CN108785575A - 一种中药膏方 - Google Patents

一种中药膏方 Download PDF

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CN108785575A
CN108785575A CN201810917534.9A CN201810917534A CN108785575A CN 108785575 A CN108785575 A CN 108785575A CN 201810917534 A CN201810917534 A CN 201810917534A CN 108785575 A CN108785575 A CN 108785575A
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radix
chinese
chinese herbal
herbal ointment
ointment formula
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王桂玲
王媛媛
耿雨作
吴惠
段昌丰
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Suqian Hospital Of Traditional Chinese Medicine
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Suqian Hospital Of Traditional Chinese Medicine
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Abstract

一种中药膏方,所述中药膏方由以下原料制备而成:太子参、黄芪、炒白术、防风、茯苓、山药、甘草、当归、白芍、陈皮、五味子、山楂、神曲、炒麦芽、炒谷芽、生地黄、熟地黄、麦冬、桂枝、山茱萸、百合、煅牡蛎、枸杞子;小儿服用本发明后有益气养血、健脾补中、调和营卫的效果,还可以及治疗反复呼吸道感染、贫血、厌食、慢性腹泻、营养不良、生长发育迟缓等慢性疾病的作用。

Description

一种中药膏方
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及中药配方技术领域,具体涉及一种中药膏方。
背景技术
[0002] 中药膏方(亦称膏滋方),是以复方中药煎熬,去渣滤清,取汁浓缩后,以胶或蜜等 赋形剂调制而成的膏状内服制剂。膏滋方不仅是滋补强壮的药品,更是治疗慢性疾病的最 佳制剂,属于中医里丸、散、膏、丹、酒、露、汤、锭八种剂型之一。膏方一般由单味或多味中药 组成,具有很好的滋补作用。春生、夏长、秋收、冬藏,根据中医理论,冬季是一年四季中进补 的最好季节,而冬令进补,更以膏方为最佳。小儿“脏腑娇嫩,行气未充”,“肺脾肾常不足”, 根据“虚者补之”的治疗原则,本发明研制一种中药膏方,小儿服用膏方有益气养血、健脾补 中、调和营卫作用,及治疗反复呼吸道感染、贫血、厌食、慢性腹泻、营养不良、生长发育迟缓 等慢性疾病的作用。
发明内容
[0003] (一)解决的技术问题 本发明提供一种中药膏方,小儿服用膏方后有益气养血、健脾补中、调和营卫的效果, 还可以及治疗反复呼吸道感染、贫血、厌食、慢性腹泻、营养不良、生长发育迟缓等慢性疾病 的作用。
[0004](二)采用的技术方案 本发明为实现上述目的,通过以下技术方案予以实现:一种中药膏方,所述中药膏方由 以下重量的原料制备而成:太子参120-150g、黄芪120-150g、炒白术120-I50g、防风90-l2〇g、茯苳l2〇-l5〇g、山药l2〇-l5〇g、甘草3〇_5〇g、当归l〇〇-l2〇g、白苟lOO-UOg、陈皮60-9〇g、五味子60-90g、山楂 100-120g、神曲 100-120g、炒麦芽 120-150g、炒谷芽 120-I50g、生地 黄l〇〇-l2〇g、熟地黄l〇〇-l2〇g、麦冬l〇〇-l2〇g、桂枝3〇-5〇g、山茱萸 1〇〇—12〇g、百合 1〇〇_ 12〇g、煅牡蛎250-350g、枸杞子 100-120g。
[0005]作为本方案的进一步优化,所述中药膏方由以下重量的原料制备而成:太子参 120g、黄苗l2〇g、炒白术]_2〇g、防风9〇g、茯等l2〇g、山药i2〇g、甘草3〇g、当归1〇〇g、白芍1〇〇g、 陈皮6〇g、五味子60g、山楂100g、神曲100g、炒麦芽l2〇g、炒谷芽120g、生地黄1〇〇g、熟地黄 100g、麦冬100g、桂枝3〇g、山茱萸l〇〇g、百合100g、煅牡蛎25〇g、枸杞子100g。、 M 、
[0006]作为本方案的进一步优化,所述中药膏方由以下重量的原料制备而成:太子参 l5〇g、黄亩]_5〇g、炒白术150g、防风I20g、茯苳150g、山药150g、甘草5〇g、当归I20g、白苟 12〇g、陈皮90g、五味子9〇g、山楂I20g、神曲120g、炒麦芽150g、炒谷芽生地黄12收、熟 地黄120g、麦冬12〇g、桂枝50g、山茱萸120g、百合120g、煅牡蛎35〇g、枸祀子]'2〇g 、…'
[0007]作为本方案的进一步优化,所述中药膏方由以下重量的原料制备而成:太子参 135§、黄芪lS5g、炒白术135g、防风105g、茯苓135g、山药135g、甘草40g、当归110g、白芍 110g、陈皮75g、五味子7如、山楂ll〇g、神曲110g、炒麦芽l35g、炒谷芽135g、生地黄11〇§、熟 地黄110g、麦冬110g、桂枝40g、山茱萸ll〇g、百合n〇g、煅牡顿300g、枸杞子11 Og。
[0008]作为本方案的进一步优化,制备方法为:称取上述重量配比的中药原料,放入砂锅 中,加水高出药面15-2〇Cra,浸泡12小时后开始煎煮,初为大火煎煮,煮沸后改为小火继续煎 煮2小时,然后过滤取汁;将药渣加入冷水超过药面l5-20cm,再次煎煮取汁,反复2次;将3次 所取药汁沉淀过滤,放入砂锅中,以小火煎煮浓缩成稠膏状,然后加入辅料(阿胶、糖类)继 续加热搅拌成膏状,乘热快速倒入清洗并消毒过的玻璃瓶内,凉放即得。
[0009]本发病所采用的各成份的药用性能为: 太子参:甘、微苦,微温,入肺、脾经,功能补益脾肺,益气生津。用于脾气虚弱、胃阴不足 的食少倦怠,能益脾气、养胃阴。
[0010]黄芪:味甘,微温。归肺、脾、肝、肾经。能益气固表,敛汗固脱。现代医院研宄表明, 黄芪内含抗菌有效成分,且可增加机体的免疫功能。
[0011 ]炒白术:味苦、甘,性温,归脾、胃经,功能健脾益气,燥湿利水。可强脾胃,进饮食。 [0012]防风:味辛、甘,微温。归膀胱、肝、脾经。功能祛风解表,胜湿止痛,止痉。
[0013]茯苓:味甘、淡,性平。归心、肺、脾、肾经。功能渗湿健脾。
[00M]山药:味甘,平。归脾、肺、肾经。功能益气养阴,补脾肺肾,固精止带。
[0015] 甘草:味甘、平。归心、肺、脾、胃经。功能补脾益气,祛痰止咳,缓急止痛,清热解毒, 调和诸药。
[0016] 当归:味甘、辛、苦。归肝、心、脾经。功能补血、活血。
[0017]白芍:味苦、酸,性凉。入肝、脾经。能养血柔肝,缓中止痛,敛阴收汗。
[0018] 陈皮:性温,味辛、苦。入脾经、胃经、肺经。功能理气健脾,调中,化痰,燥湿。 ⑽19]五味子:性温,味酸、甘。归肺、心、、肾经。功能收敛固涩,益气生津,补肾宁心。
[0020]山楂:味酸、甘,微温。归脾、胃、肝经。功能消食化积,行气散瘀。
[0021]神曲:味甘、辛,温。归脾、胃经。功能消食和胃。
[0022]炒麦芽:味甘,平。归脾、胃、肝经。功能消食健胃。
[0023]炒谷芽:味甘,温。归脾、胃经。功能消食和中,健脾开胃。
[0024] 生地黄:味甘、苦,寒。归心、肝、肾经。功能清热凉血,养阴生津。
[0025] 熟地黄:味甘,性温。归肝、肾经。功能补血滋润,益精填髓。
[0026] 麦冬:味甘、微苦,性微寒。归心、肺、胃经。能养阴生津,润肺清心。
[0027]桂枝:味辛、甘,温。归心、肺、膀胱经。功能发汗解肌,温通经脉,助阳化气。
[0028]山茱萸:味酸、涩,微温。归肝、肾经。功能补益肝肾,收敛固涩。
[0029]百合:味甘,微寒。归肺、心、胃经。功能养阴润肺,清心安神。
[0030]煅牡蛎:味咸,味寒。归肝、胆、肾经。功能重镇安神,平肝潜阳,软坚散结,收敛固 涩。
[0031]枸杞子:味甘,性平。归肝经、肺经。功能养肝,滋肾,润肺。
[0032]阿胶:功能补血,止血,滋阴润燥。
[0033] 本发明服用方法:早晚各服用一次,每次服用量l〇ml,开水烊化,空腹服用,3〇天一 疗程。如有冑肠道不适,可在饭后30分钟至1小时服用。如遇感冒发热、咳嗽加重、呕吐、腹 痛、腹泻、哮喘发作暂停服用,症状缓解后继续服用。
[0034] (三)有益效果 牟反明捉识一柙甲约賞万,具有以下有益效果: 本发明组分搭配合理易成型,药物浓度高、体积小、药性稳定,且口味微甜不苦,易于小 儿口服。不仅是具有滋补作用药剂,还是治疗反复呼吸道感染、贫血、厌食、慢性腹泻、营养 不良、生长发育迟缓等慢性疾病等的一种有效剂型。
具体实施方式
[0035]本说明书中公开的所有特征,或公开的所有方法或过程中的步骤,除了互相排斥 的特征和/或步骤以外,均可以以任何方式组合。
[0036]本说明书(包括任何附加权利要求、摘要)中公开的任一特征,除非特别叙述,均可 被其他等效或具有类似目的的替代特征加以替换。即,除非特别叙述,每个特征只是一系列 等效或类似特征中的一个例子而已。
[0037] 实施例1 、一种中药霄方,所述中药霄方由以下重量的原料制备而成:太子参12〇g、黄芪12〇g、炒 白术l2〇g、防风9〇g、茯苓120g、山药120g、甘草30g、当归100g、白芍100g、陈皮6〇g、五味子 60g、山楂l〇〇g、神曲l〇〇g、炒麦芽120g、炒谷芽12〇g、生地黄1〇收、熟地黄1〇叱、麦冬1〇〇g、桂 枝30g、山茱萸l〇〇g、百合l〇〇g、煅牡蛎25〇g、枸杞子1〇〇g。
[0038] 本发明制备方法为:称取上述配比的中药原料,放入砂锅中,加水高出药面15一 2〇m,浸泡12小时后开始煎煮,初为大火煎煮,煮沸后改为小火继续煎煮2小时,然后过滤取 汁;将药渣加入冷水,过药面15-20cm,再次煎煮取汁,反复2次;将3次所取药汁沉淀过滤, 放入砂锅中,以小火煎煮浓缩成稠膏状,然后加入辅料(阿胶、糖类)继续加热搅拌成膏状, 乘热快速倒入清洗并消毒过的玻璃瓶内,凉放即得。
[0039] 实施例2 、一种中药膏方,所述中药膏方由以下重量的原料制备而成:太子参15〇g、黄芪15〇g、炒 白术150g、防风120g、茯苓l5〇g、山药I50g、甘草5〇g、当归丨2〇8、白芍i2〇g、陈皮90g、五味子 9〇g、山楂120g、神曲l2〇g、炒麦芽150g、炒谷芽15〇g、生地黄丨2^、熟地黄12〇§、麦冬12〇g、桂 枝5〇g、山茱萸120g、百合12〇g、煅牡蛎35〇g、枸杞子丨2〇g。
[0040]、、本发明制备方法为:称取上述配比的中药原料,放入砂锅中,加水高出药面15_ 2〇cm,浸泡I2小时后刑台煎煮,初力大火煎煮,煮沸后改为小火继续煎煮2小时,然后过滤取 汁;将药渣加入冷水g过药面15-20cm,再次煎煮取汁,反复2次;将3次所取药汁沉淀过滤, 放入砂锅中,以小火煎煮浓缩成稠膏状,然后加入辅料(阿胶、糖类)继续加热搅拌成膏状, 乘热快速倒入清洗并消毒过的玻璃瓶内,凉放即得。
[0041]实施例3 、一种中药膏方,所述中药膏方由以下重量的原料制备而成:太子参135g、黄芪135g、炒 白术l:35g、防风l〇5g、茯苓135g、山药l:35g、甘草4〇g、当归u〇g、白芍u〇g、陈皮75g、五味子 75g、山楂ll〇g、神曲110g、炒麦芽1:35g、炒谷芽135g、生地黄丨丨收、熟地黄11〇§、麦冬n〇g、桂 枝40g、山茱萸11 〇g、百合丨丨0g、煅牡蛎3〇〇g、枸杞子丨丨〇g。
[0042]、本发明制备方法为:称取上述配比的中药原料,放入砂锅中,加水高出药面15_ 20cm,浸泡12小时后开始煎煮,初为大火煎煮,煮沸后改为小火继续煎煮2小时,然后过滤取 汁;将药渣加入冷水超过药面15_2〇cm,再次煎煮取汁,反复2次;将3次所取药汁沉淀过滤, 放入砂锅中,以小火煎煮浓缩成稠膏状,然后加入辅料(阿胶、糖类)继续加热搅拌成膏状, 乘热快速倒入清洗并消毒过的玻璃瓶内,凉放即得。
[0043] 典型病例: 病例1 张宝宝,男,4岁,患儿为早产儿,平素体弱,反复感冒,且感冒后易迀延,出汗多,食少, 面色萎黄。该患儿为素体阳气不足,肺脾肾三脏功能不足,卫外不固,加之后天失调,喂养不 当及调护失宜所致。予本发明膏方早晚各空腹服用一次,每次量为10m1,服用30天,小儿食 纳明显增加,出汗减少,面色微红,继续服用两疗程,感冒次数明显减少,精神、食纳等状况 佳。
[0044] 病例2 王宝宝,女,3岁,患儿不思饮食,食量少,面色萎黄,形体偏瘦,多食则出现腹胀、大便溏 薄。多次查血红蛋白偏低,提示贫血。患儿厌食日久,脾冑气虚,胃纳不开,脾运无力。本发明 膏方早晚各空腹服用一次,每次量为l〇ml,服用30天,小儿食纳渐增加,继续服用一疗程,同 时嘱咐家长纠正患儿不良饮食习惯,逐渐增加饮食。患儿精神活力佳,食量明显增加,体重 增加,复查血红蛋白较前升高。
[0045]尽管已经示出和描述了本发明的实施例,对于本领域的普通技术人员而言,可以 理解在不脱离本发明的原理和精神的情况下可以对这些实施例进行多种变化、修改、替换 和变型,本发明的范围由所附权利要求及其等同物限定。

Claims (5)

1. -种中药方,繼征奸,臓帽#方_下重量_料而成:太子参120_ 150g、黄芪 120-150g、炒白术 120-150g、防风90-120g、茯苓 120-l50g、山药 120—15〇g、甘草 30_50g、当归 100-120g、白芍 100-120g、陈皮60-90g、五味子60—90g、山楂 1〇〇-12〇g、'神曲 100 120g、炒麦牙 120-15〇g、炒合牙 l2〇_l5〇g、生地黄 loo—i 2〇g、熟地黄 1〇〇—i2〇g、麦欠 1〇〇— 120g、桂枝30-50g、山茱萸 100-120g、百合l〇〇-l2〇g、煅牡蛎250-350g、枸杞子i〇(M2(^。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种中药膏方,其特征在于,所述中药膏方由以下重量的原料 制备而成:太子参120g、黄芪120g、炒白术120g、防风90g、茯苓12〇g、山药i2〇g、甘草3〇g、'当 归100g、白芍100g、陈皮60g、五味子60g、山楂l〇〇g、神曲i〇〇g、炒麦芽12〇g、炒谷芽12收、生 地黄100g、熟地黄100g、麦冬l〇〇g、桂枝30g、山茱萸l〇〇g、百合i〇〇g、锻牡蜗25〇g、枸杞子 100g〇
3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种中药膏方,其特征在于,所述中药膏方由以下重量的原料 制备而成:太子参150g、黄芪150g、炒白术150g、防风120g、茯苳150g、山药150g、甘草50g、当 归120g、白芍120g、陈皮90g、五味子90g、山楂120g、神曲120g、炒麦芽150g、炒谷芽15〇g、生 地黄120g、熟地黄120g、麦冬120g、桂枝50g、山茱萸120g、百合120g、煅牡蛎350g、枸杞子 120g。
4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种中药膏方,其特征在于,所述中药膏方由以下重量的原料 制备而成:太子参135g、黄芪135g、炒白术135g、防风105g、茯苓135g、山药135g、甘草40g、 当归110g、白苟110g、陈皮75g、五味子75g、山楂110g、神曲110g、炒麦芽135g、炒谷芽135g、 生地黄ll〇g、熟地黄ll〇g、麦冬110g、桂枝40g、山茱萸110g、百合110g、煅牡蛎300g、枸杞子 ll〇g〇
5.根据权利要求1 -4任一所述的一种中药膏方的制备方法,其特征在于,制备方法为: 称取上述重量配比的中药原料,放入砂锅中,加水高出药面15-2〇cm,浸泡12小时后开始煎 煮,初为大火煎煮,煮沸后改为小火继续煎煮2小时,然后过滤取汁;将药渣加入冷水超过药 面15-20cm,再次煎煮取汁,反复2次;将3次所取药汁沉淀过滤,放入砂锅中,以小火煎煮浓 缩成稠膏状,然后加入辅料(阿胶、糖类)继续加热搅拌成膏状,乘热快速倒入清洗并消毒过 的玻璃瓶内,凉放即得。
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