CN108358719A - Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof is made using multiclass stalk - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof is made using multiclass stalk Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108358719A
CN108358719A CN201810521858.0A CN201810521858A CN108358719A CN 108358719 A CN108358719 A CN 108358719A CN 201810521858 A CN201810521858 A CN 201810521858A CN 108358719 A CN108358719 A CN 108358719A
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China
Prior art keywords
stalk
multiclass
organic fertilizer
powder
stalk powder
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Pending
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CN201810521858.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴东
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Huoqiu Muyu Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Huoqiu Muyu Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810521858.0A priority Critical patent/CN108358719A/en
Publication of CN108358719A publication Critical patent/CN108358719A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C3/00Fertilisers containing other salts of ammonia or ammonia itself, e.g. gas liquor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof being made using multiclass stalk the invention discloses a kind of, the percentage composition of constitutive material is:Modified composite stalk powder 28% 35%, microbial bacterial agent 2.8% 4.3%, filler 25% 30%, potassium citrate 3.0% 5.5%, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 4.0% 5.0%, trace element 2.0% 3.5%, lignite humic acid 12.0% 18.0%, deionized water surplus;The organic fertilizer of the present invention is made of modified multiclass straw powder, not only it is rich in the nutritional ingredients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and organic matter, meet crop growth demand, straw powder modified simultaneously can improve the hydrophily of macromolecular, have preferable water conservation profit aqueous in soil, crops can be made to give stable high yields irrespective of drought or water logging using the fertilizer, significantly provide and improve soil organic matter content, have huge economic implications to the development of agricultural.

Description

Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof is made using multiclass stalk
Technical field
Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof being made using multiclass stalk the present invention relates to a kind of, belongs to organic fertilizer processing technology Field.
Background technology
Stalk is a large amount of existing byproducts in China's field of agricultural cultivation, most of all to be burned in producing the busy season , due to annual a large amount of burning agricultural stalks, serious atmosphere pollution, air is caused to be filled with carbon dioxide and will result in greatly Acid rain phenomenon is measured, the heat that a large amount of burnings generate also brings along serious greenhouse effects, influences climate warming, meanwhile, in Modern Agriculture In industry plantation chemical fertilizer and pesticide are largely used due to pursuing agricultural year;Since these chemicals are manured into soil so that soil Physical chemistry and biochemical property drastically deteriorate, and soil property is hardened to be hardened, and microorganism is destroyed, and organic matter loss is serious, and soil fertility declines Fertilization effect is set to be deteriorated, crops lesion is multiple, and originally soil loses balance of nature, is caused for agricultural production from now on Totally unfavorable consequence.
A kind of available precious resources of agricultural stalk, China has traditional agricultural stalk composting process, that is, passes System is made compost, but is made compost this traditional handicraft and had the drawback that the production cycle is long, is taken up a large area, and fertilizer efficiency is low, cannot advise greatly Mould produces, so not obtaining big development not only always;Active demand is a kind of to turn waste into wealth, fertilizer efficiency is high, short preparation period Organic fertilizer, be that the art faces is also important topic anxious to be resolved.
Invention content
On the one hand in order to solve existing stalk problem of environmental pollution is caused, on the other hand provides that environmentally protective, fertilizer efficiency is high, system For the organic fertilizer that the period is short, the present invention provides make organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof using multiclass stalk.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
Organic fertilizer is made using multiclass stalk, the percentage composition of constitutive material is:It is modified composite stalk powder 28%-35%, micro- Bacteria agent 2.8%-4.3%, filler 25%-30%, potassium citrate 3.0%-5.5%, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 4.0%-5.0%, trace element 2.0%-3.5%, lignite humic acid 12.0%-18.0%, deionized water surplus.
Organic fertilizer is made using multiclass stalk, the percentage composition of constitutive material is:It is modified composite stalk powder 32%, micro- Bacteria agent 3.5%, filler 28%, potassium citrate 4.2%, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 4.5%, trace element 2.7%, lignite humic acid 16.0%, Deionized water surplus.
The filler is one or more in wollastonite in powder, precipitated calcium carbonate, siliceous shale powder, bauxite.
The microbial bacterial agent is Rhizobium Inoculant, fixed nitrogen bacteria agent or organic matter decomposing inoculant.
The modification composite stalk powder is by corn stalk powder, wheat stalk powder, soybean stalk powder according to 4-6:2-3:1 ratio Example is mixed and modified to be made.
The preparation method of the modification composite stalk powder is the ratio according to corn stalk powder, wheat stalk powder, soybean stalk powder Example weighs each straw powder, is placed in vacuum high-temperature sintering stove and is heat-treated, and is then added in hydrogen peroxide thereto, in 20-30 Magnetic agitation 10-15h under DEG C water bath condition is filtered, and it is 6.5-7.0 to be washed to pH, drying, then be equivalent to straw powder total amount 6.5%-8.0% Silane coupling agent KH550s, 4.2%-5.5% cumyl peroxides stir and evenly mix, and solid-liquid is carried out to suspended reaction solution Separation;Last drying obtains modified composite stalk powder.
The production method for making organic fertilizer using multiclass stalk, specifically includes the following contents:
(1)Modified composite stalk powder, lignite humic acid are weighed by constitutive material, pours into blender and stirs and evenly mixs, be then added Microbial bacterial agent and suitable deionized water, adjust mixture humidity 47%-55%, and heap fermentation ferments first week, turns within every 3 days Heap is primary, later primary every turning in 7 days, primary every turning in 15 days after 28 days, until mixed material is fully decomposed;
(2)By step(1)Decomposed fermentation materials drying, then sequentially adds filler, potassium citrate, bicarbonate thereto again Ammonium, trace element, remaining deionized water, after being sufficiently stirred mixing, drying is granulated to obtain the final product.
The fermentation temperature is controlled in 42 DEG C -48 DEG C.
The organic fertilizer is suitable for fruit tree, rice, wheat, vegetables application, and amount of application is that mu applies 110-150kg.
The present invention mainly uses a variety of stalks for raw material, can not only turn waste into wealth, and reduces straw burning to air Pollution, and stalk, rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and organic matter etc., being one kind having multiduty reproducible living resources, Meet the growth demand of plant, while various trace elements are again and the various organic matters work in the auxiliary materials such as soil soil, excrement and water With biochemical reaction is generated, degradation, again group, biochemical reaction occurs, generates rich in organic substances such as humic acid, fulvic acid, this Invention has preferable water conservation profit by that multiclass straw powder part modification, can improve the hydrophily of macromolecular, to soil It is aqueous.
In addition modified straw powder of the invention, stalk internal structure is loose after modification, enhances the absorption of stalk Property and compatibility, can effectively adsorb heavy metal in soil and other harmful substances, prevent the infringement to plant.
Advantages of the present invention:
The organic fertilizer of the present invention is made of modified multiclass straw powder, is not only rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and organic matter etc. Nutritional ingredient meets crop growth demand, while modified straw powder can improve the hydrophily of macromolecular, has to soil There is preferable water conservation profit aqueous, crops can be made to give stable high yields irrespective of drought or water logging using the fertilizer, significantly provide and improve the soil organism Content has huge economic implications to the development of agricultural.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment 1:Organic fertilizer is made using multiclass stalk, 100kg is counted in an amount, and constitutive material is:Modification is compound Straw powder 32kg, fixed nitrogen bacteria agent 3.0kg, wollastonite in powder 28kg, potassium citrate 4.5kg, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 4.5kg, trace element 2.5kg, lignite humic acid 15kg, deionized water surplus.
The modification composite stalk powder is by corn stalk powder, wheat stalk powder, soybean stalk powder according to 5:2:1 ratio is mixed Modification is closed to be made.
The preparation method of the modification composite stalk powder is the ratio according to corn stalk powder, wheat stalk powder, soybean stalk powder Example weighs each straw powder, is placed in vacuum high-temperature sintering stove and is heat-treated, and is then added in hydrogen peroxide thereto, in 25 DEG C of water Magnetic agitation 10-15h under the conditions of bath, filter, be washed to pH be 6.5, drying, then be equivalent to 7.0% silane of straw powder total amount Coupling agent KH550,4.5% cumyl peroxide stir and evenly mix, and are separated by solid-liquid separation to suspended reaction solution;Last drying obtains To modified composite stalk powder.
The production method for making organic fertilizer using multiclass stalk, specifically includes the following contents:
(1)Modified composite stalk powder, lignite humic acid are weighed by constitutive material, pours into blender and stirs and evenly mixs, be then added Microbial bacterial agent and suitable deionized water adjust mixture humidity 50%, heap fermentation, and fermentation temperature is controlled in 45 DEG C, fermentation First week, every turning in 3 days was primary, later primary every turning in 7 days, primary every turning in 15 days after 28 days, until mixed material It is fully decomposed;
(2)By step(1)Decomposed fermentation materials drying, then sequentially adds filler, potassium citrate, bicarbonate thereto again Ammonium, trace element, remaining deionized water, after being sufficiently stirred mixing, drying is granulated to obtain the final product.
Embodiment 2:Organic fertilizer is made using multiclass stalk, 100kg is counted in an amount, and constitutive material is:Modification is compound Straw powder 35kg, microbial bacterial agent 4kg, filler 25kg, potassium citrate 4kg, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 5kg, trace element 3.5kg, lignite Humic acid 18kg, deionized water surplus.
Embodiment 3:Organic fertilizer is made using multiclass stalk, 100kg is counted in an amount, and constitutive material is:Modification is compound Straw powder 28kg, microbial bacterial agent 3kg, filler 20kg, potassium citrate 3kg, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 4kg, trace element 2.5kg, lignite Humic acid 12kg, deionized water surplus.
Rice and wheat are administered respectively using the organic fertilizer of the present invention, the mu sowing amount of rice is 112kg, mu Yield is 1600-1700 jins;The mu sowing amount of wheat is 110kg, and per mu yield is 1000-1100 jins.

Claims (9)

1. making organic fertilizer using multiclass stalk, which is characterized in that the percentage composition of its constitutive material is:Modified composite stalk Powder 28%-35%, microbial bacterial agent 2.8%-4.3%, filler 20%-35%, potassium citrate 3.0%-5.5%, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 4.0%- 5.0%, trace element 2.0%-3.5%, lignite humic acid 12.0%-18.0%, deionized water surplus.
2. according to claim 1 make organic fertilizer using multiclass stalk, which is characterized in that the percentage of its constitutive material Content is:It is modified composite stalk powder 32%, microbial bacterial agent 3.5%, filler 28%, potassium citrate 4.2%, ammonium hydrogen carbonate 4.5%, micro- Secondary element 2.7%, lignite humic acid 16.0%, deionized water surplus.
3. according to claim 1 make organic fertilizer using multiclass stalk, which is characterized in that the filler is silicon ash It is one or more in mountain flour, precipitated calcium carbonate, siliceous shale powder, bauxite.
4. according to claim 1 make organic fertilizer using multiclass stalk, which is characterized in that the microbial bacterial agent For Rhizobium Inoculant, fixed nitrogen bacteria agent or organic matter decomposing inoculant.
5. according to claim 1 make organic fertilizer using multiclass stalk, which is characterized in that the compound straw of the modification Stalk powder is by corn stalk powder, wheat stalk powder, soybean stalk powder according to 4-6:2-3:1 ratio is mixed and modified to be made.
6. utilizing multiclass stalk to make organic fertilizer according to claim 1 or 5, which is characterized in that the modification is multiple The preparation method for closing straw powder is to weigh each straw powder according to the ratio of corn stalk powder, wheat stalk powder, soybean stalk powder, is placed in true It is heat-treated, is then added in hydrogen peroxide thereto, the magnetic agitation under 20-30 DEG C of water bath condition in empty high temperature sintering furnace 10-15h, filter, be washed to pH be 6.5-7.0, drying, then be equivalent to straw powder total amount 6.5%-8.0% silane coupling agents KH550,4.2%-5.5% cumyl peroxide stir and evenly mix, and are separated by solid-liquid separation to suspended reaction solution;Last drying obtains Modified composite stalk powder.
7. a kind of production method as described in claim 1 making organic fertilizer using multiclass stalk, which is characterized in that specific Including the following contents:
(1)Modified composite stalk powder, lignite humic acid are weighed by constitutive material, pours into blender and stirs and evenly mixs, be then added Microbial bacterial agent and suitable deionized water, adjust mixture humidity 47%-55%, and heap fermentation ferments first week, turns within every 3 days Heap is primary, later primary every turning in 7 days, primary every turning in 15 days after 28 days, until mixed material is fully decomposed;
(2)By step(1)Decomposed fermentation materials drying, then sequentially adds filler, potassium citrate, bicarbonate thereto again Ammonium, trace element, remaining deionized water, after being sufficiently stirred mixing, drying is granulated to obtain the final product.
8. the production method according to claim 7 for making organic fertilizer using multiclass stalk, which is characterized in that described Fermentation temperature is controlled in 42 DEG C -48 DEG C.
9. according to claim 1 make organic fertilizer using multiclass stalk, which is characterized in that the organic fertilizer is suitable For fruit tree, rice, wheat, vegetables application, amount of application is that mu applies 110-150kg.
CN201810521858.0A 2018-05-28 2018-05-28 Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof is made using multiclass stalk Pending CN108358719A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109197343A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-01-15 云南味酷食品有限公司 The green planting method of high nutrition rose
CN109836281A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-06-04 河北润农欣生物科技有限公司 A kind of production method of the biological organic fertilizer of the brown streptomycete of laterite containing wine
WO2021229283A1 (en) * 2020-05-10 2021-11-18 Basavaraj Girennavar Bio-nitrogen fertilizer formulation for organic and sustainable farming

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109197343A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-01-15 云南味酷食品有限公司 The green planting method of high nutrition rose
CN109836281A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-06-04 河北润农欣生物科技有限公司 A kind of production method of the biological organic fertilizer of the brown streptomycete of laterite containing wine
WO2021229283A1 (en) * 2020-05-10 2021-11-18 Basavaraj Girennavar Bio-nitrogen fertilizer formulation for organic and sustainable farming

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Application publication date: 20180803