CN108142100A - A kind of fruit harvesting device - Google Patents

A kind of fruit harvesting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108142100A
CN108142100A CN201611110423.4A CN201611110423A CN108142100A CN 108142100 A CN108142100 A CN 108142100A CN 201611110423 A CN201611110423 A CN 201611110423A CN 108142100 A CN108142100 A CN 108142100A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
harvesting
rod
fruit
telescopic rod
claw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201611110423.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
上官金辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shaanxi Sesame Seeds Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shaanxi Sesame Seeds Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shaanxi Sesame Seeds Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd filed Critical Shaanxi Sesame Seeds Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611110423.4A priority Critical patent/CN108142100A/en
Publication of CN108142100A publication Critical patent/CN108142100A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • A01D46/24Devices for picking apples or like fruit
    • A01D46/253Portable motorised fruit pickers

Abstract

The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological fields, more particularly to a kind of fruit harvesting device, a kind of fruit harvesting device, the connecting rod is equipped with telescopic rod and driving coil, the connecting rod has the inner cavity for placing telescopic rod, and the telescopic rod passes through the center of driving coil, and one end of the telescopic rod is connect with harvesting seat, the other end of the telescopic rod is fixed on the inner wall of connecting rod, the outer wall connection of the driving coil and connecting rod;The harvesting seat is equipped with harvesting head, the claw being fixedly connected with harvesting head and the pulley being fixed on harvesting seat, the claw and forms the cavity for accommodating fruit after being closed.The present invention passes through the clamping of handle and the folding of relaxation control claw, it is easy to operate, pluck fruit accurate and flexible, this collector efficiently solves the fatigue inconvenience that orchard worker generates due to upper ladder or upper tree, while has been greatly reduced the security risk of orchard worker, makes orchard worker's safe ready when picking fruit.

Description

A kind of fruit harvesting device
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological fields, and in particular to a kind of fruit harvesting device.
Background technology
In the fruit recovery operations of citrus or apple etc, in order not to which fruit is made to be collided with damage, mostly using passing The artificial harvesting of system, operating personnel hold the fruit that need to be harvested on the other hand, and the other hand is cut fruit from tree by scissors, Ran Hou little Heart is put into the fruit that harvesting is got off in basket.This operating type working efficiency is very low, and since the arm length of people has Limit, operating personnel need frequent shift position that can just pick fruit, and operating personnel is easily tired.And mandarin tree and apple tree are often Taller and bigger, need to ascend a height operation when people harvest citrus or apple in the usual way by ladder, and falling accident easily occurs, Citrus producing region, the falling accident that inflicting bodily injury all can frequently occur every year occur.
Chinese patent Authorization Notice No. is the patent of invention of CN104584782B, is disclosed a kind of for the anti-of fruit harvesting Collide with catching device, is mainly made of stent, the delivery pipe made of cloth hose being fixed on stent, delivery pipe spiral twines Around and be fixed on stent, the fruit of the upper free segment of cloth hose accepts the harvesting head that entrance is connected to fruit harvesting device On, the lower free segment of cloth hose is connected on Fruit basket.Harvest citrus or during apple, harvested from fruit tree the citrus that gets off or Apple is entered in the upper free segment of cloth hose, then slow in a manner of spiral-falling along the cloth hose to spiral on stent Under fall in Fruit basket, so as to which citrus or apple be avoided to be collided with by tree trunk or other objects.It should be " for the anti-of fruit harvesting Collide with catching device " although can prevent fruit from colliding with, device needs could be completed to pick by driving device, and When fruit is picked in more intensive orchard, inconvenience is just brought using the picker since gap is smaller.
Invention content
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of fruit harvesting devices.The present invention will The technical issues of solution, is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of fruit harvesting device, including connecting rod, harvesting seat and handle, the connecting rod is connect respectively with handle and harvesting seat;
The connecting rod is equipped with telescopic rod and driving coil, and the connecting rod has the inner cavity for placing telescopic rod, and the telescopic rod is worn It overdrives the center of coil, one end of the telescopic rod is connect with harvesting seat, and the other end of the telescopic rod is fixed on connecting rod The outer wall connection of inner wall, the driving coil and connecting rod;
The harvesting seat is equipped with harvesting head, the claw being fixedly connected with harvesting head and the pulley being fixed on harvesting seat, institute It states after claw is closed and forms the cavity for accommodating fruit;Drawstring of the pulley equipped with control claw folding, the one of the drawstring End is connect with claw, and the other end is connect with telescopic rod;
The electric wire that the handle is equipped with the button switch of control claw folding and is electrically connected with driving coil, the electric wire The other end is connect with power supply.
As the further restriction of the present invention, the resetting spring for opening claw is provided on the harvesting seat.
As the further restriction of the present invention, the pulley is three, is distributed on harvesting seat in 120 ° respectively, described multiple Position spring is three, is separately fixed on harvesting seat.
As the further restriction of the present invention, the telescopic rod is hollow-core construction, and the inner cavity of the telescopic rod is also at least set There is a pair of of magnetic core, the magnetic core is separately positioned on the both sides of driving coil.
As the further restriction of the present invention, magnetism of the magnetic core close to driving coil side is identical.
As the further restriction of the present invention, the claw is soft plastic material.
As the further restriction of the present invention, handle is additionally provided on the connecting rod, the handle is fixed on the outer wall of connecting rod On.
As the further restriction of the present invention, manual telescopic switch is additionally provided on the telescopic rod.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The present invention is easy to operate, pluck fruit accurate and flexible by the folding of the button control claw on handle, and the present invention is using soft Claw made of plastic cement material, it is soft arcuate structure to touch fruit position, it is ensured that does not hinder fruit.This collector efficiently solves fruit The fatigue that agriculture generates due to upper ladder or upper tree is inconvenient, while has been greatly reduced the security risk of orchard worker, makes orchard worker in picking fruit Actual time safety is convenient.
The present invention is described in further details below with reference to accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged view of present invention harvesting head;
In figure:1. connecting rod;11. telescopic rod;12. magnetic core;13. driving coil;2. harvest seat;21. pulley;22. harvest head;23. Claw;24. cavity;3. handle;31. button switch;32. electric wire.
Specific embodiment
Reach the technological means and effect that predetermined purpose taken for the present invention is further explained, below in conjunction with attached drawing and reality Example specific embodiment, structure feature and its effect to the present invention are applied, detailed description are as follows.
Embodiment 1:
Reference Fig. 1, Fig. 2, a kind of fruit harvesting device, including:
Including connecting rod 1, harvesting seat 2 and handle 3, connecting rod 1 is connect respectively with handle 3 and harvesting seat 2;Connecting rod 1 is equipped with telescopic rod 11 and driving coil 13, connecting rod 1 has the inner cavity for placing telescopic rod 11, and telescopic rod 11 passes through the center of driving coil 13, stretches One end of bar 11 is connect with harvesting seat 2, and the other end of telescopic rod 11 is fixed on the inner wall of connecting rod 1, driving coil 13 and connecting rod 1 Outer wall connects;Harvesting seat 2 is equipped with harvesting head 22, the claw 23 being fixedly connected with harvesting head 22 and is fixed on harvesting seat 2 Pulley 21, claw 23 be closed after formed accommodate fruit cavity 24;Pulley 21 is equipped with the drawstring of control 23 folding of claw, draws One end of rope is connect with claw 23, and the other end is connect with telescopic rod 11;Handle 3 is equipped with the button switch of control 23 folding of claw 31 and the electric wire 32 that is electrically connected with driving coil 13, the other end of electric wire 32 connect with power supply.
It should be noted that device for picking is not limited to grabbing fruit device or covering fruit device, cut fruit device or other shapes for claw Formula, the purpose is to fruit is taken from tree and is placed in semi-enclosed space, it is only necessary to ensure that fruit will not be tumbled on ground .
When in use, will harvest head 22 and be aligned needs the fruit picked, fruit is placed on singlehanded behind the inner cavity of claw 23 The button switch 31 on handle 3 is pressed, claw 23 is made to be closed automatically, finally pushes device for picking to fruit and the negative side of branch growth To picking fruit can be got off.
The present invention is easy to operate, pluck fruit accurate and flexible by the folding of the button control claw on handle, and the present invention uses Claw made of soft plastic material, it is soft arcuate structure to touch fruit position, it is ensured that does not hinder fruit.This collector efficiently solves The fatigue that orchard worker generates due to upper ladder or upper tree is inconvenient, while has been greatly reduced the security risk of orchard worker, is adopting orchard worker Safe ready when plucking fruit.
Embodiment 2:
Difference from Example 1 is to be provided with the resetting spring for opening claw 23 on harvesting seat 2.Pulley 21 is three, It is distributed on harvesting seat 2 in 120 ° respectively, resetting spring is three, is separately fixed on harvesting seat 2.Telescopic rod 11 is hollow knot Structure, also at least provided with a pair of of magnetic core 12, magnetic core 12 is separately positioned on the both sides of driving coil 13 for the inner cavity of telescopic rod 11.Magnetic core 12 Magnetism close to 13 side of driving coil is identical.Claw 23 is soft plastic material.Handle is additionally provided on connecting rod 1, handle is fixed On the outer wall of connecting rod 1.Manual telescopic switch is additionally provided on telescopic rod 11.
It may be noted that the cross section of the hollow parts of telescopic rod 11, the inner-cavity structure of connecting rod 1 and driving coil 13 can be ellipse Circular cross-section or polygonal cross-section;It is preferred that yielding rubber block is set in telescopic rod 11 and 1 junction of connecting rod;Connecting rod 1 is equipped with and wears String holes road, threading duct with mutually isolated for the flexible inner cavity of telescopic rod 11 in connecting rod 1, the connection electric wire 32 of driving coil 13 from Threading passes through in duct;Use the power supply of 6 volts of accumulator for collector, accumulator by driving circuit to driving coil 13 into Row power supply, the circuit board of driving circuit are arranged in handle 3, and the power supply electric wire 32 of battery enters from the tail portion of handle 3 in handle 3 It is connected on the input interface of driving circuit, the output interface on driving circuit is wired to the input of driving coil 13 On interface.
Then button switch 31 is clicked, driving circuit is just powered to driving coil 13, produces the front end of driving coil 13 The raw magnetic force with 12 identical polar of magnetic core, according to the principle that identical charges repel each other, the magnetic force of 13 front end of driving coil pushes front end magnetic core open 12, front end magnetic core 12 is moved forward, meanwhile, the rear end of driving coil 13 generates and the front end opposite polarity of rear end magnetic core 12 Magnetic force, according to the principle that there is a natural attraction between the sexes, the magnetic force of 13 front end of driving coil attracts front end magnetic core 12 to move forward, front end magnetic core 12 Forward movement with rear end magnetic core 12 has driven telescopic rod 11 to move forward, and so as to drive the closure of claw 23, device for picking is pushed away The negative direction grown to fruit with branch can get off picking fruit.After operator removes fruit, driving circuit is to driving line 13 power-off of circle, makes the magnetic force of driving coil 13 disappear, and under the action of resetting spring, claw 23 is pulled to open by drawstring, made It obtains claw 23 to return to original state, so as to which telescopic rod 11 be driven to retract backward, to harvest next fruits and vegetables.
The present invention is easy to operate, pluck fruit accurate and flexible by the folding of the button control claw on handle, and the present invention uses Claw made of soft plastic material, it is soft arcuate structure to touch fruit position, it is ensured that does not hinder fruit.This collector efficiently solves The fatigue that orchard worker generates due to upper ladder or upper tree is inconvenient, while has been greatly reduced the security risk of orchard worker, is adopting orchard worker Safe ready when plucking fruit.
The above content is a further detailed description of the present invention in conjunction with specific preferred embodiments, it is impossible to assert The specific implementation of the present invention is confined to these explanations.For those of ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs, exist Under the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, several simple deduction or replace can also be made, should all be considered as belonging to the present invention's Protection domain.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of fruit harvesting device, including connecting rod(1), harvesting seat(2)And handle(3), the connecting rod(1)Respectively with handle(3) With harvesting seat(2)Connection, it is characterised in that:
The connecting rod(1)It is equipped with telescopic rod(11)And driving coil(13), the connecting rod(1)With placement telescopic rod(11)'s Inner cavity, the telescopic rod(11)Across driving coil(13)Center, the telescopic rod(11)One end with harvesting seat(2)Even It connects, the telescopic rod(11)The other end be fixed on connecting rod(1)Inner wall, the driving coil(13)With connecting rod(1)Outer wall Connection;
The harvesting seat(2)It is equipped with harvesting head(22)And harvesting head(22)The claw being fixedly connected(23)And it is fixed on and adopts Receive seat(2)On pulley(21), the claw(23)The cavity for accommodating fruit is formed after closure(24);The pulley(21)On set There is control claw(23)The drawstring of folding, one end of the drawstring and claw(23)Connection, the other end and telescopic rod(11)Connection;
The handle(3)It is equipped with control claw(23)The button switch of folding(31)And and driving coil(13)Electrical connection Electric wire(32), the electric wire(32)The other end connect with power supply.
A kind of 2. fruit harvesting device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the harvesting seat(2)On be provided with card Pawl(23)The resetting spring of opening.
A kind of 3. fruit harvesting device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the pulley(21)It is three, is in respectively 120 ° are distributed in harvesting seat(2)On, the resetting spring is three, is separately fixed at harvesting seat(2)On.
4. according to a kind of fruit harvesting device of claim 1-3 any one of them, which is characterized in that the telescopic rod(11)For sky Core structure, the telescopic rod(11)Inner cavity also at least provided with a pair of of magnetic core(12), the magnetic core(12)It is separately positioned on driving Coil(13)Both sides.
A kind of 5. fruit harvesting device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the magnetic core(12)Close to driving coil (13)The magnetism of side is identical.
6. according to a kind of fruit harvesting device of claim 1-3 any one of them, which is characterized in that the claw(23)It is soft Plastic cement material.
7. according to a kind of fruit harvesting device of claim 1-3 any one of them, which is characterized in that the connecting rod(1)On also set There is handle, the handle is fixed on connecting rod(1)Outer wall on.
A kind of 8. fruit harvesting device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the telescopic rod(11)On be additionally provided with hand Dynamic telescoping switch.
CN201611110423.4A 2016-12-02 2016-12-02 A kind of fruit harvesting device Withdrawn CN108142100A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611110423.4A CN108142100A (en) 2016-12-02 2016-12-02 A kind of fruit harvesting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611110423.4A CN108142100A (en) 2016-12-02 2016-12-02 A kind of fruit harvesting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108142100A true CN108142100A (en) 2018-06-12

Family

ID=62468208

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611110423.4A Withdrawn CN108142100A (en) 2016-12-02 2016-12-02 A kind of fruit harvesting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108142100A (en)

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WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20180612

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication