CN108142228A - A kind of rice fish green supports method altogether - Google Patents

A kind of rice fish green supports method altogether Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108142228A
CN108142228A CN201711431035.0A CN201711431035A CN108142228A CN 108142228 A CN108142228 A CN 108142228A CN 201711431035 A CN201711431035 A CN 201711431035A CN 108142228 A CN108142228 A CN 108142228A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rice
fish
water
transplanting
ridge
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Pending
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CN201711431035.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾良
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曾良
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Priority to CN201711431035.0A priority Critical patent/CN108142228A/en
Publication of CN108142228A publication Critical patent/CN108142228A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rice fish greens to support method altogether, it is selected including rice field, rice field arranges, rice transplanting, launch fry, feeding management, daily management, the present invention is by rationally planting and controlling breeding density, and using rice field to nitrogen, the absorption of the substances such as phosphorus, reduce the pollution level for water of breeding fish, simultaneously fertilizer is supplemented to rice field, make rice and shoal of fish mutual benefit that growth coexist, the present invention has resources circulation development utilization rate height, it reduces financial cost and is ecological raising, reduce pollution, compared with rice-fish culture, effectively increase the yield and quality of rice and the shoal of fish.

Description

A kind of rice fish green supports method altogether
Technical field
The present invention relates to breeding combination field, more particularly to a kind of rice fish green supports method altogether.
Background technology
At present, culture fishery is cultivated mostly using man-made pond(pool) or using culturing net, case in reservoir or natural water It is propagated artificially.It is well known that in aquaculture process, due to meetings such as the excretion of aquatile, the decomposition of remaining bait The substances such as a large amount of ammonia, nitrogen, phosphorus are generated in water body, if these substances are removed not in time, water quality can be polluted, destroy aquatic life The healthy growth of object, and frequently then cost is too high for purified treatment.
It is that Rice Cropping and fish culture are organically combined a kind of three dimensional-planting-breeding mould in same ecological environment that rice fish is supported altogether Formula.Using the travelling removing weeds that ingest of fish, eat rice grub, reduces pesticide and discharges, while the growth respiration in rice field Some generated organic matters can achieve the purpose that mutual benefit as the food of fish again.But traditional rice field fish culture, there are blind Mesh is breeded fish, Rice Cropping density and fish stocking density are unreasonable, agriculture chemical applies the problems such as improper, results in rice anoxic Rotten, fish starvation and mortality, rice and the problems such as quality of fish is low.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of rice fish greens to support method altogether, can greatly improve the economic value and rice of fish The unit area output value.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of rice fish green supports method altogether, includes the following steps:
(1) rice field selects:Select the rice field in flakes that source quality is excellent, irrigation and drainage are convenient, arable layer is deeper;
(2) rice field arranges:Rice field uses sufficient base fertilizer, turns over and levels land, and annular fish ditch, furrow width 1- are excavated around rice field 1.5 meters, 0.7-1 meters of depth are excavated several septal fossulas according to rice field size in rice field and are communicated with ring field Yu Gou, interior ditch depth 30cm, width 20cm, increases ridge, the outer high 60-80cm of ridge, and the interior high 20-25cm of ridge is respectively provided in water outlet and water inlet and blocks Net is escaped to prevent fry;
(3) rice transplanting:Before rice transplanting, rice field spreads quick lime by 50kg/ mus and carries out disinfection, and disinfection is poured water after a week, Then rice transplanting is carried out;Resistant to lodging, disease-resistant, highly resistance kind is selected, in rice transplanting latter week, water level in paddy field keeps 3-5cm, After a week, water level in paddy field keeps 8-15cm to rice transplanting;
(4) fry is launched:Launch fry within 7-10 days after rice transplanting, fry impregnates 5-10 points in the strong brine of 3-5% Clock, the specification of fry is 3cm/ tails, launches 400-600 tails per acre;Before fry is launched, basal dressing is used to cultivate rich water in fish ditch;
(5) feeding management:Daily feeding rape cake, bran or rice husk and mixed feed, be properly added any crack rice with And some the leaf of spinach, green vegetable leaf, Chinese cabbage bar and corn-dodger are added, twice, each feeding is primary daily morning and evening, rice for daily feeding The rice to bloom, which is used up, falls on Yu Gouzhong, without being handled, and suitably reduces feeding volume, is changed to twice once by original;
(6) daily management:It is daily to make an inspection tour ridge and check block, prevent leak and spilling water from escaping fish, the particularly big rainy day will Timely draining pays attention to removing the sundries of blocking grid, keeps draining unimpeded;Vole and swamp eel can all beat on ridge in rice field Hole causes leak to escape fish, should go through timely blocking;Per 3-5 days, the water in rice field is all put to the fish ditch, so The cultivation water of Yu Gou middle and lower parts is evacuated in rice field using water pumper afterwards, and reaches rice field ordinary water level amount;Periodically sprinkle raw stone Ash carries out disinfection.
Preferably, step (4) base manure includes the one or more of barnyard manure, chicken manure, cow dung, pig manure.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The present invention utilizes rice field to nitrogen, phosphorus etc. by rationally planting and controlling breeding density The absorption of substance reduces the pollution level for water of breeding fish, while supplements fertilizer to rice field, and rice and shoal of fish mutual benefit coexists Growth, the present invention have resources circulation development utilization rate high, reduce financial cost and are ecological raisings, pollution are reduced, with biography System rice field fish culture is compared, and effectively increases the yield and quality of rice and the shoal of fish.
Specific embodiment
It is further illustrated the present invention below by specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
A kind of rice fish green supports method altogether, includes the following steps:
(1) rice field selects:Select the rice field in flakes that source quality is excellent, irrigation and drainage are convenient, arable layer is deeper;
(2) rice field arranges:Rice field uses sufficient base fertilizer, turns over and levels land, and annular fish ditch, furrow width 1.5 are excavated around rice field Rice, 0.8 meter of depth, excavate several septal fossulas according to rice field size in rice field and are communicated with ring field Yu Gou, interior ditch depth 30cm, width 20cm, Ridge is increased in reinforcing, the outer high 60-80cm of ridge, the interior high 20-25cm of ridge, water outlet and water inlet be respectively provided with block to prevent Fry escapes;
(3) rice transplanting:Before rice transplanting, rice field spreads quick lime by 50kg/ mus and carries out disinfection, and disinfection is poured water after a week, Then rice transplanting is carried out;Resistant to lodging, disease-resistant, highly resistance kind is selected, in rice transplanting latter week, water level in paddy field keeps 3-5cm, After a week, water level in paddy field keeps 8-15cm to rice transplanting;
(4) fry is launched:Launch fry within 7-10 days after rice transplanting, fry is impregnated 6 minutes in the strong brine of 3-5%, The specification of fry is 3cm/ tails, launches 550 tails per acre;Before fry is launched, pig manure 220kg is applied in fish ditch for cultivating rich water;
(5) feeding management:Daily feeding rape cake, bran or rice husk and mixed feed, be properly added any crack rice with And some the leaf of spinach, green vegetable leaf, Chinese cabbage bar and corn-dodger are added, twice, each feeding is primary daily morning and evening, rice for daily feeding The rice to bloom, which is used up, falls on Yu Gouzhong, without being handled, and suitably reduces feeding volume, is changed to twice once by original;
(6) daily management:It is daily to make an inspection tour ridge and check block, prevent leak and spilling water from escaping fish, the particularly big rainy day will Timely draining pays attention to removing the sundries of blocking grid, keeps draining unimpeded;Vole and swamp eel can all beat on ridge in rice field Hole causes leak to escape fish, should go through timely blocking;Per 3-5 days, the water in rice field is all put to the fish ditch, so The cultivation water of Yu Gou middle and lower parts is evacuated in rice field using water pumper afterwards, and reaches rice field ordinary water level amount;Periodically sprinkle raw stone Ash carries out disinfection.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of rice fish green supports method altogether, which is characterized in that includes the following steps:
(1) rice field selects:Select the rice field in flakes that source quality is excellent, irrigation and drainage are convenient, arable layer is deeper;
(2) rice field arranges:Rice field uses sufficient base fertilizer, turns over and levels land, the annular fish ditch of excavation around rice field, 1-1.5 meters of furrow width, It is 0.7-1 meters deep, several septal fossulas are excavated in rice field according to rice field size and are communicated with ring field Yu Gou, interior ditch depth 30cm, width 20cm add Admittedly increasing ridge, the outer high 60-80cm of ridge, the interior high 20-25cm of ridge are respectively provided with block to prevent fish in water outlet and water inlet Seedling is escaped;
(3) rice transplanting:Before rice transplanting, rice field spreads quick lime by 50kg/ mus and carries out disinfection, and disinfection is poured water after a week, then Carry out rice transplanting;Resistant to lodging, disease-resistant, highly resistance kind is selected, in rice transplanting latter week, water level in paddy field keeps 3-5cm, rice After a week, water level in paddy field keeps 8-15cm for transplanting;
(4) fry is launched:Launch fry within 7-10 days after rice transplanting, fry is impregnated 5-10 minutes in the strong brine of 3-5%, fish The specification of seedling is 3cm/ tails, launches 400-600 tails per acre;Before fry is launched, basal dressing is used to cultivate rich water in fish ditch;
(5) feeding management:Daily feeding rape cake, bran or rice husk and mixed feed, are properly added any and crack rice and mix Add some the leaf of spinach, green vegetable leaf, Chinese cabbage bar and corn-dodger, twice, each feeding is primary daily morning and evening, and rice blooms for daily feeding Rice use up and fall on Yu Gouzhong, without being handled, and suitably reduce feeding volume, by it is original be changed to twice it is primary;
(6) daily management:It is daily to make an inspection tour ridge and check block, prevent leak and spilling water from escaping fish, the particularly big rainy day is timely Draining pays attention to removing the sundries of blocking grid, keeps draining unimpeded;Vole and swamp eel can all burrow on ridge in rice field, make Escape fish into leak, timely blocking should be gone through;Per 3-5 days, the water in rice field is all put to the fish ditch, is then used The cultivation water of Yu Gou middle and lower parts is evacuated in rice field by water pumper, and reaches rice field ordinary water level amount;Periodically sprinkle quick lime progress Disinfection.
2. rice fish green cultivation according to claim 1 altogether support method, which is characterized in that step (4) base manure include barnyard manure, Chicken manure, cow dung, pig manure one or more.
CN201711431035.0A 2017-12-19 2017-12-19 A kind of rice fish green supports method altogether Pending CN108142228A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711431035.0A CN108142228A (en) 2017-12-19 2017-12-19 A kind of rice fish green supports method altogether

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711431035.0A CN108142228A (en) 2017-12-19 2017-12-19 A kind of rice fish green supports method altogether

Publications (1)

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CN108142228A true CN108142228A (en) 2018-06-12

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109122137A (en) * 2018-07-27 2019-01-04 章家红 A kind of rice field ecology fish-cultivating method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109122137A (en) * 2018-07-27 2019-01-04 章家红 A kind of rice field ecology fish-cultivating method

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Application publication date: 20180612