CN207182625U - A kind of debris flow early-warning system - Google Patents

A kind of debris flow early-warning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207182625U
CN207182625U CN201721313445.0U CN201721313445U CN207182625U CN 207182625 U CN207182625 U CN 207182625U CN 201721313445 U CN201721313445 U CN 201721313445U CN 207182625 U CN207182625 U CN 207182625U
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unit
module
data
warning
box
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唐少华
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Mianyang Xiangshu Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Mianyang Xiangshu Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of debris flow early-warning system, including:Information collecting device, it is equipped with each information collecting device for data record, management, storage and the remote unit of transmission, alarming threshold value module, alarm module and data transmission blocks is provided with remote unit;Information processor in monitoring central station, it is provided with the data reception module for data transmitted by receive information harvester, data reception module electrically connects with data analysis module, data analysis module electrically connects with real time information transmitter module, and real time information transmitter module sends data to application service device;Application service device, its PC computer for including being connected with data analysis module electric wire, the mobile terminal being connected with real time information transmitter module signal, and energy early warning radio unit, early warning radio unit are connected with the teller machines signal in monitoring central station, are connected with mobile terminal CDMA, GPRS or Big Dipper satellite signal.

Description

A kind of debris flow early-warning system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to natural calamity early warning field, and in particular to debris flow early-warning system regions.
Background technology
China's geology and geographical environment are complicated, and weather conditions space and time difference is big, and geological disaster species is more, distribution is wide, harm Greatly, it is one of country of geological disaster most serious in the world, geological disaster is due to nature or artificial action, in epigeosphere ratio Rock, the soil body or the rock, native chip and its movement with the mixture of water of human life, property and living environment are endangered strongerly Event.Typically with avalanche (containing Dangerous Rock Body), landslide, mud-rock flow, karst ground subsidence, surface subsidence and ground fissure etc. for typical generation Table, be comparison generally acknowledge because of the acute variation of veneer of crust geologic structure and caused by, in the more west area in China mountain region, Early warning system is particularly important, annual summer, and mud-rock flow can all bring the loss of life and property, and mud-rock flow Monitoring and warning, which is one, needs multiple information synthesis early warning, and wherein side slope, landslide early warning can intuitively reflect mud-rock flow, but due to Landslide prior-warning device is all that installation is connected with ground end, once spot qualitative change, device is just easily damaged, it is therefore desirable to this A kind of side slope early warning is lower-cost and non-damageable debris flow early-warning system.
Utility model content
A purpose of the present utility model is that solve at least the above and/or defect, and provides and at least will be described later The advantages of.
In order to realize according to these purposes of the present utility model and further advantage, there is provided a kind of debris flow early-warning system, Including:
Information collecting device, it includes video surveillance unit, the automatic rainfall monitoring being arranged in the domain of area where mud-rock flow is liable to occur Unit, soil moisture content unit, water table measure unit, monitored by infrasonic wave unit, deep soils unit, landslide displacement prison Unit is surveyed, is equipped with above-mentioned each unit for data record, management, storage and the remote unit of transmission, the remote unit Interior to be provided with alarming threshold value module, alarm module and data transmission blocks, the alarming threshold value module electrically connects alarm module, described Alarm module electrically connects data transmission blocks;
Information processor in monitoring central station, it, which is provided with, is used to receive number transmitted by described information harvester According to data reception module, the data reception module electrically connects with data analysis module, the data analysis module with real time Information transmitter module electrically connects, and the real time information transmitter module sends data to application service device;
Application service device, it includes the PC computers being connected with the data analysis module electric wire and the real time information The mobile terminal of transmitter module signal connection, and can early warning radio unit, in the early warning radio unit and monitoring central station The connection of Public Address System signal, be connected by CDMA, GPRS or Big Dipper satellite signal with mobile terminal.
Preferably, wherein, the landslide displacement monitoring unit includes:
Laser emission frame:It includes the first box body on support, and the first hole projected for laser is provided with first box body Hole, the first box body top set the first power supply unit, the generating laser in first power supply unit and the first box body Connection;
Laser pick-off frame:It includes the second box body on support, and second injected for laser is provided with second box body Hole, second box body are provided with the second power supply unit, and the optical receiver in second power supply unit and the second box body connects Connect, second power supply unit is connected with the remote unit in the second box body, the optical receiver and remote unit electricity Signal connects.
Preferably, wherein, the remote unit is connected by GPRS or big-dipper satellite with described information processing unit.
Preferably, wherein, the shell of the landslide displacement monitoring unit is zinc-plated iron shell.
Preferably, wherein, the optical receiver of the landslide displacement monitoring unit is photosensitive switch.
Preferably, wherein, first, second power supply unit of the landslide displacement monitoring unit is solar electric power supply system Or wind generator system.
The utility model comprises at least following beneficial effect:Because this set system is to more in whole area where mud-rock flow is liable to occur domain The item hydrology, environment are monitored, therefore its forecast rate can reach 80 percent;Due to the information collecting device of this set system Each unit is respectively equipped with single data transmission module, therefore different information collecting devices can be according to area where mud-rock flow is liable to occur domain not With actual conditions and flexibly arranged in pairs or groups;Due to the laser technology that landslide displacement monitoring unit uses, therefore more existing drawing Rod-type landslide displacement monitoring machine is more economical, while it is also less susceptible to suffer damage because of the change of landslide geology.
Further advantage, target and feature of the present utility model embody part by following explanation, and part will also pass through Research of the present utility model and practice are understood by the person skilled in the art.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is debris flow early-warning system schematic provided by the utility model;
Fig. 2 is landslide displacement monitoring unit Laser emission frame schematic diagram provided by the utility model;
Fig. 3 is landslide displacement monitoring unit laser pick-off frame schematic diagram provided by the utility model.
Embodiment:
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, to make those skilled in the art with reference to explanation Book word can be implemented according to this.
It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or more The presence or addition of individual other elements or its combination.
A kind of debris flow early-warning system provided by the utility model as shown in Figure 1, including:
Information collecting device 1, it includes video surveillance unit 11, the automatic rainfall prison being arranged in the domain of area where mud-rock flow is liable to occur Survey unit 12, soil moisture content unit 13, water table measure unit 14, monitored by infrasonic wave unit 15, deep soils unit 16th, landslide displacement monitoring unit 17, it is equipped with for data record, management, storage and the remote measurement of transmission list in above-mentioned each unit Member 18, the remote unit 18 is interior to be provided with alarming threshold value module, alarm module and data transmission blocks, and alarming threshold value module is electrically connected Module taking alarm, the alarm module electrically connect data transmission blocks;
Information processor 2 in monitoring central station, it, which is provided with, is used to receive transmitted by described information harvester The data reception module 21 of data, the data reception module 21 electrically connect with data analysis module 22, the data analysis mould Block 22 electrically connects with real time information transmitter module 23, and the real time information transmitter module 23 sends data to application service device 3;
Application service device 3, its PC computer 33 for including being connected with the electric wire of real time information transmitter module 23, with it is described The mobile terminal 31 of the signal of real time information transmitter module 23 connection, and energy early warning radio unit 32, the early warning radio unit 32 are connected with the signal of teller machines 24 in monitoring central station, are connected with mobile terminal 31CDMA, GPRS or Big Dipper satellite signal;
Video surveillance unit 11 be Mianyang Hunan another name for Sichuan Province electronics Veinasa-YGSP-03 series, its with the present computer technology, Automatic control technology, image processing techniques, intelligent monitoring technology pass through the image at scene by the remote unit 18 of its own Data transmission module is transferred to information processor 2;Automatic rainfall monitoring unit 12 be Mianyang Hunan another name for Sichuan Province electronics Veinasa-YL from Dynamic rainfall monitoring station, it is made up of rainfall micro computer collector, remote unit 18, support, power supply unit in it, rainfall micro computer is adopted There is storage rainfall to show, automatic record, real-time clock, historical data record, the function such as overload alarm and data communication, rainfall The rainfall value that the rainfall electric signal transmission that sensor obtains will collect to rainfall micro computer collector, rainfall micro computer collector The remote unit 18 of its own is given by electric signal transmission, is transmitted further to information processor 2;Soil moisture content unit 13 is Mianyang Hunan another name for Sichuan Province electronics Veinasa-TRSQ soil moisture contents monitoring station, its by soil humidity sensor (1~3), solar electric power supply system, Remote unit 18 and support composition, soil moisture content unit 13 by the information such as the soil moisture collected, temperature by its own Remote unit 18 is transferred to information processor 2;Water table measure unit 14 is Mianyang Hunan another name for Sichuan Province electronics Veinasa-DSW undergrounds Water level monitoring station, it is made up of solar electric power supply system, remote unit 18, level sensor and column etc., and level sensor has The common type water such as pressure type water gauge, float type level meter, ultrasonic water level gauge, indicator water gage and air bubble type water gauge Level sensor, the data that it can be daily to level of ground water carry out record in real time and preserved, then the data collected daily are passed through into it The remote unit 18 of itself is sent to information processor 2;Monitored by infrasonic wave unit 15 is Mianyang Hunan another name for Sichuan Province electronics Veinasa-CSB Infrasonic monitoring station, its spectrum signal to 5-15Hz, which is collected, sends the data of collection by the remote unit 18 of its own To information processor 2;Deep soils unit 16 is Mianyang Hunan another name for Sichuan Province electronics Veinasa-SBWY deep displacements station, and it is by position Displacement sensor, remote unit 18, solar electric power supply system and support composition, it is mainly used in monitoring multiple sliding surfaces and region Deformation or sedimentation deformation, Monitoring Data are sent to information processor 2 by the remote unit 18 of its own;Remote unit 18 is Mianyang Hunan another name for Sichuan Province electronics Veinasa-RTU remotely shakes survey terminating machine, its can connect inclinometer, surface displacement, deep displacement, water level, The meteorological sensors such as rainfall;The kernel of remote unit 18 uses 8-bit microprocessor, and has man-machine interface, can be directly in card Preset value in upper setting early warning threshold module;Remote unit 18 and each information processor using RS232, RS485, GPRS, The various ways such as USB, satellite communication or data radio station connect;Remote unit has external data memory, realizes depositing for data Storage;Remote unit 18 is subjected to the data message of front end sensors transmission, is preset with a set of algorithm in remote unit 18, this algorithm Each single datum being collected into can be contrasted with the preset value in early warning threshold module, preset when the data being collected into exceed Threshold value, alarm module is by alert data to Surveillance center;The data receiving module 21 of information processor 2 in Surveillance center will Receive data and be transferred to data analysis module 22, data analysis module 22 parses the data received, then processing is presented On connected PC computers 33, observed for staff in station, if data analysis module 22 receives remote unit 18 The particular location of received warning message can be presented on PC computers 33 by the super threshold values alarm sent, data analysis module 22 On, then warning message sent to application service device 3 by real time information transmitter module 23;Have in application service device 3 A set of software is used to inquire about debris flow information, and it can obtain the every terms of information of mud-rock flow monitoring, and early warning broadcast 32 is Mianyang Hunan another name for Sichuan Province Electronics Veinasa-HHT-02 early warning broadcasting station, when staff is following possible by monitoring the data analysis on screen 33 in station When having mud-rock flow generation, propagandaed directed to communicate by the teller machines 24 in station, early warning broadcast 32 will remind the people in disaster area to shift early, together When due to being provided with CDMA communication modules in the broadcast system, cell phone 31 can directly put through early warning broadcast 32 and immediately to mud The rock glacier region common people carry out early warning, as long as early warning personnel receive super generating value pre-warning signal by cell phone software, you can carry out immediately Debris flow early-warning, strive for the departure time to the full extent for the people.
As in above-mentioned technical scheme, the landslide displacement monitoring unit 17 includes:
Laser emission frame 171:It includes the first box body 1710 on support, is provided with what is projected for laser on first box body First hole 1711, the top of the first box body 1710 set the first power supply unit 1712, first power supply unit 1712 with 1710 generating laser 1713 connects in first box body;
Laser pick-off frame 172:It includes the second box body 1720 on support, is provided with second box body 1720 for laser The second hole 1721 injected, second box body 1720 are provided with the second power supply unit 1722, second power supply unit 1722 are connected with the optical receiver 1723 in the second box body, the remote unit in the box body of the second power supply unit 1723 and second 18 are connected, and the optical receiver 1723 is connected with the electric signal of remote unit 18, by Laser emission frame 171 and laser pick-off Frame 172 is respectively placed in the top and bottom in area where mud-rock flow is liable to occur domain, and during installation, the first hole 1711 is directed at into the second hole 1721 The laser of generating laser 1713 is set to be mapped to optical receiver 1723, because optical receiver 1723 persistently receives generating laser 1713 laser sent, therefore it will not send alarm signal, when area where mud-rock flow is liable to occur domain is come down, Laser emission frame 171 and the relative position of laser pick-off frame 172 change, optical receiver 1723 does not receive laser, now with optical receiver The remote unit 18 of 1723 electrical connections will send landslide alarm signal to information processor 2;
Because this equipment is two stands isolating construction, so if when coming down, set due to having no other between the two It is standby mutually to involve, therefore be not easy to be damaged, even if occurrence of large-area landslide, due to simple, the characteristic easily made of equipment, can make to set For reinstalling up quickly, then the relative angle of generating laser 1713 and optical receiver 1723 is adjusted i.e. again Can.
As in above-mentioned technical scheme, the remote unit 18 passes through GPRS or big-dipper satellite and described information processing unit 2 Connection, mud-rock flow typically occur in remote mountain areas, are not easy to set up order wire, therefore select the mode of wireless telecommunications.
As in above-mentioned technical scheme, the shell of the landslide displacement monitoring unit 17 is zinc-plated iron shell, iron shell It is zinc-plated, it is to improve the resistance to rainwater of equipment in the wild, corrosion resistance.
As in above-mentioned technical scheme, the optical receiver 1723 of the landslide displacement monitoring unit 17 is photosensitive switch, photosensitive Switch is high to photaesthesia degree, therefore when small slip occurs, equipment can detect immediately.
As in above-mentioned technical scheme, first, second power supply unit of the landslide displacement monitoring unit 17 supplies for solar energy Electric system or wind generator system, this design can make equipment eliminate the electric wire being connected with power network, make it have Installation Flexibility And the characteristics of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Number of devices and treatment scale described herein are for simplifying explanation of the present utility model.To the utility model Debris flow early-warning systematic difference, modifications and variations will be readily apparent to persons skilled in the art.
Although embodiment of the present utility model is disclosed as above, it is not restricted in specification and embodiment Listed utilization, it can be applied to various suitable fields of the present utility model completely, for those skilled in the art, Other modification is easily achieved, therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, this reality Specific details is not limited to new and shown here as the legend with description.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. debris flow early-warning system, it is characterised in that including:
    Information collecting device, its video surveillance unit for including being arranged in the domain of area where mud-rock flow is liable to occur, automatic rainfall monitoring unit, Soil moisture content unit, water table measure unit, monitored by infrasonic wave unit, deep soils unit, landslide displacement monitoring list Member, it is equipped with above-mentioned each unit for data record, management, storage and the remote unit of transmission, is set in the remote unit There are alarming threshold value module, alarm module and data transmission blocks, the alarming threshold value module electrically connects alarm module, the alarm Module electrically connects data transmission blocks;
    Information processor in monitoring central station, it, which is provided with, is used to receive data transmitted by described information harvester Data reception module, the data reception module electrically connect with data analysis module, the data analysis module and real time information Transmitter module electrically connects, and the real time information transmitter module sends data to application service device;
    Application service device, it includes the PC computers being connected with the data analysis module electric wire and the real time information is launched The mobile terminal of module by signal connection, and can early warning radio unit, the early warning radio unit and broadcasting in monitoring central station Sound device signal is connected, is connected with mobile terminal CDMA, GPRS or Big Dipper satellite signal.
  2. 2. debris flow early-warning system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the landslide displacement monitoring unit includes:
    Laser emission frame:It includes the first box body on support, and the first hole projected for laser, institute are provided with first box body State the first box body top and the first power supply unit is set, first power supply unit is connected with the generating laser in the first box body;
    Laser pick-off frame:It includes the second box body on support, and the second hole injected for laser is provided with second box body, Second box body is provided with the second power supply unit, and second power supply unit is connected with the optical receiver in the second box body, institute State the second power supply unit with the remote unit in the second box body to be connected, the optical receiver connects with the remote unit electric signal Connect.
  3. 3. debris flow early-warning system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the remote unit passes through CDMA, GPRS or north Bucket satellite-signal is connected with described information processing unit.
  4. 4. debris flow early-warning system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the shell of the landslide displacement monitoring unit is plating Zinc iron shell.
  5. 5. debris flow early-warning system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the optical receiver of the landslide displacement monitoring unit For photosensitive switch.
  6. 6. debris flow early-warning system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that first, the of the landslide displacement monitoring unit Two power supply units are solar electric power supply system or wind generator system.
CN201721313445.0U 2017-10-12 2017-10-12 A kind of debris flow early-warning system Active CN207182625U (en)

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CN201721313445.0U CN207182625U (en) 2017-10-12 2017-10-12 A kind of debris flow early-warning system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721313445.0U CN207182625U (en) 2017-10-12 2017-10-12 A kind of debris flow early-warning system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109360377A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-02-19 上海华测导航技术股份有限公司 A kind of geological disaster detection system and its method
CN109935052A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-06-25 青海交通职业技术学院 A kind of debris flow early-warning system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109360377A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-02-19 上海华测导航技术股份有限公司 A kind of geological disaster detection system and its method
CN109935052A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-06-25 青海交通职业技术学院 A kind of debris flow early-warning system

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