CN109466840B - Box type packaging equipment capable of being filled quickly - Google Patents

Box type packaging equipment capable of being filled quickly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109466840B
CN109466840B CN201811508534.XA CN201811508534A CN109466840B CN 109466840 B CN109466840 B CN 109466840B CN 201811508534 A CN201811508534 A CN 201811508534A CN 109466840 B CN109466840 B CN 109466840B
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China
Prior art keywords
controller
telescopic device
packing
product
blank
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CN201811508534.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109466840A (en
Inventor
郑格平
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Shanghai Wantong Printing Co ltd
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Shanghai Wantong Printing Co ltd
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Priority to CN201811508534.XA priority Critical patent/CN109466840B/en
Publication of CN109466840A publication Critical patent/CN109466840A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B65/00Details peculiar to packaging machines and not otherwise provided for; Arrangements of such details
    • B65B65/003Packaging lines, e.g. general layout
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/10Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles
    • B65B35/20Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles by reciprocating or oscillatory pushers
    • B65B35/205Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles by reciprocating or oscillatory pushers linked to endless conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/26Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/42Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation
    • B65B43/52Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation using roller-ways or endless conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B57/00Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices
    • B65B57/02Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of binding or wrapping material, containers, or packages
    • B65B57/04Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of binding or wrapping material, containers, or packages and operating to control, or to stop, the feed of such material, containers, or packages

Abstract

The invention discloses a box type packaging device capable of being quickly filled, which is used for filling products into a packaging box, wherein the packaging box is formed by opening a packaging box blank, the packaging box blank is provided with a side sealing gap, and the box type packaging device capable of being quickly filled comprises: mechanism, pushing mechanism, packing carton embryo are sent into to the product, the packing carton embryo struts mechanism, finished product and spreads mechanism and controller, and the packing carton embryo struts the mechanism and includes: first telescoping device and first grabbing device, first telescoping device and first grabbing device respectively with controller electric connection, first telescoping device be located the opposite side of first conveyer belt and with hold the relative setting of frame, the product is sent into the mechanism and is equipped with the baffle that targets in place, the controller is used for controlling first telescoping device and extends to drive first grabbing device and be close to the packing carton embryo that holds the outside on the frame, make the packing carton embryo that inhales and grab strut and be located the product and send into the mechanism top. The box type packaging equipment capable of being quickly filled has high automation degree and high production efficiency.

Description

Box type packaging equipment capable of being filled quickly
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of printing packaging, in particular to box-type packaging equipment capable of being filled quickly.
Background
The purpose of the package is to protect the product in the process of circulation, facilitate storage and transportation and promote sale. The current popularity of the logistics industry has higher and higher requirements on the packaging process of commodities, so that the demand of high-efficiency and high-quality packaging equipment on the market is higher. The packaging equipment is equipment capable of completing all or part of product and commodity packaging processes, wherein the packaging process comprises main processes such as filling, wrapping, sealing and the like, and related front and back processes such as cleaning, stacking, disassembling and the like. The product is packaged by a machine, so that the production efficiency can be improved, the labor intensity can be reduced, the requirement of large-scale production can be met, and the requirements of cleanness and sanitation can be met. The box type packaging equipment capable of being quickly filled is applied to a filling process of products, and the box type packaging equipment capable of being quickly filled fills the products into the packaging boxes in an assembly line procedure. The carton is generally the quadrangular of both ends open-ended about, and four edges of open-ended all are equipped with four lid that can turn over and roll over, all are equipped with a semicircular groove on two relative lids, and a batch of carton is piled up together and is formed a carton group, conveniently takes.
Most of the operations of the filling procedure of the box type package in the prior art are manually completed and cannot form a streamline operation. Specifically, the packing box is opened manually, the product is placed into the packing box manually, then the packing box filled with the product is placed on the conveying mechanism and conveyed to the sealing equipment for sealing. However, the filling process in the prior art has poor automation degree, more manual work amount and low production efficiency.
Therefore, the design of a box type packaging device which has high automation degree and high production efficiency and can be filled quickly is an urgent problem to be solved in the field.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the invention provides box type packaging equipment capable of being filled quickly, which has high automation degree and high production efficiency.
The invention provides a box type packaging device capable of being filled quickly, which is used for filling products into a packaging box, wherein the packaging box is formed by opening a packaging box blank, the packaging box blank is provided with a side sealing gap, and the box type packaging device capable of being filled quickly comprises: the device comprises a product feeding mechanism, a pushing mechanism, a packaging box blank feeding mechanism, a packaging box blank spreading mechanism, a finished product delivery mechanism and a controller;
the finished product delivery mechanism comprises: a first conveyor belt;
the packing carton embryo send into the mechanism and includes: the containing frame is used for containing a plurality of transversely-arranged packaging box blanks, the containing frame is positioned on one side of the first conveying belt, and blocking pieces are arranged on the containing frame and used for extending into side sealing gaps of the packaging box blanks on the outermost side;
the packing carton embryo struts mechanism includes: the first telescopic device and the first sucking and grabbing device are respectively and electrically connected with the controller, the first sucking and grabbing device is arranged on the first telescopic device, and the first telescopic device is positioned on the other side of the first conveyor belt and is opposite to the containing frame;
the expanding bracket is arranged above the first conveyor belt;
the top end of the C-shaped support is rotatably hinged to the spreading support and only rotates in the plane where the C-shaped support is located;
the head end of the C-shaped bracket is provided with a first wear-resistant head, and the tail end of the C-shaped bracket is provided with a second wear-resistant head;
the end part of the telescopic rod of the first telescopic device is provided with a fixed plate, the sucking and grabbing device is arranged on the fixed plate, when the telescopic rod of the first telescopic device drives the fixed plate to contract, the fixed plate supports against the second wear-resisting head to drive the C-shaped bracket to rotate, and the first wear-resisting head presses downwards and supports against the upper side surface of the opened packaging box blank;
the product feeding mechanism comprises: the second conveyor belt is provided with an in-place baffle and is used for conveying products to the in-place baffle;
the pushing mechanism includes: the first sensor and the second telescopic device are respectively and electrically connected with the controller;
the controller is used for controlling the first telescopic device to extend so as to drive the first sucking and grabbing device to be close to the outermost packing box blank on the containing frame, controlling the first sucking and grabbing device to suck and grab the outer side wall of the outermost packing box blank, and then controlling the first telescopic device to contract so that the sucked and grabbed packing box blank is spread and positioned above the first conveyor belt;
the controller is further used for controlling the second telescopic device to stretch to push the products at the position of the position-in baffle to be close to the sucked and grabbed packaging box blanks when the first sensor senses that the products on the second conveying belt reach the position-in baffle, and controlling the first sucking and grabbing device to release the packaging box blanks when the products enter the sucked and grabbed packaging box blanks, so that the packaging box blanks filled with the products enter the first conveying belt.
In one possible embodiment, the blank feeding mechanism further comprises: a top plate;
the top plate is arranged on the opening support and used for abutting against the top of the packing box blank on the outermost side of the containing frame.
In one possible embodiment, the blank feeding mechanism further comprises: a third telescoping device;
the third telescoping device sets up hold the rear side of frame, be used for the extrusion hold the packing carton embryo on the frame.
In one possible embodiment, the blank feeding mechanism further comprises: a fourth telescoping device and a pressure head;
the fourth telescopic device is electrically connected with the controller;
the pressure head is arranged on the fourth telescopic device;
the controller is also used for controlling the fourth telescopic device to lift up when the first telescopic device is extended and to press down when the first telescopic device is contracted.
In one possible solution, the pushing mechanism further comprises: a second suction and gripping device;
the second suction and gripping device is arranged at the end part of a telescopic rod of the second telescopic device;
the second is inhaled the grabbing device with controller electric connection, first sensor senses product on the second conveyer belt arrives when the baffle that targets in place, the controller control the second is inhaled the grabbing device and is inhaled and grab the product, when the second telescoping device extends to preset position, the controller control the second is inhaled the grabbing device and is released the product.
In one possible solution, a calibration gate is provided on the first conveyor belt;
the pushing mechanism pushes the product to enter the opened packaging box embryo through the calibration door;
the calibration gate includes: a door frame and a guide wheel;
the guide wheel is arranged on the door frame.
In one possible embodiment, the blank expanding mechanism further includes: a fifth telescopic device and a third sucking and grabbing device;
the third suction and gripping device is arranged on the fifth telescopic device;
the controller is further used for controlling the fifth telescopic device to control the third sucking and grabbing device to suck and grab the upper turning plate of the propped packaging box blank when the first telescopic device is contracted to a preset position, and when a product enters the propped packaging box blank, the controller controls the third sucking and grabbing device to release the upper turning plate of the propped packaging box blank.
In one possible approach, the quick-fill, box-type packaging apparatus further comprises: the finished product is sent out of the platform;
the working surface of the finished product sending platform is provided with a conveying roller, a first guide strip group, a second guide strip group and a third guide strip group;
the first guide bar group includes: the two bending plates are arranged on two sides of the working surface and are bent upwards;
the second guide bar group includes: the two sets are arranged on two sides of the working surface and are arranged horizontally;
the third guide bar group includes: the two are arranged on two sides of the working surface and are bent downwards;
the first guide strip group is matched with the second guide strip group so as to enable the upper turning plate of the packing box blank to be turned downwards;
and the third guide strip group is matched with the second guide strip group so as to enable the lower turning plate of the packing box blank to be turned upwards.
In one possible solution, the finished product delivery mechanism further comprises: the second in-place baffle, the second sensor, the sixth telescopic device and the push plate;
the push plate is arranged on the sixth telescopic device;
two guide rods are respectively arranged on two sides of the push plate, and the two guide rods are arranged in an external octagon shape;
the second sensor and the sixth telescopic device are respectively electrically connected with the controller;
the controller is used for controlling the sixth telescopic device to extend to push the finished product to the working surface of the finished product sending platform when the second sensor senses that the finished product on the first conveyor belt reaches the second in-place baffle plate, and enabling the sealing plates on two sides of the finished product to be folded along the first guide strip group, the second guide strip group and the third guide strip group.
Based on the scheme, the box type packaging equipment capable of being quickly filled provided by the invention has the advantages that the product is fed into the packaging box by utilizing the product feeding mechanism, the pushing mechanism, the packaging box embryo feeding mechanism, the packaging box embryo expanding mechanism, the finished product outgoing mechanism and the controller. Specifically, the finished product delivery mechanism includes: first conveyer belt, packing carton embryo send into the mechanism and include: hold the frame, the packing carton embryo struts the mechanism and includes: first telescoping device, first grabbing device, C shape support and the support that struts, the product is sent into the mechanism and is included: the second conveyer belt, the second conveyer belt is equipped with the baffle that targets in place, and pushing mechanism includes: a first sensor and a second telescopic device. When the second conveyer belt delivered the product to the baffle that targets in place department, the signal that the product on the second conveyer belt arrived the baffle that targets in place was sensed to first sensor to with this signal transmission to controller, the extension of first telescoping device of controller control, drive first grabbing device and be close to the packing carton embryo that holds the outside on the frame, and control first grabbing device and inhale the lateral wall of grabbing the packing carton embryo in the outside, the shrink of first telescoping device is controlled again, and the packing carton embryo that the messenger was inhaled and grabbed is propped open and is located first conveyer belt top. The controller controls the second telescopic device to extend to push the products at the position of the positioning baffle plate to be close to the sucked and spread packaging box blanks, and controls the first sucking and grabbing device to release the packaging box blanks filled with the products when the products enter the sucked and grabbed packaging box blanks, so that the packaging box blanks filled with the products automatically fall on the first conveying belt. The box type packaging equipment capable of being quickly filled has high automation degree and high production efficiency.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic top plan view of a portion of a quick-fill, box-type packaging apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of an opened package box according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of an unsprung package blank according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a device for electrically connecting a controller to a quick-fill box packaging apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic top view of a quick-fill, box-type packaging apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a device electrically connected to a controller of a rapid-fill box packaging apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a side view of a blank spreader mechanism and a blank feeder mechanism of a rapid-fill box packaging apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the configuration of the output side of the calibration door of the quick-fill, box-type packaging apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic top view of the alignment door of the quick-fill, box-type packaging apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic front view of a guide strip set and a packing box of a quick-fill packing box apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a side view of the guide strip group and the packing box of the quick-fill packing box apparatus according to the second embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numbers in the figures:
a product feeding mechanism 1;
a second conveyor belt 11;
the first in-position shutter 111;
a pushing mechanism 2;
a first sensor 21;
a second retractor 22;
a second suction and gripping device 23;
a packaging box blank feeding mechanism 3;
a containing rack 31;
a stopper 32;
a top plate 33;
a third telescopic device 34;
a fourth retractor device 35;
a ram 36;
a packing box embryo opening mechanism 4;
a first telescopic device 41;
a first suction gripping device 42;
a C-shaped bracket 43;
a first wear head 431;
a second wear head 432;
the stent 44 is expanded;
a fifth telescoping device 45;
a third suction gripping device 46;
a fixed plate 47;
a finished product delivery mechanism 5;
a first conveyor belt 51;
a calibration gate 52;
a door frame 521;
a guide wheel 522;
a conveying roller 71;
a first guide bar group 72;
a second guide bar group 73;
a third guide bar group 74;
a second in-position fence 75;
a second sensor 76;
a sixth expansion device 77;
a push plate 78;
a guide bar 781;
packaging box blank 8;
and seals off the gap 81.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the indicated orientations and positional relationships based on the drawings for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise specifically stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "fixed," and the like are to be construed broadly and may, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; the connection can be mechanical connection, electrical connection or communication connection; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other suitable relationship, unless expressly stated otherwise. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
The technical solution of the present invention will be described in detail below with specific examples. The following several specific embodiments may be combined with each other, and details of the same or similar concepts or processes may not be repeated in some embodiments.
Fig. 1 is a schematic top view of a portion of a fast-filling box-type packaging apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention, fig. 2 is a schematic structure of a opened packaging box according to the present invention, fig. 3 is a schematic structure of an opened packaging box blank according to the present invention, and fig. 4 is a schematic structure of a device electrically connected to a controller of a fast-filling box-type packaging apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention.
The box-type packaging equipment capable of being filled quickly provided by the embodiment of the invention is used for filling products into a packaging box, the packaging box is formed by opening a packaging box blank, and the packaging box blank is provided with a side sealing gap. As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the quick-fillable cassette packaging apparatus of the present embodiment includes: the device comprises a product feeding mechanism 1, a pushing mechanism 2, a packaging box blank feeding mechanism 3, a packaging box blank spreading mechanism 4, a finished product delivery mechanism 5 and a controller.
Wherein the finished product delivery mechanism 5 comprises: the first conveyor belt 51, the blank feeding mechanism 3 includes: hold frame 31, hold frame 31 and be used for holding the packing carton embryo of many horizontal emissions, hold one side that frame 31 is located first conveyer belt 51, hold frame 31 and be equipped with separation blade 32, separation blade 32 is arranged in stretching into the side seal gap of the packing carton embryo in the outside.
Packing carton embryo distraction mechanism 4 includes: the first telescopic device 41 and the first sucking device 42 are respectively electrically connected with the controller, the first sucking device 42 is arranged on the first telescopic device 41, the first telescopic device 41 is positioned on the other side of the first conveyor belt 51 and is arranged opposite to the containing frame 31, the expanding frame 44 is arranged above the first conveyor belt 51, the top end of the C-shaped support 43 is rotatably hinged to the expanding frame 44 and only rotates in the plane where the C-shaped support 43 is positioned, the head end of the C-shaped support 43 is provided with a first wear-resisting head 431, the tail end of the C-shaped support 43 is provided with a second wear-resisting head 432, the end part of a telescopic rod of the first telescopic device 41 is provided with a fixed plate 47, the sucking device is arranged on the fixed plate 47, when the telescopic rod of the first telescopic device 41 drives the fixed plate 47 to contract, the fixed plate 47 abuts against the second wear-resisting head 432 to drive the C-shaped support 43 to rotate, the first wear head 431 is pressed down against the upper side of the opened blank.
The product feeding mechanism 1 includes: and the second conveyor belt 11, the second conveyor belt 11 is provided with a first in-position baffle 111, and the second conveyor belt 11 is used for conveying the products to the first in-position baffle 111.
The pushing mechanism 2 includes: the first sensor 21 and the second telescoping device 22 are respectively electrically connected with the controller.
The controller is used for controlling the first telescopic device 41 to extend so as to drive the first sucking and grabbing device 42 to be close to the outermost packing box blank on the containing frame 31, controlling the first sucking and grabbing device 42 to suck and grab the outer side wall of the outermost packing box blank, and then controlling the first telescopic device 41 to contract so as to enable the sucked and grabbed packing box blank to be spread and located above the first conveying belt 51, and the controller is also used for controlling the second telescopic device 22 to extend so as to push the product at the first in-place baffle 111 to be close to the sucked and grabbed packing box blank when the first sensor 21 senses that the product on the second conveying belt 11 reaches the first in-place baffle 111, and controlling the first sucking and grabbing device 42 to release the packing box blank so as to enable the packing box blank filled with the product to enter the first conveying belt 51 when the product enters the sucked and grabbed packing.
Specifically, the first in-place blocking plate 111 in this embodiment is disposed above the second conveyor belt 11 in a suspended manner, and supported by the second conveyor belt 11, the first sensor 21 is a photoelectric sensor and is disposed inside the first in-place blocking plate 111, and when the product on the second conveyor belt 11 reaches the first in-place blocking plate 111, the light of the photoelectric sensor receives the product that has reached the first in-place blocking plate 111, so as to form a product signal and transmit the product signal to the controller.
In addition, the first conveyor belt 51 and the second conveyor belt 11 in this embodiment are both conveying devices commonly used in an industrial production line, and when the rapid-filling box type packaging device operates, the first conveyor belt 51 and the second conveyor belt 11 run uninterruptedly, and baffles are provided on both sides of the second conveyor belt 11, so as to prevent conveyed products from rushing out of the second conveyor belt 11 and prevent other products from being taken out of the second conveyor belt 11 in a process that the pushing mechanism 2 pushes products reaching the first-position baffle 111 into the first conveyor belt 51. The folding packing carton embryo is equipped with the side seal gap, can follow the side seal gap when sealing and turn over, is favorable to the packing to seal, and separation blade 32 sets up on holding frame 31, and when first grabbing device 42 sucked the packing carton embryo of grabbing foremost side, the outstanding part of separation blade 32 can pull open the packing carton embryo, and the suction power that receives as the packing carton embryo reaches the certain degree and can break away from separation blade 32 to the packing carton embryo struts, and is moved to first conveyer belt 51 top.
In addition, the first suction and gripping device 42, the first expansion and contraction device 41 and the second expansion and contraction device 22 in this embodiment are all driven by air cylinders, the extension length of the first expansion and contraction device 41 and the extension and contraction length of the second expansion and contraction device 22 are both controlled by a controller, the first suction and gripping device 42 is arranged at the end part of the expansion and contraction rod of the first expansion and contraction device 41 and can be in direct contact with a packaging box blank, and the controller can control the first suction and gripping device 42 to be started and closed. Because the packing box blank has certain deformation recovery capability when being unfolded, when the first expansion device 41 is used for unfolding the packing box blank, the first wear-resistant head 431 at one end of the C-shaped support 43 rubs the upper side face of the packing box blank, the outer side of the fixed plate 47 rubs the second wear-resistant head 432 at the other end, and the first wear-resistant head 431 and the second wear-resistant head 432 can be made of wear-resistant rubber, so that the service time of the C-shaped support 43 can be prolonged. The C-shaped support 43 is simple in structure, the first wear-resistant head 431 and the second wear-resistant head 432 are matched with each other, so that the packing box blank can be unfolded more normally, and the packing box blank can be prevented from being unfolded and then being folded.
Through the above, it can be seen that the box type packaging device capable of being quickly filled provided by the invention uses the product feeding mechanism 1, the pushing mechanism 2, the packaging box blank feeding mechanism 3, the packaging box blank expanding mechanism 4, the finished product delivering mechanism 5 and the controller to enable the product to enter the packaging box. Specifically, when the second conveyor belt 11 conveys the product to the first in-place baffle 111, the first sensor 21 senses a signal that the product on the second conveyor belt 11 reaches the first in-place baffle 111, and transmits the signal to the controller, and the controller controls the first telescopic device 41 to extend, drives the first suction device 42 to be close to the outermost blank on the containing frame 31, controls the first suction device 42 to suck the outer side wall of the outermost blank, and controls the first telescopic device 41 to contract, so that the sucked blank is spread and located above the first conveyor belt 51. The controller controls the second telescopic device 22 to extend to push the product at the first in-place baffle 111 to approach the sucked and spread packaging box blank, and when the product enters the sucked and spread packaging box blank, the controller controls the first sucking and grabbing device 42 to release the packaging box blank filled with the product, so that the packaging box blank filled with the product automatically falls on the first conveyor belt 51. The box type packaging equipment capable of being quickly filled has high automation degree and high production efficiency.
Figure 5 is a schematic top view of a rapid-fill carton packing apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of the apparatus for electrically connecting the controller of the rapid-refill box packaging apparatus according to the second embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 7 is a side view of the blank spreader mechanism and blank feeder mechanism of a second embodiment of the present invention, figure 8 is a schematic view of the configuration of the output side of the calibration door of the quick-fill cassette packaging apparatus according to the second embodiment of the present invention, figure 9 is a schematic top view of the alignment door of the quick-fill box packaging apparatus of the second embodiment of the present invention, figure 10 is a schematic front view of a guide strip set and a packing box of a quick-fill packing box apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention, fig. 11 is a side view of the guide strip group and the packing box of the quick-fill packing box apparatus according to the second embodiment of the present invention.
The second embodiment is an improved scheme based on the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 5 to 11, the improvement is that: the rapid-fill carton packaging apparatus further comprises: a third telescoping device 34, a fourth telescoping device 35, a fifth telescoping device 45, a sixth telescoping device 77, a second suction gripping device 23, a third suction gripping device 46, a top plate 33, a ram 36, a calibration door 52, and a finished product delivery platform.
Optionally, in this embodiment, the blank feeding mechanism 3 further includes: the top plate 33, the top plate 33 is arranged on the expanding bracket 44, and the top plate 33 is used for supporting the top of the outermost packing box blank on the holding rack 31. The top plate 33 can prevent the transversely overlapped packing box blanks on the containing frame 31 from inclining towards the first conveyor belt 51 and falling into the first conveyor belt 51, which affects the normal production of the fast-filling packing box equipment.
Optionally, in this embodiment, the blank feeding mechanism 3 further includes: third telescoping device 34, third telescoping device 34 set up the rear side that holds frame 31 for the packing carton embryo on the extrusion holds frame 31. The force of the third telescopic device 34 for abutting against the transversely overlapped packaging box blanks on the containing frame 31 is always constant, so that the packaging box blanks on the containing frame 31 can be always transversely overlapped, and after the packaging box blank at the forefront side is absorbed by the first absorbing and grabbing device 42, the third telescopic device 34 pushes the packaging box blank to move forwards, so that the packaging box blank at the forefront side abuts against the top plate 33. The third telescopic device 34 can make the package blank feeding mechanism 3 timely complement the position of the sucked package blank so as to keep the package blank at the accurate feeding position.
Optionally, in this embodiment, the blank feeding mechanism 3 further includes: fourth telescoping device 35 and pressure head 36, fourth telescoping device 35 and controller electric connection, pressure head 36 set up on fourth telescoping device 35, and the controller is still used for controlling fourth telescoping device 35 and lifts when first telescoping device 41 extends, and pushes down when first telescoping device 41 contracts. The fourth expansion device 35 is matched with the pressure head 36, so that the stability of the packaging box blanks transversely stacked on the containing frame 31 is higher, the packaging box blanks are prevented from being too loose to be sucked by the first suction device when being fed into the mechanism 3, and the running continuity of the box type packaging equipment capable of being quickly filled is guaranteed.
Optionally, in this embodiment, the pushing mechanism 2 further includes: the second is inhaled grabbing device 23, and grabbing device 23 is inhaled to the second and is set up the tip at the telescopic link of second telescoping device 22, and grabbing device 23 and controller electric connection are inhaled to the second, and when first sensor 21 sensed the product on the second conveyer belt 11 and arrived first baffle 111 that targets in place, the product was inhaled and grabbed to the controller control second, and when second telescoping device 22 extended to preset position, grabbing device 23 release product was inhaled to the controller control second. The second suction-gripping device 23 makes the pushing mechanism 2 more stable in pushing the product that has reached the first in-place fence 111, prevents the pushed product from deviating from the pushing trajectory, and facilitates the normal operation of the quick-fill box packing apparatus.
Optionally, in this embodiment, an alignment door 52 is disposed on the first conveyor belt 51, the pushing mechanism 2 pushes the product to enter the opened blank package through the alignment door 52, and the alignment door 52 includes: a door frame 521 and a guide wheel 522, the guide wheel 522 is arranged on the door frame 521. After the product front end that promotes gets into calibration door 52, the product drives leading wheel 522 and rotates to make the frictional force between leading wheel 522 and the product diminish, prevent the damage of product, in the middle of the packing carton embryo that the product that comes out from calibration door 52 can be accurate gets into strutting, can prevent that the product can not get into the packing carton embryo, thereby make this box-type equipment for packing that can pack fast more smooth of operation.
Optionally, in this embodiment, the packing box embryo expanding mechanism 4 further includes: the controller is further used for controlling the fifth telescopic device 45 to control the third sucking and grabbing device 46 to suck and grab the upper turning plate of the unfolded packing box blank when the first telescopic device 41 is contracted to the preset position, and when a product enters the unfolded packing box blank, the controller controls the third sucking and grabbing device 46 to release the upper turning plate of the unfolded packing box blank. Before the product gets into the packing carton embryo, fifth telescoping device 45 extends, and the third is inhaled grabbing device 46 and is opened simultaneously, makes the upside of packing carton embryo turn over the board upwarp, and the opening that makes the product get into the packing carton embryo is bigger, makes things convenient for the accurate entering of product.
Optionally, in this embodiment, the fast-fillable cassette packaging apparatus further comprises: the finished product sends out the platform, and the working face of finished product send out the platform is equipped with transfer roller 71, first gib block 72, second gib block 73 and third gib block 74, and first gib block 72 includes: two settings are in working face both sides and level setting, and second direction strip group 73 includes: two sets up and be the kickup in the working face both sides, and third direction strip group 74 includes: the two guide bar groups are arranged on two sides of the working face and are bent downwards, the first guide bar group 72 is matched with the second guide bar group 73 to enable the upper side turning plate of the packing box blank to be turned downwards, and the third guide bar group 74 is matched with the first guide bar group 72 to enable the lower side turning plate of the packing box blank to be turned upwards. The finished product is a packaging box blank into which a product enters, the finished product is conveyed to the conveying roller 71 by the finished product conveying mechanism 5, the finished product conveying platform turns over two ends of the packaging box blank to form a box cover, the product is completely wrapped, the finished product conveying platform processes the finished product, the packaging box blank enters the sealing box, the sealing box is a box with openings at two opposite sides, adhesive tapes are arranged at two sides of the side face, and after the packaging box blank enters the sealing box, the adhesive tapes at two sides of the side face of the sealing box seal the packaging box blank. The finished product delivery platform enables the automation degree of the box type packaging equipment capable of being filled quickly to be higher, and provides convenience for subsequent sealing procedures.
Optionally, in this embodiment, the finished product delivery mechanism 5 further includes: the second in-place baffle plate 75, the second sensor 76, the sixth telescoping device 77 and the push plate 78, the push plate 78 is arranged on the sixth telescoping device 77, two guide bars 781 are respectively arranged on two sides of the push plate 78, the two guide bars 781 are arranged in an outer eight shape, the second sensor 76 and the sixth telescoping device 77 are respectively electrically connected with the controller, and the controller is used for controlling the sixth telescoping device 77 to extend to push finished products to the working surface of the finished product delivery platform when the second sensor 76 senses that the finished products on the first conveyor belt 51 reach the second in-place baffle plate 75, and enabling two side sealing plates of the finished products to be folded along the first guide strip group 72, the second guide strip group 73 and the third guide strip group 74. The second sensor 76 is a touch sensor, when the finished product touches the second sensor 76, the second sensor 76 generates a finished product signal and transmits the finished product signal to the controller, the controller controls the sixth expansion device 77 to push the finished product, and the finished product transmission mechanism 5 transmits the finished product, so that the finished product enters the finished product transmission platform in a regular arrangement, and the finished product transmission platform is convenient to turn over the box cover of the packing box.
In the present invention, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may be directly contacting the first feature and the second feature or indirectly contacting the first feature and the second feature through an intermediate.
Also, a first feature "on," "above," and "over" a second feature may mean that the first feature is directly above or obliquely above the second feature, or that only the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the first feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lower level than the second feature.
In the description herein, reference to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example" or "some examples," or the like, means that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; and the modifications or the substitutions do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a box-type equipment for packing that can fill fast for pack the product into the packing carton, the packing carton is opened by the packing carton embryo through strutting and forms, the packing carton embryo is equipped with the side seal gap, its characterized in that, box-type equipment for packing that can fill fast includes: the device comprises a product feeding mechanism, a pushing mechanism, a packaging box blank feeding mechanism, a packaging box blank spreading mechanism, a finished product delivery mechanism and a controller;
the finished product delivery mechanism comprises: a first conveyor belt;
the packing carton embryo send into the mechanism and includes: the containing frame is used for containing a plurality of transversely-arranged packaging box blanks, the containing frame is positioned on one side of the first conveying belt, and blocking pieces are arranged on the containing frame and used for extending into side sealing gaps of the packaging box blanks on the outermost side;
the packing carton embryo struts mechanism includes: the first telescopic device and the first sucking and grabbing device are respectively and electrically connected with the controller, the first sucking and grabbing device is arranged on the first telescopic device, and the first telescopic device is positioned on the other side of the first conveyor belt and is opposite to the containing frame;
the expanding bracket is arranged above the first conveyor belt;
the top end of the C-shaped support is rotatably hinged to the spreading support and only rotates in the plane where the C-shaped support is located;
the head end of the C-shaped bracket is provided with a first wear-resistant head, and the tail end of the C-shaped bracket is provided with a second wear-resistant head;
the end part of the telescopic rod of the first telescopic device is provided with a fixed plate, the sucking and grabbing device is arranged on the fixed plate, when the telescopic rod of the first telescopic device drives the fixed plate to contract, the fixed plate supports against the second wear-resisting head to drive the C-shaped bracket to rotate, and the first wear-resisting head presses downwards and supports against the upper side surface of the opened packaging box blank;
the product feeding mechanism comprises: the second conveyor belt is provided with an in-place baffle and is used for conveying products to the in-place baffle;
the pushing mechanism includes: the first sensor and the second telescopic device are respectively and electrically connected with the controller;
the controller is used for controlling the first telescopic device to extend so as to drive the first sucking and grabbing device to be close to the outermost packing box blank on the containing frame, controlling the first sucking and grabbing device to suck and grab the outer side wall of the outermost packing box blank, and then controlling the first telescopic device to contract so that the sucked and grabbed packing box blank is spread and positioned above the first conveyor belt;
the controller is further used for controlling the second telescopic device to stretch to push the products at the position of the position-in baffle to be close to the sucked and grabbed packaging box blanks when the first sensor senses that the products on the second conveying belt reach the position-in baffle, and controlling the first sucking and grabbing device to release the packaging box blanks when the products enter the sucked and grabbed packaging box blanks, so that the packaging box blanks filled with the products enter the first conveying belt.
2. A rapid-fill, carton-packing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the blank-feeding mechanism further comprises: a top plate;
the top plate is arranged on the opening support and used for abutting against the top of the packing box blank on the outermost side of the containing frame.
3. A rapid-fill, carton-packing apparatus according to claim 2, wherein said blank-feeding mechanism further comprises: a third telescoping device;
the third telescoping device sets up hold the rear side of frame, be used for the extrusion hold the packing carton embryo on the frame.
4. A rapid-fill, carton-packing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said blank-feeding mechanism further comprises: a fourth telescoping device and a pressure head;
the fourth telescopic device is electrically connected with the controller;
the pressure head is arranged on the fourth telescopic device;
the controller is also used for controlling the fourth telescopic device to lift up when the first telescopic device is extended and to press down when the first telescopic device is contracted.
5. A quick-fill, cassette packaging apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said urging mechanism further comprises: a second suction and gripping device;
the second suction and gripping device is arranged at the end part of a telescopic rod of the second telescopic device;
the second is inhaled the grabbing device with controller electric connection, first sensor senses product on the second conveyer belt arrives when the baffle that targets in place, the controller control the second is inhaled the grabbing device and is inhaled and grab the product, when the second telescoping device extends to preset position, the controller control the second is inhaled the grabbing device and is released the product.
6. A rapid-fill, carton-type packaging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said first conveyor belt is provided with an alignment door;
the pushing mechanism pushes the product to enter the opened packaging box embryo through the calibration door;
the calibration gate includes: a door frame and a guide wheel;
the guide wheel is arranged on the door frame.
7. A quick-fill, carton-packing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said blank-expanding mechanism further comprises: a fifth telescopic device and a third sucking and grabbing device;
the third suction and gripping device is arranged on the fifth telescopic device;
the controller is further used for controlling the fifth telescopic device to control the third sucking and grabbing device to suck and grab the upper turning plate of the propped packaging box blank when the first telescopic device is contracted to a preset position, and when a product enters the propped packaging box blank, the controller controls the third sucking and grabbing device to release the upper turning plate of the propped packaging box blank.
8. A quick-fill, cassette packaging apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising: the finished product is sent out of the platform;
the working surface of the finished product sending platform is provided with a conveying roller, a first guide strip group, a second guide strip group and a third guide strip group;
the first guide bar group includes: the two bending plates are arranged on two sides of the working surface and are bent upwards;
the second guide bar group includes: the two sets are arranged on two sides of the working surface and are arranged horizontally;
the third guide bar group includes: the two are arranged on two sides of the working surface and are bent downwards;
the first guide strip group is matched with the second guide strip group so as to enable the upper turning plate of the packing box blank to be turned downwards;
and the third guide strip group is matched with the second guide strip group so as to enable the lower turning plate of the packing box blank to be turned upwards.
9. The quick-fill, carton-type packaging apparatus of claim 8, wherein said finish delivery mechanism further comprises: the second in-place baffle, the second sensor, the sixth telescopic device and the push plate;
the push plate is arranged on the sixth telescopic device;
two guide rods are respectively arranged on two sides of the push plate, and the two guide rods are arranged in an external octagon shape;
the second sensor and the sixth telescopic device are respectively electrically connected with the controller;
the controller is used for controlling the sixth telescopic device to extend to push the finished product to the working surface of the finished product sending platform when the second sensor senses that the finished product on the first conveyor belt reaches the second in-place baffle plate, and enabling the sealing plates on two sides of the finished product to be folded along the first guide strip group, the second guide strip group and the third guide strip group.
CN201811508534.XA 2018-12-11 2018-12-11 Box type packaging equipment capable of being filled quickly Active CN109466840B (en)

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CN112158397B (en) * 2020-07-31 2022-06-03 武汉船舶通信研究所(中国船舶重工集团公司第七二二研究所) Cover opening conveyer for packing box
CN116835066A (en) * 2023-08-11 2023-10-03 沧州正大生物制品股份有限公司 Packing and bagging device for processing freeze-dried materials

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