CN105672843A - External window considering balcony function, sun-shade function and photovoltaic power generation function at same time - Google Patents

External window considering balcony function, sun-shade function and photovoltaic power generation function at same time Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105672843A
CN105672843A CN201610226932.7A CN201610226932A CN105672843A CN 105672843 A CN105672843 A CN 105672843A CN 201610226932 A CN201610226932 A CN 201610226932A CN 105672843 A CN105672843 A CN 105672843A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
window frame
window
function
sash
power generation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610226932.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李娟�
郑彬
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Hefei University
Hefei College
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Hefei College
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hefei College filed Critical Hefei College
Priority to CN201610226932.7A priority Critical patent/CN105672843A/en
Publication of CN105672843A publication Critical patent/CN105672843A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B5/00Doors, windows, or like closures for special purposes; Border constructions therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/003Balconies; Decks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B7/00Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows
    • E06B7/28Other arrangements on doors or windows, e.g. door-plates, windows adapted to carry plants, hooks for window cleaners
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention provides an external window considering a balcony function, a sun-shade function and a photovoltaic power generation function at the same time, and belongs to the field of engineering and civil buildings. An upper window sash and a lower window sash are distributed on the same side of the plane where a window frame is located. An upper window frame and a lower window frame are hinged through two hinges. The lower window frame and a bottom transverse rod of the window frame are hinged through two hinges. Under the effect of a push-pull mechanism, the upper window sash and the lower window sash can gradually change to the perpendicular state from the parallel state. A photovoltaic power generation panel and a top transverse rod of the window frame are hinged through hinges. By stretching out and drawing back first hydraulic rods, the angle between the photovoltaic power generation panel and the plane where the window frame is located can be changed. The comprehensive structure which has the function of a building movable sun-shade plate, the building integrated photovoltaic function and various other functions and can be adjusted into an external wall of the balcony is established. Solar radiation energy is collected and utilized during sun shading and rain shielding, the building energy consumption is lowered, the energy utilization rate is increased, and the building space extraction and photovoltaic building integration is truly achieved.

Description

A kind of outer window taking into account balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic generation function
Technical field
The invention belongs to engineering and residential construction area, specifically relate to a kind of outer window taking into account balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic generation function.
Background technology
Along with the increase day by day of energy consumption, now just progressively promote photovoltaic building integration, the vertical plane of building external envelope structure and horizontal plane can be effectively utilized to be combined design with photovoltaic power generation plate, not only make use of sun power well, dramatically saves on and build the use to the energy, but also enriched building vertical design and facade aesthetics. The combination design of current photovoltaic power generation plate and building external envelope structure, mainly concentrates on building roof and external wall, and fresh carrying out with outer window less combines design. But outer window occupies higher ratio in whole building outer shell structure, except north outwards window, other respectively toward the outside window all can receive good solar radiation, because window position is the excellent position arranging photovoltaic power generation plate in addition.
Exterior window design in existing market, mainly contains the outer window of two kinds of forms, and a class is flat window, its simple structure, and various shapes is easy for installation; Another kind is bay window, can effectively improve architecture indoor usable floor area, but installs towards there being strict demand, and is unfavorable for building heat preservation. The outer window of this two class formation is all widely used in engineering and covil construction. The feature of the outer window of above-mentioned two classes is remarkable, but is ensureing that building heat preservation and effective raising architecture indoor usable floor area two cannot be met in requiring simultaneously, meanwhile, the moulding of these outer windows too complanation, three-dimensional not.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of outer window taking into account balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic generation function, make under the prerequisite not affecting building heat preservation requirement, people can obtain the careat of more expansions in the process used, additionally by arranging photovoltaic power generation plate while taking into account sunshade, sun power can also be changed into electric energy, it is to increase energy utilization rate.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme:
A kind of outer window taking into account balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic generation function, comprise window frame, the same side of window frame place plane is furnished with sash and lower sash, between the upper window frame of upper sash and the lower window frame of lower sash, between the lower window frame of lower sash and the bottom bar of window frame hinged by the first hinge, two hinge respectively, under the effect of push-and-pull mechanism, make between sash and lower sash by parallel to vertical state gradual change;
The top of window frame is furnished with photovoltaic power generation plate, the 3rd hinge is passed through hinged between photovoltaic power generation plate and the top cross bar of window frame, the two ends of one group of first hydraulic stem are movably connected on both sides vertical rod, the photovoltaic power generation plate both sides of window frame respectively, stretched by the first hydraulic stem, the angle between photovoltaic power generation plate and window frame place plane is changed.
Push-and-pull mechanism comprises one group of the 2nd hydraulic stem, its both sides are movably connected between the both sides vertical rod of window frame, upper window frame and lower window frame end respectively to connecing position, stretched by the 2nd hydraulic stem, angle between upper window frame and lower window frame is changed, also namely goes up between sash and lower sash by parallel to vertical state gradual change.
Push-and-pull mechanism also comprises a slide rail and some union levers, the both sides of slide rail are movably connected on both sides vertical rod, the two ends, upper window frame top of window frame respectively, and the both sides of some union levers are movably connected on slide rail respectively, are placed in the frame of the lower window frame immediately below slide rail.
Compared with prior art, the useful effect of the present invention is as follows:
1), structure is simple, adjustment is easy, the variable base plate being changed to balcony of sash under lower window glass place, the variable peripheral backplate being changed to balcony of the upper sash at upper window glass place, slide rail and the variable lateral rail being changed to balcony of union lever, thus realize by flat window to the integral transformation of balcony structure.
2), the proposed by the invention outer window taking into account balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic generation function, establish building movable sun visor, building integrated photovoltaic and may be adjusted to the synthesis structure that the multiple function such as outer window of balcony is integrated. Utilize the outer window that can outwards encorbelment into balcony from wound, the expansion interior space; The photovoltaic power generation plate of adjustable-angle, while balcony sunshade of encorbelmenting outward takes shelter from rain, to solar radiant energy Collection utilization, reduce building Energy in use, it is to increase energy utilization rate, reach construction maintenance cost low, use safety, easily, the features such as energy-saving and emission-reduction, really achieve building space and expand integrated with photovoltaic building in management. Can effectively utilizing and go along with sb. to guard him surface and without the need to extra land used or add and build other facilities, this has particularly important for urban architecture densely populated, that soil is expensive to save land resources.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation under outer window is in completely closed state.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that outer window is in the state of opening.
Fig. 3 is the side view under outer window is in full open position.
In figure, the implication of Reference numeral is as follows:
Window glass, 11-photovoltaic power generation plate, 12-the 3rd hinge, 13-first hydraulic stem under window frame, 9-two hinge, 10-under the upper window glass of 1-window frame, 2-, 3-upper window frame, 4-slide rail, 5-union lever, 6-the 2nd hydraulic stem, 7-first hinge, 8-.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the optimal way of the present invention is described in further detail.
The present invention proposes a kind of outer window taking into account balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic generation function, first this kind of outer window may be adjusted to balcony structure, concrete structure refers to Fig. 1-3, the same side of window frame 1 place plane is furnished with sash and lower sash, between the upper window frame 3 of upper sash and the lower window frame 8 of lower sash, between the lower window frame 8 of lower sash and the bottom bar of window frame 1 hinged by the first hinge 7, two hinge 9 respectively, under the effect of push-and-pull mechanism, make between sash and lower sash by parallel to vertical state gradual change.
Above-mentioned push-and-pull mechanism comprises one group of the 2nd hydraulic stem 6, its both sides are movably connected between the both sides vertical rod of window frame 1, upper window frame 3 and lower window frame 8 end respectively to connecing position, stretched by the 2nd hydraulic stem 6, angle between upper window frame 3 and lower window frame 8 is changed, also namely goes up between sash and lower sash by parallel to vertical state gradual change.
Push-and-pull mechanism also comprises a slide rail 4 and some union levers 5, the both sides of slide rail 4 are movably connected on both sides vertical rod, the two ends, upper window frame 3 top of window frame 1 respectively, and the both sides of some union levers 5 are movably connected on slide rail 4 respectively, are placed in the frame of the lower window frame 8 immediately below slide rail 4.
Namely outer window shown in Fig. 1 is a kind of flat window, along with opening (as shown in Figure 2) of upper sash and lower sash, finally forms state as shown in Figure 3, is namely deformed into balcony structure. Now, under lower window glass 10 place, sash is as the base plate of balcony, and the upper sash at upper window glass 2 place is as lateral rail as balcony of the peripheral backplate of balcony, slide rail 4 and union lever 5.
In addition, the outer window taking into account balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic generation function of the present invention, the top of its window frame 1 is furnished with photovoltaic power generation plate 11, the 3rd hinge 12 is passed through hinged between the top cross bar of photovoltaic power generation plate 11 and window frame 1, the two ends of one group of first hydraulic stem 13 are movably connected on both sides vertical rod, photovoltaic power generation plate 11 both sides of window frame 1 respectively, stretched by the first hydraulic stem 13, the angle between photovoltaic power generation plate 11 and window frame 1 place plane is changed.
Outer window is in when closing state completely, and photovoltaic power generation plate 11 is covered on sash. During use, indoor Controlling System (or manual) is utilized photovoltaic power generation plate 11 to be risen, according to user demand be adjusted to proper angle (can within the scope of 180 degree random regulating opening angle, to obtain as far as possible high light volt transformation efficiency), thus realize sunshade and photovoltaic generation (connecting associated appliance element of the prior art) function. Need to take into account building heat preservation in winter or transitional season, outer window can be kept to close, rise separately the collection that photovoltaic power generation plate carries out sun power, form the light outer window integral system of volt.
Above embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention be described; not the scope of the present invention is limited; under the prerequisite not departing from inventive design spirit; the various distortion that the technical scheme of the present invention is made by those of ordinary skill in the art and improvement, all should fall in the protection domain that claims of the present invention is determined.

Claims (3)

1. take into account an outer window for balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic generation function, comprise window frame (1), it is characterised in that:
The same side of window frame (1) place plane is furnished with sash and lower sash, between the upper window frame (3) of upper sash and the lower window frame (8) of lower sash, between the lower window frame (8) of lower sash and the bottom bar of window frame (1) hinged by the first hinge (7), two hinge (9) respectively, under the effect of push-and-pull mechanism, make between sash and lower sash by parallel to vertical state gradual change;
The top of window frame (1) is furnished with photovoltaic power generation plate (11), the 3rd hinge (12) is passed through hinged between the top cross bar of photovoltaic power generation plate (11) and window frame (1), the two ends of one group of first hydraulic stem (13) are movably connected on both sides vertical rod, photovoltaic power generation plate (11) both sides of window frame (1) respectively, stretched by the first hydraulic stem (13), the angle between photovoltaic power generation plate (11) and window frame (1) place plane is changed.
2. take into account the outer window of balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic generation function as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: push-and-pull mechanism comprises one group of the 2nd hydraulic stem (6), its both sides are movably connected between the both sides vertical rod of window frame (1), upper window frame (3) and lower window frame (8) end respectively to connecing position, stretched by the 2nd hydraulic stem (6), angle between upper window frame (3) and lower window frame (8) is changed, also namely goes up between sash and lower sash by parallel to vertical state gradual change.
3. take into account the outer window of balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic generation function as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: push-and-pull mechanism also comprises a slide rail (4) and some union levers (5), the both sides of slide rail (4) are movably connected on both sides vertical rod, upper window frame (3) two ends, top of window frame (1) respectively, and the both sides of some union levers (5) are movably connected on slide rail (4) respectively, the frame of the lower window frame (8) that is placed in slide rail immediately below (4).
CN201610226932.7A 2016-04-12 2016-04-12 External window considering balcony function, sun-shade function and photovoltaic power generation function at same time Pending CN105672843A (en)

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CN201610226932.7A CN105672843A (en) 2016-04-12 2016-04-12 External window considering balcony function, sun-shade function and photovoltaic power generation function at same time

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106212118A (en) * 2016-09-14 2016-12-14 天津大学 A kind of photovoltaic farm buildings integration is waftd window
CN107386894A (en) * 2017-07-15 2017-11-24 湖北阳超机电科技有限公司 One kind can push type windowpane
CN108678610A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-10-19 苏州鑫元金属饰材有限公司 A kind of multifunctional window with aluminium alloy family
CN110453936A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-15 上海昌佳彩钢夹芯板有限公司 A kind of multi-functional maisonette of expandable type

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2698949Y (en) * 2004-03-30 2005-05-11 贺隰平 Multifunctional anti-theft window
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CN201933990U (en) * 2011-02-15 2011-08-17 北京嘉寓门窗幕墙股份有限公司 Rocker arm type forward-pushed sliding solar photo-thermal window structure
CN203166805U (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-08-28 沁源县博翔新能源科技发展有限公司 Elevating adjustment window rain and shine type photovoltaic power generation device
CN203891248U (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-22 金陵科技学院 External wall heat circulation structure
EP2947701A1 (en) * 2013-01-21 2015-11-25 Holomedia LLC Light-concentrating mechanism, photovoltaic power generation device, window structure, and window glass
CN205135318U (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-04-06 廖澄海 Variably become window of balcony
CN205445377U (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-08-10 合肥学院 Compromise exterior window of balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic power generation function

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2698949Y (en) * 2004-03-30 2005-05-11 贺隰平 Multifunctional anti-theft window
CN201531210U (en) * 2009-09-15 2010-07-21 汪洋瀚 Multifunctional window cover
CN201933990U (en) * 2011-02-15 2011-08-17 北京嘉寓门窗幕墙股份有限公司 Rocker arm type forward-pushed sliding solar photo-thermal window structure
EP2947701A1 (en) * 2013-01-21 2015-11-25 Holomedia LLC Light-concentrating mechanism, photovoltaic power generation device, window structure, and window glass
CN203166805U (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-08-28 沁源县博翔新能源科技发展有限公司 Elevating adjustment window rain and shine type photovoltaic power generation device
CN203891248U (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-22 金陵科技学院 External wall heat circulation structure
CN205135318U (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-04-06 廖澄海 Variably become window of balcony
CN205445377U (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-08-10 合肥学院 Compromise exterior window of balcony, sunshade and photovoltaic power generation function

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106212118A (en) * 2016-09-14 2016-12-14 天津大学 A kind of photovoltaic farm buildings integration is waftd window
CN107386894A (en) * 2017-07-15 2017-11-24 湖北阳超机电科技有限公司 One kind can push type windowpane
CN108678610A (en) * 2018-05-09 2018-10-19 苏州鑫元金属饰材有限公司 A kind of multifunctional window with aluminium alloy family
CN110453936A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-15 上海昌佳彩钢夹芯板有限公司 A kind of multi-functional maisonette of expandable type

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Application publication date: 20160615