 26 flow into the glass cavitys since sunshine buoyancy function, upwards flow out to outdoorly, form the effect of continuous natural ventilation.
The energy-conservation Window for ventilation of of the present invention full weather shown in Figure 7 summer (night) refrigerating mode schematic diagram.Evening first, window 22 was opened, and second window 24 is closed, and the 3rd window 26 is opened, and four-light family 28 is closed; Night outdoor cold or warm air because sky cold emission cooling at night, the air after the cooling is indoor because of settlement action flows into, to reach the effect of indoor cooling in the glass cavity.
The air vent mode schematic diagram on (daytime) of warming oneself the spring and autumn of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of of the present invention full weather as shown in Figure 8, daytime is when being lower than outside temperature when interior temperature, first window 22 is closed, second window 24 is opened, the 3rd window 26 is closed, open at four-light family 28, flows the effect that causes the nature heating to be ventilated because the heat buoyancy effect of solar radiation produces the natural air rising.
The schematic diagram of cooling channel in the spring and autumn pattern (daytime) of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of of the present invention full weather as shown in Figure 9, daytime is when interior temperature is higher, first window 22 is opened, second window 24 is closed, the 3rd window 26 is opened, four-light family 28 is closed, and makes air answer heat buoyancy to produce convection current to reach the effect of cooling channel.
The energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of another kind of embodiment of the present invention as shown in figure 10 summer refrigerating mode schematic diagram.Same Fig. 5 of its cooling principle, but comprised reflecting part 40, it can be by being provided with in light-duty wooden or metal framework that reflective heat insulating material is made and being fixed on by Collapsible rack 34 between the top and middle part of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather.When summer, day temperature was higher, first window 22 is opened, second window closes 24, the 3rd window 26 is closed, and open at four-light family 28, simultaneously reflecting part 40 is being propped, when sunlight is just in time penetrated on reflecting part 40 when the window on top shines in, can play the effect of sunshade, natural light can be reflexed to the roof simultaneously, enlarge the range of exposures of natural light greatly.
The energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of another kind of embodiment of the present invention as shown in figure 11 summer refrigerating mode schematic diagram, the reflective heat insulating material of described reflecting part 40 inside is the material of telescopic, such as cotton prepared material.When day temperature is higher, first window 22 is opened, second window 24 is closed, the 3rd window 26 is closed, and open at four-light family 28, simultaneously the reflective heat insulating material of telescopic type in the reflecting part 40 is pulled out, cover the middle part and the bottom forms part of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather, so not only can reduce the glass appearance surface surface temperature, can also play the effect of better sunshading and thermal insulating by the circulation heat exchange of gas.
The energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of another kind of embodiment of the present invention as shown in figure 12 winter warming pattern schematic diagram, close all windows night, simultaneously the reflective heat insulating material of telescopic type in the reflecting part 40 is pulled out, cover the middle part and the bottom forms part of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather, so not only can stop the circulation heat exchange of gas, and can play better heat insulation effect by heat insulating material.
The window of the top and the bottom of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather among the above embodiment can be for only having respectively inwardly or to the function of external-open, can offer meter outwardly again inwardly if adopt, and that does not just need branch inwardly towards exterior window.
In addition, in the respective embodiments described above, the control of each window, promptly opening or closing can be simple and mechanical manual control, such as when the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention is applicable to civilian construction; Also can be the intellectuality control of computer, such as when the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather of the present invention is applicable to large public building, at this moment, need the environment temperature sensor of indoor and outdoor, connect the Based Intelligent Control that window opening device such as starting drive etc. can be realized window.
The present invention utilizes the glass cavity circuit design of multiple flexible design, make full use of buoyancy that natural conditions produced and settlement actions such as solar energy, wind energy, sky cold emission and indoor/outdoor temperature-difference, regulate the architecture indoor environment effectively passively, significantly reduce demand for active air-conditioning and blower fan system.The glass cavity flow design of closed can reduce ambient noise and the influence of polluting indoor environment, and makes the ventilation of windowing of super highrise building really become possibility.Wherein, all do optimal design (such as light transmittance and reflectivity etc.) for selection inside and outside and upward lower-glass, glasses interval and window opening also all have the calculating of optimization to obtain.These parameters all can be done personalized the adjustment and optimization with architectural design requirement and geographical environmental condition.
The present invention is not limited to described embodiment, and those skilled in the art still can do some corrections or change, so the scope of the present invention is as the criterion with claims restricted portion not breaking away from spirit of the present invention promptly openly in the scope.

Claims (9)

1. the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather is characterized in that, described Window for ventilation comprises three parts in upper, middle and lower, fixes by the body of wall of window frame and building, and wherein, described mid portion is fixedly view window or the semi-open window of sliding; Top comprises first window, and it can be opened outwardly, and is positioned at second window below first window, and it can be opened inwardly; The bottom comprises the 3rd window, and it can be opened inwardly, and is positioned at the four-light family below the 3rd window, and it can be opened outwardly.
2. the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of a kind of full weather as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described window is the window that bilayer or multiple glazing or other materials are made.
3. the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of a kind of full weather as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that also comprise reflecting part, it is fixed between the top and middle part of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of described full weather by Collapsible rack.
4. the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of a kind of full weather as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, described reflecting part comprises that light-duty wooden or metal framework and inside are provided with the reflective heat insulating material of telescopic.
5. one kind is utilized the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather as claimed in claim 1 to carry out the method that the building interior temperature is controlled, it is characterized in that, it is according to season and real needs controlling described first window, second window, the 3rd window and four-light family open or close, and form the cavity pipeline of air feed stream circulation between the window of upper and lower.
6. method of carrying out the control of building interior temperature as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that described temperature-controlled process comprises heating pattern, refrigerating mode and warming pattern.
7. a kind of method of carrying out the control of building interior temperature as claimed in claim 1 of utilizing as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of described full weather also comprises reflecting part, it is fixed between the top and middle part of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of described full weather by Collapsible rack, when the higher needs of interior temperature cool off, reflecting part is propped, to play the effect of light reflective sunshading.
8. method of carrying out the control of building interior temperature as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, the reflecting part of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of described full weather has the reflective heat insulating material of telescopic, when warming pattern, the reflective heat insulating material of the telescopic type of reflecting part is pulled out, cover the middle part and the bottom forms part of the energy-conservation Window for ventilation of full weather, to reach better heat insulation effect.
9. method of carrying out the control of building interior temperature as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, described temperature-controlled process also comprises the sensing indoor and outdoor temperature and controls automatic open device and open or close the corresponding temperature control model of window to set.
CN 201110098995 2011-04-20 2011-04-20 All-weather energy-saving ventilating window and temperature control method Pending CN102220830A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110098995 CN102220830A (en) 2011-04-20 2011-04-20 All-weather energy-saving ventilating window and temperature control method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110098995 CN102220830A (en) 2011-04-20 2011-04-20 All-weather energy-saving ventilating window and temperature control method

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102518374A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-06-27 翟志强 All-weather energy-saving breathing window with air-vent control structure
CN103255930A (en) * 2012-02-15 2013-08-21 天津三春科技有限公司 Novel low-carbon livable building technique integrating house, wind and light and capable of outputting electric power
CN105987474A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-10-05 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Natural building ventilation device
CN110080660A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-08-02 上海理工大学 Green intelligent Window for ventilation

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2199133A (en) * 1986-09-08 1988-06-29 Yoshida Kogyo Kk Prefabricated window unit for use with an air conditioning system
CN200989128Y (en) * 2006-12-22 2007-12-12 上海耀江实业有限公司 Breathing type window
CN101100880A (en) * 2007-07-25 2008-01-09 李毅 Breathing type solar energy photovoltaic glass curtain wall and use thereof
CN201474557U (en) * 2009-08-21 2010-05-19 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 Breathing window
CN201507055U (en) * 2009-09-29 2010-06-16 班广生 Air outer circulating type dual-layer curtain wall

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2199133A (en) * 1986-09-08 1988-06-29 Yoshida Kogyo Kk Prefabricated window unit for use with an air conditioning system
CN200989128Y (en) * 2006-12-22 2007-12-12 上海耀江实业有限公司 Breathing type window
CN101100880A (en) * 2007-07-25 2008-01-09 李毅 Breathing type solar energy photovoltaic glass curtain wall and use thereof
CN201474557U (en) * 2009-08-21 2010-05-19 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 Breathing window
CN201507055U (en) * 2009-09-29 2010-06-16 班广生 Air outer circulating type dual-layer curtain wall

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102518374A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-06-27 翟志强 All-weather energy-saving breathing window with air-vent control structure
CN103255930A (en) * 2012-02-15 2013-08-21 天津三春科技有限公司 Novel low-carbon livable building technique integrating house, wind and light and capable of outputting electric power
CN103255930B (en) * 2012-02-15 2015-09-23 天津三春科技有限公司 The livable building new technology of low-carbon (LC) of a kind of room, wind, light Trinity energy output power
CN105987474A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-10-05 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Natural building ventilation device
CN110080660A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-08-02 上海理工大学 Green intelligent Window for ventilation

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Application publication date: 20111019