CN101826247A - System for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow - Google Patents

System for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101826247A
CN101826247A CN 201010143579 CN201010143579A CN101826247A CN 101826247 A CN101826247 A CN 101826247A CN 201010143579 CN201010143579 CN 201010143579 CN 201010143579 A CN201010143579 A CN 201010143579A CN 101826247 A CN101826247 A CN 101826247A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mud
monitoring
monitoring station
rainfall
forecasting
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CN 201010143579
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
师哲
张平仓
舒安平
张小林
任洪玉
邹翔
岑奕
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长江水利委员会长江科学院
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Priority to CN 201010143579 priority Critical patent/CN101826247A/en
Publication of CN101826247A publication Critical patent/CN101826247A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a system for monitoring, forecasting and warning the mud-rock flow, comprising at least one rainfall monitoring station, at least one mud-rock level monitoring station, at least one infrasound monitoring station and an integrated control center. The rainfall monitoring station is arranged in the mud-rock forming area; the mud-rock level monitoring station is arranged on the monitoring section; the infrasound monitoring station is arranged in the mud-rock flow flowing area; and the integrated control center is interacted with the rainfall monitoring station, the infrasound monitoring station, the mud-rock level monitoring station and the like. When the system operates, the rainfall monitoring station, the infrasound monitoring station and the mud-rock level monitoring station are used for automatically acquiring related monitoring index data and sending the related monitoring index data to the integrated control center, and the integrated control center is used for displaying the curve change process and the monitoring index data storage process in real time on line and integrally confirming and releasing the mud-rock flow forecasting and warning scheme. The system can be used for monitoring, forecasting and warning the formation, the movement and the development of the mud-rock flow as soon as possible so as to avoid the mud-rock flow accident, thereby having very practice value of preventing the mud-rock flow accident.

Description

System for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow
Technical field
The present invention relates to the monitoring and warning technical field, relate in particular to a kind of system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow.
Background technology
Rubble flow is a kind of geologic hazard that occurs in the area, mountain region, and it is the special mountain torrents that contain a large amount of sandstone pieces, have take place suddenly, last of short duration, break with tremendous force and characteristics such as destructive power is strong.China's geomorphic type complexity is various, and based on the mountain region, accounts for 2/3rds of national land surface.Owing to be in the East Asian monsoon district, heavy rain takes place frequently, and the geology and geomorphology complexity adds the influence of mankind's activity ground, and it is frequent to cause mud-stone flow disaster to take place, and is important ecological environment problem and people's livelihood problem that China faces.
The dynamic monitoring in rubble flow fundamental research and rubble flow district must be carried out field condition scientific experimentation observation.Traditional rubble flow monitoring and prediction method for early warning is to set up simple and easy monitoring point in the open air, adopt easy observation procedure, early warning after promptly mainly utilizing the artificial observation rainfall and rubble flow taking place, the detecting instrument scientific and technological content is not high, method is single, run into the thunderstorm weather communication and be difficult to unimpededly, night particularly, monitoring and warning work is difficult to implement.Substantially adopt long term monitoring forecast, monitoring and prediction in mid-term, short-term monitoring and prediction at present both at home and abroad and face monitoring alarm.The long term monitoring forecast is the trend prediction of several months to several years, does not generally attract much attention very much.A middle or short term, forecast was the forecast information of meteorological department to weather, belonged to the dangerous situation monitoring and prediction and the forecast of taking precautions against natural calamities.Facing the forecast in the monitoring alarm promptly zero hour to a few hours, is to formulate foundation according to Pluviogram hourly, force of rain information, dangerous omen, monitoring instrument.The rubble flow of cities and towns, industrial and mineral and traffic and transportation sector is faced calamity takes refuge and succours significant.Yet all there are the shortcoming that scientific and technological content is not high, monitoring accuracy is poor, achievement is untimely and fiduciary level is not enough in existing various wild mud-rock flow monitoring and prediction method for early warning and equipment.
Therefore, demand urgently providing a kind of improved system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow to overcome above-mentioned defective.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention be to provide a kind of accurately, fast, the system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow of convenient, fully automatic integral.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow, it comprise at least one rainfall monitoring station, at least one monitoring station, mud position that is laid in monitoring section that is positioned at the territory, debris flow formation region, at least one the infrasonic sound monitoring station that is positioned at the flowing area of mud flow and with described rainfall monitoring station, the mutual Complex Control Center in infrasonic sound monitoring station and monitoring station, mud position.Described rainfall monitoring station comprises solar storage battery, rain gage bucket and rainfall monitoring alarm instrument, described solar storage battery is described rainfall monitoring alarm instrument and rain gage bucket power supply, and described rainfall monitoring alarm instrument is gathered the rainfall signal by described rain gage bucket and this rainfall signal is uploaded.Monitoring station, described mud position comprises solar storage battery, contact and/or contactless mud level meter and mud bit data acquisition terminal, described solar storage battery is described mud level meter and the power supply of mud bit data acquisition terminal, and described mud bit data acquisition terminal is gathered the mud bit data by mud level meter and it is uploaded.Described infrasonic sound monitoring station comprises solar storage battery, infrasound sensor and infrasonic sound data collection station, described solar storage battery is described infrasound sensor and the power supply of infrasonic sound data collection station, and described infrasonic sound data collection station is gathered infrasound signals and it is uploaded.Described Complex Control Center is according to the rainfall signal, infrasound signals and the mud position signal that receive, according to the different forecasting and warning scheme of program issue of prior setting.
Compared with prior art, the present invention arranges each monitoring station respectively according to the concrete condition that the rubble flow zone takes place, makes it become multistage system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow in the rubble flow zones of different.System's run duration, automatically gather relevant measurement index data and send it to Complex Control Center by rainfall monitoring station, infrasonic sound monitoring station and monitoring station, mud position etc., Complex Control Center can show curve process and data storage by real-time online, and determines issue forecasting and warning scheme according to the forecasting and warning signal synthesis of each monitored area.This system can guarantee to be implemented in formation, motion and development of monitoring rubble flow under the different condition early and forecasting and warning in advance, avoids the functional requirement of mud-stone flow disaster, and keep away calamity to taking precautions against natural calamities very with practical value.In addition, because it adopts solar storage battery, realize automatic collection, the transmission of rainfall, infrasonic sound and mud position with telemetry terminal system and communication terminal equipment, have that people keep an eye on, unattended management mode so adopt under the situation in the open air, thereby the saving human resources, assurance staff's safety.
Preferably, described solar storage battery comprises and is used to guarantee that it has the charge controller of sufficient electric weight.Because solar storage battery is to adopt the direct current supply mode, adopt charge controller to carry out clamper control, preventing electric voltage over press or under-voltage phenomenon, thereby guarantee under at least 7 days continuous rainy weather situations, can keep the work of monitoring station.
By following description also in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, it is more clear that the present invention will become, and these accompanying drawings are used to explain embodiments of the invention.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of an embodiment of system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow of the present invention.
Embodiment
With reference now to accompanying drawing, describe embodiments of the invention, the similar elements label is represented similar elements in the accompanying drawing.As mentioned above, the invention provides a kind of system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow, this system can monitor mud-stone flow disaster quickly and accurately, in time protects, and effectively reduces the harmfulness of rubble flow, improves people's life and property guarantee.
Elaborate the technical scheme of the embodiment of the invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.As shown in Figure 1, system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow of the present invention comprise at least one rainfall monitoring station 1, at least one monitoring station, mud position 2 that is laid in monitoring section that is positioned at the territory, debris flow formation region, at least one the infrasonic sound monitoring station 3 that is positioned at the flowing area of mud flow and with the mutual Complex Control Center 5 in described rainfall monitoring station 1, infrasonic sound monitoring station 2 and monitoring station, mud position 3.
Particularly, described rainfall monitoring station 1 comprises solar storage battery 11, rain gage bucket 12 and rainfall monitoring alarm instrument 13, described solar storage battery 11 is described rainfall monitoring alarm instrument 13 and rain gage bucket 12 power supplies, and described rainfall monitoring alarm instrument 13 is gathered the rainfall signal and this rainfall signal is uploaded to Complex Control Center 5 by described rain gage bucket 12.Monitoring station, described mud position 2 comprises solar storage battery 21, contact and/or contactless mud level meter 22 and mud bit data acquisition terminal 23, described solar storage battery 21 is described mud level meter 22 and 23 power supplies of mud bit data acquisition terminal, and described mud bit data acquisition terminal 23 is gathered the mud bit data and it is uploaded to Complex Control Center 5 by mud level meter 22.Described infrasonic sound monitoring station 3 comprises solar storage battery 31, infrasound sensor 32 and infrasonic sound data collection station 33, described solar storage battery 31 is described infrasound sensor 32 and 33 power supplies of infrasonic sound data collection station, and described infrasonic sound data collection station 33 is gathered infrasound signals and it is uploaded to Complex Control Center 5.Described Complex Control Center 5 is according to the rainfall signal, infrasound signals and the mud position signal that receive, according to the different forecasting and warning scheme of program issue of prior setting.
The present invention arranges each monitoring station respectively according to the concrete condition that the rubble flow zone takes place, makes it become multistage system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow in the rubble flow zones of different.System's run duration, automatically gather relevant measurement index data and send it to Complex Control Center by rainfall monitoring station, infrasonic sound monitoring station and monitoring station, mud position etc., Complex Control Center can show curve process and data storage by real-time online, and determines issue forecasting and warning scheme according to the forecasting and warning signal synthesis of each monitored area.This system can guarantee to be implemented in formation, motion and the development of monitoring rubble flow under the different condition early and shift to an earlier date forecasting and warning, avoids the functional requirement of mud-stone flow disaster.
Need to prove that described Complex Control Center 5 comprises rubble flow rainfall early warning system and mud position monitor and early warning system.Described rubble flow rainfall early warning system is in conjunction with the local circumstance of arranging the rainfall monitoring station, carry out special rubble flow rainfall threshold value research, the critical rainfall scope of determining rubble flow is sent the software program of early-warning and predicting signal immediately when quantum of rainfall or raininess reach certain index.Described mud position monitor and early warning system formula is determined mud position threshold value by actual measurement raceway groove section and calculated with mathematical model, analyzes mud position key element and mud-stone flow disaster forecast and guards against the corresponding relation between the rank and the mud position monitor and early warning system set up.Described Complex Control Center can adopt multiple type of alarm, as sound and light alarm, display prompts etc.Described Complex Control Center can also pass through Long-distance Control, and is more convenient, to meet the demand of information networking, further adapts to the high-speed decision requirement of present rubble flow mitigation.
Preferably, described solar storage battery 11,21,31 comprises and is used to guarantee that it has the charge controller of sufficient electric weight (figure does not show).Because solar storage battery is to adopt the direct current supply mode, adopt charge controller to carry out clamper control, preventing electric voltage over press or under-voltage phenomenon, thereby guarantee under at least 7 days continuous rainy weather situations, can keep the work of monitoring station.Monitoring system is used easy to operate, and observing and controlling precision height is measured in real time, stores, transmitted the observation measurement result.Equipment running status reports automatically, but Remote configuration and management.
Preferably, described Complex Control Center 5 is undertaken by communication with described rainfall monitoring station 1, infrasonic sound monitoring station 3 and monitoring station 2, mud position alternately.Particularly, the mode of described radio communication can be selected GPRS or cdma mobile communication and/or ultrashort wave (USW) wireless data transmission mode according to actual conditions.
Preferably, described rainfall monitoring station 1, monitoring station, mud position 2 and infrasonic sound monitoring station 3 dispose lightning protection system respectively, to ensure the safety of each monitoring station equipment.
Because each monitoring station of the present invention all can self-powered and automatic control, instrument and equipment integrated level height is convenient to carry out the field monitoring under the various operating modes.To the monitoring degree of accuracy height of rubble flow, improved work efficiency greatly, has bigger application value.

Claims (6)

1. a system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow is characterized in that: comprise
Be positioned at least one rainfall monitoring station in territory, debris flow formation region, it comprises solar storage battery, rain gage bucket and rainfall monitoring alarm instrument, described solar storage battery is described rainfall monitoring alarm instrument and rain gage bucket power supply, and described rainfall monitoring alarm instrument is gathered the rainfall signal by described rain gage bucket and this rainfall signal is uploaded;
Be laid at least one monitoring station, mud position of monitoring section, comprise solar storage battery, contact and/or contactless mud level meter and mud bit data acquisition terminal, described solar storage battery is described mud level meter and the power supply of mud bit data acquisition terminal, and described mud bit data acquisition terminal is gathered the mud bit data by mud level meter and it is uploaded;
Be positioned at least one infrasonic sound monitoring station of the flowing area of mud flow, comprise solar storage battery, infrasound sensor and infrasonic sound data collection station, described solar storage battery is described infrasound sensor and the power supply of infrasonic sound data collection station, and described infrasonic sound data collection station is gathered infrasound signals and it is uploaded;
And with described rainfall monitoring station, the mutual Complex Control Center in infrasonic sound monitoring station and monitoring station, mud position, described Complex Control Center is according to the rainfall signal, infrasound signals and the mud position signal that receive, according to the different forecasting and warning scheme of program issue of prior setting.
2. system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described solar storage battery comprises and is used to guarantee that it has the charge controller of sufficient electric weight.
3. system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise be laid in territory, the flowing area of mud flow and with the mutual auxiliary monitoring instrument of described Complex Control Center, described auxiliary monitoring instrument comprises that impulsive force rubble flow monitor, break line type rubble flow detector and tap height detect one or more in line, the video camera.
4. according to each described system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: described Complex Control Center and described rainfall monitoring station, infrasonic sound monitoring station and monitoring station, mud position are undertaken by communication alternately.
5. according to each described system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow of claim 4, it is characterized in that: the mode of described radio communication comprises GPRS or cdma mobile communication and/or ultrashort wave (USW) wireless data transmission mode.
6. according to each described system for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: described rainfall monitoring station, monitoring station, mud position and infrasonic sound monitoring station dispose lightning protection system respectively.
CN 201010143579 2010-04-06 2010-04-06 System for monitoring, forecasting and warning mud-rock flow CN101826247A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102103787A (en) * 2011-02-27 2011-06-22 中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Debris flow early warning method
CN102122423A (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-07-13 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心 Mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device and mud-rock flow monitoring method
CN102496240A (en) * 2011-12-28 2012-06-13 南京葛南实业有限公司 Mud-rock flow early warning system
CN102682575A (en) * 2012-06-06 2012-09-19 毛振刚 Debris flow video monitoring 3G network transmission alarm system
CN103198620A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-07-10 成都市西创科技有限公司 Debris flow forewarning system and debris flow forewarning method
CN103578230A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-12 江兴明 Landslide and debris flow alarm method based on Internet of Things
CN103903394A (en) * 2014-03-10 2014-07-02 北京卓越经纬测控技术有限公司 Safety monitoring and early warning device for debris flow
CN104715577A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-17 北京师范大学 Earthquake landslide hazard monitoring device
CN105023395A (en) * 2014-04-29 2015-11-04 天津奥优星通传感技术有限公司 Debris flow monitoring and early warning system
CN107195164A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-09-22 长江水利委员会长江科学院 Mountain flood on-line monitoring identification method for early warning and its early warning system
CN108828186A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-11-16 四川理工学院 A kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function
CN109035709A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-18 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 A kind of method for early warning, the apparatus and system of mountain torrents mud-rock flow
CN109151751A (en) * 2018-07-23 2019-01-04 上海华测导航技术股份有限公司 A kind of disaster detection management method, apparatus, equipment and system
CN109615829A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-04-12 西南交通大学 A kind of novel monitoring of mud-rock flow mud position and disaster alarm device
CN110706456A (en) * 2019-10-19 2020-01-17 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Rapid early warning system for debris flow

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102122423A (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-07-13 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心 Mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device and mud-rock flow monitoring method
CN102103787A (en) * 2011-02-27 2011-06-22 中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Debris flow early warning method
CN102496240A (en) * 2011-12-28 2012-06-13 南京葛南实业有限公司 Mud-rock flow early warning system
CN102496240B (en) * 2011-12-28 2013-08-07 南京葛南实业有限公司 Mud-rock flow early warning system
CN102682575A (en) * 2012-06-06 2012-09-19 毛振刚 Debris flow video monitoring 3G network transmission alarm system
CN103198620A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-07-10 成都市西创科技有限公司 Debris flow forewarning system and debris flow forewarning method
CN103198620B (en) * 2013-04-02 2015-11-11 成都市西创科技有限公司 A kind of debris flow early-warning system and method
CN103578230A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-12 江兴明 Landslide and debris flow alarm method based on Internet of Things
CN103903394A (en) * 2014-03-10 2014-07-02 北京卓越经纬测控技术有限公司 Safety monitoring and early warning device for debris flow
CN105023395A (en) * 2014-04-29 2015-11-04 天津奥优星通传感技术有限公司 Debris flow monitoring and early warning system
CN104715577A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-17 北京师范大学 Earthquake landslide hazard monitoring device
CN104715577B (en) * 2015-04-07 2017-01-18 北京师范大学 Earthquake landslide hazard monitoring device
CN107195164A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-09-22 长江水利委员会长江科学院 Mountain flood on-line monitoring identification method for early warning and its early warning system
CN108828186A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-11-16 四川理工学院 A kind of slide prediction device with wide area monitoring function
CN109151751A (en) * 2018-07-23 2019-01-04 上海华测导航技术股份有限公司 A kind of disaster detection management method, apparatus, equipment and system
CN109035709A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-18 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 A kind of method for early warning, the apparatus and system of mountain torrents mud-rock flow
CN109615829A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-04-12 西南交通大学 A kind of novel monitoring of mud-rock flow mud position and disaster alarm device
CN110706456A (en) * 2019-10-19 2020-01-17 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Rapid early warning system for debris flow

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