CN109853682B - Kitchen waste processor capable of preventing pipeline from being blocked - Google Patents

Kitchen waste processor capable of preventing pipeline from being blocked Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109853682B
CN109853682B CN201811605080.8A CN201811605080A CN109853682B CN 109853682 B CN109853682 B CN 109853682B CN 201811605080 A CN201811605080 A CN 201811605080A CN 109853682 B CN109853682 B CN 109853682B
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plate
cavity
filter
garbage
air pressure
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CN109853682A (en
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蔡同文
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Hangzhou Hans Environmental Engineering Technology Co ltd
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Hangzhou Hans Environmental Engineering Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kitchen waste processor capable of preventing pipeline blockage, which comprises a processing box, a crushing device arranged in the processing box and a filter plate arranged below the crushing device, wherein a feeding pipe is arranged at the top of the processing box, a discharge hole is arranged at the bottom of the processing box, an opening matched with the filter plate is formed in the side wall of the processing box, a second movable cavity is formed in the filter plate, a fourth connecting plate is arranged in the second movable cavity, a third movable cavity is formed in the fourth connecting plate, a limiting rod penetrates through the third movable cavity, and a limiting groove matched with the limiting rod is formed in the second movable cavity.

Description

Kitchen waste processor capable of preventing pipeline from being blocked
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of garbage treatment, and particularly relates to a kitchen garbage disposer for preventing a pipeline from being blocked.
Background
The kitchen waste refers to food leftovers discarded in the food processing process, food residues after eating and drinking, and untreated sewage generated in the processes of cleaning food, washing tableware and the like. The main components of the food comprise pericarp broken bones, meal broken grains, insoluble protein, cellulose and starch-state insoluble organic matters, and the components of the food are very complex according to different meals. Because the kitchen waste contains rich nutrient substances, if the kitchen waste is directly discharged to the nature without being treated, the kitchen waste can be decayed in a short time under the action of proper temperature and bacteria, thereby not only polluting the surrounding environment, breeding mosquitoes and flies, and occupying a large amount of land, but also causing a large amount of waste of resources. Based on this, the research and development of the kitchen waste treatment equipment can effectively degrade and comprehensively treat the kitchen waste, and the reduction and resource utilization of the kitchen waste can be realized.
Kitchen garbage processor among the prior art, it is relatively simple to kitchen garbage disposal process, or only carry out rubbish crushing operation and obtain solid kitchen garbage, then, through another special fermenting installation, carry out the fermentation operation to the kitchen garbage after smashing the extrusion, or only have special liquid kitchen garbage processing function, production efficiency is low, can't satisfy the centralization to kitchen garbage, the complete processing, especially not be applicable to the centralized processing to regional inside kitchen garbage of small-scale.
Chinese patent CN108856257A discloses a kitchen waste processor, which comprises a processing box, a stirring mechanism, a heating mechanism and a waste gas processing mechanism, wherein the top of the processing box is detachably provided with a cover plate, the center of the cover plate is provided with a feeding cover, the left side wall of the processing box is provided with a discharge opening, and the right side wall of the processing box is provided with an air outlet; the stirring mechanism comprises a stirring shaft, a motor and a speed reducer, the heating mechanism comprises a first heating mica sheet, a second heating mica sheet and heat preservation cotton, the first heating mica sheet comprises a flat plate heating mica part and an arc heating mica part, the first heating mica sheet is positioned at the connecting part of the front side wall and the rear side wall of the treatment box and the bottom of the treatment box, and the second heating mica sheet is positioned in the bottom of the treatment box; the waste gas treatment mechanism is connected with the gas outlet; the first heating mica sheet and the second heating mica sheet are attached to the inner wall of the treatment box, the treatment box is rapidly and uniformly heated, the kitchen waste is fermented at high temperature to be changed into organic fertilizer, and organic waste gas is discharged after being treated, so that the treatment box is more environment-friendly; above-mentioned garbage disposer can't handle solid waste, and solid waste causes the jam to the drain pipe after entering into the drain pipe easily, influences the life of drain pipe.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a kitchen waste disposer for preventing a pipeline from being blocked in order to overcome the defects of the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a kitchen waste disposer for preventing pipeline blockage comprises a treatment box, a crushing device arranged in the treatment box and a filter plate arranged below the crushing device, wherein a feeding pipe is arranged at the top of the treatment box, a discharge hole is formed in the bottom of the treatment box, an opening matched with the filter plate is formed in the side wall of the treatment box, a second movable cavity is formed in the filter plate, a fourth connecting plate is arranged in the second movable cavity, a third movable cavity is formed in the fourth connecting plate, a limiting rod penetrates through the third movable cavity, and a limiting groove matched with the limiting rod is formed in the second movable cavity; a connecting spring is arranged on the inner wall of the second movable cavity, and one end of the connecting spring is fixedly connected with the fourth connecting plate; a second connecting pipe is arranged on the inner wall of the second movable cavity, a second connecting rod matched with the second connecting pipe is arranged on the fourth connecting plate, a limiting plate is arranged at one end of the second connecting rod, and the limiting plate is arranged in the second connecting pipe; after the garbage enters the treatment box, the garbage is crushed by the crushing device to be crushed into small-particle solid, so that the garbage is conveniently discharged from the discharge port under the action of water flow, solid particles with larger volume are filtered under the action of the filter plate, small-particle impurities fall into the drainage pipe through the filter plate, the drainage pipe is prevented from being blocked by the solid garbage, and the influence of the garbage on the drainage pipe is reduced; larger-particle garbage is collected on the filter plate, and the third filter plate can be conveniently taken out from the opening under the action of the opening, so that the garbage on the filter plate can be conveniently cleaned, and the influence of excessive garbage accumulated on the filter plate on the filtering effect of the filter plate is prevented; under the mutual matching of the limiting rod and the limiting groove, the fourth connecting plate is fixed and is fixed inside the second movable cavity, so that the filter plate can be conveniently taken out of the treatment box under the action of the fourth connecting plate, the fourth connecting plate is placed in the second movable cavity when not in use, and the fourth connecting plate is prevented from influencing the installation of the garbage disposer; after the limiting rod is disengaged from the limiting groove, the fourth connecting plate is conveniently pushed out of the second movable cavity under the action of the connecting spring, a user can conveniently grab the fourth connecting plate, and the filter plate is conveniently taken out of the treatment box under the action of the fourth connecting plate; the second connecting pipe and the second connecting rod play a guiding role in the movement of the fourth connecting plate, and under the action of the limiting plate and the second connecting pipe, the second limiting rod is prevented from being separated from the second connecting pipe, an acting point is provided for the fourth connecting plate, the fourth connecting plate is prevented from being separated from the second movable cavity, and the filter plate is convenient to take out from the opening under the action of the fourth connecting plate.
An installation cavity is formed in the fourth connecting plate, and a control assembly for controlling the limiting rod to do horizontal movement is arranged in the installation cavity; when rubbish on the filter is cleared up, the limiting rod is driven to be separated from the limiting groove under the action of the control assembly, the limiting rod is disengaged from the limiting groove, the fourth connecting plate loses the fixing effect in the second movable cavity, the fourth connecting plate is convenient to take out from the second movable cavity, and rubbish on the filter can be conveniently cleared up.
The control assembly comprises an air pressure box arranged in the installation cavity, a cavity arranged in the air pressure box and a second push plate arranged in the cavity in a penetrating mode, a partition plate is arranged in the cavity and divides the cavity into a second air pressure cavity and a third air pressure cavity, a third push plate is arranged at one end of the second push plate, and the limiting rod is arranged in the third air pressure cavity in a penetrating mode; when needs take out the filter and clear up it, toward interior extrusion second push pedal, make the second push pedal promote the third push pedal toward the motion of second atmospheric pressure intracavity to change the atmospheric pressure size in second atmospheric pressure chamber and the third atmospheric pressure intracavity, make the gag lever post deviate from the spacing inslot under atmospheric pressure's effect, be convenient for make the fourth connecting plate stretch out from the second activity intracavity under coupling spring's effect, thereby can be convenient take out the filter from handling the incasement and clear up it.
The partition plate is provided with a seventh through hole, the number of the limiting rods is two, and the two limiting rods are connected through a fixed spring; a first return spring is arranged on the inner wall of the second air pressure cavity, and one end of the first return spring is connected with the third push plate; under the action of the seventh through hole, the second air pressure cavity and the third air pressure cavity are communicated with each other, so that the air pressure in the third air pressure cavity can be influenced when the air pressure in the second air pressure cavity is changed, the limiting rod keeps the trend of extending out of the third air pressure cavity under the action of the fixing spring, the limiting rod and the limiting groove are convenient to form mutual matching, the fourth connecting plate is fixed, the fourth connecting plate is prevented from influencing the installation of the processing box, and the fourth connecting plate is prevented from colliding with the outside; after the third push pedal is pushed to enter the second air pressure cavity, the first reset spring and the fixed spring are matched with each other, so that the limiting rod starts to reset, air flow in the third air pressure cavity enters the second air pressure cavity, the motion trend of the limiting rod extending out of the third air pressure cavity is kept, and the fourth connecting plate is conveniently fixed in the second movable cavity when the fourth connecting plate is pushed inwards.
A fourth push plate penetrates through the installation cavity, a slide block is arranged on the side wall of the fourth push plate, a sliding groove matched with the slide block is arranged on the inner wall of the installation cavity, and a second return spring matched with the slide block is arranged in the sliding groove; the fourth push plate is matched with the second push plate, so that the second push plate is conveniently pushed under the action of the fourth push plate; after pushing the slider into the spout bottom, under second reset spring's effect, be convenient for push the spout one end again with the slider to can be convenient make the gag lever post deviate from the spacing inslot, be convenient for pull out the fourth connecting plate, can be convenient take out the filter from handling the incasement and clear up it.
The crushing device comprises a connecting disc, a first through hole formed in the connecting disc and a crushing cutter arranged on the inner wall of the first through hole, a connecting shaft matched with the filter plate is arranged at the bottom of the connecting disc, and the filter plate can vibrate under the transmission of the connecting shaft; after the garbage enters from the feeding pipe along with the wastewater, under the action of the crushing device, the garbage entering the treatment box is crushed, and the garbage is crushed into small particles, so that the garbage is conveniently discharged to prevent a sewer from being blocked; the garbage crushed by the crushing device falls on the filter plate, the filter plate is shaken under the transmission of the connecting shaft, the garbage is uniformly laid on the filter plate, the garbage meeting the requirements of the filter plate can be shaken off conveniently, the garbage is screened under the action of the filter plate, small-particle garbage falls off from the filter plate, and large-particle garbage is left on the filter plate, so that a sewer is prevented from being blocked by large-particle garbage; when a certain amount of garbage is accumulated on the filter plate, the filter plate can be taken out from the opening periodically to clean the garbage on the filter plate, so that the filter plate is prevented from being blocked by excessive garbage on the filter plate, and the inside of the disposer is convenient to clean; under the impact of rivers and the shake of filter, can effectually shake off rubbish on the filter from the filter, reduce the probability that the filter blockked up, promote the filter effect of filter, the effectual jam problem of having avoided the sewer.
The inner wall of the treatment box is provided with a guide block, the guide block is provided with a second through hole, the bottom of the guide block is movably connected with a cover plate, and the cover plate can float on the water surface; the connecting shaft is provided with a first push plate for extruding the cover plate; when rubbish on the too much or filter on the filter blocks up the filter, waste water is long-pending to stay on the filter, make the filter top hoard up the rivers, along with the rising of liquid level, under the effect of rivers buoyancy, promote the apron and overturn, thereby make the apron up turn over to the horizontality, after the apron rotates the horizontal position, first push pedal and apron mutual contact, play the extrusion effect to the apron under the effect of first push pedal, make the apron produce the trend of down-moving, thereby promote the water to the pressure of filter, be convenient for push down the rubbish that blocks up on the filter under pressure, play automatic unblock effect to the filter, prevent that the filter from blockking up the unable whereabouts of waste water that makes to get into in the processor and causing the refluence phenomenon, promote the reliability of refuse treatment machine.
The invention has the following advantages: under the action of the filter plate, solid particles with larger volume are filtered, so that small particle impurities fall into the drain pipe through the filter plate, the drain pipe is prevented from being blocked by solid garbage, and the influence of the garbage on the drain pipe is reduced; the rubbish of great granule is collected on the filter, under the open-ended effect, is convenient for take out the third filter from the opening part to rubbish to on the filter that can be convenient is cleared up, prevents that the filter from going up the long-pending too much rubbish of remaining from causing the influence to the filter effect of filter.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a first cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 2.
FIG. 4 is a second cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged view of fig. 4 at B.
Fig. 6 is a third schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a fourth schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the filter plate of the present invention.
FIG. 9 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a filter according to the present invention.
Fig. 10 is an enlarged view of fig. 9 at C.
Fig. 11 is an enlarged view of fig. 9 at D.
Fig. 12 is an enlarged view of fig. 9 at E.
Fig. 13 is an enlarged view of fig. 9 at F.
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the structure of the polishing pad of the present invention.
FIG. 15 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a polishing block of the present invention.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1-15, a kitchen waste disposer for preventing pipeline blockage comprises a treatment box 1, a crushing device arranged in the treatment box 1 and a filter plate 2 arranged below the crushing device, wherein the filter plate is detachably connected in the treatment box, the top of the treatment box 1 is provided with a feeding pipe 11, the bottom of the treatment box 1 is provided with a discharging port, and waste water carrying garbage enters from the feeding pipe and is discharged from the discharging port; an opening 12 matched with the filter plate 2 is formed in the side wall of the treatment box 1, the filter plate can be taken out from the opening, and therefore garbage on the filter plate can be cleaned; the crushing device comprises a connecting disc 43, a plurality of first through holes 431 arranged on the connecting disc 43 and a crushing knife 432 arranged on the inner wall of the first through holes 431, the first through holes are fan-shaped, are circumferentially distributed on the connecting disc, garbage entering the treatment box from the feeding pipe falls on the connecting disc, and are contacted with the crushing knife when falling from the first through holes, so that the garbage is crushed under the action of the crushing knife, and the garbage is prevented from blocking a sewer pipe; the side wall of the first through hole is provided with a chute, so that garbage falling on the connecting disc can conveniently fall from the first through hole along the inner wall of the chute, and the garbage is prevented from being accumulated on the receiving disc; under the rotation of the connecting disc, centrifugal force is generated on the connecting disc, so that garbage on the connecting disc can be conveniently thrown off from the connecting disc; the bottom of the connecting disc 43 is provided with a connecting shaft 44 matched with the filter plate 2, and the filter plate 2 can vibrate under the transmission of the connecting shaft 44.
The garbage disposer is arranged below the water tank, so that the feeding pipe is communicated with the water discharging pipe of the water tank, and waste water, garbage and the like discharged from the water tank can conveniently enter a sewer to be discharged after passing through the garbage disposer; after the garbage enters from the feeding pipe along with the wastewater, under the action of the crushing device, the garbage entering the treatment box is crushed, and the garbage is crushed into small particles, so that the garbage is conveniently discharged to prevent a sewer from being blocked; the garbage crushed by the crushing device falls on the filter plate, the filter plate is shaken under the transmission of the connecting shaft, the garbage is uniformly laid on the filter plate, the garbage meeting the requirements of the filter plate can be shaken off conveniently, the garbage is screened under the action of the filter plate, small-particle garbage falls off from the filter plate, and large-particle garbage is left on the filter plate, so that a sewer is prevented from being blocked by large-particle garbage; when a certain amount of garbage is accumulated on the filter plate, the filter plate can be taken out from the opening periodically to clean the garbage on the filter plate, so that the filter plate is prevented from being blocked by excessive garbage on the filter plate, and the inside of the disposer is convenient to clean; under the impact of rivers and the shake of filter, can effectually shake off rubbish on the filter from the filter, reduce the probability that the filter blockked up, promote the filter effect of filter, the effectual jam problem of having avoided the sewer.
The inner wall of the treatment box 1 is provided with a guide block 15, the guide block 15 is provided with a second through hole, and the second through hole is of a funnel-shaped structure, so that garbage falling on the guide block can conveniently fall from the second through hole along the surface of the second through hole; the bottom of the guide block 15 is movably connected with two cover plates 151 which are symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the guide block, the bottom of the guide block is provided with a second connecting block, and the cover plates are hinged on the second connecting block; a second supporting block 152 is arranged at the bottom of the guide block, is of a wedge-shaped structure, and enables the cover plate to be in an inclined state under the action of the second supporting block; the cover plate 151 may float on the water surface; a first push plate 46 for extruding the cover plate 151 is arranged on the connecting shaft 44; when the filter plate is blocked by too much garbage on the filter plate or garbage on the filter plate, waste water is accumulated on the filter plate, water flow is accumulated above the filter plate, the cover plate is pushed to turn over under the action of water flow buoyancy along with the rising of a liquid level, so that the cover plate is turned to be in a horizontal state, after the cover plate rotates to be in a horizontal position, the first push plate is in contact with the cover plate, the cover plate is extruded under the action of the first push plate, the cover plate tends to move downwards, the pressure of a water body on the filter plate is improved, the garbage blocked on the filter plate is conveniently pushed down from the filter plate under the action of pressure, the automatic blockage clearing effect is realized on the filter plate, the backflow phenomenon caused by the fact that the waste water entering the treatment machine cannot fall due to the blockage of the filter plate is prevented, and the reliability of; under the effect of second supporting shoe, be convenient for promote apron up upset when the liquid level rises, carry out effectual control to the direction of apron upset.
The filter plate 2 is provided with a baffle 21, the filter plate 2 is provided with a plurality of third through holes 22, and the surface of the filter plate 2 is provided with a first bump 23; a first connecting plate 45 is arranged at the bottom of the connecting shaft 44, a second bump 451 matched with the first bump 23 is arranged at the bottom of the first connecting plate 45, and the first bump and the second bump are both in an arc-shaped structure, so that the influence of the bumps on the rotation of the connecting plate is avoided; the baffle has a blocking effect on the garbage on the filter plate, so that the garbage is prevented from falling off the filter plate, the garbage is prevented from falling off the filter plate when the filter plate is taken out from the opening, and the garbage on the filter plate is convenient to clean; the connection pad is when rotating, drive the connecting axle and rotate, it rotates to make the connecting axle drive first connecting plate, first connecting plate makes first lug and second lug mutually support when rotating, under the mutually supporting of first lug and second lug, make the discontinuous downstream of filter, thereby make the filter produce fore-and-aft vibrations, be convenient for shake rubbish from the filter under the vibrations of filter, prevent that the third through hole from blockking up, make the rubbish in the third through hole drop fast under the effect of vibrations and rivers.
A second connecting plate 13 is arranged on the inner wall of the discharge hole, a plurality of first supporting springs 131 are arranged on the second connecting plate 13, and first supporting blocks 132 matched with the filter plate 2 are arranged at the tops of the first supporting springs 131; a third connecting plate 14 is arranged on the inner wall of the treatment box, a vibration spring 141 is arranged at the bottom of the third connecting plate, and a third supporting block 142 is arranged at the bottom of the vibration spring; the first supporting block provides a supporting effect for the filter plate, vibration generated by the filter plate is amplified under the action of the first supporting spring, the vibration effect of the filter plate is improved, the filter plate is enabled to continuously rotate under the action of the first supporting spring, the third through hole is prevented from being blocked by garbage, and the filtering effect of the filter plate is improved; the third supporting block is mutually matched with the first supporting block, the vibration frequency of the filter plate is controlled, and the damage to the inner wall of the treatment box due to overlarge vibration of the filter plate is avoided.
A first movable cavity is arranged in the connecting shaft 44, a fourth through hole 441 and a fifth through hole which are communicated with the first movable cavity are arranged on the side wall of the connecting shaft 44, the fourth through hole 441 is arranged above the fifth through hole, the first push plate 46 is arranged in the fourth through hole 441 in a penetrating manner, a floating plate 4101 is arranged in the fifth through hole in a penetrating manner, and the floating plate 4101 is matched with the first push plate 46 through a transmission assembly; when the third through hole is blockked up, waste water is amasss in the filter top, make and handle incasement volume and leave a certain amount of waste water, drive the kickboard up motion along with the rising of liquid level, under drive assembly's effect, power transmission that rises the kickboard gives first push pedal, make first push pedal be descending motion, be convenient for first push pedal contacts with the apron, make first push pedal produce the extrusion effect to the apron, make the apron produce down the motion trend, play the propelling movement effect to the rubbish in the third through hole, the effectual rubbish with in the third through hole is released, play the clear stifled effect of unblock to the third through hole.
The transmission assembly comprises a first connecting pipe 49 arranged in the first movable cavity and a push rod 47 penetrating through the first connecting pipe 49, a first connecting block 48 is arranged on the inner wall of the first connecting pipe 49, a first air pressure cavity is arranged in the first connecting block 48, an air storage cavity 491 communicated with the first air pressure cavity is arranged in the side wall of the first connecting pipe 49, and a push block 471 matched with the first air pressure cavity is arranged on the push rod 47; when the filter plate is blocked, waste water is accumulated above the filter plate, the floating plate is pushed to move upwards under the action of buoyancy of water, the floating plate drives the push rod to move upwards, so that the push rod pushes the push block to move upwards, the push block pushes air flow in the first air pressure cavity to enter the air storage cavity when moving upwards along the first air pressure cavity, the air flow in the air storage cavity is increased, and the first push plate is pushed to move downwards under the action of the air flow, so that the first push plate and the cover plate are convenient to contact with each other; under the effect of atmospheric pressure, turn into the power of first push pedal descending motion with the ascending motion of kickboard, rely on rivers to provide power for first push pedal, realize the linkage of kickboard and first push pedal under the effect of atmospheric pressure, promote the cooperation effect of first push pedal and apron, provide great pressure for the rivers of long-pending stay on the filter, be convenient for release the rubbish in the third through-hole.
A first sealing film is arranged on the push block 471, one end of the first sealing film is connected with the inner wall of the first air pressure cavity, and the other end of the first sealing film is connected with the push block 471; a second sealing film is arranged on one side of the first push plate 46, a third sealing film is arranged on the other side of the first push plate, and the second sealing film and the third sealing film respectively have a sealing effect on each side wall of the air storage cavity; the first sealing film, the second sealing film and the third sealing film are all made of rubber; with gaseous seal deposit in gas storage chamber and first atmospheric pressure intracavity under the effect of seal membrane, avoid gaseous emergence to reveal, make ejector pad and first push pedal also can ensure the leakproofness in gas storage chamber and the first atmospheric pressure intracavity when removing, be convenient for play the transmission effect through the motion of gaseous effect to kickboard and first push pedal, promote the reliability of kickboard and the linkage of first push pedal.
A second supporting spring 442 is arranged in the fourth through hole 441, and the top of the second supporting spring 442 is in contact with the first push plate 46; a third bump 461 is arranged at the bottom of the first push plate 46, a fourth bump 1511 matched with the third bump 461 is arranged on the cover plate 151, and the third bump and the fourth bump are both arc-shaped structures; under the action of the second supporting spring, the first push plate is normally positioned at the top of the fourth through hole, so that the parts in the processor are prevented from being damaged due to the contact of the first push plate and the guide block, and the normal rotation of the connecting disc is facilitated; when first push pedal and apron contacted, first push pedal rotates along with the connecting axle is together, makes the periodic and fourth lug of third lug contact to intermittent messenger's first push pedal is down to press down and is moved a section distance of apron, makes the rubbish in the third through-hole deviate from in the third through-hole after the extrusion many times, and effectual rubbish in the third through-hole is discharged, prevents that the third through-hole from being blockked up.
A bearing block 4 is arranged in the treatment box 1, a fifth convex block 41 is arranged at the top of the bearing block 4, the fifth convex block 41 is of an arc structure, the bearing block 4 is of a conical structure, the bearing block 4 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the treatment box 1 through a first connecting rod, an equipment cavity is arranged at the bottom of the bearing block 4, and a driving motor 42 matched with the connecting disk 43 is arranged in the equipment cavity; the driving motor provides power for the crushing device, so that the crushing device can crush the garbage in the wastewater conveniently, the garbage is crushed into small particles, and a sewer is prevented from being blocked; under the conical structure of the bearing block and the arc-shaped structure of the fifth lug, garbage falling on the bearing block rolls down along the surface of the bearing block, so that the garbage is prevented from being retained on the bearing block, and the interior of the garbage disposer is convenient to clean; set up driving motor in the equipment intracavity of bearing the piece bottom, place rivers and rubbish and drop on driving motor, play the guard action to driving motor, reduce external influence to driving motor, extension driving motor's life.
A grinding block 3 is arranged in the treatment box 1, a sixth through hole 31 matched with the bearing block 4 is formed in the grinding block 3, and the sixth through hole 31 is of a conical structure; the side wall of the grinding block 3 is provided with a transmission plate 32, the inner wall of the treatment box 1 is provided with an installation groove matched with the transmission plate 32, the grinding block is fixed under the action of the transmission plate and the installation groove, the matching effect of the grinding block and the treatment box is improved, the inner wall of the treatment box 1 is also provided with a transmission groove 16 communicated with the installation groove, a transmission wheel 161 matched with the connecting disc 43 is arranged in the transmission groove 16, and the transmission plate is in transmission fit with the transmission wheel; after the garbage falls onto the bearing block from the feeding pipe, the garbage moves downwards along the surface of the bearing block under the action of water flow and gravity; driving motor drive connection pad rotates, the connection pad mutually supports with the drive wheel, it rotates to drive the drive wheel, thereby make the drive wheel drive the driving plate and rotate, make the abrasive brick produce and rotate, rubbish drops from the abrasive brick and accept the gap between the piece when accepting the piece surface and dropping down, the abrasive brick contacts with the great rubbish of part mutually when rotating, play preliminary broken handle to rubbish, make it drop to connection pad position department again after breaking into the tiny particle with great rubbish, promote the crushing effect of breaker to rubbish.
A second movable cavity 25 is arranged on the filter plate 2, a fourth connecting plate 24 is arranged in the second movable cavity 25, a third movable cavity is arranged in the fourth connecting plate 24, a limiting rod 28 penetrates through the third movable cavity, and a limiting groove 29 matched with the limiting rod 28 is arranged in the second movable cavity 25; under the mutually supporting of gag lever post and spacing groove, play fixed action to the fourth connecting plate, fix the fourth connecting plate at the second activity intracavity portion, be convenient for take out the filter from handling the incasement under the effect of fourth connecting plate, make the fourth connecting plate be arranged in the second activity intracavity when not using, prevent that the fourth connecting plate from causing the influence to the installation of refuse treatment machine.
A mounting cavity 242 is formed in the fourth connecting plate 24, and a control assembly for controlling the limiting rod 28 to move horizontally is arranged in the mounting cavity 242; the fourth connecting plate is provided with a third connecting rod 241, so that the fourth connecting plate can be conveniently pulled under the action of the third connecting rod, and the filter plate can be taken out of the treatment box under the action of the fourth connecting plate; when rubbish on the filter is cleared up, the limiting rod is driven to be separated from the limiting groove under the action of the control assembly, the limiting rod is disengaged from the limiting groove, the fourth connecting plate loses the fixing effect in the second movable cavity, the fourth connecting plate is convenient to take out from the second movable cavity, and rubbish on the filter can be conveniently cleared up.
A connecting spring 251 is arranged on the inner wall of the second movable cavity 25, and one end of the connecting spring 251 is fixedly connected with the fourth connecting plate 24; a second connecting pipe 252 is arranged on the inner wall of the second movable cavity 25, a second connecting rod 243 matched with the second connecting pipe 252 is arranged on the fourth connecting plate 24, a limiting plate 244 is arranged at one end of the second connecting rod 243, and the limiting plate 244 is arranged in the second connecting pipe 252; after the limiting rod is disengaged from the limiting groove, the fourth connecting plate is conveniently pushed out of the second movable cavity under the action of the connecting spring, a user can conveniently grab the fourth connecting plate, and the filter plate is conveniently taken out of the treatment box under the action of the fourth connecting plate; the second connecting pipe and the second connecting rod play a guiding role in the movement of the fourth connecting plate, and under the action of the limiting plate and the second connecting pipe, the second limiting rod is prevented from being separated from the second connecting pipe, an acting point is provided for the fourth connecting plate, the fourth connecting plate is prevented from being separated from the second movable cavity, and the filter plate is convenient to take out from the opening under the action of the fourth connecting plate.
The control assembly comprises an air pressure box arranged in the mounting cavity 242, a cavity arranged in the air pressure box and a second push plate 27 arranged in the cavity in a penetrating manner, a partition plate 210 is arranged in the cavity, the partition plate 210 divides the cavity into a second air pressure cavity 247 and a third air pressure cavity 245, a third push plate 271 is arranged at one end of the second push plate 27, and the limiting rod 28 is arranged in the third air pressure cavity 245 in a penetrating manner; when needs take out the filter and clear up it, toward interior extrusion second push pedal, make the second push pedal promote the third push pedal toward the motion of second atmospheric pressure intracavity to change the atmospheric pressure size in second atmospheric pressure chamber and the third atmospheric pressure intracavity, make the gag lever post deviate from the spacing inslot under atmospheric pressure's effect, be convenient for make the fourth connecting plate stretch out from the second activity intracavity under coupling spring's effect, thereby can be convenient take out the filter from handling the incasement and clear up it.
A seventh through hole 2101 is formed in the partition 210, two limiting rods 28 are provided, and the two limiting rods 28 are connected through a fixed spring 246; a first return spring 248 is arranged on the inner wall of the second pneumatic cavity 247, and one end of the first return spring 248 is connected with the third push plate 271; under the action of the seventh through hole, the second air pressure cavity and the third air pressure cavity are communicated with each other, so that the air pressure in the third air pressure cavity can be influenced when the air pressure in the second air pressure cavity is changed, the limiting rod keeps the trend of extending out of the third air pressure cavity under the action of the fixing spring, the limiting rod and the limiting groove are convenient to form mutual matching, the fourth connecting plate is fixed, the fourth connecting plate is prevented from influencing the installation of the processing box, and the fourth connecting plate is prevented from colliding with the outside; after the third push pedal is pushed to enter the second air pressure cavity, the first reset spring and the fixed spring are matched with each other, so that the limiting rod starts to reset, air flow in the third air pressure cavity enters the second air pressure cavity, the motion trend of the limiting rod extending out of the third air pressure cavity is kept, and the fourth connecting plate is conveniently fixed in the second movable cavity when the fourth connecting plate is pushed inwards.
A fourth push plate 26 penetrates through the installation cavity 242, a sliding block 261 is arranged on the side wall of the fourth push plate 26, a sliding groove 220 matched with the sliding block 261 is arranged on the inner wall of the installation cavity 242, and a second return spring 2201 matched with the sliding block 261 is arranged in the sliding groove 220; the fourth push plate is matched with the second push plate, so that the second push plate is conveniently pushed under the action of the fourth push plate; after pushing the slider into the spout bottom, under second reset spring's effect, be convenient for push the spout one end again with the slider to can be convenient make the gag lever post deviate from the spacing inslot, be convenient for pull out the fourth connecting plate, can be convenient take out the filter from handling the incasement and clear up it.
After the treatment box is arranged below the water tank, the feeding pipe is connected with the water outlet pipe of the water tank, waste water in the water tank enters the treatment box together with garbage, the garbage falls onto the bearing block, the grinding block is electrically driven to rotate under the action of the driving motor, the garbage with larger particles is ground into relatively smaller particles under the action of the grinding block, and preliminary crushing treatment can be completed in the process that the garbage falls along the bearing block; the garbage falling along the bearing block falls on the connecting disc, the garbage falls from the first through hole under the rotation of the connecting disc, the garbage is further treated under the action of the crushing knife, the crushing effect on the garbage is improved, the garbage is crushed into smaller particles and then falls on the filter plate, the particles which accord with the size of the third through hole fall off the filter plate, the particles larger than the third through hole are retained on the filter plate, and the garbage is prevented from blocking the drain pipe; when the third through hole is blocked, waste water is accumulated on the filter plate, so that partial water flow is borne on the filter plate, the floating plate moves upwards under the action of buoyancy along with the rising of the liquid level of the water, the push plate moves downwards under the action of the transmission assembly, the cover plate overturns upwards under the action of the buoyancy, the push plate is contacted with the cover plate and pushes the cover plate downwards under the action of the push plate, so that the cover plate extrudes a water body, garbage in the third through hole is pushed downwards under the action of pressure to clear and block the third through hole, the accumulated water on the filter plate is effectively discharged, and the waste water is prevented from being sprayed out of the feeding pipe; when clearing up the filter, toward interior pressing the fourth push pedal, make the fourth push pedal promote the second push pedal to make the gag lever post deviate from the spacing inslot, make the fourth connecting plate follow the second activity inslot roll-off, be convenient for take out the filter from the opening part under the effect of fourth connecting plate, thereby can be convenient clear up the rubbish on the filter.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a prevent kitchen garbage processor of pipeline jam, is including handling case (1), locating the breaker who handles in case (1) and locating filter (2) of breaker below, it is equipped with inlet pipe (11) to handle case (1) top, it is equipped with the discharge gate to handle case (1) bottom, handle be equipped with on case (1) lateral wall with filter (2) matched with opening (12), its characterized in that: a second movable cavity (25) is arranged on the filter plate (2), a fourth connecting plate (24) is arranged in the second movable cavity (25), a third movable cavity is arranged in the fourth connecting plate (24), a limiting rod (28) penetrates through the third movable cavity, and a limiting groove (29) matched with the limiting rod (28) is arranged in the second movable cavity (25); a connecting spring (251) is arranged on the inner wall of the second movable cavity (25), and one end of the connecting spring (251) is fixedly connected with the fourth connecting plate (24); a second connecting pipe (252) is arranged on the inner wall of the second movable cavity (25), a second connecting rod (243) matched with the second connecting pipe (252) is arranged on the fourth connecting plate (24), a limiting plate (244) is arranged at one end of the second connecting rod (243), and the limiting plate (244) is arranged in the second connecting pipe (252); a mounting cavity (242) is formed in the fourth connecting plate (24), and a control assembly for controlling the limiting rod (28) to horizontally move is arranged in the mounting cavity (242); the control assembly comprises an air pressure box arranged in the mounting cavity (242), a cavity arranged in the air pressure box and a second push plate (27) arranged in the cavity in a penetrating mode, a partition plate (210) is arranged in the cavity, the partition plate (210) divides the cavity into a second air pressure cavity (247) and a third air pressure cavity (245), a third push plate (271) is arranged at one end of the second push plate (27), and a limiting rod (28) is arranged in the third air pressure cavity (245) in a penetrating mode; a seventh through hole (2101) is formed in the partition plate (210), two limiting rods (28) are arranged, and the two limiting rods (28) are connected through a fixed spring (246); a first return spring (248) is arranged on the inner wall of the second air pressure cavity (247), and one end of the first return spring (248) is connected with the third push plate (271); the crushing device comprises a connecting disc (43), a first through hole (431) formed in the connecting disc (43) and a crushing knife (432) arranged on the inner wall of the first through hole (431), wherein a connecting shaft (44) matched with the filter plate (2) is arranged at the bottom of the connecting disc (43), and the filter plate (2) can vibrate under the transmission of the connecting shaft (44).
2. The kitchen waste disposer for preventing pipeline blockage according to claim 1, characterized in that: wear to be equipped with fourth push pedal (26) in installation cavity (242), be equipped with slider (261) on fourth push pedal (26) lateral wall, be equipped with on installation cavity (242) inner wall with slider (261) matched with spout (220), be equipped with in spout (220) with slider (261) matched with second reset spring (2201).
3. The kitchen waste disposer for preventing pipeline blockage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inner wall of the treatment box (1) is provided with a guide block (15), the guide block (15) is provided with a second through hole, the bottom of the guide block (15) is movably connected with a cover plate (151), and the cover plate (151) can float on the water surface; and a first push plate (46) for extruding the cover plate (151) is arranged on the connecting shaft (44).
CN201811605080.8A 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 Kitchen waste processor capable of preventing pipeline from being blocked Active CN109853682B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811605080.8A CN109853682B (en) 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 Kitchen waste processor capable of preventing pipeline from being blocked

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN109853682B true CN109853682B (en) 2020-11-06

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110841353A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-02-28 杨义之 Be used for sewage filtration treatment device
CN111441431B (en) * 2020-04-02 2021-08-27 成都科锐志科技有限公司 Kitchen waste machine capable of being cleaned quickly

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3275721B2 (en) * 1996-08-08 2002-04-22 株式会社日立製作所 Garbage processing equipment
KR200440415Y1 (en) * 2008-03-24 2008-06-12 박창수 An apparatus for grinding garbage of sink
CN202906267U (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-04-24 湖南京电开关有限责任公司 Novel low-voltage draw-out type switch cabinet
CN207126609U (en) * 2017-07-13 2018-03-23 周婷 A kind of garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid
CN107313489A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-11-03 岑溪市东正动力科技开发有限公司 A kind of kitchen dirt crushes environmental protecting device
CN108951779A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-12-07 芜湖锦晔双腾新能源科技有限公司 A kind of domestic food waste processing unit
CN109024765A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-18 章警帅 A kind of plug-in rainwater recycle reuse means of wall

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