CN108811963A - A kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables - Google Patents

A kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108811963A
CN108811963A CN201810879274.0A CN201810879274A CN108811963A CN 108811963 A CN108811963 A CN 108811963A CN 201810879274 A CN201810879274 A CN 201810879274A CN 108811963 A CN108811963 A CN 108811963A
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China
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parts
weight
vegetables
vegetable cultivation
cultivation matrix
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CN201810879274.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林小明
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Dongguan Jifeng Agricultural Ecological Park Development Co Ltd
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Dongguan Jifeng Agricultural Ecological Park Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810879274.0A priority Critical patent/CN108811963A/en
Publication of CN108811963A publication Critical patent/CN108811963A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/25Dry fruit hulls or husks, e.g. chaff or coir
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/28Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing peat, moss or sphagnum
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The present invention relates to greenhouse gardening technology fields, and in particular to a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables, the present invention is directed to the characteristic of vegetables, using coextrusion-lamination film as awning film;And multiple plantation platforms are set in greenhouse, the plantation platform is equipped with vegetable cultivation matrix;It plants and applies vegetables slow-release fertilizer to vegetable cultivation matrix after finishing.Awning film ensure that the normal photosynthesis of vegetables, vegetable cultivation matrix and vegetables slow-release fertilizer ensure that the nutrient of vegetables, reduce pest and disease damage, improve the yield and quality of vegetables, since vegetable cultivation matrix and being used cooperatively for vegetables slow-release fertilizer are not required to consider the problems of fertility deficiency and top dressing in the entire vegetable growth period, as long as normally water.

Description

A kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables
Technical field
The present invention relates to greenhouse gardening technology fields, and in particular to a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables.
Background technique
Traditional agriculture depends on natural weather, and China's most area belongs to monsoon climate, and winter is dry and cold, and summer is damp and hot, The growth of crop is largely constrained, limits the yield of crops with growth cycle, while the people that China continues to increase Mouth is but also Land is more prominent.Therefore, Development of Morden agricultural is very necessary.
Developing industrialized agriculture is the most effective mode for solving the problems, such as China and having a large population and a few land, and wherein greenhouse technology is development The important directions of industrialized agriculture.The appearance of greenhouse reduces crop for the dependence of external environment, has built one and fitted The mini system environment for closing plant growth, meets people for the growing demand of agricultural product.How the production of vegetables is improved Amount is that modern agriculture needs urgent problem.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is aiming at the shortcomings in the prior art, provide a kind of the big of vegetables that yield of vegetables can be improved Canopy implantation methods.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables, it includes following methods:
(1)Frame is built on the ground, and covers coextrusion-lamination film on frame, forms greenhouse;
(2)Multiple plantation platforms are set in greenhouse, and the plantation platform is equipped with vegetable cultivation matrix, by vegetable cultivation in this In the vegetable cultivation matrix for planting platform;
(3)It plants and applies vegetables slow-release fertilizer to vegetable cultivation matrix after finishing.
The plantation platform is made of steel plate or cement plate.Plant the use of platform, harvesting and vegetable seed convenient for vegetables The disinfection of phytyl matter.
The bottom of the plantation platform offers air hole, and the top of the plantation platform is equipped with spray equipment.
The vegetable cultivation matrix is by the decomposed material of 50-100 parts by weight, 30-60 parts by weight seaweed, 30-60 parts by weight wheat Chaff, 1-5 parts of parts by weight biomass carbons, 5-10 parts by weight wooden slag, 20-50 parts by weight peat soil composition.Vegetable cultivation matrix tool There is the condition of the suitable vegetable growth such as good water-retaining property, gas permeability and nutrient preserving capability, is conducive to the growth of vegetable root system and to institute Need the absorption of mineral nutrient element.
The decomposed material is by mushroom slag, vinasse, Chinese medicine slag by 1:1:1 ratio obtains after mixing post-fermentation decomposed 60-90 days. Being added when fermentation maturity by weight ratio is 2:2:1:1 actinomyces, saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus composition decomposing agent, have Imitate active bacterial content hundred million units/grams of 0.5-1;Dosage is to add 40-60kg in 100m3 material.
Vegetable cultivation matrix with a thickness of 18-30cm, when vegetable growth, keeps the wet of vegetable cultivation matrix and will stablize Control is at 18 DEG C -28 DEG C.
The coextrusion-lamination film is anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film.Anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film can also be used using commercially available The applicant research and development anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film, it is combined by internal layer, middle layer and outer layer, outer layer by following parts by weight original Material composition:20-30 parts of metallocene PE, 10-20 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 5-10 parts of linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), auxiliary agent 1-8 parts;Middle layer is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:15-25 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 5-10 parts of nylon-6, ethylene-second 5-10 parts of enol copolymer;Internal layer is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:20-30 parts of metallocene PE, high-density polyethylene 15-20 parts of alkene, 5-10 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, 3-6 parts of antistatic agent, 5-10 parts of other auxiliary agents.
The auxiliary agent of the outer layer is 2- methyl methacrylate, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide, toluic acid isophthalic two Phenolic ester, phosphite ester are according to weight ratio(2-3):(1-3):(1-2):(2-3)The mixture of composition;Second in 4 middle layers The molar content of ethylene is 28%-38% in alkene-ethenol copolymer;The antistatic agent of the internal layer is perfluoro-n-octane, second Oxygroup alkylamine is according to weight ratio(1-3):(2-5)The mixture of composition;Other auxiliary agents of the internal layer are rare-earth light-converting Powder, chlorinated paraffin, nano-titanium dioxide are according to weight ratio(1-3):(4-6):(1-3)The mixture of composition.
The vegetables slow-release fertilizer is by 90 parts by weight of coating expanded perlite 80-, seaweed 30-40 parts by weight, xanthan gum 20- 30 parts by weight, amino acid 5-10 parts by weight, humic acid 10-20 parts by weight, microelement 1-3 parts by weight.In vegetables slow-release fertilizer Nutrient also can partially enter in the biomass carbon of vegetable cultivation matrix, further progress sustained release.
The microelement is the mixture of ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, ammonium sulfate.
The coating expanded perlite is by weight by 30-40 parts of micropore starch, 20-30 parts of perlite, organic fertilizer 10- 15 parts and inorganic fertilizer 2-8 parts compositions;
The organic fertilizer is by weight by 2-4 parts of biomass charcoal powder, 2-4 parts of soybean cake, 1-3 parts of conch meal, fishbone dust 1-3 Part, 1-2 parts of bean dregs, 1-2 parts of sheep dung and 0.3-0.5 parts of leavening compositions;The inorganic fertilizer is by weight by potassium nitrate 1-3 Part, 1-3 parts of boric acid, 0.2-0.6 parts of calcium nitrate, 0.6 part of manganese sulfate 0.2-, 0.2-0.4 parts of calcium superphosphate and zinc sulfate 0.2- 0.4 part of composition.Leavening uses EM leavening, can also use other leavenings.
When insufficient light, required intensity of illumination is reached using illumination compensation equipment, using Temperature Humidity Sensor to vegetables Planting matrix carries out Temperature and Humidity.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The present invention is directed to the characteristic of vegetables, using coextrusion-lamination film as awning film;And The multiple plantation platforms of setting, the plantation platform are equipped with vegetable cultivation matrix in greenhouse;It plants after finishing to vegetable cultivation base Matter applies vegetables slow-release fertilizer.Awning film ensure that the normal photosynthesis of vegetables, vegetable cultivation matrix and vegetables slow-release fertilizer are protected The nutrient for having demonstrate,proved vegetables, reduces pest and disease damage, improves the yield and quality of vegetables, in the entire vegetable growth period due to Vegetable cultivation matrix and being used cooperatively for vegetables slow-release fertilizer are not required to consider the problems of fertility deficiency and top dressing, as long as normally being poured Water.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with the following Examples.
Embodiment 1
A kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables, it includes following methods:
(1)Frame is built on the ground, and covers coextrusion-lamination film on frame, forms greenhouse;
(2)Multiple plantation platforms are set in greenhouse, and the plantation platform is equipped with vegetable cultivation matrix, by vegetable cultivation in this In the vegetable cultivation matrix for planting platform;
(3)It plants and applies vegetables slow-release fertilizer to vegetable cultivation matrix after finishing.
The plantation platform is made of steel plate or cement plate.
The bottom of the plantation platform offers air hole, and the top of the plantation platform is equipped with spray equipment.
The vegetable cultivation matrix is by the decomposed material of 50 parts by weight, 30 parts by weight seaweed, 30 parts by weight wheat brans, 5 parts of weight Part biomass carbon, 10 parts by weight wooden slags, 50 parts by weight peat soils composition.
The decomposed material is by mushroom slag, vinasse, Chinese medicine slag by 1:1:1 ratio obtains after mixing post-fermentation decomposed 90 days.Hair Being added when ferment is decomposed by weight ratio is 2:2:1:1 actinomyces, saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus composition decomposing agent, effectively Hundred million units/grams of active bacterial content 0.5-1;Dosage is to add 40kg in 100m3 material.
Vegetable cultivation matrix with a thickness of 18cm, when vegetable growth, keeps the wet of vegetable cultivation matrix and by stability contorting At 20 DEG C.
The coextrusion-lamination film is anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film.Anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film is anti-fog total using the applicant's research and development Squeeze composite membrane, which can be effectively prevented drippage, and increase illumination, it is combined by internal layer, middle layer and outer layer, outer layer by The raw material of following parts by weight forms:30 parts of metallocene PE, 10 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 5 parts of linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), 1-8 parts of auxiliary agent;Middle layer is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:15 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 5 parts of nylon-6, ethylene-vinyl 5 parts of alcohol copolymer;Internal layer is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:30 parts of metallocene PE, 20 parts of high density polyethylene (HDPE), second 5 parts of alkene-acetate ethylene copolymer, 3 parts of antistatic agent, 10 parts of other auxiliary agents.
The auxiliary agent of the outer layer is 2- methyl methacrylate, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide, toluic acid isophthalic two Phenolic ester, phosphite ester are 2 according to weight ratio: 1:1:The mixture of 2 compositions;In 4 middle layers in ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer The molar content of ethylene is 28%-38%;The antistatic agent of the internal layer is perfluoro-n-octane, ethoxylated alkylamine according to weight Amount is than being 1:The mixture of 4 compositions;Other auxiliary agents of the internal layer are rare-earth light-converting powder, chlorinated paraffin, nano-titanium dioxide are pressed It is 1 according to weight ratio:4:The mixture of 3 compositions.
The vegetables slow-release fertilizer is by 80 parts by weight of coating expanded perlite, 30 parts by weight of seaweed, 20 parts by weight of xanthan gum, ammonia Base acid 5 parts by weight, 10 parts by weight of humic acid, 1 parts by weight of microelement.
The microelement is the mixture of ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, ammonium sulfate.
The coating expanded perlite is by weight by 30 parts of micropore starch, 20 parts of perlite, 10 parts of organic fertilizer and nothing 2 parts of compositions of machine fertilizer;
The organic fertilizer is by weight by 2 parts of biomass charcoal powder, 2 parts of soybean cake, 1 part of conch meal, 1 part of fishbone dust, bean dregs 1 Part, 1 part of sheep dung and 0.3 part of leavening composition;The inorganic fertilizer is by weight by 1 part of potassium nitrate, 1 part of boric acid, calcium nitrate 0.2 Part, 0.2 part of manganese sulfate, 0.2 part of calcium superphosphate and 0.2 part of zinc sulfate composition.Leavening uses EM leavening.
When insufficient light, required intensity of illumination is reached using illumination compensation equipment, using Temperature Humidity Sensor to vegetables Planting matrix carries out Temperature and Humidity.
Embodiment 2
A kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables, it includes following methods:
(1)Frame is built on the ground, and covers coextrusion-lamination film on frame, forms greenhouse;
(2)Multiple plantation platforms are set in greenhouse, and the plantation platform is equipped with vegetable cultivation matrix, by vegetable cultivation in this In the vegetable cultivation matrix for planting platform;
(3)It plants and applies vegetables slow-release fertilizer to vegetable cultivation matrix after finishing.
The plantation platform is made of steel plate or cement plate.
The bottom of the plantation platform offers air hole, and the top of the plantation platform is equipped with spray equipment.
The vegetable cultivation matrix is by the decomposed material of 80 parts by weight, 50 parts by weight seaweed, 50 parts by weight wheat brans, 4 parts of weight Part biomass carbon, 6 parts by weight wooden slags, 35 parts by weight peat soils composition.
The decomposed material is by mushroom slag, vinasse, Chinese medicine slag by 1:1:1 ratio obtains after mixing post-fermentation decomposed 90 days.Hair Being added when ferment is decomposed by weight ratio is 2:2:1:1 actinomyces, saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus composition decomposing agent, effectively Hundred million units/grams of active bacterial content 0.5-1;Dosage is to add 40kg in 100m3 material.
Vegetable cultivation matrix with a thickness of 22cm, when vegetable growth, keeps the wet of vegetable cultivation matrix and by stability contorting At 28 DEG C.
The coextrusion-lamination film is anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film.Anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film is anti-fog total using the applicant's research and development Composite membrane is squeezed, it is combined by internal layer, middle layer and outer layer, and outer layer is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Metallocene PE 30 parts, 15 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 8 parts of linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), 6 parts of auxiliary agent;Middle layer by following parts by weight raw material Composition:20 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 8 parts of nylon-6,6 parts of ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer;Internal layer by following parts by weight raw material Composition:25 parts of metallocene PE, 18 parts of high density polyethylene (HDPE), 8 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, 5 parts of antistatic agent, its He is 8 parts of auxiliary agent.
The auxiliary agent of the outer layer is 2- methyl methacrylate, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide, toluic acid isophthalic two Phenolic ester, phosphite ester are 3 according to weight ratio: 2:2:The mixture of 2 compositions;In 4 middle layers in ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer The molar content of ethylene is 30%;The antistatic agent of the internal layer is perfluoro-n-octane, ethoxylated alkylamine according to weight ratio It is 2:The mixture of 3 compositions;Other auxiliary agents of the internal layer are rare-earth light-converting powder, chlorinated paraffin, nano-titanium dioxide according to weight Amount is than being 3:5:The mixture of 3 compositions.
The vegetables slow-release fertilizer is by 85 parts by weight of coating expanded perlite, 35 parts by weight of seaweed, 24 parts by weight of xanthan gum, ammonia Base acid 7 parts by weight, 17 parts by weight of humic acid, 2 parts by weight of microelement.
The microelement is the mixture of ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, ammonium sulfate.
The coating expanded perlite is by weight by 35 parts of micropore starch, 25 parts of perlite, 12 parts of organic fertilizer and nothing 6 parts of compositions of machine fertilizer;
The organic fertilizer is by weight by 3 parts of biomass charcoal powder, 3 parts of soybean cake, 2 parts of conch meal, 2 parts of fishbone dust, bean dregs 2 Part, 2 parts of sheep dung and 0.5 part of leavening composition;The inorganic fertilizer is by weight by 3 parts of potassium nitrate, 2 parts of boric acid, calcium nitrate 0.6 Part, 0.6 part of manganese sulfate, 0.4 part of calcium superphosphate and 0.4 part of zinc sulfate composition.Leavening uses EM leavening.
When insufficient light, required intensity of illumination is reached using illumination compensation equipment, using Temperature Humidity Sensor to vegetables Planting matrix carries out Temperature and Humidity.
Embodiment 3
A kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables, it includes following methods:
(1)Frame is built on the ground, and covers coextrusion-lamination film on frame, forms greenhouse;
(2)Multiple plantation platforms are set in greenhouse, and the plantation platform is equipped with vegetable cultivation matrix, by vegetable cultivation in this In the vegetable cultivation matrix for planting platform;
(3)It plants and applies vegetables slow-release fertilizer to vegetable cultivation matrix after finishing.
The plantation platform is made of steel plate or cement plate.
The bottom of the plantation platform offers air hole, and the top of the plantation platform is equipped with spray equipment.
The vegetable cultivation matrix is by the decomposed material of 100 parts by weight, 60 parts by weight seaweed, 60 parts by weight wheat brans, 1 part of weight Part biomass carbon, 5 parts by weight wooden slags, 20 parts by weight peat soils composition.
The decomposed material is by mushroom slag, vinasse, Chinese medicine slag by 1:1:1 ratio obtains after mixing post-fermentation decomposed 90 days.Hair Being added when ferment is decomposed by weight ratio is 2:2:1:1 actinomyces, saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus composition decomposing agent, effectively Hundred million units/grams of active bacterial content 0.5-1;Dosage is to add 50kg in 100m3 material.
Vegetable cultivation matrix with a thickness of 30cm, when vegetable growth, keeps the wet of vegetable cultivation matrix and by stability contorting At 28 DEG C.
The coextrusion-lamination film is anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film.Anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film is anti-fog total using the applicant's research and development Composite membrane is squeezed, it is combined by internal layer, middle layer and outer layer, and outer layer is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Metallocene PE 30 parts, 20 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 10 parts of linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), 8 parts of auxiliary agent;Middle layer by following parts by weight raw material Composition:25 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 10 parts of nylon-6,10 parts of ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer;Internal layer by following parts by weight original Material composition:30 parts of metallocene PE, 20 parts of high density polyethylene (HDPE), 10 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, antistatic agent 6 Part, 10 parts of other auxiliary agents.
The auxiliary agent of the outer layer is 2- methyl methacrylate, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide, toluic acid isophthalic two Phenolic ester, phosphite ester are 2 according to weight ratio: 1:1:The mixture of 2 compositions;Second in ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer in the middle layer The molar content of alkene is 30%;The antistatic agent of the internal layer is that perfluoro-n-octane, ethoxylated alkylamine are according to weight ratio 2:The mixture of 5 compositions;Other auxiliary agents of the internal layer are rare-earth light-converting powder, chlorinated paraffin, nano-titanium dioxide according to weight Than being 1:4:The mixture of 3 compositions.
The vegetables slow-release fertilizer is by 90 parts by weight of coating expanded perlite, 40 parts by weight of seaweed, 30 parts by weight of xanthan gum, ammonia Base acid 10 parts by weight, 20 parts by weight of humic acid, 3 parts by weight of microelement.
The microelement is that weight ratio is 1:1:1 ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, ammonium sulfate mixture.
The coating expanded perlite is by weight by 40 parts of micropore starch, 30 parts of perlite, 15 parts of organic fertilizer and nothing 8 parts of compositions of machine fertilizer;
The organic fertilizer is by weight by 4 parts of biomass charcoal powder, 4 parts of soybean cake, 3 parts of conch meal, 3 parts of fishbone dust, bean dregs 2 Part, 2 parts of sheep dung and 0.5 part of leavening composition;The inorganic fertilizer is by weight by 3 parts of potassium nitrate, 3 parts of boric acid, calcium nitrate 0.6 Part, 0.6 part of manganese sulfate, 0.4 part of calcium superphosphate and 0.4 part of zinc sulfate composition.Leavening uses EM leavening.
When insufficient light, required intensity of illumination is reached using illumination compensation equipment, using Temperature Humidity Sensor to vegetables Planting matrix carries out Temperature and Humidity.
Embodiment 4
A kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables, it includes following methods:
(1)Frame is built on the ground, and covers coextrusion-lamination film on frame, forms greenhouse;
(2)Multiple plantation platforms are set in greenhouse, and the plantation platform is equipped with vegetable cultivation matrix, by vegetable cultivation in this In the vegetable cultivation matrix for planting platform;
(3)It plants and applies vegetables slow-release fertilizer to vegetable cultivation matrix after finishing.
The plantation platform is made of steel plate or cement plate.
The bottom of the plantation platform offers air hole, and the top of the plantation platform is equipped with spray equipment.
The vegetable cultivation matrix is by the decomposed material of 100 parts by weight, 30 parts by weight seaweed, 30 parts by weight wheat brans, 5 parts of weight Part biomass carbon, 5 parts by weight wooden slags, 50 parts by weight peat soils composition.
The decomposed material is by mushroom slag, vinasse, Chinese medicine slag by weight 1:1:1 ratio mixes post-fermentation decomposed 60-90 days Afterwards.Being added when fermentation maturity by weight ratio is 2:2:1:The corruption of 1 actinomyces, saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria, bacillus composition Ripe dose, hundred million units/grams of effective active bacterial content 0.5-1;Dosage is to add 40-60kg in 100m3 material.
Vegetable cultivation matrix with a thickness of 18-30cm, when vegetable growth, keeps the wet of vegetable cultivation matrix and will stablize Control is at 18 DEG C -28 DEG C.
The coextrusion-lamination film is anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film.Anti-fog coextrusion-lamination film is anti-fog total using the applicant's research and development Composite membrane is squeezed, it is combined by internal layer, middle layer and outer layer, and outer layer is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:Metallocene PE 30 parts, 10 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 10 parts of linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), 7 parts of auxiliary agent;Middle layer by following parts by weight raw material Composition:25 parts of low density polyethylene (LDPE), 10 parts of nylon-6,5 parts of ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer;Internal layer by following parts by weight original Material composition:30 parts of metallocene PE, 15 parts of high density polyethylene (HDPE), 10 parts of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, antistatic agent 6 Part, 10 parts of other auxiliary agents.
The auxiliary agent of the outer layer is 2- methyl methacrylate, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide, toluic acid isophthalic two Phenolic ester, phosphite ester are 3 according to weight ratio: 3:2:The mixture of 2 compositions;In the middle layer in ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer The molar content of ethylene is 28%;The antistatic agent of the internal layer is perfluoro-n-octane, ethoxylated alkylamine according to weight ratio It is 2:The mixture of 5 compositions;Other auxiliary agents of the internal layer are rare-earth light-converting powder, chlorinated paraffin, nano-titanium dioxide according to weight Amount is than being 1:5:The mixture of 1 composition.
The vegetables slow-release fertilizer is by 90 parts by weight of coating expanded perlite, 30 parts by weight of seaweed, 20 parts by weight of xanthan gum, ammonia Base acid 10 parts by weight, 20 parts by weight of humic acid, 3 parts by weight of microelement.
The microelement is the mixture of ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, ammonium sulfate.
The coating expanded perlite is by weight by 40 parts of micropore starch, 30 parts of perlite, 15 parts of organic fertilizer and nothing 8 parts of compositions of machine fertilizer;
The organic fertilizer is by weight by 4 parts of biomass charcoal powder, 2 parts of soybean cake, 1 part of conch meal, 3 parts of fishbone dust, bean dregs 2 Part, 2 parts of sheep dung and 0.3 part of leavening composition;The inorganic fertilizer is by weight by 3 parts of potassium nitrate, 1 part of boric acid, calcium nitrate 0.6 Part, 0.6 part of manganese sulfate, 0.4 part of calcium superphosphate and 0.4 part of zinc sulfate composition.Leavening uses EM leavening.
When insufficient light, required intensity of illumination is reached using illumination compensation equipment, using Temperature Humidity Sensor to vegetables Planting matrix carries out Temperature and Humidity.
It is demonstrated experimentally that vegetables can be made than volume increase 15-20%, disease using the greenhouse gardening method vegetables of vegetables of the invention Insect pest reduces 5-10%, and since vegetable cultivation matrix and being used cooperatively for vegetables slow-release fertilizer are not required in the entire vegetable growth period Fertility deficiency and top dressing are considered the problems of, as long as normally water.
Finally it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than the present invention is protected The limitation of range is protected, although explaining in detail referring to preferred embodiment to the present invention, those skilled in the art are answered Work as understanding, it can be with modification or equivalent replacement of the technical solution of the present invention are made, without departing from the reality of technical solution of the present invention Matter and range.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables, it is characterised in that:It includes following methods:
(1)Frame is built on the ground, and covers coextrusion-lamination film on frame, forms greenhouse;
(2)Multiple plantation platforms are set in greenhouse, and the plantation platform is equipped with vegetable cultivation matrix, by vegetable cultivation in this In the vegetable cultivation matrix for planting platform;
(3)It plants and applies vegetables slow-release fertilizer to vegetable cultivation matrix after finishing.
2. a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The plantation platform is steel plate Or cement plate is made.
3. a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bottom of the plantation platform Air hole is offered, the top of the plantation platform is equipped with spray equipment.
4. a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vegetable cultivation matrix is By the decomposed material of 50-100 parts by weight, 30-60 parts by weight seaweed, 30-60 parts by weight wheat bran, 1-5 parts of parts by weight biomass carbons, 5-10 Parts by weight wooden slag, 20-50 parts by weight peat soil composition.
5. a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The decomposed material is by mushroom Slag, vinasse, Chinese medicine slag are pressed by weight 1:1:1 ratio obtains after mixing post-fermentation decomposed 60-90 days.
6. a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The thickness of vegetable cultivation matrix For 18-30cm, when vegetable growth, keeps the wet of vegetable cultivation matrix and by stability contorting at 18 DEG C -28 DEG C.
7. a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The coextrusion-lamination film is anti- Mist coextrusion-lamination film.
8. a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vegetables slow-release fertilizer by 90 parts by weight of coating expanded perlite 80-, seaweed 30-40 parts by weight, xanthan gum 20-30 parts by weight, amino acid 5-10 weight Part, humic acid 10-20 parts by weight, microelement 1-3 parts by weight.
9. a kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:When insufficient light, use Illumination compensation equipment reaches required intensity of illumination, carries out Temperature and Humidity to vegetable cultivation matrix using Temperature Humidity Sensor.
CN201810879274.0A 2018-08-03 2018-08-03 A kind of greenhouse gardening method of vegetables Pending CN108811963A (en)

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CN104381109A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-04 湘潭溢绿园蔬菜产销专业合作社 Greenhouse vegetable soil-free cultivation technique
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