CN107998688B - Catering industry sewage filter equipment - Google Patents

Catering industry sewage filter equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107998688B
CN107998688B CN201711308322.2A CN201711308322A CN107998688B CN 107998688 B CN107998688 B CN 107998688B CN 201711308322 A CN201711308322 A CN 201711308322A CN 107998688 B CN107998688 B CN 107998688B
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Prior art keywords
plate
oil
unit
extrusion
box
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107998688A (en
Inventor
胡自然
夏静
李淑贤
常正伟
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Institute of Ecological Environment, Nanjing University (Lishui)
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Institute Of Ecological Environment Nanjing University (lishui)
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/01Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D17/00Separation of liquids, not provided for elsewhere, e.g. by thermal diffusion
    • B01D17/02Separation of non-miscible liquids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/50Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition
    • B01D29/56Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition in series connection
    • B01D29/58Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition in series connection arranged concentrically or coaxially
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/88Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor having feed or discharge devices
    • B01D29/94Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor having feed or discharge devices for discharging the filter cake, e.g. chutes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/04Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using press rams
    • B30B9/06Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using press rams co-operating with permeable casings or strainers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of sewage treatment equipment, and particularly relates to a catering industry sewage filtering device which comprises an upper bottom plate, a first side plate, a lower bottom plate, an extrusion unit, a crushing unit, a filtering unit, an oil removing unit, a water circulation unit and an oil storage box, wherein the first side plate is arranged on the upper bottom plate; the oil removing unit comprises an oil suction device and an extrusion device; the oil absorption device comprises a rotating gear, a limiting wheel, a semicircular gear, a chain belt, a limiting plate and an oil absorption sponge; the oil absorption sponge and the limiting plate are arranged on the chain belt in a staggered mode according to the direction of the chain belt; the semicircular gear drives the chain belt to move by rotating the gear; the limiting wheel is used for setting the shape of the chain belt into a pentagon; the rotating gear, the limiting wheel and the semicircular gear are all arranged on the inner surface of the first side plate through a rotating shaft; the squeezing device is used for squeezing out the oil in the oil absorption sponge. The invention is mainly used for treating restaurant sewage, can filter, dry and collect residues in the sewage, and can recover grease in the sewage, thereby improving the utilization rate of resources.

Description

Catering industry sewage filter equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of sewage treatment equipment, and particularly relates to a catering industry sewage filtering device.
Background
China is a large population country, the utilization of resources is always a high concern of China, the efficient utilization of resources can improve the environment of China, increase the income of people and improve the living standard of people, and the sewage treatment and recycling are effective measures for developing and utilizing water resources. The sewage recycling is to treat urban sewage by sewage treatment equipment and then use the urban sewage for non-drinking purposes such as greening, flushing, ornamental water body supplementing and the like. A large amount of leftovers and leftovers can be produced every day in the catering industry, if the leftovers and leftovers are directly discharged, the living environment of people is polluted, and illegal persons can also make illegal cooking oil which is used for harming the life and property safety of people; the leftovers produced in the catering industry can be made into feed by pressing and drying, and the leftovers in the waste water can be recycled and converted into biodiesel to improve the utilization rate of resources.
the prior art also discloses a technical scheme of an air floatation oil removal device, for example, a Chinese patent with the application number of 201521061095.4 discloses an air floatation oil removal device, which belongs to the field of physical oil removal equipment. It includes air supporting chamber and clarification chamber, there are air supporting pipe and centrifugal wheel in the air supporting chamber, the air supporting pipe is around the air supporting chamber bottom, the centrifugal wheel is in the middle of the air supporting chamber bottom, there is the fender net on the air supporting chamber, there is the inlet pipe at air supporting chamber middle part, there is the oil reservoir scraper blade at air supporting chamber top, there is the oil-out on the lateral wall of air supporting chamber top, there is first liquid outlet on the lateral wall of air supporting chamber bottom, the liquid outlet communicates with clarification chamber, there is the baffle in the clarification chamber, there is the drain pipe on the lateral wall of clarification chamber, there is the second liquid outlet on the drain pipe, the second liquid outlet is at the side of drain pipe, there is the governing pipe on drain pipe upper portion, the governing pipe cover just can slide from top to bottom along the drain pipe on the drain. Although the technical scheme can realize the automatic removal of the oil stain, the technical scheme can only drive the sewage to rotate through the centrifugal wheel to deeply remove the oil stain, the equipment occupies a large space, and other recyclable impurities cannot be effectively treated; so that the use of the invention is limited.
In view of the above, the catering industry sewage filtering device provided by the invention can be used for filtering, drying and crushing food and can be used for efficiently recovering oil stains, and has the following specific beneficial effects:
1. The catering industry sewage filtering device comprises an oil removing unit, a filtering unit and a filtering unit, wherein the oil removing unit comprises an oil absorbing device and an extruding device; the oil absorption device comprises a rotating gear, a limiting wheel, a semicircular gear, a chain belt, a limiting plate and an oil absorption sponge; the sponge and the limiting plates are arranged on the chain belt in a staggered mode according to the direction of the chain belt; the semicircular gear drives the chain belt to move by rotating the gear; the limiting wheel is used for setting the shape of the chain belt into a pentagon; the gear, the limiting wheel and the semicircular gear are all arranged on the inner surface of the first side plate through a rotating shaft; the extrusion device comprises a first air pressure rod and a first push block; the first push block is arranged on the inner surface of the first side plate through a first air pressure rod; the squeezing device is used for squeezing out oil in the oil absorption sponge. The oil suction device is matched with the extrusion device to realize the cleaning and recovery of oil dirt in sewage.
2. the invention relates to a catering industry sewage filtering device, wherein an extrusion unit comprises an extrusion box, a mounting box, a filter plate, a second air pressure rod and a slide rail rotating wheel mechanism; the extrusion box is connected with the lower surface of the upper bottom plate through the mounting box, and a slide rail rotating wheel mechanism is arranged between the extrusion box and the mounting box; the sliding rail rotating wheel mechanism is used for enabling the extrusion box and the mounting box to move relatively; the extrusion box is of a rectangular structure without a right side plate; the mounting box is of a rectangular structure without a right side plate; the right side of the extrusion box is provided with a filter plate, and the filter plate is connected with the left side surface of the second plate through a second air pressure rod; the surfaces of the mounting box and the extrusion box are respectively provided with a second feeding hole and a third feeding hole in a concentric manner; the second feeding hole is connected with the third feeding hole through a folding pipe; the side surfaces of the mounting box and the extrusion box are respectively provided with a second discharge hole and a third discharge hole in a concentric manner; no. two discharge gates and No. three discharge gates are connected through folding tube. The squeezing box is matched with the filter plate to squeeze out moisture in the residues; water flows out through the meshes of the filter plate; so that the invention can separate solid and liquid of the residue.
3. The invention relates to a catering industry sewage filtering device, wherein a crushing unit comprises crushing blades, a dryer and a drying box; a suction pump is arranged above the drying box; the suction pump is used for conveying the residues in the extrusion unit to the drying box; the dryer is positioned on the inner wall of the left side of the drying box; the crushing blade is used for crushing residues in the drying box. The drying-machine realizes the crushing stoving to the residue through with crushing blade cooperation, is convenient for retrieve the residue and make into the fodder.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up for the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a catering industry sewage filtering device which is mainly used for treating restaurant sewage, can filter, dry and collect residues in the sewage and can recover grease in the sewage. The oil absorption sponge is used for extruding oil in the oil absorption sponge through the extruding device. The oil absorption device is matched with the extrusion device to realize the cleaning and recovery of oil in the sewage; meanwhile, the squeezing box is matched with the filter plate to squeeze out moisture in the residues, so that the structure of the filter is simplified.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to a catering industry sewage filtering device which comprises an upper bottom plate, a first side plate, a lower bottom plate, an extrusion unit, a crushing unit, a filtering unit, an oil removing unit, a water circulation unit and an oil storage box, wherein the upper bottom plate is provided with a first side plate; the upper bottom plate is arranged on the lower bottom plate through a first side plate, and a first feeding hole penetrating through the upper bottom plate is formed in the upper surface of the upper bottom plate; an extrusion unit is arranged below the first feeding hole; a first plate, a second plate and a third plate are sequentially arranged on the upper surface of the lower bottom plate from left to right; the crushing unit is positioned on the left side of the first plate; the filtering unit is positioned between the first plate and the second plate; the oil removing unit is positioned between the second plate and the third plate; the water circulation unit is positioned on the right side of the third plate and comprises a first water tank and a second water tank; a first baffle and a filter screen are arranged between the third plate and the first side plate from top to bottom; the first water tank is positioned between the filter screen and the lower bottom plate; the second water tank is positioned between the first baffle and the filter screen; the oil storage box is used for storing the grease in the oil removing unit; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the first plate is sequentially provided with a first slag outlet and a second slag outlet from top to bottom; the lower end of the second plate is provided with a first liquid inlet; the third plate is sequentially provided with a second liquid inlet and a third liquid inlet from top to bottom; a third slag outlet is formed in the left lower portion of the first side plate on the left side, and an oil outlet, a fourth liquid inlet and a fifth liquid inlet are sequentially formed in the right surface of the first side plate from top to bottom;
the oil removing unit comprises an oil suction device and an extrusion device; the oil absorption device comprises a rotating gear, a limiting wheel, a semicircular gear, a chain belt, a limiting plate and an oil absorption sponge; the oil absorption sponge and the limiting plate are arranged on the chain belt in a staggered mode according to the direction of the chain belt; the semicircular gear drives the chain belt to move by rotating the gear; the limiting wheel is used for setting the shape of the chain belt into a pentagon; the rotating gear, the limiting wheel and the semicircular gear are all arranged on the inner surface of the first side plate through a rotating shaft; the extrusion device comprises a first air pressure rod and a first push block; the first push block is arranged on the inner surface of the first side plate on the right side through a first air pressure rod; the squeezing device is used for squeezing out oil in the oil absorption sponge.
Preferably, the extrusion unit comprises an extrusion box, a mounting box, a filter plate, a second air pressure rod and a slide rail rotating wheel mechanism; the extrusion box is connected with the lower surface of the upper bottom plate through the mounting box, and a slide rail rotating wheel mechanism is arranged between the extrusion box and the mounting box; the sliding rail rotating wheel mechanism is used for enabling the extrusion box and the mounting box to move relatively; the extrusion box is of a rectangular structure without a right side plate; the mounting box is of a rectangular structure without a right side plate; the right side of the extrusion box is provided with a filter plate, and the filter plate is connected with the left side surface of the second plate through a second air pressure rod; the surfaces of the mounting box and the extrusion box are respectively provided with a second feeding hole and a third feeding hole in a concentric manner; the second feeding hole is connected with the third feeding hole through a folding pipe; the side surfaces of the mounting box and the extrusion box are respectively provided with a second discharge hole and a third discharge hole in a concentric manner; no. two discharge gates and No. three discharge gates are connected through folding tube.
Preferably, the crushing unit comprises a crushing blade, a dryer and a drying box; a suction pump is arranged above the drying box; the suction pump is used for conveying the residues in the extrusion unit to the drying box; the dryer is positioned on the inner wall of the left side of the drying box; the crushing blade is used for crushing residues in the drying box.
preferably, the upper surface of the third plate is provided with an oil stain detector; the first push block is of a frustum pyramid structure, and a semi-cylindrical groove is formed in the upper bottom surface of the first push block; the radian of the curved surface of the groove is consistent with that of the limiting wheel; the surface of the groove is provided with a through hole which penetrates through the lower bottom surface of the first push block; the through hole is connected with the suction pump through a pipeline.
preferably, the inner surface of the mounting box is provided with a vibration unit; the vibration unit comprises a positioning block and an elastic piece; elastic pieces are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the positioning block; the elastic piece is a sliding telescopic rod, and a spring is sleeved on the outer layer of the sliding telescopic rod.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. The catering industry sewage filtering device comprises an oil removing unit, a filtering unit and a filtering unit, wherein the oil removing unit comprises an oil absorbing device and an extruding device; the oil absorption device comprises a rotating gear, a limiting wheel, a semicircular gear, a chain belt, a limiting plate and an oil absorption sponge; the sponge and the limiting plates are arranged on the chain belt in a staggered mode according to the direction of the chain belt; the semicircular gear drives the chain belt to move by rotating the gear; the limiting wheel is used for setting the shape of the chain belt into a pentagon; the gear, the limiting wheel and the semicircular gear are all arranged on the inner surface of the first side plate through a rotating shaft; the extrusion device comprises a first air pressure rod and a first push block; the first push block is arranged on the inner surface of the first side plate through a first air pressure rod; the squeezing device is used for squeezing out oil in the oil absorption sponge. The oil suction device is matched with the extrusion device to realize the cleaning and recovery of oil dirt in sewage.
2. The invention relates to a catering industry sewage filtering device, wherein an extrusion unit comprises an extrusion box, a mounting box, a filter plate, a second air pressure rod and a slide rail rotating wheel mechanism; the extrusion box is connected with the lower surface of the upper bottom plate through the mounting box, and a slide rail rotating wheel mechanism is arranged between the extrusion box and the mounting box; the sliding rail rotating wheel mechanism is used for enabling the extrusion box and the mounting box to move relatively; the extrusion box is of a rectangular structure without a right side plate; the mounting box is of a rectangular structure without a right side plate; the right side of the extrusion box is provided with a filter plate, and the filter plate is connected with the left side surface of the second plate through a second air pressure rod; the surfaces of the mounting box and the extrusion box are respectively provided with a second feeding hole and a third feeding hole in a concentric manner; the second feeding hole is connected with the third feeding hole through a folding pipe; the side surfaces of the mounting box and the extrusion box are respectively provided with a second discharge hole and a third discharge hole in a concentric manner; no. two discharge gates and No. three discharge gates are connected through folding tube. The squeezing box is matched with the filter plate to squeeze out moisture in the residues; water flows out through the meshes of the filter plate; so that the invention can separate solid and liquid of the residue.
3. The invention relates to a catering industry sewage filtering device, wherein a crushing unit comprises crushing blades, a dryer and a drying box; a suction pump is arranged above the drying box; the suction pump is used for conveying the residues in the extrusion unit to the drying box; the dryer is positioned on the inner wall of the left side of the drying box; the crushing blade is used for crushing residues in the drying box. The drying-machine realizes the crushing stoving to the residue through with crushing blade cooperation, is convenient for retrieve the residue and make into the fodder.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the construction of the cutting board of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a first push block according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a limiting plate according to the present invention;
In the figure: an upper bottom plate 1, a first side plate 11, a lower bottom plate 12, an extrusion unit 2, a crushing unit 3, a filtering unit 4, an oil removing unit 5, a water circulating unit 6, an oil storage box 7, a first feed inlet 13, a first plate 14, a second plate 15, a third plate 16, a first water tank 61, a second water tank 62, a first baffle 161, a filtering net 162, a first slag outlet 41, a second slag outlet 42, a first liquid inlet 151, a second liquid inlet 163, a third liquid inlet 164, a third slag outlet 165, an oil outlet 166, a fourth liquid inlet 167, a fifth liquid inlet 168, an oil suction device 51, an extrusion device 52, a rotating gear 511, a limiting wheel 512, a semicircular gear 513, a chain belt 514, a limiting plate 515, a sponge oil suction 516, a first air pressure rod 521, a first push block 522, a first wheel 531, a second wheel 532, a third wheel 533, a fourth wheel 534, an oil collecting tank 19, an extrusion box 21, a mounting box 22, a filtering plate 23, a second air pressure rod 24, a first air pressure rod 24, The device comprises a sliding rail rotating wheel mechanism 25, a suction pump 18, a groove 523, a through hole 524, a vibration unit 525, a positioning block 526, an elastic piece 527, an air inlet 23, a flow guide plate 528, a semi-cylindrical hole 529, a cutting plate 213, a circular groove 214, scraping teeth 215, a crushing blade 31, a dryer 32, a filter cylinder 33, a baffle plate 34, a crushing rod 35, a second hole 341, a detector 17, a second feeding hole 26, a third feeding hole 27, a folding pipe 28, a second feeding hole 211, a third feeding hole 212, a third pneumatic rod 214, a first-stage filter screen 43 and a second-stage filter screen 44.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
as shown in fig. 1 to 4, the restaurant sewage filtering device comprises an upper bottom plate 1, a first side plate 11, a lower bottom plate 12, an extrusion unit 2, a crushing unit 3, a filtering unit 4, an oil removing unit 5, a water circulating unit 6 and an oil storage box 7; the upper bottom plate 1 is arranged on the lower bottom plate 12 through a first side plate 11, and a first feeding hole 13 penetrating through the upper bottom plate 1 is formed in the upper surface of the upper bottom plate 1; an extrusion unit 2 is arranged below the first feeding hole 13; a first plate 14, a second plate 15 and a third plate 16 are sequentially arranged on the upper surface of the lower bottom plate 12 from left to right; the crushing unit 3 is positioned on the left side of a first plate 14; the filter unit 4 is positioned between the first plate 14 and the second plate 15; the oil removal unit 5 is positioned between the second plate 15 and the third plate 16; the water circulation unit 6 is positioned on the right side of the third plate 16, and the water circulation unit 6 comprises a first water tank 61 and a second water tank 62; a first baffle 161 and a filter screen 162 are arranged between the third plate 16 and the first side plate 11 from top to bottom; the first water tank 61 is positioned between the filter screen 162 and the lower base plate 12; the second water tank 62 is positioned between the first baffle 161 and the filter screen 162; the oil storage box 7 is used for storing the grease in the oil removing unit 5; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
The first plate 14 is provided with a first slag outlet 41 and a second slag outlet 42 from top to bottom in sequence; a first liquid inlet 151 is formed in the lower end of the second plate 15; the third plate 16 is sequentially provided with a second liquid inlet 163 and a third liquid inlet 164 from top to bottom; a third slag outlet 165 is arranged at the left lower part of the first side plate 11 positioned at the left side, and an oil outlet 166, a fourth liquid inlet 167 and a fifth liquid inlet 168 are sequentially arranged on the right surface of the first side plate 11 from top to bottom;
The oil removing unit 5 comprises an oil suction device 51 and a squeezing device 52; the oil absorption device 51 comprises a rotating gear 511, a limiting wheel 512, a semicircular gear 513, a chain belt 514, a limiting plate 515 and an oil absorption sponge 516; the oil absorption sponge 516 and the limiting plate 515 are arranged on the chain belt 514 in a staggered manner according to the direction of the chain belt 514; the semicircular gear 513 drives the chain belt 514 to move by rotating the gear 511; the limiting wheel 512 is used for setting the chain belt 514 into a pentagon shape; the rotating gear 511, the limiting wheel 512 and the semicircular gear 513 are all arranged on the inner surface of the first side plate 11 through rotating shafts; the extrusion device 52 comprises a first air pressure rod 521 and a first push block 522; the first push block 522 is arranged on the inner surface of the first side plate 11 on the right side through a first air pressure rod 521; the squeezing device 52 is used for squeezing out the oil in the oil absorption sponge 516.
The limiting wheel 512 comprises a first wheel 531, a second wheel 532, a third wheel 533 and a fourth wheel 534; the fourth wheel 534 is matched with the squeezing device 52 to squeeze the oil stains in the oil absorption sponge 516; when the oil-water separator works, grease enters between the second plate 15 and the third plate 16, and the controller controls the water circulation unit 6 to add water into the grease to dilute the grease in the oil collecting tank 19; the controller drives the rotating gear 511 to intermittently rotate by controlling the semicircular gear 513; the rotating gear 511 realizes that the rotating gear 511 can only rotate anticlockwise by being matched with the pawl; the rotating gear 511 is matched with the limiting wheel 512 to drive the oil absorption sponge 516 to absorb the grease; the semicircular gear 513 rotates for a circle to drive the oil absorption sponge 516 to intermittently move for one unit along the chain belt 514; when the oil absorption sponge 516 stops at the position of the fourth wheel 534, the controller drives the first push block 522 to extrude the oil absorption sponge 516 by controlling the stretching of the first air pressure rod 521, and the extruded oil falls into the oil storage box 7.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the pressing unit 2 includes a pressing box 21, a mounting box 22, a filter plate 23, a second air pressure rod 24, a cutting plate 213 and a slide rail rotating wheel mechanism 25; the extrusion box 21 is connected with the lower surface of the upper base plate 1 through a mounting box 22, and a slide rail rotating wheel mechanism 25 is arranged between the extrusion box 21 and the mounting box 22; the slide rail rotating wheel mechanism 25 is used for enabling the extrusion box 21 and the mounting box 22 to move relatively; the extrusion box 21 is of a rectangular structure without a right side plate; the mounting box 22 is of a rectangular structure without a right side plate; the right side of the extrusion box 21 is provided with a filter plate 23, and the filter plate 23 is connected with the left side surface of the second plate 15 through a second air pressure rod 24; a second feeding hole 26 and a third feeding hole 27 are concentrically arranged on the surfaces of the mounting box 22 and the extrusion box 21 respectively; the second feeding hole 26 and the third feeding hole 27 are connected through a folding pipe 28; the side surfaces of the mounting box 22 and the extrusion box 21 are respectively provided with a second discharge hole 211 and a third discharge hole 212 in a concentric manner; the second discharge port 211 and the third discharge port 212 are connected through a folding pipe 28; the cutting plate 213 is mounted on the inner surface of the extrusion box 21 through a third pneumatic rod 214; the cutting plate 213 cuts the residue in the sewage by pressing with the filter plate 23.
the filter unit 4 includes a primary filter 43 and a secondary filter 44; the filtering unit 4 is arranged between the first plate 14 and the second plate 15; the first-stage filter screen 43 is positioned above the second-stage filter screen 44; the sewage falls into the extrusion box 21 from the first feeding hole 13, the second feeding hole 26 and the third feeding hole 27, the controller enables the cutting plate 213 to move leftwards by controlling the third air pressure rod 214 to contract, and the cutting plate 213 is attached to the inner wall of the extrusion box 21; then the controller pushes the filter plate 23 to move to the left side by controlling the stretching of the second air pressure rod 24, and the water in the sewage falls into the filter unit 4 along the meshes of the filter plate 23; meanwhile, the filter plate 23 compresses the meal in the sewage into blocks; then the controller controls the third pneumatic rod 214 to stretch, and the second pneumatic rod 24 to contract; the cutting plate 213 and the filter plate 23 are moved to the right side; then the controller controls the second air pressure rod 24 to stop contracting; the third pneumatic rod 214 pushes the cutting plate 213 to move to the right side continuously, so that the residue is cut.
as an embodiment of the present invention, the pulverizing unit 3 includes pulverizing blades 31, a dryer 32, a filter cartridge 33, a striker plate 34, and a pulverizing rod 35; the filter cartridge 33 is rotatably connected with the upper surface of the lower bottom plate 12; the crushing blade 31 is arranged on the lower surface of the filter cylinder 33 through a motor; the pulverizing rod is horizontally hinged on the inner surface of the filter cartridge 33 in the circumferential direction of the dryer 32; the dryer 32 is arranged between the side plates and the first plate 14 through a material baffle plate 34; a second hole 341 is formed in the center of the striker plate 34, and the second hole 341 is in a circular truncated cone shape; the surface of the pulverizing rod 35 is provided with saw-tooth projections.
The suction pump 18 sucks the meal in the pressing block through the second discharge port 211 and the third discharge port 212 and conveys the meal in the pressing block into the filter cartridge 33; the controller drives the filter cylinder 33 to rotate through the motor, and simultaneously drives the crushing blades 31 to rotate reversely through the motor; the curved surface of the filter cartridge 33 is provided with filter holes, wherein the crushing blades 31 crush the residue by rotating in the opposite direction to the filter cartridge 33; while the filter cartridge 33 is rotating, the crushing rod 35 is moved closer to the horizontal direction by the centrifugal force, and the crushing rod 35 crushes the residue by colliding with the residue; when the filter cylinder 33 rotates, the small-particle residue is thrown out of the outer layer of the filter cylinder 33 through the through hole of the filter cylinder 33, and the dryer 32 has the effect of drying the residue.
As an embodiment of the present invention, an oil contamination detector 17 is disposed on the upper surface of the third plate 16; the first push block 522 is of a frustum pyramid structure, and a semi-cylindrical groove 523 is formed in the upper bottom surface of the first push block 522; the radian of the curved surface of the groove 523 is consistent with that of the limiting wheel 512; a through hole 524 penetrating to the lower bottom surface of the first push block 522 is formed in the surface of the groove 523; the through hole 524 is connected to a suction pump through a pipe.
The first push block 522 is provided with a semi-cylindrical groove 523 used for deeply extruding the oil absorption sponge 516, and meanwhile, the suction pump sucks the grease in the oil absorption sponge 516 through the through hole 524; meanwhile, the air pressure between the oil absorption sponge 516 and the first pressing block is reduced, and the first pressing block 522 is convenient to extrude the oil absorption sponge 516. The suction pump conveys the grease sucked from the oil suction sponge 516 to the oil storage box 7; the oil contamination detector 17 is used to detect the level of oil contamination and the controller then controls the level of liquid in the oil sump 19 by controlling the water circulation system to add water to the oil sump 19 and to draw water from it.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the inner surface of the mounting box 22 is provided with a vibration unit 525; the vibration unit 525 includes a positioning block 526 and an elastic member 527; elastic pieces 527 are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the positioning block 526; the elastic member 527 is a sliding telescopic rod, and the outer layer of the sliding telescopic rod is sleeved with a spring.
The inner surface of the mounting box 22 is provided with an air inlet 23 connected with a suction pump; when the suction pump outputs air to the inside of the mounting box 22 through the air inlet 23, the pressing box 21 moves to the right side relative to the mounting box 22 through the sliding rail rotating machine, and meanwhile, the elastic piece 527 stretches; when the suction pump sucks air into the mounting box 22, the pressing box 21 moves towards the left side relative to the mounting box 22, and meanwhile, the elastic piece 527 contracts to accelerate the pressing box 21 to move towards the left; when the crush box 21 comes into contact with the positioning block 526, the leftward movement is abruptly stopped, thereby vibrating the residue attached to the crush box 21.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the upper end of the limiting plate 515 is provided with a drainage plate 528; the left side surface of the drainage plate 528 is a circular arc-shaped curved surface, and the right side surface of the drainage plate 528 is provided with a semi-cylindrical hole 529; the semi-cylindrical holes 529 serve to prevent grease from flowing along the drainage plate 528.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the cutting plate 213 is a rectangular plate, and twelve circular grooves 214 are uniformly formed on the cutting plate 213; the circular groove 214 has a tapered scraping tooth 215 mounted therein. The cutting plate 213 realizes the extrusion cutting of the residue by cooperating with the filter plate 23.
in operation, sewage falls into the extrusion unit 2 from the first feeding hole 13, the second feeding hole 26 and the third feeding hole 27, the extrusion unit 2 extrudes residues in the sewage, the sewage falls into the filtering unit 4 along the filtering plate 23 in the extrusion unit 2, and the residues fall into the crushing unit 3 through the suction pump for crushing; the filter unit 4 further filters the sewage, and the residue falls into the pulverizing unit 3 from the first slag outlet 41 and the second slag outlet 42 to be pulverized. The controller controls the suction pump to enable the first liquid inlet 151 to convey the filtrate in the filtering unit 4 to the oil collecting tank 19, and the controller controls the water circulation system to add water from the second liquid inlet 163 to the oil collecting tank 19 for dilution; the oil removing unit 5 conveys oil in the sewage into an oil storage box 7; when the liquid level in the oil collecting tank 19 is higher than the preset value, the controller controls the water circulation system to enable water in the oil collecting tank 19 to flow into the first water tank 61 from the third liquid inlet 164, and the water flows into the second water tank 62 through the filter screen 162; when the water level in the oil collecting tank 19 is lower than the preset value, the water in the second water tank 62 is input into the oil collecting tank 19 through the second liquid inlet 163; impurities in the first water tank 61 are discharged through a fifth liquid inlet 168; the fourth liquid inlet 167 is used for adding water into the water circulation system from the outside.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a catering industry sewage filter equipment which characterized in that: comprises an upper bottom plate (1), a first side plate (11), a lower bottom plate (12), an extrusion unit (2), a crushing unit (3), a filtering unit (4), an oil removing unit (5), a water circulation unit (6) and an oil storage box (7); the upper bottom plate (1) is mounted on the lower bottom plate (12) through a first side plate (11), and a first feeding hole (13) penetrating through the upper bottom plate (1) is formed in the upper surface of the upper bottom plate (1); an extrusion unit (2) is arranged below the first feeding hole (13); a first plate (14), a second plate (15) and a third plate (16) are sequentially arranged on the upper surface of the lower bottom plate (12) from left to right; the crushing unit (3) is positioned on the left side of a first plate (14); the filter unit (4) is positioned between a first plate (14) and a second plate (15); the oil removal unit (5) is positioned between the second plate (15) and the third plate (16); the water circulation unit (6) is positioned on the right side of the third plate (16), and the water circulation unit (6) comprises a first water tank (61) and a second water tank (62); a first baffle (161) and a filter screen (162) are arranged between the third plate (16) and the first side plate (11) from top to bottom; the first water tank (61) is positioned between the filter screen (162) and the lower bottom plate (12); the second water tank (62) is positioned between the first baffle (161) and the filter screen (162); the oil storage box (7) is used for storing grease in the oil removing unit (5); wherein the content of the first and second substances,
The first plate (14) is sequentially provided with a first slag outlet (41) and a second slag outlet (42) from top to bottom; a first liquid inlet (151) is formed in the lower end of the second plate (15); the third plate (16) is sequentially provided with a second liquid inlet (163) and a third liquid inlet (164) from top to bottom; a third slag outlet (165) is formed in the left lower portion of the first side plate (11) located on the left side, and an oil outlet (166), a fourth liquid inlet (167) and a fifth liquid inlet (168) are sequentially formed in the right surface of the first side plate (11) from top to bottom;
the oil removing unit (5) comprises an oil suction device (51) and a squeezing device (52); the oil absorption device (51) comprises a rotating gear (511), a limiting wheel (512), a semicircular gear (513), a chain belt (514), a limiting plate (515) and an oil absorption sponge (516); the oil absorption sponge (516) and the limiting plate (515) are arranged on the chain belt (514) in a staggered mode according to the direction of the chain belt (514); the semicircular gear (513) drives the chain belt (514) to move through the rotating gear (511); the limiting wheel (512) is used for setting the shape of the chain belt (514) into a pentagon; the rotating gear (511), the limiting wheel (512) and the semicircular gear (513) are all installed on the inner surface of the first side plate (11) through rotating shafts; the extrusion device (52) comprises a first air pressure rod (521) and a first push block (522); the first push block (522) is arranged on the inner surface of the first side plate (11) on the right side through a first air pressure rod (521); the squeezing device (52) is used for squeezing out the oil in the oil absorption sponge (516);
The extrusion unit (2) comprises an extrusion box (21), a mounting box (22), a filter plate (23), a second air pressure rod (24), a cutting plate (213) and a slide rail rotating wheel mechanism (25); the extrusion box (21) is connected with the lower surface of the upper base plate (1) through a mounting box (22), and a slide rail rotating wheel mechanism (25) is arranged between the extrusion box (21) and the mounting box (22); the sliding rail rotating wheel mechanism (25) is used for enabling the extrusion box (21) and the mounting box (22) to move relatively; the extrusion box (21) is of a rectangular structure without a right side plate; the mounting box (22) is of a rectangular structure without a right side plate; a filter plate (23) is arranged on the right side of the extrusion box (21), and the filter plate (23) is connected with the left side surface of the second plate (15) through a second air pressure rod (24); the surfaces of the mounting box (22) and the extrusion box (21) are respectively provided with a second feeding hole (26) and a third feeding hole (27) in a concentric manner; the second feeding hole (26) is connected with the third feeding hole (27) through a folding pipe (28); the side surfaces of the mounting box (22) and the extrusion box (21) are respectively provided with a second discharge hole (211) and a third discharge hole (212) in a concentric manner; the second discharge port (211) is connected with the third discharge port (212) through a folding pipe (28); the cutting plate (213) is arranged on the inner surface of the extrusion box (21) through a third air pressure rod (214); the cutting plate (213) is used for extruding and cutting the residue in the sewage by extruding with the filter plate (23);
The crushing unit (3) comprises crushing blades (31), a dryer (32), a filter cylinder (33), a material baffle plate (34) and a crushing rod (35); the filter cartridge (33) is rotatably connected with the upper surface of the lower bottom plate; the crushing blade (31) is arranged on the lower surface of the filter cylinder (33) through a motor; the pulverizing rod is horizontally arranged on the inner surface of the filter cartridge (33) in the circumferential direction of the dryer (32); the dryer (32) is arranged between the side plates and the first plate (14) through a material baffle plate (34); a second hole (341) is formed in the center of the material baffle plate (34), and the second hole (341) is of a circular truncated cone shape;
An oil stain detector (17) is arranged on the upper surface of the third plate (16); the first push block (522) is of a frustum pyramid structure, and a semi-cylindrical groove (523) is formed in the upper bottom surface of the first push block (522); the radian of the curved surface of the groove (523) is consistent with that of the limiting wheel (512); a through hole (524) penetrating to the lower bottom surface of the first push block (522) is formed in the surface of the groove (523); the through hole (524) is connected with the suction pump through a pipeline.
2. the catering industry sewage filtering device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the inner surface of the mounting box (22) is provided with a vibration unit (525); the vibrating unit (525) comprises a positioning block (526) and an elastic piece (527); elastic pieces (527) are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the positioning block (526); the elastic piece (527) is a sliding telescopic rod, and the outer layer of the sliding telescopic rod is sleeved with a spring.
3. the catering industry sewage filtering device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the upper end of the limiting plate (515) is provided with a drainage plate (528); the left side surface of the drainage plate (528) is a circular arc-shaped curved surface, and the right side surface of the drainage plate (528) is provided with a semi-cylindrical hole (529); the semi-cylindrical holes (529) are used to prevent grease from flowing along the drainage plate (528).
4. the catering industry sewage filtering device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cutting plate (213) is a rectangular plate, and twelve circular grooves (214) are uniformly formed in the cutting plate (213); the circular groove (214) is internally provided with a conical scraping tooth (215).
CN201711308322.2A 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 Catering industry sewage filter equipment Active CN107998688B (en)

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CN109513495B (en) * 2018-11-14 2020-10-27 安徽航睿电子科技有限公司 New forms of energy living beings material preprocessing equipment
CN113018932A (en) * 2021-03-18 2021-06-25 钟淑媛 Filtering mechanism for sewage treatment

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US7938926B2 (en) * 2002-11-12 2011-05-10 United Wire Limited Manufacture of a filtering system
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CN205412326U (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-08-03 吕美 Novel multi -functional oil filter
CN106424102B (en) * 2016-10-11 2018-09-25 重庆市伟凡环保科技有限公司 A kind of food waste treater and method

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