CN108605719A - A kind of control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis - Google Patents

A kind of control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108605719A
CN108605719A CN201810424346.2A CN201810424346A CN108605719A CN 108605719 A CN108605719 A CN 108605719A CN 201810424346 A CN201810424346 A CN 201810424346A CN 108605719 A CN108605719 A CN 108605719A
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China
Prior art keywords
caraway
frankliniella occidentalis
control method
greenhouse
frankliniella
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CN201810424346.2A
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Inventor
陈永贵
颜亚奇
陈曦
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Sichuan Guoguang Agrochemical Co Ltd
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Sichuan Guoguang Agrochemical Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810424346.2A priority Critical patent/CN108605719A/en
Publication of CN108605719A publication Critical patent/CN108605719A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/15Leaf crops, e.g. lettuce or spinach 
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C3/00Fertilisers containing other salts of ammonia or ammonia itself, e.g. gas liquor

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of control methods of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, including step:1) preparation before planting;2) Applying silicon fertilizer, method of administration are to plant early stage in caraway, and trickle irrigation is applied with 2~10 kgs/acre of punchings of siliceous fertilizer concentration;3) applied nitrogen, the nitrogenous fertilizer are one or more in 1.0%~3.0% urea liquid, 0.5%~1.5% ammonium bicarbonate soln, 0.3%~1.0% sal volatile and 0.1%~1.0% ammonia spirit, and method of administration is root outer spraying;4) it is manually isolated.Method by implementing the present invention prevents Frankliniella occidentalis, can reduce the pesticide residue on caraway, improve the quality of caraway, reduces security threat of the pesticide to biology, while reducing generation of the Frankliniella occidentalis to chemical pesticide resistance.

Description

A kind of control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of plant cultivation, specially a kind of control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis.
Background technology
Caraway nutritive element content is abundant, and eating method is various, in good taste, full of nutrition, and it is palatable to eat faint scent raw, deep by people Like.Caraway taste Yu Xiang, is the condiment in soup, drink, is chiefly used in cooking cold vegetable dish in sauce condiment, or scald use of rendering palatable in material, noodles dish. Caraway can encounter various pest and disease damages, such as Frankliniella occidentalis in planting process, and Frankliniella occidentalis is current most tight to crop harm in the world One of the worldwide pest of weight.It is mainly caused damages to various crop by direct feeding and transmitted virus, is a kind of danger Invasive pest.Prevention Frankliniella occidentalis mainly uses chemical pesticide at present, but chemical pesticide can not fundamentally shadow completely at present The bisexual reproduction and single-female generation of Frankliniella occidentalis are rung, and leads to generation of the Frankliniella occidentalis to pesticide drug resistance, at present west flower Ji The problem of horse is to pesticide drug resistance is extremely serious, and spraying pesticide will also result in pesticide residue, is unfavorable for common people's health food With.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, joint agricultural measures, physical control and biology are anti- Control many kinds of measures, integrated control caraway Frankliniella occidentalis.Method by implementing the present invention prevents Frankliniella occidentalis, can reduce on caraway Pesticide residue, improve the quality of caraway, reduce pesticide to the security threat of biology, while reducing Frankliniella occidentalis pair The generation of chemical pesticide resistance.
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, which is characterized in that including with Lower step:
1) preparation before planting, specially field management remove crop and weeds, high temperature close plastic shed, black film mulching;
2) Applying silicon fertilizer, method of administration are to plant early stage in caraway, and trickle irrigation is applied with 2~10 kgs/acre of punchings of siliceous fertilizer concentration;
3) applied nitrogen, the nitrogenous fertilizer be 1.0%~3.0% urea liquid, 0.5%~1.5% ammonium bicarbonate soln, One or more in 0.3%~1.0% sal volatile and 0.1%~1.0% ammonia spirit, method of administration is to be sprayed outside root It applies;
4) it is manually isolated, specially the inlet and outlet and ventilation opening in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse are capped fly net.
Preferably, step 1) the high temperature close plastic shed temperature is 40 DEG C, is kept for 1~10 day.
Preferably, step 2) the siliceous fertilizer method of administration is to be planted early stage in caraway, and siliceous fertilizer dilutes 800~1000 times of sprays It applies.
Preferably, the step 3) nitrogenous fertilizer be 2% urea liquid, 1% ammonium bicarbonate soln, 0.5% sal volatile, It is one or more in 0.5% ammonia spirit.
The control method of above-mentioned caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, it is further comprising the steps of:
Blue insect-sticking plate traps and kills caraway Frankliniella occidentalis adult, and the blue insect-sticking plate is that common blue insect-sticking plate coating is lured Agent is made;The coating attractant is selected from nerol, geraniol, citronellol, methyl anthranilate, carvacrol, nicotine second Acid esters, nonalactone, p-tolyl aldehyde, ethyl nicotinate, anisaldehyde, adjacent anisaldehyde, benzaldehyde, plant essence, artificial neroli oil, At least one of 3-phenylpropion aldehyde.
Preferably, the attractant be selected from nerol, citronellol, nonalactone, ethyl nicotinate, anisaldehyde, artificial neroli oil, At least one of carvacrol, plant essence, 3-phenylpropion aldehyde.
Preferably, the application method of the blue insect-sticking plate is to be positioned over to push up at 5~10cm higher than caraway strain, every 5~10 Square metre suspension 1, every 2~3 weeks replace once.
Further, the control method of above-mentioned caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, it is further comprising the steps of:
Using caraway Frankliniella occidentalis natural enemy, the caraway Frankliniella occidentalis natural enemy includes parasitic nematode and predator, institute It includes Predatory Mites and Pentatomidae Insects to state predator, and the Predatory Mites include the predation for preventing Frankliniella occidentalis underground life stage Mite, and prevent the Predatory Mites of Frankliniella occidentalis ground life stage.
Preferably, the parasitic nematode be selected from Steinernema Carpocapsae, heterorhabditis indica, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora-NJ, blister beetle noctuid this At least one of family name nematode, it is 100~400/cm that the parasitic nematode, which applies gross density,2
Preferably, the Predatory Mites of prevention Frankliniella occidentalis underground life stage are shield mite under Hypoaspis aculeifer and/or soldier; The method of administration of the Predatory Mites is every 2~4m2A sustained release bag is placed, it is each to be sustained 950~1050 Predatory Mites built in bag, Release in every 7~15 days is primary.
Preferably, the Predatory Mites of prevention Frankliniella occidentalis ground life stage be the new small peaceful mite of cucumber, Amblyseius barkeri, It is one or more in impure Yi Sui mites and Si Shi amblyseius as predatory mite;The method of administration of the Predatory Mites is every 2~4m2Place a sustained release Bag, each to be sustained 950~1050 Predatory Mites built in bag, release in every 7~15 days is primary.
More preferably, the Pentatomidae Insects be shoulder hair minute pirate bugs, hairless minute pirate bugs, shallow white wing minute pirate bugs, crafty minute pirate bugs, It is one or more in small black colored stinkbug, thorn minute pirate bugs, America minute pirate bugs, Orius, tower cigarette fleahopper;Method of administration is every square Rice release 10~20, release in every 10~15 days are primary.
A kind of method for integrated control caraway Frankliniella occidentalis that the present invention uses, in caraway planting process, not application It learns to farm medicine, but Applying silicon fertilizer and nitrogenous fertilizer, in conjunction with other agricultural measures and physics and biological control method, reaches and applying pesticides Approximation, or even more preferably control effect.
The application of siliceous fertilizer first can make to form silicified cell in caraway body, cauline leaf superficial cell wall is made to thicken, and cuticula increases Add, to improve the effect of defence Frankliniella occidentalis insect pest.When being endangered by Frankliniella occidentalis, because siliceous fertilizer can improve caraway chlorophyll Content enhances photosynthesis, to enhance caraway by the repair ability at the aggrieved position of Frankliniella occidentalis.The application of siliceous fertilizer simultaneously, energy Absorption of the caraway to Different Nutritions such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium is adjusted well, strengthens absorption of the caraway to calcium, magnesium, and reduces phosphorus in soil In fixation, the phosphorus in activating soil promotes absorption of the caraway root system to phosphorus, the utilization rate of phosphate fertilizer improved, to improve caraway Quality and yield.
Secondly, the present invention in nitrogenous fertilizer and nitrogen fertilizer composition application specifically in terms of following influence Frankliniella occidentalis breeding.
There are Frankliniella occidentalis two kinds of mode of reproduction of bisexual reproduction and single-female generation, bisexual reproduction offspring's male and female to have, and Female adult is in the majority, and single-female generation belongs to arrhenotocia, and filial generation is male.Nitrogenous fertilizer strong impulse smell acts on western flower Thrips olfactory system interferes its sensitive smell, to the looking for food of Frankliniella occidentalis, host location, seek idol, spawning ground Selection have an adverse effect.Specifically:(a) strong impulse smell keeps Frankliniella occidentalis olfactory system disturbed, Even failure is weakened to the volatile matter perception of host caraway, causes to look for food, the positioning failure of host caraway is died of hunger;(b) strong Strong penetrating odor keeps Frankliniella occidentalis olfactory system disturbed, so that female, male Frankliniella occidentalis is sought dropouting and is lost, greatly reduces west The chance of flower thrips bisexual reproduction, the female Frankliniella occidentalis that bisexual reproduction generates greatly reduce, and Frankliniella occidentalis single-female generation Generation is male, eventually leads to Frankliniella occidentalis population female-male proportion numerous imbalances, and Frankliniella occidentalis population is made to be difficult to continue, and is played Reduce the effect of Frankliniella occidentalis population;(c) strong impulse smell keeps Frankliniella occidentalis olfactory system disturbed, makes it smoothly Reaching reduces suitable for the probability of spawning place, makes the reduction of egg hatch rate, also plays the role of reducing Frankliniella occidentalis population quantity.
The stifling and corrosion of nitrogenous fertilizer, plays kill Frankliniella occidentalis, reduces the effect of Frankliniella occidentalis population quantity, while nitrogen The application of fertilizer, also the supplement of nitrogen has been carried out while preventing Frankliniella occidentalis to caraway, and suitable nitrogenous fertilizer supplements energy Promote the formation of caraway chlorophyll, improve the content of caraway Determination of Chlorophyll, improve the intensity of photosynthesis of caraway, promotes caraway quilt The reparation at the aggrieved position of Frankliniella occidentalis.
The present invention further comprises physics and bio-control method in addition to above-mentioned agricultural measures.
In physical control measure, it is most importantly coated with the use of the blue insect-sticking plate of attractant.Blue insect-sticking plate Blue to Frankliniella occidentalis carry out vision attract stimulation, viscosity play the role of adhere to Frankliniella occidentalis;The attractant of volatilization and west The odor-binding protein of flower thrips combines, and Frankliniella occidentalis directed movement is lured, to enhance blue insect-sticking plate to Frankliniella occidentalis Control effect.
In bio-control method, in the prepupa and pupa of Frankliniella occidentalis of the parasitic nematode parasitic life in soil, west is reduced Flower thrips adult eclosion rate.The application of Predatory Mites and Pentatomidae Insects rests in pest early period of origination, once starting occurs in pest Release, and Predatory Mites discharge control effect more preferably simultaneously with Pentatomidae Insects.
The advantageous effect following points that technical solution of the present invention is brought:
(1), by enhancement of field management, high temperature close plastic shed, the agricultural measures such as cover black mulching film planting, be manually isolated, control is fragrant Worm sources Spreading and diffusion is isolated in the Frankliniella occidentalis field initial population quantity that colza is planted;Control method safety, non agricultural chemical residuum, at Sheet is low, Frankliniella occidentalis will not be made to generate resistance, free from environmental pollution, is conducive to the integrated application of agricultural pests.
(2), it is sprayed by volatility nitrogenous fertilizer, using the stifling and corrosiveness and penetrating odor of nitrogenous fertilizer to west flower The interference of thrips olfactory system has also carried out the supplement of nitrogenous fertilizer to caraway while prevention Frankliniella occidentalis, and has enhanced By the repair ability of the caraway of Frankliniella occidentalis harm.By the application of siliceous fertilizer, when being endangered by Frankliniella occidentalis, caraway leaf is improved Chlorophyll contents enhance photosynthesis, and enhancing caraway is by the repair ability at the aggrieved position of Frankliniella occidentalis.Simultaneously adjust caraway to nitrogen, The absorption of the Different Nutritions such as phosphorus, potassium promotes absorption of the caraway root system to phosphorus, the utilization rate of phosphate fertilizer is improved, to improve caraway Quality and yield.
(3), blue insect-sticking plate trapping makes it to Frankliniella occidentalis adult by being coated with attractant on common blue insect-sticking plate Trapping effect greatly improve.The control method will not make Frankliniella occidentalis generate resistance will not give the mankind without residue problem is used Health and environment bring harm, and resistant insect identification or attracting ability will not reduce, therefore be conducive to controlling for resistant insect Reason, while the natural enemy also in can effectively protect nature, are conducive to the integrated application of agricultural pests.
(4), in caraway Frankliniella occidentalis insect pest early period of origination, prevention Frankliniella occidentalis underground worm state and prevention ground worm state are taken Natural enemy be administered in combination mode prevented, improve caraway plantation Frankliniella occidentalis control effect.
(5), being used in combination by measures such as agricultural measures, physical control, natural enemy preventions, reduces Frankliniella occidentalis insect pest Incidence ensure that the control effect of Frankliniella occidentalis in caraway planting process, and non agricultural chemical residuum is free from environmental pollution, to people, animal, Natural enemy and beneficial organism safety, do not destroy the ecological balance, improve the quality and yield of caraway, ensure that food security.
(6), because the present invention does not apply chemical pesticide completely, therefore it is very quick to Multiple Pesticides to solve predatism stinkbug well Sense, and caused by predatism stinkbug by chemical pesticide influenced and caused by preventive effect reduce the problem of.
Specific implementation mode
It is right With reference to embodiment in order to make those skilled in the art more fully understand the technical solution of invention The present invention is described in further detail.
Caraway, original name:Coriander, alias:Coriander, coriandrum, Umbelliferae, coriander category, annual or biennial, cold resistance pole By force, 12 DEG C~26 DEG C optimums have the draft of overpowering odor suitable for the season plantation that cools, 20~100 centimetres high, root spindle, It is elongated, there are most very thin supporting roots.Stem is cylindrical, and uprightly, multi-branched has striped, usually smooth.Root leave has handle, style children Shi Zhili, outside contrary flexure when fruit is ripe.Spherical fruit, the main rib in the back side and adjacent secondary rib are apparent, and the food value of leaf is thin tender, growth period It is short.European-Mediterranean Area is originated in, there are cultivation in existing China majority provinces and regions, and cauline leaf makees vegetables and aromatizing agent, and has stomach invigorating to disappear Food acts on;Fruit can carry aromatic oil;Fruit is used as medicine, and has the benefits of wind dispelling, promoting eruption, stomach invigorating, eliminating the phlegm.
Caraway nutritive element content is abundant, and eating method is various, in good taste, full of nutrition, and it is palatable to eat faint scent raw, deep by people Like.Caraway taste Yu Xiang, is the condiment in soup, drink, is chiefly used in cooking cold vegetable dish in sauce condiment, or scald use of rendering palatable in material, noodles dish. Caraway can encounter various pest and disease damages, such as Frankliniella occidentalis in planting process, and Frankliniella occidentalis causes heavy losses to caraway production, It is at present to spray traditional pesticidal preparations to caraway, but pesticide residue can be caused for the control method of such insect pest, generates anti- Property the problems such as, be unfavorable for the edible of health of people.
Frankliniella occidentalis also known as alfalfa thrips belong to Thysanoptera, and Thripidae, flower thrips category is current in the world to crop harm One of worldwide pest of most serious.It is mainly caused damages to various crop by direct feeding and transmitted virus, is a kind of danger Dangerous invasive pest.Frankliniella occidentalis adult is gathered in lobus cardiacus, young fruit and takes harm.The appearance of initial stage lobus cardiacus edge is small to incise, There is white dot in blade;There is rust brown or rust speculum in leaf rolling, deformity when serious, aggrieved blade and fruit, make Bad at fallen flowers, the underproduction and seed development, serious plant is withered.Frankliniella occidentalis is caused harm except direct danger in addition to host plant, moreover it is possible to A variety of virosis are propagated, most important of which is that two kinds of viruses of Tospovirus:Tomato spotted wilf virus (TSWV) and phoenix Celestial being flower necrotic plaque is viral (INSV), both viruses a variety of important crops of severe infections cause huge harm.
Frankliniella occidentalis development duration is short, and individual is small, and adult only has 2~3mm lives hidden, and breeding is fast, and variation is big, has Two kinds of mode of reproduction of bisexual reproduction and single-female generation, bisexual reproduction offspring's male and female have, and female adult is in the majority, and single-female generation belongs to Arrhenotocia, filial generation are male.Frankliniella occidentalis is fast to pesticide generation resistance, and as far as is known, Frankliniella occidentalis is to almost The chemical pesticide for being useful for preventing it all produces resistance, causes chemical prevention hard to work.Also it is exactly the generation of resistance, portion Divide and results in the diffusion sprawling of Frankliniella occidentalis in the world.
The history of life of Frankliniella occidentalis includes ovum, an age nymph, two age nymphs, prepupa, pupa and adult.Nymph and adult are main It lives on plant, blade, flower and the fruit of feeding plant, and prepupa, pupa are then lived in the soil.Due to old in its history of life Ripe larvae pupation and emergence are all the difficulties for carrying out also increasing Frankliniella occidentalis chemical prevention in the soil.
And in the prior art, at present chemical pesticide can not fundamentally influence completely Frankliniella occidentalis bisexual reproduction and orphan it is female The problem of reproduction also results in generation of the Frankliniella occidentalis to pesticide drug resistance, and Frankliniella occidentalis is to pesticide drug resistance at present is very Seriously, and spraying pesticide will also result in pesticide residue, be unfavorable for common people's healthy edible.
The prior art one
Patent:《The control method of the red palm thrips in greenhouse》Application number:201610830937.0
The technical solution of the prior art one:A kind of control method of the red palm thrips in greenhouse is provided, the green scholar of the Chinese mugwort 3000 is sprayed The mixture of times 3500 times of liquid of liquid and avermectin.With method of the present invention, thrips can be prevented taking to spray Extension, and the growth of the injury plant of energy very little itself, moreover it is possible to the cost that flowers go out is reduced, to embody the excellent of it Gesture.It can also be traped simultaneously with blue insect-sticking plate or black light lamp.
Note:(1) red palm thrips is mainly alfalfa thrips (also known as Frankliniella occidentalis) and onion thrips.
(2) the green scholar of the Chinese mugwort, active ingredient are ethyl pleocidin.
The shortcomings that prior art one
(1) parent of ethyl pleocidin is very fast in degradation, and leaching risk is relatively low, but one of which principal degradation produces Object n- demethyls ethyl pleocidin-J is slow in degradation, therefore there are longer residual lives after use.
(2) ethyl pleocidin is for low toxicity, water flea medium poison;To honeybee high poison, high risk;To silkworm severe toxicity, pole High risk.It is disabled in nectar source flowering phase of crop in use, should be noted, the influence to neighbouring bee colony should be paid close attention to during dispenser;Far From the water bodys dispenser such as river embankment, forbid cleaning spraying apparatus in river embankment;Silkworm room and mulberry field nearby disable.Therefore to part biological uneasiness Entirely, using in the presence of limitation.
(3) prevention Frankliniella occidentalis has the risk to develop immunity to drugs, and medicament rotation that need to be different from other mechanisms of action uses, To delay the generation of drug resistance.
(4) using common blue insect-sticking plate, the effect for preventing Frankliniella occidentalis is limited.
The prior art two
Patent《A kind of thrips attractant and its application》Application number:201710680426.X
The technical solution of the prior art two
The invention discloses a kind of thrips attractant and its application, thrips attractant is by acidum nicotinicum ethyl ester, fennel Aldehyde, p-tolyl aldehyde, 4-methoxybenzaldehyde are according to mass ratio 1~20:1~20:1~20:1~10 mixing composition;And it will Above-mentioned substance is dissolved in sustained release in n-hexane and lure is made in carrier, and thrips attractant lure carrier is hung on blue or yellow On insect-sticking plate.Controlling experiment shows in the case of using the present invention, has similar control effect be administered alone pesticide, Control effect than insect-sticking plate is used alone can be improved 3~4.5 times.
The shortcomings that prior art two
Be only capable of trapping thrips adult, but in soil prepupa, pupa without function and effect, be unable to integrated control thrips.
Between the above problem, the specific technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
1, agricultural measures
(1) it after crop harvest, enhances field management, removes all crops in field, weeds, and will be around greenhouse or greenhouse Plant is rooted out together, compress to greatest extent Frankliniella occidentalis it is overwintering, more summer place, remaining Frankliniella occidentalis nymph also can be due to a lack of Food and die of hunger.
(2) the summer fallow phase carries out high temperature close plastic shed, canopy room temperature is risen to 40 DEG C or so, is kept for 1~10 day.
(3) covering black mulch film plants caraway, and Frankliniella occidentalis can be prevented to bury and pupated, while improving ground temperature.
(4) early stage Applying silicon fertilizer is planted in caraway, trickle irrigation, or 800~1000 times of sprays of dilution is applied by 2~10 kgs/acre of punchings The mode applied is administered.
(5) in caraway planting process, when Frankliniella occidentalis occurrence injury, 1.0%~3.0% urea liquid can be used, 0.5%~1.5% ammonium bicarbonate soln, 0.3%~1.0% sal volatile and 0.1%~1.0% ammonia spirit In it is one or more, preferably 2% urea liquid, 1% ammonium bicarbonate soln, 0.5% sal volatile, 0.5% ammonium hydroxide are molten It is one or more in liquid.
Above-mentioned nitrogenous fertilizer or nitrogenous fertilizer combination carry out root outer spraying.Above-mentioned nitrogenous fertilizer has stronger volatility, has to Frankliniella occidentalis There is stifling and corrosiveness, and can also influence the olfactory system of Frankliniella occidentalis, plays the role of desinsection from many aspects.
(4) it is manually isolated:Inlet and outlet and ventilation opening in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse are capped fly net, prevent extraneous west Flower thrips enters greenhouse or greenhouse, effectively controls field initial population quantity and isolation worm sources Spreading and diffusion, prevents to neighbouring big Canopy or greenhouse generate harm.
2, physical control
Blue insect-sticking plate traps and kills adult:Every blue mythimna separata of 5~10 square metres of suspensions 1 in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse Plate traps and kills caraway Frankliniella occidentalis adult, reduces adult harm and oviposition, while monitoring caraway Frankliniella occidentalis population and dynamic occurs. Insect-sticking plate setting direction is vertical with the direction of caraway row, is positioned over higher than at caraway strain 5~10cm of top, feelings are used according to insect-sticking plate Condition replaces insect-sticking plate in due course, replaces within general 2~3 weeks primary, the adult concentration destruction on insect-sticking plate.
Blue insect-sticking plate used is made of the basis coating attractant in common blue insect-sticking plate.Be coated with attractant choosing From following at least one:Nerol, geraniol, methyl anthranilate, carvacrol, nicotine acetic acid esters, nonalactone, to methyl Benzaldehyde, ethyl nicotinate, anisaldehyde, adjacent anisaldehyde, benzaldehyde, plant essence, artificial neroli oil, 3-phenylpropion aldehyde.
Preferably nerol, citronellol, nonalactone, ethyl nicotinate, anisaldehyde, artificial neroli oil, carvacrol, plant are fragrant At least one of essence, 3-phenylpropion aldehyde.
The blue of blue insect-sticking plate carries out vision to Frankliniella occidentalis and stimulation, viscosity is attracted to play the work of adherency Frankliniella occidentalis With;The attractant of volatilization is combined with the odor-binding protein of Frankliniella occidentalis, lures Frankliniella occidentalis directed movement, to enhance blue Control effect of the insect-sticking plate to Frankliniella occidentalis.
3, natural enemy is prevented
In caraway Frankliniella occidentalis insect pest early period of origination, once find that pest starts release natural enemy and prevented.Natural enemy is anti- It controls and is carried out in such a way that the natural enemy of prevention caraway Frankliniella occidentalis underground worm state and prevention ground worm state is administered in combination.
Prevent underground worm state:
(1) parasitic nematode:In caraway Frankliniella occidentalis early period of origination, using Steinernema Carpocapsae, heterorhabditis indica, the different small bar of thermophilic bacterium At least one of nematode, blister beetle Steinernema feltiae parasitic nematode, make nematode apply gross density control 100~400/ cm2.In the prepupa and pupa of Frankliniella occidentalis of the parasitic nematode parasitic life in soil, Frankliniella occidentalis adult eclosion rate is reduced.
(2) predator:
Predatory Mites:The Predatory Mites that the present invention is used to control Frankliniella occidentalis underground life stage in caraway planting process have point narrow Shield mite under lower shield mite and/or soldier.Burst size is every 2~4m2A sustained release bag is placed, 950~1050, a bag of sustained release is right Frankliniella occidentalis nymph is prevented in caraway planting process, and release in every 7~15 days is primary.
Prevent ground worm state:
A, Predatory Mites:Predatory Mites for controlling Frankliniella occidentalis ground life stage have:The new small peaceful mite of cucumber (also known as cucumber Amblyseius as predatory mite, amblyseius cucumeris oudeman), Amblyseius barkeri, impure Yi Sui mites and Si Shi amblyseius as predatory mite.Burst size is every 2~4m2Place one A sustained release bag, one sustained release bag built in 950~1050, Frankliniella occidentalis nymph in caraway planting process is prevented, every 7~ Release in 15 days is primary.
B, Pentatomiddae:It is small including shoulder hair minute pirate bugs, hairless minute pirate bugs, shallow white wing minute pirate bugs, crafty minute pirate bugs, small black colored stinkbug, thorn Flower stinkbug, America minute pirate bugs, Orius, tower cigarette fleahopper, prevent Frankliniella occidentalis nymph in caraway planting process and adult It controls.Burst size is that every square metre discharges 10~20, and release in every 10~15 days is primary.
The present invention combines agricultural measures, physical control and biological control many kinds of measures, integrated control caraway Frankliniella occidentalis.It is logical The method prevention Frankliniella occidentalis for implementing the present invention is crossed, the pesticide residue on caraway can be reduced, improve the quality and yield of caraway, Reduce security threat of the pesticide to biology, while reducing generation of the Frankliniella occidentalis to chemical pesticide resistance.
Above-mentioned elaborating for the present invention is the embodiment of the present invention below.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Using the method for integrated control of the present invention as test group 1, with 60g/L ethyl pleocidin suspending agent (Dow Yi Nong companies) as test group 2, clear water as a control group, carries out Frankliniella occidentalis in caraway planting process in greenhouse for spraying Prevention, often processing are repeated 3 times (i.e. 3 cells), in treated the 1st day, the 3rd day and the 7th day, investigate each processing insect population number Amount, per 5 points of samplings of cell, every takes 10 plants of caraways investigation Frankliniella occidentalis population numbers at random.Count Revision insect recluced rate and correction Preventive effect.Revision insect recluced rate and Rectifying efficacies are calculated as follows:
The processing of test group 1:
A kind of greenhouse or the Frankliniella occidentalis control method of chamber planting caraway, integrated control include the following steps:
1) agricultural measures
(1) it after crop harvest, enhances field management, removes all crops in field, weeds, and will be around greenhouse or greenhouse Plant is rooted out together, destroys Frankliniella occidentalis hibernacle;
(2) the summer fallow phase carries out high temperature close plastic shed, canopy room temperature is risen to 40 DEG C or so, is kept for 1 day;
(3) after caraway transplanting survival, with 800~1000 times of siliceous fertilizer of dilution spray 1 time;
(4) when caraway generation Frankliniella occidentalis endangers, using 1% ammonium bicarbonate soln, root outer spraying is carried out to caraway;
(5) it is manually isolated, the inlet and outlet and ventilation opening in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse are capped fly net.
2) physical control
The indigo plant of every 5 square metres of suspensions 1 addition nerol, anisaldehyde as attractant in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse Color insect-sticking plate traps and kills Frankliniella occidentalis adult, reduces adult harm and oviposition, while monitoring Frankliniella occidentalis population and dynamic occurs.It is viscous Worm plate setting direction is vertical with the direction of caraway row, is positioned over higher than at caraway strain top 5cm, replaces 1 time every 2 weeks, on insect-sticking plate Adult concentrate destroy.
3) natural enemy is prevented
In caraway Frankliniella occidentalis early period of origination, by 100/cm2Using Heterorhabditis bacteriophora-NJ, the ground of Frankliniella occidentalis is prevented The prepupa of lower worm state and pupa;10 tower cigarette fleahoppers of every square metre of release, release in every 10 days is primary, to the ground worm state of Frankliniella occidentalis Nymph, adult are prevented.
The processing of test group 2:Using 60g/L ethyl pleocidins suspending agent (The Dow Agrosciences, LLC.), made with 20ml/ mus Agent dosage carries out spraying treatment to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, handles 1 time when caraway generation Frankliniella occidentalis is endangered.
Control group processing:Medicament is replaced with clear water, processing mode identical with test group 2 is pressed, caraway is handled.
Test data is shown in Table 1-1.
Control effect of the table 1-1 different disposals to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis
By test data as can be seen that integrated control processing and ethyl pleocidin prevent the Frankliniella occidentalis of caraway Preferable effect can be played.Integrated control processing works slightly slow, but lasting effect is slightly strong, and compared with ethyl pleocidin without change It learns pesticide residue, Frankliniella occidentalis will not be caused to generate resistance.
Embodiment 2
Using the method for integrated control of the present invention as test group 3, with 5% emamectin benzoate microemulsion (Huifeng Agricultural Chemistry Co., Ltd., Jiangsu) spraying is used as test group 4, clear water as a control group, caraway plantation to be carried out in greenhouse The prevention of Frankliniella occidentalis in the process, often processing is repeated 3 times (i.e. 3 cells), in treated the 1st day, the 3rd day and the 7th day, tune Each processing population number is looked into, per 5 points of samplings of cell, take 10 plants of caraways investigation Frankliniella occidentalis population numbers at random at every.Count worm Mouth decline rate and Rectifying efficacies.Revision insect recluced rate and Rectifying efficacies calculation formula are the same as embodiment 1.
The processing of test group 3:
A kind of greenhouse or the Frankliniella occidentalis control method of chamber planting caraway, integrated control include the following steps:
1) agricultural measures
(1) it after crop harvest, enhances field management, removes all crops in field, weeds, and will be around greenhouse or greenhouse Plant is rooted out together, destroys Frankliniella occidentalis hibernacle;
(2) the summer fallow phase carries out high temperature close plastic shed, canopy room temperature is risen to 40 DEG C or so, is kept for 5 days;
(3) caraway after planting, trickle irrigation siliceous fertilizer is applied with 4kg/ mus of dosage punching;
(4) when generation Frankliniella occidentalis endangers, using 2% urea liquid, root outer spraying is carried out to caraway;
(5) it is manually isolated, the inlet and outlet and ventilation opening in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse are capped fly net.
2) physical control
The indigo plant of every 8 square metres of suspensions 1 addition nonalactone, citronellol as attractant in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse Color insect-sticking plate traps and kills Frankliniella occidentalis adult, reduces adult harm and oviposition, while monitoring Frankliniella occidentalis population and dynamic occurs.It is viscous Worm plate setting direction is vertical with the direction of caraway row, is positioned over higher than at caraway strain top 10cm, replaces 1 time every 3 weeks, on insect-sticking plate Adult concentrate destroy.
3) natural enemy is prevented
In caraway Frankliniella occidentalis early period of origination, by 300/cm2Using blister beetle Steinernema feltiae, Frankliniella occidentalis is prevented The prepupa of underground worm state and pupa;By 15 hairless minute pirate bugs of every square metre of release, release in every 15 days is primary, to the ground of Frankliniella occidentalis Upper worm state, nymph and adult are prevented.
The processing of test group 4:Using 5% emamectin benzoate microemulsion, (Jiangsu Hui Feng agrochemical shares are limited Company), spraying treatment is carried out to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis when caraway generation Frankliniella occidentalis endangers with 4ml/ mus of preparation dosages, Processing 1 time.
Control group processing:Medicament is replaced with clear water, processing mode identical with test group 4 is pressed, caraway is handled.
Test data is shown in Table 2-1.
Control effect of the table 2-1 different disposals to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis
By test data as can be seen that integrated control processing and emamectin-benzoate spend the west of caraway Thrips prevention can play preferable effect.Integrated control processing works slightly slow compared with emamectin-benzoate, Drug effect is suitable, and is remained without chemical pesticide, Frankliniella occidentalis will not be caused to generate resistance.
Embodiment 3
Using the method for integrated control of the present invention as test group 5, with 5% acetamiprid EC (extra large Lear medicine company group share Co., Ltd) as test group 6, clear water as a control group, carries out Frankliniella occidentalis in caraway planting process in greenhouse for spraying Prevention, often processing are repeated 3 times (i.e. 3 cells), in treated the 1st day, the 3rd day and the 7th day, investigate each processing insect population number Amount, per 5 points of samplings of cell, every takes 10 plants of caraways investigation Frankliniella occidentalis population numbers at random.Count Revision insect recluced rate and correction Preventive effect.Revision insect recluced rate and Rectifying efficacies calculation formula are the same as embodiment 1.
The processing of test group 5:
A kind of greenhouse or the Frankliniella occidentalis control method of chamber planting caraway, integrated control include the following steps:
1) agricultural measures
(1) it after crop harvest, enhances field management, removes all crops in field, weeds, and will be around greenhouse or greenhouse Plant is rooted out together, destroys Frankliniella occidentalis hibernacle;
(2) the summer fallow phase carries out high temperature close plastic shed, canopy room temperature is risen to 40 DEG C or so, is kept for 10 days;
(3) black mulch film is covered when planting caraway, is prevented Frankliniella occidentalis from burying and is pupated;
(4) after caraway transplanting survival, with 800~1000 times of siliceous fertilizer of dilution spray 1 time;
(5) when generation Frankliniella occidentalis endangers, using 0.1% ammonium hydroxide and 0.3% ammonium carbonate mixed solution, caraway is carried out Root outer spraying;
(6) it is manually isolated, the inlet and outlet and ventilation opening in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse are capped fly net.
2) physical control
Every 10 square metres of suspensions 1 addition artificial neroli oil, carvacrol are used as and lure in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse The blue insect-sticking plate of agent traps and kills Frankliniella occidentalis adult, reduces adult harm and oviposition, while it is dynamic to monitor the generation of Frankliniella occidentalis population State.Insect-sticking plate setting direction is vertical with the direction of caraway row, is positioned over higher than at caraway strain top 8cm, replaces 1 time every 2 weeks, mythimna separata Adult on plate, which is concentrated, to be destroyed.
3) natural enemy is prevented
In caraway Frankliniella occidentalis early period of origination, by 400/cm2Using heterorhabditis indica, the underground worm of Frankliniella occidentalis is prevented The prepupa of state and pupa;By 20 Orius of every square metre of release, release in every 13 days is primary, to the ground worm of Frankliniella occidentalis State, nymph and adult are prevented.
The processing of test group 6:Using 5% acetamiprid EC (Hailir Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd.), made with 40ml/ mus Agent dosage carries out spraying treatment to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, handles 1 time when caraway generation Frankliniella occidentalis is endangered.
Control group processing:Medicament is replaced with clear water, processing mode identical with test group 6 is pressed, caraway is handled.
Test data is shown in Table 3-1.
Control effect of the table 3-1 different disposals to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis
By test data as can be seen that integrated control processing and Acetamiprid can play the Frankliniella occidentalis prevention of caraway Preferable effect.Integrated control processing works slightly slow, but lasting effect is better than Acetamiprid, and compared with Acetamiprid without chemical pesticide Residual will not cause Frankliniella occidentalis to generate resistance.
Embodiment 4
Using the method for integrated control of the present invention as test group 7, with 45% malathion missible oil (Ningbo San Jiang benefit agrochemical Co., Ltd) as test group 8, clear water as a control group, carries out Frankliniella occidentalis in caraway planting process in greenhouse for spraying Prevention, often processing are repeated 3 times (i.e. 3 cells), in treated the 1st day, the 3rd day and the 7th day, investigate each processing insect population number Amount, per 5 points of samplings of cell, every takes 10 plants of caraways investigation Frankliniella occidentalis population numbers at random.Count Revision insect recluced rate and correction Preventive effect.Revision insect recluced rate and Rectifying efficacies calculation formula are the same as embodiment 1.
The processing of test group 7:
A kind of greenhouse or the Frankliniella occidentalis control method of chamber planting caraway, integrated control include the following steps:
1) agricultural measures
(1) it after crop harvest, enhances field management, removes all crops in field, weeds, and will be around greenhouse or greenhouse Plant is rooted out together, destroys Frankliniella occidentalis hibernacle;
(2) the summer fallow phase carries out high temperature close plastic shed, canopy room temperature is risen to 40 DEG C or so, is kept for 5 days;
(3) caraway after planting, trickle irrigation siliceous fertilizer is applied with 6kg/ mus of dosage punching;
(4) when generation Frankliniella occidentalis endangers, using 0.5% ammonium bicarbonate soln, root outer spraying is carried out to caraway;
(5) it is manually isolated, the inlet and outlet and ventilation opening in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse are capped fly net.
2) physical control
1 addition 3-phenylpropion aldehyde, plant essence, ethyl nicotinate of every 8 square metres of suspensions in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse As the blue insect-sticking plate of attractant, Frankliniella occidentalis adult is trapped and killed, reduces adult harm and oviposition, while monitoring Frankliniella occidentalis kind Mass-send lively state.Insect-sticking plate setting direction is vertical with the direction of caraway row, is positioned over and is pushed up at 10cm higher than caraway strain, every 3 weeks more It changes 1 time, the adult on insect-sticking plate, which is concentrated, to be destroyed.
3) natural enemy is prevented
In caraway Frankliniella occidentalis early period of origination, by 200/cm2Using Steinernema Carpocapsae, the underground worm state of Frankliniella occidentalis is prevented Prepupa and pupa;The new small peaceful mite of a cucumber, which is placed, by every 3 square metres is sustained bag, it is each to be sustained built in bag 1000, every 10 days Release is primary, and to the ground worm state of Frankliniella occidentalis, nymph is prevented.
The processing of test group 8:Using 45% malathion missible oil (Ningbo San Jiang Yi Nong Chemical Co., Ltd.s), with 100ml/ mus Preparation dosage carries out spraying treatment to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, handles 1 time when caraway generation Frankliniella occidentalis is endangered.
Control group processing:Medicament is replaced with clear water, processing mode identical with test group 8 is pressed, caraway is handled.
Test data is shown in Table 4-1.
Control effect of the table 4-1 different disposals to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis
By test data as can be seen that integrated control processing and malathion missible oil prevent the Frankliniella occidentalis of caraway Preferable effect can be played.Integrated control processing works slightly slow compared with malathion missible oil, but lasting effect is than malathion breast Oil is good, and is remained without chemical pesticide, Frankliniella occidentalis will not be caused to generate resistance.
Embodiment 5
Using the method for integrated control of the present invention as test group 9, with 45% malathion missible oil (Ningbo San Jiang benefit agrochemical Co., Ltd) as test group 10, clear water as a control group, carries out Frankliniella occidentalis in caraway planting process in greenhouse for spraying Prevention, often processing are repeated 3 times (i.e. 3 cells), in treated the 1st day, the 3rd day and the 7th day, investigate each processing insect population number Amount, per 5 points of samplings of cell, every takes 10 plants of caraways investigation Frankliniella occidentalis population numbers at random.Count Revision insect recluced rate and correction Preventive effect.Revision insect recluced rate and Rectifying efficacies calculation formula are the same as embodiment 1.
The processing of test group 9:
A kind of greenhouse or the Frankliniella occidentalis control method of chamber planting caraway, integrated control include the following steps:
1) agricultural measures
(1) it after crop harvest, enhances field management, removes all crops in field, weeds, and will be around greenhouse or greenhouse Plant is rooted out together, destroys Frankliniella occidentalis hibernacle;
(2) the summer fallow phase carries out high temperature close plastic shed, canopy room temperature is risen to 40 DEG C or so, is kept for 4 days;
(3) caraway after planting, trickle irrigation siliceous fertilizer is applied with 2kg/ mus of dosage punching;
(4) when generation Frankliniella occidentalis endangers, 0.5% ammonium bicarbonate soln, 1.0% urea liquid and 1.0% carbon are used Acid ammonium solution mixes, and root outer spraying is carried out to caraway;
(5) it is manually isolated, the inlet and outlet and ventilation opening in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse are capped fly net.
2) physical control
Every 6 square metres of suspensions 1 add adjacent anisaldehyde, benzaldehyde, to methylbenzene first in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse Aldehyde, the blue insect-sticking plate as attractant trap and kill Frankliniella occidentalis adult, reduce adult harm and oviposition, while monitoring west flower Ji Dynamic occurs for horse population.Insect-sticking plate setting direction is vertical with the direction of caraway row, is positioned over and is pushed up at 6cm higher than caraway strain, every 3 weeks It replaces 1 time, the adult on insect-sticking plate, which is concentrated, to be destroyed.
3) natural enemy is prevented
In caraway Frankliniella occidentalis early period of origination, by 300/cm2Using heterorhabditis indica, the underground worm of Frankliniella occidentalis is prevented The prepupa of state and pupa;By 20 America minute pirate bugs of every square metre of release, release in every 14 days is primary;Every 4 square metres are pressed again places one A Amblyseius barkeri is sustained bag, and each to be sustained built in bag 1050, release in every 15 days is primary, to the ground worm state of Frankliniella occidentalis, Nymph is prevented.
The processing of test group 10:Using 45% malathion missible oil (Ningbo San Jiang Yi Nong Chemical Co., Ltd.s), with 100ml/ Mu preparation dosage carries out spraying treatment to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, handles 1 time when caraway generation Frankliniella occidentalis is endangered.
Control group processing:Medicament is replaced with clear water, processing mode identical with test group 10 is pressed, caraway is handled.
Test data is shown in Table 5-1.
Control effect of the table 5-1 different disposals to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis
By test data as can be seen that integrated control processing and malathion missible oil prevent the Frankliniella occidentalis of caraway Preferable effect can be played.Integrated control processing works slightly slow compared with malathion missible oil, but lasting effect is than malathion breast Oil is good, and is remained without chemical pesticide, Frankliniella occidentalis will not be caused to generate resistance.
Embodiment 6
Using the method for integrated control of the present invention as test group 11, with 5% acetamiprid EC (extra large Lear medicine company group share Co., Ltd) as test group 12, clear water as a control group, carries out Frankliniella occidentalis in caraway planting process in greenhouse for spraying Prevention, often processing are repeated 3 times (i.e. 3 cells), in treated the 1st day, the 3rd day and the 7th day, investigate each processing insect population number Amount, per 5 points of samplings of cell, every takes 10 plants of caraways investigation Frankliniella occidentalis population numbers at random.Count Revision insect recluced rate and correction Preventive effect.Revision insect recluced rate and Rectifying efficacies calculation formula are the same as embodiment 1.
The processing of test group 11:
A kind of greenhouse or the Frankliniella occidentalis control method of chamber planting caraway, integrated control include the following steps:
1) agricultural measures
(1) it after crop harvest, enhances field management, removes all crops in field, weeds, and will be around greenhouse or greenhouse Plant is rooted out together, destroys Frankliniella occidentalis hibernacle;
(2) the summer fallow phase carries out high temperature close plastic shed, canopy room temperature is risen to 40 DEG C or so, is kept for 8 days;
(3) black mulch film is covered when planting caraway, is prevented Frankliniella occidentalis from burying and is pupated;
(4) after caraway transplanting survival, trickle irrigation siliceous fertilizer is applied with 10kg/ mus of dosage punching;
(5) Frankliniella occidentalis occurs when endangering, using 1.5% ammonium hydrogen carbonate, the mixed solution of 3% urea and 1% ammonium hydroxide, Root outer spraying is carried out to caraway;
(6) it is manually isolated, the inlet and outlet and ventilation opening in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse are capped fly net.
2) physical control
1 addition geraniol, methyl anthranilate, cigarette of every 5 square metres of suspensions in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse Blue insect-sticking plate of the alkali acetic acid esters as attractant traps and kills Frankliniella occidentalis adult, reduces adult harm and oviposition, while monitoring west Dynamic occurs for flower thrips population.Insect-sticking plate setting direction is vertical with the direction of caraway row, is positioned over and is pushed up at 6cm higher than caraway strain, It replaces 1 time every 2 weeks, the adult on insect-sticking plate, which is concentrated, to be destroyed.
3) natural enemy is prevented
In caraway Frankliniella occidentalis early period of origination, by 200/cm2Using blister beetle Steinernema feltiae, Frankliniella occidentalis is prevented The prepupa of underground worm state and pupa;By 10 crafty minute pirate bugs of every square metre of release, release in every 10 days is primary;It is put again by every 4 square metres Set Si Shi amblyseius as predatory mite sustained release bag, it is each to be sustained built in bag 950, release in every 7 days once to the ground worm state of Frankliniella occidentalis, Nymph and adult are prevented.
The processing of test group 12:Using 5% acetamiprid EC (Hailir Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd.), with 40ml/ mus Preparation dosage carries out spraying treatment to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, handles 1 time when caraway generation Frankliniella occidentalis is endangered.
Control group processing:Medicament is replaced with clear water, processing mode identical with test group 12 is pressed, caraway is handled.
Test data is shown in Table 6-1.
Control effect of the table 6-1 different disposals to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis
By test data as can be seen that integrated control processing and Acetamiprid can play the Frankliniella occidentalis prevention of caraway Preferable effect.Integrated control processing works slightly slow, but lasting effect is better than Acetamiprid, and compared with Acetamiprid without chemical pesticide Residual will not cause Frankliniella occidentalis to generate resistance.
Embodiment 7
Using the method for integrated control of the present invention as test group 13, with 5% acetamiprid EC (extra large Lear medicine company group share Co., Ltd) as test group 14, clear water as a control group, carries out Frankliniella occidentalis in caraway planting process in greenhouse for spraying Prevention, often processing are repeated 3 times (i.e. 3 cells), in caraway plant height about 20cm~40cm, when having 10~20 leaves, Weight per plant When 20g~50g, to the 5 points of harvesting samplings of each cell, every takes 20 plants, and 100 plants are taken per cell, and every group of each 300 plants of sampling is adopted Receiving method is to cut receipts at plant place near the ground with knife, remove old leaf.Every plant of single plant quality and plant height are counted, by caraway Grade scale is classified, and caraway grade scale is shown in Table 7.It goes forward side by side dish quality evaluation of holding or participate in a prayer service at a temple.
7 caraway grade scale of table
Specification Single plant quality (g) Plant height (cm)
M 20~30 20~25
L 30~40 25~35
2L 40~50 35~45
The processing of test group 13:
A kind of greenhouse or the Frankliniella occidentalis control method of chamber planting caraway, integrated control include the following steps:
1) agricultural measures
(1) it after crop harvest, enhances field management, removes all crops in field, weeds, and will be around greenhouse or greenhouse Plant is rooted out together, destroys Frankliniella occidentalis hibernacle;
(2) the summer fallow phase carries out high temperature close plastic shed, canopy room temperature is risen to 40 DEG C or so, is kept for 5 days;
(3) black mulch film is covered when planting caraway, is prevented Frankliniella occidentalis from burying and is pupated;
(4) after caraway transplanting survival, trickle irrigation siliceous fertilizer is applied with 8kg/ mus of dosage punching;
(5) when generation Frankliniella occidentalis endangers, using 2% urea liquid, root outer spraying is carried out to caraway;
(6) it is manually isolated, the inlet and outlet and ventilation opening in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse are capped fly net.
2) physical control
In caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse it is every 5 square metres suspension 1 addition plant essence, methyl anthranilate, Blue insect-sticking plate of the nicotine acetic acid esters as attractant traps and kills Frankliniella occidentalis adult, reduces adult harm and oviposition, monitors simultaneously Dynamic occurs for Frankliniella occidentalis population.Insect-sticking plate setting direction is vertical with the direction of caraway row, is positioned over higher than caraway strain top 6cm Place replaces 1 time every 2 weeks, and the adult on insect-sticking plate, which is concentrated, to be destroyed.
3) natural enemy is prevented
In caraway Frankliniella occidentalis early period of origination, by per 3m2It places a Hypoaspis aculeifer and is sustained bag, one is sustained built in bag 1000, release in every 15 days is primary, prevents prepupa and the pupa of the underground worm state of Frankliniella occidentalis;It is small by 15 thorns of every square metre of release Flower stinkbug, release in every 10 days are primary;Every 4 square metres are pressed again places an impure Yi Sui mites sustained release bag, it is each to be sustained 1000 built in bag Head, release in every 15 days is primary, and to the ground worm state of Frankliniella occidentalis, nymph and adult are prevented.
The processing of test group 14:Using 5% acetamiprid EC (Hailir Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd.), with 40ml/ mus Preparation dosage carries out spraying treatment to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, handles 1 time when caraway generation Frankliniella occidentalis is endangered.
Control group processing:Medicament is replaced with clear water, processing mode identical with test group 14 is pressed, caraway is handled.
Test data is shown in Table 7-1.
Influence of the table 7-1 different disposals to caraway yield and quality
By test data as can be seen that integrated control processing and Acetamiprid can play caraway preferably increases production and carry The effect of high-quality.Compared with Acetamiprid, integrated control processing has not only played caraway Frankliniella occidentalis for integrated control processing Preferable control effect, and because using siliceous fertilizer, rate of growth and quality product rate are higher than Acetamiprid processing, and are remained without chemical pesticide; Acetamiprid processing also has preferable control effect, but the raising effect of the rate of growth and quality product rate to caraway to caraway Frankliniella occidentalis Fruit is worse than integrated control processing.
It the above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that above-mentioned preferred embodiment is not construed as pair The limitation of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention should be subject to claim limited range.For the art For those of ordinary skill, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these change Protection scope of the present invention is also should be regarded as into retouching.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
1) preparation before planting, specially field management remove crop and weeds, high temperature close plastic shed, black film mulching;
2) Applying silicon fertilizer, method of administration are to plant early stage in caraway, and trickle irrigation is applied with 2~10 kgs/acre of punchings of siliceous fertilizer concentration;
3) applied nitrogen, the nitrogenous fertilizer are 1.0%~3.0% urea liquid, 0.5%~1.5% ammonium bicarbonate soln, 0.3% One or more in~1.0% sal volatile and 0.1%~1.0% ammonia spirit, method of administration is root outer spraying;
4) it is manually isolated, specially the inlet and outlet and ventilation opening in caraway planting greenhouse or greenhouse are capped fly net.
2. the control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis according to claim 1, which is characterized in that step 2) the siliceous fertilizer application Method is to be planted early stage in caraway, and siliceous fertilizer dilutes 800~1000 times and sprays.
3. the control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step 3) nitrogenous fertilizer is It is one or more in 2% urea liquid, 1% ammonium bicarbonate soln, 0.5% sal volatile, 0.5% ammonia spirit.
4. the control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further comprising the steps of:
Blue insect-sticking plate traps and kills caraway Frankliniella occidentalis adult, and the blue insect-sticking plate is that common blue insect-sticking plate is coated with attractant system At;The coating attractant be selected from nerol, geraniol, citronellol, methyl anthranilate, carvacrol, nicotine acetic acid esters, Nonalactone, p-tolyl aldehyde, ethyl nicotinate, anisaldehyde, adjacent anisaldehyde, benzaldehyde, plant essence, artificial neroli oil, 3- benzene At least one of propionic aldehyde.
5. the control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the attractant is selected from flores aurantii At least one in alcohol, citronellol, nonalactone, ethyl nicotinate, anisaldehyde, artificial neroli oil, carvacrol, plant essence, 3-phenylpropion aldehyde Kind.
6. the control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis according to claim 4 or 5, which is characterized in that the blue insect-sticking plate Application method be positioned over higher than caraway strain top 5~10cm place, it is every 5~10 square metres hang 1, every 2~3 weeks replacement one It is secondary.
7. the control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further comprising the steps of:
Using caraway Frankliniella occidentalis natural enemy, the caraway Frankliniella occidentalis natural enemy includes parasitic nematode and predator, described to catch Feeding habits natural enemy includes Predatory Mites and Pentatomidae Insects, and the Predatory Mites include the Predatory Mites for preventing Frankliniella occidentalis underground life stage, And the Predatory Mites of prevention Frankliniella occidentalis ground life stage.
8. the control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the parasitic nematode is selected from this At least one of family name nematode, heterorhabditis indica, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora-NJ, blister beetle Steinernema feltiae, the parasitic nematode application Gross density is 100~400/cm2
9. the control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the prevention Frankliniella occidentalis The Predatory Mites of upper life stage are a kind of or more in cucumber new small peaceful mite, Amblyseius barkeri, impure Yi Sui mites and Si Shi amblyseius as predatory mite Kind;The Predatory Mites of prevention prevention Frankliniella occidentalis underground life stage are shield mite under Hypoaspis aculeifer and/or soldier;The predation The method of administration of mite is every 2~4m2A sustained release bag is placed, each 950~1050 Predatory Mites built in sustained release bag, every 7~15 Its release is primary.
10. the control method of caraway Frankliniella occidentalis according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the Pentatomidae Insects are shoulder Hair minute pirate bugs, hairless minute pirate bugs, shallow white wing minute pirate bugs, crafty minute pirate bugs, small black colored stinkbug, thorn minute pirate bugs, America minute pirate bugs, East Asia are small It is one or more in flower stinkbug, tower cigarette fleahopper;Method of administration is every square metre and discharges 10~20, and release in every 10~15 days is primary.
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CN110250224A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-20 贵阳学院 A kind of preparation for preventing and treating Frankliniella occidentalis on vegetables
CN111194654A (en) * 2020-01-15 2020-05-26 华南农业大学 Application of Paraconidae acutus to prevention and treatment of plant pathogenic nematodes
CN111492906A (en) * 2020-04-25 2020-08-07 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Green comprehensive prevention and control method for southern melon vegetable thrips
CN112640752A (en) * 2020-09-15 2021-04-13 云南省烟草公司文山州公司 Method for preventing and controlling tobacco thrips by combining physical and biological modes with peak staggering
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CN112640752A (en) * 2020-09-15 2021-04-13 云南省烟草公司文山州公司 Method for preventing and controlling tobacco thrips by combining physical and biological modes with peak staggering
CN113545257A (en) * 2021-07-27 2021-10-26 福建省农业科学院植物保护研究所 Stereoscopic green control technology for passion fruit thrips based on whole-course embedding of natural enemies
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Application publication date: 20181002