CN108828186A - A kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function - Google Patents

A kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108828186A
CN108828186A CN201810399365.4A CN201810399365A CN108828186A CN 108828186 A CN108828186 A CN 108828186A CN 201810399365 A CN201810399365 A CN 201810399365A CN 108828186 A CN108828186 A CN 108828186A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
connect
controller
wide area
landslide
monitoring function
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Pending
Application number
CN201810399365.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谷新保
黄华
祝云华
吴启红
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Sichuan University of Science and Engineering
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Sichuan University of Science and Engineering
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Sichuan University of Science and Engineering filed Critical Sichuan University of Science and Engineering
Priority to CN201810399365.4A priority Critical patent/CN108828186A/en
Publication of CN108828186A publication Critical patent/CN108828186A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of slide prediction devices with wide area monitoring function,Including forecast work room and several landslide monitoring devices,Forecast work is provided with solar power supply apparatus above room,Landslide monitoring device is uniformly arranged in wide-spread decline,Forecast work room is internally provided with controller,Operate cabinet,Several data processing units and several warning devices,Controller,Operate cabinet,Several data processing units,Several warning devices are connect with solar power supply apparatus,Data processing unit one end is connect by wireless data transfer module with landslide monitoring device,The other end is connect with controller,The top of operation cabinet is arranged in warning device,And warning device one end is connect with controller,Structure is simple,It is easy to operate,It can be realized and wide area landslide location geological information is carried out efficiently,The function of accurate forecast,Effectively prevent in advance to reach,Landslide bring loss is minimized.

Description

A kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function
Technical field
The present invention relates to Landslide Hazards forecasting technique field, specially a kind of landslide with wide area monitoring function Predictor.
Background technique
Landslide be under the action of gravity, water pressure, seismic force or other certain power, slope or slope ground body it is whole to The phenomenon that lower sliding, China are the countries on mountain more than one, and mountainous region area accounts for 65% of national territorial area or more, common as mountain area One of bad geological phenomenon, landslide bring massive losses to the our people masses, it is estimated that, China is every year because landslide disaster damages Mistake is up to about 20 to 3,000,000,000 yuans, and landslide disaster not only results in huge economic loss, and have very big society and Political impact, if it is possible to landslide is monitored, realize the early prediction of landslide, so that it may to the maximum extent reduce and Caused loss of coming down is prevented, therefore, landslide must cause our great attention, reinforce the monitoring to landslide, realize and slide The early prediction of slope harm, the purpose for being finally reached effectively prevention, controlling and administer geological disaster.
Existing slide prediction be usually geological exploration personnel come down by using measuring tool manual measurement tilt angle, Soil moisture content etc. can cause the factor value of landslide phenomenon, then pass through the calculating to measurement the data obtained, analysis is handled, judgement A possibility that at this with the presence or absence of landslide phenomenon occurs, using which, that there are real-times is poor, for paroxysmal landslide disaster Forecast very unfavorable problem, moreover, the foreseeable range very little of one-shot measurement institute, it is also possible that landslide in measurement process Lead to casualties.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcomings of that prior art, the present invention provide a kind of slide prediction with wide area monitoring function Device, structure is simple, easy to operate, can be realized and carries out efficient, accurate forecast function to wide area landslide location geological information Can, effectively prevent in advance to reach, landslide bring loss is minimized, and can effectively solve what background technique proposed Problem.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function, including forecast work room and several landslide monitorings dress It sets, solar power supply apparatus is provided with above the forecast work room, the landslide monitoring device is uniformly arranged on large area On landslide, forecast work room is internally provided with controller, operation cabinet, several data processing units and several alarms dress It sets, the controller, operation cabinet, several data processing units, several warning devices are connect with solar power supply apparatus, institute Data processing unit one end to be stated to connect by wireless data transfer module with landslide monitoring device, the other end is connect with controller, And data processing unit and controller are arranged in control box body, the top of operation cabinet is arranged in the warning device, and Warning device one end is connect with controller.
Further, the solar power supply apparatus include fixed mounting plate, solar panel, energy storage battery group, Hollow support column for installing the inclination battery case of solar panel and being vertically arranged, hollow support column upper end It is connect with the lower end of fixed mounting plate, lower end is connect with the upper surface of forecast work room, and the inclination battery case setting is solid The top of Dingan County's loading board, the solar panel by sequentially passing through fixed mounting plate, the conducting wire inside hollow support column with The connection of energy storage battery group, the energy storage battery group is arranged on the intracavity sidewall of forecast work room, and the controller, operation Cabinet, several data processing units, several warning devices pass through power supply line and connect with energy storage battery group.
Further, the landslide monitoring device includes obliquity sensor, infrasound sensor and precipitation rain fall sensor, described to incline Angle transducer includes the internal ceramic shell and two electrodes for being equipped with cavity, and the inside of the ceramic shell is marked with electrolyte, and two The inside of ceramic shell is arranged in a described electrode one end, and the other end passes through ceramic shell upper end, and extends to ceramic shell Outside is connect with wireless data transfer module, and the infrasound sensor, precipitation rain fall sensor one end are and wireless data transfer module Connection, described wireless data transfer module one end is connect with data processing unit.
Further, the data processing unit includes data storage and data processor, the data storage one End connect with data processor, the other end pass through wireless data transfer module respectively with obliquity sensor, infrasound sensor, rainfall Sensor connection, one end of the data processor is connect with controller.
Further, the warning device includes loudspeaker and two signal lamps, and the loudspeaker, two signals refer to Show that lamp is connect with controller.
Further, be vertically arranged between the inclination battery case and fixed mounting plate it is internal be hollow structure can For adjusting swingle of the solar panel towards angle, and inside the hollow structure in the swingle and hollow support column Hollow structure on same vertical line.
Further, the upper surface of the operation cabinet is provided with data display screen, described data display screen one end and control Device connection processed.
Further, the wireless data transfer module transmits data using GPRS mode.
Further, if the energy storage battery group is composed in series by dry battery.
Further, the controller is using STM32F103 microcontroller.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The present invention is by the setting of several landslide monitoring devices, it can be achieved that the automation of wide-spread decline location, efficient, standard The function of really monitoring, on the one hand, eliminate the trouble that geological prospecting personnel use measuring tool to detect manually, on the other hand, protect The security reliability during landslide monitoring has been demonstrate,proved, casualties caused by occurring coming down is avoided in artificial exploration process;It is logical The setting of data processing unit and controller is crossed, the data measured by landslide monitoring device can be handled, be analyzed, and passed through Controller controls warning device, realizes to the geological exploration function at the different location of wide-spread decline location, to realize to cunning The effect of slope phenomenon is prevented in advance can minimize landslide bring loss, on the whole from the point of view of, this has wide area monitoring function The slide prediction device of energy, can be realized the function to wide-spread decline location automatic monitoring, and monitoring result is accurate and reliable.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall signal flow chart of the invention;
Fig. 2 is solar power supply apparatus structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 3 is obliquity sensor structural schematic diagram of the invention.
Figure label:
1- forecast work room;2- landslide monitoring device;3- solar power supply apparatus;4- controller;5- operates cabinet;6- number According to processing unit;7- warning device;8- wireless data transfer module;9- ceramic shell;10- electrode;11- swingle;12- data Display screen;
201- obliquity sensor;202- infrasound sensor;203- precipitation rain fall sensor;
301- fixed mounting plate;302- solar panel;303- energy storage battery group;304- tilts battery case; 305- hollow support column;
601- data storage;602- data processor;
701- loudspeaker;702- signal lamp.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, the present invention provides a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function, Including forecast work room 1 and several landslide monitoring devices 2, the top of the forecast work room 1 is provided with solar power supply apparatus 3, due to the location bad environments that come down, geographical location is poor, and the supply for frequently resulting in electric energy is very inconvenient, by solar powered The setting of device 3 avoids the problem of landslide location upright bar power transmission and bracing wire, is easy to Project Realization, can be by collecting solar energy Be converted into electric energy, for the slide prediction device power supply, while saving non-renewable alternating current, reduce build upright bar power transmission with And the cost of bracing wire;The landslide monitoring device 2 is uniformly arranged in wide-spread decline, passes through multiple landslide monitoring devices 2 It is arranged, it can be achieved that the function that landslide geology monitors in larger area, greatly strengthens the practical performance of the slide prediction device.
Forecast work room 1 is internally provided with controller 4, operation cabinet 5, several data processing units 6 and several reports Alarm device 7, the controller 4 is using STM32F103 microcontroller, controller 4, operation cabinet 5, several data processing lists Member 6, several warning devices 7 are connect with solar power supply apparatus 3, and described 6 one end of data processing unit is passed by wireless data Defeated module 8 is connect with landslide monitoring device 2, and the other end is connect with controller 4, and data processing unit 6 and controller 4 are respectively provided with In operation cabinet 5, the wireless data transfer module 8 transmits data, GPRS (General Packet using GPRS mode Radio Service) be general packet radio service technology abbreviation, be a kind of available mobile number of gsm mobile telephone user According to business, belonging to the data transmission technology in Generation Mobile Telecommunication System, the top of operation cabinet 5 is arranged in the warning device 7, And 7 one end of warning device is connect with controller 4.
The working principle of the slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function is as follows:
Firstly, being controller 4, operation cabinet 5, several data processing units 6 and several by solar power supply apparatus 3 Warning device 7 provides electric energy and is then monitored by several landslide monitoring devices 2 to the different location of wide-spread decline, and Monitoring data are sent to data processing unit 6 by wireless data transfer module 8, after the processing of data processing unit 6, Controller 4 is transferred data to, under the control action of controller 4, starts warning device 7, that is, is completed to entire landslide geology The operation of forecast.
The solar power supply apparatus 3 include fixed mounting plate 301, solar panel 302, energy storage battery group 303, Hollow support column 305 for installing the inclination battery case 304 of solar panel 302 and being vertically arranged, it is described hollow 305 upper end of support column is connect with the lower end of fixed mounting plate 301, and lower end is connect with the upper surface of forecast work room 1, the inclination The top of fixed mounting plate 301 is arranged in battery case 304, and the solar panel 302 is by sequentially passing through fixed installation Conducting wire inside plate 301, hollow support column 305 is connect with energy storage battery group 303, and the setting of energy storage battery group 303 exists On 1 intracavity sidewall of forecast work room, and the controller 4, operation cabinet 5, several data processing units 6, several warning devices 7 It is connect by power supply line with energy storage battery group 303, if energy storage battery group 303 is composed in series by dry battery, i.e., Between two neighboring battery, the anode of one of battery is connect with the cathode of another battery, the electric power storage of series connection Pond increases the electric energy that energy storage battery group 303 may store while guaranteeing that electric current is consistent.
As preferred embodiment, it is vertically arranged between the inclination battery case 304 and fixed mounting plate 301 interior Portion is that hollow structure can be used to adjust swingle 11 of the solar panel 302 towards angle, by the setting of swingle 11, Can according to the direction of sun light direct beam, adjust inclination battery case 304 towards angle, make its internal solar panel 302 are just aligned direct sunlight direction, to realize optimal sunlight absorption function, guarantee to provide for the slide prediction device Sufficient electric energy, and the hollow structure in the swingle 11 and the hollow structure inside hollow support column 305 are same vertical On line, the smooth connection of conducting wire between solar panel 302 and energy storage battery group 303 ensure that, and then by solar-electricity The solar energy that pond plate 302 absorbs, is converted into electric energy, and be stored in energy storage battery group 303.
The landslide monitoring device 2 includes obliquity sensor 201, infrasound sensor 202 and precipitation rain fall sensor 203, described Obliquity sensor 201 includes the internal ceramic shell 9 and two electrodes 10 for being equipped with cavity, and the inside of the ceramic shell 9 is marked with The inside of ceramic shell 9 is arranged in electrolyte, two described 10 one end of electrode, and the other end passes through 9 upper end of ceramic shell, and extends Connect to the outside of ceramic shell 9 with wireless data transfer module 8, by be arranged obliquity sensor 201, can real-time measurement go out The variation at landslide location inclination angle, electric signal output size are to have reacted the variation at slip mass inclination angle, and working principle is:Work as landslide When body run-off the straight, electrolyte inside ceramic shell 9 also can run-off the straight so that the electric signal of electrode 10 changes, into And the variation by measuring electric signal, you can learn that the tilt angle of slip mass at this time;Infrasound sensor is called infrasound sensing Device is to receive infrasonic microphone, by the setting of infrasound sensor 202, can real-time detection go out and produced when sliding Raw infrasound, and electric signal is converted thereof into, it can reflect distinctive sound property when sliding location is movable inclined after processing; Precipitation rain fall sensor is suitable for the relevant departments such as meteorological observatory (station), hydrometric station, agricultural, national defence and is used to telemetering liquid precipitation, precipitation Intensity, precipitation beginning and ending time can measure landslide location because the immersion of rainwater or underground water is led by the way that precipitation rain fall sensor 203 is arranged The variation for causing water content in soil, in soil water content number characterize the complexity of slopes downslide, the infrasonic sound sensing Device 202,203 one end of precipitation rain fall sensor are connect with wireless data transfer module 8, described 8 one end of wireless data transfer module with Data processing unit 6 connects, and passes through obliquity sensor 201, infrasound sensor 202 and precipitation rain fall sensor 203 these three sensors Setting, the sensor special for realizing the comprehensive monitoring of coming down is constituted, by them by the original letter in the preparation process that comes down Breath is transformed into electric signal, and realizes digitlization, intelligence, dissects to landslide change procedure overall scientific, understands its essential shape State finally makes scientific accurately judgement.
The data processing unit 6 includes data storage 601 and data processor 602, the data storage 601 1 End is connect with data processor 602, and the other end is sensed with obliquity sensor 201, infrasonic sound respectively by wireless data transfer module 8 Device 202, precipitation rain fall sensor 203 connect, and one end of the data processor 602 connect with controller 4, obliquity sensor 201, secondary The landslide geological information data that sonic transducer 202 and precipitation rain fall sensor 203 detect, are transmitted by wireless data transfer module 8 To data storage 601, data storage 601 receives signal, and is transferred to data processor 602, by data processing After the processing of device 602, analysis, controller 4 is sent to, so that controller 4 controls warning device 7.
The warning device 7 includes loudspeaker 701 and two signal lamps 702,701, two signals of the loudspeaker Indicator light 702 is connect with controller 4, and loudspeaker 701 is used as audible alarm unit, and two signal lamps 702 are used as signal Indicator light alarm unit, and two signal lamp 702 1 glow, a green light, when by obliquity sensor 201, When the landslide geologic signals value that infrasound sensor 202 and precipitation rain fall sensor 203 monitor is less than critical value when coming down, raise Sound device 701 is closed, meanwhile, the signal lamp 702 of green light flashes;When obliquity sensor 201, infrasound sensor 202 and rain When the landslide geologic signals value that quantity sensor 203 monitors is greater than critical value when coming down, loudspeaker 701 opens alarm, Meanwhile the signal lamp 702 to glow flashes, and realizes warning function, and which kind of color monitoring personnel only need to be by observing Signal lamp 702 is bright, whether loudspeaker 701 makes a sound, that is, can determine whether wide-spread decline somewhere has generation landslide existing The possibility of elephant.
The upper surface of the operation cabinet 5 is provided with data display screen 12, described 12 one end of data display screen and controller 4 Connection, the setting of data display screen 12 can be used to show through obliquity sensor 201, infrasound sensor 202 and precipitation rain fall sensor The 203 landslide geological informations detected, and can show monitor value on data display screen 12 and the data of landslide phenomenon occur Critical value is compared, and by data display screen 12, can be clearly observed the geological information in wide-spread decline location, be accomplished excellent First defensive measure minimizes landslide bring loss.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function, it is characterised in that:Including forecast work room (1) and several Landslide monitoring device (2) is provided with solar power supply apparatus (3) above the forecast work room (1), the landslide monitoring dress (2) are set to be uniformly arranged in wide-spread decline, forecast work room (1) be internally provided with controller (4), operation cabinet (5) if, Dry data processing unit (6) and several warning devices (7), the controller (4), operation cabinet (5), several data processing lists First (6), several warning devices (7) are connect with solar power supply apparatus (3), and described data processing unit (6) one end passes through nothing Line data transmission module (8) is connect with landslide monitoring device (2), and the other end is connect with controller (4), and data processing unit (6) it being arranged at controller (4) in operation cabinet (5), the warning device (7) is arranged in the top of operation cabinet (5), and Warning device (7) one end is connect with controller (4).
2. a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Solar power supply apparatus (3) includes fixed mounting plate (301), solar panel (302), energy storage battery group (303), is used for The hollow support column (305) installing the inclination battery case (304) of solar panel (302) and being vertically arranged, the sky Heart support column (305) upper end is connect with the lower end of fixed mounting plate (301), and lower end is connect with the upper surface of forecast work room (1), The inclination battery case (304) setting in the top of fixed mounting plate (301), the solar panel (302) by according to The secondary conducting wire internal across fixed mounting plate (301), hollow support column (305) is connect with energy storage battery group (303), the storage Energy storage device group (303) is arranged on forecast work room (1) intracavity sidewall, and the controller (4), operation cabinet (5), several Data processing unit (6), several warning devices (7) are connect by power supply line with energy storage battery group (303).
3. a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Landslide monitoring device (2) includes obliquity sensor (201), infrasound sensor (202) and precipitation rain fall sensor (203), the inclination angle Sensor (201) includes the internal ceramic shell (9) for being equipped with cavity and two electrodes (10), the inside of the ceramic shell (9) It is marked with electrolyte, in the inside of ceramic shell (9), the other end passes through ceramic shell (9) for two electrode (10) one end settings Upper end, and the outside for extending to ceramic shell (9) is connect with wireless data transfer module (8), the infrasound sensor (202), Precipitation rain fall sensor (203) one end is connect with wireless data transfer module (8), described wireless data transfer module (8) one end with Data processing unit (6) connection.
4. a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:It is described Data processing unit (6) includes data storage (601) and data processor (602), described data storage (601) one end with Data processor (602) connection, the other end are passed with obliquity sensor (201), infrasonic sound respectively by wireless data transfer module (8) Sensor (202), precipitation rain fall sensor (203) connection, one end of the data processor (602) is connect with controller (4).
5. a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Warning device (7) includes loudspeaker (701) and two signal lamps (702), the loudspeaker (701), two signal designations Lamp (702) is connect with controller (4).
6. a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Inside is vertically arranged between inclination battery case (304) and fixed mounting plate (301) can be used to adjust too for hollow structure It is positive can swingle (11) of the solar panel (302) towards angle, and the hollow structure in the swingle (11) and hollow support column (305) internal hollow structure is on same vertical line.
7. a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described The upper surface of operation cabinet (5) is provided with data display screen (12), and described data display screen (12) one end and controller (4) are even It connects.
8. a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Wireless data transfer module (8) transmits data using GPRS mode.
9. a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Energy storage battery group (303) is if be composed in series by dry battery.
10. a kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute Controller (4) is stated using STM32F103 microcontroller.
CN201810399365.4A 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 A kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function Pending CN108828186A (en)

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