CN108689741A - Culture medium of edible fungus - Google Patents

Culture medium of edible fungus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108689741A
CN108689741A CN201710085005.2A CN201710085005A CN108689741A CN 108689741 A CN108689741 A CN 108689741A CN 201710085005 A CN201710085005 A CN 201710085005A CN 108689741 A CN108689741 A CN 108689741A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
culture medium
edible fungus
mushroom
vitamin
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710085005.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴淑群
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xuzhou Yitai Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xuzhou Yitai Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xuzhou Yitai Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Xuzhou Yitai Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710085005.2A priority Critical patent/CN108689741A/en
Publication of CN108689741A publication Critical patent/CN108689741A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of culture medium of edible fungus, the raw material of the culture medium is in parts by weight including component once:20~40 parts of hardwood crumbs, 10~15 parts of bagasse, 5~15 parts of bean dregs, 10~30 parts of disodium hydrogen phosphate, 5~15 parts of False flax grouts, 5~15 parts of kelp residue, 10~30 parts of cotton seed hulls, 5~10 parts of ionized calcium solvent, 10~30 parts of bamboo shoot shell, 5~10 parts of gibberellin, 1~5 part of vitamin, 2~8 parts of ammonium sulfate, 2~10 parts of yam flour, 2~10 parts of Prunella vulgaris, 1~5 part of ironic citrate, 2~10 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meal, 1~5 part of Radix Glycyrrhizae, 1~6 part of fermentation poultry dung.Using edible fungus culture medium of the present invention, cultivation period, output increased can be shortened, the nutrient raw material in base is enriched, ensure that the ample supply of raw material needed for strain, is suitable for Pleurotus eryngii, needle mushroom, Pleurotus citrinopileatus, oyster mushroom, Pleurotus nebrodensis, mushroom, the edible mushroom culture of the multiple eatings bacterium such as agaric.

Description

Culture medium of edible fungus
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultivating edible technical fields, and in particular to a kind of culture medium of edible fungus.
Background technology
Edible mushroom refers to that fructification is very large, macro fungi that can be edible, is commonly referred to as mushroom.Edible mushroom known to China has It more than 350 kinds, wherein belong to Basidiomycotina more, common are:Mushroom, mushroom, agaric, white fungus, hedgehog hydnum, dictyophora phalloidea, is become less severe at straw mushroom Mushroom, dried mushroom, russule, ganoderma lucidum, cordyceps sinensis, truffle, lark and bolete etc.;Minority belongs to Ascomycotina, wherein having:Hickory chick, Saddle fungus, ferfas etc..In these bacterium, there is log cultivation, it is the cultivation of excrement grass and substituting stuff cultivation, these planting types The edible mushroom that matrix is produced is less to the active ingredient of body-care, and the healthcare function brought to human body is also unsatisfactory.And And since the most common compost of existing edible mushroom is cotton seed hulls, cotton seed hulls price rises steadily in recent years, makes edible bacterium The cost of plant person increases, the serious contusion plantation enthusiasm of grower;Cheap substitute is found, just can guarantee planting edible mushroom The sustainable development of industry.
It is very universal using various agricultural crop straws and cultivation on sawdust edible mushroom, but produced using these raw materials Organic edible mushroom is not but a nothing the matter, and according to the current Agriculture Production Modes in China, most of crops all use agriculture Medicine inevitably has pesticide residue in stalk;Though can solve the problems, such as that agriculture is residual using cultivation on sawdust edible mushroom, usually Will produce excessively felling, welding consequence.Therefore, it is necessary to prepare the edible mushroom with more preferable effect using suitable formula Culture medium.
Invention content
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of culture medium of edible fungus.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of culture medium of edible fungus, the raw material of the culture medium is in parts by weight including component once:Hardwood crumbs 20 ~40 parts, 10~15 parts of bagasse, 5~15 parts of bean dregs, 10~30 parts of disodium hydrogen phosphate, 5~15 parts of False flax grouts, kelp residue 5~15 parts, 10~30 parts of cotton seed hulls, 5~10 parts of ionized calcium solvent, 10~30 parts of bamboo shoot shell, 5~10 parts of gibberellin, vitamin 1~ 5 parts, it is 2~8 parts of ammonium sulfate, 2~10 parts of yam flour, 2~10 parts of Prunella vulgaris, 1~5 part of ironic citrate, 2~10 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meal, sweet Careless 1~5 part, 1~6 part of fermentation poultry dung.
Further technical solution is that the hardwood crumbs include:Ramulus mori rod bits, cornstalk bits.
Further technical solution is that the vitamin is one kind in vitamin B12, vitamin D, β-carrotene Or two or more mixtures.
Further technical solution is that the ionized calcium solvent includes:In calcium acetate, calcium citrate, calcium gluconate It is at least one.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Using edible fungus culture medium of the present invention, cultivation can be shortened 4~8 days periods, output increased 10~15%, entity morphology aspect no significant difference.The nutrient raw material in base is enriched, is protected The ample supply of raw material needed for strain is demonstrate,proved, strain yield is significantly increased.Suitable for Pleurotus eryngii, needle mushroom, Pleurotus citrinopileatus, oyster mushroom, Pleurotus nebrodensis, mushroom, the edible mushroom culture of the multiple eatings bacterium such as agaric.
Specific implementation mode
All features disclosed in this specification or disclosed all methods or in the process the step of, in addition to mutually exclusive Feature and/or step other than, can combine in any way.
This specification(Including any accessory claim, abstract)Disclosed in any feature, unless specifically stated, It is replaced by other equivalent or with similar purpose alternative features.That is, unless specifically stated, each feature is a series of An example in equivalent or similar characteristics.
The specific implementation mode of the present invention is described in detail with reference to embodiment.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the present embodiment discloses one kind and being suitable for Pleurotus eryngii, needle mushroom, Pleurotus citrinopileatus, put down Mushroom, Pleurotus nebrodensis, mushroom, the culture medium of edible fungus of the edible mushroom culture of the multiple eatings bacterium such as agaric, specifically, the original of the culture medium Material is in parts by weight including component once:20~40 parts of hardwood crumbs, 10~15 parts of bagasse, 5~15 parts of bean dregs, phosphoric acid 10~30 parts of disodium hydrogen, 5~15 parts of False flax grouts, 5~15 parts of kelp residue, 10~30 parts of cotton seed hulls, ionized calcium solvent 5~10 Part, 10~30 parts of bamboo shoot shell, 5~10 parts of gibberellin, 1~5 part of vitamin, 2~8 parts of ammonium sulfate, 2~10 parts of yam flour, Prunella vulgaris 2 ~10 parts, 1~5 part of ironic citrate, 2~10 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meal, 1~5 part of Radix Glycyrrhizae, 1~6 part of fermentation poultry dung.Preferably, hard miscellaneous Sawdust includes:Ramulus mori rod bits, cornstalk bits.Wherein, the vitamin is in vitamin B12, vitamin D, β-carrotene One or more kinds of mixtures.Ionized calcium solvent described in the present embodiment includes:Calcium acetate, calcium citrate, calcium gluconate At least one of.Each raw material is uniformly mixed, and adjusts its moisture content to 70%~65%, black culture medium of edible fungus is made.
Further, fermentation poultry dung is prepared in the following manner in the present embodiment:Prebiotic bacterium stoste, nutritional agents, water are pressed According to 1:1:8 are fabricated to dilution, and chicken manure, straw powder, rice bran, wheat bran, maize flour etc. are mixed evenly, and then sprinkling is mixed Dilution is closed, is stirred in sprinkling, for water content control 45% or so, composting carries out aerobic fermentation, and material temperature reaches 40-50 and takes the photograph It when family name spends, carries out roller and seethes, when then proceeding to aerobic fermentation to material temperature and reaching 40-50 degrees Celsius, be packed into closed container In, making anaerobic fermentation to chicken manure fermenting material has fragrant and odorless.
Using the present embodiment edible fungus culture medium, cultivation period can be shortened 4~8 days, output increased 10~15% is real No significant difference in terms of volume morphing.The nutrient raw material in base is enriched, ensure that the ample supply of raw material needed for strain, strain Yield is significantly increased.
" one embodiment " for being spoken of in the present specification, " another embodiment ", " embodiment " etc., refer to tying Specific features, structure or the feature for closing embodiment description are included at least one embodiment of the application generality description In.It is not centainly to refer to the same embodiment that statement of the same race, which occur, in multiple places in the description.Appoint furthermore, it is understood that combining When one embodiment describes a specific features, structure or feature, what is advocated is to realize this in conjunction with other embodiment Kind feature, structure or feature are also fallen within the scope of the present invention.
Although reference be made herein to invention has been described for the multiple explanatory embodiments invented, however, it is to be understood that this Field technology personnel can be designed that a lot of other modification and implementations, these modifications and implementations will be fallen in the application Within disclosed scope and spirit.More specifically, it is disclosed in the scope of the claims in the application, it can be to theme group The building block and/or layout for closing layout carry out a variety of variations and modifications.In addition to the modification carried out to building block and/or layout Outer with improving, to those skilled in the art, other purposes also will be apparent.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of culture medium of edible fungus, it is characterised in that:The raw material of the culture medium includes a following group in parts by weight Point:20~40 parts of hardwood crumbs, 10~15 parts of bagasse, 5~15 parts of bean dregs, 10~30 parts of disodium hydrogen phosphate, False flax grouts 5 ~15 parts, 5~15 parts of kelp residue, 10~30 parts of cotton seed hulls, 5~10 parts of ionized calcium solvent, 10~30 parts of bamboo shoot shell, gibberellin 5~ 10 parts, 1~5 part of vitamin, 2~8 parts of ammonium sulfate, 2~10 parts of yam flour, 2~10 parts of Prunella vulgaris, 1~5 part of ironic citrate, silkworm 2~10 parts of pupa powder, 1~5 part of Radix Glycyrrhizae, 1~6 part of fermentation poultry dung.
2. culture medium of edible fungus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the hardwood crumbs include:Ramulus mori rod bits, Cornstalk is considered to be worth doing.
3. culture medium of edible fungus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the vitamin is vitamin B12, dimension life One or more of plain D, β-carrotene mixture.
4. culture medium of edible fungus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the ionized calcium solvent includes:Calcium acetate, At least one of calcium citrate, calcium gluconate.
CN201710085005.2A 2017-02-17 2017-02-17 Culture medium of edible fungus Pending CN108689741A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710085005.2A CN108689741A (en) 2017-02-17 2017-02-17 Culture medium of edible fungus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710085005.2A CN108689741A (en) 2017-02-17 2017-02-17 Culture medium of edible fungus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108689741A true CN108689741A (en) 2018-10-23

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710085005.2A Pending CN108689741A (en) 2017-02-17 2017-02-17 Culture medium of edible fungus

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN108689741A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107353079A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-17 金陵科技学院 A kind of culture medium of edible fungus
CN109247196A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-01-22 遵义周星星菌业有限公司 A kind of edible mushroom selenium-rich culturing base

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107353079A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-17 金陵科技学院 A kind of culture medium of edible fungus
CN109247196A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-01-22 遵义周星星菌业有限公司 A kind of edible mushroom selenium-rich culturing base

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Application publication date: 20181023