CN108821810A - A kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing method - Google Patents

A kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108821810A
CN108821810A CN201811103698.4A CN201811103698A CN108821810A CN 108821810 A CN108821810 A CN 108821810A CN 201811103698 A CN201811103698 A CN 201811103698A CN 108821810 A CN108821810 A CN 108821810A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
argol
fermentation
excrement
processing
dispersion
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Application number
CN201811103698.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马国胜
陈娟
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Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture
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Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture
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Priority to CN201811103698.4A priority Critical patent/CN108821810A/en
Publication of CN108821810A publication Critical patent/CN108821810A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing methods, include the following steps:Separation:The excrement of livestock and poultry is separated into argol and urine, urine and sewage import liquid excrement and stores pre fermentation pond, and argol send to formula argol of taking shelter from rain and collects fermentation vat;Argol processing:Formula argol of taking shelter from rain is collected the argol in fermentation vat using dung towing cart to send into the argol fermentation greenhouse at night soil-treatment center, the processing of depth aerobic fermentation is carried out with stalk, granular organic commercial fertilizer is then made;The processing of liquid excrement:Using inhale excrement groove tank car by liquid excrement store pre fermentation pond in urine and sewage be transferred to night soil-treatment center warehouse-type liquid excrement collect fermentation vat, carry out anaerobic fermentation processing, obtain liquid fertilizer;Fertilising and packaging.By the above-mentioned means, dispersion animal waste collection processing method of the present invention, night soil-treatment center is contacted with the foundation of small-sized dispersion livestock and poultry farm, is greatly improved the economic benefit of excrement, is improved the facility utilization rate at night soil-treatment center.

Description

A kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of environmental management, collect processing side more particularly to a kind of dispersion animal waste Method.
Background technique
The serious area of water pollution, the raiser of dispersion is often numerous, and small farm lacks equipment and place, it is difficult to The timely processing of excrement is carried out, only simple air storage polluted water so that portion of stool is emitted into river with rainwater Body.
In addition, the raiser of dispersion is inadequate to the value recognization of excrement, it is traditional make compost returning to the field be difficult to play its it is maximum Economic value, cause raiser not high to the processing enthusiasm of excrement and acoprosis management and pollute environment one it is big because Element.
Summary of the invention
The invention mainly solves the technical problem of providing a kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing methods, so that The raiser of dispersion combines with night soil-treatment center, promotes the treatment effect and economic value of excrement.
In order to solve the above technical problems, one technical scheme adopted by the invention is that:It is useless to provide a kind of dispersion livestock and poultry cultivation Gurry collection processing method, includes the following steps:
Separation:The excrement of livestock and poultry is separated into argol and urine, and list is respectively set for the rainwater of farm and the sewage of cleaning Only pipeline, urine and sewage import liquid excrement and store pre fermentation pond, and argol is sent to formula argol of taking shelter from rain using argol night soil collector and collected Fermentation vat;
Argol processing:Formula argol of taking shelter from rain the argol in fermentation vat is collected using dung towing cart to send to the argol hair at night soil-treatment center In ferment greenhouse, adds sludge and stalk carries out the processing of depth aerobic fermentation, stalk staple fiber ppd is 2 ~ 4cm, is mixed together with sludge Conjunction is fermented in argol, in fermentation process, is sprayed or is added dropwise rainwater or urine and sewage, keep certain moisture, Then granular organic commercial fertilizer is made, applies fertilizer or sells for agricultural;
The processing of liquid excrement:Using inhale excrement groove tank car by liquid excrement store pre fermentation pond in urine and sewage be transferred to night soil-treatment center Warehouse-type liquid excrement collect fermentation vat, carry out anaerobic fermentation processing, obtain liquid fertilizer, recycle to inhale excrement groove tank car and be sent into liquid fertilizer and seal Warehouse style liquid excrement storage pool is closed to be kept in;
Fertilising:Mating irrigation canals and ditches are applied by liquid excrement, liquid fertilizer is introduced into farmland, vegetable plot, orchard, forest farm or nursery stock base and carries out liquid State fertilising;
Packaging:Composition detection is carried out to liquid fertilizer, adds necessary nutrient, it is filling using plastic barrel progress, and then openly go out It sells.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the depth aerobic fermentation is handled, aeration tube is installed, it is strong by air blower System is passed through oxygen and carries out aerobic fermentation;
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the rainwater drains into sewer or drains into stormwater tank and collect storage and supported The cleaning of field is grown, rainwater utilization is promoted.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the warehouse-type liquid excrement collects fermentation vat progress anaerobic fermentation processing, Take the mode for sealing and vacuumizing.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in the depth aerobic fermentation processing step, argol, sludge and stalk Specific gravity is 10:2:1.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in the separating step, the excrement of livestock and poultry is carried out using separating dry space from moist space machine Separation.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in the argol processing step, the control of moisture in fermentation process 50 ~ 60%。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, label on the plastic barrel indicates the ingredient of liquid fertilizer on label And nutrient.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:A kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing method that the present invention points out, excrement Just processing center is contacted with the foundation of small-sized dispersion livestock and poultry farm, and each small-sized dispersion livestock and poultry farm carries out dry and wet point to excrement It is separated from rain dirt, argol is sent to night soil-treatment center to ferment together with stalk, stalk is not only utilized, but also increase fertility, urinates Liquid and sewage send to night soil-treatment center and carry out anaerobic fermentation, and liquid fertilizer is made, and application is convenient, greatly improve the economic effect of excrement Benefit improves the facility utilization rate at night soil-treatment center, reduces the cost of processing, strengthens the protection of ambient enviroment.
Detailed description of the invention
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, for For those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other Attached drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram for dispersing one preferred embodiment of animal waste collection processing method of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The technical scheme in the embodiments of the invention will be clearly and completely described below, it is clear that described implementation Example is only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, this field is common Technical staff's all other embodiment obtained without making creative work belongs to the model that the present invention protects It encloses.
Referring to Fig. 1, the embodiment of the present invention includes:
Embodiment 1:
A kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing method, includes the following steps:
Separation:Small-sized dispersion livestock and poultry farm utilizes separating dry space from moist space machine, and the excrement of livestock and poultry is separated into argol and urine, dry and wet point Disembarking, work efficiency is high, and occupied area is small, and individual pipeline, rain is respectively set for the rainwater of farm and the sewage of cleaning Water drains into sewer or collects the cleaning that storage carries out farm, reduces cost, and urine and sewage import the pre- hair of liquid excrement storage Ferment pond, argol are sent to formula argol of taking shelter from rain using argol night soil collector and collect fermentation vat;
Argol processing:Formula argol of taking shelter from rain the argol in fermentation vat is collected using dung towing cart to send to the argol hair at night soil-treatment center In ferment greenhouse, sludge and stalk are added, carries out the processing of depth aerobic fermentation, the specific gravity of argol, sludge and stalk is 10:2:1, add The strong utilization of stalk and sludge, increases the fertility of argol, stalk is cut into 3cm length, and sludge is obtained from river bed dredging Waste material, cost is extremely low, and aeration tube is installed in greenhouse, is passed through oxygen to aeration tube pressure from air blower and carries out aerobic fermentation, Ferment effect is promoted, in fermentation process, the water pipe of annular is lifted on dunghill, weeper is arranged in water pipe bottom, continues to dunghill Urine and sewage is added dropwise, keeps 55% moisture, strengthens the utilization of urine and sewage, it is organic that granular commodity are then made Fertilizer is applied fertilizer or is sold for agricultural, increases economic benefit;
The processing of liquid excrement:Using inhale excrement groove tank car by liquid excrement store pre fermentation pond in urine and sewage be transferred to night soil-treatment center Warehouse-type liquid excrement collect fermentation vat, carry out anaerobic fermentation processing, warehouse-type liquid excrement is collected fermentation vat and is sealed when fermentation, very To vacuumizing, ferment effect is promoted, obtains liquid fertilizer, recycles and inhales excrement groove tank car for the warehouse style liquid excrement storage pool of liquid fertilizer feeding closing It is kept in;
Fertilising:Mating irrigation canals and ditches are applied by liquid excrement, liquid fertilizer is introduced into farmland, vegetable plot, orchard, forest farm or nursery stock base and carries out liquid State fertilising, dedicated irrigation canals and ditches operate conveniently.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing method, includes the following steps:
Separation:Small-sized dispersion livestock and poultry farm utilizes separating dry space from moist space machine, and the excrement of livestock and poultry is separated into argol and urine, dry and wet point Disembarking, work efficiency is high, and occupied area is small, and individual pipeline, rain is respectively set for the rainwater of farm and the sewage of cleaning Water drains into sewer or collects the cleaning that storage carries out farm, reduces cost, and urine and sewage import the pre- hair of liquid excrement storage Ferment pond, argol are sent to formula argol of taking shelter from rain using argol night soil collector and collect fermentation vat;
Argol processing:Formula argol of taking shelter from rain the argol in fermentation vat is collected using dung towing cart to send to the argol hair at night soil-treatment center In ferment greenhouse, sludge and stalk are added, carries out the processing of depth aerobic fermentation, the specific gravity of argol, sludge and stalk is 10:2:1, add The strong utilization of stalk and sludge, increases the fertility of argol, stalk is cut into 4cm length, and sludge is obtained from river bed dredging Waste material, cost is extremely low, and aeration tube is installed in greenhouse, is passed through oxygen to aeration tube pressure from air blower and carries out aerobic fermentation, Ferment effect is promoted, in fermentation process, shower is lifted on dunghill, discontinuity sprays urine and sewage to dunghill, keeps 60% Moisture, strengthens the utilization of urine and sewage, and granular organic commercial fertilizer is then made, and applies fertilizer or sells for agricultural, Increase economic benefit;
The processing of liquid excrement:Using inhale excrement groove tank car by liquid excrement store pre fermentation pond in urine and sewage be transferred to night soil-treatment center Warehouse-type liquid excrement collect fermentation vat, carry out anaerobic fermentation processing, warehouse-type liquid excrement is collected fermentation vat and is sealed when fermentation, very To vacuumizing, ferment effect is promoted, obtains liquid fertilizer, recycles and inhales excrement groove tank car for the warehouse style liquid excrement storage pool of liquid fertilizer feeding closing It is kept in;
Packaging:Composition detection is carried out to liquid fertilizer, adds necessary nutrient, it is filling using plastic barrel progress, and then openly go out It sells, the label on plastic barrel, the ingredient and nutrient of liquid fertilizer is indicated on label, client selects respectively, and farm is logical The gardens of normal not large area, therefore, the sale of liquid fertilizer is more advantageous to the recycling of cost.
In conclusion a kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing method that the present invention points out, strengthens small-sized point Scattered livestock and poultry farm is contacted with night soil-treatment center, and the argol fermentation greenhouse and warehouse-type liquid excrement for sharing night soil-treatment center are received Collect fermentation vat, carries out unified fermentation, reduce cost, improve the economic benefit of excrement, be conducive to the protection of environment.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, all to utilize this hair Equivalent structure or equivalent flow shift made by bright description is applied directly or indirectly in other relevant technology necks Domain is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing method, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
Separation:The excrement of livestock and poultry is separated into argol and urine, and list is respectively set for the rainwater of farm and the sewage of cleaning Only pipeline, urine and sewage import liquid excrement and store pre fermentation pond, and argol is sent to formula argol of taking shelter from rain using argol night soil collector and collected Fermentation vat;
Argol processing:Formula argol of taking shelter from rain the argol in fermentation vat is collected using dung towing cart to send to the argol hair at night soil-treatment center In ferment greenhouse, adds sludge and stalk carries out the processing of depth aerobic fermentation, stalk staple fiber ppd is 2 ~ 4cm, is mixed together with sludge Conjunction is fermented in argol, in fermentation process, is sprayed or is added dropwise rainwater or urine and sewage, keep certain moisture, Then granular organic commercial fertilizer is made, applies fertilizer or sells for agricultural;
The processing of liquid excrement:Using inhale excrement groove tank car by liquid excrement store pre fermentation pond in urine and sewage be transferred to night soil-treatment center Warehouse-type liquid excrement collect fermentation vat, carry out anaerobic fermentation processing, obtain liquid fertilizer, recycle to inhale excrement groove tank car and be sent into liquid fertilizer and seal Warehouse style liquid excrement storage pool is closed to be kept in;
Fertilising:Mating irrigation canals and ditches are applied by liquid excrement, liquid fertilizer is introduced into farmland, vegetable plot, orchard, forest farm or nursery stock base and carries out liquid State fertilising;
Packaging:Composition detection is carried out to liquid fertilizer, adds necessary nutrient, it is filling using plastic barrel progress, and then openly go out It sells.
2. dispersion animal waste collection processing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the depth is good When aerobe fermentation processing, aeration tube is installed, oxygen is passed through by air blower pressure and carries out aerobic fermentation;
Dispersion animal waste collection processing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the rainwater drains into Sewer drains into stormwater tank and collects the cleaning of storage progress farm.
3. dispersion animal waste collection processing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the warehouse-type When liquid excrement collects fermentation vat progress anaerobic fermentation processing, the mode for sealing and vacuumizing is taken.
4. dispersion animal waste collection processing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the depth is good In aerobe fermentation processing step, the specific gravity of argol, sludge and stalk is 10:2:1.
5. dispersion animal waste collection processing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the separation step In rapid, separated using the excrement that separating dry space from moist space machine carries out livestock and poultry.
6. dispersion animal waste collection processing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that at the argol It manages in step, the moisture in fermentation process is controlled 50 ~ 60%.
7. dispersion animal waste collection processing method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the plastic barrel Upper label indicates the ingredient and nutrient of liquid fertilizer on label.
CN201811103698.4A 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 A kind of dispersion animal waste collection processing method Pending CN108821810A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111072408A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-28 北京柏嘉伦环保科技有限公司 Relay type fermentation method for combined co-treatment of straw-feces or sludge, product and application
CN111072431A (en) * 2019-12-12 2020-04-28 新疆农垦科学院 Organic functional carrier loaded with water-soluble microbial agent, preparation method of organic functional carrier, functional biological organic liquid fertilizer and biological organic fertilizer

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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KR101107184B1 (en) * 2011-07-25 2012-01-25 정태규 Recycling system for livestock excretions
CN102964149A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-03-13 湖南深拓智能设备股份有限公司 Pollution abatement method for livestock and poultry farm
CN106365222A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-02-01 中国科学院生态环境研究中心鄂尔多斯固体废弃物资源化工程技术研究所 Livestock/poultry cultivation pollution control-centralized recycling integrated technique
CN107021806A (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-08-08 新田县祺峰生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of method for innocent treatment of pig manure
CN107417395A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-12-01 曾召禄 A kind of livestock-raising utilization of waste as resource method
CN107651822A (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-02-02 汪深 A kind of livestock and poultry feces liquid ecological governing system and method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101709004A (en) * 2009-12-07 2010-05-19 哈尔滨工业大学 Method for comprehensively treating livestock waste and utilizing resource
KR101107184B1 (en) * 2011-07-25 2012-01-25 정태규 Recycling system for livestock excretions
CN102964149A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-03-13 湖南深拓智能设备股份有限公司 Pollution abatement method for livestock and poultry farm
CN107021806A (en) * 2016-01-29 2017-08-08 新田县祺峰生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of method for innocent treatment of pig manure
CN106365222A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-02-01 中国科学院生态环境研究中心鄂尔多斯固体废弃物资源化工程技术研究所 Livestock/poultry cultivation pollution control-centralized recycling integrated technique
CN107417395A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-12-01 曾召禄 A kind of livestock-raising utilization of waste as resource method
CN107651822A (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-02-02 汪深 A kind of livestock and poultry feces liquid ecological governing system and method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111072431A (en) * 2019-12-12 2020-04-28 新疆农垦科学院 Organic functional carrier loaded with water-soluble microbial agent, preparation method of organic functional carrier, functional biological organic liquid fertilizer and biological organic fertilizer
CN111072408A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-28 北京柏嘉伦环保科技有限公司 Relay type fermentation method for combined co-treatment of straw-feces or sludge, product and application

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